CN108583740A - A kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer and method - Google Patents

A kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108583740A
CN108583740A CN201810326538.XA CN201810326538A CN108583740A CN 108583740 A CN108583740 A CN 108583740A CN 201810326538 A CN201810326538 A CN 201810326538A CN 108583740 A CN108583740 A CN 108583740A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bicycle
sliding block
wheel
shaft
locking plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810326538.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶来华
陈士安
项春
祁海波
李开荣
方威立
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Original Assignee
Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power filed Critical Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Priority to CN201810326538.XA priority Critical patent/CN108583740A/en
Publication of CN108583740A publication Critical patent/CN108583740A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H3/00Separate supports or holders for parking or storing cycles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/005Garages for vehicles on two wheels

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer and method, multiple jiffy stands are arranged in axial restraint along two shafts, each jiffy stand middle is fixedly attached by a cutting ferrule outside shaft, each jiffy stand is designed with two bicycle parking positions, two bicycle parking bit architectures are identical, it is equipped with a front-wheel on each parking track inner segment and fixes sliding block, it is equipped with a trailing wheel in outer segment and fixes sliding block, cutting ferrule is equipped with rotating shaft position sensor, front-wheel fixes sliding block and is equipped with trigger sensor, trailing wheel fixes sliding block and is equipped with whether have vehicle sensor, sensor is all connected with controller, controller connects transposition motor through control line;It when shaft is in a fixed position, is arranged symmetrically before and after two bicycle parking positions, for parking track perpendicular to ground, bicycle rear baffle is parallel to the ground;Jiffy stand can be turned to superjacent air space after parking bicycle, reserve ground space, be not take up floor area, control is simple, securely and reliably.

Description

A kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to bicycle parking facility, specifically a kind of unilateral side stereo bicycle parking device can store number The more bicycle of amount.
Background technology
Arbitrarily parking for a large amount of bicycles, seriously affects public transport order.To solve this problem, it has a kind of double Laminar jiffy stand, is arranged the horizontal positioned jiffy stand of upper layer and lower layer on column, and two layers of jiffy stand passes through close to column one end Slide assemblies are connected with the steel wire rope of hoisting mechanism, and second layer jiffy stand may be implemented along gliding on column by hoisting mechanism It is dynamic.The two-layer equation jiffy stand the problem is that:1, bicycle inconvenience is picked and placeed, when parking, if second layer jiffy stand stop over Good vehicle, when bicycle being needed to be parked in first layer jiffy stand, very important person with it is hand steered live the one end of second layer jiffy stand far from column again Start hoisting mechanism;When taking, if the bicycle on second layer jiffy stand need to be taken, the hand steered firmly second layer jiffy stand of very important person Restart hoisting mechanism in one end far from column.2, bicycle is unstable when upper layer lifts, and easily shakes.3, horizontal positioned jiffy stand One end is connected with slide assemblies, is easy to cause device deformation failure, and the outer end of jiffy stand is exposed on the outside, it is easy to collide Pedestrian, there are security risks.
Invention content
The present invention stops taking for existing bicycle existing picks and places that vehicle is inconvenient, lifting is unstable, there are security risks etc. to ask Topic proposes a kind of convertible bilateral bicycle parking of single layer simple in structure, accessing convenient and reliable maximization saving floor area The access method of device and bicycle.
In order to solve above-mentioned realistic problem, the technology that a kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer of the present invention uses Scheme is:Middle is a fixed vertical in being equipped with transposition motor, transposition motor output shaft on the head tree on ground, head tree Left and right end be respectively fixedly and coaxially connected the shaft of a left and right horizontal, multiple jiffy stands are arranged in the axial restraint along two shafts, Each jiffy stand middle is fixedly attached by a cutting ferrule outside shaft, and each jiffy stand is designed with two bicycle parkings Position, sliding block is fixed in each bicycle parking position by a parking track, front-wheel, a trailing wheel fixes sliding block, one from Driving rear wheel damper, a turning of bicycle column supporting rack and a U-shaped fork composition, turning of bicycle column supporting rack and parking rail Road faces each other and parallel, and the inner end of the two is all fixedly connected with cutting ferrule;The outer end extension one of each steering column support frame is U-shaped Fork, the outer end of each parking track is fixedly connected with a bicycle rear baffle;It is equipped with one on each parking track inner segment It is equipped with a trailing wheel on a front-wheel fixation sliding block, outer segment and fixes sliding block, front-wheel fixes sliding block and trailing wheel fixes sliding block energy edge Parking track sliding;Two bicycle parking bit architectures are identical, and cutting ferrule is equipped with rotating shaft position sensor, and front-wheel fixes sliding block It is equipped with trigger sensor, trailing wheel fixes sliding block and is equipped with whether have vehicle sensor, these three sensors are all connected with controller, control Device processed connects transposition motor through control line;When shaft is in a fixed position, it is arranged symmetrically, stops before and after two bicycle parking positions Perpendicular to ground, bicycle rear baffle is parallel to the ground in track road.
