CN107972308A - Three-dimensional extruder - Google Patents

Three-dimensional extruder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107972308A
CN107972308A CN201711202072.4A CN201711202072A CN107972308A CN 107972308 A CN107972308 A CN 107972308A CN 201711202072 A CN201711202072 A CN 201711202072A CN 107972308 A CN107972308 A CN 107972308A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
platen
rod
engine base
servomechanism
pushing block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711202072.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩建国
韩峥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Korean Machinery Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Suzhou Korean Machinery Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Korean Machinery Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Suzhou Korean Machinery Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711202072.4A priority Critical patent/CN107972308A/en
Publication of CN107972308A publication Critical patent/CN107972308A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of three-dimensional extruder, belong to forcing press technical field of operation.The machine includes rack, lead, the two side pressurizing units being oppositely arranged, side pressurizing unit includes the servomechanism and force application mechanism of upright setting, the servomechanism for standing upside down and setting is equipped with above rack, servomechanism includes engine base, platen, push rod, semicolumn pushing block and connection rod set, and sliding block is equipped between semicolumn pushing block and lower link one end;Force application mechanism includes left connecting rod, right connecting rod, jacking block and connecting shaft, and two other end of left and right connecting rods wherein is hinged with mould;In the servomechanism of upright setting, platen is arranged on above engine base, and in the servomechanism for standing upside down setting, platen is arranged on below engine base.The machine have the advantages that it is simple in structure, possess the new-type kind of drive, transmission capacity amplifies more than more times, effectively reduces energy consumption, is compact-sized, small, reducing impact vibration and impact noise.

