CN108565963A - Power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system - Google Patents

Power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108565963A
CN108565963A CN201711478040.7A CN201711478040A CN108565963A CN 108565963 A CN108565963 A CN 108565963A CN 201711478040 A CN201711478040 A CN 201711478040A CN 108565963 A CN108565963 A CN 108565963A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
information
switchgear house
analysis
power
personnel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201711478040.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108565963B (en
Inventor
黄文彬
鲁宏
李文波
柏学璋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YUNNAN YUXI ZHONGHUI POWER EQUIPMENT LLC
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YUNNAN YUXI ZHONGHUI POWER EQUIPMENT LLC
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Priority to CN201711478040.7A priority Critical patent/CN108565963B/en
Publication of CN108565963A publication Critical patent/CN108565963A/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J13/00Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network
    • H02J13/00001Circuit arrangements for providing remote indication of network conditions, e.g. an instantaneous record of the open or closed condition of each circuitbreaker in the network; Circuit arrangements for providing remote control of switching means in a power distribution network, e.g. switching in and out of current consumers by using a pulse code signal carried by the network characterised by the display of information or by user interaction, e.g. supervisory control and data acquisition systems [SCADA] or graphical user interfaces [GUI]

Abstract

To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance systems, including:Front-end information collection system and centralized control system.The front-end information collection system includes:Power grid detecting system, coordinate monitoring system, environmental monitoring system, security protection system, firefighting monitoring system, remote dialogue command system and information carrying means.The centralized control system includes:Information receiver, power system monitor analysis system, warning device and display system.Described information reception device is used for the information that receiving front-end Information Collection System is sent out, and is sent to power system monitor analysis system.The power system monitor analysis system sends corresponding information according to pre-set programs forward end Information Collection System, warning device and display system.The information that display system is sent according to pre-set programs and power system monitor analysis system carries out operation of power networks parameter information and shows, and can carry out remote user access.

Description

Power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system
Technical field
The invention belongs to grid operating monitoring technical fields, and in particular to a kind of power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system.
Background technology
Power distribution network be in entire power grid it is largest, be related to the most wide part of area, power distribution network has become electric system confession The final embodiment of the important indicators such as electric energy power, power quality and power supply reliability.With distribution network construction gradually upgrading and add By force, structure reaches its maturity, but also more voluminous is complicated.Power grid is inevitably influenced by failure and causes to have a power failure, Social life production is influenced, or even the major accident for endangering national security can be caused.Power distribution network is related to customer power supply and safely may be used By property, the operation and maintenance of power distribution network are particularly significant, have in the operation and maintenance of power distribution network:
1, walkaround inspection
(1) daily walkaround inspection.Overhead transmission line, cable run, box-type substation, switchgear house, ring main unit, the electricity of power distribution network The equipment such as cable distribution box are according to the daily walkaround inspection of related regulatory requirements.
(2) seasonal walkaround inspection.Such as the walkaround inspection before rainy season, the walkaround inspection etc. before and after special climate.
(3) particularity (supervision property) walkaround inspection.Such as the walkaround inspection after rainy season, the tour inspection after natural calamity It looks into, protects the walkaround inspection etc. of power supply.
2, regular inspection prerun.
(1) overhead transmission line insulator Insulation test.
(2) preventive trial of cable run.
(3) preventive trial of breaker, arrester.
(4) box-type substation, switchgear house protection and the periodic inspection of automatic device.The preventive trial of electrical equipment.
(5) preventive trial of the equipment such as ring main unit, cable distribution box.
3, defect elimination
According to the defect that walkaround inspection is found, Classification Management is carried out to defect, separates general defect, significant deficiency, urgent Defect, according to its important and urgency level, planned tissue defects are eliminated.
4, it overhauls
According to the overhead transmission line of power distribution network, cable run, box-type substation, switchgear house, ring main unit, cable distribution box etc. The tour situation of equipment the problem of to finding, proposes maintenance application to owner, according to the repair schedule that owner ratifies, is matched The maintenance of grid equipment.Such as trees pruning, felling in removable parts accessory, local channel.
5, it repairs
(1) equipment fault is repaired.
(2) repairing after natural calamity.
6, emergency disposal
According to the method for operation of power distribution network, when accident occurs, according to what is formulated in advance《Emergency disposal scheme》Into Row disposition.Such as unexpected power failure, earthquake, flood, fire, disaster.
7, power supply is protected
For some great meetings, politics, large-scale public good, guarantor's powered operation of business activity, to ensure correlated activation It is smoothed out.
Existing power distribution network carries out above-mentioned operation and maintenance, usually as unit of a certain region of power distribution network or a certain section It carries out, lacks effective unified supervision.It is checked in addition, the inspection of power distribution network needs a large amount of personnel to carry out scene, once missing inspection It is easy for, there are security risk, the especially very high switchgear house of controller switching equipment concentration degree, being particularly susceptible and missing inspection situation occur.Together When, existing power grid operational system lacks effectively supervision, guidance and monitoring for the execute-in-place of power grid maintenance personnel, once personnel Maloperation, backstage personnel are difficult to know situation at the first time, and being typically necessary could carry out until operation problem occurs in power grid It reversely traces, takes time and effort.Also, there is also serious security risks possibly even to cause safe thing for the maloperation of Field Force Therefore.