Further, it is bilateral symmetry that front-wheel, which fixes sliding block and trailing wheel fixation sliding block, includes respectively that left and right side limits Plate, bottom plate, two locking plate framves, two locking plates, two torque springs and two electromagnet, bottom plate can be slided along parking track and bottom Plate or so end is respectively fixedly connected with left and right side limiting plate, and each locking plate frame is L-type structure, during the bending part of L-type structure is cased with The front and back locking plate frame shaft being arranged of mandrel, locking plate frame shaft are fixedly connected with left and right side limiting plate, and locking plate frame can turn around locking plate frame Shaft rotation is dynamic;An electromagnet is inlayed in each fixation on left and right side limiting plate, and two electromagnet are connected with controller;Locking plate The long side of frame is close to electromagnet and can be by electromagnetic actuation;The short side of locking plate frame closes locking plate in this face paste towards bottom plate, Locking plate is being cased with the locking plate shaft parallel with locking plate frame shaft outside this end of locking plate frame long side, and locking plate can be around locking plate shaft Rotation, locking plate shaft fixed connection lock horse are also cased with torque spring in locking plate shaft, and one of torque spring twists leg and rests against On locking plate, another, which twists leg, rests in the long side of locking plate frame, two locking plates symmetrically towards other side extend and between stay There is gap.
The bicycle parking method of parking device for cycles of the present invention the technical solution adopted is that:
A, front wheel push-in front-wheel is fixed in sliding block, bicycle front wheel presses to two locking plates in left and right, controller It controls front-wheel and fixes sliding electromagnet energization in the block, locking plate frame is sucked, limits front wheel;
B, it pushes the machine upward, front wheel drives front-wheel to fix sliding block along parking track upward sliding, bicycle Steering column is taken advantage of a situation into U-shaped fork, and bicycle rear, which is also taken advantage of a situation, to be fixed into trailing wheel in sliding block, and controller controls trailing wheel and fixes cunning Electromagnet in the block is powered, and limits bicycle rear, bicycle is supported integrally on bicycle rear baffle.
The bicycle pick-up method of parking device for cycles of the present invention the technical solution adopted is that:
A, controller control trailing wheel fixes sliding two electromagnet power-off in the block, and suction disappears, picks up the car in bicycle rear Under the action of power, trailing wheel is fixed sliding locking plate frame in the block and is rotated with locking plate, and bicycle rear leaves trailing wheel and fixes sliding block;Control Device controls trailing wheel and fixes sliding two electromagnet energization in the block again, and locking plate frame resets;
B, front-wheel is fixed sliding block and is declined along parking track, and trigger sensor touches trailing wheel and fixes sliding block, controller control Front-wheel processed fixes sliding two electromagnet power-off in the block, and front-wheel is fixed sliding two locking plate framves in the block and rotated with locking plate, voluntarily Back wheels of vehicle leaves front-wheel and fixes sliding block;Controller controls front-wheel and fixes sliding two electromagnet energization in the block again, and locking plate frame resets.
The bicycle parking pick-up method of parking device for cycles of the present invention the technical solution adopted is that:When voluntarily After vehicle is stored, controller first controls driving motor work, and driving lock pin, which moves downward, exits concave locked groove;Transposition electricity is controlled again Machine rotates in the forward direction, and jiffy stand is driven to rotate in the forward direction 180 °, all jiffy stands is turned to upper space, transposition motor stops work Make, driving motor driving lock pin locks shaft in moving upwards into concave locked groove;When picking up the car, controller first controls driving lock Pin exits concave locked groove, then controls transposition motor reverse rotation, and all jiffy stands are all turned to lower space;Later, it replaces Motor is stopped, and driving motor driving lock pin locks shaft in moving upwards into concave locked groove.
The present invention this have the advantage that after using above-mentioned technical proposal:
1, each jiffy stand in apparatus of the present invention has former and later two parking stalls, can be turned to after parking bicycle Superjacent air space is not take up floor area to leave ground space.
2, the component mounting arrangement in apparatus of the present invention is compact, and component installation fully considers interchangeability principle, is convenient for device The repair and maintenance in later stage.
3, present invention control is simple, tilt-stable, securely and reliably, can easily be picked and placeed as long as by pressing function button Bicycle.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of three-dimensional structure diagram of the convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the assembling structure enlarged drawing of transposition motor 9 in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is 4 left and right ends of shaft and bearing assembly 3, the assembling structure enlarged drawing for the locking device that replaces in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that a bicycle parking rack 5 assembles enlarged drawing in the radial structure of rotation process in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is stereochemical structure enlarged drawing of two parking stalls when underlying space is static in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the schematic enlarged-scale view that front-wheel fixes sliding block 33 in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the schematic enlarged-scale view that trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29 in Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is the control block diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is that a parking stall in Fig. 5 is parked the stereochemical structure of the amplification after bicycle and is intended to;
Figure 10 is that overturning to the stereochemical structure after superjacent air space is shown after apparatus of the present invention described in Fig. 1 park bicycle It is intended to.
In figure:1-awning;2-right side columns;3-bearing assemblies;4-shafts;5-jiffy stands;6-head trees;7-deposit Extract operation panel;8-left side columns;9-transposition motors;10-controllers;11-head tree supporting rods;12-bearings;13-is recessed Type locked groove;14-sliding rails;15-1-transposition motor armature spindle;15-2-transposition motor stator;16-shaft couplings;17-nuts; 18-upper ball covers;19-upper bearing (metal)s;20-connection bolts;21-sealing rubber covers;22-lower bearings;23-lower ball covers; 24-lock pins;25-ball nuts;26-transposition locking device driving motors;27-transposition locking devices drive leading screw;29— Trailing wheel fixes sliding block;30-turning of bicycle column supporting racks;31-ground arc pits;32-bicycle rear baffles;33— Front wheel fixes sliding block;34-U-shaped forks;35-rotating shaft position sensors;36-cutting ferrules;37-parking tracks;48-is right Side limiting plate;49-locking plate framves;49-3-locking plate frame shaft;49-4-locking plate frame rotating shaft supporting seat;49-5-locking plate shaft; 49-6-locking plate rotating shaft supporting seat;50-locking plates;51-slider bores;52-bottom plates;53-trigger sensors;54-torsion bullets Spring;55-electromagnet;56-left side limiting plates;57-locking plate framves;57-3-locking plate frame shaft;57-4-locking plate frame rotating shaft support Seat;57-5-locking plate shaft;57-6-locking plate rotating shaft supporting seat;58-electromagnet;59-torque springs;60-right sides limit Plate;61-bottom plates;62-left side limiting plates;Whether 63-have vehicle sensor;64-locking plates;66-front wheels;67-certainly Driving steering column;68-bicycle rears.
