CN107840158B - Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process - Google Patents

Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107840158B
CN107840158B CN201710866382.XA CN201710866382A CN107840158B CN 107840158 B CN107840158 B CN 107840158B CN 201710866382 A CN201710866382 A CN 201710866382A CN 107840158 B CN107840158 B CN 107840158B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
auxiliary
metallurgical
connecting piece
main
metallurgical container
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201710866382.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107840158A (en
Inventor
翟恒东
王雷
郑峰
耿会良
李利民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MCC Baosteel Technology Services Co Ltd
Original Assignee
MCC Baosteel Technology Services Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by MCC Baosteel Technology Services Co Ltd filed Critical MCC Baosteel Technology Services Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710866382.XA priority Critical patent/CN107840158B/en
Publication of CN107840158A publication Critical patent/CN107840158A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107840158B publication Critical patent/CN107840158B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/23Devices for tilting and emptying of containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/06Equipment for tilting

Abstract

The invention provides a tilting mechanism of a metallurgical container, which comprises a main connecting piece arranged on the metallurgical container, an auxiliary connecting piece arranged on the metallurgical container, a main lifting appliance connected with the main connecting piece and an auxiliary lifting appliance connected with the auxiliary connecting piece, wherein the auxiliary connecting piece is positioned at one side of the main connecting piece, and the auxiliary lifting appliance can drive the auxiliary connecting piece to move along the up-and-down direction. The invention provides a hoisting acting force for the metallurgical container by utilizing the connection relation of the main lifting appliance and the main connecting piece so as to ensure that the metallurgical container is kept in a suspended state, the main connecting piece forms a fulcrum of the metallurgical container, when the auxiliary lifting appliance drives the auxiliary connecting piece to move upwards, the auxiliary connecting piece applies an upward acting force to the metallurgical container, the acting position of the upward acting force is positioned at one side of the main connecting piece, and the upward acting force enables the metallurgical container to bear a torque and drives the metallurgical container to rotate by taking the main connecting piece as the fulcrum, thereby realizing the tipping of the metallurgical container.

Description

Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process
Technical Field
The invention relates to a tilting mechanism, in particular to a tilting mechanism of a metallurgical container and a metallurgical process.
Background
In the metallurgical industry, a large number of metallurgical containers such as high-temperature liquid metal ladles, slag ladles and the like are used for production turnover and smelting slag treatment. For example, a copper matte ladle is used to transfer copper matte to a converter for converting; using a coarse copper cladding to transfer the coarse copper flow to an anode furnace for further refining; and carrying out slow cooling treatment and the like on the smelting slag by using a slag ladle and conveying the smelting slag to a slow cooling field. At present, the prior art generally adopts two ways to pour the liquid high-temperature medium in the metallurgical container: one is to use a roll-over mechanism provided on a special vehicle; the second is tipping it by using a spreader which is provided to the metallurgical vessel itself, such as a hot metal ladle or a slag ladle. The two tipping mechanisms have the defects of complex structure, higher processing cost and inconvenient use.
Meanwhile, the existing metallurgical intermediate product treatment process flow is generally as follows: and the travelling crane hoists the metallurgical containers such as the coarse copper clad and the steel ladle with the lifting appliance to the lower part of the furnace so as to utilize the metallurgical containers to bear the liquid high-temperature metal, and then the travelling crane hoists the metallurgical containers to the refining furnace and dumps the liquid high-temperature metal into the refining furnace. The existing metallurgical slag treatment process flow generally comprises the following two steps: firstly, a crane hoists a metallurgical slag ladle with a sling to the bottom of a furnace, so as to utilize the metallurgical slag ladle to receive liquid high-temperature metallurgical slag, and then the crane hoists the metallurgical slag ladle to a slag yard, so as to cool or not cool liquid high-temperature metal, and then the crane is used for dumping the metallurgical slag ladle. Secondly, the travelling crane lifts the metallurgical slag ladle without the lifting appliance to the bottom of the furnace, so that the metallurgical slag ladle is used for carrying liquid high-temperature metallurgical slag, the travelling crane lifts the metallurgical slag ladle to the ground of the workshop again, the slag ladle car transports the metallurgical slag ladle to a slag yard, liquid high-temperature metal is cooled or not cooled, a tipping mechanism arranged on the slag ladle car is used for tipping the metallurgical slag ladle, and finally, the metallurgical slag is crushed, floated and the like. The processing technique of the prior metallurgical intermediate product (or metallurgical slag) has poor universality, and some metallurgical containers are required to be provided with a lifting appliance, and the metallurgical containers with the lifting appliances can not be tipped by using a ladle car.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a tilting mechanism for a metallurgical vessel, which is capable of tilting the metallurgical vessel.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a tilting mechanism of a metallurgical container, which comprises a main connecting piece arranged on the metallurgical container, an auxiliary connecting piece arranged on the metallurgical container, a main lifting appliance connected with the main connecting piece and an auxiliary lifting appliance connected with the auxiliary connecting piece, wherein the auxiliary connecting piece is positioned on one side of the main connecting piece, and the auxiliary lifting appliance can drive the auxiliary connecting piece to move along the up-and-down direction.