Invention content
The present invention lacks effective unified supervision for existing power distribution network operation and maintenance, a large amount of personnel is needed to carry out The monitoring of at least one in the problem of scene is checked, lacks effectively supervision, guidance and to(for) the execute-in-place of power grid maintenance personnel, A kind of power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system is provided, including:Mounted on switchgear house front-end information collection system and be mounted on The centralized control system of control room.
The front-end information collection system includes:Power grid detecting system, coordinate monitoring system, environmental monitoring system, safety Guard system, firefighting monitoring system, remote dialogue command system and information carrying means.The power grid detecting system, coordinate prison Viewing system, environmental monitoring system, security protection system, firefighting monitoring system, remote dialogue command system are transmitted by information and are filled It sets and information is transmitted and received to centralized control system.
The centralized control system includes:Information receiver, power system monitor analysis system, warning device and display system System.Described information reception device is used for the information that receiving front-end Information Collection System is sent out, and is sent to power system monitor analysis system System.The power system monitor analysis system is sent according to pre-set programs forward end Information Collection System, warning device and display system Corresponding information.Display system is based on WEB terminal, according to the information that pre-set programs and power system monitor analysis system are sent, carries out electricity Network operation parameter information is shown, and can carry out remote user access.
Further, the centralized control system can receive the letter from 2 or 2 or more front-end information collection systems Breath, and shown respectively according to switchgear house number.
Further, the power grid detecting system includes:Electricity at each electric device of switchgear house, grid nodes Stream, voltage, network load etc. are used to detect the sensor of operation of power networks conventional parameter.
Further, the coordinate monitoring system includes:At least 2 be arranged close at the top of switchgear house, it is mutually flat The horizontal long rails of row setting.Being equipped on the horizontal long rails can fill along the first displacement of the horizontal longitudinal movement of track It sets.It is installed with horizontal cross track between adjacent first gearshift.The horizontal cross track is equipped with can edge The second displacement device of track horizontal cross movement.The second displacement device surface fixes peace to one end of switchgear house floor part Equipped with horizontally rotating device.It is described to horizontally rotate device surface monitor is equipped with to one end of switchgear house floor part.The prison The probe segment of visual organ can carry out horizontal or vertical direction rotation.
Further, the coordinate monitoring system includes:Security auditing module and alarm.The safety monitoring point Analysing module includes:Dressing safety analysis, safe operation analysis.The security auditing module connects with centralized control system signal It connects.
Further, the dressing safety analysis includes:It sends and asks to centralized control system first, obtain operating personnel The operation task carried out into switchgear house.It is then based on graphic correlation technology, it is right according to operating personnel's figure that monitor obtains The protective garment for meeting operation task requirement whether is dressed than analysis operating personnel.As met the anti-of operation task requirement not dress Shield clothes then send alarm command to alarm, and send warning message to centralized control system.
Further, the safe operation, which is analyzed, includes:It sends and asks to centralized control system first, obtain operating personnel The operation task carried out into switchgear house.It is then based on graphic correlation technology, it is right according to operating personnel's figure that monitor obtains Whether there are apparent violation or high risk operation than analysis operating personnel.Such as there is apparent violation or high risk operation, then to alarm Device sends alarm command, and sends warning message to centralized control system.
Further, first gearshift, second displacement device, the probe portion for horizontally rotating device and monitor Point, it can be remotely controlled displacement or movement by receiving the instruction that centralized control system is sent out, it can also being located at by installation The displacement control system of switchgear house carries out automatic displacement or movement.
Further, the Bit andits control process of the displacement control system includes the following steps:
S1. in the switchgear house personnel channel's information to displacement control system that prestores.And according to the personnel channel's information that prestores, control First gearshift, second displacement device, the probe segment for horizontally rotating device and monitor, make the probe segment of monitor refer to To switchgear house personnel into out position.
S3. the switchgear house door open command or someone is judged whether according to image analysis technology that security protection system is sent out are received Member enters switchgear house.
S4. it is analyzed to obtain the movement tendency of personnel according to image analysis technology, and according to the switchgear house personnel channel letter that prestores The first gearshift of breath control, second displacement device, the probe segment for horizontally rotating device and monitor, make the probe of monitor Part follows personnel to move.
Further, the environmental monitoring system includes:Ambient humidity detection device, ambient temperature detection device, water ring Border detecting system.The ambient humidity detection device can be the hygronom of the indoor environment humidity for detecting switchgear house.Institute Ambient temperature detection device is stated, can be the thermometer of the indoor environment temperature for detecting switchgear house.
Further, the water environment detecting system includes:Liquid level gauge and drainage system.
Further, the liquid level gauge includes:Liquid level in the liquid level tube being connected to switchgear house earth's surface, and detection liquid level tube Detection device.The detection device sends switchgear house earth's surface liquid level information by information carrying means to centralized control system.
Further, the drainage system includes:The drinking-water pipe being connected to switchgear house earth's surface.Peace turns to have on the drinking-water pipe Suction pump.The detection device signal of the suction pump and liquid level gauge connects, and the startup of suction pump is controlled by the detection device Or it closes.
Further, the security protection system includes:The door for having installed electronic lock additional, the identification being connect with electronics lock signal System.The identifying system includes at least one of fingerprint recognition, recognition of face, the identification of ID cards.