Description

Three-dimensional extruder
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of three-dimensional extruder, belong to forcing press technical field of operation.
Background technology
Device currently used in the market for punching press, stretching and extruding production, such as used in hydraulic thin plate discharging machine Place, is motor-driven belt wheel, the rotation of belt wheeling driving gear, and gear drives the mechanical blanking machine of crank mechanism operation, During its work, not only impact vibration and impact noise are big, but also power consumption is high.
The Patent No. ZL201120326594.7 of inventor's application, the one of a kind of entitled hydraulic thin plate discharging machine Part Chinese patent, the toggle force-increasing mechanism which uses include upper elbow lever, toggle bar and short connecting rod, and upper elbow lever lower end is articulated with Toggle bar corner, toggle bar lower end are articulated with engine base platen on the undersetting of plane, and the one of toggle force-increasing mechanism short connecting rod End is articulated with crank rod, and the other end is articulated with movable support, and the piston rod of movable support and hydraulic cylinder is fixed.But pass through Cross inventor to use for many years, find following problem:1. the power transmission for being currently used for the device of punching press, stretching and extruding production is uneven It is even;2. the device overall structure for being currently used for punching press, stretching and extruding production is limited, it is impossible to is extended;3rd, it is currently used for rushing Pressure, stretching and extruding production device it is complicated.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, proposing that a kind of simple in structure, transmission capacity is put More than most times, three-dimensional extruder that is compact-sized, small, reducing impact vibration and impact noise.
The present invention is to solve the technical solution that above-mentioned technical problem proposes to be:A kind of three-dimensional extruder, including rack and solid The lead being scheduled in rack, it is characterised in that:It is opposite on the rack both sides to be equipped with two side pressurizing units, the side extruding Device includes the servomechanism and force application mechanism of upright setting, and the servomechanism for standing upside down and setting is equipped with above the rack, described Engine base that servomechanism includes being fixed in rack, the platen and push rod being oppositely arranged with engine base, the engine base and platen it Between be equipped with semicolumn pushing block and at least two groups connection rod sets being respectively arranged at semicolumn pushing block two opposite sides, the semicolumn and push away Block is fixed on push rod and can be moved back and forth between engine base and platen, and the week along its center line is formed with the semicolumn pushing block To the arc chute of extension, every group of connection rod set includes upper connecting rod, lower link, pull back bar and axis pin, the upper connecting rod, lower link and Pull back one end of bar is articulated with the axis pin jointly, and the upper connecting rod other end is hinged on platen, described lower link one end The seat part with circular contour is made as, the lower link other end is hinged on engine base, and the bar other end of pulling back is formed with one The head of pulling back being fastened in arc chute, is equipped with sliding block between the semicolumn pushing block and lower link one end;The force application mechanism Including the left connecting rod outside platen, right connecting rod, jacking block and connecting shaft, one end of the left connecting rod and right connecting rod is articulated with jointly In same connecting shaft, the other end and rack of one of described left and right connecting rods are hinged, the left and right connecting rods wherein two The other end is hinged with mould, and the jacking block is arranged between platen and connecting shaft and for promoting connecting shaft so that left and right connecting rods Two other end wherein stretches out;In the servomechanism of the upright setting, the platen be arranged on engine base above, it is described fall Erect in the servomechanism put, the platen is arranged on below engine base, the platen is threaded through on lead and can be along lead Lower movement and it is fixed with mould on the platen;When push rod is pushed forward semicolumn pushing block and lifting platen at the same time, the sliding block Slidingly bear against on the cylindrical surface of semicolumn pushing block and the circular contour of lower link seat part, the jacking block slidingly bears against left company On one end and platen top surface of bar or right connecting rod;When push rod recycles, the head of pulling back of the bar of pulling back slides in arc chute And pulled back by semicolumn pushing block.
The working mechanism of three-dimensional extruder technical solution and beneficial effect are presented below disclosed in the invention described above:
The present invention is opposite on rack both sides to be equipped with two side pressurizing units, and side pressurizing unit includes the servomechanism of upright setting And force application mechanism, the servomechanism for standing upside down and setting is equipped with above rack, by the push rod of servomechanism to semicolumn pushing block into Row push-and-pull, in this way, when semicolumn pushing block is pushed forward, sliding block slidingly bears against cylindrical surface and the lower link seat part of semicolumn pushing block Circular contour on, upper and lower connecting rod can be opened, platen is jacked up, first carry out the amplification of power;Pass through the machine of exerting a force again The jacking block of structure is slidingly born against on one end and platen top surface of left connecting rod or right connecting rod, promotes connecting shaft so that left and right connecting rods Two other end wherein stretches out, and carries out secondary force amplification so that the mould on two other end of left and right connecting rods wherein(Squeeze Compression mould)Work with the mould in the servomechanism for setting of standing upside down, complete extrusion process, whole device is compact-sized, can To reduce impact vibration and impact noise, power consumption is reduced at double, and transmission capacity can amplify more than more times.
The improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:Draw ring is equipped with the connecting shaft, is formed with the platen for draw ring one The track groove held through and moved back and forth, is bolted with the nut positioned at the platen back side on described draw ring one end.
It is of the invention to be using the effect of above-mentioned technical proposal:The present invention respectively by jacking block promote connecting shaft so that a left side, Two other end of right connecting rod wherein stretches out, and carries out power amplification, force application mechanism is carried out return, the work of force application mechanism by draw ring Make and return is carried out by different components, reduce abrasion so that overall structure is simple and reliable.
The improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:The mould is extrusion die.
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of three-dimensional extruder of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the side pressurizing unit of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the explosive view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of Fig. 2 servomechanisms.
Fig. 5 is the explosive view of Fig. 4.
Embodiment
Embodiment
The three-dimensional extruder of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, including rack 1 and the lead 6 being fixed in rack.Rack 1 It is opposite on both sides to be equipped with two side pressurizing units 2.Side pressurizing unit 2 includes the servomechanism 3 and force application mechanism 4 of upright setting, The top of rack 1 is equipped with the servomechanism 3 for standing upside down and setting.