Further, install the trunnion on the metallurgical vessel, the trunnion constitutes main connecting piece, main hoist includes main lifting hook, main lifting hook cooperatees with the trunnion.
Further, install vice lifting hook on the metallurgical vessel, vice lifting hook constitutes vice connecting piece, vice hoist includes the rope, the rope cooperatees with vice lifting hook.
Furthermore, the auxiliary lifting hook is movably connected with the metallurgical container.
Further, install the limiting plate on the metallurgical container, vice lifting hook includes with rope matched with gib head portion, with metallurgical container swing joint's connecting portion and by spacing portion, by spacing portion be used for leaning on with the limiting plate counterbalance.
Furthermore, the auxiliary lifting appliance further comprises an auxiliary cross beam, two ends of the rope are respectively connected with two ends of the auxiliary cross beam, and the middle of the rope is matched with the auxiliary lifting hook.
Furthermore, the rope comprises two cable chains and a flexible part located between the two cable chains, the flexible part is matched with the auxiliary lifting hook, one end of each cable chain is connected with the flexible part, and the other end of each cable chain is connected with the auxiliary cross beam.
Further, the U type connecting piece that has the chamber that holds is installed to the other end of cable chain, install vice connecting plate on the vice crossbeam, vice connecting plate inlays in the chamber that holds of U type connecting piece, just vice connecting plate is articulated with U type connecting piece through first round pin axle.
Furthermore, the middle part of the auxiliary cross beam is provided with an auxiliary connecting seat, the auxiliary lifting appliance further comprises an auxiliary driving device connected with the auxiliary connecting seat, and the auxiliary driving device can drive the auxiliary connecting seat, the auxiliary cross beam, the rope and the auxiliary lifting hook to move in the up-down direction.
Furthermore, the auxiliary connecting seat comprises an auxiliary lug plate fixedly connected with the auxiliary cross beam and a second pin shaft penetrating through the auxiliary lug plate, an auxiliary driving connecting hook is installed at the output end of the auxiliary driving device, and the auxiliary driving connecting hook is matched with the second pin shaft.
As described above, the tilting mechanism for a metallurgical vessel according to the present invention has the following advantages:
the working principle of the metallurgical container tilting mechanism is as follows: the connection relation of the main lifting appliance and the main connecting piece is utilized to provide a lifting action force for the metallurgical container, so that the metallurgical container is kept in a suspended state, the main connecting piece forms a fulcrum of the metallurgical container, when the auxiliary lifting appliance drives the auxiliary connecting piece to move upwards, the auxiliary connecting piece applies an upward action force to the metallurgical container, the action position of the upward action force corresponds to the position of the auxiliary connecting piece, and because the auxiliary connecting piece is positioned on one side of the main connecting piece, the upward action force enables the metallurgical container to bear a torque and drives the metallurgical container to rotate by taking the main connecting piece as the fulcrum, and therefore the metallurgical container can be tipped.
Another technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a metallurgical process that enables tipping of a metallurgical vessel.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a metallurgical process adopting the metallurgical container tilting mechanism, which comprises the following steps: the metallurgical container is hoisted by the main hoisting tool through the main connecting piece, the auxiliary hoisting tool is used for driving the auxiliary connecting piece to move upwards relative to the main hoisting tool, and the auxiliary connecting piece drives the metallurgical container to overturn by taking the main connecting piece as a fulcrum until the metallurgical container overturns to a set angle.
As mentioned above, the metallurgical process related to the invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the metallurgical process, the metallurgical container can be effectively tipped by adopting the metallurgical container tipping mechanism; in addition, the metallurgical process is flexible to operate and convenient to implement in the process of tipping the metallurgical container.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the tilting mechanism of the metallurgical vessel of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an elevational view of the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of the present invention in a state where the metallurgical vessel is tilted.
FIG. 4 is a left side view of the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a top view of the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken along line a-a of fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the auxiliary spreader of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a left side view of the secondary spreader of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a front view of a secondary spreader of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a top view of the secondary spreader of the present invention.
Description of the element reference numerals
1 metallurgy container 43 main connecting seat
11 support side panel 431 main ear panel
12 bottom plate 432 fifth pin
13 third pin shaft 5 pairs of lifting appliances
2 main link 51 rope
21 trunnion 511 chain
3 auxiliary connecting element 512 flexible element
31 auxiliary hook 513U-shaped connecting piece
311 hook head 514 pull rod
312 connecting part 52 auxiliary cross beam
313 is by spacing portion 521 secondary connecting plate
4 first pin shaft of main lifting appliance 522
41 main hook 53 auxiliary connecting seat
42 main beam 531 auxiliary ear plate
421 second pin of main connecting plate 532
422 fourth pin shaft 6 limit plate
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided for illustrative purposes, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the present disclosure.
