CN108001538A - Vehicle body - Google Patents

Vehicle body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108001538A
CN108001538A CN201710211449.6A CN201710211449A CN108001538A CN 108001538 A CN108001538 A CN 108001538A CN 201710211449 A CN201710211449 A CN 201710211449A CN 108001538 A CN108001538 A CN 108001538A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
longitudinal
vehicle body
front wall
roof side
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710211449.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王长
王长一
陈妍妍
刘增寿
黄创举
张明召
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Great Wall Motor Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Great Wall Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Great Wall Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Great Wall Motor Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710211449.6A priority Critical patent/CN108001538A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2018/081269 priority patent/WO2018177399A1/en
Publication of CN108001538A publication Critical patent/CN108001538A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/15Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted having impact absorbing means, e.g. a frame designed to permanently or temporarily change shape or dimension upon impact with another body
    • B62D21/152Front or rear frames
    • B62D21/155Sub-frames or underguards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/15Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted having impact absorbing means, e.g. a frame designed to permanently or temporarily change shape or dimension upon impact with another body
    • B62D21/157Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted having impact absorbing means, e.g. a frame designed to permanently or temporarily change shape or dimension upon impact with another body for side impacts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D25/00Superstructure or monocoque structure sub-units; Parts or details thereof not otherwise provided for
    • B62D25/08Front or rear portions
    • B62D25/16Mud-guards or wings; Wheel cover panels
    • B62D25/18Parts or details thereof, e.g. mudguard flaps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D25/00Superstructure or monocoque structure sub-units; Parts or details thereof not otherwise provided for
    • B62D25/20Floors or bottom sub-units
    • B62D25/2009Floors or bottom sub-units in connection with other superstructure subunits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D25/00Superstructure or monocoque structure sub-units; Parts or details thereof not otherwise provided for
    • B62D25/20Floors or bottom sub-units
    • B62D25/2009Floors or bottom sub-units in connection with other superstructure subunits
    • B62D25/2036Floors or bottom sub-units in connection with other superstructure subunits the subunits being side panels, sills or pillars

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of vehicle body, vehicle body includes:Two A columns;Front anti-collision beam;Two front longitudinals, the front end of two front longitudinals are connected at the both ends of front anti-collision beam, and every front longitudinal is connected by a plurality of power transmission passage with the A columns of homonymy;Front panel, the rear end of two front longitudinals are connected in front panel, and the lower part of front panel is provided with passage in front panel, and front panel is connected with two A columns;Front wall upper beam, front wall upper beam are arranged on the top of front panel;Vertical beam under front wall, the upper end of vertical beam is connected to front wall upper beam under front wall and lower end extends to passage in front panel.By setting a plurality of power transmission passage, it can efficiently and rapidly absorb, decompose stress, can effectively disperse to transmit impact force rearward, so as to which front panel intrusion volume is greatly reduced, it can be damaged to avoid vehicle body seriously, can better ensure that the sufficient living space of passenger compartment.

Description

Vehicle body
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of vehicle, more particularly to a kind of vehicle body.
Background technology
With the continuous progress of society, people gradually step up Crash Safety Design of Vehicles attention degree, more and more automobiles To front wall assembly structural strengthening, to stringer designs energy-absorbing, collapsing structure, vehicle safety performance is improved with this, although can be certain Front wall intrusion volume after collision is reduced in degree, limitedly lifts living space, but still can not efficient-decomposition transmit stress, not from Fundamentally solve the problems, such as that power transmission passage is single, power transmission efficiency is low.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the present invention is directed to propose a kind of vehicle body, to solve the problems, such as that power transmission passage is single, power transmission efficiency is low.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:
A kind of vehicle body, including:Two A columns;Front anti-collision beam;Two front longitudinals, the front end of two front longitudinals connect respectively It is connected at the both ends of the front anti-collision beam, every front longitudinal is connected by a plurality of power transmission passage with the A columns of homonymy;Before Coaming plate, the rear end of two front longitudinals are connected in the front panel, and the lower part of the front panel, which is provided with front panel, to be led to Road, the front panel are connected with two A columns;Front wall upper beam, the front wall upper beam are arranged on the upper of the front panel Portion;Vertical beam under front wall, the upper end of vertical beam is connected to the front wall upper beam under the front wall and lower end extends to the front panel Middle passage.
Further, the vehicle body further includes:Two roof side rails, the rear end of every roof side rail are connected to the institute of homonymy State on A columns and be provided with multiple connecting portions between the front longitudinal of every the roof side rail and homonymy, so that the front longitudinal It is connected by a plurality of power transmission passage with the A columns.
Further, multiple connecting portions include:First support, the first support extend and interior in the lateral direction End is connected to the outside of the front longitudinal, and close to the front end of the front longitudinal, and the preceding lower end of the roof side rail is connected to described The outer end of first support.
Further, the first support includes:First support plate and second support plate, the first support plate take the shape of the letter U, The second support plate is fixed on the opening of the first support plate and the sealing opening.
Further, multiple connecting portions include:Second support, the second support are connected to the top of homonymy Between beam and the front longitudinal, the second support and the junction of the roof side rail are located at the first support and the top The back upper place of the junction of beam.
Further, the second support includes:First connector and the second connector, first connector is in left and right Side upwardly extends and is connected to the roof side rail between second connector, and second connector prolongs in the up-down direction Stretch and lower end is connected on the front longitudinal.
Further, first connector is arc-shaped, and second connector is the plate opened wide with groove and front end Shape structure.
Further, the vehicle body further includes:Front end closing structure, the front end closing structure are connected by described second Part is connected on the front longitudinal.
Further, the first support, the second support, the roof side rail are located at the first support and described The part of part and the front longitudinal between the first support and the second support between two stents forms sky Between quadrangle.
Further, multiple connecting portions further include:3rd stent, the 3rd stent be connected to homonymy it is described on Between side bar and the front longitudinal, the junction of the 3rd stent and the roof side rail be located at the second support and it is described on The rear of the junction of side bar.
Further, the roof side rail includes:Segmental arc and flat segments, before the segmental arc is connected to the flat segments Side, the first support and the second support are connected on the segmental arc, and the 3rd stent is connected to described flat On straight section, the flat segments are connected with the A columns at rear.
Further, the platy structure that the 3rd stent is integrally formed.
Further, in vehicle frontal collision, the impact force of the front anti-collision beam passes to two front longitudinals at rear, Impact force is passed to the front panel by every front longitudinal again, and passes to homonymy by a plurality of power transmission passage of homonymy The A columns, the impact force for passing to the A columns passes to the front panel by vertical beam under the front wall upper beam and front wall Middle passage.
Further, in vehicle side impact, positioned at collision side the A columns by impact force by the front wall upper beam to Opposite side transmission, and pass through front wall upper beam passage transmission into vertical beam under the front wall and the front panel.
Further, when vehicle biasing is touched, the first support passes to the front longitudinal impact force, so that before described Longeron is deformed to vehicle outside.
Relative to the prior art, vehicle body of the present invention has the advantage that:
Vehicle body according to the present invention, by setting a plurality of power transmission passage, can efficiently and rapidly absorb, decompose stress, can With the effectively scattered impact force transmitted rearward, so as to which front panel intrusion volume is greatly reduced, can to avoid vehicle body by Damage is serious, can better ensure that the sufficient living space of passenger compartment.
