CN108436719B - Polishing and derusting machine for outer surface of fixed steel pipe - Google Patents

Polishing and derusting machine for outer surface of fixed steel pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108436719B
CN108436719B CN201810327758.4A CN201810327758A CN108436719B CN 108436719 B CN108436719 B CN 108436719B CN 201810327758 A CN201810327758 A CN 201810327758A CN 108436719 B CN108436719 B CN 108436719B
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China
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manual
steel pipe
speed shaft
polishing
fixed steel
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CN201810327758.4A
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CN108436719A (en
Inventor
蒙艳玫
陈昊
李云飞
韦俊东
张颖东
崔耀升
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/033Other grinding machines or devices for grinding a surface for cleaning purposes, e.g. for descaling or for grinding off flaws in the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a polishing and derusting machine for the outer surface of a fixed steel pipe. This fixed steel pipe surface deruster of polishing includes: a support; the rack is fixed at the upper end of the bracket; the power part is arranged on the frame, and an output shaft of the power part is provided with a small belt wheel; a transmission portion comprising: the electric high-speed shaft penetrates through the rack, and one end of the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a large belt wheel and is connected with a small belt wheel in a belt transmission manner; and the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a pair of small cylindrical gears; the low-speed shaft penetrates through the rack, and two ends of the low-speed shaft are respectively provided with a large cylindrical gear; the small cylindrical gear and the large cylindrical gear are meshed and synchronously driven; and a working portion including: outer lane, inner circle, extension spring, oilstone and oilstone draw-in groove. The polishing and rust removing machine for the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe greatly improves polishing and rust removing efficiency; the device can be operated manually or electrically, and has strong adaptability.