It should be understood that the structures, ratios, sizes, and the like shown in the drawings are only used for matching the disclosure of the present disclosure, and are not used for limiting the conditions of the present disclosure, so that the present disclosure is not limited to the technical essence, and any modifications of the structures, changes of the ratios, or adjustments of the sizes, can still fall within the scope of the present disclosure without affecting the function and the achievable purpose of the present disclosure. In addition, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "middle" and "one" used in the present specification are for convenience of description only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and the relative relationship between the terms and the terms is not to be construed as a scope of the present invention unless otherwise specified.
As shown in fig. 1 to 10, the invention provides a tilting mechanism for a metallurgical vessel, comprising a main connecting piece 2 arranged on the metallurgical vessel 1, an auxiliary connecting piece 3 arranged on the metallurgical vessel 1, a main spreader 4 connected with the main connecting piece 2, and an auxiliary spreader 5 connected with the auxiliary connecting piece 3, wherein the auxiliary connecting piece 3 is positioned at one side of the main connecting piece 2, and the auxiliary spreader 5 can drive the auxiliary connecting piece 3 to move along the up-and-down direction. The working principle of the metallurgical container tilting mechanism is as follows: utilize the relation of connection of main hoist 4 and main connecting piece 2 to provide a hoist and mount effort for metallurgical container 1, so that metallurgical container 1 keeps unsettled state, and main connecting piece 2 constitutes a fulcrum of metallurgical container 1, when vice hoist 5 drives vice connecting piece 3 upward movement, vice connecting piece 3 will exert an ascending effort for metallurgical container 1, and the effect position of this ascending effort corresponds to vice connecting piece 3 position, because vice connecting piece 3 is located one side of main connecting piece 2, this ascending effort will make metallurgical container 1 receive a moment of torsion, and drive metallurgical container 1 and use main connecting piece 2 as the fulcrum and carry out the rotation, thereby realize overturning metallurgical container 1.
Meanwhile, the invention also provides a metallurgical process adopting the metallurgical container tilting mechanism, which comprises the following steps: the metallurgical container 1 is hoisted by the main hoisting tool 4 through the main connecting piece 2, the auxiliary hoisting tool 5 is utilized to drive the auxiliary connecting piece 3 to move upwards relative to the main hoisting tool 4, and the auxiliary connecting piece 3 drives the metallurgical container 1 to overturn by taking the main connecting piece 2 as a fulcrum until the metallurgical container 1 overturns to a set angle. According to the metallurgical process, the metallurgical container tipping mechanism is adopted, and the metallurgical container 1 can be effectively tipped through the steps; in addition, the metallurgical process is flexible to operate and convenient to implement in the process of tipping the metallurgical container 1.
Metallurgical container 1 is used for holding the metal material container in the metallurgical process in this application, can be used to hold high temperature liquid metal, also can be used to hold metal slag etc.. The metallurgical vessel 1 in the application comprises various slag ladles such as steel slag and copper slag, a crude copper clad, a copper matte ladle and the like.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, in this embodiment, the trunnion 21 is mounted on the metallurgical vessel 1, the trunnion 21 constitutes the main coupling member 2, and the main hoist 4 includes a main hook 41, and the main hook 41 is engaged with the trunnion 21, that is, the main hook 41 is engaged with the trunnion 21 to hook the trunnion 21. The embodiment utilizes the main hook 41 to hook the trunnion 21, thereby providing a lifting force for the metallurgical vessel 1; and the connection mode effectively ensures that the main lifting hook 41 can ensure a good connection relation with the trunnion 21 when the metallurgical vessel 1 rotates by taking the trunnion 21 as a pivot. In this embodiment the trunnion 21 is welded to the metallurgical vessel 1 or the trunnion 21 is cast as one piece with the metallurgical vessel 1. Meanwhile, in the embodiment, there are two trunnions 21, the two trunnions 21 are respectively located on the front and rear side walls of the metallurgical vessel 1, and the axial center lines of the two trunnions 21 are overlapped, that is, the two trunnions 21 are symmetrically distributed on the front and rear side walls of the metallurgical vessel 1. The two main lifting hooks 41 are respectively matched with the two trunnions 21, namely, the two main lifting hooks 41 are respectively hooked on the two trunnions 21, so that the stress on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the metallurgical container 1 is equal, and the torque applied to the metallurgical container 1 by the main lifting appliance 4 through the two trunnions 21 is balanced, so that the metallurgical container 1 is kept stable. And in this embodiment, the two trunnions 21 are located in the middle of the metallurgical vessel 1 in the left-right direction, and the auxiliary connecting member 3 is located on the left side wall of the metallurgical vessel 1; thereby ensuring that when the main lifting appliance 4 lifts the metallurgical container 1 through the two trunnions 21, the torque applied by the main lifting