CN108040683A - A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108040683A
CN108040683A CN201711330187.1A CN201711330187A CN108040683A CN 108040683 A CN108040683 A CN 108040683A CN 201711330187 A CN201711330187 A CN 201711330187A CN 108040683 A CN108040683 A CN 108040683A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
brush roll
cavity
engine base
drip irrigation
hole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711330187.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王登亮
郑雪良
刘春荣
孙崇德
叶先明
闫彦涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QUZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Original Assignee
QUZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by QUZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES filed Critical QUZHOU INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority to CN201711330187.1A priority Critical patent/CN108040683A/en
Publication of CN108040683A publication Critical patent/CN108040683A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto 
    • B08B9/02Cleaning pipes or tubes or systems of pipes or tubes
    • B08B9/027Cleaning the internal surfaces; Removal of blockages
    • B08B9/04Cleaning the internal surfaces; Removal of blockages using cleaning devices introduced into and moved along the pipes
    • B08B9/043Cleaning the internal surfaces; Removal of blockages using cleaning devices introduced into and moved along the pipes moved by externally powered mechanical linkage, e.g. pushed or drawn through the pipes
    • B08B9/047Cleaning the internal surfaces; Removal of blockages using cleaning devices introduced into and moved along the pipes moved by externally powered mechanical linkage, e.g. pushed or drawn through the pipes the cleaning devices having internal motors, e.g. turbines for powering cleaning tools
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning In General (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse, which includes drip irrigation pipe and drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge, and drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge includes:Engine base, engine base are equipped with for engine base to be fixed to the fastener of trickle irrigation tube end;The brush roll being rotatably assorted by bearing and engine base;Brush roll is driven to carry out clean driving mechanism to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe.The automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention can clean trickle irrigation inside pipe wall with drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge, wherein brush roll, and strength removes the incrustation scale deposited on trickle irrigation inside pipe wall and microorganism sludge, moss.Brush roll is arranged to multistage socket form by the present invention, is stored brush roll when being not only convenient for idle, but also can effectively be extended the active length of brush roll.Moreover, secondary brush roll and interior brush roll pop up successively, above-mentioned drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge is not only enabled to be used to clean the drip irrigation pipe made of hard material, can be used for the drip irrigation pipe that cleaning is fabricated from a flexible material, applicability is wider.

Description

A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture fields, and in particular to a kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse.
Background technology
Greenhouse is the main force of modern agriculture, and greenhouse can be protected and promote plant growth, and wherein plant gives birth to Long required water source is mainly to be realized by way of manual watering or equipment sprinkling irrigation.Wherein, trickle irrigation is due to its water-saving increasing The advantages of production, is subject to more and more people to welcome.
Trickle irrigation (drip irrigation) is that water is passed through the aperture on diameter about 10mm hollow billets or drop using plastic conduit Head is sent to crop root and carries out localized irrigation.It is a kind of most effective Water Saving Irrigation Mode of current drought and water-scarce area, water Utilization rate is up to 95%.Trickle irrigation, which is relatively sprayed, has higher water-saving and yield-increasing effect, while can combine fertilising, improves one times of fertilizer efficiency More than.It is applicable to fruit tree, vegetables, industrial crops and greenhouse to irrigate, crop field is can also be used in the place of drought and water shortage Crop irrigation.Its shortcoming is the easy fouling of water dropper and blocking, therefore stringent filtration treatment should be carried out to water source.
The Chinese utility model patent of Patent No. CN201520827754.4 discloses that one kind is not easy to plug and unimpeded is fast Prompt green house of vegetables drip irrigation system, the green house of vegetables drip irrigation system include cistern, and the cistern includes setting up and down etc. Footpath portion and varying diameter portion, the internal diameter of the varying diameter portion from top to bottom taper into, and the upper end in the isometrical portion of cistern is equipped with water inlet Mouthful, the water inlet is equipped with into water sieve, and the bottom of the cistern varying diameter portion is equipped with water outlet, the water outlet Water sieve is installed out, the inlet of the varying diameter portion is installed with main filter screen, and the main filter screen is by the reducing The inner cavity in portion is divided into two parts up and down;The water outlet of the cistern is connected with aqueduct, and the aqueduct is communicated with netted Trickle irrigation mouth is distributed in the drip irrigation pipe in the drip irrigation pipe of distribution, and distributing installation has pressure sensor, the pressure in the drip irrigation pipe The data output end of force snesor is connected with central processing unit, and the central processing unit is connected with display.
