CN108283919A - A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling - Google Patents

A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108283919A
CN108283919A CN201810090350.XA CN201810090350A CN108283919A CN 108283919 A CN108283919 A CN 108283919A CN 201810090350 A CN201810090350 A CN 201810090350A CN 108283919 A CN108283919 A CN 108283919A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
room
air
negative pressure
control
cleaning unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810090350.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜韬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Special Air Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan Special Air Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Special Air Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan Special Air Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810090350.XA priority Critical patent/CN108283919A/en
Publication of CN108283919A publication Critical patent/CN108283919A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/30Processes for preparing, regenerating, or reactivating
    • B01J20/34Regenerating or reactivating
    • B01J20/3483Regenerating or reactivating by thermal treatment not covered by groups B01J20/3441 - B01J20/3475, e.g. by heating or cooling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/30Processes for preparing, regenerating, or reactivating
    • B01J20/34Regenerating or reactivating
    • B01J20/3491Regenerating or reactivating by pressure treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/40Further details for adsorption processes and devices
    • B01D2259/40083Regeneration of adsorbents in processes other than pressure or temperature swing adsorption
    • B01D2259/40088Regeneration of adsorbents in processes other than pressure or temperature swing adsorption by heating

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling, including purifying layer and control regeneration zone;The purifying layer includes the inlet plenum being sequentially communicated(1), air purifying room(2)And exhaust chamber(3), the inlet plenum(1)In be provided with intake valve(6), the exhaust chamber(3)In be provided with air bleeding valve(8), air evolution room(2)In be provided with purification medium(7), wind turbine and heating device(16);The control regeneration zone includes negative pressure regeneration room(4), and negative pressure regeneration room(4)With air purifying room(2)Between be provided with first partition(5), the first partition(5)On be provided with negative pressure regeneration room(4)With air purifying room(2)The opening of connection(9), negative pressure regeneration room(4)In be provided with vacuum pump(10).The present invention from air cleaning unit without taking out purification medium, you can completes the negative pressure regeneration of purification medium, and significantly improves the regeneration efficiency of purification medium.