appliance 4 on the metallurgical container 1 is zero, so that the metallurgical container 1 keeps a suspended state and is stable; when the auxiliary hoist 5 applies an upward force to the metallurgical vessel 1 through the auxiliary connecting member 3, the upward force will form a non-zero torque on the metallurgical vessel 1 and drive the metallurgical vessel 1 to rotate clockwise around the trunnion 21 as a pivot, so as to realize the purpose of tipping the metallurgical vessel 1 in the clockwise direction. As shown in fig. 2, 3 and 6, the auxiliary connecting member 3 is also installed on the right side of the metallurgical vessel 1 in this embodiment, that is, two auxiliary connecting members 3 are installed on the metallurgical vessel 1 in this embodiment, and the two auxiliary connecting members 3 are symmetrically distributed on the metallurgical vessel 1 in the left-right direction, so that when in use, the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 is selectively connected with one corresponding auxiliary connecting member 3, thereby tipping the metallurgical vessel 1 leftwards or rightwards, enabling both the left and right sides of the metallurgical vessel 1 to be tipped, facilitating use, and facilitating prolonging the service life of the metallurgical vessel 1.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4 and fig. 7 to 9, in the present embodiment, the sub-hook 31 is mounted on the metallurgical vessel 1, the sub-hook 31 constitutes the sub-link 3, and the sub-hoist 5 includes a rope 51, and the rope 51 is engaged with the sub-hook 31, that is, the sub-hook 31 hooks the rope 51. When in use, the auxiliary hook 31 is convenient to hook the rope 51, thereby facilitating the use. Meanwhile, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the auxiliary hook 31 is movably connected with the metallurgical vessel 1 in the embodiment; therefore, in the self-rotation process of the metallurgical container 1, the auxiliary hook 31 rotates relative to the metallurgical container 1 to ensure that the auxiliary hook 31 and the rope 51 keep a good connection relationship, and further ensure that the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 can apply a stable upward acting force to the metallurgical container 1 through the rope 51 and the auxiliary hook 31. As shown in fig. 4 and 6, the metallurgical vessel 1 is provided with a limit plate 6, the secondary hook 31 comprises a hook head 311 which is matched with the rope 51, a connecting part 312 which is movably connected with the metallurgical vessel 1, and a limited part 313, the limited part 313 is used for abutting against the limit plate 6, so that when the metallurgical vessel 1 rotates clockwise relative to the secondary hook 31, the tilting angle of the metallurgical vessel 1 exceeds a set range due to an overlarge rotation range by utilizing the abutting relation between the two, namely, the tilting angle range of the metallurgical vessel 1 is effectively limited by utilizing the abutting relation between the two. As shown in fig. 1 to 4 and 6, in the present embodiment, a plurality of supporting side plates 11 are welded to the lower end of the metallurgical vessel 1, and a bottom plate 12 is welded to the lower end of the supporting side plates 11, so that the metallurgical vessel 1 can be placed on a platform or the like as needed, and the metallurgical vessel 1 is supported by the bottom plate 12 and the supporting side plates 11. Two supporting side plates 11 are positioned at the lower end of the left side wall of the metallurgical container 1, the auxiliary hook 31 is positioned between the two supporting side plates 11, and the third pin shaft 13 penetrates through the connecting part 312 of the auxiliary hook 31 and is arranged on the two supporting side plates 11 in a penetrating manner, so that the auxiliary hook 31 is hinged with the two supporting side plates 11 and the metallurgical container 1; and the limiting plate 6 is positioned between the two supporting side plates 11, and the limiting plate 6 is welded with the bottom plate 12. The trunnion 21 is in this embodiment located at the upper end of the metallurgical vessel 1 and the secondary hanger 31 is lower than the trunnion 21.
As shown in fig. 1, 5, 7, 8, and 10, in this embodiment, the sub spreader 5 further includes a sub beam 52, two ends of the rope 51 are respectively connected to two ends of the sub beam 52, and a middle portion of the rope 51 is engaged with the sub hook 31. This structure allows the rope 51 to have a structure that is opened from the middle portion to both ends, which facilitates the auxiliary hook 31 to hook the rope 51. In use, the rope 51 is V-shaped as shown in fig. 1, 4, 7 and 8. As shown in fig. 1, 4, 7 and 8, the rope 51 of the present embodiment includes two chains 511 and a flexible member 512 disposed between the two chains 511, the flexible member 512 is engaged with the auxiliary hook 31, one end of the chain 511 is connected to the flexible member 512, and the other end of the chain 511 is connected to the auxiliary beam 52. In the embodiment, the cable chain 511 is used for effectively enhancing the overall strength of the rope 51, and the flexible member 512 is used for facilitating the connection between the flexible member 512 and the rope 51 and the auxiliary hook 31 due to the flexibility of the flexible member 512. In this embodiment, the flexible member 512 is a rope, and in this embodiment, the flexible member 512 is a steel wire rope; the pliable component 512 may be made of a high temperature resistant composite in other embodiments. One end of the chain 511 is connected to the flexible element 512 through a pull rod 514 in this embodiment, so as to effectively ensure that the flexible element 512 keeps the open state.