Specific implementation mode
For ease of understanding, it is specified that the dimensional orientation of the present invention:Referring to Fig. 1, it is specified that being that left and right is lateral with the axial direction of shaft 4, With the horizontal radial of shaft 4 for front and back longitudinal direction, using the radial center position of shaft 4 as "inner", with the radial center far from shaft 4 It is upper with shaft 4, under being with ground to be vertical perpendicular to ground direction for "outside".
Shown in Figure 1, stereo bicycle parking device of the present invention is integrally located at the lower section of awning 1, the front and back end of awning 1 It is respectively the reinforcing rib that protruding longitudinal cross-section is arc-shaped, to shelter from stereo bicycle parking device of the present invention.
The middle of apparatus of the present invention is a fixed vertical in the head tree 6 on ground, and the upper end of head tree 6 is coaxially fixed Head tree supporting rod 11 is connected, the left side of head tree 6 is equipped with fixed vertical in the left side column 8 on ground, and right side is equipped with fixed vertical Right side column 2 in ground, left side column 8 and right side column 2 are symmetrically arranged relative to head tree 6, left side column 8 and right side column 2 Upper end level it is equal with the upper end level of head tree supporting rod 11, and left side column 8, right side column 2 and head tree supporting rod 11 Upper end be fixedly connected on awning 1, support awning 1 jointly.
Head tree 6 is a cylinder, and transposition motor 9 and controller 10 are housed thereon.Head tree 6 is in artificial operable height The surface at place is embedded with accessing operation panel 7.
The revolvable shaft 4 that a left and right horizontal is connected between left side column 8 and head tree 6, on right side, column 2 and master are vertical The revolvable shaft 4 of another left and right horizontal is connected between column 6.The central shaft of two shafts 4 is conllinear, and structure is identical and common Rotation.Wherein, the left end of a shaft 4 in left side is fixedly and coaxially connected by the connection of bearing assembly 3 left side column 8, a right end The left end of 9 output shaft of transposition motor;The right end of another shaft 4 on right side connects the right side by another identical bearing assembly 3 Lateral column 2, left end are fixedly and coaxially connected the right end of 9 output shaft of the same transposition motor.Therefore, when transposition motor 9 works, simultaneously Two shafts 4 of its left and right sides are driven to rotate coaxially.
In two shafts 4, the jiffy stand 5 of multiple bicycles is set along the axial direction of shaft 4, is stopped in the same shaft 4 Vehicle frame 5 is equidistantly arranged, and the spacing between two neighboring jiffy stand 5 is arranged by the minimum value for not influencing Transport Vehicle.Each stop The middle of vehicle frame 5 all fixing sleeves are in shaft 4, and when shaft 4 rotates, each jiffy stand 5 is simultaneously with rotation.
Referring to Fig. 2, the transposition motor 9 of the cylindrical inside installation left and right horizontal of head tree 6, transposition motor 9 includes armature spindle 15-1 and external stator 15-2, external stator 15-2 are located at outside armature spindle 15-1, and are fixedly connected with head tree 6.Armature spindle 15-1 Left and right be horizontally arranged in external stator 15-2 by 2 bearings 12.It arranges to armature spindle 15-1 left and right horizontals, armature spindle 15-1 Output shaft left end output shaft by a shaft coupling 16 be fixedly and coaxially connected left side shaft 4 right end, armature spindle 15-1's Output shaft right end is fixedly and coaxially connected the left end of the shaft 4 on right side by second shaft coupling 16, keeps two of the left and right sides same The shaft 4 of axis is concatenated by armature spindle 15-1.When armature spindle 15-1 is rotated, while two shafts 4 being driven to rotate coaxially.
Two shafts 4 are supported on by corresponding bearing assembly 3 on left side column 8 and right side column 2.By taking right side column 2 as an example, ginseng See Fig. 3, bearing assembly 3 by being formed in upper ball cover 18, upper bearing (metal) 19, lower bearing 22, the lower ball cover 23 of semicircular arc-shaped, Wherein coaxially fixation is snugly sleeved on the inner wall of upper ball cover 18 for the outer ring of upper bearing (metal) 19, and the outer ring of lower bearing 22 is coaxially fixed It being snugly sleeved on the inner wall of lower ball cover 23, upper ball cover 18 and lower ball cover 23 are fixed together with right side column 2, on Bearing cap 18 and lower ball cover 23 are symmetrical above and below with respect to the center of shaft 4, and the center of upper ball cover 18 and lower ball cover 23 The centerline collineation of line and shaft 4.Upper bearing (metal) 19 and lower bearing 22 are symmetrical above and below with respect to the center of shaft 4, and the end of shaft 4 is total With socket upper bearing (metal) 19 and lower bearing 22, it is fitted close with upper bearing (metal) 19 and lower bearing 22.Upper ball cover 18 and lower ball cover 23 Between by connect bolt 20 be fixedly connected with nut 17, connection bolt 20 at gap with sealing rubber cover 21 package, really Confidential letter.