Further, the identifying system includes at least two in fingerprint recognition, recognition of face, the identification of ID cards.At this point, Security protection system described in multi beam may include discriminance analysis device.The signal receiving end of the discriminance analysis device and the knowledge Other system signal connection, and the identification signal sent out according to identifying system is once analyzed:First, it is determined that receiving at least Whether two kinds of identification informations are to meet information, enter if meeting in next step, are sent out if wherein 1 is not meet information Alarm.Then, judge that receive at least two meet whether information corresponds to same operating personnel, the unlocking electronic lock if identical And control signal is sent to coordinate monitoring system, while being sent to centralized control system and entering switchgear house for being identified with personnel It is default to prompt identification information wrong if differed into information, and misregistration number, it is sent out after errors number reaches 3 times Go out alarm.
Further, the information that meets includes:Authentication and personnel's certification.The authentication is:Authentication information Whether the personal information into switchgear house that prestores is met, into administrative staff's certification if meeting, as not being to alarm.The people Member certification be:Whether the personal information for meeting authentication is to enter the personnel of switchgear house this period that system issues, in this way then Output meets information, as not being to prompt the incongruent related presupposed information of personnel.
Further, it after the centralized control system receives the default entrance information, can force on the display system Show the information.
Further, the default information that enters for forcing display on the display system has display window connection for 1 The information of function, after the pressure shows information when the user clicks, display system show that information is corresponding matches with the default entrance Electric room electric network information and video monitoring information.Information is shown as user does not click the pressure, then it is pre- to show that information exists for the pressure If disappearing after the time, and automatic buffer.
Further, the firefighting monitoring system includes:At switchgear house and each power equipment and grid nodes Device temperature inductor, smoke sensor device.The device temperature inductor, smoke sensor device and fire-fighting analytical equipment signal connect It connects.After the fire-fighting analytical equipment receives the alarm signal of device temperature inductor, smoke sensor device, to centralized control system Fire protection warning instruction is sent, and sends fire-fighting to fire-fighting system and seeks help instruction.The fire-fighting system can be preset fire-fighting list Position or mounted on switchgear house fire-fighting system.
Further, the remote dialogue command system includes:Expansion in switchgear house or in coordinate monitoring system Sound device, the reception device being connect by data line or wireless signal with the loudspeaker.The reception device and centralized control system Microphone or headset for being installed additional on system etc. are used to receive the device signal connection of voice messaging.
Further, described information transmitting device includes:Identification information assigns module.The module is used to concentrate to being transmitted to Information load is identified in the information of control system, and the control instruction received is identified.
Further, the described pair of information for being transmitted to centralized control system be identified information load method include:It is first The information ownership first received based on information carrying means carries out attaching information load to the information received.Then according to letter The switchgear house address where transmitting device is ceased, the information received is loaded into row address information.
Further, the method that the described pair of control instruction received is identified includes:First determine whether the letter received Whether the target address information for ceasing its load is consistent with the switchgear house address where information carrying means, is carried out if consistent next Step analysis loads the instruction that reports an error as inconsistent in the information, and returns to centralized control system, and analysis terminates.Then root According to the correct control instruction of the address information received, analyze its attaching information, and reject the address information in control instruction and Attaching information.Finally according to the attaching information of control instruction, the control instruction for eliminating address information and attaching information is sent To corresponding the equipment or instrument.
Further, the power system monitor analysis system is according to the identification information for receiving information, after classifying to information It is analyzed.
Further, the power system monitor analysis system includes:Power grid security analysis logs in access analysis.
Further, the power grid security, which is analyzed, includes:First by each switchgear house operation of power networks detection data received, Pre-stored threshold values compare in environmental monitoring data, switchgear house personnel discrepancy request data, fire-fighting monitoring and system.Then judge Whether it exceeds threshold value, as sent out alarm signal to warning device beyond if, and sends alarm indication information to display system, such as Information is shown without departing from then being sent to display system.
Further, described to log in access analysis and include:Access port is analyzed and access rights analysis.The access port The access end classification that the port information loaded according to access information judges visitor is analyzed, and sends corresponding display information.Institute Stating access rights analysis includes:According to the login authentication information of visitor, default access information is compared, judges what visitor possessed Access rights, and send the display information of respective request or receive the modification information in permission.
Further, after the display system receives display information, the display window loaded and displayed on backstage or foreground Information.After the display system receives alarm indication information, the address information loaded according to alarm indication information is judged: Such as the address information is shown on foreground, then continue while foreground show, to the warning message carry out glisten or Continuously zooming prompts.Such as address information shown from the background, then forces the address corresponding to display window to carry to foreground showing Show, and flash of light or continuously zooming prompt are carried out to the warning message.As needed simultaneously to 2 or 2 or more alarm indication information Alarm indication is carried out, then carries out a point window on foreground and shows.
One of the present invention has at least the following advantages:
1. the present invention is monitored different switchgear houses, monitoring parameter covers power grid by 1 set of centralized control system Most of parameter that can influence operation of power networks stabilization and safety in operational process.In addition, display system can be remotely accessed, User is facilitated to check the operating condition of switchgear house whenever and wherever possible.And can be by centralized control system, to power distribution network, subordinate is each The operation and maintenance of switchgear house carry out effective unified supervision, the frequency that the reduction personnel scene of carrying out is checked and person-time number.