As shown in fig. 4 and 8, a U-shaped connecting member 513 having an accommodating cavity is installed at the other end of each of the two chains 511, an auxiliary connecting plate 521 is installed at each of the front and rear ends of the auxiliary cross beam 52, the auxiliary connecting plate 521 is embedded in the accommodating cavity of the U-shaped connecting member 513, and the auxiliary connecting plate 521 is hinged to the U-shaped connecting member 513 by a first pin 522, that is, the first pin 522 penetrates through the auxiliary connecting plate 521 and is installed at each of the two ends of the U-shaped connecting member 513. This kind of connection structure is adopted to this embodiment, is convenient for drive rope 51 and rotates for vice crossbeam 52 in the left and right sides direction to guarantee that the movable mode of rope 51 is more nimble, be convenient for hang rope 51 on vice lifting hook 31, and be convenient for take off rope 51 from vice lifting hook 31.
As shown in fig. 1, 5, and 7 to 10, in this embodiment, an auxiliary connection seat 53 is installed in the middle of the auxiliary cross beam 52, and the auxiliary lifting device 5 further includes an auxiliary driving device connected to the auxiliary connection seat 53, and the auxiliary driving device can drive the auxiliary connection seat 53, the auxiliary cross beam 52, the rope 51, and the auxiliary lifting hook 31 to move in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction. In the embodiment, the auxiliary driving device adopts a traveling crane. Meanwhile, as shown in fig. 7 to 10, in the present embodiment, the secondary connecting seat 53 includes two secondary ear plates 531 welded to the secondary cross beam 52 and a second pin 532 penetrating through the two secondary ear plates 531, and a secondary driving connecting hook is installed at an output end of the secondary driving device, and the secondary driving connecting hook is matched with the second pin 532, that is, the secondary driving connecting hook hooks the second pin 532.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, the main spreader 4 in this embodiment further includes a main beam 42, and the two main hooks 41 are respectively hinged to the front and rear ends of the main beam 42. Two main connecting plates 421 are welded to the front and rear ends of the main beam 42, and the main hook 41 is embedded between the two main connecting plates 421 and hinged to the two main connecting plates 421 through a fourth pin 422. Meanwhile, the main spreader 4 in this embodiment further includes a main driving device connected to the main beam 42, and the main driving device can drive the main beam 42, the main hook 41, and the metallurgical container 1 to move in the up-down direction. In this embodiment, the main driving device adopts a traveling crane, and the output end of the main driving device is provided with a main driving connecting hook. In this embodiment, the main connecting seat 43 is installed in the middle of the main beam 42, and the main connecting seat 43 includes two main ear plates 431 welded to the main beam 42 and a fifth pin 432 passing through the two main ear plates 431, and the main driving connecting hook is matched with the fifth pin 432, that is, the main driving connecting hook hooks the fifth pin 432.
The operation of this example, when it is desired to tip over the metallurgical vessel 1, is as follows: the two main lifting hooks 41 are respectively hooked on the two trunnions 21, the metallurgical container 1 is lifted to a set position by the main lifting appliance 4, the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 is lowered, the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 is driven by the auxiliary driving device to integrally and horizontally move, the auxiliary lifting hook 31 is hooked by the flexible part 512 on the auxiliary lifting appliance 5, the auxiliary lifting hook 31 rotates clockwise around the third pin shaft 13 under the traction action of the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 until the center of the hook head part 311 of the auxiliary lifting hook 31 is vertically overlapped with the center of the third pin shaft 13, when the auxiliary lifting hook 31 continues to be pulled by the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 to move upwards, the auxiliary lifting hook 31 drives the metallurgical container 1 to rotate clockwise around the trunnions 21 until the metallurgical container 1 rotates to a set angle, and therefore the metallurgical container 1 is tipped, and liquid metal or liquid metallurgical slag in the metallurgical container 1 is poured out.
In the embodiment, all the components of the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism are made of high-temperature-resistant materials, so that the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism can bear the high-temperature heat load of the outer wall of the metallurgical vessel 1 during tilting, and the metallurgical vessel 1 has reliable strength and long service life. In this embodiment, the auxiliary hook 31 is made of a low-alloy high-strength steel plate, and the rope 51 is made of alloy steel. The metallurgical vessel 1 in this embodiment may be obtained by a casting method or may be obtained by a welding method; that is, the tilting mechanism for a metallurgical vessel in the present embodiment can be applied to the metallurgical vessel 1 processed by a casting method or a welding method, so that the tilting mechanism for a metallurgical vessel in the present embodiment can be applied to a wider range. The metallurgical container tilting mechanism in the embodiment has the advantages of simple overall structure, simplicity and convenience in manufacturing and lower manufacturing cost. The tilting mechanism of the metallurgical vessel in the embodiment can turn the metallurgical vessel 1 by 130 degrees at most so as to ensure that the liquid metal or liquid metallurgical slag in the metallurgical vessel 1 can be completely poured out.