At the end outer surface for the shaft 4 being connected with upper bearing (metal) 19 and lower bearing 22, it is equipped with symmetrical above and below two A concave locked groove 13, two concave locked grooves 13 differ 180 degree.Wherein, it is equipped with and changes at the underface of the concave locked groove 13 of lower section Position locking device, transposition locking device can extend upwardly into concave locked groove 13, lock shaft 4 by concave locked groove 13, make shaft 4 It cannot rotate.Transposition locking device is made of driving motor 26, lead screw 27, ball nut 25 and lock pin 24, driving motor 26 Output shaft is vertical up and down, perpendicular with the central shaft of shaft 4, and the output shaft of driving motor 26 is fixedly and coaxially connected lead screw 27, silk Bar 27 is matched with ball nut 25, and the surface of ball nut 25 is fixedly connected with lock pin 24, and the upper end of lock pin 24 passes through lower axle The through-hole on 22 and lower ball cover 23 is held, can be stretched into the concave locked groove 13 of lower section.When driving motor 26 works, drive is by silk When the leading screw and nut mechanism movement that bar 27 and ball nut 25 form, the upper end of lock pin 24 passes through lower bearing 22 and lower ball cover 23 On through-hole after can stretch into the concave locked groove 13 of lower section, to lock shaft 4.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the middle of each jiffy stand 5 is a cutting ferrule 36, and each jiffy stand 5 is blocked by one Set 36 is fixedly attached to outside shaft 4, and cutting ferrule 36 is fitted close with shaft 4, drives jiffy stand 5 with 4 common rotation of shaft.
Each jiffy stand 5 is designed with two bicycle parking positions, each bicycle parking position by a parking track 37, One front-wheel fixes 33, trailing wheels of sliding block and fixes 32, one, the bicycle rear baffle turning of bicycle column branch of sliding block 29, one Support 30 and a U-shaped fork 34 collectively constitute.
Turning of bicycle column supporting rack 30 in each parking stall faces each other and parallel with parking track 37, the two it is interior End is all fixedly connected on cutting ferrule 36.When shaft 4 is in a fixed position, parking track 37 is perpendicular to ground;Bicycle turns U-shaped structure is formed between column supporting rack 30 and the parking track faced 37, the opening of the U-shaped structure is upward or lower section.
Two parking tracks 37 of two bicycle parking positions are installed back-to-back, are fixedly connected into an entirety.As a result, two A bicycle parking position is combined into one structure with shaft 4, cutting ferrule 36.Two parking bit architectures are identical, fixed in shaft 4 When, it is arranged symmetrically before and after two parking stalls.
Installation fixes sliding block 33 there are one front-wheel on each parking track 37 and a trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29, and front-wheel is fixed Sliding block 33 is face-to-face with turning of bicycle column supporting rack 30 close to cutting ferrule 36 on the inner segment of parking track 37.Trailing wheel is fixed Sliding block 29 is in the outer segment of parking track 37, relatively in separate cutting ferrule 36 close to ground.Front-wheel fixes sliding block 33 for solid The front-wheel of the fixed bicycle firmly parked, trailing wheel fix the trailing wheel that sliding block 29 is used to fix the bicycle parked.
Each turning of bicycle column supporting rack 30 extends a U-shaped fork 34, the U of U-shaped fork 34 in the outer end far from cutting ferrule 36 Upward or lower section, but two U-shaped side walls of U-shaped fork 34 are parked along the axial left and right arrangement of shaft 4 to fork shape opening Bicycle steering column, keep bicycle parking more firm.End of each parking track 37 in the outer end far from cutting ferrule 36 It is fixedly connected with a bicycle rear baffle 32, bicycle rear baffle 32 is near near the ground, bicycle rear baffle 32 and phase The parking track 37 of connection is mutually perpendicular to, and when shaft 4 is in a fixed position, bicycle rear baffle 32 is parallel to the ground.
The middle of parking track 37 is equipped with sliding rail 14 vertical up and down, the direction in the direction and parking track 37 of sliding rail 14 Unanimously.Front-wheel fixes sliding block 33 and trailing wheel fixes 29 connecting sliding rail 14 of sliding block, and front-wheel fixes sliding block 33 and trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29 It can be slided along sliding rail 14.
Cutting ferrule 36 is equipped with rotating shaft position sensor 35, for detecting and the angle position of the shaft 4 of 36 coaxial rotating of cutting ferrule It sets.
Ground arc pit 31 is equipped on the ground below bicycle rear baffle 32, when bicycle parking position rotates When, it is avoided that bicycle rear baffle 32 and collision on the ground, the rotation of interference bicycle rear baffle 32.
Referring to Fig. 6, it is symmetrical structure that front-wheel, which fixes sliding block 33, by left side limiting plate 56, right side limiting plate 48, bottom The components such as 49,2, locking plate frame locking plate, 50,2 torque springs, 54,2 electromagnet 55 of plate 52,2 form.Its bottom plate 52 is fitted in On parking track 37, assembled with 14 phase of sliding rail on parking track 37.It is provided with slider bore 51 in the middle of bottom plate 52, stop rail Sliding rail 14 on road 37 passes through slider bore 51, forms assembling structure, front-wheel fixes sliding block 33 can be along the sliding rail on parking track 37 14 slide up and down.It is to fix the left side limiting plate 56 being connected and right side limiting plate with bottom plate 52 respectively at the end of bottom plate 52 or so 48, U-frame type of the opening towards front or right is formed, the fixation of front-wheel is facilitated.Limiting plate 56 and right side limiting plate in left side 48 are symmetrically equipped with 2 locking plate framves 49, and each locking plate frame 49 is L-type structure, and locking plate is cased in the bending part of L-type structure The front and back setting of the central shaft of frame shaft 49-3, locking plate frame shaft 49-3, parallel with bottom plate 52, locking plate frame shaft 49-3 passes through shaft Support base 49-4 is fixedly connected with left side limiting plate 56 or right side limiting plate 48, and locking plate frame 49 can turn around locking plate frame shaft 49-3 It is dynamic.
