CN107963301B - Longitudinal loading device for transformer - Google Patents

Longitudinal loading device for transformer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107963301B
CN107963301B CN201711144944.6A CN201711144944A CN107963301B CN 107963301 B CN107963301 B CN 107963301B CN 201711144944 A CN201711144944 A CN 201711144944A CN 107963301 B CN107963301 B CN 107963301B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bottom support
plate
transformer
loading device
baffle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
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Application number
CN201711144944.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107963301A (en
Inventor
孙玉云
陈鹏
邱远民
王先明
张洪民
周涛
杨冰
律诗
孙伟杰
焦裕岩
魏雪敏
赵秋玲
见青
王雪
李晓晨
高林
鹿超群
杨福英
赵依楠
李华宇
季松
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Zibo Power Supply Co of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Zibo Power Supply Co of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by State Grid Corp of China SGCC, Zibo Power Supply Co of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Priority to CN201711144944.6A priority Critical patent/CN107963301B/en
Publication of CN107963301A publication Critical patent/CN107963301A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107963301B publication Critical patent/CN107963301B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0053Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of more than one element
    • B65D19/0077Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0089Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces the base surface being made of more than one element
    • B65D19/0093Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/38Details or accessories
    • B65D19/40Elements for spacing platforms from supporting surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00263Overall construction of the pallet
    • B65D2519/00273Overall construction of the pallet made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00572Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer with separate auxiliary element, e.g. screws, nails, bayonets

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Housings And Mounting Of Transformers (AREA)
  • Forklifts And Lifting Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a longitudinal loading device for a transformer, and belongs to the technical field of transformer transportation. The forklift fork inserting mechanism comprises a bottom support and a fixing plate, wherein the bottom support comprises inverted buckle slot parts which are positioned at two ends and used for inserting a forklift fork, and the fixing plate can clamp the bottom support and transformer supporting legs together along the direction vertical to the length direction of the bottom support. The loading device can be directly inserted into the bottom of the transformer to realize longitudinal loading without using other auxiliary tools, and is particularly suitable for oil-immersed transformers. The convenient and fast degree of the device directly shortens the loading time of the transformer and improves the working efficiency. By using the device, the use frequency of the travelling crane can be reduced, so that the safety risk is reduced, and the device is safe and reliable.