Brief description of the drawings
The attached drawing for forming the part of the present invention is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, schematic reality of the invention Apply example and its explanation is used to explain the present invention, do not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1-Fig. 3 is respectively the partial structural diagram of the vehicle body different angle described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the rearview of the front panel of the vehicle body weight described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is front wall upper beam, under front wall in vertical beam and front panel passage connection diagram;
Fig. 6 is the cooperation top view of front longitudinal and roof side rail;
Fig. 7 is the sectional view in the A-A directions along Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the cooperation stereogram of front longitudinal and roof side rail;
Fig. 9 is the cooperation side view of front longitudinal and roof side rail;
Figure 10 is the local overlooking schematic diagram of the vehicle body described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the sectional view in the B-B directions along Figure 10;
Figure 12 is front longitudinal, sill strip, the cooperation schematic diagram of preceding longitudinal floor beam;
Figure 13 is the top view of the vehicle body described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the enlarged drawing of region C in Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the local overlooking schematic diagram of the vehicle body described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the sectional view in the D-D directions along Figure 15;
Figure 17 is the stereogram of the front deck of the vehicle body described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the partial structural diagram that front panel and gusset plate coordinate;
Figure 19 is the sectional view in the F-F directions along Figure 20;
Figure 20 is the cooperation schematic diagram of roof side rail, A columns and squab panel;
Figure 21 is the sectional view in the G-G directions along Figure 22;
Figure 22 is the top view on the floor in the vehicle body described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 23 is the stereogram of the vehicle body described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 24 illustrates for the impact force transmission of passage in vertical beam under front wall upper beam, front wall in vehicle side impact and front panel Figure.
Description of reference numerals:
Vehicle body 10000;
A columns 100;
Front anti-collision beam 200;Energy-absorption box 201;
Front longitudinal 300;
Front panel 400;Passage 401 in front panel;Front wall upper beam 402;Vertical beam 403 under front wall;Front wall middle cross beam 404; Front wall lower plate 405;Front wall upper plate 406;
Preceding longitudinal floor beam 500;
Roof side rail 600;First support 601;First support plate 6011;Second support plate 6012;
Second support 602;First connector 6021;Second connector 6022;3rd stent 603;Segmental arc 604;It is straight Section 605;
Front end closing structure 700;
Sill strip 800;Preceding torsion box 801;
Longitudinal floor beam 900 afterwards;Leading portion 901;Stage casing 902;Back segment 903;
Passage 1000 in floor;Middle passage power transmission path 1001;Middle passage connecting plate 1002;
Floor crossmember 1100 afterwards;
Wheel cover 1200;
Wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300;Part I 1301;Part II 1302;
Gusset plate 1400;Connector 1500;
Seat front beam 1601;Seat rear cross beam 1602;Connecting plate 1603 before seat;Outside link plate 1605;Interior connecting plate 1606;Reinforcing rib 1607;Overlap edge 1608;
Floor upper longitudinal beam 1700.
Embodiment
It should be noted that in the case where there is no conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the present invention can phase Mutually combination.
The vehicle body 10000 for embodiment of coming that the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to Fig. 1-Figure 23 and in conjunction with the embodiments.
Vehicle body 10000 according to embodiments of the present invention can include:200, two two A columns 100, front anti-collision beam front longitudinals 300th, vertical beam 403 and two preceding longitudinal floor beams 500 under front panel 400, front wall upper beam 402, front wall, certainly, vehicle body 10000 is also It can include miscellaneous part, for example, roof side rail 600, sill strip 800 and rear longitudinal floor beam 900 etc..
As shown in Figure 1, the front end of two front longitudinals 300 is connected at the both ends of front anti-collision beam 200, and specifically, two Energy-absorption box 201 is additionally provided between the front end of bar front longitudinal 300 and the both ends of front anti-collision beam 200, which can be in car Energy is absorbed during central collision, so as to reduce the impact force transmitted backward, the safety concerns of passenger can be lifted.
Every front longitudinal 300 is connected by a plurality of power transmission passage with the A columns 100 of homonymy, and homonymy is positioned at left side herein Front longitudinal 300 is connected with the A columns 100 positioned at left side, and the front longitudinal 300 positioned at right side is connected with the A columns 100 positioned at right side.Pass Power passage is the passage for transmitting impact force, which can be physical components.Wherein it is possible to understand, pass through setting A plurality of power transmission passage, power transmission passage increase, so can efficiently and rapidly absorb, decompose stress, can effectively disperse transmission to The impact force at rear, can be impaired serious to avoid vehicle body 10000 so as to which 400 intrusion volume of front panel is greatly reduced, can To better ensure that the sufficient living space of passenger compartment.Content describes the specific arrangement form of power transmission passage in detail again below.
The rear end of two front longitudinals 300 is connected in front panel 400, and so in vehicle frontal collision, impact force can pass through Front anti-collision beam 200 and front longitudinal 300 are delivered in front panel 400.Front panel 400 is connected with two A columns 100.Such as Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 Shown, front wall upper beam 402 is arranged on the top of front panel 400, and wherein front panel 400 is included under front wall upper plate 406 and front wall Plate 405, front wall upper plate 406 are arranged on the top of front wall lower plate 405, and front wall upper plate 406 forms the top of front panel 400, front wall Lower plate 405 forms the lower part of front panel 400.Front wall upper beam 402 can be located at the upper end of front wall upper plate 406.Need what is illustrated It is that front wall upper beam 402 is arranged in the rear surface of front wall upper plate 406.
As shown in Fig. 5 and Figure 24, the lower part of front panel 400 is provided with passage 401 in front panel, vertical beam 403 under front wall Upper end is connected to front wall upper beam 402, and the lower end of vertical beam 403 extends to passage 401 in front panel under front wall.Alternatively, Passage 401 can be weldingly connected in the lower end of vertical beam 403 and front panel under front wall, and so connection is reliable between the two, power transmission effect Rate is high.Thus, it is delivered to the impact force at front wall upper beam 402 and can be delivered to by vertical beam under front wall 403 in front panel and is led to At road 401, passage 401 can be connected with passage 1000 in the floor on floor wherein in front panel, and such impact force can pass It is delivered on floor, so as to better disperse impact force, can effectively mitigates the burden of front panel 400, and then can be effective Protect passenger.
In vehicle frontal collision, the impact force of front anti-collision beam 200 passes to two front longitudinals 300 at rear, every front longitudinal Impact force is passed to front panel 400 by 300 again, and the A columns 100 of homonymy are passed to by a plurality of power transmission passage of homonymy, also The preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 of homonymy is passed to, the impact force for passing to A columns 100 passes through vertical beam under front wall upper beam 402 and front wall 403 pass to passage 401 in front panel.
Specifically, as shown in figure 5, in vehicle frontal collision, the both ends that impact force places crossbeam 402 in the past are passed to midpoint Pass, then enclose lower vertical beam 403 further along and transmit, impact force can also be passed to passage in front panel by vertical beam 403 under front wall 401。
Certainly, in vehicle side impact, positioned at collision side A columns 100 by impact force by front wall upper beam 402 to opposite side Transmit, and into vertical beam under front wall 403 and front panel, passage 401 transmits by front wall upper beam 402.
Such as the left side that side impact position is vehicle, as shown in figure 24, the left end that impact force places crossbeam 402 in the past passes to the right Pass, be delivered to the impact force of 402 midpoint of front wall upper beam, a part continues to transmit to the right, and another part under front wall by erecting Passage 401 transmits downwards in beam 403 and front panel.
