CN108422491A - The environmentally friendly shaping equipment and method of casting foam fusible pattern - Google Patents

The environmentally friendly shaping equipment and method of casting foam fusible pattern Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108422491A
CN108422491A CN201810147174.9A CN201810147174A CN108422491A CN 108422491 A CN108422491 A CN 108422491A CN 201810147174 A CN201810147174 A CN 201810147174A CN 108422491 A CN108422491 A CN 108422491A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
cutting
resistance wire
fusible pattern
sliding plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810147174.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108422491B (en
Inventor
薛刚
孙宜华
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Yichang Chu Jiang Casting Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yichang Chu Jiang Casting Co Ltd
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Application filed by Yichang Chu Jiang Casting Co Ltd filed Critical Yichang Chu Jiang Casting Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810147174.9A priority Critical patent/CN108422491B/en
Publication of CN108422491A publication Critical patent/CN108422491A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108422491B publication Critical patent/CN108422491B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F3/00Severing by means other than cutting; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F3/06Severing by using heat
    • B26F3/08Severing by using heat with heated members
    • B26F3/12Severing by using heat with heated members with heated wires
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C7/00Patterns; Manufacture thereof so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B22C7/02Lost patterns
    • B22C7/023Patterns made from expanded plastic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/005Computer numerical control means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • B26D5/086Electric, magnetic, piezo-electric, electro-magnetic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting

Abstract

The present invention provides the environmentally friendly shaping equipments and method of casting foam fusible pattern, it includes stand arrangement, the both sides of the stand arrangement are symmetrically installed the traverse gear for being useful for providing transverse shifting, it is equipped at the top of the traverse gear for providing vertically movable vertical transmission device, resistance wire cutting device for cutting is installed on the vertical transmission device, tensioning regulating mechanism for controlling a resistance wire pulling force is installed on the resistance wire cutting device, the traverse gear, vertical transmission device, resistance wire cutting device and tensioning regulating mechanism are all connected with control device.This equipment can realize the integration processing of foam fusible pattern contour structures and inner-cavity structure, substitute traditional manual work mode, and then improve work efficiency, ensure that machining accuracy and Forming Quality;Simultaneously good production work environment is provided for a line producer.

Description

The environmentally friendly shaping equipment and method of casting foam fusible pattern
Technical field
The invention belongs to the environmentally friendly automatic mouldings in Investment casting technology field more particularly to a kind of casting foam fusible pattern to set Standby and method.
Background technology
The apperance of model casting mostly use greatly can directly melt either disappear material be made the cured mould of generally use or Foamed material is widely used, at present to Foam Pattern due to foamed material convenient formation in Big Steel Castings forging piece It is molded in cutting process, mostly or by the way of artificial tensioning resistive heater or artificial hand cut, such operation There is the following aspects in mode:
(1)Resistive heater can only carry out excision processing to the outer surface of fusible pattern on the table, and it is special to having to realize The fusible pattern of technique shape need produces and processes, such as when needing to cut an inner cavity on fusible pattern, and when processing can only first pass through Inner cavity manually is cut off out, then could be processed in model casting fusible pattern moulding equipment, operating process time and effort consuming, and error Greatly.
(2)During using resistive heater cutting processing to foam fusible pattern, a large amount of pernicious gas, human body will produce Once sucking, can generate processor's health certain harm, will also result in the serious pollution of environment.
Therefore, the problem during needing design that can consider various actual processings based on above-mentioned analysis, if Count a kind of efficient automatic moulding cutting equipment for foam fusible pattern.
Invention content
The main purpose of the present invention is to provide the environmentally friendly shaping equipment and method of a kind of casting foam fusible pattern, this Equipment can realize the integration processing of foam fusible pattern contour structures and inner-cavity structure, substitute traditional manual work mode, into And improve work efficiency, it ensure that machining accuracy and Forming Quality;Simultaneously good production work is provided for a line producer Environment.
In order to realize above-mentioned technical characteristic, the object of the present invention is achieved like this:The environmental protection of casting foam fusible pattern Shaping equipment and method, it includes stand arrangement, and the both sides of the stand arrangement, which are symmetrically installed, is useful for providing lateral shifting Dynamic traverse gear is equipped with for providing vertically movable vertical transmission device at the top of the traverse gear, Resistance wire cutting device for cutting is installed on the vertical transmission device, is installed on the resistance wire cutting device useful In the tensioning regulating mechanism of control resistance wire pulling force, the traverse gear, vertical transmission device, resistance wire cutting device All it is connected with control device with tensioning regulating mechanism.