In left side, an electromagnet 55, locking plate frame are inlayed in each fixation of the middle position of limiting plate 56 and right side limiting plate 48 49 long side is facing with electromagnet 55 close to electromagnet 55, can be attracted by electromagnet 55.
The short side of locking plate frame 49 closes locking plate 50 in this face paste towards bottom plate 52, and locking plate 50 is grown close to locking plate frame 49 Locking plate shaft 49-5 is cased with outside this end on side, locking plate shaft 49-5 is parallel with locking plate frame shaft 49-3, and locking plate 50 can be around locking plate Shaft 49-5 rotations.Locking plate shaft 49-5 passes through rotating shaft supporting seat 49-6 fixed connection locks horse 49.On locking plate shaft 49-5 Set is there are one torque spring 54 simultaneously, and one of torque spring 54 twists leg and rests on locking plate 50, another, which twists leg, rests on lock In the long side of horse 49, torque spring 54 makes locking plate 50 have the spring force left relative to the long side of locking plate frame 49, and makes locking plate 50 are tightly attached on the short side of locking plate frame 49.Two locking plates 50 symmetrically towards other side extend, between there are gaps.
One trigger sensor 53 is installed at the lower end position of bottom plate 52, when front-wheel fixes 33 entirety of sliding block along parking When sliding rail 14 on track 37 slides down to certain position, trigger sensor 53 can touch trailing wheel below and fix cunning Block 29, just trigger signal.
When work, when 55 no power of electromagnet, locking plate frame 49 is rotated around locking plate frame shaft 49-3;When electromagnet 55 is powered When, electromagnet 55 is attracted the long side of locking plate frame 49, prevents locking plate frame 49 from rotating.When parking bicycle, electromagnet 55 is logical Electricity, bicycle front wheel press to two locking plates 50 and are moved towards 52 direction of bottom plate, and bicycle front wheel overcomes two torque springs 54 Spring force so that two locking plates 50 is rotated around respective locking plate shaft 49-5.After bicycle is by two locking plate 50, two locks Piece 50 is returned to original state under the action of torque spring 54, and locking plate frame 49 cannot rotate at this time, in this way, front wheel It is just fixed in the space between bottom plate 52, locking plate frame 49 and two locking plates 50.When being derived from driving, electromagnet 55 powers off, Locking plate frame 49 can rotate, and bicycle front wheel acts on the short side of locking plate 50 and locking plate frame 49, make locking plate frame 49 around locking plate The 49-3 rotations of frame shaft, the long side of locking plate frame 49 is far from electromagnet 55.When the distance between two locking plates 50 is more than front wheel When tire width, front wheel leaves front wheel and fixes sliding block 33, and then electromagnet 55 is powered, and attracts locking plate frame 49 multiple Position, to park bicycle next time.
Referring to Fig. 7, it is also symmetrical structure that trailing wheel, which fixes sliding block 29, identical as the front-wheel fixation structure of sliding block 33, It is also by left side limiting plate 62, right side limiting plate 60,57,2, locking plate frame, 64,2 torque springs 59,2 of locking plate of bottom plate 61,2 The equal components composition of a electromagnet 58.The course of work that trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29 is identical with the course of work of front-wheel fixation sliding block 33, Therefore structure and the course of work that trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29 are repeated no more.Trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29 and front-wheel fixes sliding block 33 uniquely Be a difference in that on the left side limiting plate 62 or one of right side limiting plate 60 limiting plate that trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29 It is mounted with whether there is vehicle sensor 63, corresponds to whether parked bicycle on parking track 37 for identification.
Referring to Fig. 8, whether there is vehicle sensor 63, on front-wheel fixation sliding block 33 mounted on trailing wheel fixation sliding block 29 Trigger sensor 53 and the rotating shaft position sensor 35 on cutting ferrule 36 output end pass through signal wire connection control Device 10 processed sends the signal of each self-test to controller 10.Controller 10 is also respectively connected with front-wheel and fixes sliding electromagnetism in the block Iron 55, trailing wheel fix the driving motor 26 in sliding electromagnet 58 in the block, transposition motor 9, transposition locking device, and controller 10 divides Not Kong Zhi electromagnet 55 and electromagnet 58 it is powered off and on, control the start and stop of transposition motor 9 and driving motor 26.Controller 10 It is bi-directionally connected with accessing operation panel 7, accessing operation panel 7 can input the accessing operation letter of bicycle user to controller 10 Number, form interactive interface.
Whether there is vehicle sensor 63 that will park signal on the parking track 37 of identification and is input to controller 10, via controller 10 It is shown on accessing operation panel 7, accessing operation panel 7 is equipped with vacancy parking stall indicator light and accessing operation button, passes through Parking stall indicator light guides user by bicycle storing on vacancy parking stall, preferentially by intermediate head tree 6 successively to the left and right two Side-sway is put;When pick-up, preferentially by head tree 6, both sides are picked up the car successively to the left and right successively.
