CN107814291A - A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving - Google Patents

A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107814291A
CN107814291A CN201711142855.8A CN201711142855A CN107814291A CN 107814291 A CN107814291 A CN 107814291A CN 201711142855 A CN201711142855 A CN 201711142855A CN 107814291 A CN107814291 A CN 107814291A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
friction
plate
mandrel
spring
bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201711142855.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江斌华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Ustc Hi Tech Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Ustc Hi Tech Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Ustc Hi Tech Development Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Ustc Hi Tech Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711142855.8A priority Critical patent/CN107814291A/en
Priority to CN201710200345.5A priority patent/CN106927333B/en
Publication of CN107814291A publication Critical patent/CN107814291A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/282Structure thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/16Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well
    • B66B5/18Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well and applying frictional retarding forces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/04Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/04Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed
    • B66B5/06Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed electrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/284Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips mounted on cars or counterweights

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving, deceleration device includes deceleration executing agency, the manual-operating mechanism being operated manually to deceleration executing agency, the automatic manipulation mechanism being automatically brought into operation to deceleration executing agency, detect the acceleration detector of the cage descending acceleration, detect the speed detector of the car speed, acceleration and speed to the car send the alarm of alarm, and receive acceleration detector and speed detector signal and the controller being controlled to automatic manipulation mechanism and alarm.Compared with prior art, the anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving of the invention, it can slow down to the car in drop event, effectively avoid car from falling and cause human casualty accident, practical.

Description

A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving
Present patent application is the divisional application of Chinese Patent Application No. 201710200345.5, the application number of original application For 201710200345.5, the applying date is on 03 30th, 2017, a kind of entitled pendant elevator that slows down.
Technical field
The present invention relates to elevators field, and in particular to a kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving.
Background technology
Vertical lift elevator is widely used as the Architectural Equipment commonly used in people's daily life, in actual use process In, the car uniform acceleration that occurs falling suddenly can be caused larger or the unusual conditions such as hypervelocity occur due to some factors, to multiplying The personal safety of visitor causes great threat.
In consideration of it, inventor furthers investigate to above mentioned problem, there is this case generation then.
The content of the invention
Car in drop event can be slowed down it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of, effectively avoid car from falling Cause human casualty accident, the anti-fall elevator of practical decelerating energy-saving.
In order to achieve the above object, technical scheme as present invention use:
A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving, including car, defining elevator has the first adjacent successively madial wall, second Madial wall, the 3rd madial wall and the 4th madial wall, the car have bottom wall and with the first madial wall of elevator, second Side wall, the 3rd madial wall and the 4th madial wall respectively one by one corresponding the first lateral wall, the second lateral wall, the 3rd lateral wall and 4th lateral wall;Also include the deceleration device to be slowed down to car;The deceleration device includes deceleration executing agency, to slowing down The manual-operating mechanism that executing agency is operated manually, the automatic manipulation mechanism being automatically brought into operation to deceleration executing agency, The acceleration detector of the cage descending acceleration is detected, the speed detector of the car speed is detected, to the car Acceleration and speed send the alarm of alarm, and receive acceleration detector and speed detector signal and to automatic behaviour Make mechanism and controller that alarm is controlled;
The deceleration executing agency includes the first reducing execution device on the car, and second, which slows down, performs dress Put, and to speed reducing driving device that the first reducing execution device and the second reducing execution device are driven;Described first subtracts Fast performs device carry out friction eceleration corresponding with the first madial wall of elevator, second reducing execution device and elevator The corresponding carry out friction eceleration of the 3rd madial wall;
First reducing execution device is included located at the first lateral wall bottom and respectively close to the first lateral wall two First deceleration of vertical side performs monomer, and second, which slows down, performs monomer, and the execution monomer and second that slows down to first slows down Perform the first deceleration monomer that monomer is directly driven;
It is described first slow down perform monomer include be in contact with the first madial wall of elevator rubbed first friction Roller, and the first friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the first lateral wall direction with the first friction roller; First friction roller includes the first roller bodies and is connected with first lateral wall to be supported the first roller bodies The first support frame, first roller bodies include horizontally disposed and first friction mandrel parallel with first lateral wall and Two are respectively fixedly connected with first friction pulley at the first friction mandrel both ends, first support frame include the first upper backup pad, First lower supporting plate and two be articulated in the first friction mandrel both ends and on the inside of two first friction pulleys first Pivot connecting plate;First upper backup pad is parallel with first friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two towards the first friction mandrel First pivot connecting plate is fixed together, first lower supporting plate it is parallel with first friction mandrel and from the bottom to top by Gradually tilt towards the first friction mandrel and be fixed together with two first pivot connecting plates;First pivot connecting plate is formed with accommodating institute The first bar hole of the first friction mandrel is stated, first bar hole is horizontally disposed and perpendicular to first lateral wall;Described One bar hole have close to first lateral wall first close to end and away from the first lateral wall first away from end, described the It is provided with one bar hole and is located at described first and supports spring away from first between end and first friction mandrel, described first The first storage tank of spring is supported formed with described first after accommodating compression away from end, and described first supports spring and described the The bottom of one storage tank links together;The end of the first friction-driven bar is formed with corresponding with first friction mandrel First friction groove of matching, the first friction groove have friction wall on be in top first and be below first Lower friction wall;The first madial wall that the lower end of first upper backup pad is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, to be resisted against On described first above friction wall first on elastic extension plate, on first above elastic extension plate and horizontally disposed Spring on one upper mounted plate, and first be located on first between elastic extension plate and the first upper mounted plate;Described first Upper elastic extension plate is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of first lower supporting plate is provided with elevator The first madial wall extend and correspond to first time elastic extension plate that elasticity is resisted against below first time friction wall, in Once elastic extension plate lower section and horizontally disposed first bottom plate, and be located under first time elastic extension plate and first The first lower spring between fixed plate;First time elastic extension plate is gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;It is described First friction-driven bar is equipped to be connected and the first guide plate and second vertical with the first friction-driven bar with the bottom wall Guide plate, the first guide plate second guide plate closer to described first friction groove, first guide plate and Second guide plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the first friction-driven bar matching, the first friction-driven bar Side face formed with the first limiting plate between first guide plate and the second guide plate, first limiting plate with it is described The the first bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the first friction-driven bar is opened between first guide plate;
It is described second slow down perform monomer include be in contact with the first madial wall of elevator rubbed second friction Roller, and the second friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the first lateral wall direction with the second friction roller; Second friction roller includes the second roller bodies and is connected with first lateral wall to be supported the second roller bodies The second support frame, second roller bodies include horizontally disposed and second friction mandrel parallel with first lateral wall and Two are respectively fixedly connected with second friction pulley at the second friction mandrel both ends, second support frame include the second upper backup pad, Second lower supporting plate and two be articulated in the second friction mandrel both ends and on the inside of two second friction pulleys second Pivot connecting plate;Second upper backup pad is parallel with second friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two towards the second friction mandrel Second pivot connecting plate is fixed together, second lower supporting plate it is parallel with second friction mandrel and from the bottom to top by Gradually tilt towards the second friction mandrel and be fixed together with two second pivot connecting plates;Second pivot connecting plate is formed with accommodating institute The second bar hole of the second friction mandrel is stated, the second bar shaped hole horizontal sets and perpendicular to first lateral wall;Described Two bar holes have close to first lateral wall second close to end and away from the first lateral wall second away from end, described the It is provided with two bar holes and is located at described second and supports spring away from second between end and second friction mandrel, described second The second storage tank of spring is supported formed with described second after accommodating compression away from end, and described second supports spring and described the The bottom of two storage tanks links together;The end of the second friction-driven bar is formed with corresponding with second friction mandrel Second friction groove of matching, the second friction groove have friction wall on be in top second and be below second Lower friction wall;The first madial wall that the lower end of second upper backup pad is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, to be resisted against On described second above friction wall second on elastic extension plate, on second above elastic extension plate and horizontally disposed Spring on two upper mounted plates, and second be located on second between elastic extension plate and the second upper mounted plate;Described second Upper elastic extension plate is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of second lower supporting plate is provided with elevator The first madial wall extend and correspond to second time elastic extension plate that elasticity is resisted against below second time friction wall, in Two times elastic extension plates lower sections and horizontally disposed second bottom plate, and be located under second time elastic extension plate and second The second lower spring between fixed plate;Second time elastic extension plate is gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;It is described Second friction-driven bar is equipped to be connected and the 3rd guide plate and the 4th vertical with the second friction-driven bar with the bottom wall Guide plate, the 3rd guide plate the 4th guide plate closer to described second friction groove, the 3rd guide plate and 4th guide plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the second friction-driven bar matching, the second friction-driven bar Side face formed with the second limiting plate between the 3rd guide plate and the 4th guide plate, second limiting plate with it is described The the second bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the second friction-driven bar is opened between 3rd guide plate;
The first deceleration monomer includes parallel with the first friction-driven bar and the second friction-driven bar First drive rod, the first perpendicular drive link with the first friction-driven bar and the second friction-driven bar, and with first The first guide rod that drive rod extends in the same direction;First drive rod and the first guide rod are connected to first transmission In the middle part of bar;First drive rod be equipped be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the first drive rod first driving be oriented to Plate, the first driving guide plate is formed with the through hole slid through for first drive rod matching, first guide rod Be equipped be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the first guide rod second driving guide plate, it is described second driving be oriented to plate shape Into having the through hole slid through is matched for first guide rod;First drive link has and the first friction-driven bar Corresponding the first drive end being driven, and the second drive end being driven corresponding with the second friction-driven bar; Opened between first drive end and the first friction-driven bar and be provided with the first frictional force holding spring, second drive end Opened between the second friction-driven bar and be provided with the second frictional force holding spring;First drive end and the described first friction Pad between holding spring of trying hard to keep is provided with first pressure sensor, and second drive end and second frictional force are kept between spring Pad is provided with second pressure sensor;