The stand arrangement includes mainframe, and the both sides of the mainframe are symmetrically installed with secondary supporting rack, the pair The bottom four corners of supporting rack are installed with screw support leg, and the bottom end of the screw support leg is fixed with support footed glass, The workbench fixed for fusible pattern with clamping is installed at the top of the mainframe.
The traverse gear shares two sets, is symmetrically mounted on the secondary supporting rack of stand arrangement, often set laterally transmission Device includes two the first lateral arc-shaped guide rails and the second lateral arc-shaped guide rail being arranged symmetrically, the described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail It is fixedly mounted on secondary supporting rack by fixing bolt with the second lateral arc-shaped guide rail, the described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail and second Being slidably installed on lateral arc-shaped guide rail has transverse slider, is supported on the transverse slider and is equipped with horizontal sliding plate, described The bottom centre of horizontal sliding plate is equipped with lateral nut set, and the transverse direction nut set constitutes screw rod transmission with cross lead screw and matches It closes, the both ends of the cross lead screw are mounted on the both ends of secondary supporting rack, the cross lead screw by the support of horizontal drive shaft bearing One end be connected with lateral driving motor, and transmit torque;The end of described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail is equipped with cross spacing Block is connected with lateral cable tray on the horizontal sliding plate.
The vertical transmission device shares two sets, is symmetrically mounted at the top of the horizontal sliding plate of traverse gear, often covers Vertical transmission device includes vertical support frame, the top for being fixedly mounted on horizontal sliding plate of the vertical support frame, institute It states and is symmetrically installed with vertical arc-shaped guide rail in vertical support frame, being slidably installed on the vertical arc-shaped guide rail has vertical cunning Block is installed with vertical sliding plate on the vertical sliding block, vertical nut set, institute is installed on the vertical sliding plate It states vertical nut set and constitutes screw rod transmission cooperation with vertical lead screw, the vertical lead screw is supported on perpendicular by vertical drive bearing block To the both ends of braced frame, the bottom end of the vertical lead screw is connected with vertical driving motor output shaft, and transmits torque;Institute It states vertical driving motor to be fixedly mounted on horizontal sliding plate, vertical cable tray is connected on the vertical sliding plate, it is described The top of vertical support frame is installed with vertical spacing link stopper.
The resistance wire cutting device includes the cutting frame being arranged symmetrically, and the cutting frame is fixedly mounted on vertical biography On the vertical sliding plate of dynamic device, copper post and insulated column are installed on the cutting frame, in the insulated column of two cutting frames Between by tensioning regulating mechanism traction resistance wire is installed, the both ends of the resistance wire are contacted with copper post respectively, the copper post Upper clamping has wire clamp, and the wire clamp, which is connected by power cord with cutting power supply device, provides electric energy, and the cutting power supply device is solid Dingan County is on vertical sliding plate.
The tensioning regulating mechanism includes the tensioning motor being arranged symmetrically, and the tensioning motor is fixedly mounted on cutting frame On, winding roll is installed on the output shaft of tensioning motor, resistance wire is wound on the winding roll, close to end where insulated column Resistance wire on be separately installed with perforation iron wire and tensioning force snesor, it is electric that the tensioning force snesor passes through signal wire and tensioning Machine is connected, and controls the tensile force of resistance wire.
Exhaust gas absorption device for absorbing exhaust gas is installed on the vertical transmission device.
The waste gas collection device includes air-introduced machine, and the air-introduced machine is mounted on inside fan box, the fan box Top be connected with blower cover by induced duct, the blower cover is mounted on the end of fan housing holder, and the fan housing holder passes through Connecting hoop is mounted in the vertical support frame of vertical transmission device.
The control device uses numerically controlled control system or PLC controller.