Shown in Figure 9, when bicycle stops on parking stall, front wheel 66 is in front wheel and fixes cunning Inside block 33, front wheel fixes sliding block 33 66 locking of front wheel;Turning of bicycle column 67 is stretched outside the U of U-shaped fork 34 In type mouth, 34 types of U-shaped fork fork stabilizes turning of bicycle column 67, prevents bicycle double swerve;At bicycle rear 68 voluntarily Back wheels of vehicle is fixed inside sliding block 29, and bicycle rear fixes sliding block 29 68 locking of bicycle rear;Meanwhile bicycle rear is kept off Plate 32 is parallel to the ground at this time, with cutting ferrule 36 with it is parallel, because of the effect of gravity, so that bicycle rear 68 is fallen and kept off in bicycle rear Above plate 32, bicycle rear baffle 32 supports bicycle, prevents front wheel fixation sliding block 33 and bicycle rear solid 29 long-time of fixed slider is born bicycle weight and is damaged.
Referring to Fig. 1-9, when stereo bicycle parking device of the present invention works, it is divided into bicycle parking and two mistakes of picking up the car Journey:
One, bicycle parking process:
When preparing storing bicycle, user presses the bicycle parking button on access control panel 7, and controller 10 is according to lower layer Each parking stall whether have vehicle information determine storage parking stall, and voice prompt user should bicycle parking parking stall position, same to time control Make the parking stall indicator light flicker.
When bicycle parking, user's both hands hold hundle-bar and front wheel 66 are pushed into front wheel fixation sliding block 33, bicycle front wheel 66 presses to two locking plates 50 in left and right, and bicycle front wheel 66 overcomes the bullet of left and right sides torque spring 54 Spring force makes two locking plates 50 in left and right be rotated around respective locking plate shaft 49-5.After bicycle fixes sliding block 33 by front-wheel, lock Piece 50 is returned to original state under the action of torque spring 54, and front wheel 66, which is fixed on front-wheel, fixes sliding block 33 On, limit front-wheel.Later, two electromagnet 55 of the control of controller 10 front-wheel fixation sliding block 33 are powered simultaneously, generate suction Locking plate frame 49 is sucked, locking plate limiting plate 49 limits 50 position of locking plate, ensure that front wheel 66 can not leave voluntarily Chinese herbaceous peony wheel fixes sliding block 33.Then, user's left hand is held bicycle steering handle and is up carried, and it is past that the right hand holds saddle It is pushed forward, bicycle is made integrally to be moved upward, front-wheel fixes sliding rail 14 upward sliding of the sliding block 33 on parking track 37, when certainly Driving is slowly pushed to setting and steering column when entering in the U-shaped mouth of U-shaped fork 34, and bicycle rear 68 is also taken advantage of a situation into bicycle Trailing wheel fixes sliding block 29, and trailing wheel presses to the locking plate 64 of the left and right sides, and the spring force of torque spring 59 is overcome to make the lock of the left and right sides Piece 64 is rotated around respective locking plate shaft 57-5, and after bicycle is by locking plate 64, locking plate 64 is under the action of torque spring 59 It is returned to original state, bicycle rear 68, which is fixed on bicycle rear, to be fixed on sliding block 29.Then, controller 10 controls Two electromagnet 58 are powered simultaneously, generate suction and locking plate frame 57 is sucked, 64 position of locking plate is locked, and ensure that bicycle rear 68, which can not leave bicycle rear, fixes sliding block 29, limits trailing wheel.It is parked at this point, bicycle is integrally fallen under gravity On bicycle rear baffle 32, in this way, fixing sliding block 29 by front-wheel fixation sliding block 33, trailing wheel, U-shaped fork 34 consolidates support certainly together Driving, completes the storage of bicycle.
After bicycle storing is good, bicycle is flipped up to the upper space of 4 top of shaft as needed, to reserve Sufficiently large lower space, the parking method that lower space can allow bicycle use traditional are parked on the ground of lower part, are such as schemed State shown in 10 does not have parking stall in 4 underlying space of shaft.
When bicycle needs are flipped up 4 top of shaft, controller 10 prompts neighbouring personnel to be withdrawn into safety zone. The driving motor 26 that controller 10 first controls transposition locking device works, and driving lock pin 24 moves downward, and exits recessed in shaft 4 Type locked groove 13;Then, controller 10 controls transposition motor 9 and works, and rotates in the forward direction, and bicycle is driven through shaft 4 by transposition motor 9 Jiffy stand 5 rotates in the forward direction 180 ° with shaft 4 on its sagittal plane, at this point, rotating shaft position sensor 35 detects shaft 4 and oneself Jiffy stand 5 of driving a vehicle is completed 180 ° of transpositions and is turned to, and all jiffy stands have all been turned to upper space.Later, the control of controller 10 is changed Position motor 9 be stopped, and control driving motor 26 drive lock pin 24 move upwards, into concave locked groove 13 lock shaft 4, Completion is flipped up, as shown in Figure 10.
Two, bicycle pick-up process:
If jiffy stand controls driving motor 26 and work in upper space as shown in Figure 10, controller 10, lock pin is driven 24 move downward, and exit the concave locked groove 13 in shaft 4;Then, controller 10 controls transposition motor 9 and works, and reversely rotates, by Transposition motor 9 drives bicycle parking rack 5 to reversely rotate 180 ° on its sagittal plane with shaft 4 through shaft 4, at this point, shaft Position sensor 35 detects that shaft 4 is completed 180 ° of transpositions with bicycle parking rack 5 and turned to, and all jiffy stands 5 are all turned to Lower space.Later, controller 10 controls transposition motor 9 and is stopped, and controls driving motor 26 and lock pin 24 is driven to transport upwards It is dynamic, into latching shaft 4 in concave locked groove 13.