2. the present invention by what is installed in switchgear house, has automatic or remote control coordinate locomotivity coordinate monitoring system, Operating personnel in switchgear house are traced and monitored, in place of can finding operating personnel's misoperation in time, and can be by remote Journey talks with command system and carries out remote command, and effectively supervision, guidance and prison can be carried out to the execute-in-place of power grid maintenance personnel Control reduces security risk.
3. the present invention has perfect safety certification and function for monitoring, when can effectively prevent non-operator, non-present Section operating personnel enter switchgear house, reduce security risk caused by illegal invasion.Simultaneously can to enter switchgear house personnel into Row dressing safety analysis, safe operation analysis, are monitored the personnel's dressing and operating process that enter switchgear house, further drop Lower security risk.
4. the present invention adds in switchgear house has turned water environment monitoring system, with effective monitoring and switchgear house can be inhibited by external rain The situation that water or ponding pour in down a chimney, the safety for making up monitoring loophole, improving operation of power networks.
5. the information carrying means of the present invention, which includes identification information, assigns module.It can be to the information of each equipment of each switchgear house It is assigned into row information so that each information can be distinguished accurately, so that synchronous classification may be used in centralized control system The method of analysis, while all switchgear house information is analyzed, improve analysis efficiency and information update speed.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show the structural schematic diagram of coordinate monitoring system of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, below in conjunction with attached drawing, to the present invention into One step is described in detail.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to limit this Invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system, including:There is the front-end information of installation to collect system in 20 switchgear houses System and 1 set of centralized control system for being mounted on control room.The front-end information collection system includes:Power grid detecting system, coordinate Monitoring system, environmental monitoring system, security protection system, firefighting monitoring system, remote dialogue command system and information transmission dress It sets.It is the power grid detecting system, coordinate monitoring system, environmental monitoring system, security protection system, firefighting monitoring system, long-range Talk with command system and transmits and receive information to centralized control system by information carrying means.The centralized control system can be with The information of the front-end information collection system from 20 different switchgear houses is received, and is shown respectively according to affiliated switchgear house number Show or select the information of wherein 1 switchgear house to carry out foreground according to user and show, the information of remaining switchgear house carries out backstage operation. The centralized control system includes:Information receiver, power system monitor analysis system, warning device and display system.The letter Breath reception device is used for the information that receiving front-end Information Collection System is sent out, and is sent to power system monitor analysis system.The electricity Net monitoring analysis system sends corresponding letter according to pre-set programs forward end Information Collection System, warning device and display system Breath.Display system is based on WEB terminal, according to the information that pre-set programs and power system monitor analysis system are sent, carries out operation of power networks ginseng Number presentation of information, and remote user access can be carried out.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, the corresponding switchgear house of the centralized control system can be 2,4,10, The switchgear house of the number consecutively of 50 or other quantity.
Embodiment 2
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the power grid detecting system includes:Mounted on distribution Electric current, voltage, network load at each electric device in room, grid nodes etc. are used to detect the sensing of operation of power networks conventional parameter Device.
Embodiment 3
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the coordinate monitoring system includes:It is arranged close to 2 at the top of switchgear house, horizontal long rails 1 arranged in parallel.Being equipped on the horizontal long rails 1 can be along rail First gearshift 2 of the horizontal longitudinal movement in road.It is installed with horizontal cross track 3 between first gearshift 2.Institute State horizontal cross track 3 be equipped with can be along the second displacement device 4 that track horizontal cross moves.4 face of second displacement device One end of switchgear house floor part is installed with and horizontally rotates device 5.It is described to horizontally rotate device 5 in face of switchgear house floor Partial one end is equipped with monitor 6.The probe segment of the monitor 6 can carry out horizontal or vertical direction rotation.The seat Marking monitoring system further includes:Security auditing module and alarm.The security auditing module includes:Dressing divides safely Analysis, safe operation analysis.The security auditing module is connect with centralized control system signal.
The dressing safety analysis includes:It sends and asks to centralized control system first, obtain operating personnel and enter distribution The operation task that room carries out.It is then based on graphic correlation technology, according to operating personnel's figure that monitor 6 obtains, comparative analysis Whether operating personnel dress the protective garment for meeting operation task requirement.As being not dress the protective garment for meeting operation task requirement, Alarm command then is sent to alarm, and warning message is sent to centralized control system.Such as:When what operating personnel received is The operation task of high-tension apparatus is handled, then dressing safety analysis module can enter according to graphic correlation technology contrast operation personnel and match The high voltage protection clothes that preset profiles information whether is dressed when electric room then send to alarm and report such as not dress high voltage protection clothes Alert instruction, and send warning message to centralized control system.
The safe operation is analyzed:It sends and asks to centralized control system first, obtain operating personnel and enter distribution The operation task that room carries out.It is then based on graphic correlation technology, according to operating personnel's figure that monitor 6 obtains, comparative analysis Whether operating personnel have apparent violation or high risk operation.Such as there is apparent violation or high risk operation, is then sent to alarm Alarm command, and send warning message to centralized control system.Such as:What operating personnel received is to repair certain controller switching equipment Operational order, then safe operation analysis module can be compared according to pattern analysis, operating personnel operation equipment whether be that target is set It is standby.Further, safe operation analysis module can be compared according to pattern analysis, the operating process of operating personnel or operational motion Whether meet preset standard or safety operation, does not meet such as and the error of graphic correlation exceeds predetermined threshold value, then sent out to alarm Alarm command is sent, and warning message is sent to centralized control system.