The drip irrigation system sets "-main filter screen-goes out water sieve into water sieve " triple filter process in cistern Water source into drip irrigation pipe is filtered, ensures that the water free from admixture for entering drip irrigation pipe or impurity are less;And according to pressure sensing The variation in water pressure in drip irrigation pipe that device detects finds the position of warning pressure sensor and carries out failure row to corresponding region It removes.
However, there are still following defects for above-mentioned drip irrigation system:(1) in cistern " into water sieve ,-main filter screen-goes out Water sieve " can only be filtered particulate contamination, but cause trickle irrigation mouth block the reason for be various, except graininess is miscellaneous Matter can accumulate at trickle irrigation mouth, and the minerals in water can also be deposited in trickle irrigation mouth and trickle irrigation inside pipe wall, form incrustation scale, drip irrigation pipe Interior narrow space is moist, and microorganism and moss are also very easy to grow, and will also result in blocking, and these plugging reasons are filter screens It is indeterminable;(2) although pressure sensor is able to detect that the region blocked, but does not provide elimination targetedly The method of blocking.The scale removal efficiency that disadvantages described above directly results in above-mentioned drip irrigation system is low.
The content of the invention
This application provides a kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse, which has the blocking of drip irrigation pipe clear well Except effect.
A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse including drip irrigation pipe, further includes drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge, the drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge bag It includes:
Engine base, the engine base are equipped with for engine base to be fixed to the fastener of trickle irrigation tube end;
The brush roll being rotatably assorted by bearing and the engine base;
The brush roll is driven to carry out clean driving mechanism to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe.
In use, engine base to be first fixed to the end of drip irrigation pipe by fastener, brush roll is stretched into drip irrigation pipe, is started and is driven Motivation structure, brush roll can clean trickle irrigation inside pipe wall, and strength removes the incrustation scale deposited on trickle irrigation inside pipe wall and microorganism is dirty Mud, moss.
In the present invention, the brush roll includes:
The outer brush roll being rotatably assorted with the engine base, the outer brush roll carries the first cavity, in outer brush roll away from engine base One end, first cavity have the first opening;
Be equipped with interior brush roll in first cavity, the interior brush roll have the idle position that is accommodated in the first cavity and from First opening pops up the first cavity and carries out clean working position to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe.
Preferably, between the outer brush roll and interior brush roll, at least one secondary brush is additionally provided in first cavity Roller, the outer diameter of all secondary brush rolls successively decrease and are arranged successively successively from outside to inside, and each secondary brush roll carries the second cavity, The one end of secondary brush roll away from engine base, second cavity have the second opening;The interior brush roll is in the secondary brush roll in most inside The second cavity in;
The outer brush roll, secondary brush roll and interior brush roll outer surface are with bristle, the outer brush roll in working position, secondary brush Roller and interior brush roll have identical outer diameter.
Brush roll is arranged to multistage socket form, brush roll is stored when being not only convenient for idle, but also can effectively extend the work of brush roll Length.Moreover, secondary brush roll and interior brush roll pop up successively, above-mentioned drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge is not only enabled to be used to clean by hard Property drip irrigation pipe made of material, can be used for the drip irrigation pipe (being commonly called as drip irrigation zone) that is fabricated from a flexible material of cleaning, applicability is wider.
In the present invention, the engine base is equipped with for interior brush roll and secondary brush roll to be limited in the first axis in outer brush roll Locating part.First axis locating part is used to interior brush roll and secondary brush roll being locked in idle position.
Preferably, the first axis locating part includes:The first axis gag lever post being slidably matched with the engine base, institute State offered on outer brush roll for the first axis gag lever post by first through hole, it is described secondary brush roll supply the first axis Gag lever post by the second through hole, the interior brush roll carry for the first axis gag lever post by third through-hole, described the The end of one axial limiting bar carries the first anti-falling piece to lean with the third through-hole outer rim.
The accommodating cavity being slidably matched with the first axis gag lever post, institute are equipped with as further preferred, in the engine base State the peripheral zone restraining position ring block of first axis gag lever post, in the accommodating cavity towards one end of outer brush roll, the engine base be equipped with The inconsistent limited step of the spacing ring, backwards to the one side of the limited step, the spacing ring and accommodating cavity wall it Between be equipped with (the first back-moving spring.
