CN108388762A - Sinter chemical composition prediction technique based on depth confidence network - Google Patents

Sinter chemical composition prediction technique based on depth confidence network Download PDF

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CN108388762A
CN108388762A CN201810188530.1A CN201810188530A CN108388762A CN 108388762 A CN108388762 A CN 108388762A CN 201810188530 A CN201810188530 A CN 201810188530A CN 108388762 A CN108388762 A CN 108388762A
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data
chemical composition
prediction
sinter
dbn
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王斌
袁致强
张良力
梁开
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Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Wuhan University of Science and Technology WHUST
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    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06NCOMPUTER SYSTEMS BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL MODELS
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    • G06N3/02Computer systems based on biological models using neural network models
    • G06N3/08Learning methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16CCOMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY; CHEMOINFORMATICS; COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE
    • G16C20/00Chemoinformatics, i.e. ICT specially adapted for the handling of physicochemical or structural data of chemical particles, elements, compounds or mixtures
    • G16C20/30Prediction of properties of chemical compounds, compositions or mixtures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sinter chemical composition prediction techniques based on depth confidence network.This method predicts sinter chemical composition according to sinter mixture chemical composition, using based on the prediction technique of DBN algorithms;Specifically include following steps:The historical data of sintering plant actual production, rejecting abnormalities data and normalized are obtained first;Then determining influences the input/output argument of sinter quality, and the reasonability of input parameter is examined using gray relative analysis method;Resettle the sinter chemical composition prediction model based on DBN, and the training of usage history Data Data, optimal prediction model;Sinter chemical composition is finally predicted with this prediction model, and to result anti-normalization processing, obtains sinter chemical composition predicted value.Compared with prior art, the present invention is based on the prediction models of DBN can more accurately realize approaching for complex nonlinear function, improves sinter chemical composition precision of prediction, has application and popularization value in actual production.

Description

Sinter chemical composition prediction technique based on depth confidence network
Technical field
The invention belongs to iron and steel smelting technology field, be related to a kind of sinter chemical composition prediction technique, more particularly to one Sinter chemical composition prediction technique of the kind based on depth confidence network.
Background technology
Sinter is the primary raw material of blast furnace ironmaking, and the chemical composition of sinter is to evaluate and test the important finger of sinter quality Mark.Dispensing is the first working procedure of sintering production, has significant impact to the chemical composition of sinter.Due to sinter chemical raw material Source is wide, wide in variety, complicated component, and sintering process has the characteristics that lag, close coupling, non-linear so that being sintered mineralising for a long time Study point is difficult to accurately control.In matching formulation process in dispensing, sinter chemical composition is accurately predicted, in time Raw material proportioning is adjusted, sinter quality is improved and is of great significance.
In sinter chemical composition forecasting research, with the development of computer technology, some shallow-layer intelligent forecast models Wide research and application had been obtained in recent years, improved precision of prediction.Dragon it is red it is bright et al. using with momentum term it is linear again Step-varied back propagation BP neural network algorithm is encouraged, the sinter chemical composition forecast mould based on multicycle operational mode is established Type;Model knows intelligent et al. the advantages of combining gray prediction and neural net prediction method, establishes the burning based on grey neural network Tie mine chemical composition prediction model;Song Qiang et al. proposes the soft of the sinter chemical composition based on least square method supporting vector machine The forecasting model of sinter chemical composition is established in the research of measurement model using support vector machines.The god mentioned in above-mentioned document Through network, gray theory and support vector machines etc. belong to shallow-layer learning algorithm, sample of the shallow-layer learning algorithm in given limited quantity This when is it is difficult to effectively indicate that non-linear complicated function, generalization ability are restricted, and then influence sinter chemical composition Prediction result.
Deep learning is a kind of Multilayer Perception structure algorithm of simulation human brain.Relative to shallow-layer learning method, depth Study can more accurately realize approaching for complex nonlinear function, in recent years by learning a kind of deep layer nonlinear network structure Through having obtained effective application in many fields.Depth confidence network (Deep Belief Network, abbreviation DBN) is a kind of normal The frame of deep learning.
Invention content
It is an object of the present invention to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of burning based on depth confidence network is provided Tie mine chemical composition prediction technique.This method can fully excavate the substantive characteristics of sintering process by establishing DBN prediction models, Improve sinter chemical composition precision of prediction.