Description

Polishing and derusting machine for outer surface of fixed steel pipe
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of derusters, in particular to a polishing deruster for the outer surface of a fixed steel pipe.
Background
at present, steel pipes are mostly adopted for guardrails of a plurality of buildings such as bridges, rust is an inevitable problem of the guardrails, and people need to regularly carry out maintenance work such as rust removal, paint spraying and the like on the guardrails so as to keep the guardrail attractive and prolong the service life of the guardrail.
For the fixed steel pipe, one common rust removing device is a large-scale device such as a sand blasting rust remover, a shot blasting rust remover and the like, most of the devices are very expensive, and the requirements on operators are high; the other type is a relatively common handheld grinding wheel polishing machine, the equipment is widely used, the adaptability is relatively strong, but the efficiency is relatively low, so that the research and development of small, convenient, economical, practical and efficient grinding and rust removing equipment aiming at steel pipes, particularly fixed steel pipes is necessary and promising.
The information disclosed in this background section is only for enhancement of understanding of the general background of the invention and should not be taken as an acknowledgement or any form of suggestion that this information forms the prior art already known to a person skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a polishing and derusting machine for the outer surface of a fixed steel pipe, which has a simple and reasonable structure and overcomes the defects of the conventional polishing and derusting machine for the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a polishing and rust removing machine for the outer surface of a fixed steel pipe, comprising: a support; the rack is fixed at the upper end of the bracket; the power part is arranged on the frame, and an output shaft of the power part is provided with a small belt wheel; a transmission portion comprising: the electric high-speed shaft penetrates through the rack, and one end of the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a large belt wheel and is connected with a small belt wheel in a belt transmission manner; and the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a pair of small cylindrical gears; the low-speed shaft penetrates through the rack, and two ends of the low-speed shaft are respectively provided with a large cylindrical gear; the small cylindrical gear and the large cylindrical gear are meshed and synchronously driven; and a working portion including: outer lane, inner circle, extension spring, oilstone and oilstone draw-in groove, the outer lane is two, fixes respectively in the both sides of frame, and each outer lane all includes: two semicircular fasteners with one ends hinged with each other and a locking screw for locking the other ends of the two semicircular fasteners; the outer ring is provided with a plurality of square holes, each square hole is penetrated by a round hole, and a miniature bearing is arranged in each square hole; the inner ring includes: two parts of mutual lock, each part all includes: crossbeam and lay the inner circle body at this crossbeam both ends, the inner circle body includes: the outer ring buckling part is arranged on the outer side of the inner ring gear, and is provided with a groove along the circumferential direction and used for being matched with the miniature bearing, so that the inner ring and the outer ring rotate relatively through the miniature bearing; the inner ring gear is meshed with the large cylindrical gear so as to drive the inner ring of the working part to rotate; one end of the tension spring is hung on the inner ring of the working part, the other end of the tension spring is hung on the oilstone clamping groove, and the oilstone is installed in the oilstone clamping groove and fixed by a set screw.
Preferably, in the above technical scheme, the bracket adopts a telescopic rod structure and is locked by a set screw.
Preferably, among the above-mentioned technical scheme, the support lower extreme is installed the shape of a saddle gyro wheel.
Preferably, among the above-mentioned technical scheme, fixed steel pipe surface rust cleaning machine of polishing still has manual operation system, and this manual operation system includes: the manual shaft, the manual large bevel gear and the manual small bevel gear; the manual shaft is rotatably arranged on the rack, and the manual large bevel gear is arranged at the lower end of the manual shaft; the manual small bevel gear is arranged on the low-speed shaft and is in meshed transmission with the manual large bevel gear.
Preferably, in the above technical solution, the manual shaft is rotatably disposed on the frame through a bearing.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: the polishing and rust removing machine for the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe greatly improves polishing and rust removing efficiency; compared with large-scale equipment, the polishing machine is simple and cheap, and compared with a handheld polishing machine, the efficiency is high; the device can be operated manually or electrically, and has strong adaptability; can be adapted to steel pipes with round or oval sections; can be suitable for steel pipes with various diameters.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the polishing and rust removing machine for the outer surface of a fixed steel pipe according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the top view structure of the fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and rust removing machine of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first partially disassembled structure of the polishing and derusting machine for the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe.
FIG. 4 is a second partially exploded view of the present invention for polishing and removing rust on the outer surface of a fixed steel pipe.
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an inner ring of a working part of the fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and derusting machine.
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer ring of a working part of the fixed steel pipe outer surface polishing and derusting machine of the invention.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the present invention is provided in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but it should be understood that the scope of the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments.
Throughout the specification and claims, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the word "comprise", or variations such as "comprises" or "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated element or component but not the exclusion of any other element or component.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the concrete structure of the fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and rust removing machine according to the embodiment of the present invention comprises: the device comprises a frame 1, a bracket assembly, a power part, a transmission part and a working part. When the device is used, two parts of the inner ring 8 of the working part are opened and buckled on the steel pipe 2 to be derusted, after the two parts are closed, the outer ring 19 of the working part is opened, the inner ring 8 of the working part is clamped, the miniature bearing 20 is just clamped in the groove on the inner ring 8, and then the locking screw 14 locks the outer ring 19 of the working part. The polishing and rust removing machine for the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe greatly improves polishing and rust removing efficiency; compared with large-scale equipment, the polishing machine is simple and cheap, and compared with a handheld polishing machine, the efficiency is high; the device can be operated manually or electrically, and has strong adaptability; can be adapted to steel pipes with round or oval sections; can be suitable for steel pipes with various diameters.
Specifically, the frame 1 is fixed to the upper end of the bracket 11 for receiving the power part, the transmission part, and the working part. The support 11 adopts a telescopic rod structure, the length of the support can be adjusted, and the support is locked by a set screw 12 when the support is adjusted to a proper length. The lower end of the bracket 11 is provided with a roller 13, the roller 13 is saddle-shaped, and when the steel pipe to be derusted is higher than the ground, the roller 13 is clamped on the steel pipe at a proper position below the steel pipe.
The power part adopts a direct current motor 3 which is arranged on the frame 1, and the output shaft of the direct current motor 3 is provided with a small belt wheel 4.
the transmission part includes: an electric high-speed shaft 10 and a low-speed shaft 9. The electric high-speed shaft 10 is arranged on the frame 1 in a penetrating way, one end of the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a large belt wheel 5, and the electric high-speed shaft is connected with a small belt wheel 4 in a belt transmission way; the electric high-speed shaft 10 also has a pair of small cylindrical gears 23. The low-speed shaft 9 is arranged on the frame 1 in a penetrating way, and two ends of the low-speed shaft are respectively provided with a large cylindrical gear 21. The small cylindrical gears 23 are meshed with the large cylindrical gears 21 for synchronous transmission, so that the electric high-speed shaft 10 drives the low-speed shaft 9 to rotate, and meanwhile, the two large cylindrical gears 21 are meshed with the gear parts on the inner ring 8 of the working part to drive the inner ring 8 of the working part to rotate.