Preferably, the first through hole, the second through hole and third through-hole are the shape phase with first anti-falling piece The length extending direction of the bar hole or waist-shaped hole of adaptation, two neighboring bar hole or waist-shaped hole is different, two length extension lines In 90 ° of angles.
Since the length extending direction of two neighboring bar hole or waist-shaped hole is different, so as to ensure first axis gag lever post energy Brush roll and secondary brush roll in enough release one by one as needed.
It is equipped with that secondary brush roll is driven to pop up the first cavity in the present invention, between the secondary brush roll and outer brush roll and incites somebody to action Secondary brush roll is fixed on the second axial limiting part of outer brush roll end;It is equipped with to drive between the interior brush roll and secondary brush roll Interior brush roll pops up the second cavity and interior brush roll is fixed on to the second axial limiting part of secondary brush roll end.In first axis /V In part release after brush roll and/or secondary brush roll, the second axial limiting part is used to that interior brush roll to be driven to pop up the second cavity and/or drive While so that the secondary brush roll is popped up the first cavity, in guarantee brush roll and/or secondary brush roll be still fixed on secondary brush roll and/or The end of outer brush roll, without departing from going out.
Preferably, for the second axial limiting part between interior brush roll and secondary brush roll, second opening is equipped with In-flanges, second axial limiting part include:
The guide rod being fixed on the in-flanges, the guide rod are extended in the first cavity and put down with the interior brush roll Row is set;
The guide chute being opened on the interior brush roll outer wall, the guide chute is arranged in parallel with the guide rod and position Put correspondence;
The second axial limiting that one end is slidably matched with the guide chute, the other end is slidably matched with the guide rod Bar has abutted second back-moving spring between the second axial limiting bar and the in-flanges.
As further preferred, wherein one end of the second axial limiting bar carries the passed through for the guide rod the 4th Through hole, the end of the guide rod are equipped with the second anti-falling piece for preventing the second axial limiting bar from departing from guide rod.
Second between the second axial limiting part and interior brush roll and secondary brush roll between secondary brush roll and outer brush roll is axial The structure of locating part is identical.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are embodied in:
(1) automatic irrigation greenhouse of the invention is with drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge, in use, first consolidating engine base by fastener Surely the end of drip irrigation pipe is arrived, brush roll is stretched into drip irrigation pipe, starts driving mechanism, and brush roll can carry out trickle irrigation inside pipe wall clear Clean, strength removes the incrustation scale deposited on trickle irrigation inside pipe wall and microorganism sludge, moss.
(2) brush roll is arranged to multistage socket form by the present invention, is stored brush roll when being not only convenient for idle, but also can effectively be extended brush The active length of roller.Moreover, secondary brush roll and interior brush roll pop up successively, above-mentioned drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge is not only enabled to be used for The drip irrigation pipe made of hard material is cleaned, can be used for the drip irrigation pipe (being commonly called as drip irrigation zone) that cleaning is fabricated from a flexible material, is fitted It is wider with property.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge in automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structure diagram of the drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge under level-one working condition in automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is structure diagram of the drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge under secondary work state in automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is structure diagram of the drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge under three-level working condition in automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the connection relation of drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge and drip irrigation pipe in automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 6 is the connection relation of drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge and drip irrigation pipe in automatic irrigation greenhouse of the present invention under another visual angle Structure diagram;
Fig. 7 is the structure diagram of secondary brush roll in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of Fig. 1 China and foreign countries brush roll;
Fig. 9 is the enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 3;
Figure 10 is the enlarged drawing of part B in Fig. 4;
In figure, 1, drip irrigation pipe;2nd, drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge;3rd, engine base;4th, fastener;5th, elastic jacket;6th, nut;7th, bore Shape hole;8th, intermediate plate;9th, bearing;10th, motor;11st, outer brush roll;12nd, the first cavity;13rd, the first opening;14th, secondary brush roll;15、 Second cavity;16th, the second opening;17th, interior brush roll;18th, bristle;19th, first axis locating part;20th, first axis gag lever post; 21st, spacing ring;22nd, limited step;23rd, (the first back-moving spring;24th, first through hole;25th, the second through hole;26th, third through-hole;27、 First anti-falling piece;28th, the second axial limiting part;29th, in-flanges;30th, guide rod;31st, guide chute;32nd, the second axial limiting Bar;33rd, the second anti-falling piece;34th, second back-moving spring.