The purpose of the present invention is what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:
One kind being based on the sinter chemical composition prediction technique of depth confidence network (i.e. DBN), and this method is:It is former in sintering After the completion of expecting dispensing, mixture is obtained, according to mixture chemical composition, using based on depth confidence network (i.e. DBN) algorithm Prediction technique predicts sinter chemical composition, and to examine the accuracy matched in sintering burden process, adjustment proportioning, reaches in time To the purpose for improving sinter quality.This method specifically includes following steps:
S1:The historical data for obtaining sintering plant actual production, pre-processes the data of acquisition, rejecting abnormalities data are simultaneously It is normalized;
S2:Determining influences the input/output argument of sinter quality, and input parameter is examined using gray relative analysis method Reasonability;
S3:Establish the sinter chemical composition prediction model based on DBN, using the data in step S1 to prediction model into Row training, optimal prediction model;
S4:The prediction model obtained with step S3 predicts that sinter chemical composition, the data obtained after prediction exist Between [0,1], then anti-normalization processing is carried out to the data that these are obtained, obtains sinter chemical composition predicted value.
Further, in the step S1:The historical data for obtaining sintering plant actual production includes mixture chemical composition And its corresponding sinter chemical composition.Abnormal data is divided into two classes, and one kind is due to system communication mistake or software error The abnormal gathered data Deng caused by.This when sintering process may normal operation, but the data that arrive of system acquisition are not With reference significance, so rejecting this partial data.Another kind of is abnormal data caused by unusual service condition.The prediction mould of the present invention Type is built upon the data acquired under nominal situation, and unusual service condition can have an impact sintering process, the change under unusual service condition Relationship between mixture and sinter cannot normally be reflected by testing result (abnormal data).Above-mentioned two classes abnormal data is required for picking It removes.
For the above situation, the data under nominal situation are obtained after rejecting above-mentioned two classes abnormal data.In view of input and The difference of data level and data dimension between output data, in order to ensure the efficiency and precision of prediction model, it is unified to data into Row normalized.Normalizing formula is:
In formula, X ' is each data sequence after normalized, and X is each data sequence before normalized, XmaxFor data sequence Maximum value in row, XminFor minimum value in data sequence.
Data are normalized, are transformed data between [0,1].DBN algorithms are using softmax functions When, to avoid network from being operated in the flat site of function, [0.1,0.9] is transformed data to, with following formula:
Further, in the step S2:According to practical production experience and inspection information, selection directly affects sintering mineral The chemical composition of amount determines output parameter and influences the input parameter of output parameter.
To increase the reliability of prediction model input parameter selection, the present invention is using Grey Incidence Analysis to above-mentioned ginseng Whether number and Prediction Parameters are analyzed, reasonable to verify above-mentioned routine testing parameter, and remove unreasonable parameter to determine Input parameter.Grey Incidence Analysis directly ignores the information being unable to get, and different system is weighed at any time using the degree of association Between the correlation size that changes, reflection is variation tendency between two sequences, if two sequence variation trend have it is consistent Property, then the two correlation degree is higher, otherwise correlation degree is then relatively low.Grey Incidence Analysis be mode input parameter really Surely theoretical foundation is provided.Grey correlation analysis formula is as follows:
In formula, r represents the degree of association of different data sequence, and between value 0 to 1, that reflects the phases of two data sequences Pass degree, r values illustrate that correlation is better closer to 1.Y (k) is reference data sequence,To compare data sequence, ρ is point Distinguish coefficient, degree of association distortion effect when data sequence differs greatly compared with for weakening reference data sequence.
Sequences y (k) andRespectively original reference data sequence x (k) and original relatively data sequenceAt equalization Data sequence after reason, equalization handle the influence that can eliminate data dimension in data sequence, and it is as follows that equalization handles formula:
Further, in the step S3, the method for establishing the sinter chemical composition prediction model based on DBN is as follows:
DBN model network structure is determined first.DBN model there is no the relevant theory of optimum network structure, actual experiment to grind It is preferable using 3-6 layers of RBM (restricted Boltzmann machine) effect structure to study carefully discovery, optimal mould can get by Commissioning Contrast repeatedly The type number of plies.
DBN model parameter is followed by set.Model parameter includes the number of hidden nodes, iterations, batch size, study effect Rate, train epochs and excitation function etc., parameter designing are to consider the result of precision of prediction and training time.