Controller 10 controls the left and right sides electromagnet 58 that trailing wheel is fixed in sliding block 29 and powers off, and suction disappears, in bicycle Under the action of 68 pick-up power of trailing wheel, locking plate frame 57 is turned out with locking plate 64 around corresponding locking plate frame shaft 57-3, when two When distance between a locking plate 64 is more than the tyre width of bicycle rear 68, bicycle rear 68 leaves trailing wheel and fixes sliding block 29, It is powered, the locking plate frame 57 of the left and right sides is resetted, to park next time simultaneously at this point, controller 10 controls two electromagnet 58 Bicycle.
Under the action of pick-up power, front wheel fixes sliding block 33 as bicycle slowly declines along parking track 37, Front wheel and front-wheel fix the side's movement downwardly together of sliding block 33, when the trigger sensor 53 of 52 lower end of bottom plate touches voluntarily Back wheels of vehicle fixes sliding block 29, and the electromagnet 55 of the control of controller 10 left and right sides powers off simultaneously, and suction disappears, in front wheel Under the action of 66 pick-up power, the two locking plate framves 49 in left and right are turned out with locking plate 50 around corresponding locking plate frame shaft 49-3, When the distance between two locking plates 50 is more than the tyre width of front wheel 66, it is solid that front wheel 66 leaves front wheel The electromagnet 55 of fixed slider 33, the control of controller 10 left and right sides is powered simultaneously, and left and right locking plate frame 49 is resetted simultaneously, so as to Bicycle is parked next time;It is left at this point, user can easily carry out bicycle, completes to pick up the car.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer, middle is a fixed vertical in the head tree (6) on ground, It is characterized in that:Transposition motor (9) is housed, the left and right end of transposition motor (9) output shaft is respectively fixedly and coaxially connected one on head tree (6) Multiple jiffy stands (5) are arranged in the shaft (4) of root left and right horizontal, the axial restraint along two shafts (4), and each jiffy stand (5) is just Centre is all fixedly attached shaft (4) outside by a cutting ferrule (36), and each jiffy stand (5) is designed with two bicycle parking positions, Sliding block (33) is fixed in each bicycle parking position by a parking track (37), a front-wheel, a trailing wheel fixes sliding block (29), a bicycle rear baffle (32), a turning of bicycle column supporting rack (30) and U-shaped fork (34) composition, from Driving steering column support frame (30) faces each other and parallel with parking track (37), and the inner end of the two is all fixedly connected with cutting ferrule (36);The outer end of each steering column support frame (30) extends a U-shaped fork (34), and the outer end of each parking track (37) is solid Surely a bicycle rear baffle (32) is connected;Be equipped on each 37 inner segment of parking track a front-wheel fix sliding block (33), It is equipped with trailing wheel in outer segment and fixes sliding block (29), front-wheel fixes sliding block (33) and trailing wheel fixation sliding block (29) can be along stopping It slides in track road (37);Cutting ferrule (36) is equipped with rotating shaft position sensor (35), and front-wheel fixes sliding block (33) and is equipped with triggering biography Sensor (53), whether trailing wheel is fixed sliding block (29) and is equipped with has vehicle sensor (63), these three sensors to be all connected with controller (10), controller (10) is through control line connection transposition motor (9);Two bicycle parking bit architectures are identical, are in shaft (4) It when fixed position, is arranged symmetrically before and after two bicycle parking positions, parking track (37) is perpendicular to ground, bicycle rear baffle (32) parallel to the ground.
2. the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of a kind of single layer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Front-wheel is solid It is bilateral symmetry that fixed slider (33) and trailing wheel, which fix sliding block (29), includes respectively left and right side limiting plate, bottom plate, two locks Horse, two locking plates, two torque springs and two electromagnet, bottom plate can be slided along parking track 37 and bottom plate or so end difference It is fixedly connected with left and right side limiting plate, each locking plate frame is L-type structure, and the bending part of L-type structure is cased with the front and back setting of central shaft Locking plate frame shaft, locking plate frame shaft is fixedly connected with left and right side limiting plate, and locking plate frame can be rotated around locking plate frame shaft;It is left, An electromagnet is inlayed in each fixation on the limiting plate of right side, and two electromagnet are connected with controller 10;The long side of locking plate frame is leaned on Nearly electromagnet and can be by electromagnetic actuation;The short side of locking plate frame closes locking plate in this face paste towards bottom plate, and locking plate is close The locking plate shaft parallel with locking plate frame shaft is cased with outside this end of locking plate frame long side, locking plate can be rotated around locking plate shaft, locking plate Shaft fixed connection lock horse, is also cased with torque spring in locking plate shaft, and one of torque spring twists leg and rests on locking plate, Another, which twists leg, rests in the long side of locking plate frame, two locking plates symmetrically towards other side extend and between there are gaps.
3. the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of a kind of single layer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Head tree (6) shaft (4) on the left of is supported on by a bearing assembly (3) on left side column (8), and the shaft (4) on the right side of head tree (6) is logical It crosses another bearing assembly (3) to be supported on right side column (2), left side column (8) and right side column (2) are relative to head tree (6) left and right It is arranged symmetrically and fixed vertical is in ground.
4. the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of a kind of single layer according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:It is supported on The side surface of shaft (4) at left side column (8) and right side column (2) is equipped with two concave locked grooves (13) symmetrical above and below, lower section Concave locked groove (13) underface at be equipped with transposition locking device, controller (10) can control replace locking device can stretch upwards Enter concave locked groove (to lock the rotation of shaft (4) in 13.