In this embodiment, the main spreader 4 and the sub spreader 5 can also drive the metallurgical vessel 1 to move in the horizontal direction. In the hoisting, the main hook 41 is hooked on the trunnion 21, so that the metallurgical vessel 1 is hoisted to a set position by the main hoist 4. When the metallurgical vessel 1 needs to be tipped, the auxiliary cross beam 52 and the rope 51 of the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 descend, and the auxiliary driving device drives the auxiliary cross beam 52 and the rope 51 to move horizontally, so that the flexible part 512 in the middle of the rope 51 hooks the auxiliary lifting hook 31, and the tipping operation is carried out.
In the process of configuring the metallurgical container tilting mechanism on the high-temperature liquid metal ladle or the slag ladle in the embodiment, the main lifting appliance 4 and the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 can be manufactured respectively and assembled on the metallurgical container 1 respectively, so that the metallurgical container tilting mechanism can replace the widely adopted solution of configuring the complete set of lifting appliances on the high-temperature liquid metal ladle and the slag ladle together. Since the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 in this embodiment can be configured by the crane manufacturer according to actual needs, when a user purchases a high-temperature liquid metal ladle or a slag ladle, the purchase cost of the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 can be saved, and only other components configured on the high-temperature liquid metal ladle or the slag ladle except the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 need to be purchased. Meanwhile, except the auxiliary lifting appliance 5, the other parts in the embodiment are low in manufacturing cost, and compared with a complete lifting appliance configured on a high-temperature liquid metal ladle or a slag ladle in the prior art, the cost is saved by nearly ten thousand yuan. The application amount of the high-temperature liquid metal ladle and the slag ladle is very large, so that millions of yuan of purchase cost can be saved for users only by calculating the number of the high-temperature liquid metal ladle and the slag ladle owned by a medium-sized smelting enterprise. In consideration of the fact that the complete set of lifting appliance needs to be replaced for several times in the whole life cycle of the high-temperature liquid metal ladle or the slag ladle, the adoption of the metallurgical container tipping mechanism in the embodiment can save nearly ten thousand yuan of the purchasing cost of the lifting appliance for a medium-sized smelting enterprise in the whole life cycle of the high-temperature liquid metal ladle or the slag ladle. The cost of the tilting mechanism of the metallurgical container in the embodiment is only about hundreds of thousands; the economic benefit of the tilting mechanism of the metallurgical container in the embodiment is considerable by calculating the holding amount of the high-temperature liquid metal ladle and the slag ladle of a plurality of smelting enterprises at home and abroad.
In this embodiment, the above-mentioned metallurgical process can realize the treatment of metallurgical intermediate products, such as metallurgical slag, and therefore the metallurgical process in this embodiment specifically includes the following steps: the method comprises the steps of hoisting metallurgical containers 1 such as a coarse copper clad container and a steel ladle to the lower part of a furnace by using a main hoisting tool 4, carrying liquid high-temperature metal by using the metallurgical containers 1, hoisting the metallurgical containers 1 to a refining furnace by using the main hoisting tool 4, driving an auxiliary connecting piece 3 to move upwards relative to the main hoisting tool 4 by using an auxiliary hoisting tool 5, driving the metallurgical containers 1 to overturn by using the main connecting piece 2 as a fulcrum by using the auxiliary connecting piece 3 until the metallurgical containers 1 overturn to a set angle, and dumping the liquid high-temperature metal in the metallurgical containers 1 into the refining furnace.
In another embodiment, the metallurgical process specifically comprises the following steps: the whole main lifting appliance 4 is driven to move by a travelling crane, the metallurgical container 1 is lifted and transported to the lower part of a furnace by the main lifting appliance 4, so that the metallurgical container 1 is used for bearing liquid high-temperature metallurgical slag, the connection between a main lifting hook 41 of the main lifting appliance 4 and a trunnion 21 on the metallurgical container 1 is disconnected, so that the transportation of the metallurgical container 1 is convenient, the metallurgical container 1 is transported to a slag yard by a trolley, liquid high-temperature metal is cooled or not cooled, the main lifting hook 41 of the main lifting appliance 4 in the slag yard hooks the trunnion 21 on the metallurgical container 1, the metallurgical container 1 is lifted and transported to a set position by the main lifting appliance 4, an auxiliary lifting hook 31 on the metallurgical container 1 hooks a rope 51 of an auxiliary lifting appliance 5 in the slag yard, the auxiliary lifting appliance 5 drives the auxiliary lifting hook 31 to move upwards relative to the main lifting appliance 4, the auxiliary lifting hook 31 drives the metallurgical container 1 to overturn by taking the trunnion 21 as a fulcrum until the metallurgical container 1 is overturned to a set angle, so as to pour out the metallurgical slag in the metallurgical container 1, then the metallurgical slag is treated by crushing, flotation and the like. Main hoist 4 and vice hoist 5 are detachable connection with metallurgical container 1 in this application, thus, when needs transport metallurgical container 1 to another processing place by a processing place, accessible disconnection main hoist 4 and vice hoist 5 are connected with metallurgical container 1, thereby only need transport metallurgical container 1, made things convenient for metallurgical container 1 transportation work, when needs tumble metallurgical container 1 once more, again with corresponding main hoist 4 and vice hoist 5 with be connected with metallurgical container 1 can, this kind of operation is more nimble, made things convenient for the transportation work to metallurgical container 1, and platform truck etc. of transportation usefulness need not to be equipped with dedicated tipping device again, make the manufacturing cost greatly reduced of metallurgical technology in this embodiment.