Second reducing execution device is included located at the 3rd lateral wall bottom and respectively close to the 3rd lateral wall two 3rd deceleration of vertical side performs monomer, and the 4th, which slows down, performs monomer, and the execution monomer and the 4th that slows down to the 3rd slows down Perform the second deceleration monomer that monomer is directly driven;
It is described 3rd slow down perform monomer include be in contact with the 3rd madial wall of elevator rubbed the 3rd friction Roller, and the 3rd friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall direction with the 3rd friction roller; 3rd friction roller includes the 3rd roller bodies and is connected with the 3rd lateral wall to be supported the 3rd roller bodies The 3rd support frame, the 3rd roller bodies include horizontally disposed and threeth friction mandrel parallel with the 3rd lateral wall and Two are respectively fixedly connected with the 3rd friction pulley at the 3rd friction mandrel both ends, the 3rd support frame include the 3rd upper backup pad, 3rd lower supporting plate and two be articulated in the 3rd friction mandrel both ends and on the inside of two the 3rd friction pulleys the 3rd Pivot connecting plate;3rd upper backup pad is parallel with the 3rd friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two towards the 3rd friction mandrel 3rd pivot connecting plate is fixed together, the 3rd lower supporting plate it is parallel with the 3rd friction mandrel and from the bottom to top by Gradually tilt towards the 3rd friction mandrel and be fixed together with two the 3rd pivot connecting plates;3rd pivot connecting plate is formed with accommodating institute The Article 3 shape hole of the 3rd friction mandrel is stated, the Article 3 shape hole horizontal sets and perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall;Described Three bar holes have close to the 3rd lateral wall the 3rd close to end and away from the 3rd lateral wall the 3rd away from end, described the It is provided with three bar holes and is located at the described 3rd and supports spring away from the 3rd between end and the 3rd friction mandrel, the described 3rd The 3rd storage tank of spring is supported formed with the described 3rd after accommodating compression away from end, and the described 3rd supports spring and described the The bottom of three storage tanks links together;The end of the 3rd friction-driven bar is formed with corresponding with the 3rd friction mandrel 3rd friction groove of matching, the 3rd friction groove have friction wall on the be in top the 3rd and the be below the 3rd Lower friction wall;The 3rd madial wall that the lower end of 3rd upper backup pad is provided with elevator extends and corresponds to elasticity and is resisted against On described 3rd above friction wall the 3rd on elastic extension plate, above elastic extension plate on the 3rd and horizontally disposed Spring on three upper mounted plates, and the 3rd be located on the 3rd between elastic extension plate and the 3rd upper mounted plate;Described 3rd Upper elastic extension plate is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of 3rd lower supporting plate is provided with elevator The 3rd madial wall extend and correspond to the three times elastic extension plates that elasticity is resisted against below the three times friction walls, in Three times elastic extension plates lower sections and horizontally disposed 3rd bottom plate, and be located under the three times elastic extension plates and the 3rd The 3rd lower spring between fixed plate;The three times elastic extension plates are gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;It is described 3rd friction-driven bar is equipped to be connected and the 5th guide plate and the 6th vertical with the 3rd friction-driven bar with the bottom wall Guide plate, the 5th guide plate the 6th guide plate closer to the described 3rd friction groove, the 5th guide plate and 6th guide plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the 3rd friction-driven bar matching, the 3rd friction-driven bar Side face formed with the 3rd limiting plate between the 5th guide plate and the 6th guide plate, the 3rd limiting plate with it is described The 3rd bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the 3rd friction-driven bar is opened between 5th guide plate;
It is described 4th slow down perform monomer include be in contact with the 3rd madial wall of elevator rubbed the 4th friction Roller, and the 4th friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall direction with the 4th friction roller; 4th friction roller includes the 4th roller bodies and is connected with the 3rd lateral wall to be supported the 4th roller bodies The 4th support frame, the 4th roller bodies include horizontally disposed and fourth friction mandrel parallel with the 3rd lateral wall and Two are respectively fixedly connected with the 4th friction pulley at the 4th friction mandrel both ends, the 4th support frame include the 4th upper backup pad, 4th lower supporting plate and two be articulated in the 4th friction mandrel both ends and on the inside of two the 4th friction pulleys the 4th Pivot connecting plate;4th upper backup pad is parallel with the 4th friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two towards the 4th friction mandrel 4th pivot connecting plate is fixed together, the 4th lower supporting plate it is parallel with the 4th friction mandrel and from the bottom to top by Gradually tilt towards the 4th friction mandrel and be fixed together with two the 4th pivot connecting plates;4th pivot connecting plate is formed with accommodating institute The Article 4 shape hole of the 4th friction mandrel is stated, the Article 4 shape hole horizontal sets and perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall;Described Four bar holes have close to the 3rd lateral wall the 4th close to end and away from the 3rd lateral wall the 4th away from end, described the It is provided with four bar holes and is located at the described 4th and supports spring away from the 4th between end and the 4th friction mandrel, the described 4th The 4th storage tank of spring is supported formed with the described 4th after accommodating compression away from end, and the described 4th supports spring and described the The bottom of four storage tanks links together;The end of the 4th friction-driven bar is formed with corresponding with the 4th friction mandrel 4th friction groove of matching, the 4th friction groove have friction wall on the be in top the 4th and the be below the 4th Lower friction wall;The 3rd madial wall that the lower end of 4th upper backup pad is provided with elevator extends and corresponds to elasticity and is resisted against On described 4th above friction wall the 4th on elastic extension plate, above elastic extension plate on the 4th and horizontally disposed Spring on four upper mounted plates, and the 4th be located on the 4th between elastic extension plate and the 4th upper mounted plate;Described 4th Upper elastic extension plate is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of 4th lower supporting plate is provided with elevator The 3rd madial wall extend and correspond to the four times elastic extension plates that elasticity is resisted against below the four times friction walls, in Four times elastic extension plates lower sections and horizontally disposed 4th bottom plate, and be located under the four times elastic extension plates and the 4th The 4th lower spring between fixed plate;The four times elastic extension plates are gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;It is described 4th friction-driven bar is equipped to be connected and the 7th guide plate and the 8th vertical with the 4th friction-driven bar with the bottom wall Guide plate, the 7th guide plate the 8th guide plate closer to the described 4th friction groove, the 7th guide plate and 8th guide plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the 4th friction-driven bar matching, the 4th friction-driven bar Side face formed with the 4th limiting plate between the 7th guide plate and the 8th guide plate, the 4th limiting plate with it is described The 4th bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the 4th friction-driven bar is opened between 7th guide plate;
The second deceleration monomer includes parallel with the 3rd friction-driven bar and the 4th friction-driven bar Second drive rod, the second perpendicular drive link with the 3rd friction-driven bar and the 4th friction-driven bar, and with second The second guide rod that drive rod extends in the same direction;Second drive rod and the second guide rod are connected to second transmission In the middle part of bar;Second drive rod be equipped be connected with the bottom wall and the vertical with the second drive rod the 3rd driving be oriented to Plate, the 3rd driving guide plate is formed with the through hole slid through for second drive rod matching, second guide rod It is equipped and is connected with the bottom wall and 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate vertical with the second guide rod, the 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate shape Into having the through hole slid through is matched for second guide rod;Second drive link has and the 3rd friction-driven bar Corresponding the 3rd drive end being driven, and the 4th drive end being driven corresponding with the 4th friction-driven bar; Opened between 3rd drive end and the 3rd friction-driven bar and be provided with the 3rd frictional force holding spring, the 4th drive end Opened between the 4th friction-driven bar and be provided with the 4th frictional force holding spring;3rd drive end and the described 3rd friction Pad between holding spring of trying hard to keep is provided with the 3rd pressure sensor, and the 4th drive end and the 4th frictional force are kept between spring Pad is provided with the 4th pressure sensor;
First drive rod has first power intake corresponding with second drive rod, second driving Bar has second power intake corresponding with first power intake;The speed reducing driving device includes and described the One power intake and the corresponding main drive rod of the second power intake, and the main driving dress being driven to main drive rod Put;The main drive includes turbine part and the worm screw part being driven to turbine part, and the turbine part passes through Main transmission bar to the main drive rod be driven along the push-and-pull of main drive rod bearing of trend;The main transmission bar have with it is described The first driving end that turbine part is articulated and the second driving end being articulated with the main transmission bar;The main drive Lever has a clutch end corresponding with first power intake and the second power intake, and first power is defeated Enter end formed with corresponding with the clutch end first by driving inclined-plane, second power intake formed with institute State clutch end it is corresponding second by driving inclined-plane, the clutch end formed with described first by driving inclined-plane phase Corresponding first main driving inclined-plane and with described second by corresponding the second main driving inclined-plane of driving inclined-plane;The main drive rod It is equipped and is connected with the bottom wall and vertical with main drive rod the first main guide plate and the second main guide plate;
The manual-operating mechanism includes the manual transmission part directly driven to the worm screw part;It is described automatic Operating mechanism includes the automatic transmission part directly driven to the worm screw part.
First friction mandrel is articulated by clutch shaft bearing and first bar hole, first bar hole Both ends are the circular arc to match with the clutch shaft bearing outer peripheral face;Second friction mandrel passes through second bearing and described second Bar hole is articulated, and the both ends of second bar hole are the circular arc to match with the second bearing outer peripheral face;Institute The 3rd friction mandrel is stated to be articulated by 3rd bearing and the Article 3 shape hole, the both ends in the Article 3 shape hole for institute State the circular arc that 3rd bearing outer peripheral face matches;4th friction mandrel is pivotally connected by fourth bearing and the Article 4 shape hole Together, the both ends in the Article 4 shape hole are the circular arc to match with the fourth bearing outer peripheral face.
The lower surface of elastic extension plate is formed with to match with friction wall outer peripheral face on described first on described first One upper limit groove, the upper surface of first time elastic extension plate with first time friction wall outer peripheral face formed with matching The first lower limit groove;On described second the lower surface of elastic extension plate formed with friction wall outer peripheral face phase on described second Second upper limit groove of matching, the upper surface of second time elastic extension plate formed with second time friction wall periphery The second lower limit groove that face matches;On described 3rd the lower surface of elastic extension plate formed with friction wall on the described 3rd The 3rd upper limit groove that outer peripheral face matches, the upper surface of the three times elastic extension plates under the described 3rd formed with rubbing Wipe the 3rd lower limit groove that wall outer peripheral face matches;The lower surface of elastic extension plate is formed with the described 4th on described 4th The 4th upper limit groove that upper friction wall outer peripheral face matches, the upper surfaces of the four times elastic extension plates formed with it is described The 4th lower limit groove that the four times friction wall outer peripheral faces match.
The bottom downside of first upper backup pad formed with correspondingly taken advantage of a situation for friction wall on described first slip into the Taken advantage of a situation on one inclined-plane, the top upper side of first lower supporting plate slips into formed with correspondingly being taken advantage of a situation for first time friction wall First under take advantage of a situation inclined-plane;Correspondingly taken advantage of a situation formed with friction wall in confession described second the bottom downside of second upper backup pad Taken advantage of a situation on second slipped into inclined-plane, the top upper side of second lower supporting plate is formed with for second time friction wall correspondence Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation under second slipped into;The bottom downside of 3rd upper backup pad is formed with friction wall in confession the described 3rd Taken advantage of a situation on corresponding the 3rd slipped into that take advantage of a situation inclined-plane, the top upper side of the 3rd lower supporting plate is formed with for rubbing under the described 3rd Wall is wiped correspondingly to take advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation under the 3rd slipped into;The bottom downside of 4th upper backup pad is formed with for the described 4th Upper friction wall is correspondingly taken advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation on the 4th slipped into, and the top upper side of the 4th lower supporting plate is formed with described in confession The four times friction walls are correspondingly taken advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation under the 4th slipped into.