As shown in Figures 2 to 5, the engine base 31 that servomechanism 3 includes being fixed in rack 1 and the platform that engine base is oppositely arranged Plate 32 and push rod 37.Push rod 37 can be oil cylinder 5 push rod or stepper motor push rod, etc. actuating unit push rod.
Semicolumn pushing block 33 is equipped between engine base 31 and platen 32 and at least two groups are respectively arranged on semicolumn pushing block two-phase Connection rod set 34 at offside.
Semicolumn pushing block 33 is fixed on push rod 37 and can be moved back and forth between engine base 31 and platen 32, semicolumn pushing block The arc chute 33-1 along the circumferentially extending of its center line is formed with 33.The semicolumn pushing block 33 of the present embodiment can be one whole Semicolumn block or multiple semicolumn blocks, which combine, to be made.
The connection rod set 34 of the present embodiment into even-multiple configuration at 33 two opposite sides of semicolumn pushing block.Every group of connection rod set 34 Including upper connecting rod 34-1, lower link 34-2, pull back bar 34-3 and axis pin 34-4.
One end of upper connecting rod 34-1, lower link 34-2 and the bar 34-3 that pulls back are articulated with axis pin 34-4 jointly, upper connecting rod 34- 1 other end is hinged on platen 32, and lower link 34-2 one end is made as the seat part with circular contour, the lower link 34-2 other ends It is hinged on engine base 31, the bar 34-3 other ends of pulling back are formed with the 34-31 that pulls back being fastened in arc chute 33-1, semicolumn Sliding block 35 is equipped between pushing block 33 and lower link 34-2 one end.
The specific set-up mode of sliding block 35:Multiple catch groups 36, each catch are hinged with the axis pin 34-4 of the present embodiment Group 36 is formed by gripping two catch at 35 liang of opposite faces of a sliding block respectively.
Force application mechanism 4 includes left connecting rod 41, right connecting rod 42, jacking block 43 and the connecting shaft 44 being arranged on outside platen 32.
One end of left connecting rod 41 and right connecting rod 42 is articulated with same connecting shaft 44 jointly, one of left and right connecting rods The other end is hinged with rack 1, and two other end of left and right connecting rods wherein is hinged with mould 45, and jacking block 43 is arranged on platen 32 and even Between spindle 44 and for promoting connecting shaft so that two other end of left and right connecting rods wherein stretches out.Wherein, mould 45 can be with It is extrusion die.
In the servomechanism 3 of upright setting, platen 32 is arranged on the top of engine base 31, in the servomechanism 3 for standing upside down setting, Platen 32 is arranged on the lower section of engine base 31, platen 32 is threaded through on lead 6 and can move up and down along lead and consolidate on platen 32 Surely there is mould 45.
The specific set-up mode of jacking block 43:Multiple hanging ring piece groups 46 are hinged with connecting shaft 44, each hanging ring piece group 46 is Formed by gripping two hanging ring pieces at 43 liang of opposite faces of a jacking block respectively, also there are other set-up modes certainly.
Draw ring 47 is equipped with connecting shaft 44, the track for passing through and moving back and forth for 47 one end of draw ring is formed with platen 32 Groove, is bolted with the nut 48 positioned at 32 back side of platen on 47 one end of draw ring.
When push rod 37 is pushed forward semicolumn pushing block 33 and lifting platen 32 at the same time, sliding block 35 slidingly bears against semicolumn pushing block On 33 cylindrical surface and the circular contour of lower link 34-2 seat parts, jacking block 43 slidingly bears against left connecting rod 41 or right connecting rod 42 On 32 top surface of one end and platen;When push rod 37 recycles, a 34-31 that pulls back for bar of pulling back is slided in arc chute 33-1 and quilt Semicolumn pushing block 33 is pulled back.
The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment.All technical solutions formed using equivalent substitution, all falling within the present invention will The protection domain asked.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of three-dimensional extruder, including rack and the lead that is fixed in rack, it is characterised in that:On the rack both sides Opposite to be equipped with two side pressurizing units, the side pressurizing unit includes the servomechanism and force application mechanism of upright setting, the machine The servomechanism for standing upside down and setting is equipped with above frame, engine base that the servomechanism includes being fixed in rack, opposite with engine base set The platen and push rod put, are equipped with semicolumn pushing block between the engine base and platen and at least two groups are respectively arranged on semicolumn and push away Connection rod set at block two opposite sides, the semicolumn pushing block are fixed on push rod and can be moved back and forth between engine base and platen, The arc chute along the circumferentially extending of its center line is formed with the semicolumn pushing block, every group of connection rod set includes upper connecting rod, lower company Bar, pull back bar and axis pin, one end of the upper connecting rod, lower link and bar of pulling back are articulated with the axis pin jointly, the upper company The bar other end is hinged on platen, and described lower link one end is made as the seat part with circular contour, the lower link other end Be hinged on engine base, the bar other end of pulling back is formed with a head of pulling back being fastened in arc chute, the semicolumn pushing block and Sliding block is equipped between lower link one end;The force application mechanism includes left connecting rod, right connecting rod, jacking block and the connection being arranged on outside platen One end of axis, the left connecting rod and right connecting rod is articulated with same connecting shaft jointly, one of described left and right connecting rods it is another End is hinged with rack, and two other end of the left and right connecting rods wherein is hinged with mould, and the jacking block is arranged on platen and connecting shaft Between and for promoting connecting shaft so that left and right connecting rods two other end wherein stretches out;In the power-assisted of the upright setting In mechanism, the platen be arranged on engine base above, it is described stand upside down set servomechanism in, the platen be arranged on engine base below, The platen is threaded through on lead and can be moved up and down along lead and be fixed with mould on the platen;It is pushed forward in push rod When semicolumn pushing block and at the same time lifting platen, the sliding block slidingly bears against cylindrical surface and the lower link seat part of semicolumn pushing block Circular contour on, the jacking block is slidingly born against on one end and platen top surface of left connecting rod or right connecting rod;When push rod recycles, The head of pulling back of the bar of pulling back is slided in arc chute and pulled back by semicolumn pushing block.
2. three-dimensional extruder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Draw ring, the platen are equipped with the connecting shaft On be formed with the track groove for passing through and moving back and forth for draw ring one end, the spiral shell positioned at the platen back side is bolted with described draw ring one end It is female.
3. three-dimensional extruder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mould is extrusion die.
CN201711202072.4A 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 Three-dimensional extruder Pending CN107972308A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711202072.4A CN107972308A (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 Three-dimensional extruder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711202072.4A CN107972308A (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 Three-dimensional extruder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107972308A true CN107972308A (en) 2018-05-01