Description

Longitudinal loading device for transformer
Technical Field
The invention relates to a longitudinal loading device for a transformer, and belongs to the technical field of transformer transportation.
Background
In daily work, the transformer needs to be loaded from a warehouse or the like to a place required by a project organization. The convenient device of transformer loading is exactly the convenient instrument that makes things convenient for fork truck transport transformer. For example, twenty transformers are needed for a certain project unit, and the transformers need to be loaded in the shortest time when the project unit is dispatched to a medium-sized transport vehicle. According to the needs, the shorter the transformer loading time needs, the safer the transformer loading time needs to be, the better the transformer loading time needs to be.
The existing loading mode is that a master forklift directly operates the forklift, loading is carried out according to the specific conditions of transport vehicles, but the master forklift can only transversely fork an oil immersed transformer for reloading. The loading master is located in the cab, and the visual field is difficult to radiate to two ends of the transversely-forked transformer. When loading, often need special personnel to guide commander, it is inefficient. The transport vehicle is not specially arranged for oil-immersed transformers of various specifications, and the situation that transverse loading cannot be realized at the reserved position is often met, so that loading can only be performed through a crane, the loading time is prolonged due to the use of a crane, and the operation difficulty is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides a novel longitudinal loading device for a transformer.
The invention is realized by adopting the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a vertical loading device of transformer, includes collet and fixed plate, the collet is including the back-off slot part that can supply fork male that is located both ends, the fixed plate can be followed with collet length direction vertically with the collet and the solid is in the same place of transformer supporting leg card, the quantity of fixed plate is two.
The supporting part is arranged between the two slot parts of the bottom support and is in a plate shape or a square box shape without a bottom. The supporting part and the slot part are integrally formed or welded. The shoe may carry 1200kg of vertical pressure.
The collet includes the connecting piece and two collet pieces that link up through the connecting piece, the collet piece is including the support connecting portion that can supply fork truck fork male back-off slot portion and can peg graft the connecting piece. The support connecting part and the slot part are integrally formed or welded. The connecting piece is connected with the two bottom supports through splicing, clamping or other connecting modes.
The bottom support piece is provided with a bottom support plate and two baffle plates which are vertically fixed on the bottom support plate along the width direction of the bottom support plate, wherein one baffle plate is positioned at the end part of the bottom support plate, the other baffle plate is positioned in the middle part of the bottom support plate, and the two baffle plates and the bottom support plate jointly enclose the slot part; the bottom support piece is also provided with two side walls which are arranged along the long edge of the bottom support plate and are vertical to the bottom support plate and the baffle, the side walls start from the baffle in the middle and extend to one end of the bottom support plate without the baffle, and the two side walls, the baffle in the middle and the bottom support plate are enclosed to form the supporting connecting part; the side wall is provided with a hole, the connecting piece is provided with a screw hole, the screw hole can be exposed out of the hole after the connecting piece is inserted into the supporting connecting part, and the connecting piece and the supporting connecting part are fixed through a bolt inserted into the screw hole. The base may carry 600kg of vertical pressure.
The holes are long holes and are formed along the length direction of the side wall.
The connecting piece is a metal plate, and the length of the metal plate is twice of that of the supporting and connecting part.
The shape of fixed plate is "eta type at the bottom of taking", includes the horizontal plate, and the both ends of horizontal plate are equipped with vertical board respectively, and the other end of one of them vertical board inwards is equipped with the cardboard parallel with the horizontal plate.
The bottom support piece is made of steel, the thickness of the steel is 10mm, and the size of the steel is 915 multiplied by 150 multiplied by 55 mm.
The slot size of slot portion is 160 x 45mm, the fixed plate thickness is 30mm, and length is 210 mm.
The upper surface of the bottom support is provided with an anti-slip layer. The anti-skid layer can be a silica gel sheet anti-skid layer, a frosted paint anti-skid layer, a bottom support upper surface embossing anti-skid layer or other anti-skid layers.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. is convenient and quick. Need not use other appurtenance, with this device disect insertion transformer bottom can, be particularly useful for oil-immersed transformer.
2. The working efficiency is high. The convenient and fast degree of the device directly shortens the loading time of the transformer and improves the working efficiency.
3. Is safe and reliable. By using the device, the use frequency of the travelling crane can be reduced, so that the safety risk is reduced, and the device is safe and reliable.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a transformer of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side view of the bottom bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the bottom bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a first schematic diagram of the fixing plate structure of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a second schematic diagram of the fixing plate structure of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a third schematic view of the fixing plate structure of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a first schematic diagram of the connection plate structure of the invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a second connection plate structure of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a first installation state diagram of the invention.
Fig. 10 is an enlarged view at i of fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a second installation state diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is an enlarged view at ii of fig. 11.
Fig. 13 is a third schematic view of the installation state of the present invention.
Figure 14 is a schematic view of a bottom pallet of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a side wall; 2. a fixing plate; 3. a slot; 4. transformer support legs; 5. a bolt; 6. a connecting member; 7. a long hole; 8. a screw hole; 9. a slot section; 10. a support portion; 11. a baffle plate; 12. the connecting portion is supported.
Detailed Description
In order to make the purpose and technical solution of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 4-6 and 14, the longitudinal loading device for the transformer comprises a bottom support and two fixing plates 2, wherein the bottom support comprises inverted slot parts 9 which are positioned at two ends and used for fork forks of a forklift to insert, and the size of a slot 3 of each slot part 9 is 160 x 45 mm. The fixing plate 2 can be used for clamping the bottom support and the transformer supporting legs 4 together along the direction vertical to the length direction of the bottom support, the fixing plate 2 is in a shape of 'eta type with the bottom', the fixing plate comprises a horizontal plate, two ends of the horizontal plate are respectively provided with a vertical plate, the other end of one vertical plate is inwards provided with a clamping plate parallel to the horizontal plate, the thickness of the fixing plate 2 is 30mm, and the length is 210 mm. Between two slot parts 9 of collet is supporting part 10, supporting part 10 is platelike or the square box-like of bottomless, the upper surface of collet coats the dull polish skid resistant course. The support portion 10 and the slot portion 9 are integrally formed or welded. The collet and the fixed plate 2 are made of steel, and the collet can bear 1200kg of vertical pressure.
Two sets of transformer longitudinal loading devices described in the embodiment are needed for realizing loading of one transformer. When the fixing device is used, the bottom support and one supporting leg of the transformer are placed in parallel, two eta-shaped fixing plates 2 with bottoms are used for fixing the two ends of the bottom support and the two ends of the supporting legs 4 of the transformer together respectively, and the other supporting leg of the transformer is fixed in the same way. When loading, can insert slot 3 with the fork, realize vertical loading.
Example two:
as shown in fig. 1-13, the longitudinal loading device for the transformer comprises a bottom support and a fixing plate 2, wherein the bottom support comprises a connecting piece 6 and two bottom support pieces connected by the connecting piece 6, and the bottom support pieces comprise inverted slot parts 9 for inserting fork forks of a forklift and support connecting parts 12 capable of being inserted into the connecting piece 6. The slot 3 of the slot part 9 has a size of 160 × 45mm, and the fixing plate 2 has a thickness of 30mm and a length of 210 mm. The bottom support piece is made of steel, the thickness of the steel is 10mm, and the size of the steel is 915 multiplied by 150 multiplied by 55 mm. The bottom support piece is provided with a bottom support plate and two baffle plates 11 vertically fixed on the bottom support plate along the width direction of the bottom support plate, wherein one baffle plate 11 is positioned at the end part of the bottom support plate, the other baffle plate 11 is positioned in the middle part of the bottom support plate, and the two baffle plates 11 and the bottom support plate jointly enclose the slot part 9; the bottom support piece is also provided with two side walls 1 which are arranged along the long edge of the bottom support plate and are vertical to the bottom support plate and the baffle 11, the side walls 1 start from the baffle 11 positioned in the middle part and extend to one end of the bottom support plate without the baffle 11, and the two side walls 1, the baffle 11 positioned in the middle part and the bottom support plate are enclosed to form the support connecting part 12; the upper surface of the bottom support piece is provided with a silica gel sheet anti-skid layer; the connecting structure is characterized in that a long hole 7 is formed in the side wall 1 and is formed in the length direction of the side wall 1, the connecting piece 6 is a metal plate, the length of the metal plate is twice that of the supporting connecting portion 12, the connecting piece 6 is provided with a screw hole 8, after the connecting piece 6 is inserted into the supporting connecting portion 12, the screw hole 8 can be exposed out of the hole, and the connecting piece 6 and the supporting connecting portion 12 are fixed through a bolt 5 inserted into the screw hole 8. The base may carry 600kg of vertical pressure.
Two sets of transformer longitudinal loading devices described in the embodiment are needed for realizing loading of one transformer. When the connecting piece is used, the connecting piece 6 is firstly inserted into the supporting and connecting part 12 of the two bottom supports, and the bolt 5 is screwed up to fix the two bottom supports together. And then fixed on the supporting legs of the transformer in the way of the first embodiment.
The invention can be widely applied to transformer transportation occasions.

Claims (8)

1. The longitudinal loading device for the transformer is characterized by comprising a bottom support and a fixing plate (2), wherein the bottom support comprises inverted buckle slot parts (9) which are positioned at two ends and used for inserting fork forks of a forklift, and the fixing plate (2) can clamp and fix the bottom support and transformer supporting legs (4) together along a direction perpendicular to the length direction of the bottom support;
the bottom support comprises a connecting piece (6) and two bottom support pieces connected through the connecting piece (6), and each bottom support piece comprises a reverse buckling slot part (9) for inserting a fork of the forklift and a supporting connecting part (12) capable of being inserted into the connecting piece (6);
the bottom support piece is provided with a bottom support plate and two baffle plates (11) vertically fixed on the bottom support plate along the width direction of the bottom support plate, one baffle plate (11) is positioned at the end part of the bottom support plate, the other baffle plate (11) is positioned in the middle part of the bottom support plate, and the two baffle plates (11) and the bottom support plate jointly enclose the slot part (9); the bottom support piece is also provided with two side walls (1) which are arranged along the long edge of the bottom support plate and are vertical to the bottom support plate and the baffle (11), the side walls (1) start from the baffle (11) positioned in the middle and extend to one end of the bottom support plate without the baffle (11), and the two side walls (1), the baffle (11) positioned in the middle and the bottom support plate are enclosed to form the support connecting part (12); the side wall (1) is provided with a hole, the connecting piece (6) is provided with a screw hole (8), the screw hole (8) can be exposed out of the hole after the connecting piece (6) is inserted into the supporting connecting part (12), and the connecting piece (6) and the supporting connecting part (12) are fixed through a bolt (5) inserted into the screw hole (8).
2. Longitudinal loading device for transformers according to claim 1, characterized in that between the two slots (9) of the bottom support is a support (10), said support (10) being in the shape of a plate or a square box without bottom.
3. Longitudinal loading device for transformers according to claim 1, characterised in that said holes are elongated holes (7) made along the length of the side walls (1).
4. Transformer longitudinal loading device according to claim 1, characterized in that the connection piece (6) is a metal plate having a length twice the length of the support connection (12).
5. The longitudinal transformer loading device according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein the fixing plate (2) is shaped like a bottom eta-shaped plate and comprises horizontal plates, the two ends of each horizontal plate are respectively provided with a vertical plate, and the other end of one vertical plate is inwards provided with a clamping plate parallel to the horizontal plate.
6. The longitudinal loading device for the transformer according to any one of claims 1, 3 and 4, wherein the material of the bottom bracket is steel, the thickness of the steel is 10mm, and the size of the steel is 915 x 150 x 55 mm.
7. Longitudinal loading device for transformers according to any one of claims 1-4, characterized in that the slot (3) of the slot part (9) has dimensions of 160 x 45mm, the thickness of the fixing plate (2) is 30mm and the length is 210 mm.
8. The longitudinal transformer loading device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the upper surface of the bottom support is provided with an anti-slip layer.
CN201711144944.6A 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 Longitudinal loading device for transformer Active CN107963301B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711144944.6A CN107963301B (en) 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 Longitudinal loading device for transformer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711144944.6A CN107963301B (en) 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 Longitudinal loading device for transformer

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CN107963301A CN107963301A (en) 2018-04-27
CN107963301B true CN107963301B (en) 2020-01-07

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Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3971054B2 (en) * 1999-05-21 2007-09-05 株式会社村松工業 palette
CN201538462U (en) * 2009-10-26 2010-08-04 中国十七冶建设有限公司 Brick-feeding bracket for cock oven masonry
CN203740325U (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-07-30 石家庄国祥运输设备有限公司 Anti-overturning iron packaging frame

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