The metallurgical process of the metallurgical intermediate product provided by the invention has the advantages of few process equipment, short flow, simple and convenient operation and high universality, and can generate the maximum economic benefit for users with the least investment.
In conclusion, the present invention effectively overcomes various disadvantages of the prior art and has high industrial utilization value.
The foregoing embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and utilities of the present invention and are not intended to limit the invention. Any person skilled in the art can modify or change the above-mentioned embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, it is intended that all equivalent modifications or changes which can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and technical spirit of the present invention be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism, characterized in that: the lifting device comprises a main connecting piece (2) arranged on a metallurgical container (1), an auxiliary connecting piece (3) arranged on the metallurgical container (1), a main lifting appliance (4) connected with the main connecting piece (2) and an auxiliary lifting appliance (5) connected with the auxiliary connecting piece (3), wherein the auxiliary connecting piece (3) is positioned on one side of the main connecting piece (2), and the auxiliary lifting appliance (5) can drive the auxiliary connecting piece (3) to move along the vertical direction; an auxiliary hook (31) is mounted on the metallurgical container (1), the auxiliary hook (31) forms the auxiliary connecting piece (3), the auxiliary lifting appliance (5) comprises a rope (51), and the rope (51) is matched with the auxiliary hook (31); the auxiliary lifting hook (31) is movably connected with the metallurgical container (1); the metallurgical container (1) is provided with a limiting plate (6), the auxiliary lifting hook (31) comprises a hook head part (311) matched with the rope (51), a connecting part (312) movably connected with the metallurgical container (1) and a limited part (313), and the limited part (313) is used for abutting against the limiting plate (6) and limiting the tilting angle range of the metallurgical container (1); the welding of the lower extreme of metallurgical container (1) has a plurality of support curb plates (11), and the lower extreme welding of supporting curb plate (11) has bottom plate (12), wherein has two to support the lower extreme that curb plate (11) are located a lateral wall of metallurgical container (1), vice lifting hook (31) are located two and support between curb plate (11), and third round pin axle (13) pass connecting portion (312) of vice lifting hook (31) and wear to establish on two support curb plates (11), limiting plate (6) are located two and support between curb plate (11) and limiting plate (6) and bottom plate (12) welding.
2. The metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of claim 1, wherein: install trunnion (21) on metallurgical vessel (1), trunnion (21) constitutes main connecting piece (2), main hoist (4) are including main lifting hook (41), main lifting hook (41) cooperate with trunnion (21).
3. The metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the auxiliary lifting appliance (5) further comprises an auxiliary cross beam (52), two ends of the rope (51) are connected with two ends of the auxiliary cross beam (52) respectively, and the middle of the rope (51) is matched with the auxiliary lifting hook (31).
4. The metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of claim 3, wherein: the rope (51) comprises two rope chains (511) and a flexible part (512) located between the two rope chains (511), the flexible part (512) is matched with the auxiliary lifting hook (31), one end of each rope chain (511) is connected with the flexible part (512), and the other end of each rope chain (511) is connected with the auxiliary cross beam (52).
5. The metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of claim 4, wherein: the other end of the cable chain (511) is provided with a U-shaped connecting piece (513) with an accommodating cavity, an auxiliary connecting plate (521) is arranged on the auxiliary cross beam (52), the auxiliary connecting plate (521) is embedded in the accommodating cavity of the U-shaped connecting piece (513), and the auxiliary connecting plate (521) is hinged to the U-shaped connecting piece (513) through a first pin shaft (522).
6. The metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of claim 3, wherein: the middle part of the auxiliary cross beam (52) is provided with an auxiliary connecting seat (53), the auxiliary lifting appliance (5) further comprises an auxiliary driving device connected with the auxiliary connecting seat (53), and the auxiliary driving device can drive the auxiliary connecting seat (53), the auxiliary cross beam (52), the rope (51) and the auxiliary lifting hook (31) to move in the up-down direction.
7. A metallurgical process employing the metallurgical vessel tilting mechanism of claim 1, comprising the steps of:
the metallurgical container (1) is hoisted by the main hanger (4) through the main connecting piece (2), the auxiliary hanger (5) is utilized to drive the auxiliary connecting piece (3) to move upwards relative to the main hanger (4), and the auxiliary connecting piece (3) drives the metallurgical container (1) to overturn by taking the main connecting piece (2) as a fulcrum until the metallurgical container (1) overturns to a set angle.