Specific embodiment
Technical scheme is described in further details with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse, including drip irrigation pipe 1 and drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge 2.
Wherein, drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge 2 includes engine base 3, and engine base 3 is fixed to the end of drip irrigation pipe 1 by fastener 4.Such as Shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, which includes the elastic jacket 5 being fixed on engine base 3 and is set in drip irrigation pipe 1 to drive Elastic jacket 5 is made to hold the nut 6 of drip irrigation pipe 1 tightly.The outer diameter of elastic jacket 5 gradually becomes from towards one end of engine base 3 to the other end Small, nut 6 then has bellmouth 7 adaptable therewith;Wherein, have internal thread outside bellmouth 7, and elastic jacket 5 then carry with The matched external screw thread of the internal thread.
In the present embodiment, elastic jacket 5 is made of the multiple intermediate plates 8 being uniformly arranged around 1 periphery of drip irrigation pipe, the number of intermediate plate 8 Amount can specifically be set as needed.
As seen from Figure 1, brush roll is fixed on engine base 3, one of end of brush roll is matched somebody with somebody by bearing 9 and the rotation of engine base 3 Merging is connected with the drive shaft of motor 10, and the other end is then extended in drip irrigation pipe 1.
In the present embodiment, brush roll includes the outer brush roll 11 being rotatably assorted with engine base 3, and outer brush roll 11 carries the first cavity 12, In the outer one end of brush roll 11 away from engine base 3, the first cavity 12 has the first opening 13;Secondary brush roll is equipped in first cavity 12 14, secondary brush roll 14, which has, to be accommodated in the idle position (as shown in Figure 1) in the first cavity 12 and is popped up at the first opening 13 First cavity 12 simultaneously carries out clean working position (as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4) to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe 1;Secondary brush roll 14 with Second cavity 15, in the secondary one end of brush roll 14 away from engine base 3, the second cavity 15 has the second opening 16;In second cavity 15 Equipped with interior brush roll 17, interior brush roll 17 also has the idle position (as shown in Figure 1) being accommodated in the second cavity 15 and is opened from second The second cavity 15 is popped up at mouth 16 and clean working position (as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4) is carried out to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe 1.
The quantity of secondary brush roll 14 can specifically be set as needed, and the present embodiment is exemplified by setting a secondary brush roll 14 It illustrates.
As seen from Figure 1, the outer diameter of itself of outer brush roll 11, secondary brush roll 14 and interior brush roll 17 is to successively decrease successively from outside to inside , so as to be arranged and pop up successively successively.It is outer brush roll 11, secondary as shown in figure 4, for the ease of being cleaned to drip irrigation pipe 1 Grade brush roll 14 and 17 outer surface of interior brush roll are with bristle 18, due to the presence of bristle 18, it is in running order under outer brush roll 11st, secondary brush roll 14 and interior brush roll 17 have identical outer diameter.
As shown in Figure 1 to 4, with reference to Fig. 9 as it can be seen that engine base 3 is equipped with to limit interior brush roll 17 and secondary brush roll 14 First axis locating part 19 in outer brush roll 11, first axis locating part 19 are used to lock interior brush roll 17 and secondary brush roll 14 In on idle position.
In the present embodiment, first axis locating part 19 includes the first axis gag lever post 20 being slidably matched with engine base 3, engine base It is equipped with the accommodating cavity being slidably matched with first axis gag lever post 20 in 3, the peripheral zone restraining position ring block 21 of first axis gag lever post 20, In accommodating cavity towards one end of outer brush roll 11, engine base 3 is equipped with the limited step 22 inconsistent with spacing ring 21, backwards to limiting stand The one side of rank 22 is equipped with (the first back-moving spring 23 between spacing ring 21 and accommodating cavity wall.
Offered on outer brush roll 11 for first axis gag lever post 20 by first through hole 24, secondary brush roll 14 supply first axle To gag lever post 20 by the second through hole 25, interior brush roll 17 carry for the first axis gag lever post 20 by third through-hole 26, the end of first axis gag lever post 20 carries the first anti-falling piece 27 to lean with 26 outer rim of third through-hole.