Description

A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling
Technical field
The present invention relates to air purification fields, more particularly to a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling.
Background technology
Air pollution refers to being showed enough since mankind's activity or natural process cause Cucumber to enter in air Concentration, the phenomenon that reaching time enough, and therefore compromise the comfortable of the mankind, health and wellbeing or environment;With China The continuous development of industry, air pollution have become urgent problem.
The type of air pollutants includes very much, their form may be the particle of solid-like, it is also possible to drop or It is being mixed for gas or these forms;For now, in addition to solid-state pollutes, air pollution is mainly reflected in toxic On pernicious gas, such as NO2、SO2、O3Deng for solid particulate pollutant, generally being filtered out using strainer filtering, for having Malicious pernicious gas, generally requires in air cleaning unit, utilizes purification medium(Generally activated carbon)It is adsorbed;It is utilizing During purification medium adsorbs toxic and harmful gas, due to the limited sorption capacity of purification medium, a certain amount of have adsorbing Saturation state can be entered after evil gas, at this point, the purification medium in air cleaning unit can only be replaced, or purification medium is taken Go out, after carrying out regeneration treatment to purification medium, puts in back in air cleaning unit, still, either replace purification medium, still Regeneration treatment is carried out to purification medium, is required to take out purification medium from air cleaning unit, to air cleaning unit Using bringing inconvenience.
Cleaning of medium process is substantially so that purification medium releases the toxic and harmful gas of absorption, and has again and inhale Attached ability;If carrying out the cleaning of medium directly in air cleaning unit, can also there is that cleaning of medium efficiency is low, effect difference is asked Topic.
Invention content
The air purification based on negative pressure and hot recycling that it is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of Device, without taking out purification medium from air cleaning unit, you can air purification is given in the negative pressure regeneration for completing purification medium The use of device is brought and convenience, meanwhile, the present invention completes the regeneration of purification medium under negative pressure and heating condition, favorably In the efficiency for improving the cleaning of medium.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of air purification based on negative pressure and hot recycling Device, including purifying layer and control regeneration zone;
The purifying layer includes the inlet plenum being sequentially communicated, air purifying room and exhaust chamber, and air inlet is provided in the inlet plenum Valve is provided with air bleeding valve in the exhaust chamber, and the air evolution is provided with purification medium and wind turbine in room, in the effect of wind turbine Under, outside air passes sequentially through inlet plenum, air purifying room arrival exhaust chamber, and by exhaust chamber after intake valve enters Air bleeding valve discharge, to complete air purification, heating device is additionally provided in the air purification room;The heating device passes through Holder is fixed on the bottom of air purifying room;
The control regeneration zone includes negative pressure regeneration room, the negative pressure regeneration room and air purifying room consistency from top to bottom, and negative pressure is again It is provided with first partition between raw room and air purifying room, is provided in the first partition by negative pressure regeneration room and air purification The opening of room connection;It is provided with vacuum pump in the negative pressure regeneration room.
Wherein, the air purification layer is set to the underface of control regeneration zone.The purification medium includes netted activity Charcoal.The control regeneration zone further includes control room, the control room and inlet plenum consistency from top to bottom and is separated by second partition, institute It states and is provided with control device in control room, control device is connect with wind turbine, intake valve, air bleeding valve and vacuum pump respectively.
It is additionally provided with operation panel at the top of the control regeneration zone, the operation panel is connect with control device.
Wherein, the control regeneration zone further includes power supply room, the power supply room and exhaust chamber consistency from top to bottom and passes through third Partition board separates, and is provided with power module in the power supply room, the power module respectively with wind turbine, intake valve, air bleeding valve, vacuum Control device connection in pump and control room, is powered entire air cleaning unit.
Preferably, the intake valve and air bleeding valve are solenoid valve.
Preferably, the air cleaning unit further includes air pipeline, and one end of the air pipeline is connected to vacuum pump On, the other end extends to outdoor or is connected to waste gas recovery equipment.
Wherein, the heating device includes heater switch and heating wire, the power input and power supply of the heater switch Power module connection in room, the power output end of the heater switch are connect with heating wire, and the control of the heater switch is defeated Enter end to connect with the control device in control room.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is based on the vacuum effects of vacuum pump, it is not necessary that purification medium is net from air Middle taking-up is set in makeup, you can the negative pressure regeneration for completing purification medium is brought and convenience to the use of air cleaning unit;Together When, the present invention completes the regeneration of purification medium under negative pressure and heating condition, is conducive to the efficiency for improving the cleaning of medium.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
In figure, 1- inlet plenums, 2- air purifying rooms, 3- exhaust chambers, 4- negative pressure regeneration rooms, 5- first partitions, 6- intake valves, 7- is net Changing medium, 8- air bleeding valves, 9- is open, 10- vacuum pumps, 11- control rooms, 12- second partitions, 13- power supply rooms, 14- third partition boards, 15- holders, 16- heating devices.
Specific implementation mode
Technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to It is as described below.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling, including purifying layer and control regeneration zone;
The purifying layer includes the inlet plenum 1 being sequentially communicated, air purifying room 2 and exhaust chamber 3, is provided in the inlet plenum 1 Intake valve 6 is provided with air bleeding valve 8 in the exhaust chamber 3, purification medium 7 and wind turbine is provided in air evolution room 2, Under the action of wind turbine, outside air passes sequentially through inlet plenum 1, the arrival exhaust chamber 3 of air purifying room 2 after the entrance of intake valve 6, And be discharged by the air bleeding valve 8 in exhaust chamber 3, to complete air purification;It is additionally provided with heating device in the air purifying room 2 16;The heating device 16 is fixed on the bottom of air purifying room 2 by holder 15.
The control regeneration zone includes negative pressure regeneration room 4, the negative pressure regeneration room 4 and 2 consistency from top to bottom of air purifying room, and It is provided with first partition 5 between negative pressure regeneration room 4 and air purifying room 2, is provided in the first partition 5 by negative pressure regeneration room 4 openings 9 being connected to air purifying room 2;It is provided with vacuum pump 10 in the negative pressure regeneration room 4.
In embodiments herein, the air purification layer is set to the underface of control regeneration zone, and the purification is situated between Matter 7 includes netted activated carbon.
The control regeneration zone further includes control room 11, the control room 11 and 1 consistency from top to bottom of inlet plenum and passes through second Partition board 12 separates, and is provided with control device in the control room, control device respectively with wind turbine, intake valve 6, air bleeding valve 8 and true 10 connection of sky pump;In embodiments herein, control device can be microcontroller, can also be PLC controller.