Family

ID=62011899

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711202072.4A Pending CN107972308A (en) 2017-11-27 2017-11-27 Three-dimensional extruder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107972308A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB553958A (en) * 1941-05-21 1943-06-11 Bliss E W Co Improvements in adjustable stroke mechanical presses
US4934173A (en) * 1989-03-17 1990-06-19 Amp Incorporated Stamping and forming machine having toggles for reciprocating the tooling assemblies
CN201405018Y (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-02-17 中山市胜龙锻压机械有限公司 Multi-axis toggle rod forging press
CN102470594A (en) * 2009-07-04 2012-05-23 克劳斯玛菲科技有限公司 Toggle lever clamping unit
CN105522741A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-04-27 邢台革新机械设备制造有限公司 Precise support rod type three-directional punching machine tool
CN105642807A (en) * 2015-09-06 2016-06-08 杨东佐 Die assembly upsetting and forging machine and working method thereof
CN205463986U (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-08-17 东莞市苏迪罗电子科技有限公司 Many connecting rods reinforcement riveting mechanism

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB553958A (en) * 1941-05-21 1943-06-11 Bliss E W Co Improvements in adjustable stroke mechanical presses
US4934173A (en) * 1989-03-17 1990-06-19 Amp Incorporated Stamping and forming machine having toggles for reciprocating the tooling assemblies
CN201405018Y (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-02-17 中山市胜龙锻压机械有限公司 Multi-axis toggle rod forging press
CN102470594A (en) * 2009-07-04 2012-05-23 克劳斯玛菲科技有限公司 Toggle lever clamping unit
CN105642807A (en) * 2015-09-06 2016-06-08 杨东佐 Die assembly upsetting and forging machine and working method thereof
CN105522741A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-04-27 邢台革新机械设备制造有限公司 Precise support rod type three-directional punching machine tool
CN205463986U (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-08-17 东莞市苏迪罗电子科技有限公司 Many connecting rods reinforcement riveting mechanism

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Application publication date: 20180501