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, in the present embodiment, first through hole 24, the second through hole 25 and third through-hole 26 are and first The bar hole or waist-shaped hole that the shape of anti-falling piece 27 is adapted, but the length extending direction of two neighboring bar hole or waist-shaped hole is not Together, two length extension lines are in 90 ° of angles.Since the length extending direction of two neighboring bar hole or waist-shaped hole is different, so as to Ensure that first axis gag lever post 20 can discharge interior brush roll 17 and secondary brush roll 14 one by one as needed.
As shown in Figure 1 to 4, it is equipped with to drive the secondary pop-up of brush roll 14 first between secondary brush roll 14 and outer brush roll 11 Cavity 12 and the second axial limiting part 28 that secondary brush roll 14 is fixed on to outer 11 end of brush roll;Meanwhile interior brush roll 17 and secondary It also is provided with that interior brush roll 17 is driven to pop up the second cavity 15 between brush roll 14 and interior brush roll 17 is fixed on secondary 14 end of brush roll Second axial limiting part 28 in portion.
After first axis locating part 19 discharges interior brush roll 17 and/or secondary brush roll 14, the second axial limiting part 28 is used for While interior brush roll 17 is driven to pop up the second cavity 15 and/or secondary brush roll 14 is driven to pop up the first cavity 12, ensure interior brush Roller 17 and/or secondary brush roll 14, which remain unchanged, is fixed on the end of secondary brush roll 14 and/or outer brush roll 11, without departing from going out.
Between the second axial limiting part 28 and secondary brush roll 14 and outer brush roll 11 between interior brush roll 17 and secondary brush roll 14 The structure of the second axial limiting part 28 be identical, second between the internal brush roll 17 of the present embodiment and secondary brush roll 14 is axial Locating part 28 is specifically introduced.
As it can be seen that the second opening is equipped with in-flanges 29 as shown in Fig. 1~Fig. 4, with reference to Figure 10, the second axial limiting part 28 is wrapped The guide rod 30 being fixed on in-flanges 29 is included, guide rod 30 is extended in the first cavity 12 and is arranged in parallel with interior brush roll 17; Guide chute 31 is offered on interior secondary 14 outer wall of brush roll, which is arranged in parallel with guide rod 30 and position is corresponding; Further include one end and guide chute 31 is slidably matched, the other end and guide rod 30 are slidably matched the second axial limiting bar 32 (the Two axial limiting bars 32 carry the fourth hole passed through for guide rod 30, and the end of guide rod 30 is through fourth hole and equipped with use In the second anti-falling piece 33 for preventing that the second axial limiting bar 32 from departing from guide rod 30), the second axial limiting bar 32 and in-flanges Being abutted between 29 has second back-moving spring 34.
The length of guide chute 31 is generally basically identical with the length of secondary brush roll 14 or interior brush roll 17, but is oriented to Not necessarily, this is related with the coefficient of elasticity of of second back-moving spring 34 itself for the length of bar 30.In order to avoid to secondary brush roll 14 Or the bristle 18 of interior 17 outer surface of brush roll has an impact, it is preferable to use the high second back-moving spring 34 of coefficient of elasticity, so as to Shorten the length of guide rod 30 and second back-moving spring 34.
In use, engine base 3 to be fixed to the end of drip irrigation pipe 1,90 ° of rotation first axis gag lever posts 20 make the first anticreep Part 27 passes through third through-hole 26, brush roll 17 in release;Interior brush roll 17 is under the action of second back-moving spring 34, from the second cavity 15 Interior pop-up, and under the action of second back-moving spring 34, the second axial limiting bar 32 and secondary brush roll 14, it is fixed on secondary brush At second opening 16 of roller 14, the bristle 18 of interior 17 outer surface of brush roll is unfolded completely at this time, in working position;
Continue 90 ° of rotation first axis gag lever posts 20, the first anti-falling piece 27 is made to discharge secondary brush roll through the second through hole 25 14, secondary brush roll 14 is under the action of second back-moving spring 34, the pop-up out of first cavity 12, and second back-moving spring 34, Under the action of second axial limiting bar 32 and outer brush roll 11, it is fixed at the first opening 13 of outer brush roll 11, secondary brush roll 14 The bristle 18 of outer surface is unfolded completely at this time, in working position;
Continue 90 ° of rotation first axis gag lever posts 20, make the first anti-falling piece 27 through first through hole 24, at this time entire first It is accommodated in axial limiting bar 20 in accommodating cavity;Start motor 10, outer brush roll 11 starts rotary work, while also drives secondary Brush roll 14 and interior brush roll 17 rotary work together thoroughly remove incrustation scale, microorganism sludge and the moss of deposition in drip irrigation pipe 1.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse, including drip irrigation pipe, which is characterized in that further include drip irrigation pipe apparatus for eliminating sludge, the drip irrigation pipe Apparatus for eliminating sludge includes:
Engine base, the engine base are equipped with for engine base to be fixed to the fastener of trickle irrigation tube end;
The brush roll being rotatably assorted by bearing and the engine base;
The brush roll is driven to carry out clean driving mechanism to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe.