CN201710866382.XA 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process Active CN107840158B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710866382.XA CN107840158B (en) 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710866382.XA CN107840158B (en) 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107840158A CN107840158A (en) 2018-03-27
CN107840158B true CN107840158B (en) 2022-03-15

Family

ID=61661727

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710866382.XA Active CN107840158B (en) 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107840158B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110949978A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-03 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Assembled small rail car for underground development engineering

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2881777A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-11 Eoin Fionn Mac Bucket tilting device for e.g. industrial field, has bucket comprising vertical handle articulated along horizontal axis in two drilled tabs, so as to empty bucket, where handle comprises loop permitting fixation of cord
CN201228204Y (en) * 2008-06-02 2009-04-29 山东石横特钢集团有限公司 Crane for casting shop
CN201913235U (en) * 2011-01-24 2011-08-03 孙立军 Steel ladle cover adding and removing device
CN202359129U (en) * 2011-04-14 2012-08-01 南京鹏昆机电科技有限公司 Recycling treatment and heat energy recovery device for high-temperature liquid steel slag
CN202539546U (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-11-21 邢立军 Molten steel transportation ladle
CN104439225A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-25 张家港长力机械有限公司 Ladle
CN204265211U (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-15 河南省矿山起重机有限公司 A kind of gantry hook and use the hoisting crane of this gantry hook
CN104550895A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-04-29 无锡巨力重工股份有限公司 Vertical and horizontal dual-purpose steel ladle tilting mechanism
CN204686007U (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-10-07 苗建武 Hot-metal bottle turning device
CN206033028U (en) * 2016-07-30 2017-03-22 河南卫华重型机械股份有限公司 Hoist of guaranteeing serviceability turns over
CN206288855U (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-06-30 重庆起重机厂有限责任公司 Combination lifting system
CN206298269U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-07-04 重庆起重机厂有限责任公司 Can automatic discharging combination lifting system
CN206504629U (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-09-19 成都冶金实验厂有限公司 A kind of converter provided with protection system

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2881777A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-11 Eoin Fionn Mac Bucket tilting device for e.g. industrial field, has bucket comprising vertical handle articulated along horizontal axis in two drilled tabs, so as to empty bucket, where handle comprises loop permitting fixation of cord
CN201228204Y (en) * 2008-06-02 2009-04-29 山东石横特钢集团有限公司 Crane for casting shop
CN201913235U (en) * 2011-01-24 2011-08-03 孙立军 Steel ladle cover adding and removing device
CN202359129U (en) * 2011-04-14 2012-08-01 南京鹏昆机电科技有限公司 Recycling treatment and heat energy recovery device for high-temperature liquid steel slag
CN202539546U (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-11-21 邢立军 Molten steel transportation ladle
CN104439225A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-25 张家港长力机械有限公司 Ladle
CN204265211U (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-15 河南省矿山起重机有限公司 A kind of gantry hook and use the hoisting crane of this gantry hook
CN104550895A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-04-29 无锡巨力重工股份有限公司 Vertical and horizontal dual-purpose steel ladle tilting mechanism
CN204686007U (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-10-07 苗建武 Hot-metal bottle turning device
CN206033028U (en) * 2016-07-30 2017-03-22 河南卫华重型机械股份有限公司 Hoist of guaranteeing serviceability turns over
CN206288855U (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-06-30 重庆起重机厂有限责任公司 Combination lifting system
CN206298269U (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-07-04 重庆起重机厂有限责任公司 Can automatic discharging combination lifting system
CN206504629U (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-09-19 成都冶金实验厂有限公司 A kind of converter provided with protection system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN107840158A (en) 2018-03-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4360304A (en) Extendable crane trolley and method
CN107840158B (en) Metallurgical container tipping mechanism and metallurgical process
US3330429A (en) Pot handling trailer
CN2863747Y (en) High-temperature resistant bidirectional rotation multipurpose clamp
US4930827A (en) Hoisting hooks used to lift, transport and dump metallurgical ladles
US4122961A (en) Pot handlling trailer with compound action
CN210908088U (en) Molten iron pouring device
US3226783A (en) Industrial truck and attachment combination
CN209953792U (en) Tipping locking device for molten steel or hot-metal ladle
CN2652566Y (en) Large volume open mouth molten iron ladle vehicle
US3047916A (en) Container-tilting rigging
RU2349417C2 (en) Method and facility for rotating of metallurgical ladle
US711806A (en) Hoisting apparatus.
CN214003777U (en) Metallurgical container with movable turning hook and turning mechanism
CN206857970U (en) A kind of gantry hook
US6261043B1 (en) Material moving system
US3487957A (en) Charging apparatus
US3863791A (en) Self-loading slag pot transporter
US3314550A (en) Furnace charger crane
US3502233A (en) Scrap handling and charging apparatus
CN204824044U (en) Pay -off is shoveled for fork truck
CN212495370U (en) Molten aluminum ladle tipping device
CN203561209U (en) Dumping device
CN214031576U (en) Coupler knuckle mounting structure for forklift
US2784861A (en) Manipulator tong attachment for lift trucks

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant