CN108661546A - A kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment - Google Patents

A kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108661546A
CN108661546A CN201810453310.7A CN201810453310A CN108661546A CN 108661546 A CN108661546 A CN 108661546A CN 201810453310 A CN201810453310 A CN 201810453310A CN 108661546 A CN108661546 A CN 108661546A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
rack
shale gas
rotating bar
drilling equipment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810453310.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108661546B (en
Inventor
王猛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing CNOOC Energy Investment Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Southwest Petroleum University
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201810453310.7A priority Critical patent/CN108661546B/en
Publication of CN108661546A publication Critical patent/CN108661546A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108661546B publication Critical patent/CN108661546B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B3/00Rotary drilling
    • E21B3/02Surface drives for rotary drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts
    • E21B15/003Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts adapted to be moved on their substructure, e.g. with skidding means; adapted to drill a plurality of wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B21/00Methods or apparatus for flushing boreholes, e.g. by use of exhaust air from motor
    • E21B21/01Arrangements for handling drilling fluids or cuttings outside the borehole, e.g. mud boxes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/022Control of the drilling operation; Hydraulic or pneumatic means for activation or operation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipments, including top plate;Rotating bar is provided on the downside of the top plate, rotating bar is connect with left frame, right rack and holder pivots;The rotating bar, which is located on the shaft part between two holders, is provided with external screw thread, and swivel nut is also threaded in rotating bar, sliding sleeve is slidably fitted on the slide bar;The lower end of the sliding sleeve is installed with mounting plate, the lower left side of mounting plate is vertically-mounted limiting plate, rack is slidably fitted on the right side of limiting plate, the lower end of rack is installed with lifter plate, the centre position of lifter plate bottom is installed with driving motor, and the output end of driving motor is installed with drilling rod.The present invention equipped with the cooperation between externally threaded rotating bar, swivel nut and sliding sleeve by driving mounting plate or so to change position, also change the position of drilling rod up and down by the cooperation between Knucle-gear and rack, it is additionally provided with mutually matched first pillar and the second pillar, improves drilling efficiency.

Description

A kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to shale gas exploitation technical field, specifically a kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment.
Background technology
Shale gas also known as tight gas reservoir gas are the natural gas resource contained in rammell for exploitation, Chinese shale gas Recoverable reserves occupies first place in the world.The formation and enrichment of shale gas have the characteristics that itself uniqueness, are often distributed in thickness in basin In larger, widespread shale hydrocarbon source rock formation.Compared with conventional natural gas, shale gas exploitation has production life of well long and production The advantage of period length, most of aerogenesis shale has a very wide distribution, thickness is big, and universal gassiness, this enables shale gas well to grow Phase with stable rate aerogenesis.
Shale gas exploitation is typically used for drilling equipment when surveying, and existing drilling equipment structure function is all relatively simple, Usually fixed shakiness when artificial drilling operation is carried out, to influence drilling effect, at the same time, existing drilling equipment is carrying out A large amount of airborne dusts are easy tod produce when drilling, not only endanger the health of operator, but also influence drilling efficiency.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipments, to solve in above-mentioned background technology The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment, including top plate;The left and right sides of the top plate is symmetrically installed with a left side The bottom of rack and right rack, top plate is also symmetrically fixedly mounted there are two holder, and the lower end of two holders is fixed by slide bar to be connected It connects;Rotating bar is provided on the downside of the top plate, rotating bar is connect with left frame, right rack and holder pivots;The rotating bar It is provided with external screw thread on shaft part between two holders, swivel nut is also threaded in rotating bar, is slided on the slide bar Sliding sleeve is installed, sliding sleeve is fixedly connected with swivel nut;The lower end of the sliding sleeve is installed with mounting plate, and the lower left side of mounting plate is perpendicular Limiting plate directly is installed, rack is slidably fitted on the right side of limiting plate, the lower right side of mounting plate is installed with mounting bracket, installation The lower end of frame is rotatablely equipped with Knucle-gear, the engagement of knuckle-tooth wheel and rack;The lower end of the rack is installed with lifter plate, lifting The centre position in board bottom portion is installed with driving motor, and the output end of driving motor is installed with drilling rod;The rotating bar Right end be installed with bent axle, turning set is rotatablely equipped on bent axle, connecting rod, the right branch are rotatably connected on turning set Cylinder body is installed on the outside of frame, the internal slide of cylinder body is equipped with piston, push rod, push rod are installed on the upside of piston Upper end and connecting rod be rotatablely connected;It is provided with suction inlet on the inside of the right support, suction inlet passes through air inlet pipe and cylinder body Inside connection, the inside of cylinder body are also communicated with exhaust pipe, and exhaust pipe and air inlet pipe upper edge gas flow direction are provided with check valve.
As a further solution of the present invention:Electric rotating machine, the output of electric rotating machine are installed on the left frame End is installed with first bevel gear.
As further scheme of the invention:The left end of the rotating bar is installed with second bevel gear, the second cone Gear is engaged with first bevel gear.
As further scheme of the invention:The rear side of the mounting bracket, which is also installed with, drives Knucle-gear rotation Rotary electric machine.
As further scheme of the invention:The left and right sides of the lifter plate bottom is symmetrically fixedly mounted that there are two the The internal slide of one pillar, the first pillar is equipped with the second pillar.
As further scheme of the invention:The upper end of second pillar is fixed by spring and the first pillar to be connected It connects, the lower end of the second pillar is installed with non-slip mat.
As further scheme of the invention:The bottom of the left frame and right rack is both provided with castor.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention by be equipped with externally threaded rotating bar, swivel nut and Cooperation between sliding sleeve drives mounting plate or so to change position, also changes drilling rod up and down by the cooperation between Knucle-gear and rack Position, be additionally provided with mutually matched first pillar and the second pillar, improve stability when drilling, will also be raised by cylinder body Dirt extracts, and improves drilling efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment.
Fig. 2 is the close-up schematic view at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the close-up schematic view at B in Fig. 1.
In figure:1- top plates, 2- left frames, 3- castors, 4- holders, 5- rotating bars, 6- swivel nuts, 7- sliding sleeves, 8- slide bars, 9- peaces Loading board, 10- limiting plates, 11- lifter plates, the first pillars of 12-, the second pillars of 13-, 14- non-slip mats, 15- springs, 16- driving electricity Machine, 17- drilling rods, 18- bent axles, 19- turning sets, 20- connecting rods, 21- push rods, 22- cylinder bodies, 23- pistons, 24- exhaust pipes, 25- The right rack of air inlet pipe, 26-, 27- suction inlets, 28- electric rotating machines, 29- first bevel gears, 30- second bevel gears, 31- racks, 32- mounting brackets, 33- Knucle-gears.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig.1~3, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment, including top plate 1;Institute The left and right sides for stating top plate 1 is symmetrically installed with left frame 2 and right rack 26, and the bottom of top plate 1 is also symmetrically installed with The lower end of two holders 4, two holders 4 is fixedly connected by slide bar 8;The downside of the top plate 1 is provided with rotating bar 5, rotation Bar 5 is rotatablely connected with left frame 2, right rack 26 and holder 4, and electric rotating machine 28, electric rotating are installed on the left frame 2 The output end of machine 28 is installed with first bevel gear 29, and the left end of the rotating bar 5 is installed with second bevel gear 30, the Two bevel gears 30 engage with first bevel gear 29, to make the rotation of electric rotating machine 28 that rotating bar 5 be driven to rotate;The rotating bar 5 It is provided with external screw thread on shaft part between two holders 4, is also threaded with swivel nut 6 in rotating bar 5, on the slide bar 8 Be slidably fitted with sliding sleeve 7, sliding sleeve 7 is fixedly connected with swivel nut 6, when rotating bar 5 rotates clockwise by swivel nut 6 drive sliding sleeve 7 to It moves right, drives sliding sleeve 7 to be moved to the left by swivel nut 6 when rotating bar 5 rotates counterclockwise;The lower end of the sliding sleeve 7 is fixedly mounted There is mounting plate 9, the lower left side of mounting plate 9 is vertically-mounted to have limiting plate 10, the right side of limiting plate 10 to be slidably fitted with rack 31, peace The lower right side of loading board 9 is installed with mounting bracket 32, and the lower end of mounting bracket 32 is rotatablely equipped with Knucle-gear 33, Knucle-gear 33 and tooth Item 31 engages, and the rear side of mounting bracket 32 is also installed with the rotary electric machine for driving Knucle-gear 33 to rotate;Under the rack 31 End is installed with lifter plate 11, and the left and right sides of 11 bottom of lifter plate is symmetrically fixedly mounted there are two the first pillar 12, and first The internal slide of pillar 12 is equipped with the second pillar 13, and the upper end of the second pillar 13 is fixed by spring 15 and the first pillar 12 to be connected It connects, the lower end of the second pillar 13 is installed with non-slip mat 14;The centre position of 11 bottom of the lifter plate is also installed with The output end of driving motor 16, driving motor 16 is installed with drilling rod 17, to carry out borehole investigations to rock;The rotation The right end of bar 5 is installed with bent axle 18, and turning set 19 is rotatablely equipped on bent axle 18, connection is rotatably connected on turning set 19 The outside of bar 20, the right support 26 is installed with cylinder body 22, and the internal slide of cylinder body 22 is equipped with piston 23, piston 23 Upside is installed with push rod 21, and upper end and the connecting rod 20 of push rod 21 are rotatablely connected, to make the rotation band piston of bent axle 18 23 move up and down in the inside of cylinder body 22;The inside of the right support 26 is provided with suction inlet 27, and suction inlet 27 passes through air inlet pipe 25 are connected to the inside of cylinder body 22, and the inside of cylinder body 22 is also communicated with exhaust pipe 24,25 upper edge gas of exhaust pipe 24 and air inlet pipe Flow direction is provided with check valve, and so as to gas backstreaming, the dust that drill hole generates is pumped discharge when piston 23 moves up and down; The bottom of the left frame 2 and right rack 26 is both provided with castor 3, so as to the movement of device.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent requirements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment, which is characterized in that including top plate(1);The top plate(1)Left and right two Side is symmetrically installed with left frame(2)With right rack(26), top plate(1)Bottom be also symmetrically fixedly mounted there are two holder (4), two holders(4)Lower end pass through slide bar(8)It is fixedly connected;The top plate(1)Downside be provided with rotating bar(5), turn Lever(5)With left frame(2), right rack(26)And holder(4)Rotation connection;The rotating bar(5)Positioned at two holders(4)It Between shaft part on be provided with external screw thread, rotating bar(5)On be also threaded with swivel nut(6), the slide bar(8)On be slidably fitted with Sliding sleeve(7), sliding sleeve(7)With swivel nut(6)It is fixedly connected;The sliding sleeve(7)Lower end be installed with mounting plate(9), mounting plate (9)Lower left side vertically-mounted have limiting plate(10), limiting plate(10)Right side be slidably fitted with rack(31), mounting plate(9) Lower right side be installed with mounting bracket(32), mounting bracket(32)Lower end be rotatablely equipped with Knucle-gear(33), Knucle-gear(33) With rack(31)Engagement;The rack(31)Lower end be installed with lifter plate(11), lifter plate(11)The interposition of bottom It sets and is installed with driving motor(16), driving motor(16)Output end be installed with drilling rod(17);The rotating bar(5) Right end be installed with bent axle(18), bent axle(18)On be rotatablely equipped with turning set(19), turning set(19)Upper rotation connection There is connecting rod(20), the right support(26)Outside be installed with cylinder body(22), cylinder body(22)Internal slide be equipped with Piston(23), piston(23)Upside be installed with push rod(21), push rod(21)Upper end and connecting rod(20)Rotation connection; The right support(26)Inside be provided with suction inlet(27), suction inlet(27)Pass through air inlet pipe(25)With cylinder body(22)Inside Connection, cylinder body(22)Inside be also communicated with exhaust pipe(24), exhaust pipe(24)And air inlet pipe(25)Upper edge gas flow direction It is provided with check valve.
2. shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the left frame(2)On It is installed with electric rotating machine(28), electric rotating machine(28)Output end be installed with first bevel gear(29).
3. shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the rotating bar(5)'s Left end is installed with second bevel gear(30), second bevel gear(30)With first bevel gear(29)Engagement.
4. shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mounting bracket(32)'s Rear side is also installed with drive Knucle-gear(33)The rotary electric machine of rotation.
5. shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lifter plate(11)Bottom Symmetrically there are two the first pillars for fixed installation for the left and right sides in portion(12), the first pillar(12)Internal slide be equipped with second Column(13).
6. shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that second pillar(13) Upper end pass through spring(15)With the first pillar(12)It is fixedly connected, the second pillar(13)Lower end be installed with non-slip mat (14).
7. shale gas exploitation exploration drilling equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the left frame(2)With Right rack(26)Bottom be both provided with castor(3).
CN201810453310.7A 2018-05-14 2018-05-14 Drilling device for shale gas exploitation survey Active CN108661546B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810453310.7A CN108661546B (en) 2018-05-14 2018-05-14 Drilling device for shale gas exploitation survey

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810453310.7A CN108661546B (en) 2018-05-14 2018-05-14 Drilling device for shale gas exploitation survey

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CN108661546A true CN108661546A (en) 2018-10-16
CN108661546B CN108661546B (en) 2020-01-03

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109252812A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-22 栾勇 A kind of self-propelled surface drilling device of pumping fixed
CN111021953A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-04-17 深圳市律远汇智科技有限公司 High rock drill of security convenient to remove and fix

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4488729A (en) * 1983-09-08 1984-12-18 Step Design Drill box
CN2559686Y (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-07-09 耿文华 Multifunction messenger
CN107489374A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-12-19 刘小华 A kind of building lot construction adjustable drilling aperture apparatus
CN208252025U (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-12-18 廊坊市穿山甲工程机械有限公司 Drilling equipment is used in a kind of exploration of shale gas exploitation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4488729A (en) * 1983-09-08 1984-12-18 Step Design Drill box
CN2559686Y (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-07-09 耿文华 Multifunction messenger
CN107489374A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-12-19 刘小华 A kind of building lot construction adjustable drilling aperture apparatus
CN208252025U (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-12-18 廊坊市穿山甲工程机械有限公司 Drilling equipment is used in a kind of exploration of shale gas exploitation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109252812A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-01-22 栾勇 A kind of self-propelled surface drilling device of pumping fixed
CN111021953A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-04-17 深圳市律远汇智科技有限公司 High rock drill of security convenient to remove and fix

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Effective date of registration: 20191209

Address after: No.02, building 31, No.4 and No.6, Baiguang Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100032

Applicant after: Beijing CNOOC Energy Investment Co., Ltd.

Address before: No. 8 Road, Xindu Xindu District of Chengdu city of Sichuan Province in 610500

Applicant before: Southwest Petroleum University

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