Existing monitoring system is typically all to be mounted on fixed position but the rotary monitoring arrangement of camera, due to distribution Indoor environment is complicated, and equipment is stood in great numbers, and is led to eliminate monitoring blind area using the comprehensive monitoring difficult to realize of existing monitoring system It often needs to install monitor additional in many positions, monitoring cost is improved while tying up switchgear house installation space.Also, when needs When observing operating personnel, observer is needed to toggle adjustment between multiple monitors, it is time-consuming and laborious, monitor effect in real time Difference.The coordinate monitoring system that the present invention is built, by making coordinate of the monitor within the scope of switchgear house move so that monitor can To follow operating personnel to move together, operating personnel are followed with prison in real time to only need 1 set of monitoring system that can realize Depending on not only can effectively eliminate monitoring blind area, and observer only needs to control 1 monitor, real time monitoring effect is good.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, the coordinate monitoring system include:3 be arranged close at the top of switchgear house Item, horizontal long rails 1 arranged in parallel.Being equipped on the horizontal long rails 1 can be along the horizontal longitudinal movement of track The first gearshift 2.It is vertical that 3,3 levels of horizontal cross track are installed between adjacent first gearshift 2 To 2 horizontal cross tracks 3 are installed between track 1 altogether.2 horizontal cross tracks 3 move synchronously.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, the coordinate monitoring system include:3 be arranged close at the top of switchgear house Item, horizontal long rails 1 arranged in parallel, successively serial number be No. 1 horizontal long rails, No. 2 horizontal long rails, No. 3 horizontal long rails.Being equipped with 1 on described No. 1 and No. 3 horizontal long rails can be along the first of the horizontal longitudinal movement of track Gearshift 2.2 are equipped on No. 2 horizontal long rails can be along the first gearshift 2 of the horizontal longitudinal movement of track. On No. 2 horizontal long rails, on the first gearshift 2 and No. 1 horizontal long rails 1 of No. 1 horizontal long rails The first gearshift 2 between be installed with first level cross track.No. 2 horizontal long rails another first It is installed with the second horizontal cross track between the first gearshift 2 on gearshift 2 and No. 3 horizontal long rails.Institute It states first level cross track and the second horizontal cross track moves independently of each other.
Installed mutual indepedent movement on two horizontal cross tracks moved independently of each other additional horizontally rotates device 5 and prison Visual organ 6, therefore can be carried out by another set of monitoring arrangement when operating personnel are in the monitoring blind area of wherein 1 set monitoring arrangement Supplement monitoring.Can also be when operating personnel be in the monitoring range of two sets of monitoring arrangements, monitoring operating personnel one in front and one in back, Eliminate monitoring dead angle.
Embodiment 4
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 3, first gearshift 2, second displacement device 4, the probe segment for horizontally rotating device 5 and monitor 6 is remotely controlled displacement by receiving the instruction that centralized control system is sent out Or it is mobile.
Embodiment 5
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 3, first gearshift 2, second displacement device 4, the probe segment for horizontally rotating device 5 and monitor 6 is carried out automatic by the displacement control system positioned at switchgear house of installation Displacement or movement.
The Bit andits control process of the displacement control system includes the following steps:
S1. in the switchgear house personnel channel's information to displacement control system that prestores.And according to the personnel channel's information that prestores, control First gearshift 2, second displacement device 4, the probe segment for horizontally rotating device 5 and monitor 6, make the probe of monitor 6 Switchgear house personnel are directed toward into out position in part.
S3. the switchgear house door open command or someone is judged whether according to image analysis technology that security protection system is sent out are received Member enters switchgear house.
S4. it is analyzed to obtain the movement tendency of personnel according to image analysis technology, and according to the switchgear house personnel channel letter that prestores The first gearshift 2 of breath control, second displacement device 4, the probe segment for horizontally rotating device 5 and monitor 6, make monitor 6 Probe segment follow personnel to move.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, first gearshift 2, horizontally rotate 5 and of device at second displacement device 4 The probe segment of monitor 6 can both be automatically controlled by displacement control system, can also be remotely controlled and be controlled by centralized control system System.
Embodiment 6
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the environmental monitoring system includes:Ambient humidity is examined Survey device, ambient temperature detection device, water environment detecting system.The ambient humidity detection device can be matched for detecting The hygronom of the indoor environment humidity of electric room.The ambient temperature detection device can be the indoor ring for detecting switchgear house The thermometer of border temperature.The water environment detecting system includes:Liquid level gauge and drainage system.The liquid level gauge includes:With distribution The liquid level tube of room earth's surface connection, and detect the detection device of liquid level in liquid level tube.The detection device is transmitted by information and is filled It sets to centralized control system and sends switchgear house earth's surface liquid level information.The drainage system includes:The pumping being connected to switchgear house earth's surface Water pipe.Peace turns have suction pump on the drinking-water pipe.The detection device signal of the suction pump and liquid level gauge connects, and by the inspection Survey the startup or closing of device control suction pump.