The forming method of the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of the casting foam fusible pattern, it includes the following steps:
Step 1:On the table by foam fusible pattern fixed placement;
Step 2:According to the fusible pattern contour structures of required cutting, start control device, laterally transmission is controlled by control device Device, vertical transmission device, resistance wire cutting device, tensioning regulating mechanism and exhaust gas absorption device start;
Step 3:The lateral driving motor of traverse gear is controlled by control device
, and then horizontal sliding plate transverse shifting is driven by lateral driving motor, and then drive the resistance wire of resistance wire cutting device Transverse shifting realizes transverse cuts;
Step 4:The vertical driving motor of vertical transmission device is controlled by control device, and then is driven by vertical driving motor Vertical sliding plate is vertically movable, and then drives resistance wire cutting device vertically movable, realizes vertical cutting;And then coordinates and laterally pass Dynamic device realizes space cutting shape;
Step 5:The movement of resistance wire cutting device is controlled by control device, drives resistance wire movement, realizes resistance wire to bubble The cutting of foam fusible pattern;
Step 6:In cutting process, the tensile force of resistance wire is controlled by tensioning regulating mechanism;
Step 7:When needing to cut inner cavity, foam inner cavity to be cut is first passed through by iron wire of perforating, then fill by controlling It sets control traverse gear, vertical transmission device and resistance wire cutting device to be cut, is finally completed the cutting of inner cavity;
Step 8:In cutting process, start the air-introduced machine of waste gas collection device, by air-introduced machine to being generated in cutting process Exhaust gas is absorbed;
Step 9:After cutting is completed, foam fusible pattern is write, the cutting of next fusible pattern is carried out.
The method have the advantages that:
1, by using above-mentioned automatic moulding cutting equipment, it can be used in the automatic cutting molding of foam fusible pattern, substitute tradition Artificial cutting process, cutting accuracy is high, and the surface accuracy of fusible pattern is high after cutting;Cutting efficiency is greatly improved, is protected Cut quality is demonstrate,proved.
2, entire resistance wire cutting device can be driven along lateral arc-shaped guide rail cross by the traverse gear To movement, entire resistance wire cutting device can be driven vertically to be moved along vertical arc-shaped guide rail by the vertical transmission device It is dynamic.
3, resistance wire electrified regulation can be given by the resistance wire cutting device, and then foamed material is carried out effective Cutting.
4, be capable of the tensile force size of monitoring resistor silk in real time by the tensioning regulating mechanism, timely feedback information to Controller, and then regulation resistance silk tensile force size in time, can effectively reduce the situation of resistance wire fracture or resistance wire relaxation.
5, the exhaust gas in cutting process can be absorbed by the exhaust gas absorption device, and then plays environmental protection Effect, ensure that the health of operating personnel.
6, control efficiency ensure that by the control device.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the isometric front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the reverse side stereogram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the front view of resistance wire cutting device and tension tester of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of resistance wire cutting device and tension tester of the present invention.
In figure:Stand arrangement 1, traverse gear 2, vertical transmission device 3, resistance wire cutting device 4, tensioning adjust machine Structure 5, exhaust gas absorption device 6;
Support footed glass 101, screw support leg 102, secondary supporting rack 103, mainframe 104, workbench 105;
Horizontal sliding plate 201, transverse slider 202, the 203, first lateral arc-shaped guide rail 204 of lateral nut set, cross lead screw 205, Second lateral arc-shaped guide rail 206, lateral cable tray 207, fixing bolt 208, cross spacing block 209, horizontal drive shaft are held Seat 210, lateral driving motor 211;
Vertical driving motor 301, vertical support frame 302, vertical lead screw 303, vertical cable tray 304, vertical sliding plate 305, vertical nut set 306, vertical arc-shaped guide rail 307, vertical sliding block 308, vertical drive bearing block 309, vertical spacing link stopper 310;
Cutting frame 401, copper post 402, cutting power supply device 403, wire clamp 404, resistance wire 405, insulated column 406;
Tensioning motor 501, winding roll 502, perforation iron wire 503, tensioning force snesor 504;
Fan box 601, air-introduced machine 602, connecting hoop 603, fan housing holder 604, induced duct 605, blower cover 606.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiments of the present invention are described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1:
Referring to Fig. 1-4, the environmentally friendly shaping equipment and method of casting foam fusible pattern, it includes stand arrangement 1, the rack The both sides of device 1 are symmetrically installed the traverse gear 2 for being useful for providing transverse shifting, the top of the traverse gear 2 It is equipped with for providing vertically movable vertical transmission device 3, the resistance for cutting is installed on the vertical transmission device 3 Wire cutting device 4 is equipped with the tensioning regulating mechanism 5 for controlling a resistance wire pulling force, institute on the resistance wire cutting device 4 Traverse gear 2, vertical transmission device 3, resistance wire cutting device 4 and tensioning regulating mechanism 5 is stated all to be connected with control device. It by using above-mentioned automatic moulding cutting equipment, can be used in the automatic cutting molding of foam fusible pattern, substitute traditional artificial Cutting process, cutting accuracy is high, and the surface accuracy of fusible pattern is high after cutting;Cutting efficiency is greatly improved, ensure that and cut Cut quality.