Finally DBN model is trained.DBN model is trained using the data in step S1, training method is: First use unsupervised greedy algorithm pre-training model;Then by the entire model of BP algorithm backpropagation optimization, (i.e. weights are micro- again It adjusts).That is,:The model training process is broadly divided into following 2 step, and the detailed process of each step is as follows:
Step1:Model pre-training:
First layer RBM is trained up using the Hinton unsupervised greedy algorithms proposed and obtains weight w1, one can be obtained The output of a distribution similar with input data, this process is feature extraction.Keep w1 constant, by first layer RBM hidden layers The input as second layer RBM visual layers is exported, second RBM of training is continued.This process is repeated until all RBM have been trained At obtaining weight w2 and w3, it is ensured that as more as possible when maps feature vectors are to different feature spaces during Feature Mapping Keeping characteristics information.Finally be mapped to output layer, output layer excitation function is softmax functions, by with data label pair Than random initializtion output layer weight w.
Step2:Weights are finely tuned:
After Step1 pre-training, the initial weight w1, w2, w3, w of network have been obtained.By DBN last Layer setting BP networks finely tune initial weight with having supervision according to sample data label backpropagation.In trim process, use is following Object function:
Wherein, θ={ w1 w2 w3 w }, that is, need the weights finely tuned, yiFor sample label, yi' it is prediction result.Because of w It is random initializtion, so needing first to adjust the value of w in trim process, several times after iteration, then finely tunes w1, the value of w2, w3.
When DBN trains each layer of RBM, only ensure that mapping weights optimize in the RBM, but regardless of other RBM weights, because This, predicted value and sample data tag error are propagated back to whole network, hierarchical optimization DBN model by BP algorithm.DBN is trained Process is considered as the initialization to a deep layer BP network weight parameter, the process prevent DBN networks occur BP networks because Random initializtion weighting parameter and be easily trapped into local optimum and the training time length disadvantage.
Further, in the step S4, after being predicted with the DBN model of step S3, obtained data are in [0,1] Between, then by carrying out anti-normalization processing to these data, obtain the predicted value (prediction data) of sinter chemical composition.
Anti-normalization processing formula is:
In formula, X ' is each data sequence after normalized, and X is each data sequence before normalized, XmaxFor data sequence Maximum value in row, XminFor minimum value in data sequence.
Further, prediction model finally is verified using the test sample data in step S1, predicted value is respectively adopted The precision of prediction of prediction model is verified with original value matched curve, Relative Error curve.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Compared with prior art, advantage of the invention is as follows:
(1) by analyzing mechanism of sintering process, rejecting abnormal data and normalized is carried out to training data, improved The reliability of training data.
(2) it uses Grey Incidence Analysis to analyze input and output parameter degree of being associated, demonstrates input The reasonability of parameter selection.
(3) prediction technique based on depth learning technology DBN, can be more approximate using the more traditional shallow-layer network of deep layer network Ground is fitted the advantage of complex nonlinear function, improves the precision of prediction of sinter chemical composition.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the sinter chemical composition prediction technique flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the sinter chemical composition forecasting system structure chart in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the DBN prediction model figures in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the DBN prediction result TFe matched curve figures in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the DBN prediction result TFe error opposing curves figures in the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
The invention will be further described in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.The present embodiment is with technical solution of the present invention Premised on implemented, but do not limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of sinter chemistry based on depth confidence network (i.e. DBN) Ingredient prediction method, this method are:After the completion of raw materials for sintering dispensing, obtaining mixture, (i.e. raw materials for sintering mixture, also known as burns Tie mixture), according to mixture chemical composition, using predicting sinter chemical composition based on the prediction technique of DBN algorithms, with Examine the accuracy matched in sintering burden process.This method is in sintering process, according to sinter mixture ingredient come pre- in advance Sinter chemical composition is reported, to adjust dispensing proportioning in time, improves sinter quality.This method is as follows:
S1:The historical data for obtaining sintering plant actual production, pre-processes the data of acquisition, rejecting abnormalities data are simultaneously It is normalized.