The environment measuring of existing switchgear house is normally only directed to humidity and temperature is monitored, and is then in low-lying for some The switchgear house in area, it is also possible to situations such as pouring in down a chimney there are rainwater makes occur ponding in switchgear house, so as to cause serious equipment and The security risk of personnel.Especially in Yunnan, many switchgear houses are established is inconvenient to the mountain area area passed in and out in personnel, once distribution There is ponding in room, is on the one hand difficult to find, is on the one hand difficult to solve the problems, such as ponding.The water environment detection system that the present invention passes through installation System, corresponding alarm can be not only sent out when danger threshold is got in distribution excess surface water, can also pass through the draining system of installation System carries out the drainage sunk well of early period, reduces security risk caused by distribution water excess surface water.
Embodiment 7
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the security protection system includes:Electronics is installed additional The door of lock, the identifying system being connect with electronics lock signal.The identifying system includes fingerprint recognition, recognition of face, the identification of ID cards In one kind.
Embodiment 8
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the security protection system includes:Electronics is installed additional The door of lock, the identifying system being connect with electronics lock signal.The identifying system includes fingerprint recognition, recognition of face.At this point, multi beam The security protection system may include discriminance analysis device.The signal receiving end of the discriminance analysis device and identification system Signal of uniting connects, and the identification signal sent out according to identifying system is once analyzed:First, it is determined that receive at least two Whether identification information is to meet information, enters if meeting in next step, police is sent out if wherein 1 is not meet information Report.Then, judge that receive at least two meet whether information corresponds to same operating personnel, unlocking electronic lock is simultaneously if identical Control signal is sent to coordinate monitoring system, while being sent to centralized control system and entering the pre- of switchgear house for being identified with personnel If into information, if differed, prompt identification information wrong, and misregistration number, is sent out after errors number reaches 3 times Alarm.The information that meets includes:Authentication and personnel's certification.The authentication is:Whether authentication information, which meets, prestores The personal information into switchgear house, into administrative staff's certification if meeting, as not being to alarm.Personnel's certification is:Symbol Whether the personal information for closing authentication is to enter the personnel of switchgear house this period that system issues, and then output meets letter in this way Breath, as not being to prompt the incongruent related presupposed information of personnel.
Existing switchgear house is usually mechanical lock or single identification certification lock, since switchgear house belongs to dangerous work place, one Denier personnel are strayed into, it is likely that cause unnecessary security risk even safety accident.The security protection system installed additional through the invention System can effectively exclude non-switchgear house operating personnel, not operation task operating personnel enter the possibility of switchgear house, great drop Low personnel are strayed into or the possibility of personnel's invasion.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, the identifying system include fingerprint recognition, the identification of ID cards.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, the identifying system include recognition of face, the identification of ID cards.
1 embodiment according to the present invention, the identifying system include fingerprint recognition, recognition of face, the identification of ID cards.
Embodiment 9
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 8, the centralized control system receives described default Into after information, can force to show the information on the display system.It is described that the default of display is forced to enter letter on the display system Breath is 1 information with display window linkage function, and after the pressure shows information when the user clicks, display system is shown and institute It states default into the corresponding switchgear house electric network information of information and video monitoring information.Information is shown as user does not click the pressure, Then the pressure shows information there are disappearing after preset time, and automatic buffer.The function can effectively prompt centralized control end User, the operating personnel to entering switchgear house carry out security monitoring.
Embodiment 10
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the firefighting monitoring system includes:Mounted on distribution Device temperature inductor, smoke sensor device at room and each power equipment and grid nodes.The device temperature inductor, smog Sensor is connect with fire-fighting analytical equipment signal.The fire-fighting analytical equipment receives device temperature inductor, smoke sensor device Alarm signal after, send fire protection warning instruction to centralized control system, and send fire-fighting to fire-fighting system and seek help instruction.It is described Fire-fighting system can be preset fire units or the fire-fighting system mounted on switchgear house.
Embodiment 11
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the remote dialogue command system includes:It is mounted on Loudspeaker in switchgear house or in coordinate monitoring system is filled with the loudspeaker by the reception that data line or wireless signal are connect It sets.Microphone or headset for being installed additional in the reception device and centralized control system etc. connect for receiving the device signal of voice messaging It connects.It has installed the system additional, the indoor operating personnel of user's remote assistance distribution at centralized control end can be facilitated to safeguard, tie up It repaiies or maintenance work.
Embodiment 12
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, described information transmitting device includes:Identification information is assigned Give module.The module is used to that information load, and the control to receiving to be identified to the information for being transmitted to centralized control system Instruction is identified.The method that information loads is identified in the described pair of information for being transmitted to centralized control system:Base first In the information ownership that information carrying means receives, attaching information load is carried out to the information received.Then it is passed according to information Switchgear house address where defeated device loads the information received into row address information.The described pair of control instruction received The method being identified includes:First determine whether the information received its load target address information whether with information carrying means The switchgear house address at place is consistent, and next step analysis is carried out if consistent, and as inconsistent, the instruction that reports an error is loaded in the information, And return to centralized control system, analysis terminates.Then it according to the correct control instruction of address information received, analyzes it and returns Belong to information, and rejects the address information in control instruction and attaching information.Finally according to the attaching information of control instruction, will reject Address information and the control instruction of attaching information are sent to corresponding the equipment or instrument.