In embodiments herein, be additionally provided with operation panel at the top of the control regeneration zone, the operation panel with Control device connects;The operation panel includes on & off switch, purge key and regeneration key.
The control regeneration zone further includes power supply room 13, the power supply room 13 and 3 consistency from top to bottom of exhaust chamber and passes through third Partition board 14 separates, and is provided with power module in the power supply room 13, the power module respectively with wind turbine, intake valve 6, air bleeding valve 8, the control device connection in vacuum pump 10 and control room, is powered entire air cleaning unit.
The intake valve 6 and air bleeding valve 8 are solenoid valve.
In embodiments herein, the air cleaning unit further includes air pipeline, one end of the air pipeline It is connected on vacuum pump, the other end extends to outdoor or is connected to waste gas recovery equipment.
In embodiments herein, the heating device 16 includes heater switch and heating wire, the heater switch Power input is connect with the power module in power supply room 13, and the power output end of the heater switch is connect with heating wire, institute State heater switch control signal and control room in 11 control device connect;In this embodiment, heater switch can adopt Use MOS switch.
Working principle of the present invention is as follows:When needing to carry out air purification, user passes through the on & off switch of control panel, control Air cleaning unit processed starts;After user presses the purge key on control panel, the control device in control room 11 controls air inlet Valve 6 and air bleeding valve 8 are opened, and control wind turbine start-up operation, into air purification state, outside air after the entrance of intake valve 6, Inlet plenum 1, the arrival exhaust chamber 3 of air purifying room 2 are passed sequentially through, and is discharged by the air bleeding valve 8 in exhaust chamber 3, in this process In, the purification medium in air evolution room 2 adsorbs the toxic and harmful gas in air, the air for making air bleeding valve 8 be discharged In include toxic and harmful gas substantially reduce, and then complete air purification;After user presses the regeneration key on control panel, Control device control intake valve 6 and air bleeding valve 8 in control room 11 are closed, and are controlled wind turbine and be stopped, and vacuum pump 10 is controlled It starts to work with heating device 16, since the negative pressure regeneration room 4 where vacuum pump 10 is connected to air purifying room 2, therefore in vacuum Under the action of pump 10, negative pressure is generated in air purifying room 2, under the action of negative pressure, the release of purification medium 7 is adsorbed poisonous and harmful Gas, and regenerated;Simultaneously, under the heat that heating device 16 discharges, the regeneration efficiency of purification medium 7 is shown It writes and improves, greatly reduce the required time of the cleaning of medium;Meanwhile the toxic and harmful gas released is in the effect of vacuum pump 10 Under, outdoor is discharged to by the air pipeline being connect with vacuum pump 10, pollution will not be generated to room air, toxic had when all After evil gas discharge, the regeneration of purification medium 7 is completed, and air purification can be re-used for;It in some embodiments, can also will be true Air pipeline on sky pump is connected to special waste gas recovery equipment, the pollution to avoid toxic and harmful gas to outdoor air. In conclusion the present invention is based on the vacuum effect of vacuum pump, without taking out purification medium from air cleaning unit, you can complete Regenerate, brought to the use of air cleaning unit and convenience at the negative pressure of purification medium, meanwhile, the present invention negative pressure and plus The regeneration that purification medium is completed under heat condition is conducive to the efficiency for improving the cleaning of medium.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling, it is characterised in that:Including purifying layer and control regeneration zone;
The purifying layer includes the inlet plenum being sequentially communicated(1), air purifying room(2)And exhaust chamber(3), the inlet plenum(1) In be provided with intake valve(6), the exhaust chamber(3)In be provided with air bleeding valve(8), air evolution room(2)In be provided with it is net Change medium(7)And wind turbine, under the action of wind turbine, outside air is through intake valve(6)After, inlet plenum is passed sequentially through(1), it is empty Gas clean room(2)Reach exhaust chamber(3), and pass through exhaust chamber(3)In air bleeding valve(8)Discharge, to complete air purification;It is described Air purifying room(2)Inside it is additionally provided with heating device(16);
The control regeneration zone includes negative pressure regeneration room(4), the negative pressure regeneration room(4)With air purifying room(2)Consistency from top to bottom, And negative pressure regeneration room(4)With air purifying room(2)Between be provided with first partition(5), the first partition(5)On be provided with by Negative pressure regeneration room(4)With air purifying room(2)The opening of connection(9);The negative pressure regeneration room(4)In be provided with vacuum pump (10).
2. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to add Thermal(16)Pass through holder(15)It is fixed on air purifying room(2)Bottom.
3. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sky Gas purifying layer is set to the underface of control regeneration zone.
4. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described net Change medium(7)Including netted activated carbon.
5. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The control Preparation, regeneration layer further includes control room(11), the control room(11)With inlet plenum(1)Consistency from top to bottom and pass through second partition(12) Separate, be provided with control device in the control room, control device respectively with wind turbine, intake valve(6), air bleeding valve(8)And vacuum Pump(10)Connection.
6. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The control It is additionally provided with operation panel at the top of preparation, regeneration layer, the operation panel is connect with control device.
7. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The control Preparation, regeneration layer further includes power supply room(13), the power supply room(13)With exhaust chamber(3)Consistency from top to bottom and pass through third partition board(14) It separates, the power supply room(13)In be provided with power module, the power module respectively with wind turbine, intake valve(6), air bleeding valve (8), vacuum pump(10)And the control device connection in control room, entire air cleaning unit is powered.
8. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described into Air valve(6)And air bleeding valve(8)It is solenoid valve.
9. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sky Air purifying apparatus further includes air pipeline, and one end of the air pipeline is connected on vacuum pump, the other end extend to it is outdoor or It is attached to waste gas recovery equipment.
10. a kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:It is described Heating device(16)Including heater switch and heating wire, the power input and power supply room of the heater switch(13)In power supply Module connects, and the power output end of the heater switch is connect with heating wire, the control signal of the heater switch and control In room(11)Control device connection.
CN201810090350.XA 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling Pending CN108283919A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810090350.XA CN108283919A (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810090350.XA CN108283919A (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108283919A true CN108283919A (en) 2018-07-17

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CN201810090350.XA Pending CN108283919A (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of air cleaning unit based on negative pressure and hot recycling

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108283919A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111686690A (en) * 2019-07-26 2020-09-22 佛山市顺德区阿波罗环保器材有限公司 Supported activated carbon and preparation method and device thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111686690A (en) * 2019-07-26 2020-09-22 佛山市顺德区阿波罗环保器材有限公司 Supported activated carbon and preparation method and device thereof

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