First friction mandrel, the second friction mandrel, the 3rd friction mandrel, the 4th friction mandrel, the first friction pulley, the second friction Wheel, the 3rd friction pulley, the side face of the 4th friction pulley and the first friction groove, the second friction groove, the 3rd friction groove and the The surface of four friction grooves is covered with ceramic wearing coat.
First driving end passes through the first rotating shaft perpendicular with plane where the turbine part and the turbine portion Part is articulated, and the first rotating shaft is in the side relative with the worm screw part;Second driving end by with institute The second parallel rotating shaft of first rotating shaft is stated to be articulated with the main transmission bar.
The first main driving inclined-plane is parallel and the length of the first main driving inclined-plane is big by driving inclined-plane with described first In first by the length of driving inclined-plane, the second main driving inclined-plane is with described second by driving inclined-plane is parallel and the second main drive The length on dynamic inclined-plane is more than second by the length of driving inclined-plane.
The manual transmission part is the first negative pulley wheel being coaxially fixed on the worm screw part;It is described manual Operating mechanism also includes the first drive pulley, be connected between the first drive pulley and the first negative pulley wheel One belt, and the manually operated wheel of manual actuation is carried out to the first drive pulley;The manually operated wheel is equipped with operation Handle;
The automatic transmission part is the second negative pulley wheel being coaxially fixed on the worm screw part;It is described automatic Operating mechanism also includes the second drive pulley, be connected between the second drive pulley and the second negative pulley wheel Two belts, and the second drive pulley is carried out to rotate driving and by the motor of controller control;
First negative pulley wheel and second negative pulley wheel pass through one-way driving wheels and the worm screw portion respectively Part links together;The one-way driving wheels include the foreign steamer that is connected with second negative pulley wheel and with the worm screw part The lubrication groove of connection, the inner side of the foreign steamer is formed with multiple helical teeth towards same clockwise oblique arrangement, the week of the lubrication groove Face is provided with the Elastic Teeth of multiple uniformly annular arrays and buckles corresponding with the helical teeth, the sophisticated direction of the Elastic Teeth when The clockwise of the sophisticated direction of pin direction and the helical teeth is on the contrary, the Elastic Teeth is equipped with the opening that driving Elastic Teeth is opened Spring.
After adopting the above technical scheme, the anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving of the present invention, in actual use, acceleration inspection Survey device to be used to detect the acceleration of car, speed detector is used for the speed for detecting car, when car occurs to fall suddenly etc. adds When speed is larger or the unusual conditions such as hypervelocity occur, controller can receive acceleration detector and speed detector is sent plus Speed or velocity anomaly signal, and then control alarm to send alarm, while automatic manipulation mechanism is controlled to deceleration executing agency Deceleration-operation is carried out, deceleration executing agency makes car slow down, and passenger manually can also enter operating mechanism to deceleration executing agency Row deceleration-operation, deceleration executing agency make car slow down, prevent car from falling.Specifically, manual-operating mechanism and it is automatically brought into operation Manually transmission parts and automatic transmission part are driven to worm screw part respectively for mechanism, worm screw part driving turbine part Rotated towards respective direction, drive main transmission bar to promote the first power of clutch end towards the first drive rod of main drive rod to input Second power intake of end and the second drive rod is supported, and makes the first main driving inclined-plane and the second main driving inclined-plane respectively to first Supported by driving inclined-plane and second by driving inclined-plane, drive the spacing of guide plate in the first driving guide plate and second and lead To under effect, the first drive rod to the first drive link produce along the first drive rod direction thrust, the 3rd driving guide plate and Under the spacing and guide effect of 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate, the second drive rod is produced along the second drive rod direction to the second drive link Thrust, and then make the first drive link keep spring to produce edge to the first friction-driven bar by the first drive end and the first frictional force The elasticity of first friction-driven bar bearing of trend supports power, keeps spring to be rubbed to second by the second drive end and the second frictional force Wipe drive rod generation and support power along the elasticity of the second friction-driven bar bearing of trend, the second drive link is passed through by the 3rd driving End and the 3rd frictional force keep spring to support the generation of the 3rd friction-driven bar along the elasticity of the 3rd friction-driven bar bearing of trend Power, keep spring to produce along the 4th friction-driven bar the 4th friction-driven bar by the 4th drive end and the 4th frictional force extending The elasticity in direction supports power, and the first friction-driven bar is under the guide effect of the first guide plate and the second guide plate towards the first friction Axle moves, and friction wall and first time friction wall are respectively in the upper of the lower surface of the first upper backup pad and the first lower supporting plate on first Under the guide effect on surface, the first friction matching grooves is engaged on the first friction mandrel and rubbed, while the first friction mandrel Compression first is supported in spring to the first storage tank and drives the first inner side wall friction of the first friction pulley and elevator to car Being slowed down, the second friction-driven bar moves under the guide effect of the 3rd guide plate and the 4th guide plate towards the second friction mandrel, Friction wall and second time friction wall are respectively in the lower surface of the second upper backup pad and the upper surface of the second lower supporting plate on second Under guide effect, the second friction matching grooves is engaged on the second friction mandrel and rubbed, while the second friction mandrel compression the Two support in spring to the second storage tank and drive the first inner side wall friction of the second friction pulley and elevator to subtract car Speed, the 3rd friction-driven bar move under the guide effect of the 5th guide plate and the 6th guide plate towards the 3rd friction mandrel, on the 3rd Friction wall and the three times friction walls are made in the guiding of the lower surface of the 3rd upper backup pad and the upper surface of the 3rd lower supporting plate respectively Under, the 3rd friction matching grooves is engaged on the 3rd friction mandrel and rubbed, while the 3rd friction mandrel compression the 3rd is supported The 3rd inner side wall friction of the 3rd friction pulley and elevator is driven to slow down car in spring to the 3rd storage tank, the 4th Friction-driven bar moves under the guide effect of the 7th guide plate and the 8th guide plate towards the 4th friction mandrel, on the 4th friction wall and The four times friction walls under the guide effect of the lower surface of the 4th upper backup pad and the upper surface of the 4th lower supporting plate, make respectively Four friction matching grooves, which are engaged on the 4th friction mandrel, to be rubbed, while the 4th friction mandrel compression the 4th supports spring to the 4th Drive the 3rd inner side wall friction of the 4th friction pulley and elevator to slow down car in storage tank, so rub simultaneously everywhere Wipe to slow down and balanced stable slowing effect is realized to car.After manual-operating mechanism and automatic manipulation mechanism stop operation, the One support spring, second support spring, the 3rd support spring and the 4th support spring drive respectively the first roller bodies, second rolling Wheel body, the 3rd roller bodies and the 4th roller bodies be returned to it is initial treat operating position and with the first madial wall of elevator and Second madial wall, which departs from, stops abrasive action, while in the first bounce-back spring, the second bounce-back spring, the 3rd bounce-back spring and the 4th Rebound in the presence of spring, each part be returned to it is initial treat operating position, the first friction-driven bar, the second friction-driven bar, 3rd friction-driven bar and the 4th friction-driven bar respectively with the first friction mandrel, the second friction mandrel, the 3rd friction mandrel and the 4th Friction mandrel, which departs from, stops abrasive action.Wherein, with the first friction mandrel be engaged in friction process in the first friction groove, first Upper elastic extension plate carries out elasticity to friction wall on first and supported by the resilient support of spring on the first upper mounted plate and first Top, first time elastic extension plate are carried out by the resilient support of the first bottom plate and the first lower spring to first time friction wall Elasticity is supported, so that it is guaranteed that the first friction groove and the first friction mandrel is engaged tight ness rating and friction stability, it is ensured that to car Slowing effect;With the second friction mandrel be engaged in friction process in the second friction groove, elastic extension plate relies on second The resilient support of spring on second upper mounted plate and second and elasticity is carried out to friction wall on second and supported, second time elastic extension Plate carries out elasticity by the resilient support of the second bottom plate and the second lower spring and to second time friction wall and supported, so that it is guaranteed that Second friction groove is engaged tight ness rating and friction stability with the second friction mandrel, it is ensured that to the slowing effect of car;The 3rd Friction groove with the 3rd friction mandrel be engaged in friction process, and elastic extension plate relies on the 3rd upper mounted plate and the 3rd on the 3rd The resilient support of upper spring and elasticity is carried out to friction wall on the 3rd and supported, the three times elastic extension plate relies on the 3rd bottom plate Elasticity are carried out with the resilient support of the 3rd lower spring to the three times friction walls to support, so that it is guaranteed that the 3rd friction groove and the 3rd The occlusion tight ness rating and friction stability of friction mandrel, it is ensured that to the slowing effect of car;In the 4th friction groove and the 4th friction Axle is carried out in occlusion friction process, on the 4th elastic extension plate by the resilient support of spring on the 4th upper mounted plate and the 4th and Elasticity is carried out to friction wall on the 4th to support, the four time elastic extension plates rely on the elasticity of the 4th bottom plate and the 4th lower spring Support and elasticity are carried out to the four time friction walls and supported, so that it is guaranteed that the 4th rub groove and the 4th friction mandrel be engaged tight ness rating And friction stability, it is ensured that to the slowing effect of car;First frictional force keeps spring, the second frictional force to keep spring, the 3rd Frictional force holding spring and the 4th frictional force are kept required for the friction eceleration that spring can keep each deceleration execution monomer respectively Stable pressure, while first pressure sensor, second pressure sensor, the 3rd pressure sensor and the 4th pressure sensor can Detecting the first frictional force respectively keeps spring, the second frictional force to keep spring, the 3rd frictional force to keep spring and the 4th frictional force Keep the pressure of spring and be controlled such that each execution monomer that slows down is produced appropriate and had to automatic manipulation mechanism with controller Pressure required for the friction of effect.Each action is mechanization, is low power consuming product without crossing multiple-energy-source as power.With showing There is technology to compare, the anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving of the invention, it can be carried out on the basis of energy-conservation to the car in drop event Slow down, effectively avoid car from falling and cause human casualty accident, it is practical.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the local overlooking structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial perspective structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the First partial cross section structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the second local cross section structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the easy structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of one-way driving wheels.
