CN107940902A - A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae - Google Patents

A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107940902A
CN107940902A CN201711232775.1A CN201711232775A CN107940902A CN 107940902 A CN107940902 A CN 107940902A CN 201711232775 A CN201711232775 A CN 201711232775A CN 107940902 A CN107940902 A CN 107940902A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rhizoma gastrodiae
drying
microwave
room temperature
classified
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711232775.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘友华
任涛
刘浩橼
杨祖杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhuxi Yuhe Chinese Herbal Medicine Professional Cooperative
Original Assignee
Zhuxi Yuhe Chinese Herbal Medicine Professional Cooperative
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhuxi Yuhe Chinese Herbal Medicine Professional Cooperative filed Critical Zhuxi Yuhe Chinese Herbal Medicine Professional Cooperative
Priority to CN201711232775.1A priority Critical patent/CN107940902A/en
Publication of CN107940902A publication Critical patent/CN107940902A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/32Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by development of heat within the materials or objects to be dried, e.g. by fermentation or other microbiological action
    • F26B3/34Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by development of heat within the materials or objects to be dried, e.g. by fermentation or other microbiological action by using electrical effects
    • F26B3/347Electromagnetic heating, e.g. induction heating or heating using microwave energy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/898Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
    • A61K36/8988Gastrodia
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/02Heating arrangements using combustion heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/18Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by conduction, i.e. the heat is conveyed from the heat source, e.g. gas flame, to the materials or objects to be dried by direct contact
    • F26B3/20Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by conduction, i.e. the heat is conveyed from the heat source, e.g. gas flame, to the materials or objects to be dried by direct contact the heat source being a heated surface, e.g. a moving belt or conveyor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/32Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by development of heat within the materials or objects to be dried, e.g. by fermentation or other microbiological action
    • F26B3/34Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by development of heat within the materials or objects to be dried, e.g. by fermentation or other microbiological action by using electrical effects
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/10Preparation or pretreatment of starting material
    • A61K2236/13Preparation or pretreatment of starting material involving cleaning, e.g. washing or peeling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/10Preparation or pretreatment of starting material
    • A61K2236/17Preparation or pretreatment of starting material involving drying, e.g. sun-drying or wilting

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae, using following steps:1)Fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is cleaned and is classified;2)Rhizoma Gastrodiae is dried using microwave tea-steaming machine, microwave power is 300 400w, 4 6min of drying time;Then the rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying, naturally cools to room temperature;3)Rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying is placed in electric dryer and carries out secondary drying, 45 60min are dried under conditions of 60 70 DEG C of temperature;Then, 45 50 DEG C are cooled to, continues to dry 15 30 min;Room temperature is naturally cooled to, obtains dry rhizoma Gastrodiae.Using the present invention, the active ingredient of rhizoma Gastrodiae is remained, the process-cycle has been greatly shortened, also saves the energy.

Description

A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae
Technical field
The invention belongs to the manufacture field of rhizoma Gastrodiae, it is related to the drying and processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae.
Background technology
At present, the drying and processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae is:
1)Fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is cleaned and is classified:The surface silt of fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is removed with clean clear water, rhizoma Gastrodiae is classified by weight;
2)Steam or boil fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae:Clean rhizoma Gastrodiae is entered cage to cook, time 8-12min(Time after steam generation);Alternatively, It is put into boiling water pot and is cooked, time 15-20min;Then, room temperature is cooled to, obtains ripe rhizoma Gastrodiae;
3)A heatable brick bed dries:Big to burn to 50 DEG C of heated kang surface temperature, by ripe rhizoma Gastrodiae monolayer alignment, per 30min, upset once, maintains temperature 60-70 DEG C, dry 3-5h.
The above method has a defect that:Since the principle active component in rhizoma Gastrodiae is dissolved in water, whether steam or Boil, the active ingredient in rhizoma Gastrodiae is lost in, and reduces the active constituent content in rhizoma Gastrodiae;The time length of drying, drying is uneven, production Efficiency is low.
The content of the invention
The defects of in order to overcome background technology, the present invention propose a kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae, ensure rhizoma Gastrodiae In active ingredient be not lost in, shorten the process-cycle.
To achieve the goal, the technical scheme is that:A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae, it is characterised in that Using following steps:
1)Fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is cleaned and is classified:The surface silt of fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is removed with clean clear water, rhizoma Gastrodiae is classified by weight;
2)Primary drying:Rhizoma Gastrodiae is dried using microwave tea-steaming machine, microwave power 300-400w, drying time 4- 6min;Then the rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying, naturally cools to room temperature;
3)Redrying:Rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying is placed in electric dryer and carries out secondary drying, in 60-70 DEG C of bar of temperature 45-60min is dried under part;Then, 45-50 DEG C is cooled to, continues to dry 15-30min;Room temperature is naturally cooled to, obtains dry day Fiber crops.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:Dry rhizoma Gastrodiae is obtained by the way of microwave drying is combined with electric drier, is passed through Microwave drying remains the active ingredient of rhizoma Gastrodiae, overcomes to steam or boil in the prior art and causes what the active ingredient in rhizoma Gastrodiae was lost in Defect;The characteristics of using microwave drying from inside to outside, ensure the moisture rapid evaporation in rhizoma Gastrodiae, rhizoma Gastrodiae uniform drying;Because adopt With microwave drying, the redrying time is short, and compared with prior art, drying time at least shortens for 2/3 time;Using this hair It is bright, the active ingredient of rhizoma Gastrodiae is remained, the process-cycle has been greatly shortened, also saves the energy.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described with reference to embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not only limited to embodiment.
Embodiment 1
The composite drying processing method of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae, it is characterised in that using following steps:
1)Fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is cleaned and is classified:The surface silt of fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is removed with clean clear water, rhizoma Gastrodiae is classified by weight;
2)Primary drying:The rhizoma Gastrodiae in the range of selection 50-100g is dried using microwave tea-steaming machine, microwave power is 350w, drying time 5min;Then the rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying, naturally cools to room temperature;
3)Redrying:Rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying is placed in electric dryer and carries out secondary drying, in the condition of temperature 70 C Lower drying 45min;Then, 50 DEG C are cooled to, continues to dry 20 min;Room temperature is naturally cooled to, obtains dry rhizoma Gastrodiae.
Embodiment 2
A kind of drying and processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae is:
1)Fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is cleaned and is classified:The surface silt of fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is removed with clean clear water, rhizoma Gastrodiae is classified by weight;
2)Boil fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae:Clean rhizoma Gastrodiae is put into boiling water pot and is cooked, time 15-20min;Then, room temperature is cooled to, is obtained To ripe rhizoma Gastrodiae;
3)A heatable brick bed dries:It is big to burn to 50 DEG C of heated kang surface temperature, by ripe rhizoma Gastrodiae monolayer alignment, 60-70 DEG C of temperature is maintained, per 30min Upset once, dries 4h.
Embodiment 1 is the embodiment of the present invention, and embodiment 2 is the embodiment of the prior art, and embodiment 1, embodiment obtain Rhizoma Gastrodiae component such as table 1 below:
As seen from Table 1, the active ingredient for the dry rhizoma Gastrodiae that the embodiment of the present invention 1 obtains is high, and drying time significantly shortens.

Claims (1)

1. the composite drying processing method of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae, it is characterised in that using following steps:
1)Fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is cleaned and is classified:The surface silt of fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae is removed with clean clear water, rhizoma Gastrodiae is classified by weight;
2)Primary drying:Rhizoma Gastrodiae is dried using microwave tea-steaming machine, microwave power 300-400w, drying time 4- 6min;Then the rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying, naturally cools to room temperature;
3)Redrying:Rhizoma Gastrodiae after microwave drying is placed in electric dryer and carries out secondary drying, in 60-70 DEG C of bar of temperature 45-60min is dried under part;Then, 45-50 DEG C is cooled to, continues to dry 15-30min;Room temperature is naturally cooled to, obtains dry day Fiber crops.
CN201711232775.1A 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae Pending CN107940902A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711232775.1A CN107940902A (en) 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711232775.1A CN107940902A (en) 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107940902A true CN107940902A (en) 2018-04-20

Family

ID=61947797

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711232775.1A Pending CN107940902A (en) 2017-11-30 2017-11-30 A kind of composite drying processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107940902A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101878807A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-11-10 戴永峰 Method for processing thunberg fritillary bulb
CN105770489A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-20 云南中医学院 Method for efficiently improving Parishin A content in gastrodia elata
CN107375724A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-11-24 六盘水黔丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101878807A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-11-10 戴永峰 Method for processing thunberg fritillary bulb
CN105770489A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-20 云南中医学院 Method for efficiently improving Parishin A content in gastrodia elata
CN107375724A (en) * 2017-09-12 2017-11-24 六盘水黔丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of processing method of rhizoma Gastrodiae

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Application publication date: 20180420

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