The working part comprises: outer lane 19, inner circle 8, extension spring 16, oilstone 17 and oilstone draw-in groove 18, wherein, as shown in fig. 6, outer lane 19 is two, fixes respectively in the both sides of frame, and each outer lane 19 can open and shut, includes: two semicircular fasteners with one ends hinged with each other, and a locking screw 14 for locking the other ends of the two semicircular fasteners. The outer ring 19 is provided with a plurality of square holes, each square hole is provided with a round hole to penetrate through, the miniature bearing 20 is arranged in each square hole, and the miniature bearing 20 is fixed on the outer ring 19 of the working part by arranging a pin 25 in each round hole to penetrate through the inner hole of the miniature bearing 20.
As shown in fig. 5, the inner ring 8 includes two parts that are engaged with each other, and each part includes: crossbeam and lay the inner circle body at this crossbeam both ends, the inner circle body includes: the inner ring gear and the outer ring buckling part are positioned on the outer side of the inner ring gear, and the outer ring buckling part is provided with a groove along the circumferential direction and is used for being matched with the miniature bearing 20, so that the inner ring and the outer ring rotate relatively through the miniature bearing. The inner ring gear meshes with the large cylindrical gear 21, thereby rotating the inner ring 8 of the working portion. One end of a tension spring 16 is hung on the inner ring 8 of the working part, the other end is hung on an oilstone clamping groove 18, and an oilstone 17 is installed in the oilstone clamping groove 18 and fixed by a set screw 24. The inner ring is provided with an oilstone clamping groove through a tension spring, the oilstone is arranged in the clamping groove, along with the rotation of the inner ring, the oilstone can rub on the surface of the fixed steel pipe to achieve the purpose of rust removal, and the steel pipes with different diameters can be adapted through the extension and retraction of the tension spring.
When the device works, two parts of the working part inner ring 8 are opened and buckled on the steel pipe 2 to be derusted, after the two parts are closed, the working part outer ring 19 is opened to clamp the working part inner ring 8, the miniature bearing 20 is just clamped in the groove on the inner ring 8, and then the working part outer ring 19 is locked by the locking screw 14. The inner ring 8 of the working part of the deruster consists of two identical parts, the two parts are combined to form a complete ring, and a complete gear is arranged on the ring and is meshed with a large cylindrical gear 21 of a transmission gear. The two working part outer rings 19 are all formed by hinging two identical parts, and are in a complete ring shape after being closed, miniature bearings 20 are arranged on the miniature bearings and are matched with grooves on the working part inner rings 8, and the working part inner rings 8 can freely rotate in the working part outer rings 19. Therefore, the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe can be polished and derusted in a rotary mode, and polishing and derusting efficiency is greatly improved; the friction part of the deruster is pulled by a strong tension spring 16, so that the deruster can be suitable for steel pipes with circular or elliptical sections and can also be suitable for steel pipes with various diameters.
Preferably, the fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and derusting machine further comprises a manual operation system, and the manual operation system comprises: a manual shaft 6, a manual large bevel gear 15 and a manual small bevel gear 22. The manual shaft 6 is rotatably arranged on the frame 1, and the manual large bevel gear 15 is arranged at the lower end of the manual shaft 6; the manual small bevel gear 22 is arranged on the low-speed shaft 9 and is in meshed transmission with the manual large bevel gear 15. When the manual operation is performed, the crank handle is used for rotating the manual shaft 6, the manual shaft 6 drives the low-speed shaft 9 through the pair of manual large bevel gears 15 and the manual small bevel gears 22, and meanwhile, the two large cylindrical gears 21 are meshed with the gear parts on the working part inner ring 8 to drive the working part inner ring 8 to rotate. The deruster can be operated manually or electrically, and has strong adaptability.
Preferably, the manual shaft 6 is rotatably mounted on the frame 1 via a bearing 7.
In conclusion, the polishing and rust removing machine for the outer surface of the fixed steel pipe greatly improves polishing and rust removing efficiency; compared with large-scale equipment, the polishing machine is simple and cheap, and compared with a handheld polishing machine, the efficiency is high; the device can be operated manually or electrically, and has strong adaptability; can be adapted to steel pipes with round or oval sections; can be suitable for steel pipes with various diameters.
The foregoing descriptions of specific exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed, and obviously many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The exemplary embodiments were chosen and described in order to explain certain principles of the invention and its practical application to enable one skilled in the art to make and use various exemplary embodiments of the invention and various alternatives and modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a fixed steel pipe surface deruster of polishing which characterized in that includes:
A support;
The rack is fixed at the upper end of the bracket;
The power part is arranged on the frame, and an output shaft of the power part is provided with a small belt wheel;
A transmission portion comprising: the electric high-speed shaft penetrates through the rack, and one end of the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a large belt wheel and is connected with a small belt wheel in a belt transmission manner; and the electric high-speed shaft is provided with a pair of small cylindrical gears; the low-speed shaft penetrates through the rack, and two ends of the low-speed shaft are respectively provided with a large cylindrical gear; the small cylindrical gear and the large cylindrical gear are meshed and synchronously driven; and
A working portion comprising: outer lane, inner circle, extension spring, oilstone and oilstone draw-in groove, the outer lane is two, fixes respectively in the both sides of frame, and each outer lane all includes: two semicircular fasteners with one ends hinged with each other and a locking screw for locking the other ends of the two semicircular fasteners; the outer ring is provided with a plurality of square holes, each square hole is penetrated by a round hole, and a miniature bearing is arranged in each square hole; the inner ring includes: two parts of mutual lock, each part all includes: crossbeam and lay the inner circle body at this crossbeam both ends, the inner circle body includes: the outer ring buckling part is arranged on the outer side of the inner ring gear, and is provided with a groove along the circumferential direction and used for being matched with the miniature bearing, so that the inner ring and the outer ring rotate relatively through the miniature bearing; the inner ring gear is meshed with the large cylindrical gear so as to drive the inner ring of the working part to rotate; one end of the tension spring is hung on the inner ring of the working part, the other end of the tension spring is hung on the oilstone clamping groove, and the oilstone is installed in the oilstone clamping groove and fixed by a set screw.
2. The fixed steel pipe outer surface polishing and rust removing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the support adopts a telescopic rod structure and is locked by a set screw.
3. the fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and rust removing machine as claimed in claim 2, wherein saddle-shaped rollers are mounted at the lower end of the support.
4. The fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and rust removing machine as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a manual operation system, the manual operation system comprising: the manual shaft, the manual large bevel gear and the manual small bevel gear; the manual shaft is rotatably arranged on the rack, and the manual large bevel gear is arranged at the lower end of the manual shaft; the manual small bevel gear is arranged on the low-speed shaft and is in meshed transmission with the manual large bevel gear.
5. The fixed steel pipe outer surface grinding and rust removing machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein the manual shaft is rotatably arranged on the frame through a bearing.
CN201810327758.4A 2018-04-12 2018-04-12 Polishing and derusting machine for outer surface of fixed steel pipe Active CN108436719B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810327758.4A CN108436719B (en) 2018-04-12 2018-04-12 Polishing and derusting machine for outer surface of fixed steel pipe