The front end of every preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 is connected with the rear end of the front longitudinal 300 of homonymy, such 300 energy of front longitudinal It is enough that impact force is delivered on preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, so as to the effectively scattered impact force on the anteroposterior direction of vehicle, and Every preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 is configured to linear, and 500 power transmission efficiency of preceding longitudinal floor beam of linear is high, and before linear 500 simple production process of longitudinal floor beam, so as to reduce the production cost of preceding longitudinal floor beam 500.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, sill strip 800 can be two, the front end of every sill strip 800 and homonymy it is preceding vertical The rear end of beam 300 is connected.Sill strip 800 extends along the longitudinal direction, and impact force can also be delivered to threshold by such front longitudinal 300 On beam 800, so as to effectively transmit and decompose impact force, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Longitudinal floor beam 900 is two afterwards, rear end and door of the longitudinal floor beam 900 with the preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 of homonymy after every The rear end of sill beam 800 is connected so that preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, sill strip 800 and rear longitudinal floor beam 900 form power transmission closed loop configuration. Thus, then being delivered to the impact force of front longitudinal 300 can transmit by the way that preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 and sill strip 800 are scattered, precedingly Impact force is delivered on rear longitudinal floor beam 900 by plate longeron 500 and sill strip 800 again, and rear longitudinal floor beam 900 can be by impact force It is transferred on subframe, so can effectively lifts 10000 lower part power transmission effect of vehicle body, can effectively be lifted under vehicle body 10000 The mode in portion, so as to lift the safety by bus of passenger.It should be noted that the setting of power transmission closed loop configuration on the one hand can be with Power transmission effect is lifted, on the other hand can improve the structural reliability of vehicle body 10000.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, vehicle body 10000 can also include:Two roof side rails 600, the rear end of every roof side rail 600 connect It is connected on the A columns 100 of homonymy, and multiple connecting portions is provided between every roof side rail 600 and the front longitudinal 300 of homonymy, with Front longitudinal 300 is set to be connected by a plurality of power transmission passage with A columns 100.Therefrom, it may be appreciated that front longitudinal 300 can be by upper Side bar 600 is connected with A columns 100, wherein, the connection mode between front longitudinal 300 and roof side rail 600 has a variety of, every kind of connection side Formula is embodied by different connecting portions, is led to so that being provided with a plurality of power transmission between front longitudinal 300 and A columns 100 Road, in other words, a connecting portion and roof side rail 600 may be constructed a power transmission passage.In addition, front longitudinal 300 can also pass through Front panel 400 is connected with A columns 100, so similarly forms a power transmission passage.
Thus, it is possible to make full use of roof side rail 600, roof side rail 600 can share the stress of front longitudinal 300, and pass through Multiple connecting portions are set, the front deck of vehicle body 10000 can be caused efficiently and rapidly to absorb, decompose stress, can be greatly lowered 400 intrusion volume of front panel, can better ensure that the sufficient living space of crew module.
The specific arrangement form of multiple connecting portions is described in detail below.
Vehicle body 10000 includes front longitudinal component, and front longitudinal component includes front longitudinal 300, first support 301 and roof side rail 600。
An alternative embodiment according to the present invention, as shown in Fig. 4-Fig. 9, multiple connecting portions can include:First support 601, first support 601 extends in the lateral direction, and the inner of first support 601 is connected to the outside of front longitudinal 300, and And the inner of first support 601 is connected to the outer of first support 601 close to the front end of front longitudinal 300, the preceding lower end of roof side rail 600 End.In other words, first support 601 is connected between front longitudinal 300 and the preceding lower end of roof side rail 600, so in vehicle frontal collision, Front longitudinal 300 can be by first support 601 and roof side rail 600 to 100 power transmission of A columns, then can be for delivery to floor and gusset On plate 1400, so as to effectively scattered impact force, and in the process, roof side rail 600 can absorb and decompose stress.And And when vehicle biasing is touched, first support 601 and bar contact, front side rails 300 apply to the power on the outside of overall width direction, this Sample can guide front longitudinal 300 to increase enging cabin compression stroke to deformation on the outside of overall width direction, can mitigate front panel 400 Burden, moreover, the first support 601 being arranged such can be conducive to transmit and decompose stress.
Roof side rail 600 can effectively absorb energy, and impact force can be passed to A columns 100 by roof side rail 600, and Front longitudinal 300 is passed to by first support 601, so as to effectively disperse stress, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Wherein, first support 601 can be welded and fixed with front longitudinal 300 and roof side rail 600 respectively, such fixed form letter It is single and reliable, and be welded and fixed efficient.Roof side rail 600 is inclined upwardly extension on direction from front to back, so sets The roof side rail 600 put can match with the shape of vehicle body 10000, being capable of preferably power transmission.
Alternatively, the cross section of first support 601 can be closing structure.601 structure of first support being arranged such can It is more preferable by property.So when vehicle generation biasing is touched, first support 601 can effectively transmit stress, so as to improve biasing Touch effect.Specifically, as shown in fig. 7, first support 601 includes:First support plate 6011 and second support plate 6012, first Frame plate 6011 takes the shape of the letter U, and second support plate 6012 is fixed on the opening of first support plate 6011, and second support plate 6012 is close Feng Kaikou.So first support 601 is simple in structure, and manufacture cost is low, in addition, can so cause first support 601 is formed to close Close structure.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 8, first support plate 6011 and second support plate 6012 are respectively arranged with and front longitudinal 300 Fixed side flanging.Side flanging can be welded and fixed with the lateral wall of front longitudinal 300, such first support 601 and front longitudinal 300 It is fixed reliable, and can so be conducive to the transmission of impact force when biasing is touched.
As shown in figure 8, first support plate 6011 and second support plate 6012 are respectively arranged with the side fixed with roof side rail 600 Flange.That is, first support 601 is fixed again by side flanging and roof side rail 600, such first support 601 and top Beam 600 is fixed reliably, and can so be conducive to the transmission of impact force when biasing is touched.
Further, as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 21, multiple connecting portions can also include:Second support 602, second support 602 are connected between the roof side rail 600 of homonymy and front longitudinal 300, and the junction of second support 602 and roof side rail 600 is positioned at the One stent 601 and the back upper place of the junction of roof side rail 600.That is, on the basis of first support 601, front longitudinal 300 Second support 602 is also associated between roof side rail 600, second support 602 can equally transmit impact force, so in vehicle just When touching, impact force can be passed to A columns 100 by front longitudinal 300 by second support 602 and roof side rail 600, so that A columns 100 can To pass to the gusset plate 1400 at rear and floor.
Specifically, as shown in figure 21, second support 602 can include:First connector 6021 and the second connector 6022, First connector 6021 extends in the lateral direction, and the first connector 6021 is connected to 600 and second connector of roof side rail Between 6022, the second connector 6022 extends in the up-down direction, and the lower end of the second connector 6022 is connected to front longitudinal On 300.The second support 602 being arranged such is simple in structure, and can rationally connect front longitudinal 300 and roof side rail 600, can be with Lift power transmission efficiency.
Wherein, as shown in figure 21, the first connector 6021 can be arc-shaped, and the second connector 6022 is with groove and preceding The unlimited platy structure in end.Such first connector 6021 can effectively connect the second connector 6022 and roof side rail 600, and The front deck space of vehicle body 10000 can be rationally adapted to, in addition, the second connector 6022 being arranged such can be in order to vehicle body The installation of 10000 miscellaneous parts, so as to improve the structural integrity of vehicle body 10000, and then can lift vehicle body 10000 Structural reliability.
As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 17, vehicle body 10000 can also include:Front end closing structure 700, front end closing structure 700 It is connected to by the second connector 6022 on front longitudinal 300., so can be in order to preceding since 6022 front end of the second connector is opened wide The installation of closing structure 700 is held, and can ensure the erection space of 700 and second connector 6022 of front end closing structure, from And it can further improve the installation reliability of front end closing structure 700.Wherein, front end closing structure 700 can be in integrally Rectangle, front end closing structure 700 can cause the front deck uniform force of vehicle body 10000, can improve power transmission efficiency.
Wherein, first support 601, second support 602, roof side rail 600 be located at first support 601 and second support 602 it Between part between first support 601 and second support 602 of part and front longitudinal 300 form quadrilateral space.It is empty Between quadrangle it is more reliable and more stable, the front hatch sections structure of such vehicle body 10000 is relatively reliable, and stability is more preferable, power transmission effect More preferably.
Further, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, multiple connecting portions can also include:3rd stent 603, the 3rd stent 603, the 3rd stent 603 is connected between roof side rail 600 and front longitudinal 300, the junction of the 3rd stent 603 and roof side rail 600 Positioned at the rear of second support 602 Yu the junction of roof side rail 600.That is, in first support 601 and second support 602 On the basis of, the 3rd stent 603,600 structure of the 3rd stent 603 and roof side rail are also associated between front longitudinal 300 and roof side rail 600 Into a power transmission passage.By setting the 3rd stent 603, the power transmission between front longitudinal 300 and A columns 100 can be preferably enriched Passage, can cause the front deck uniform force of vehicle body 10000, and power transmission effect is good, and power transmission efficiency is high.
Alternatively, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the platy structure that the 3rd stent 603 can be integrally formed.Thus, the 3rd Frame 603 is simple in structure and reliable, and manufacture cost is low.
Specifically, as shown in Fig. 2, roof side rail 600 can include:Segmental arc 604 and flat segments 605, segmental arc 604 connect In the front of flat segments 605, first support 601 and second support 602 are connected on segmental arc 604, and the 3rd stent 603 connects It is connected in flat segments 605, flat segments 605 are connected with the A columns 100 at rear.By the way that the leading portion 901 of roof side rail 600 is arranged to arc Shape, can be conducive to its power transmission, and can more be matched with the front deck shape of vehicle body 10000.In addition, by by the 3rd stent 603 back segment 903 is arranged to flat, can be passed in order to which the power of segmental arc 604 is transferred at A columns 100 so as to be lifted Power effect.
, wherein it is desired to explanation, roof side rail 600 can be made of former and later two structures, formed with arc on front portion structure Shape section 604 and a part of flat segments 605, rear structure unitary construction be flat segments 605 another part, such front portion structure and Rear structure connection is reliable and smooth, so as to improve the structural reliability of roof side rail 600.
Alternatively, the width on extending direction from front to back of roof side rail 600 is incremented by, the quality of such roof side rail 600 compared with Gently, so as to meet the light-weight design requirement of vehicle, and connected between the rear end of roof side rail 600 and A columns 100 more reliable.
Alternatively, roof side rail 600 is linear in the projection of horizontal plane, roof side rail 600 on direction from back to front to It is tilted.In other words, roof side rail 600 is outward-dipping on direction from front to back, and such 600 structure of roof side rail is reliable, and In collision deformation, roof side rail 600 can be deformed as the outside of vehicle body 10000, and roof side rail 600 can also pass through multiple companies Socket part guiding front longitudinal 300 outwards deforms, and so as to reduce the intrusion volume to passenger compartment, safety existence can be provided for passenger Space.
Vehicle body 10000 further includes wheel cover 1200, describes in detail the arrangement form at wheel cover 1200 below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 with shown in Figure 20, wheel cover 1200 is installed on the rear upper of front longitudinal 300, and front panel 400 connects The rear of wheel cover 1200 is connected on, in other words, wheel cover 1200 extends back and is connected with front panel 400.Set on wheel cover 1200 There is wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 is made of Part I 1301 and Part II 1302, Part I 1301 Preceding lower end for the preceding lower end of wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300, and wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 is connected on the rear portion of front longitudinal 300, example Such as, the preceding lower end of wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 is weldingly fixed on the rear portion of front longitudinal 300, the Part II of wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 1302 are integrally attached on wheel cover 1200.Thus, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 can effectively strengthen wheel cover 1200, and wheel cover is strengthened Beam 1300 can play intermal force, for example, the impact force on front longitudinal 300 can be transferred to wheel cover by wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 On 1200, impact force can be further delivered in front panel 400 by wheel cover 1200, and front panel 400 can also be further It is delivered on gusset plate 1400 and floor, so as to effectively decompose stress, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
As shown in Figure 18 and Figure 19, vehicle body 10000 can also include:Connector 1500, connector 1500 are connected to front wall Between plate 400 and gusset plate 1400, the lower part of connector 1500 across front panel 400 on left and right directions and above-below direction with wheel It is oppositely arranged before and after cover reinforcing beam 1300.Thus, the impact force being transferred on wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 can be by front panel 400 It is transferred to connector 1500 in gusset plate 1400, stress is so further effectively decomposed, so as to lift touching for vehicle Hit performance.In addition, by setting connector 1500,10000 rigidity of vehicle body and intensity, and the energy in collision can be effectively increased Enough suppress passenger compartment deformation, it is ensured that the living space of passenger.
Wherein, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 can be arranged on the outside of wheel cover 1200.Thus, it is possible to it is easy to wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 and connector 1500 correspond to, so as to improve the structural reliability of vehicle body 10000.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 21, the Part II 1302 of wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 extends to wheel cover 1200 and front panel Junction between 400.The wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 being arranged such can effectively strengthen wheel cover 1200, and so can also be Impact force is effectively transmitted during vehicle frontal collision, power transmission effect can be lifted.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 20, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 is arc-shaped, and the wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 of arc can be with wheel cover 1200 match, and the extension that can wriggle from front to back.In addition, the wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 of arc is simple in structure and reliable.
Wherein, as shown in figure 18, triangle closed loop is formed between front panel 400, gusset plate 1400 and connector 1500 to connect Binding structure.Thus, connected between front panel 400 and gusset plate 1400 it is reliable, and can be by 1500 power transmission of connector, so The triangle closed loop connection structure of setting can enrich Path of Force Transfer, can lift power transmission effect, and then can lift vehicle Collision performance.
Further, as shown in figure 18, the top of connector 1500 can also be fixed with front wall upper beam 402.It can manage Solution, in the up-down direction, connector 1500 divides to be used to be connected with front wall upper beam 402 for upper and lower part, top, lower part For being connected with front panel 400, the connection that so can further improve between gusset plate 1400 and front panel 400 is reliable Property, and Path of Force Transfer can be enriched, so as to lift the collision performance of vehicle.
Specifically, connector 1500 is welded and fixed with front wall upper beam 402 and front panel 400 respectively.It is welded and fixed a side Face can improve the fixation reliability of connector 1500, on the other hand can improve the production efficiency of vehicle body 10000.
As shown in 16 and Figure 17, vehicle body 10000 further includes front wall middle cross beam 404, and front wall middle cross beam 404 is arranged on front panel In 400 front surface.The both ends of front wall middle cross beam 404 be connected respectively with the rear end of two front longitudinals 300 with front anti-collision beam 200th, two front longitudinals 300 form power transmission closed loop configuration.Power transmission closed loop configuration is closed loop in structure, and can be played Intermal force.For example, in vehicle frontal collision, impact force can be passed to two front longitudinals 300 at rear by front anti-collision beam 200, Since the rear end of two front longitudinals 300 is connected with front wall middle cross beam 404, such impact force can be transferred to front wall middle cross beam On 404, the front wall middle cross beam 404 being arranged such can effectively enrich Path of Force Transfer, can effectively disperse stress, so as to press down The deformation of passenger compartment processed, can provide living space for passenger.
It should be noted that the power transmission between front wall middle cross beam 404 and front longitudinal 300 is not rushed mutually with other Path of Force Transfer It is prominent, for example, impact force can be still transferred in the structures such as preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, sill strip 800 by front longitudinal 300, front wall middle cross beam 404 setting can lift the structural strength of vehicle body 10000, and can enrich Path of Force Transfer.
Front wall upper plate reinforcing plate is additionally provided with front wall upper plate 406, front wall upper plate reinforcing plate is transversal with front wall upper plate 406 Face is in F shapes.Wherein, front wall upper plate 406 is arranged on the top of front wall middle cross beam 404, and the both ends of front wall upper plate 406 can connect respectively The shock absorber bearing of both sides is connect, such front wall upper plate 406 can effectively strengthen the structural strength of front panel 400, and front wall upper plate 406 can lift the front deck globality of vehicle body 10000, so as to further improve the structural reliability of vehicle body 10000.
Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 1 and 19, the both ends of front wall middle cross beam 404 tilt down extension with after front longitudinal 300 End is connected.Wherein front wall middle cross beam 404 can be including left section, stage casing and right section, and stage casing is connected between left section and right section, stage casing Substantially horizontal-extending in the lateral direction, left section tilts extension, and the rear end of the front longitudinal 300 in left section of lower-left end and left side It is connected, left section of upper right side is connected with stage casing, and right section of bottom righthand side is connected with the rear end of the front longitudinal 300 on right side, the left side of right section Upper end is connected with stage casing.The front wall middle cross beam 404 being arranged such can be while 400 structure of front panel be rationally strengthened, effectively Ground is connected with the front longitudinal 300 of both sides.
Alternatively, as shown in Figure 1, the rear end inward slant extension of front longitudinal 300 is with the end phase with front wall middle cross beam 404 Even.The front longitudinal 300 being arranged such can be effectively with front wall middle cross beam 404 end be connected, it is preceding and in vehicle frontal collision Longeron 300 can be deformed outwards, and so as to reduce 400 intrusion volume of front panel, living space is provided for passenger.
Specifically, the rear portion of front longitudinal 300 is bent upwards extension on direction from front to back, vertical before can so being lifted The structural strength of beam 300, can guide the rear portion of front longitudinal 300 upwardly-deformed, so as to reduce front wall in vehicle frontal collision 400 intrusion volume of plate.
Further, the rear portion of front longitudinal 300 stretches out on direction from front to back.Outwardly extending front longitudinal 300 rear portion can guide the rear portion of front longitudinal 300 outwards to deform in vehicle frontal collision, be invaded so as to reduce front panel 400 Enter amount.
It should be noted that the part upwardly extended of front longitudinal 300 and outwardly extending part can be same herein Part.
Alternatively, the width of front wall middle cross beam 404 successively decreases from midpoint to both sides.So intensity of front wall middle cross beam 404 Overall distribution is suitable in the lateral direction, so as to improve the structural reliability of front wall middle cross beam 404.
The arrangement form of the seat beam of vehicle body 10000 is described in detail with reference to Figure 15 and Figure 22.
As shown in figure 22, vehicle body 10000 can include floor, and floor can include:Two seat front beams 1601, two Connecting plate, two sill strips, 800, two 1605 and of outside link plate after connecting plate 1603, seat before seat rear cross beam 1602, seat Two interior connecting plates 1606, two seat front beams 1601 are spaced apart in the lateral direction, and two seat front beams 1601 It is connected by connecting plate before seat 1603, the outer end of two seat front beams 1601 is connected on two sill strips 800;Two Seat rear cross beam 1602 is spaced apart in the lateral direction, and the outer end of each seat rear cross beam 1602 is connected by outside link plate 1605 On sill strip 800, and the inner of each seat rear cross beam 1602 is connected to connecting plate after seat by interior connecting plate 1606 On, it is respectively arranged with Seat-fixed point on two outside link plates 1605 and two interior connecting plates 1606.Thus, seat front beam 1601st, coherent structure can be formed between seat rear cross beam 1602 and two sill strips 800, so can guarantee that the peace of front-row seats Function and installation strength are filled, so as to lift the ability and rigidity of preceding floor anti-torsion, the side impact performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Alternatively, it is respectively arranged with the roof of two seat front beams 1601 and two seat rear cross beams 1602 along left and right The reinforcing rib 1607 of direction extension.Reinforcing rib 1607 can effectively strengthen corresponding seat front beam 1601 and seat rear cross beam 1602 structural strength, so that in vehicle side impact, seat front beam 1601 and seat rear cross beam 1602 will not raise up, from And the intrusion to passenger compartment can be reduced, the safety concerns of passenger can be lifted.Specifically, reinforcing rib 1607 can be concave bar Or convex ribs.Convex ribs or concave bar are simple in structure, so as to reduce the system of seat front beam 1601 and seat rear cross beam 1602 Difficulty is made, the manufacture difficulty of vehicle body 10000 can be reduced.
Alternatively, the height of seat front beam 1601 is more than the height of seat rear cross beam 1602.Due to outside link plate 1605 Seat-fixed point is provided with interior connecting plate 1606, in this way, seat rear cross beam 1602 is without setting and seat front beam 1601 Contour, such height of seat rear cross beam 1602 is smaller, so as to reduce the weight of seat rear cross beam 1602, and then can reduce The weight of vehicle body 10000.Further, the 1/2 of 1601 height of seat front beam can be more than the height of seat rear cross beam 1602. The seat rear cross beam 1602 being arranged such on the one hand can be in order to the installation of outside link plate 1605 and interior connecting plate 1606, the opposing party Face can preferably reduce the weight of vehicle body 10000.
Specifically, outside link plate 1605 and interior connecting plate 1606 are inverted U shape, and outside link plate 1605 and interior connecting plate 1606 lower edge is fixed on the side wall of seat rear cross beam 1602.Wherein, fixed form can be to be welded and fixed, so outer to connect Fishplate bar 1605 and interior connecting plate 1606 are simple in structure, and outside link plate 1605 and interior connecting plate 1606 respectively with seat rear cross beam 1602 fix reliably.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 22, outside link plate 1605 can include the overlap edge for being overlapped on 800 roof of sill strip 1608.Overlap edge 1608 can increase the contact area between outside link plate 1605 and sill strip 800, so can be further Improve the connection reliability between outside link plate 1605 and sill strip 800.
Alternatively, interior connecting plate 1606 can include being overlapped on the side flanging after seat on connecting plate side wall.Side flanging is same Sample can play the role of increasing contact area, so that being fixed more between connecting plate after interior connecting plate 1606 and seat Add reliable.
The floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 of vehicle body 10000 is described in detail with reference to Figure 22.
Vehicle body 10000 can include floor upper longitudinal beam 1700, and floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 is arranged on the top on floor, under front wall Plate 405 is connected to the front side on floor, and floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 tilts extension in front wall lower plate 405 and floor.Traditional floor Upper longitudinal beam is extended on floor, and the floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 of the present invention is extended forwardly on floor, so as to effective The connection reliability between floor and front wall lower plate 405 is improved, and floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 can also play intermal force, from And stress can be effectively decomposed, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.As shown in figure 11, floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 is in anteroposterior direction The upper rear end with front longitudinal 300 is oppositely arranged across front wall lower plate 405.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 21, floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 tilts from inside to outside on direction from front to back Extension.So floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 can effectively suppress floor deformation in vehicle frontal collision and side impact, so as to be lifted The collision performance of vehicle.And the floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 being arranged such can be connected in order to it with the component in front.
Alternatively, the rear side of front wall lower plate 405 is provided with the front wall lower plate reinforcing rib extended in left-right direction, is indulged on floor Beam 1700 is two, and front wall lower plate reinforcing rib is connected with two floor upper longitudinal beams 1700 respectively, two floor upper longitudinal beams 1700 Rear end is connected with the seat front beam 1601 of both sides respectively.Thus, front wall lower plate reinforcing rib, two floor upper longitudinal beams 1700, two Connecting plate 1603 forms power transmission closed loop configuration, so in vehicle frontal collision, impact force energy before a seat front beam 1601 and seat It is enough that seat front beam 1601 is transferred to by floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 from the front wall lower plate reinforcing rib in front panel 400, so as to Effectively to decompose stress, power transmission effect can be lifted, and then the collision performance of vehicle can be improved.
Wherein, seat front beam 1601 is also connected with passage in floor 1000.Specifically, in floor passage 1000 lower section Connecting plate 1603 before seat is provided with, connecting plate 1603 is connected between two seat front beams 1601 before seat.
The front side of front wall lower plate 405 is provided with front wall middle cross beam 404, before front wall middle cross beam 404 and front wall lower plate reinforcing rib It is corresponding afterwards, and front wall middle cross beam 404 and front wall lower plate reinforcing rib weigh at least partially on left and right directions and above-below direction Close.Thus, by setting front wall middle cross beam 404 and front wall lower plate reinforcing rib, the structure that can effectively strengthen front panel 400 is strong Degree, can suppress the intrusion volume of front panel 400, can provide living space for passenger.In addition, when impact force is transmitted, transmit Impact force on to front wall middle cross beam 404 can be transferred on front wall lower plate reinforcing rib and floor upper longitudinal beam 1700, so as to Effectively abundant Path of Force Transfer, can lift the collision performance of vehicle.
Alternatively, as shown in figure 15, floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 is linear.1700 structure of the floor upper longitudinal beam letter of linear It is single and reliable, it is simple to manufacture.
The arrangement form of rear longitudinal floor beam 900 is described in detail below.
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, rear longitudinal floor beam 900 includes:Leading portion 901, stage casing 902 and back segment 903, leading portion 901 connect Before being connected on the rear end of longitudinal floor beam 500, stage casing 902 is connected with the rear end of sill strip 800, and back segment 903 prolongs backward from stage casing 902 Extend Rear secondary frame for vehicle.Thus, rear longitudinal floor beam 900 can effectively connect sill strip 800 and preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, in addition rearly Plate longeron 900 can also be connected with subframe, and so rear longitudinal floor beam 900 can pass sill strip 800 and preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 Pass the impact force come and pass to subframe, so as to effectively transmit impact force, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Specifically, as shown in figure 14, the width in stage casing 902 is more than the width of leading portion 901, and the outer wall patch in stage casing 902 By being fixed on the inner wall of sill strip 800.Thus, a part of of stage casing 902 can stretch to extending out, and such stage casing 902 can be with The rear end of the sill strip 800 in outside is connected, so that rear longitudinal floor beam 900 and sill strip 800 are fixed reliably.
Wherein, as shown in figure 13, vehicle body 10000 can also include:Passage 1000 and rear floor crossmember 1100, ground in floor Passage 1000 is connected between the rear end of front longitudinal 300 and rear floor crossmember 1100 in plate, and rear floor crossmember 1100 is also with rear Plate longeron 900 is connected to form power transmission closed loop configuration with passage in floor 1000, preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 and rear longitudinal floor beam 900. Therefrom, it may be appreciated that impact force can not only be passed to sill strip 800 and preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 by front longitudinal 300, also Impact force can be passed to passage 1000 in floor.Passage 1000 can be by rear floor crossmember 1100 by impact force in floor Pass to rear longitudinal floor beam 900.Floor impact force bang path so can be preferably enriched, so as to effectively scattered collision Power, can lift the collision performance of vehicle.
Specifically, in floor on passage 1000 formed with the middle passage power transmission path 1001 extended along the longitudinal direction.In lead to Road power transmission path 1001 can cause impact force directly to transmit in the longitudinal direction, lead to so as to further be lifted in floor The power transmission effect in road 1000, can lift power transmission efficiency.For example, middle passage power transmission path 1001 can be groove.It is arranged such 1001 power transmissions of middle passage power transmission path it is reliable, and set simple.
It should be noted that the left side of passage 1000 and right side are both provided with a middle passage power transmission path in floor 1001, the middle passage power transmission path 1001 positioned at left side is corresponding with the preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 in left side, the middle passage positioned at right side Power transmission path 1001 is corresponding with the preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 on right side.
Wherein, as shown in figure 12, vehicle body 10000 can also include:Middle passage connecting plate 1002, middle passage connecting plate 1002 Before being connected in longitudinal floor beam 500 and floor between passage 1000, middle passage connecting plate 1002, the rear portion of front longitudinal 300 and preceding Longitudinal floor beam 500 forms Y-shaped force transferring structure.In this way, power transmission efficiency is high, power transmission disperses, so as to lift the collision of vehicle Performance.
Further, torsion box 801 before being connected between the rear portion of sill strip 800 and front longitudinal 300, passage in floor Be connected with middle passage connecting plate 1002 between 1000 and the rear portion of front longitudinal 300, preceding torsion box 801, preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, in Passage connecting plate 1002 forms trifid structure.In this way, front longitudinal 300 can be passed with three direction power transmissions backward so as to be lifted Power effect, can lift the collision performance of vehicle.
Vehicle body 10000 according to embodiments of the present invention is described in detail by taking the vehicle body 10000 shown in Figure 23 as an example below just The transmittance process of impact force when touching.
The concrete structure of the vehicle body 10000 shown in Figure 23 once is first described, vehicle body 10000 includes:Front anti-collision beam 200, inhale Can box 201, front longitudinal 300, front end closing structure 700, roof side rail 600, multiple connecting portions, A columns 100, gusset plate 1400, front wall Erected under plate 400, front wall middle cross beam 404, wheel cover 1200, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300, connector 1500, front wall upper beam 402, front wall It is passage 1000 in passage 401, front wall lower plate reinforcing rib, floor, floor in beam 403, front panel, middle passage connecting plate 1002, preceding Torsion box 801, floor upper longitudinal beam 1700, sill strip 800, preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, rear longitudinal floor beam 900, rear floor crossmember 1100th, the component such as subframe, seat front beam 1601, seat rear cross beam 1602.Wherein, no longer retouched for the quantity of above-mentioned component State, those skilled in the art can clearly confirm according to the above and attached drawing, for example, front longitudinal 300 is symmetrical two Bar, roof side rail 600 are symmetrical two.
In vehicle frontal collision, the impact force for colliding generation is directly passed to front anti-collision beam 200, and front anti-collision beam 200 is in both sides Energy-absorption box 201 absorb energy after impact force is transmitted to the front longitudinal 300 at rear, every front anti-collision beam 200 has multiple power transmissions Passage is delivered to A columns 100, and wherein A columns 100 are connected with front panel 400 and gusset plate 1400, so can effectively decompose stress.
The impact force that front longitudinal 300 transmits backward can also be roughly divided into both direction, and one is front panel 400 and gusset 1400 direction of plate, one is floor direction.
First say 1400 direction of front panel 400 and gusset plate:A part of impact force can be passed through first support by front longitudinal 300 601 pass to roof side rail 600, which can be passed to A columns 100, can so enrich impact force by roof side rail 600 Bang path, the burden of front longitudinal 300 can be mitigated, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Another part impact force can be passed to roof side rail 600, roof side rail 600 by front longitudinal 300 by second support 602 The local collision power can be passed to A columns 100, the bang path of impact force can be so enriched, front longitudinal 300 can be mitigated Burden, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Herein, it is necessary to which explanation, second support 602 include the first connector 6021 and the second connector 6022, second Connector 6022 is used to connect front end closing structure 700, and such front longitudinal 300 can be closed a part of impact force by front end Structure 700 passes to second support 602, and second support 602 passes to roof side rail 600 again, and front end closing structure 700 can cause Impact force is transmitted uniformly, can lift power transmission effect.
Another local collision power can also be passed to roof side rail 600, roof side rail by front longitudinal 300 by the 3rd stent 603 600 can pass to the local collision power on A columns 100, can so enrich the bang path of impact force, can mitigate front longitudinal 300 burden, can lift the collision performance of vehicle.
Wherein, first support 601, multiple connecting portions that 602 and the 3rd stent 603 of second support is vehicle body 10000, so The multiple connecting portions set can increase Path of Force Transfer between front longitudinal 300 and roof side rail 600, can better disperse by Power, and first support 601, the power transmission process of 602 and the 3rd stent 603 of second support do not conflict mutually, it might even be possible to it is mutually complementary Fill, first support 601,602 and the 3rd stent 603 of second support can disperse the impact force at 300 diverse location of front longitudinal Ground is delivered at roof side rail 600, so as to preferably lift power transmission effect.
In addition, being connected with wheel cover 1200 between the rear portion of front longitudinal 300 and front panel 400, wheel is provided with wheel cover 1200 Cover reinforcing beam 1300, the preceding lower end of wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 are connected on the rear portion of front longitudinal 300, are then integrally attached to wheel again On cover 1200, another local collision power can be passed to wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 by such front longitudinal 300 Front panel 400 can be passed to by wheel cover 1200, front panel 400 is further continued for transmitting backward.Thus, wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 can With effectively abundant Path of Force Transfer, impact force can be effectively decomposed, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
1300 corresponding part of wheel cover reinforcing beam is provided with connector 1500, connector at the rear of front panel 400 1500 can effectively connect front panel 400 and gusset plate 1400, and connector 1500 is additionally coupled at front wall upper beam 402. So after wheel cover reinforcing beam 1300 is transferred in front panel 400, impact force can be in the front wall middle cross beam 404 in front panel 400 Upper transmission, can also be transferred in gusset plate 1400 backward by connector 1500, so can further disperse impact force, Power transmission efficiency can be lifted, the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Certainly, since the rear end of roof side rail 600 is connected directly with A columns 100, such roof side rail 600 is transferred to A columns 100 Impact force can pass to front panel 400 and gusset plate 1400, so as to further disperse impact force, can lift power transmission Effect.
Wherein, being transferred to the impact force in front panel 400 can transmit on front wall upper beam 402 from both ends to midpoint, Being transferred to the impact force of midpoint can be transmitted downwards by vertical beam under front wall 403, wherein, passage 401 and floor in front panel Middle passage 1000 is connected, and the impact force in such front panel 400 can be directly passed on floor.On 400 He of front panel It is described in detail again behind other power transmission forms between floor.
Impact force in gusset plate 1400 can be transmitted immediately rearward, and the impact force in gusset plate 1400 can also pass to Sill strip 800, sill strip 800 transmit backward.
In addition, the rear end of front longitudinal 300 is connected in front panel 400, and the rear end of two front longitudinals 300 also with front wall Front wall middle cross beam 404 on plate 400 is connected, and two front longitudinals 300, front anti-collision beam 200 and front wall middle cross beam 404 form power transmission Closed loop configuration.So another local collision power can also be delivered in front panel 400 and front wall middle cross beam 404 by front longitudinal 300, Front wall middle cross beam 404 can further decompose impact force, can be passenger so as to reduce the intrusion volume of front panel 400 Enough living spaces are provided.
Front wall middle cross beam 404 is arranged in the front surface of front panel 400, specifically, front wall middle cross beam 404 and front wall lower plate 405 are connected, and front wall lower plate reinforcing rib are provided with front wall lower plate 405, front wall lower plate reinforcing rib is across front wall lower plate 405 and front wall Some coincidence of middle cross beam 404, the impact force being so transferred in front panel 400 can be passed by front wall lower plate reinforcing rib Pass, impact force can be passed to floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 by front wall lower plate reinforcing rib, and floor upper longitudinal beam 1700 can be further Impact force is passed into seat front beam 1601, seat front beam 1601 can be transmitted to both sides, such seat front beam 1601 A part of impact force can be passed to the sill strip 800 in outside, another part impact force can also be passed to the ground of inner side Passage 1000 in plate.Path of Force Transfer of the impact force in front panel 400 and floor so can be effectively enriched, can effectively be disperseed Impact force, can lift the collision performance of vehicle.
It should be noted that seat rear cross beam 1602 is connected in floor between passage 1000 and sill strip 800, so pass Seat rear cross beam 1,602 1 can also be passed up in the side transmitted backward by being delivered to passage 1000 and sill strip 800 in floor Point, so as to further enrich Path of Force Transfer.
In conclusion the Path of Force Transfer in front panel 400 is broadly divided into five:First is front wall middle cross beam 404, second Bar is front wall upper beam 402, passage 401 in vertical beam 403 and front panel under front wall, and Article 3 is front wall lower plate reinforcing rib and floor Upper longitudinal beam 1700, Article 4 are connector 1500 and gusset plate 1400, and Article 5 is A columns 100 and gusset plate 1400.
Besides floor direction, the rear end of front longitudinal 300 are also connected with passage in sill strip 800, preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 and floor 1000, and as shown in figure 12, passage 1000 is arranged in trifid structure in sill strip 800, preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 and floor, tool Body, torsion box 801 before being additionally provided between the rear end of sill strip 800 and front longitudinal 300, passage 1000 and front longitudinal in floor Middle passage connecting plate 1002 is additionally provided between 300 rear end.
The impact force of 300 rear end of front longitudinal is transmitted as such to, three directions can be divided into and transmitted, one passes to sill strip 800, one passes to preceding longitudinal floor beam 500, and one passes to passage 1000 in floor, sill strip 800 and preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 It can pass to rear longitudinal floor beam 900 backward, be provided with middle passage power transmission path 1001 in floor on passage 1000, middle passage passes Power path 1001 can pass to rear longitudinal floor beam 900 by rear floor crossmember 1100, and rear longitudinal floor beam 900 passes to backward again Subframe.Path of Force Transfer of the impact force on floor so can be substantially enriched, can effectively decompose stress, collision can be lifted Power.
In conclusion the Path of Force Transfer on floor substantially four:First is preceding torsion box 801,800 and of sill strip Longitudinal floor beam 900 afterwards, Article 2 are preceding longitudinal floor beam 500 and rear longitudinal floor beam 900, Article 3 is middle passage connecting plate 1002, Floor crossmember 1100 and rear longitudinal floor beam 900 afterwards, Article 4 is floor upper longitudinal beam 1700, seat front beam 1601, sill strip 800 With rear longitudinal floor beam 900.
In conclusion the vehicle body 10000 of the present invention, in vehicle frontal collision, impact force can be transferred to from front anti-collision beam 200 At Rear secondary frame for vehicle, such Path of Force Transfer length, power transmission effect is good, and Path of Force Transfer is more, and it is preferable to decompose the effect of stress, so that The structural reliability of vehicle body 10000 can be effectively lifted, and the collision performance of vehicle can be lifted.
Herein, it is necessary to which explanation, the above is illustrated by taking vehicle frontal collision as an example, but those skilled in the art Side impact power transmission process can clearly be known according to the above.
For example, in vehicle side impact, impact force can pass to A columns 100 by gusset plate 1400, and A columns 100 are again by more A power transmission passage passes to front longitudinal 300, and A columns 100 can also pass to 400 front panel 400 of front panel and be led to by multiple power transmissions Road passes to floor.
And for example, in vehicle side impact, impact force can be passed ahead to front longitudinal 300, front longitudinal by sill strip 800 300 can pass to A columns 100 by multiple power transmission passages, and impact force can also be transmitted to secondary car backward by rear longitudinal floor beam 900 Frame.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention With within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention god.

Claims (15)

  1. A kind of 1. vehicle body (10000), it is characterised in that including:
    Two A columns (100);
    Front anti-collision beam (200);
    Two front longitudinals (300), the front end of two front longitudinals (300) are connected to the two of the front anti-collision beam (200) At end, every front longitudinal (300) is connected by a plurality of power transmission passage with the A columns (100) of homonymy;
    Front panel (400), the rear end of two front longitudinals (300) are connected in the front panel (400), the front panel (400) lower part is provided with passage in front panel (401), and the front panel (400) is connected with two A columns (100);
    Front wall upper beam (402), the front wall upper beam (402) are arranged on the top of the front panel (400);
    Vertical beam (403) under front wall, the upper end of vertical beam (403) is connected to the front wall upper beam (402) and lower end under the front wall Extend to passage (401) in the front panel.
  2. 2. vehicle body (10000) according to claim 1, it is characterised in that further include:Two roof side rails (600), every institute The rear end for stating roof side rail (600) is connected on the A columns (100) of homonymy and the institute of every roof side rail (600) and homonymy State and be provided with multiple connecting portions between front longitudinal (300), so that the front longitudinal (300) passes through a plurality of power transmission passage and institute A columns (100) are stated to be connected.
  3. 3. vehicle body (10000) according to claim 2, it is characterised in that multiple connecting portions include:First support (601), the first support (601) extends in the lateral direction and the inner is connected to the outside of the front longitudinal (300), and leans on The front end of the nearly front longitudinal (300), the preceding lower end of the roof side rail (600) is connected to the outer end of the first support (601).
  4. 4. vehicle body (10000) according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the first support (601) includes:First Frame plate (6011) and second support plate (6012), the first support plate (6011) take the shape of the letter U, and the second support plate (6012) is solid It is scheduled on the opening of the first support plate (6011) and the sealing opening.
  5. 5. the vehicle body (10000) according to any one of claim 2-4, it is characterised in that multiple connecting portions include: Second support (602), the second support (602) be connected to homonymy the roof side rail (600) and the front longitudinal (300) it Between, the second support (602) and the junction of the roof side rail (600) are located at the first support (601) and the top The back upper place of the junction of beam (600).
  6. 6. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 5, it is characterised in that the second support (602) includes:First Connector (6021) and the second connector (6022), first connector (6021) extend and are connected to institute in the lateral direction State between roof side rail (600) and second connector (6022), second connector (6022) extends in the up-down direction And lower end is connected on the front longitudinal (300).
  7. 7. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 6, it is characterised in that first connector (6021) is arc-shaped, Second connector (6022) is the platy structure opened wide with groove and front end.
  8. 8. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 6, it is characterised in that further include:Front end closing structure (700), institute Front end closing structure (700) is stated to be connected on the front longitudinal (300) by second connector (6022).
  9. 9. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 5, it is characterised in that the first support (601), described second Stent (602), part of the roof side rail (600) between the first support (601) and the second support (602) with And part of the front longitudinal (300) between the first support (601) and the second support (602) forms space four Side shape.
  10. 10. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 5, it is characterised in that multiple connecting portions further include:3rd Stent (603), the 3rd stent (603) are connected between the roof side rail (600) of homonymy and the front longitudinal (300), 3rd stent (603) and the junction of the roof side rail (600) are located at the second support (602) and the roof side rail (600) rear of junction.
  11. 11. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 10, it is characterised in that the roof side rail (600) includes:Arc Section (604) and flat segments (605), the segmental arc (604) are connected to the front of the flat segments (605), the first support (601) it is connected to the second support (602) on the segmental arc (604), the 3rd stent (603) is connected to institute State in flat segments (605), the flat segments (605) are connected with the A columns (100) at rear.
  12. 12. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 10, it is characterised in that the 3rd stent (603) is integrated into The platy structure of type.
  13. 13. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 1, it is characterised in that in vehicle frontal collision, the front anti-collision beam (200) impact force passes to two front longitudinals (300) at rear, and every front longitudinal (300) again passes impact force Pass the front panel (400), and the A columns (100) of homonymy are passed to by a plurality of power transmission passage of homonymy, pass to The impact force of the A columns (100) passes to the front panel by vertical beam (403) under the front wall upper beam (402) and front wall Middle passage (401).
  14. 14. according to the vehicle body (10000) described in claim 1, it is characterised in that in vehicle side impact, positioned at collision side The A columns (100) by impact force by the front wall upper beam (402) to opposite side transmission, and pass through horizontal in the front wall Beam (402) passage (401) into vertical beam (403) under the front wall and the front panel transmits.
  15. 15. vehicle body (10000) according to claim 3, it is characterised in that when vehicle biasing is touched, the first support (601) front longitudinal (300) impact force is passed to, so that the front longitudinal (300) is deformed to vehicle outside.
CN201710211449.6A 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 Vehicle body Pending CN108001538A (en)

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CN112026925A (en) * 2019-06-03 2020-12-04 上汽通用五菱汽车股份有限公司 Adopt preceding cabin frame assembly of girder subassembly before forked
CN112373566A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-19 重庆金康赛力斯新能源汽车设计院有限公司 Front structure of vehicle body and automobile
CN113002633A (en) * 2019-12-19 2021-06-22 观致汽车有限公司 Front cabin skeleton assembly
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CN113525528A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-22 东风汽车集团股份有限公司 Reinforcing structure for improving front collision performance of non-bearing type vehicle body
CN113825694A (en) * 2019-05-16 2021-12-21 标致雪铁龙汽车股份有限公司 Sealing between a cross-member and a channel element forming the base of a motor vehicle compartment

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Application publication date: 20180508