Embodiment 13
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, the power system monitor analysis system is believed according to reception The identification information of breath is analyzed after classifying to information.The power system monitor analysis system includes:Power grid security analysis, Log in access analysis.The power grid security is analyzed:First by each switchgear house operation of power networks detection data received, environment Pre-stored threshold values compare in monitoring data, switchgear house personnel discrepancy request data, fire-fighting monitoring and system.Then judging it is It is no to exceed threshold value, as sent out alarm signal to warning device beyond if, and alarm indication information is sent to display system, not surpassed such as Go out then to send to display system and shows information.It is described to log in access analysis and include:Access port is analyzed and access rights analysis.Institute It states the port information that access port analysis is loaded according to access information and judges the access end classification of visitor, and send corresponding aobvious Show information.The access rights are analyzed:According to the login authentication information of visitor, default access information is compared, judges to visit The access rights that the person of asking possesses, and send the display information of respective request or receive the modification information in permission.
Embodiment 14
Based on power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system described in embodiment 1, after the display system receives display information, The display window loaded and displayed information on backstage or foreground.It is aobvious according to alarm after the display system receives alarm indication information Show that the address information of information load is judged:Such as the address information is shown on foreground, then continues to show on foreground While, flash of light is carried out to the warning message or continuously zooming prompts.Such as address information shown from the background, then force by The address, which corresponds to display window and carries to foreground, to be shown, and carries out flash of light to the warning message or continuously zooming prompts.As needed simultaneously Alarm indication is carried out to 2 or 2 or more alarm indication information, then carry out a point window on foreground and show.
One of the present invention has at least the following advantages:
1. the present invention is monitored different switchgear houses, monitoring parameter covers power grid by 1 set of centralized control system Most of parameter that can influence operation of power networks stabilization and safety in operational process.In addition, display system can be remotely accessed, User is facilitated to check the operating condition of switchgear house whenever and wherever possible.And can be by centralized control system, to power distribution network, subordinate is each The operation and maintenance of switchgear house carry out effective unified supervision, the frequency that the reduction personnel scene of carrying out is checked and person-time number.
2. the present invention by what is installed in switchgear house, has automatic or remote control coordinate locomotivity coordinate monitoring system, Operating personnel in switchgear house are traced and monitored, in place of can finding operating personnel's misoperation in time, and can be by remote Journey talks with command system and carries out remote command, and effectively supervision, guidance and prison can be carried out to the execute-in-place of power grid maintenance personnel Control reduces security risk.
3. the present invention has perfect safety certification and function for monitoring, when can effectively prevent non-operator, non-present Section operating personnel enter switchgear house, reduce security risk caused by illegal invasion.Simultaneously can to enter switchgear house personnel into Row dressing safety analysis, safe operation analysis, are monitored the personnel's dressing and operating process that enter switchgear house, further drop Lower security risk.
4. the present invention adds in switchgear house has turned water environment monitoring system, with effective monitoring and switchgear house can be inhibited by external rain The situation that water or ponding pour in down a chimney, the safety for making up monitoring loophole, improving operation of power networks.
5. the information carrying means of the present invention, which includes identification information, assigns module.It can be to the information of each equipment of each switchgear house It is assigned into row information so that each information can be distinguished accurately, so that synchronous classification may be used in centralized control system The method of analysis, while all switchgear house information is analyzed, improve analysis efficiency and information update speed.
It should be noted that and understand, in the case of the spirit and scope required by not departing from the claims in the present invention, energy It is enough that various modifications and improvements are made to the present invention of foregoing detailed description.It is therefore desirable to protection technical solution range not by The limitation of given any specific exemplary teachings.

Claims (10)

1. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system, which is characterized in that including:Mounted on switchgear house front-end information collection system and Mounted on the centralized control system of control room;
The front-end information collection system includes:Power grid detecting system, coordinate monitoring system, environmental monitoring system, security protection System, firefighting monitoring system, remote dialogue command system and information carrying means;The power grid detecting system, coordinate monitoring system System, environmental monitoring system, security protection system, firefighting monitoring system, remote dialogue command system by information carrying means to Information is transmitted and received to centralized control system;
The centralized control system includes:Information receiver, power system monitor analysis system, warning device and display system;Institute Information receiver is stated for the information that receiving front-end Information Collection System is sent out, and is sent to power system monitor analysis system;Institute Power system monitor analysis system is stated to be sent accordingly according to pre-set programs forward end Information Collection System, warning device and display system Information;The information that display system is sent according to pre-set programs and power system monitor analysis system, it is aobvious to carry out operation of power networks parameter information Show, and remote user access can be carried out.
2. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the coordinate monitoring system packet It includes:At least 2 be arranged close at the top of switchgear house, horizontal long rails (1) arranged in parallel;It is described horizontal longitudinal Being equipped on track (1) can be along the first gearshift (2) of the horizontal longitudinal movement of track;Adjacent first gearshift (2) Between be installed with horizontal cross track (3);The horizontal cross track (3) is equipped with and can be moved along track horizontal cross Second displacement device (4);The second displacement device (4) is installed in face of one end of switchgear house floor part to be horizontally rotated Device (5);It is described to horizontally rotate device (5) monitor (6) is installed in face of one end of switchgear house floor part;The monitor (6) probe segment can carry out horizontal or vertical direction rotation.
3. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the coordinate monitoring system packet It includes:Security auditing module and alarm;The security auditing module includes:Dressing safety analysis, safe operation point Analysis;The security auditing module is connect with centralized control system signal;
The dressing safety analysis includes:First to centralized control system send ask, obtain operating personnel enter switchgear house into Capable operation task;It is then based on graphic correlation technology, according to operating personnel's figure that monitor (6) obtains, comparative analysis behaviour Make whether personnel dress the protective garment for meeting operation task requirement;As being not dress the protective garment for meeting operation task requirement, then Alarm command is sent to alarm, and warning message is sent to centralized control system;
The safe operation is analyzed:First to centralized control system send ask, obtain operating personnel enter switchgear house into Capable operation task;It is then based on graphic correlation technology, according to operating personnel's figure that monitor (6) obtains, comparative analysis behaviour Make whether personnel have apparent violation or high risk operation;Such as there is apparent violation or high risk operation, then sends and report to alarm Alert instruction, and send warning message to centralized control system.
4. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first gearshift (2), Second displacement device (4), the probe segment for horizontally rotating device (5) and monitor (6), can be by receiving centralized control system The instruction sent out is remotely controlled displacement or movement, can also be carried out by the displacement control system positioned at switchgear house of installation automatic Displacement or movement.
5. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the position of the displacement control system Control process is moved to include the following steps:
S1. in the switchgear house personnel channel's information to displacement control system that prestores;And according to the personnel channel's information that prestores, control first Gearshift (2), second displacement device (4), the probe segment for horizontally rotating device (5) and monitor (6), make monitor (6) Probe segment be directed toward switchgear house personnel into out position;
S3. receive the switchgear house door open command that sends out of security protection system or according to image analysis technology judge whether there is personnel into Enter switchgear house;
S4. it is analyzed to obtain the movement tendency of personnel according to image analysis technology, and according to the switchgear house personnel channel's information control that prestores The first gearshift (2), second displacement device (4), the probe segment for horizontally rotating device (5) and monitor (6) are made, monitoring is made The probe segment of device (6) follows personnel to move.
6. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the environmental monitoring system packet It includes:Ambient humidity detection device, ambient temperature detection device, water environment detecting system;The water environment detecting system includes:Liquid Position meter and drainage system;
The liquid level gauge includes:The detection device of liquid level in the liquid level tube being connected to switchgear house earth's surface, and detection liquid level tube;Institute It states detection device and switchgear house earth's surface liquid level information is sent to centralized control system by information carrying means;
The drainage system includes:The drinking-water pipe being connected to switchgear house earth's surface;Peace turns have suction pump on the drinking-water pipe;The pumping The detection device signal of water pump and liquid level gauge connects, and the startup or closing of suction pump are controlled by the detection device.
7. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the security protection system packet It includes:The door for having installed electronic lock additional, the identifying system being connect with electronics lock signal;The identifying system includes fingerprint recognition, face At least one of identification, the identification of ID cards.
8. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described information transmitting device packet It includes:Identification information assigns module;The module is used to that information load to be identified to the information for being transmitted to centralized control system, and right The control instruction received is identified;
The method that information loads is identified in the described pair of information for being transmitted to centralized control system:It is primarily based on information transmission The information ownership that device receives carries out attaching information load to the information received;Then according to where information carrying means Switchgear house address, the information that receives is loaded into row address information;
The method that the described pair of control instruction received is identified includes:First determine whether the target of its load of the information received Whether address information is consistent with the switchgear house address where information carrying means, carries out next step analysis if consistent, such as differs It causes then to load the instruction that reports an error in the information, and returns to centralized control system, analysis terminates;Then according to the address received The correct control instruction of information, analyzes its attaching information, and rejects the address information in control instruction and attaching information;Last root According to the attaching information of control instruction, the control instruction for eliminating address information and attaching information is sent to corresponding equipment or instrument Device.
9. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the power system monitor analysis system Including:Power grid security analysis logs in access analysis;
The power grid security is analyzed:First by each switchgear house operation of power networks detection data received, environmental monitoring data, Pre-stored threshold values compare in switchgear house personnel discrepancy request data, fire-fighting monitoring and system;Then judge whether it exceeds threshold Value sends out alarm signal if exceeding to warning device, and sends alarm indication information to display system, as without departing from if to showing Show that system is sent and shows information;
It is described to log in access analysis and include:Access port is analyzed and access rights analysis;The access port analysis is according to access The port information of information loads judges the access end classification of visitor, and sends corresponding display information;The access rights point Analysis includes:According to the login authentication information of visitor, default access information is compared, judges the access rights that visitor possesses, and It sends the display information of respective request or receives the modification information in permission.
10. power distribution network intelligent operation maintenance system according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the display system receives After showing information, the display window loaded and displayed information on backstage or foreground;The display system receives alarm indication information Afterwards, the address information loaded according to alarm indication information is judged:Such as the address information is shown on foreground, then after Continue while foreground is shown, flash of light is carried out to the warning message or continuously zooming prompts;Such as address information carries out on backstage Display then forces the address corresponding to display window to carry to foreground showing, and to the warning message glisten or continuously zooming Prompt;As needed to carry out alarm indication to 2 or 2 or more alarm indication information simultaneously, then carries out a point window on foreground and show.
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