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810327758.4A CN108436719B (en) 2018-04-12 2018-04-12 Polishing and derusting machine for outer surface of fixed steel pipe

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CN108436719B true CN108436719B (en) 2019-12-13

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110524329B (en) * 2019-08-16 2020-09-18 涡阳林叶商贸有限公司 A unmanned aerial vehicle robot for pipe guardrail is polished
CN111896365B (en) * 2020-07-08 2022-01-11 天津大学 Test method integrating derusting, measuring and calibrating in submarine pipeline test
CN113649923A (en) * 2021-08-19 2021-11-16 宁夏威尔信商品混凝土有限公司 Dedicated rust cleaning device of cement bin outer wall
CN114226318A (en) * 2021-12-08 2022-03-25 苏州富强科技有限公司 Outer surface treatment structure
CN115889043A (en) * 2022-11-15 2023-04-04 昆明理工大学 Bridge floor cylinder metal rail surface maintenance machine
CN115502860B (en) * 2022-11-23 2023-03-10 常熟三嵩精密机电有限公司 U-shaped frame inner surface treatment equipment for fixing brake pad

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09272052A (en) * 1996-04-04 1997-10-21 Mitsui Eng & Shipbuild Co Ltd Bar-shaped body end part polishing device
CN103883840B (en) * 2014-02-21 2017-02-15 青岛佳丰桥箱制造有限公司 Pipeline anticorrosion layer cleaning robot
CN105215831B (en) * 2015-09-09 2017-06-13 浙江中五钢管制造有限公司 Stainless steel tube diameter polishing device
CN106808366A (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-09 上海澜煊软件科技有限公司 A kind of cast iron pipe polishing pair abrasive wheel gear devices
CN105856034A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-17 西安优盛航空科技有限公司 Positioning and polishing device for aircraft oil pipe
CN206343993U (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-07-21 海宁市欣业钢管有限公司 A kind of foot-operated seamless steel pipe chamfering sanding apparatus

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