Obtain the historical data of certain domestic large-scale steel mill sintering plant actual production, including sinter mixture chemical composition and its Corresponding sinter chemical composition.By actual production collection in worksite to data include abnormal data, need to reject.Abnormal data It is divided into two classes, one kind is the data acquisition abnormity caused by system communication mistake or software error etc..This when is sintered The possible normal operation of process, but the data that system acquisition arrives have not had reference significance, so rejecting this partial data.Separately One kind is data exception caused by unusual service condition.The prediction model of the present invention is built upon the data acquired under nominal situation, Unusual service condition can have an impact sintering process, and the result of laboratory test (abnormal data) under unusual service condition cannot normally reflect mixture Relationship between sinter.Unusual service condition includes following several:The data acquired under equipment fault in sintering process belong to different Normal floor data;Supervisor's work negative pressure normal range (NR) be 16.5~17kPa, if there is fluctuation, not herein within the scope of Belong to unusual service condition;It is abnormal operating mode that machine speed, which is less than 1m/s, when sintering, is considered as parking;One mix water be 20 tons/t~ Between 25 tons/t, if not belonging to unusual service condition data in the data of this range;Two mix water normal range (NR) be 5 tons/t~ 15 tons/t, it is more than 15 tons/t and belongs to unusual service condition data less than 5 tons/t;Firing temperature just belongs to not just less than 800 DEG C Normal range, the data acquired under this unusual service condition need to reject.After data screening, 905 groups of data, part number is obtained According to as shown in table 1 below.Wherein 700 groups of data it will to be used for model training, remaining 205 groups of data is used for test sample.
1 part modeling of table emulates data
The data under nominal situation are obtained after rejecting two class abnormal datas for the above situation.In view of outputting and inputting number The difference of data level and data dimension between uniformly carries out normalizing to ensure the efficiency and precision of prediction model to data Change is handled.Normalizing formula is:
In formula, X ' is each data sequence after normalized, and X is each data sequence before normalized, XmaxFor data sequence Maximum value in row, XminFor minimum value in data sequence.
Normalized is transformed data between [0,1].DBN algorithms are when using softmax functions, to avoid net Network is operated in the flat site of function, [0.1,0.9] is transformed data to, with following formula:
S2:Determining influences the input/output argument of sinter quality, and input parameter is examined using gray relative analysis method Reasonability.
According to practical production experience and related data selection input/output argument is consulted, selection directly affects sinter quality Sinter chemical composition as output parameter.The TFe contents of sinter are the important indicators of blast fumance, are directly related to height Stove production capacity, energy consumption consumption etc., play an important role to blast fumance.The fluctuation of TFe contents will have a direct impact on blast furnace process production The fluctuation of the working of a furnace, therefore, using sinter TFe contents as one of Prediction Parameters of prediction model.Sinter basicity is that evaluation is burnt Another important indicator of mineral amount is tied, the height of sinter basicity and the basicity of clinker are closely bound up, the calculation formula of basicity For CaO/SiO2, sinter basicity is codetermined by CaO content and SiO2 contents, therefore, the present invention by CaO content and Other two Prediction Parameters of SiO2 contents as prediction model.And in the production specification of sintering plant, all it is distinctly claimed control The stability of all iron content processed and basicity, TFe contents, CaO content and SiO2 contents can be than more comprehensively reflecting sintering mineral The quality of amount.Therefore, using TFe contents, CaO content and SiO2 contents in sinter as sinter chemical composition prediction model Prediction Parameters are suitable.The chemical composition of sinter determines by sinter mixture ingredient, according to actual production data and Related data is consulted it is found that TFe, FeO, CaO, SiO2, charcoal, MgO, Al2O3, the mixtures ingredient such as S, P it is practical raw as sintering plant TFe, CaO, SiO in routine testing project and sinter during production2Content is related.
In order to increase the reliability of prediction model input parameter selection, the present invention is using Grey Incidence Analysis to above-mentioned Whether parameter and Prediction Parameters are analyzed, reasonable to verify above-mentioned routine testing parameter, and are removed unreasonable parameter and come really Determine input parameter.Grey Incidence Analysis directly ignores the information being unable to get, using the degree of association come weigh different system with The correlation size of time change, reflection is variation tendency between two sequences, if two sequence variation trend have one Cause property, then the two correlation degree is higher, otherwise correlation degree is then relatively low.Grey Incidence Analysis is mode input parameter Determination provides theoretical foundation.Grey correlation analysis formula is as follows:
In formula, r represents the degree of association of different data sequence, and that reflects the tightness degree of two data sequences, y (k) is Reference data sequence,To compare data sequence, ρ is resolution ratio, for weakening reference data sequence data sequence compared with Degree of association distortion effect when row differ greatly, the present embodiment ρ take 0.5.Wherein, sequences y (k) andRespectively original reference Data sequence x (k) and original relatively data sequenceEqualization treated data sequence, it is as follows that equalization handles formula:
In the present embodiment, reference data sequence y (k) be respectively sinter chemical composition TFe contents, CaO content and The data sequence that SiO2 content original reference data sequences obtain after equalization is handled, compares data sequenceThen distinguish It is mixture ingredient TFe contents, FeO contents, CaO content, SiO2 contents, carbon content, content of MgO, Al2O3 contents, S contents, P The original data sequence that relatively data sequence obtains after homogenize process of content.