2. automatic irrigation greenhouse as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the brush roll includes:
The outer brush roll being rotatably assorted with the engine base, the outer brush roll carries the first cavity, in the one end of outer brush roll away from engine base, First cavity has the first opening;
It is equipped with interior brush roll in first cavity, the interior brush roll has the idle position that is accommodated in the first cavity and from first Opening pops up the first cavity and carries out clean working position to the inner wall of drip irrigation pipe.
3. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that described between the outer brush roll and interior brush roll At least one secondary brush roll is additionally provided in first cavity, the outer diameter of all secondary brush rolls successively decreases and covers successively successively from outside to inside If each secondary brush roll is with the second cavity, in the one end of secondary brush roll away from engine base, second cavity has second to open Mouthful;The interior brush roll is in the second cavity of the secondary brush roll in most inside;
The outer brush roll, secondary brush roll and interior brush roll outer surface with bristle, the outer brush roll in working position, secondary brush roll and Interior brush roll has identical outer diameter.
4. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the engine base be equipped with for by interior brush roll and time Grade brush roll is limited in the first axis locating part in outer brush roll.
5. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the first axis locating part includes:With it is described The first axis gag lever post that engine base is slidably matched, offer on the outer brush roll for the first axis gag lever post by first Through hole, it is described secondary brush roll for the first axis gag lever post by the second through hole, the interior brush roll carry supply described first Axial limiting bar by third through-hole, the end of the first axis gag lever post with the third through-hole outer rim with leaning The first anti-falling piece.
6. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that be equipped in the engine base and limited with the first axis The accommodating cavity that is slidably matched of position bar, the peripheral zone restraining position ring block of the first axis gag lever post, in the accommodating cavity towards outer brush One end of roller, the engine base are equipped with the limited step inconsistent with the spacing ring, backwards to the one side of the limited step, institute It states and (the first back-moving spring is equipped between spacing ring and accommodating cavity wall.
7. such as automatic irrigation greenhouse described in claim 5 or 6, which is characterized in that the first through hole, the second through hole and the 3rd Through hole is the bar hole or waist-shaped hole being adapted with the shape of first anti-falling piece, two neighboring bar hole or waist-shaped hole Length extending direction is different, and two length extension lines are in 90 ° of angles.
8. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that be equipped with and use between the secondary brush roll and outer brush roll In secondary brush roll is driven to pop up the first cavity and secondary brush roll is fixed on to the second axial limiting part of outer brush roll end;In described It is equipped with that interior brush roll is driven to pop up the second cavity between brush roll and secondary brush roll and interior brush roll is fixed on secondary brush roll end The second axial limiting part.
9. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that second opening is equipped with in-flanges, described Second axial limiting part includes:
The guide rod being fixed on the in-flanges, the guide rod are extended in the first cavity and parallel with the interior brush roll set It puts;
The guide chute being opened on the interior brush roll outer wall, the guide chute is arranged in parallel with the guide rod and position pair It should;
The second axial limiting bar that one end is slidably matched with the guide chute, the other end is slidably matched with the guide rod, institute It states and has abutted second back-moving spring between the second axial limiting bar and the in-flanges.
10. automatic irrigation greenhouse as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that wherein one end of the second axial limiting bar With the fourth hole passed through for the guide rod, the end of the guide rod is equipped with to prevent the second axial limiting bar from departing from Second anti-falling piece of guide rod.
CN201711330187.1A 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse Pending CN108040683A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711330187.1A CN108040683A (en) 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711330187.1A CN108040683A (en) 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse

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CN108040683A true CN108040683A (en) 2018-05-18

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CN201711330187.1A Pending CN108040683A (en) 2017-12-13 2017-12-13 A kind of automatic irrigation greenhouse

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