Further, the stand arrangement 1 includes mainframe 104, and the both sides of the mainframe 104 are symmetrically installed with The bottom four corners of secondary supporting rack 103, the pair supporting rack 103 are installed with screw support leg 102, the screw support leg 102 bottom end is fixed with support footed glass 101, and the top of the mainframe 104 is equipped with to be fixed and clamping for fusible pattern Workbench 105.
Further, the traverse gear 2 shares two sets, is symmetrically mounted on the secondary supporting rack 103 of stand arrangement 1 On, it includes two 204 and second lateral arc-shaped guide rails of the first lateral arc-shaped guide rail being arranged symmetrically often to cover traverse gear 2 206,204 and second lateral arc-shaped guide rail 206 of the described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail is fixedly mounted on secondary branch by fixing bolt 208 On support 103, being slidably installed on 204 and second lateral arc-shaped guide rail 206 of the described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail has lateral cunning Block 202, on the transverse slider 202 support horizontal sliding plate 201, bottom centre's peace of the horizontal sliding plate 201 are installed Equipped with lateral nut set 203, the transverse direction nut set 203 constitutes screw rod transmission cooperation, the cross lead screw with cross lead screw 205 205 both ends are mounted on the both ends of secondary supporting rack 103 by the support of horizontal drive shaft bearing 210, and the one of the cross lead screw 205 End is connected with lateral driving motor 211, and transmits torque;The end of described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail 204 is equipped with lateral limit Position block 209, is connected with lateral cable tray 207 on the horizontal sliding plate 201.Pass through above-mentioned traverse gear 2, work During work, cross lead screw 205 is driven by lateral driving motor 211,203 phases are covered by cross lead screw 205 and lateral nut Cooperation, and then drive horizontal sliding plate 201 laterally sliding along 204 and second lateral arc-shaped guide rail 206 of the first lateral arc-shaped guide rail It is dynamic, and then realize the transverse translation movement of entire cutter device.
Further, the vertical transmission device 3 shares two sets, is symmetrically mounted on the horizontal sliding of traverse gear 2 201 top of plate, it includes vertical support frame 302, the fixed installation of the vertical support frame 302 often to cover vertical transmission device 3 Vertical arc-shaped guide rail 307 is symmetrically installed on the top of horizontal sliding plate 201, the vertical support frame 302, it is described vertical Being slidably installed on arc-shaped guide rail 307 has vertical sliding block 308, and vertical sliding plate is installed on the vertical sliding block 308 305, vertical nut set 306, the vertical nut set 306 and vertical lead screw 303 are installed on the vertical sliding plate 305 Screw rod transmission cooperation is constituted, the vertical lead screw 303 is supported on vertical support frame 302 by vertical drive bearing block 309 The bottom end at both ends, the vertical lead screw 303 is connected with 301 output shaft of vertical driving motor, and transmits torque;It is described vertical Driving motor 301 is fixedly mounted on horizontal sliding plate 201, and vertical cable tray is connected on the vertical sliding plate 305 304, the top of the vertical support frame 302 is installed with vertical spacing link stopper 310.In the course of work, by vertically passing Dynamic motor 301 drives vertical lead screw 303, is driven by vertical lead screw 303 and vertical nut cover the cooperation between 306 vertical Sliding plate 305 is vertically movable, and drives entire resistance wire cutting device 4 vertically movable.
Further, the resistance wire cutting device 4 includes the cutting frame 401 being arranged symmetrically, the cutting frame 401 It is fixedly mounted on the vertical sliding plate 305 of vertical transmission device 3, copper post 402 and insulation is installed on the cutting frame 401 Column 406 is equipped with resistance wire 405, institute between the insulated column 406 of two cutting frames 401 by the traction of tensioning regulating mechanism 5 The both ends for stating resistance wire 405 are contacted with copper post 402 respectively, and being clamped in the copper post 402 has wire clamp 404, the wire clamp 404 to pass through Power cord is connected with cutting power supply device 403 provides electric energy, and the cutting power supply device 403 is fixedly mounted on vertical sliding plate On 305.In the course of work, powered to wire clamp 404 by cutting power supply device 403, wire clamp 404 will lead to resistance wire 405 Electricity, and then electric heating is generated by resistance wire 405, finally foam fusible pattern is cut.