5. the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of a kind of single layer according to claim 4, it is characterized in that:Described Transposition locking device is made of driving motor (26), lead screw (27), ball nut (25) and lock pin (24), and driving motor (26) is even Controller (10) is connect, the output shaft of driving motor (26) is fixedly and coaxially connected lead screw vertical up and down (27), lead screw (27) and rolling Pearl nut (25) matches, and lock pin (24) is fixedly connected with right over ball nut (25), and the upper end of lock pin (24) can pass through axis It is stretched outside after bearing assembly () in the concave locked groove (13) of lower section.
6. the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of a kind of single layer according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:Described Bearing assembly (3) is by upper ball cover (18), upper bearing (metal) (19), lower bearing (22) and lower ball cover (23) group in semicircular arc-shaped At upper bearing (metal) (19) outer ring is coaxially fixed to fit in upper ball cover (18) inner wall, and coaxially fixation fits in for lower bearing (22) outer ring Lower ball cover (23) inner wall, upper ball cover (18) and lower ball cover (23) are fixedly connected with left side column (8) or right side column (2), are turned Axis (4) is tightly sleeved in upper bearing (metal) (19) and lower bearing (22).
7. the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of a kind of single layer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Bicycle Ground below rear wheel damper (32) is equipped with the ground arc pit for being avoided that bicycle rear baffle (32) and collision on the ground (31)。
8. a kind of parking method of the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of single layer as claimed in claim 2, feature It is to have steps of:
A, front wheel (66) push-in front-wheel is fixed in sliding block (33), bicycle front wheel (66) presses to the lock of left and right two Piece, controller (10) control the electromagnet that front-wheel is fixed in sliding block (33) and are powered, locking plate frame is sucked, limits front wheel (66);
B, it pushes the machine upward, front wheel (66) drives front-wheel to fix sliding block (33) and slid up along parking track (37) Dynamic, turning of bicycle column (67) is taken advantage of a situation into U-shaped fork (34), and bicycle rear (68) is taken advantage of a situation fixes sliding block (29) into trailing wheel In, controller (10) controls the electromagnet that trailing wheel is fixed in sliding block (29) and is powered, and limits bicycle rear (68), bicycle is whole Body is supported on bicycle rear baffle (32).
9. a kind of pick-up method of the convertible bilateral stereo bicycle parking device of single layer as claimed in claim 2, feature It is:
A, controller (10) control trailing wheel fixes two electromagnet power-off in sliding block (29), and suction disappears, in bicycle rear (66) under the action of pick-up power, the locking plate frame that trailing wheel is fixed in sliding block (29) is rotated with locking plate, and bicycle rear (66) leaves Trailing wheel fixes sliding block (29);Controller (10) controls two electromagnet that trailing wheel is fixed in sliding block (29) and is powered again, and locking plate frame is multiple Position;
B, front-wheel is fixed sliding block (33) and is declined along parking track (37), and trigger sensor (53) touches trailing wheel and fixes sliding block (29), controller (10) control front-wheel fixes two electromagnet power-off in sliding block (33), and front-wheel fixes two in sliding block (33) A locking plate frame is rotated with locking plate, and bicycle rear (66) leaves front-wheel and fixes sliding block (33);Controller (10) controls front-wheel again Two electromagnet in fixed sliding block (33) are powered, and locking plate frame resets.
10. a kind of a kind of parking pick-up side of stereo bicycle parking device of the convertible bilateral of single layer as claimed in claim 5 Method, it is characterized in that:After bicycle storing is good, controller (10) first control driving motor (26) work, driving lock pin (24) to Concave locked groove (13) is exited in lower movement;Transposition motor (9) is controlled again to rotate in the forward direction, and drives jiffy stand 5 to rotate in the forward direction 180 °, by institute There is jiffy stand (5) to be turned to upper space, transposition motor (9) is stopped, and driving motor (26) drives lock pin (24) to transport upwards It is dynamic to enter latching shaft (4) in concave locked groove (13);When picking up the car, controller (10) first controls driving lock pin (24) and exits concave Locked groove (13), then transposition motor (9) reverse rotation is controlled, all jiffy stands (5) are all turned to lower space;Transposition motor (9) it is stopped, driving motor (26) driving lock pin (24) locks shaft (4) in moving upwards into concave locked groove (13).
CN201810326538.XA 2018-04-12 2018-04-12 A kind of convertible bilateral parking device for cycles of single layer and method Pending CN108583740A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110344616A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-18 常州机电职业技术学院 Bicycle accommodates equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5772048A (en) * 1996-04-22 1998-06-30 Sopcisak; Michael Ivan Quick-release bicycle stand
JP2014177198A (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-25 Kazumiki Yoshitake Bicycle storage apparatus structure
CN107344580A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-14 华南理工大学 Vertical bicycle stop device
CN107724733A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-23 齐鲁工业大学 Shared bicycle rotary double-layer parking stake
CN107826177A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-23 长江大学 A kind of vertical jiffy stand of bicycle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5772048A (en) * 1996-04-22 1998-06-30 Sopcisak; Michael Ivan Quick-release bicycle stand
JP2014177198A (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-25 Kazumiki Yoshitake Bicycle storage apparatus structure
CN107344580A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-14 华南理工大学 Vertical bicycle stop device
CN107724733A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-23 齐鲁工业大学 Shared bicycle rotary double-layer parking stake
CN107826177A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-23 长江大学 A kind of vertical jiffy stand of bicycle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110344616A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-18 常州机电职业技术学院 Bicycle accommodates equipment

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