Grey relational grade (r) is calculated according to above formula using the data sequence in S1 after screening, as a result such as 2 institute of table Show:
2 mixture ingredient of table and sinter chemical composition grey relational grade (r)
TFe FeO CaO SiO2 Charcoal MgO Al2O3 S P
TFe 0.7602 0.7324 0.7102 0.7239 0.7530 0.636 0.6101 0.5767 0.5465
CaO 0.7210 0.7027 0.7859 0.7268 0.7159 0.6403 0.5769 0.5018 0.4755
SiO2 0.7176 0.7015 0.7286 0.7963 0.7097 0.6451 0.5658 0.4638 0.4963
As can be seen from the above table, TFe contents, FeO contents, CaO content, SiO in mixture ingredient2Content, carbon content and Content of MgO respectively with TFe contents, CaO content and SiO in sinter chemical composition2The association angle value of content all up to 0.7 or more, Degree of correlation is larger, and the association angle value of remaining ingredient is less than 0.7.Gray system theory thinks, when the degree of association reaches 0.7 or more When, it is believed that the two is strong correlation, therefore in the present embodiment, select TFe contents, FeO contents, CaO in mixture ingredient to contain Amount, SiO2Content and carbon content are as prediction model input parameter.
S3:The sinter chemical composition prediction model (abbreviation DBN prediction models) based on DBN is established, uses step S1's Data are trained model, optimal prediction model.
The method for establishing the sinter chemical composition prediction model based on DBN is as follows:
First, prototype network structure is determined.DBN model there is no the relevant theory of optimum network structure, actual experiment research It was found that preferable using 3-6 layers of RBM effect structures.The present invention has found in debugging process repeatedly, under identical sintering data qualification, It is promoted obviously, and worked as compared with using the DBN model precision of prediction of 2 layers of RBM structures using the DBN model precision of prediction of 3 layers of RBM structures When using 4 layers or more layer RBM structures, precision of prediction, which has almost no change, even to be declined, and can increase the training time.Therefore this mould Type uses 3 layers of RBM structures, DBN prediction models as shown in Figure 3.
DBN model parameter is followed by set.This model carries out emulation experiment using MATLAB, and DBN model parameter designing is such as Under, hidden layer number of nodes dbn.sizes is set as [5 5 5], i.e., 3 layers of RBM altogether, and every layer of hidden layer node number is 5;Iteration Number dbn.numepochs is set as 1;Batch size dbn.batchsize is set as 50;Learning rate dbn.alpha is set as 0.1;Swash Function is encouraged to be selected as being particularly suited for polytypic softmax functions.Parameter designing is to consider precision of prediction and training time Result.
Finally, model is trained using 700 groups of training datas in step S1.Using the data in step S1 to model It is trained, which is broadly divided into 2 steps:
Step1:Model pre-training:
First layer RBM is trained up using the Hinton unsupervised greedy algorithms proposed and obtains weight w1, one can be obtained The output of a distribution similar with input data, this process is feature extraction.Keep w1 constant, by first layer RBM hidden layers The input as second layer RBM visual layers is exported, second RBM of training is continued.This process is repeated until all RBM have been trained At obtaining weight w2 and w3, it is ensured that as more as possible when maps feature vectors are to different feature spaces during Feature Mapping Ground keeping characteristics information.Finally be mapped to output layer, output layer excitation function is softmax functions, by with data label pair Than random initializtion output layer weight w.
Step2:Weights are finely tuned:
After Step1 model pre-training, the initial weight w1, w2, w3, w of network have been obtained.By DBN most BP networks are arranged in later layer, and initial weight is finely tuned with having supervision according to sample data label backpropagation.In trim process, use Following object function:
Wherein, θ={ w1w2w3w }, that is, need the weights finely tuned, yiFor sample label, yi' it is prediction result.Because w is Random initializtion, so needing first to adjust the value of w in trim process, several times after iteration, then w1 is finely tuned, the value of w2, w3.