Further, the tensioning regulating mechanism 5 includes the tensioning motor 501 being arranged symmetrically, and the tensioning motor 501 is solid Dingan County is equipped with winding roll 502 on the cutting frame 401 on the output shaft of tensioning motor 501, on the winding roll 502 Resistance wire 405 is wound, perforation iron wire 503 and tensile force are separately installed on the resistance wire 405 close to 406 place end of insulated column Sensor 504, the tensioning force snesor 504 are connected by signal wire with tensioning motor 501, and control of resistance wire 405 Clamp force.Information is timely feedbacked to control device by tensioning regulating mechanism 5, and control device controls tensioning motor 501 in turn in time Regulation resistance silk tensile force size can effectively reduce the situation of resistance wire fracture or resistance wire relaxation.Pass through the perforation Iron wire 503, which can facilitate, automatically passes through inner cavity when being cut to foam inner cavity.
Further, the exhaust gas absorption device 6 for absorbing exhaust gas is installed on the vertical transmission device 3.It is described useless Gas collection device 6 includes air-introduced machine 602, and the air-introduced machine 602 is mounted on inside fan box 601, the fan box 601 Top is connected by induced duct 605 with blower cover 606, and the blower cover 606 is mounted on the end of fan housing holder 604, the wind Cover stent 604 is mounted on by connecting hoop 603 in the vertical support frame 302 of vertical transmission device 3.In the course of work, pass through Air-introduced machine 602 carries out exhausting, and then the pernicious gas generated in cutting process is absorbed and extracted.
Further, the control device uses numerically controlled control system or PLC controller.By using digital control system energy It is enough well with above-mentioned traverse gear 2, vertical transmission device 3, resistance wire cutting device 4, tensioning regulating mechanism 5 and useless It is connected by signal wire between 6 component of aspiration receiving apparatus, and then is easily controlled it, improves control efficiency, simultaneously Control accuracy is also improved, ensure that control efficiency.
In addition it is also possible to directly controlled using PLC controller, by PLC controller respectively with traverse gear 2 Lateral driving motor 211, the vertical driving motor 301 of vertical transmission device 3, resistance wire cutting device 4 cutting power supply dress Set 403 and the tensioning motor 501 of tensioning regulating mechanism 5 be connected, and then easily control entire cutting process.
Further, the forming method of the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of the casting foam fusible pattern, it includes following step Suddenly:
Step 1:By foam fusible pattern fixed placement on workbench 105;
Step 2:According to the fusible pattern contour structures of required cutting, start control device, laterally transmission is controlled by control device Device 2, vertical transmission device 3, resistance wire cutting device 4, tensioning regulating mechanism 5 and exhaust gas absorption device 6 start;
Step 3:The lateral driving motor of traverse gear 2 is controlled by control device
211, and then 201 transverse shifting of horizontal sliding plate is driven by lateral driving motor 211, and then drive resistance wire cutting device 4 405 transverse shifting of resistance wire realizes transverse cuts;
Step 4:The vertical driving motor 301 of vertical transmission device 3 is controlled by control device, and then by vertical driving motor The 301 vertical sliding plates 305 of driving are vertically movable, and then drive resistance wire cutting device 4 vertically movable, realize vertical cutting;Into And traverse gear 2 is coordinated to realize space cutting shape;
Step 5:The movement of resistance wire cutting device 4 is controlled by control device, resistance wire 405 is driven to move, and realizes resistance wire The cutting of 405 pairs of foam fusible patterns;
Step 6:In cutting process, the tensile force of resistance wire 405 is controlled by tensioning regulating mechanism 5;
Step 7:When needing to cut inner cavity, by perforating, iron wire 503 first passes through foam inner cavity to be cut, then passes through control Device control traverse gear 2, vertical transmission device 3 and resistance wire cutting device 4 processed are cut, and inner cavity is finally completed Cutting;
Step 8:In cutting process, start the air-introduced machine 602 of waste gas collection device 6, by air-introduced machine 602 to cutting process The exhaust gas of middle generation is absorbed;
Step 9:After cutting is completed, foam fusible pattern is write, the cutting of next fusible pattern is carried out.
The course of work and operation principle of the present invention are:
When carrying out cutting processing to fusible pattern, first by fusible pattern fixed placement on workbench 105, cut by control device control Supply unit 403 and air-introduced machine 602 are cut, horizontal driving motor 211 drives cross lead screw 205, and vertical transmission device 3 or so is made to move Dynamic, perpendicular driving motor 301 drives 305 upper and lower directions of vertical sliding plate to move, and then resistance wire cutting device 4 is driven to move, electricity Resistance silk 405 in horizontal and vertical direction cutting processing, can then be finally completed the automatic cutting molding of foam fusible pattern.
The above embodiments are only the preferred technical solution of the present invention, and are not construed as the limitation for the present invention, this hair Technical characteristic in the technical solution that bright protection domain should be recorded with claim, including the technical solution of claim record Equivalents are protection domain.Equivalent replacement i.e. within this range is improved, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern, it is characterised in that:It includes stand arrangement(1), the rack Device(1)Both sides be symmetrically installed be useful for provide transverse shifting traverse gear(2), the traverse gear(2) Top be equipped with for providing vertically movable vertical transmission device(3), the vertical transmission device(3)On be equipped with and be used for The resistance wire cutting device of cutting(4), the resistance wire cutting device(4)On for controlling a resistance wire pulling force is installed Pull regulating mechanism(5), the traverse gear(2), vertical transmission device(3), resistance wire cutting device(4)It is adjusted with tensioning Mechanism(5)All it is connected with control device.
2. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rack dress It sets(1)Including mainframe(104), the mainframe(104)Both sides be symmetrically installed with secondary supporting rack(103), the pair Supporting rack(103)Bottom four corners be installed with screw support leg(102), the screw support leg(102)Bottom end It is fixed with support footed glass(101), the mainframe(104)Top be equipped with for fusible pattern fix and clamping workbench (105).
3. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described laterally to pass Dynamic device(2)Two sets are shared, stand arrangement is symmetrically mounted on(1)Secondary supporting rack(103)On, often cover traverse gear(2) The first lateral arc-shaped guide rail being arranged symmetrically including two(204)With the second lateral arc-shaped guide rail(206), first transverse arc Shape guide rail(204)With the second lateral arc-shaped guide rail(206)Pass through fixing bolt(208)It is fixedly mounted on secondary supporting rack(103)On, Described first lateral arc-shaped guide rail(204)With the second lateral arc-shaped guide rail(206)On be slidably installed and have transverse slider (202), the transverse slider(202)Upper support is equipped with horizontal sliding plate(201), the horizontal sliding plate(201)Bottom Center is equipped with lateral nut set(203), the transverse direction nut set(203)With cross lead screw(205)Screw rod transmission cooperation is constituted, The cross lead screw(205)Both ends pass through horizontal drive shaft bearing(210)Support is mounted on secondary supporting rack(103)Both ends, The cross lead screw(205)One end and lateral driving motor(211)It is connected, and transmits torque;Described first lateral arc is led Rail(204)End cross spacing block is installed(209), the horizontal sliding plate(201)On be connected with lateral cable tray (207).
4. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical biography Dynamic device(3)Two sets are shared, traverse gear is symmetrically mounted on(2)Horizontal sliding plate(201)Top, the often vertical transmission of set Device(3)Including vertical support frame(302), the vertical support frame(302)Be fixedly mounted on horizontal sliding plate(201) Top, the vertical support frame(302)On be symmetrically installed with vertical arc-shaped guide rail(307), the vertical arc-shaped guide rail (307)On be slidably installed and have vertical sliding block(308), the vertical sliding block(308)On be installed with vertical sliding plate (305), the vertical sliding plate(305)On be installed with vertical nut set(306), the vertical nut set(306)With it is perpendicular To lead screw(303)Constitute screw rod transmission cooperation, the vertical lead screw(303)Pass through vertical drive bearing block(309)It is supported on perpendicular To braced frame(302)Both ends, the vertical lead screw(303)Bottom end and vertical driving motor(301)Output shaft phase Even, and torque is transmitted;The vertical driving motor(301)It is fixedly mounted on horizontal sliding plate(201)On, the vertical sliding plate (305)On be connected with vertical cable tray(304), the vertical support frame(302)Top be installed with vertical spacing Link stopper(310).
5. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The resistance wire Cutter device(4)Including the cutting frame being arranged symmetrically(401), the cutting frame(401)It is fixedly mounted on vertical transmission dress It sets(3)Vertical sliding plate(305)On, the cutting frame(401)On copper post is installed(402)And insulated column(406), two A cutting frame(401)Insulated column(406)Between pass through tensioning regulating mechanism(5)Traction is equipped with resistance wire(405), described Resistance wire(405)Both ends respectively with copper post(402)Contact, the copper post(402)Upper clamping has wire clamp(404), the wire clamp (404)Pass through power cord and cutting power supply device(403)It is connected and electric energy, the cutting power supply device is provided(403)It is fixedly mounted In vertical sliding plate(305)On.
6. according to the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of the casting of claim 1 or 5 foam fusible pattern, it is characterised in that:Described Pull regulating mechanism(5)Including the tensioning motor being arranged symmetrically(501), the tensioning motor(501)It is fixedly mounted on cutting frame (401)On, in tensioning motor(501)Output shaft on winding roll is installed(502), the winding roll(502)Upper winding resistance Silk(405), close to insulated column(406)The resistance wire at place end(405)On be separately installed with perforation iron wire(503)And tensile force Sensor(504), the tensioning force snesor(504)Pass through signal wire and tensioning motor(501)It is connected, and controls resistance wire (405)Tensile force.
7. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical biography Dynamic device(3)On exhaust gas absorption device for absorbing exhaust gas is installed(6).
8. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The exhaust gas is received Acquisition means(6)Including air-introduced machine(602), the air-introduced machine(602)Mounted on fan box(601)Inside, the fan box (601)Top pass through induced duct(605)With blower cover(606)It is connected, the blower cover(606)Mounted on fan housing holder (604)End, the fan housing holder(604)Pass through connecting hoop(603)Mounted on vertical transmission device(3)Vertical supporting frame Frame(302)On.
9. the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The control dress It sets and uses numerically controlled control system or PLC controller.
10. using the forming method of the environmentally friendly shaping equipment of casting foam fusible pattern described in claim 1-9 any one, It is characterized in that, it includes the following steps:
Step 1:By foam fusible pattern fixed placement in workbench(105)On;
Step 2:According to the fusible pattern contour structures of required cutting, start control device, laterally transmission is controlled by control device Device(2), vertical transmission device(3), resistance wire cutting device(4), tensioning regulating mechanism(5)And exhaust gas absorption device(6)It opens It is dynamic;
Step 3:Traverse gear is controlled by control device(2)Lateral driving motor(211), and then by being laterally driven Motor(211)Drive horizontal sliding plate(201)Transverse shifting, and then drive resistance wire cutting device(4)Resistance wire(405)It is horizontal To movement, transverse cuts are realized;
Step 4:Vertical transmission device is controlled by control device(3)Vertical driving motor(301), and then by being vertically driven Motor(301)Drive vertical sliding plate(305)It is vertically movable, and then drive resistance wire cutting device(4)It is vertically movable, it realizes perpendicular To cutting;And then coordinate traverse gear(2)Realize space cutting shape;
Step 5:Resistance wire cutting device is controlled by control device(4)Movement, drive resistance wire(405)It is mobile, realize electricity Hinder silk(405)Cutting to foam fusible pattern;
Step 6:In cutting process, pass through tensioning regulating mechanism(5)Control resistance wire(405)Tensile force;
Step 7:When needing to cut inner cavity, pass through iron wire of perforating(503)Foam inner cavity to be cut is first passed through, then is passed through Control device controls traverse gear(2), vertical transmission device(3)With resistance wire cutting device(4)It is cut, it is final complete At the cutting of inner cavity;
Step 8:In cutting process, start waste gas collection device(6)Air-introduced machine(602), pass through air-introduced machine(602)To cutting The exhaust gas generated in the process is cut to be absorbed;
Step 9:After cutting is completed, foam fusible pattern is write, the cutting of next fusible pattern is carried out.
CN201810147174.9A 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 Method for molding foam investment for casting by utilizing environment-friendly automatic molding equipment Active CN108422491B (en)

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CN203077407U (en) * 2013-02-08 2013-07-24 谭海生 Central control lead screw foam cutting bed
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CN105216065A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-06 北鹏首豪(天津)新型建材有限公司 A kind of warming plate cutting equipment
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CN102366963A (en) * 2010-10-22 2012-03-07 吉林农业大学 Cutting wire tensity and temperature measurement and control device for EPS (Expanded Poly Styrol) slab cutting machine
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CN111941540B (en) * 2020-08-13 2022-02-22 七彩建设发展有限公司 Portable electric heating wire cutting equipment

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