When DBN trains each layer of RBM, only ensure that mapping weights optimize in the RBM, but regardless of other RBM weights, because This, BP algorithm is by predicted value and sample label error back propagation to whole network, and hierarchical optimization DBN model (successively weigh by fine tuning Value).DBN training process is considered as the initialization to a deep layer BP network weight parameter, which prevents DBN networks to go out Existing BP networks are easily trapped into the disadvantage of local optimum and training time length because of random initializtion weighting parameter.
S4:The prediction model obtained with step S3 predicts that sinter chemical composition, the data obtained after prediction exist Between [0,1], then anti-normalization processing is carried out to the data that these are obtained, obtains sinter chemical composition predicted value.
Anti-normalization processing formula is:
In formula, X ' is each data sequence after normalized, and X is each data sequence before normalized, XmaxFor data sequence Maximum value in row, XminFor minimum value in data sequence.
To illustrate to use the test sample in step S1 with the precision of prediction and validity of comparison prediction model, the present embodiment Data verify prediction model, predicted value and original value matched curve are respectively adopted, Relative Error curve verifies prediction The result of model.By taking TFe (TFe is special iron, refers to the ferroalloy containing other alloying elements) prediction result as an example, predicted value It is as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5 with original value matched curve, Relative Error curve.
From fig. 5, it can be seen that the Relative Error absolute value of TFe is within 2%, it is seen that the precision of prediction of TFe is higher.
Further to verify the validity of proposed DBN prediction models, using same data by this DBN prediction models Prediction result compared with BP neural network model and support vector machines (SVM) model.
Wherein, the setting of BP neural network model parameter is as follows:Factor of momentum is set as 0.30, and study initial rate is set as 0.70, initial weight and Initial Hurdle are all set as 0.50, and excitation function usesFunction.For SVM moulds Type, present invention selection obtain most widely used RBF kernel functions in SVMAnd it uses Cross-validation method Select Error penalty factor and RBF kernel function width optimum values.
After prediction, the mean square error (MSE) and average absolute percentage of three kinds of prediction model results have been calculated separately Both more common evaluation indexes of ratio error (MAPE).MSE and MAPE are defined as follows:
(1) mean square error (MSE)
Wherein ykFor original value,For predicted value.MSE can reflect the influence of big error, can evaluate the variation of data Degree, the smaller then error of MSE values is smaller, which is one of most common index of evaluation model performance.
(2) mean absolute percentage error (MAPE)
Wherein ekFor relative error.What MAPE reflected is the precision of prediction of model, and value is smaller to illustrate that precision of prediction is higher.
By taking TFe prediction results as an example, each the model calculation comparison is as shown in the table:
3 TFe prediction model performance indicator contrast tables of table
Model DBN BP neural network SVM
MSE 0.1796 0.6201 0.2310
MAPE 0.0059 0.0131 0.0083
As can be seen from the above table, the deep layer Network Prediction Model error criterion proposed by the present invention based on DBN is better than SVM With the shallow-layer Network Prediction Model of BP neural network, this shows validity of the DBN in sinter chemical composition prediction, and predicts It works well.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sinter chemical composition prediction technique based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that in raw materials for sintering dispensing After the completion, mixture is obtained, according to mixture chemical composition, using the prediction technique based on depth confidence network, that is, DBN algorithms Predict sinter chemical composition, to examine the accuracy matched in sintering burden process, adjustment proportioning, improves sinter in time Quality;
This method specifically includes following steps:
S1:The historical data for obtaining sintering plant actual production, pre-processes the data of acquisition, rejecting abnormalities data simultaneously carry out Normalized;
S2:Determining influences the input/output argument of sinter quality, and the conjunction of input parameter is examined using gray relative analysis method Rationality;
S3:The sinter chemical composition prediction model based on DBN is established, prediction model is instructed using the data in step S1 Practice, optimal prediction model;
S4:The prediction model obtained with step S3 predicts sinter chemical composition, and the data obtained after prediction are in [0,1] Between, then anti-normalization processing is carried out to the data that these are obtained, obtain sinter chemical composition predicted value.
2. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 1 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that In the step S1:
The historical data for obtaining sintering plant actual production includes mixture chemical composition and its corresponding sinter chemical composition;It is different Regular data includes two classes, and one kind is the abnormal gathered data caused by system communication mistake or software error;It is another kind of to be Abnormal data caused by unusual service condition;Above-mentioned two classes abnormal data will reject;
Data are normalized, are transformed data between [0,1];DBN algorithms using softmax functions when, To avoid network from being operated in the flat site of function, [0.1,0.9] is transformed data to, with following formula:
In formula, X ' is each data sequence after normalized, and X is each data sequence before normalized, XmaxFor in data sequence Maximum value, XminFor minimum value in data sequence.
3. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 1 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that In the step S2:
According to practical production experience and inspection information, selection directly affects the chemical composition of sinter quality, determines input, output Parameter;It is whether reasonable that input parameter is verified using following grey correlation analysis formula:
In formula, r represents the degree of association of different data sequence, and that reflects the tightness degree of two data sequences, y (k) is reference Data sequence,To compare data sequence, ρ is resolution ratio, poor for weakening reference data sequence data sequence compared with Degree of association distortion effect when different larger;
Sequences y (k) andRespectively original reference data sequence x (k) and original relatively data sequenceAfter equalization processing Data sequence, equalization, which is handled, can eliminate the influence of data dimension in data sequence, and it is as follows that equalization handles formula:
4. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 1 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that In the step S3, the method for establishing the sinter chemical composition prediction model based on DBN is as follows:
DBN model network structure is determined first;The DBN model number of plies is obtained by debugging repeatedly, using 3-6 layers of RBM structures;
DBN model parameter is followed by set;Model parameter include the number of hidden nodes, iterations, batch size, learning efficiency, Train epochs and excitation function, parameter designing are to consider the result of precision of prediction and training time;
Finally, DBN model is trained using the data in step S1:First use unsupervised greedy algorithm pre-training model; Then entire model is optimized by BP algorithm backpropagation again.
5. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 4 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that
In step S3, the DBN model network structure, using 3 layers of RBM structures.
6. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 5 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that
Method using unsupervised greedy algorithm pre-training model is as follows:First layer is trained up using unsupervised greedy algorithm RBM obtains weight w1, obtains the output of a distribution similar with input data, this process is feature extraction;Keep w1 not Become, first layer RBM hidden layers are exported into the input as second layer RBM visual layers, continues second RBM of training;Repeat this mistake RBM training all Cheng Zhizhi are completed, and weight w2 and w3 are obtained, it is ensured that maps feature vectors are to different during Feature Mapping Feature space when, keeping characteristics information as much as possible;It is finally mapped to output layer, output layer excitation function is softmax Function, by being compared with data label, random initializtion output layer weight w;After above-mentioned pre-training model, net has been obtained The initial weight w1, w2, w3, w of network.
7. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 6 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that
The method for optimizing entire model by BP algorithm backpropagation is as follows:By last layer in DBN, BP networks, root are set Initial weight is finely tuned according to sample data label backpropagation with having supervision;In trim process, following object function is used:
Wherein, θ={ w1 w2 w3 w }, that is, need the weights finely tuned, yiFor sample label, yi' it is prediction result;Because w be with Machine initialization, so needing first to adjust the value of w in trim process, several times after iteration, then w1 is finely tuned, the value of w2, w3;
When DBN trains each layer of RBM, only ensure that mapping weights optimize in the RBM, but regardless of other RBM weights;BP algorithm will Predicted value propagates back to whole network, hierarchical optimization DBN model with sample data tag error.
8. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 1 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that Anti-normalization processing formula in the step S4 is:
In formula, X ' is each data sequence after normalized, and X is each data sequence before normalized, XmaxFor in data sequence Maximum value, XminFor minimum value in data sequence.
9. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 3 based on depth confidence network, which is characterized in that
In step S2, using TFe contents, CaO content and SiO2 contents in sinter as sinter chemical composition prediction model Prediction Parameters select TFe contents, FeO contents, CaO content, SiO in mixture2Content and carbon content are inputted as prediction model Parameter.
10. the sinter chemical composition prediction technique according to claim 1 based on depth confidence network, feature exist In finally, prediction model being verified using the test sample data in step S1, predicted value is respectively adopted and original value fitting is bent Line, Relative Error curve verify the precision of prediction of prediction model.
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