In figure:
1- car 2- manual-operating mechanisms 21- the first negative pulley wheel 22- the first drive pulley the first belts of 23- 24- manually operated wheel 25- operating handles 3- automatic manipulation mechanisms 31- the second negative pulley wheel the second drive pulleys of 32- 33- the second belt 34- motor 4- acceleration detector 5- speed detector 6- alarm 7- controllers
The reducing execution devices of 8- first
81- first, which slows down, performs monomer 811- the first friction roller 8111- the first roller bodies the first friction mandrels of a1- Elastic extension plate b111- first on a2- the first friction pulley 8112- the first support frame the first upper backup pads of b1- b11- first Taken advantage of a situation on upper limit groove the first upper mounted plates of b12- b13- first on spring b14- first lower supporting plates of inclined-plane b2- first First time elastic extension plate b211- the first lower limit groove b22- the first bottom plate the first lower springs of b23- b24- of b21- Inclined-plane b3- the first pivot connecting plate the first bar holes of the b31- b311- first that taken advantage of a situation under first supports the storage tanks of spring b312- first First time friction wall of friction wall 8123- on the friction grooves of 812- the first friction-driven bars 8121- first 8122- first The bounce-back springs of 8124- the first guide plate 8125- the second guide plate the first limiting plates of 8126- 8127- first
82- second, which slows down, performs monomer 821- the second friction roller 8211- the second roller bodies the second friction mandrels of c1- Elastic extension plate d111- second on c2- the second friction pulley 8212- the second support frame the second upper backup pads of d1- d11- second Taken advantage of a situation on upper limit grooves d the second upper mounted plates of 12- d13- second on spring d14- second lower supporting plates of inclined-plane d2- second Second time elastic extension plate d211- the second lower limit grooves d 22- the second bottom plate the second lower springs of d23- d24- of d21- Inclined-plane d3- the second pivot connecting plate the second bar holes of the d31- d311- second that taken advantage of a situation under second supports the storage tanks of spring d312- second Second time friction wall of friction wall 8223- on the friction grooves of 822- the second friction-driven bars 8221- second 8222- second The second limiting plates of the guide plate 8226- 8227- second of the 3rd guide plate 8225- of 8224- the 4th bounce-back springs
83- the first deceleration monomer the first drive rods of 831- 8311- first drives guide plate the first power of 8312- Input 8313- first is by driving inclined-plane 832- the first drive link 8321- the first drive end the second drive ends of 8322- The frictional force of 8323- first keeps spring 8324- the second frictional force to keep spring 8325- first pressure sensors 8326- the Two the first guide rods of pressure sensor 833- 8331- second drive guide plate
The reducing execution devices of 9- second
91- the 3rd, which slows down, performs the friction mandrels of the 3rd the 3rd roller bodies e1- of friction roller 9111- of monomer 911- the 3rd Elastic extension plate f111- the 3rd on the upper backup pad f11- the 3rd of the 3rd the 3rd support frame f1- of friction pulley 9112- of e2- the 3rd Taken advantage of a situation on the upper mounted plate f13- the 3rd of upper limit groove f12- the 3rd on spring f14- the 3rd lower supporting plates of inclined-plane f2- the 3rd The three times lower spring f24- of the 3rd the 3rd bottom plate f23- of lower limit groove f22- of elastic extension plate f211- the 3rd of f21- The pivot connecting plate f31- Article 3 shapes hole f311- the 3rd of inclined-plane f3- the 3rd that taken advantage of a situation under 3rd support the storage tanks of spring f312- the 3rd The three times friction walls of friction wall 9123- on the friction-driven bar 9121- the 3rd of 912- the 3rd friction grooves 9122- the 3rd The limiting plate 9127- the 3rd of the 5th the 6th guide plate 9126- of guide plate 9125- of 9124- the 3rd bounce-back springs
92- the 4th, which slows down, performs the friction mandrels of the 4th the 4th roller bodies g1- of friction roller 9211- of monomer 921- the 4th Elastic extension plate h111- the 4th on the upper backup pad h11- the 4th of the 4th the 4th support frame h1- of friction pulley 9212- of g2- the 4th Taken advantage of a situation on the upper mounted plate h13- the 4th of upper limit groove h12- the 4th on spring h14- the 4th lower supporting plates of inclined-plane h2- the 4th The four times lower spring h24- of the 4th the 4th bottom plate h23- of lower limit groove h22- of elastic extension plate h211- the 4th of h21- The pivot connecting plate h31- Article 4 shapes hole h311- the 4th of inclined-plane h3- the 4th that taken advantage of a situation under 4th support the storage tanks of spring h312- the 4th The four times friction walls of friction wall 9223- on the friction-driven bar 9221- the 4th of 922- the 4th friction grooves 9222- the 4th The limiting plate 9227- the 4th of the 7th the 8th guide plate 9226- of guide plate 9225- of 9224- the 4th bounce-back springs
93- the second deceleration monomer the second drive rods of 931- 9311- the 3rd drives guide plate the second power of 9312- Input 9313- second is by the drive ends of the 3rd drive end 9322- of driving inclined-plane 932- the second drive link 9321- the 4th The frictional force of 9323- the 3rd keeps the frictional force of spring 9324- the 4th to keep the pressure sensor 9326- the 4th of spring 9325- the 3rd Pressure sensor 933- the second guide rod 9331- 4 wheel driven action-oriented plates
Main the first main driving inclined-planes of drive rod 1011- clutch ends 1012- of 10- speed reducing driving devices 101- The main guide plate 102- main drives 1021- of the main guide plate 1015- second of the main driving inclined-plane 1014- first of 1013- second Turbine part 1022- worm screw part 1023- main transmission bars
20- one-way driving wheels 201- foreign steamer 2011- helical teeth 202- lubrication groove 2021- Elastic Teeths 2022- opens spring.
Embodiment
In order to which technical scheme is explained further, it is described in detail below by specific embodiment.
A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving of the present invention, as shown in figures 1 to 6, including car 1, defining elevator has successively Adjacent the first madial wall, the second madial wall, the 3rd madial wall and the 4th madial wall, car 1 have bottom wall and and elevator The first madial wall, the second madial wall, the 3rd madial wall and the 4th madial wall corresponding the first lateral wall, second one by one respectively Lateral wall, the 3rd lateral wall and the 4th lateral wall.
Present invention additionally comprises the deceleration device to be slowed down to car 1;Deceleration device includes deceleration executing agency, to slowing down The manual-operating mechanism 2 that executing agency is operated manually, the automatic manipulation mechanism being automatically brought into operation to deceleration executing agency 3, detection car 1 declines the acceleration detector 4 of acceleration, detects the speed detector 5 of the speed of car 1, the acceleration to car 1 Degree and speed send the alarm 6 of alarm, and receive acceleration detector 4 and the signal of speed detector 5 and to being automatically brought into operation The controller 7 that mechanism 3 and alarm 6 are controlled;Deceleration executing agency includes the first reducing execution device on car 1 8, the second reducing execution device 9, and to deceleration that the first reducing execution device 8 and the second reducing execution device 9 are driven Drive device 10;First reducing execution device 8 carry out friction eceleration corresponding with the first madial wall of elevator, second, which slows down, holds Luggage puts 9 carry out friction ecelerations corresponding with the 3rd madial wall of elevator;First reducing execution device 8 is included outside first Lower sidewall simultaneously performs monomer respectively close to the first deceleration execution monomer 81 of two vertical side of the first lateral wall, the second deceleration 82, and slow down to first and perform the first deceleration monomer that the deceleration execution monomer 82 of monomer 81 and second is directly driven 83;First, which slows down, which performs monomer 81, includes the first friction roller 811 that is rubbed of being in contact with the first madial wall of elevator, With the first friction-driven bar 812 to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the first lateral wall direction with the first friction roller 811;First Friction roller 811 includes the first roller bodies 8111 and is connected what the first roller bodies 8111 were supported with the first lateral wall First support frame 8112, the first roller bodies 8111 include the horizontally disposed and first friction mandrel a1 parallel with the first lateral wall and Two are respectively fixedly connected with the first friction pulley a2 in the first friction mandrel a1 both ends, and the first support frame 8112 includes supporting on first Plate b1, the first lower supporting plate b2 and two be articulated in the first friction mandrel a1 both ends and on the inside of the two first friction pulley a2 the One pivot connecting plate b3;First upper backup pad b1 it is parallel with the first friction mandrel a1 and from top to bottom gradually towards the first friction mandrel a1 tilt with Two first pivot connecting plate b3 are fixed together, and the first lower supporting plate b2 is parallel with the first friction mandrel a1 and gradual court from the bottom to top First friction mandrel a1 is tilted and is fixed together with two first pivot connecting plate b3;First pivot connecting plate b3 is formed with accommodating first friction Axle a1 the first bar hole b31, the first bar hole b31 is horizontally disposed and perpendicular to the first lateral wall;First bar hole b31 has It is provided with and opens in end and the first remote end of remote first lateral wall, the first bar hole b31 close to the first of the first lateral wall Spring b311 is supported away from first between end and the first friction mandrel a1 located at first, after first away from holding formed with accommodating compression The first the first storage tank b312 for supporting spring b311, first supports spring b311 is connected with the first storage tank b312 bottom Together;First friction groove of the end of first friction-driven bar 812 formed with matching corresponding with the first friction mandrel a1 8121, the first friction groove 8121 has friction wall 8122 and first time friction wall being below on be in top first 8123;The first madial wall that first upper backup pad b1 lower end is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, to be resisted against on first Elastic extension plate b11 on the first of the top of friction wall 8122, on first above elastic extension plate b11 and horizontally disposed the Spring on one upper mounted plate b12, and first be located on first between elastic extension plate b11 and the first upper mounted plate b12 b13;Elastic extension plate b11 is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end on first;First lower supporting plate b2 upper end is provided with Extend and correspond to the first time elasticity that elasticity is resisted against below first time friction wall 8123 towards the first madial wall of elevator to prolong Plate b21 is stretched, in first time elastic extension plate b21 lower section and horizontally disposed first bottom plate b22, and is located at first The first lower spring b23 between lower elastic extension plate b21 and the first bottom plate b22;First time elastic extension plate b21 is by root Gradually be inclined upwardly setting to end;First friction-driven bar 812 be equipped be connected with bottom wall and with the first friction-driven bar 812 vertical the first guide plates 8124 and the second guide plate 8125, the first guide plate 8124 compared with the second guide plate 8125 closer to First friction groove 8121, the first guide plate 8124 and the second guide plate 8125 are each formed with supplying 812, the first friction-driven bar With the through hole slid through, the side face of the first friction-driven bar 812 is formed with the first guide plate 8124 and the second guide plate The first limiting plate 8126 between 8125, it is provided between the first limiting plate 8126 and the first guide plate 8124 and is placed on the first friction The first bounce-back spring 8127 on drive rod 812;Second, which slows down, which performs monomer 82, includes connecting with the first madial wall of elevator The second friction roller 821 to be rubbed is touched, and is carried out along extending perpendicular to the first lateral wall direction with the second friction roller 821 Second friction-driven bar 822 of friction;Second friction roller 821 includes the second roller bodies 8211 and is connected with the first lateral wall The second support frame 8212 being supported to the second roller bodies 8211, the second roller bodies 8211 include horizontally disposed and with the The second parallel friction mandrel c1 of one lateral wall and two are respectively fixedly connected with the second friction pulley c2 at the second friction mandrel c1 both ends, Second support frame 8212 includes the second upper backup pad d1, the second lower supporting plate d2 and two are articulated in the second friction mandrel c1 both ends And the second pivot connecting plate d3 on the inside of two second friction pulley c2;Second upper backup pad d1 is parallel with the second friction mandrel c1 and by upper It is fixed together to lower gradually tilted towards the second friction mandrel c1 with two second pivot connecting plate d3, the second lower supporting plate d2 and second Friction mandrel c1 is parallel and is gradually fixed together from the bottom to top towards the second friction mandrel c1 inclinations with two second pivot connecting plate d3;The Second bar hole d31s, second bar hole d31 of the two pivot connecting plate d3 formed with accommodating second friction mandrel c1 it is horizontally disposed and perpendicular to First lateral wall;Second bar hole d31 has second close to the second close end of the first lateral wall and away from the first lateral wall Second be located between the second remote end and the second friction mandrel c1 is provided with away from end, in the second bar hole d31 and supports spring D311, second supports spring d311 the second storage tank d312 away from end formed with second after accommodating compression, and second supports bullet Spring d311 and the second storage tank d312 bottom link together;The end of second friction-driven bar 822 with second formed with rubbing The second friction groove 8221 of the corresponding matchings of axle c1 is wiped, the second friction groove 8221 has friction wall on be in top second 8222 and second time friction wall 8223 for being below;Second upper backup pad d1 lower end is provided with the first inner side of elevator Wall, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, is resisted against elastic extension plate d11 on second of the top of friction wall 8222 on second, the bullet on second Property extension board d11 above and horizontally disposed second upper mounted plate d12, and be located on second elastic extension plate d11 and the Between two upper mounted plate d12 second on spring d13;Elastic extension plate d11 is tilted gradually downward by root to end on second Set;The first madial wall that second lower supporting plate d2 upper end is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, to be resisted against under second Second time elastic extension plate d21 of the lower section of friction wall 8223, in second time elastic extension plate d21 lower section and horizontally disposed the Two bottom plate d22, and the second lower spring being located between second time elastic extension plate d21 and the second bottom plate d22 d23;Second time elastic extension plate d21 is gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;Second friction-driven bar 822 be equipped with Bottom wall connects and vertical with the second friction-driven bar 822 the 3rd guide plate 8224 and the 4th guide plate 8225, and the 3rd is oriented to For plate 8224 compared with the 4th guide plate 8225 closer to the second friction groove 8221, the 3rd guide plate 8224 and the 4th guide plate 8225 are equal Formed with for the through hole that slides through of the second friction-driven bar 822 matching, the side face of the second friction-driven bar 822 formed with The second limiting plate 8226 between 3rd guide plate 8224 and the 4th guide plate 8225, the second limiting plate 8226 and the 3rd guide plate The the second bounce-back spring 8227 for being provided with and being placed on the second friction-driven bar 822 is opened between 8224;First deceleration monomer 83 wraps First drive rod 831 parallel with the first friction-driven bar 812 and the second friction-driven bar 822 is included, with the first friction-driven The first perpendicular drive link 832 of the friction-driven bar 822 of bar 812 and second, and prolong in the same direction with the first drive rod 831 The first guide rod 833 stretched;First drive rod 831 and the first guide rod 833 are connected to the middle part of the first drive link 832;First drives Lever 831 be equipped be connected with bottom wall and vertical with the first drive rod 831 first driving guide plate 8311, first driving lead To plate 8311 formed with the through hole slid through for the matching of the first drive rod 831, the first guide rod 833 is equipped to be connected with bottom wall And the second vertical with the first guide rod 833 driving guide plate 8331, the second driving guide plate 8331 are led formed with confession first The through hole slid through is matched to bar 833;First drive link 832 has be driven corresponding with the first friction-driven bar 812 The first drive end 8321, and with 822 corresponding the second drive end 8322 being driven of the second friction-driven bar;First driving End 8321 and first is provided with the first frictional force between friction-driven bar 812 and keeps spring 8323, the second drive end 8322 and the Opened between two friction-driven bars 822 and be provided with the second frictional force holding spring 8324;First drive end 8321 is tried hard to keep with the first friction Pad is provided with first pressure sensor 8325 between holding spring 8323, and the second drive end 8322 and the second frictional force keep spring 8324 Between pad be provided with second pressure sensor 8326;Second reducing execution device 9 includes located at the 3rd lateral wall bottom and leaned on respectively The 3rd of nearly 3rd lateral wall, two vertical side, which is slowed down, performs monomer 91, and the 4th, which slows down, performs monomer 92, and slows down to the 3rd Perform the deceleration of monomer 91 and the 4th and perform the second deceleration monomer 93 that monomer 92 is directly driven;3rd, which slows down, performs list Body 91 includes the 3rd friction roller 911 that is rubbed of being in contact with the 3rd madial wall of elevator, and along outside the 3rd Sidewall direction extends the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 to be rubbed with the 3rd friction roller 911;3rd friction roller 911 includes 3rd roller bodies 9111 and the 3rd support frame 9112 being supported to the 3rd roller bodies 9111 is connected with the 3rd lateral wall, 3rd roller bodies 9111 include the horizontally disposed and threeth friction mandrel e1 parallel with the 3rd lateral wall and two fixed respectively connect Be connected to the 3rd friction pulley e2 at the 3rd friction mandrel e1 both ends, the 3rd support frame 9112 include the 3rd upper backup pad f1, the 3rd lower Fagging f2 and two are articulated in the 3rd friction mandrel e1 both ends and the 3rd pivot connecting plate f3 on the inside of two the 3rd friction pulley e2;The Three upper backup pad f1 are parallel with the 3rd friction mandrel e1 and from top to bottom gradually tilted and two the 3rd pivot connecting plates towards the 3rd friction mandrel e1 F3 is fixed together, and the 3rd lower supporting plate f2 is parallel with the 3rd friction mandrel e1 and from the bottom to top gradually towards the 3rd friction mandrel e1 Inclination is fixed together with two the 3rd pivot connecting plate f3;Article 3 of the 3rd pivot connecting plate f3 formed with accommodating 3rd friction mandrel e1 Shape hole f31, Article 3 shape hole f31 are horizontally disposed and perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall;Article 3 shape hole f31 has close to the 3rd outside The 3rd of wall close to end and away from the 3rd lateral wall the 3rd away from end, be provided with that to be located at the 3rd remote in Article 3 shape hole f31 The 3rd between end and the 3rd friction mandrel e1 supports spring f311, and the 3rd supports bullet away from end formed with the 3rd after accommodating compression Spring f311 the 3rd storage tank f312, the 3rd bottom for supporting spring f311 and the 3rd storage tank f312 link together;3rd Threeth friction groove 9121 of the end of friction-driven bar 912 formed with matching corresponding with the 3rd friction mandrel e1, the 3rd friction Groove 9121 has friction wall 9122 and the three times friction walls 9123 being below on the be in top the 3rd;Supported on 3rd The 3rd madial wall that plate f1 lower end is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, is resisted against the top of friction wall 9122 on the 3rd The 3rd on elastic extension plate f11, on the 3rd above elastic extension plate f11 and horizontally disposed 3rd upper mounted plate f12, And spring f13 on the 3rd between elastic extension plate f11 and the 3rd upper mounted plate f12 is located on the 3rd;It is elastic on 3rd Extension board f11 is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;3rd lower supporting plate f2 upper end is provided with the of elevator Three madial walls extend and corresponded to the three times elastic extension plate f21 that elasticity is resisted against the lower section of the three times friction walls 9123, in the Three times elastic extension plate f21 lower sections and horizontally disposed 3rd bottom plate f22, and it is located at the three times elastic extension plates The 3rd lower spring f23 between f21 and the 3rd bottom plate f22;The three times elastic extension plate f21 from root to end gradually to On be obliquely installed;3rd friction-driven bar 912 is equipped to be connected and the vertical with the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 the 5th with bottom wall The guide plate 9125 of guide plate 9124 and the 6th, the 5th guide plate 9124 compared with the 6th guide plate 9125 closer to the 3rd friction groove 9121, the 5th guide plate 9124 and the 6th guide plate 9125 are each formed with what is slid through for the matching of the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 Through hole, the side face of the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 is formed between the 5th guide plate 9124 and the 6th guide plate 9125 Three limiting plates 9126, it is provided between the 3rd limiting plate 9126 and the 5th guide plate 9124 and is placed on the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 The 3rd bounce-back spring 9127;4th, which slows down, which performs monomer 92, includes being in contact what is rubbed with the 3rd madial wall of elevator 4th friction roller 921, and rubbed along the rubbed perpendicular to the extension of the 3rd lateral wall direction with the 4th friction roller 921 the 4th Wipe drive rod 922;4th friction roller 921 includes the 4th roller bodies 9211 and is connected with the 3rd lateral wall to the 4th roller master The 4th support frame 9212 that body 9211 is supported, the 4th roller bodies 9211 include horizontally disposed and parallel with the 3rd lateral wall The 4th friction mandrel g1 and two be respectively fixedly connected with the 4th friction pulley g2 at the 4th friction mandrel g1 both ends, the 4th support frame 9212, which include the 4th upper backup pad h1, the 4th lower supporting plate h2 and two, is articulated in the 4th friction mandrel g1 both ends and in two the The 4th pivot connecting plate h3 on the inside of four friction pulley g2;4th upper backup pad h1 is parallel with the 4th friction mandrel g1 and from top to bottom gradual court 4th friction mandrel g1 is tilted and is fixed together with two the 4th pivot connecting plate h3, and the 4th lower supporting plate h2 and the 4th friction mandrel g1 is put down Row is simultaneously gradually fixed together towards the 4th friction mandrel g1 inclinations with two the 4th pivot connecting plate h3 from the bottom to top;4th pivot connecting plate h3 Article 4 shape hole h31 formed with accommodating 4th friction mandrel g1, Article 4 shape hole h31 are horizontally disposed and perpendicular to the 3rd outside Wall;Article 4 shape hole h31 have close to the 3rd lateral wall the 4th close to end and away from the 3rd lateral wall the 4th away from end, the It is provided with four bar hole h31 and is located at the 4th away from holding the between the 4th friction mandrel g1 the 4th to support spring h311, the 4th is remote Spring h311 the 4th storage tank h312 is supported formed with the 4th after accommodating compression from end, the 4th supports spring h311 and the 4th Storage tank h312 bottom links together;The end of 4th friction-driven bar 922 is formed with corresponding with the 4th friction mandrel g1 4th friction groove 9221 of matching, the 4th friction groove 9221 have friction wall 9222 on the be in top the 4th and are in down The four times friction walls 9223 of side;4th upper backup pad h1 lower end be provided with elevator the 3rd madial wall extension and correspondingly Elasticity is resisted against elastic extension plate h11 on the 4th of the top of friction wall on the 4th 9222, on the 4th on elastic extension plate h11 Square and horizontally disposed 4th upper mounted plate h12, and it is located at elastic extension plate h11 and the 4th upper mounted plate h12 on the 4th Between the 4th on spring h13;Elastic extension plate h11 is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end on 4th;4th lower The 3rd madial wall that fagging h2 upper end is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, to be resisted against under the four times friction walls 9223 The four times elastic extension plate h21 of side, in the four times elastic extension plate h21 lower sections and horizontally disposed 4th bottom plate H22, and the 4th lower spring h23 being located between the four times elastic extension plate h21 and the 4th bottom plate h22;Under 4th Elastic extension plate h21 is gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;4th friction-driven bar 922 is equipped to be connected simultaneously with bottom wall The 7th guide plate 9224 and the 8th guide plate 9225 vertical with the 4th friction-driven bar 922, the 7th guide plate 9224 is compared with Closer to the 4th friction groove 9221, the 7th guide plate 9224 and the 8th guide plate 9225 are each formed with for the eight guide plates 9225 The through hole that the matching of four friction-driven bars 922 slides through, the side face of the 4th friction-driven bar 922 is formed with the 7th guide plate 9224 and the 8th the 4th limiting plate 9226 between guide plate 9225, between the 4th limiting plate 9226 and the 7th guide plate 9224 Provided with the 4th bounce-back spring 9227 being placed on the 4th friction-driven bar 922;Second deceleration monomer 93 includes rubbing with the 3rd The second parallel drive rod 931 of the friction-driven bar 922 of drive rod 912 and the 4th is wiped, with the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 and the 4th The second perpendicular drive link 932 of friction-driven bar 922, and second extended in the same direction with the second drive rod 931 are led To bar 933;Second drive rod 931 and the second guide rod 933 are connected to the middle part of the second drive link 932;Second drive rod 931 arranges Have be connected with bottom wall and the vertical with the second drive rod 931 the 3rd driving guide plate 9311, the 3rd driving the shape of guide plate 9311 Into having for the through hole that slides through of the second drive rod 931 matching, the second guide rod 933, which is equipped, to be connected with bottom wall and with second The vertical 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate 9331 of guide rod 933,4 wheel driven action-oriented plate 9331 match formed with the second guide rod 933 of confession The through hole slid through;Second drive link 932 has and 912 corresponding the 3rd drive end being driven of the 3rd friction-driven bar 9321, and with 922 corresponding the 4th drive end 9322 being driven of the 4th friction-driven bar;3rd drive end 9321 and the 3rd Opened between friction-driven bar 912 and be provided with the 3rd frictional force holding spring 9323, the 4th drive end 9322 and the 4th friction-driven bar Opened between 922 and be provided with the 4th frictional force holding spring 9324;3rd drive end 9321 and the 3rd frictional force keep spring 9323 it Between pad be provided with the 3rd pressure sensor 9325, the 4th drive end 9322 and the 4th frictional force keep between spring 9324 pad provided with the Four pressure sensors 9326;First drive rod 831 has first power intake 8312 corresponding with the second drive rod 931, Second drive rod 931 has second power intake 9312 corresponding with the first power intake 8312;Speed reducing driving device 10 include the main drive rod 101 corresponding with the first power intake 8312 and the second power intake 9312, and to main driving The main drive 102 that bar 101 is driven;Main drive 102 includes turbine part 1021 and turbine part 1021 is entered The worm screw part 1022 of row driving, turbine part 1021 are carried out along main drive rod by main transmission bar 1023 to main drive rod 101 The push-and-pull transmission of 101 bearing of trends;Main transmission bar 1023 have the first driving end for being articulated with turbine part 1021 and The second driving end being articulated with main transmission bar 1023;Main drive rod 101 has and the first power intake 8312 and the The corresponding clutch end 1011 of two power intakes 9312, the first power intake 8312 formed with clutch end 1011 corresponding first by driving inclined-plane 8313, and the second power intake 9312 is formed with corresponding with clutch end 1011 Second by driving inclined-plane 9313, clutch end 1011 formed with first by corresponding the first main drive of driving inclined-plane 8313 Dynamic inclined-plane 1012 and with second by corresponding the second main driving inclined-plane 1013 of driving inclined-plane 9313;Main drive rod 101 is equipped It is connected with bottom wall and the vertical with main drive rod 101 first main 1014 and second main guide plate 1015 of guide plate;It is manually operated Mechanism 2 includes the manual transmission part directly driven to worm screw part 1022;Automatic manipulation mechanism 3 is included to worm screw part The 1022 automatic transmission parts directly driven.In actual use, acceleration detector 4 is used to detect sedan-chair the present invention The acceleration in railway carriage or compartment 1, speed detector 5 are used to detect the speed of car 1, when car 1 occur to fall suddenly uniform acceleration it is larger or During the unusual conditions such as generation hypervelocity, controller 7 can receive the acceleration that acceleration detector 4 and speed detector 5 send or Velocity anomaly signal, and then control alarm 6 to send alarm, while control automatic manipulation mechanism 3 to carry out deceleration executing agency Deceleration-operation, deceleration executing agency make car 1 slow down, and passenger manually operating mechanism 2 can also be carried out to deceleration executing agency Deceleration-operation, deceleration executing agency make car 1 slow down, and prevent car 1 from falling.Specifically, manual-operating mechanism 2 and it is automatically brought into operation Manually transmission parts and automatic transmission part are driven to worm screw part 1022 respectively for mechanism 3, and worm screw part 1022 drives Dynamic turbine part 1021 rotates towards respective direction, drives main transmission bar 1023 to promote the clutch end 1011 of main drive rod 101 Second power intake 9312 of the first power intake 8312 and the second drive rod 931 towards the first drive rod 831 is supported, and is made First main 1012 and second main driving inclined-plane 1013 of driving inclined-plane is oblique by driving by driving inclined-plane 8313 and second to first respectively Face 9313 is supported, in the case where the first driving guide plate 8311 and second drives the spacing and guide effect of guide plate 8331, the One drive rod 831 produces the thrust along the direction of the first drive rod 831 to the first drive link 832, and guide plate 9311 is driven the 3rd Under spacing and guide effect with 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate 9331, the second drive rod 931 is produced along second to the second drive link 932 The thrust in the direction of drive rod 931, and then the first drive link 832 is kept spring by the first drive end 8321 and the first frictional force 8323 pair of first friction-driven bar 812 produces along the elasticity of the bearing of trend of the first friction-driven bar 812 and supports power, driven by second The frictional force holding spring 8324 of moved end 8322 and second is produced along the second friction-driven bar 822 to the second friction-driven bar 822 to be prolonged The elasticity for stretching direction supports power, makes the second drive link 932 by keeping spring by the 3rd drive end 9321 and the 3rd frictional force 9323 pair of the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 produces along the elasticity of the bearing of trend of the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 and supports power, by 4 wheel driven The frictional force holding spring 9324 of moved end 9322 and the 4th is produced along the 4th friction-driven bar 922 to the 4th friction-driven bar 922 to be prolonged The elasticity for stretching direction supports power, and the first friction-driven bar 812 is made in the guiding of the first guide plate 8124 and the second guide plate 8125 Moved with lower towards the first friction mandrel a1, friction wall 8122 and first time friction wall 8123 are respectively in the first upper backup pad b1 on first Lower surface and the first lower supporting plate b2 upper surface guide effect under, make the first friction groove 8121 matching be engaged in first Rubbed on friction mandrel a1, while the first friction mandrel a1 compressions first are supported in spring b311 to the first storage tank b312 and band Dynamic first friction pulley a2 and elevator the first inner side wall friction slow down to car 1, and the second friction-driven bar 822 is the 3rd Moved under the guide effect of the guide plate 8225 of guide plate 8224 and the 4th towards the second friction mandrel c1, friction wall 8222 and the on second Two times friction walls 8223 are respectively in the guide effect of the second upper backup pad d1 lower surface and the second lower supporting plate d2 upper surface Under, the matching of the second friction groove 8221 is engaged on the second friction mandrel c1 and is rubbed, while the second friction mandrel c1 compressions the Two support in spring d311 to the second storage tank d312 and drive the first inner side wall friction pair of the second friction pulley c2 and elevator Car 1 is slowed down, the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 court under the guide effect of the 5th guide plate 9124 and the 6th guide plate 9125 3rd friction mandrel e1 is moved, and friction wall 9122 and the three times friction walls 9123 are respectively in the 3rd upper backup pad f1 following table on the 3rd Under the guide effect of face and the 3rd lower supporting plate f2 upper surface, the 3rd friction matching of groove 9121 is set to be engaged in the 3rd friction mandrel Rubbed on e1, while the 3rd friction mandrel e1 compressions the 3rd are supported in spring f311 to the 3rd storage tank f312 and drive the 3rd 3rd inner side wall friction of friction pulley e2 and elevator slows down to car 1, and the 4th friction-driven bar 922 is in the 7th guide plate 9224 and the 8th guide plate 9225 guide effect under moved towards the 4th friction mandrel g1, rubbed under friction wall 9222 and the 4th on the 4th Wall 9223 is wiped respectively under the guide effect of the 4th upper backup pad h1 lower surface and the 4th lower supporting plate h2 upper surface, makes the The four friction matchings of groove 9221, which are engaged on the 4th friction mandrel g1, to be rubbed, while bullet is supported in the 4th friction mandrel g1 compressions the 4th The 3rd inner side wall friction of the 4th friction pulley g2 and elevator is driven to carry out car 1 in spring h311 to the 4th storage tank h312 Slow down, so friction eceleration realizes balanced stable slowing effect to car 1 simultaneously everywhere.When manual-operating mechanism 2 and automatically After operating mechanism 3 stops operation, first supports spring b311, second supports spring d311, the 3rd supports spring f311 and the 4th Support spring h311 and drive the first roller bodies 8111, the second roller bodies 8211, the 3rd roller bodies 9111 and the 4th respectively Roller bodies 9211, which are returned to, initially to be treated operating position and departs from stopping with the first madial wall of elevator and the second madial wall and rub Wiping acts, while in the first bounce-back bounce-back bounce-back bounce-back spring of spring 9127 and the 4th of spring the 8227, the 3rd of spring 8127, second In the presence of 9227, each part, which is returned to, initially treats operating position, the first friction-driven bar 812, the second friction-driven bar 822nd, the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 and the 4th friction-driven bar 922 respectively with the first friction mandrel a1, the second friction mandrel c1, Three friction mandrel e1 and the 4th friction mandrel g1, which depart from, stops abrasive action.Wherein, in the first friction friction mandrel of groove 8121 and first A1 is carried out in occlusion friction process, and elastic extension plate b11 is by spring b13 on the first upper mounted plate b12 and first on first Resilient support and elasticity is carried out to friction wall 8122 on first and supported, first time elastic extension plate b21 relies on the first bottom plate B22 and the first lower spring b23 resilient support and elasticity is carried out to first time friction wall 8123 and supported, so that it is guaranteed that first friction Groove 8121 is engaged tight ness rating and friction stability with the first friction mandrel a1's, it is ensured that to the slowing effect of car 1;Rubbed second Wipe groove 8221 with the second friction mandrel c1 be engaged in friction process, elastic extension plate d11 relies on fixed on second on second Spring d13 resilient support on plate d12 and second and elasticity is carried out to friction wall 8222 on second and supported, second time elastic extension Plate d21 carries out elasticity by the second bottom plate d22 and the second lower spring d23 resilient support to second time friction wall 8223 Support, so that it is guaranteed that the second friction groove 8221 and the second friction mandrel c1's is engaged tight ness rating and friction stability, it is ensured that to sedan-chair The slowing effect in railway carriage or compartment 1;With the 3rd friction mandrel e1 be engaged in friction process in the 3rd friction groove 9121, elasticity is prolonged on the 3rd Stretch plate f11 by the resilient support of spring f13 on the 3rd upper mounted plate f12 and the 3rd and bullet is carried out to friction wall 9122 on the 3rd Property support, the three times elastic extension plate f21 are by the 3rd bottom plate f22 and the 3rd lower spring f23 resilient support and to the Three times friction walls 9123 carry out elasticity and supported, so that it is guaranteed that the 3rd friction groove 9121 and the 3rd friction mandrel e1's is engaged tight ness rating And friction stability, it is ensured that to the slowing effect of car 1;Be engaged rubbing with the 4th friction mandrel g1 in the 4th friction groove 9221 During wiping, elastic extension plate h11 is right by the resilient support of spring h13 on the 4th upper mounted plate h12 and the 4th on the 4th Friction wall 9222 carries out elasticity and supported on 4th, and the four times elastic extension plate h21 relies on the 4th bottom plate h22 and the four times bullets Spring h23 resilient support and elasticity is carried out to the four times friction walls 9223 and supported, so that it is guaranteed that the 4th friction groove 9221 and the Four friction mandrel g1 occlusion tight ness rating and friction stability, it is ensured that to the slowing effect of car 1;First frictional force keeps spring 8323rd, the second frictional force keeps spring 8324, the 3rd frictional force to keep the frictional force of spring 9323 and the 4th to keep spring 9324 can The pressure of the stabilization required for each friction eceleration for performing monomer that slows down, while first pressure sensor 8325, the are kept respectively Two pressure sensors 8326, the 3rd pressure sensor 9325 and the 4th pressure sensor 9326 can detect the first friction respectively and try hard to keep Hold spring 8323, the second frictional force keeps spring 8324, the 3rd frictional force keeps the frictional force of spring 9323 and the 4th to keep spring 9324 pressure is simultaneously controlled such that each execution monomer generation of slowing down is appropriate and effective with controller 7 to automatic manipulation mechanism 3 Friction required for pressure.
In order to realize the specific fit structure of each bar hole and each friction mandrel, it is ensured that each friction mandrel operates steadily, it is preferable that First friction mandrel a1 is articulated by clutch shaft bearing and the first bar hole b31, and the first bar hole b31 both ends are and first The circular arc that bearing outer peripheral face matches;Second friction mandrel c1 is articulated by second bearing and the second bar hole d31, the Two bar hole d31 both ends are the circular arc to match with second bearing outer peripheral face;3rd friction mandrel e1 by 3rd bearing with Article 3 shape hole f31 is articulated, and Article 3 shape hole f31 both ends are the circular arc to match with 3rd bearing outer peripheral face; 4th friction mandrel g1 is articulated by fourth bearing and Article 4 shape hole h31, and Article 4 shape hole h31 both ends are and the 4th The circular arc that bearing outer peripheral face matches.
Preferably, on first elastic extension plate b11 lower surface formed with the outer peripheral face phase of friction wall on first 8122 The first upper limit the groove b111, first time elastic extension plate b21 matched somebody with somebody upper surface formed with outside first time friction wall 8123 The first lower limit groove b211 that side face matches;Elastic extension plate d11 lower surface on second formed with rubbing on second The second upper limit grooves d 111 that the outer peripheral face of wall 8222 matches, second time elastic extension plate d21 upper surface is formed with The second lower limit grooves d 211 that two times outer peripheral faces of friction wall 8223 match;Elastic extension plate f11 lower surface shape on 3rd The 3rd upper limit groove f111's that the outer peripheral face of friction wall 9122 matches on Cheng Youyu the 3rd, the three times elastic extension plate f21 Upper surface is formed with the 3rd lower limit groove f211 to match with the three times outer peripheral faces of friction wall 9123;Elastic extension on 4th Plate h11 lower surface is formed with the 4th upper limit groove h111 to match with the outer peripheral face of friction wall 9222 on the 4th, under the 4th Elastic extension plate h21 upper surface is formed with the 4th lower limit groove to match with the four times outer peripheral faces of friction wall 9223 h211.In actual use, the first upper limit groove b111 and the first lower limit groove b211 are engaged to the present invention One friction-driven bar 812 be oriented to and spacing, it is ensured that the first friction groove 8121 and first friction mandrel a1 coordinate it is accurate, rub It is stable;Second upper limit grooves d 111 and the second lower limit grooves d 211 are engaged to be oriented to the second friction-driven bar 822 With it is spacing, it is ensured that the second friction groove 8221 and second friction mandrel c1 coordinates accurate, friction stabilization;3rd upper limit groove f111 With the 3rd lower limit groove f211 be engaged to the 3rd friction-driven bar 912 carry out be oriented to and it is spacing, it is ensured that the 3rd friction groove 9121 and the 3rd friction mandrel e1 coordinate that accurate, friction is stable;4th upper limit groove h111 and the 4th lower limit groove h211 phases Coordinate and the 4th friction-driven bar 922 be oriented to and spacing, it is ensured that the 4th friction groove 9221 and the 4th friction mandrel g1 cooperation Accurately, friction is stable.
For the ease of each friction-driven bar and each friction mandrel precise and high efficiency is corresponding one by one will be together with, it is preferable that first Upper backup pad b1 bottom downside is formed with inclined-plane of being taken advantage of a situation on corresponding first slipped into of taking advantage of a situation of friction wall 8122 in confession first B14, the first lower supporting plate b2 top upper side are formed with suitable under corresponding to take advantage of a situation and slip into first for first time friction wall 8123 Gesture inclined-plane b24;Second upper backup pad d1 bottom downside formed with for friction wall 8222 on second it is corresponding take advantage of a situation slip into the Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane d14 on two, and the second lower supporting plate d2 top upper side is formed with for the corresponding cunning of taking advantage of a situation of second time friction wall 8223 Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane d24 under second entered;3rd upper backup pad f1 bottom downside is formed with the correspondence of friction wall 9122 in confession the 3rd Take advantage of a situation the inclined-plane f14 that takes advantage of a situation on the 3rd slipped into, and the 3rd lower supporting plate f2 top upper side is formed with supplying the three times friction walls Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane f24 under 9123 corresponding three slipped into that take advantage of a situation;4th upper backup pad h1 bottom downside is formed with confession the 4th Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane h14 on corresponding the 4th slipped into that take advantage of a situation of friction wall 9222, and the 4th lower supporting plate h2 top upper side is formed with confession Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane h24 under corresponding the 4th slipped into that take advantage of a situation of the four times friction walls 9223.
In order to ensure can friction means anti-wear performance, it is preferable that the first friction mandrel a1, the second friction mandrel c1, the 3rd rub Wipe axle e1, the 4th friction mandrel g1, the first friction pulley a2, the second friction pulley c2, the 3rd friction pulley e2, the 4th friction pulley g2 side face And first friction groove 8121, second rub groove the 8221, the 3rd rub groove 9121 and the 4th rub groove 9221 table Face is covered with ceramic wearing coat.
Preferably, the first driving end of main transmission bar 1023 passes through perpendicular with the place plane of turbine part 1021 first Rotating shaft is articulated with turbine part 1021, and first rotating shaft is in the side relative with worm screw part 1022;Second driving end It is articulated by second rotating shaft parallel with first rotating shaft with main transmission bar 1023.
In order to ensure each main driving inclined-plane is to each stabilized driving by driving inclined-plane, it is preferable that the first main driving inclined-plane 1012 with first by driving inclined-plane 8313 is parallel and the length of the first main driving inclined-plane 1012 is more than first by driving inclined-plane 8313 length, the second main driving inclined-plane 1013 is with second by driving inclined-plane 9313 is parallel and the second main driving inclined-plane 1013 Length is more than second by the length of driving inclined-plane 9313.
In order to realize the concrete structure of manual-operating mechanism 2 and automatic manipulation mechanism 3, it is preferable that manual transmission part is Coaxial the first negative pulley wheel 21 being fixed on worm screw part 1022;Manual-operating mechanism 2 also includes the first drive pulley Wheel 22, the first belt 23 being connected between the first drive pulley 22 and the first negative pulley wheel 21, and to first Drive pulley 22 carries out the manually operated wheel 24 of manual actuation;Manually operated wheel 24 is equipped with operating handle 25.It is tight when occurring During anxious situation, passenger can be operated by operating handle 25 to manual hand wheel 24, and then the first drive pulley 22 passes through First belt 23 drives the first negative pulley wheel 21 driving worm screw part 1022 to rotate.
Automatic transmission part is the second negative pulley wheel 31 being coaxially fixed on worm screw part 1022;Manipulator Structure 3 also includes the second drive pulley 32, is connected between the second drive pulley 32 and the second negative pulley wheel 31 Second belt 33, and rotation driving and the motor 34 being controlled by the controller are carried out to the second drive pulley 32;First The negative pulley wheel 31 of negative pulley wheel 21 and second is linked together by one-way driving wheels 20 and worm screw part 1022 respectively;It is single Include the foreign steamer 201 being connected with the second negative pulley wheel 31 and the lubrication groove 202 being connected with worm screw part 1022 to driving wheel 20, outside The inner side of wheel 201 is formed with multiple helical teeth 2011 towards same clockwise oblique arrangement, and the side face of lubrication groove 202 is provided with multiple equal Even annular array and with the Elastic Teeth 2021 of 2011 corresponding buckle of helical teeth, the clockwise of the sophisticated direction of Elastic Teeth 2021 with The clockwise of the sophisticated direction of helical teeth 2011 is on the contrary, Elastic Teeth 2021 is equipped with the opening spring that driving Elastic Teeth 2021 is opened 2022.In actual use, one-way driving wheels 20 can ensure that manual-operating mechanism 2 and automatic manipulation mechanism 3 are equal to the present invention Unidirectional independent driving can be carried out to worm screw part 1022, manual-operating mechanism is reversely driven without worm screw part 1022 2 and the situation of automatic manipulation mechanism 3, manual-operating mechanism 2 and automatic manipulation mechanism 3 will not interact.
The product form of the present invention is not limited to this case diagram and embodiment, and anyone carries out the appropriate of similar thinking to it Change or modification, it all should be regarded as not departing from the patent category of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving, including car, elevator is defined with the first adjacent successively madial wall, second Side wall, the 3rd madial wall and the 4th madial wall, the car have bottom wall and with the first madial wall of elevator, second inner side Wall, the 3rd madial wall and the 4th madial wall corresponding the first lateral wall, the second lateral wall, the 3rd lateral wall and the one by one respectively Four lateral walls;It is characterized in that:Also include the deceleration device to be slowed down to car;The deceleration device includes deceleration execution machine Structure, the manual-operating mechanism being operated manually to deceleration executing agency, deceleration executing agency is automatically brought into operation automatic Operating mechanism, the acceleration detector of the cage descending acceleration is detected, detect the speed detector of the car speed, it is right The acceleration and speed of the car send the alarm of alarm, and receive acceleration detector and speed detector signal simultaneously The controller being controlled to automatic manipulation mechanism and alarm;
The deceleration executing agency includes the first reducing execution device on the car, the second reducing execution device, with And to speed reducing driving device that the first reducing execution device and the second reducing execution device are driven;Described first, which slows down, performs Device carry out friction eceleration corresponding with the first madial wall of elevator, the 3rd of second reducing execution device and elevator the The corresponding carry out friction eceleration of madial wall;
First reducing execution device is included located at the first lateral wall bottom and vertical respectively close to the first lateral wall two First deceleration of side performs monomer, and second, which slows down, performs monomer, and the first deceleration execution monomer and second are slowed down and performed The first deceleration monomer that monomer is directly driven;
Described first, which slows down, which performs monomer, includes the first friction roller that is rubbed of being in contact with the first madial wall of elevator, With the first friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the first lateral wall direction with the first friction roller;Described One friction roller includes the first roller bodies and is connected the first roller bodies are supported first with first lateral wall Support frame, first roller bodies include horizontally disposed and first friction mandrel parallel with first lateral wall and two points First friction pulley at the first friction mandrel both ends is not fixedly connected on, and first support frame is included under the first upper backup pad, first Supporting plate and two are articulated in the first friction mandrel both ends and the first pivot connecting plate on the inside of two first friction pulleys; First upper backup pad is parallel with first friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two described the towards the first friction mandrel One pivot connecting plate is fixed together, and first lower supporting plate is parallel with first friction mandrel and from the bottom to top gradually towards One friction mandrel is tilted and is fixed together with two first pivot connecting plates;First pivot connecting plate is formed with accommodating described first First bar hole of friction mandrel, first bar hole are horizontally disposed and perpendicular to first lateral wall;First bar shaped Hole is with close to first the first remote end close to end and away from the first lateral wall of first lateral wall, first bar shaped It is provided with hole and is located at described first away from holding first between first friction mandrel to support spring, described first away from end The first storage tank of spring is supported formed with described first after accommodating compression, described first supports spring houses with described first The bottom of groove links together;The end of the first friction-driven bar is formed with matching corresponding with first friction mandrel First friction groove, first time friction that the first friction groove has friction wall on be in top first and is below Wall;The first madial wall that the lower end of first upper backup pad is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, is resisted against described On one above friction wall first on elastic extension plate, on first above elastic extension plate and on horizontally disposed first it is solid Spring on fixed board, and first be located on first between elastic extension plate and the first upper mounted plate;It is elastic on described first Extension board is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of first lower supporting plate is provided with the first of elevator Madial wall extends and corresponded to first time elastic extension plate that elasticity is resisted against below first time friction wall, in first time bullet Property extension board below and horizontally disposed first bottom plate, and be located at first time elastic extension plate and the first bottom plate Between the first lower spring;First time elastic extension plate is gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;Described first rubs Wipe drive rod and be equipped with and be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the first friction-driven bar the first guide plate and the second guide plate, First guide plate, second guide plate is oriented to closer to the described first friction groove, first guide plate and second Plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the first friction-driven bar matching, and the side face of the first friction-driven bar is formed Have and be oriented in the first limiting plate between first guide plate and the second guide plate, first limiting plate with described first The the first bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the first friction-driven bar is opened between plate;
Described second, which slows down, which performs monomer, includes the second friction roller that is rubbed of being in contact with the first madial wall of elevator, With the second friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the first lateral wall direction with the second friction roller;Described Two friction rollers include the second roller bodies and are connected the second roller bodies are supported second with first lateral wall Support frame, second roller bodies include horizontally disposed and second friction mandrel parallel with first lateral wall and two points Second friction pulley at the second friction mandrel both ends is not fixedly connected on, and second support frame is included under the second upper backup pad, second Supporting plate and two are articulated in the second friction mandrel both ends and the second pivot connecting plate on the inside of two second friction pulleys; Second upper backup pad is parallel with second friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two described the towards the second friction mandrel Two pivot connecting plates are fixed together, and second lower supporting plate is parallel with second friction mandrel and from the bottom to top gradually towards Two friction mandrels are tilted and are fixed together with two second pivot connecting plates;Second pivot connecting plate is formed with accommodating described second Second bar hole of friction mandrel, the second bar shaped hole horizontal set and perpendicular to first lateral walls;Second bar shaped Hole is with close to second the second remote end close to end and away from the first lateral wall of first lateral wall, second bar shaped It is provided with hole and is located at described second away from holding second between second friction mandrel to support spring, described second away from end The second storage tank of spring is supported formed with described second after accommodating compression, described second supports spring houses with described second The bottom of groove links together;The end of the second friction-driven bar is formed with matching corresponding with second friction mandrel Second friction groove, second time friction that the second friction groove has friction wall on be in top second and is below Wall;The first madial wall that the lower end of second upper backup pad is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, is resisted against described On two above friction wall second on elastic extension plate, on second above elastic extension plate and on horizontally disposed second it is solid Spring on fixed board, and second be located on second between elastic extension plate and the second upper mounted plate;It is elastic on described second Extension board is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of second lower supporting plate is provided with the first of elevator Madial wall extends and corresponded to second time elastic extension plate that elasticity is resisted against below second time friction wall, in second time bullet Property extension board below and horizontally disposed second bottom plate, and be located at second time elastic extension plate and the second bottom plate Between the second lower spring;Second time elastic extension plate is gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;Described second rubs Wipe drive rod and be equipped with and be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the second friction-driven bar the 3rd guide plate and the 4th guide plate, 3rd guide plate the 4th guide plate is oriented to closer to the described second friction groove, the 3rd guide plate and the 4th Plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the second friction-driven bar matching, and the side face of the second friction-driven bar is formed Have and be oriented in the second limiting plate between the 3rd guide plate and the 4th guide plate, second limiting plate with the described 3rd The the second bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the second friction-driven bar is opened between plate;
The first deceleration monomer includes parallel with the first friction-driven bar and the second friction-driven bar first Drive rod, the first perpendicular drive link with the first friction-driven bar and the second friction-driven bar, and driven with first The first guide rod that bar extends in the same direction;First drive rod and the first guide rod are connected in first drive link Portion;First drive rod be equipped be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the first drive rod first driving guide plate, institute The first driving guide plate is stated to be equipped with formed with the through hole slid through for first drive rod matching, first guide rod It is connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the first guide rod second drives guide plate, the second driving guide plate is formed with confession The through hole that the first guide rod matching slides through;First drive link has corresponding with the first friction-driven bar The first drive end being driven, and the second drive end being driven corresponding with the second friction-driven bar;Described The first frictional force is provided between one drive end and the first friction-driven bar and keeps spring, second drive end with it is described Opened between second friction-driven bar and be provided with the second frictional force holding spring;First drive end is kept with first frictional force Pad is provided with first pressure sensor between spring, pads and is provided between second drive end and second frictional force holding spring Second pressure sensor;
Second reducing execution device is included located at the 3rd lateral wall bottom and vertical respectively close to the 3rd lateral wall two 3rd deceleration of side performs monomer, and the 4th, which slows down, performs monomer, and the 3rd deceleration execution monomer and the 4th are slowed down and performed The second deceleration monomer that monomer is directly driven;
Described 3rd, which slows down, which performs monomer, includes the 3rd friction roller that is rubbed of being in contact with the 3rd madial wall of elevator, With the 3rd friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall direction with the 3rd friction roller;Described Three friction rollers include the 3rd roller bodies and are connected the 3rd roller bodies are supported the 3rd with the 3rd lateral wall Support frame, the 3rd roller bodies include horizontally disposed and threeth friction mandrel parallel with the 3rd lateral wall and two points The 3rd friction pulley at the 3rd friction mandrel both ends is not fixedly connected on, and the 3rd support frame is included under the 3rd upper backup pad, the 3rd Supporting plate and two are articulated in the 3rd friction mandrel both ends and the 3rd pivot connecting plate on the inside of two the 3rd friction pulleys; 3rd upper backup pad is parallel with the 3rd friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two described the towards the 3rd friction mandrel Three pivot connecting plates are fixed together, and the 3rd lower supporting plate is parallel with the 3rd friction mandrel and from the bottom to top gradually towards Three friction mandrels are tilted and are fixed together with two the 3rd pivot connecting plates;3rd pivot connecting plate is formed with the accommodating described 3rd The Article 3 shape hole of friction mandrel, the Article 3 shape hole horizontal set and perpendicular to the 3rd lateral walls;The Article 3 shape Hole is with close to the 3rd the 3rd remote end close to end and away from the 3rd lateral wall of the 3rd lateral wall, the Article 3 shape It is provided with hole and is located at the described 3rd away from holding the between the 3rd friction mandrel the 3rd to support spring, the described 3rd away from end The 3rd storage tank of spring is supported formed with the described 3rd after accommodating compression, the described 3rd supports spring houses with the described 3rd The bottom of groove links together;The end of the 3rd friction-driven bar is formed with matching corresponding with the 3rd friction mandrel 3rd friction groove, the three times frictions that the 3rd friction groove has friction wall on the be in top the 3rd and is below Wall;The 3rd madial wall that the lower end of 3rd upper backup pad is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, is resisted against described On three above friction wall the 3rd on elastic extension plate, it is solid above elastic extension plate on the 3rd and on the horizontally disposed 3rd Spring on fixed board, and the 3rd be located on the 3rd between elastic extension plate and the 3rd upper mounted plate;It is elastic on described 3rd Extension board is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of 3rd lower supporting plate is provided with the 3rd of elevator Madial wall extends and corresponded to the three times elastic extension plates that elasticity is resisted against below the three times friction walls, in the three times bullets Property extension board below and horizontally disposed 3rd bottom plate, and be located at the three times elastic extension plates and the 3rd bottom plate Between the 3rd lower spring;The three times elastic extension plates are gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;Described 3rd rubs Wipe drive rod and be equipped with and be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the 3rd friction-driven bar the 5th guide plate and the 6th guide plate, 5th guide plate the 6th guide plate is oriented to closer to the described 3rd friction groove, the 5th guide plate and the 6th Plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the 3rd friction-driven bar matching, and the side face of the 3rd friction-driven bar is formed Have and be oriented in the 3rd limiting plate between the 5th guide plate and the 6th guide plate, the 3rd limiting plate with the described 5th The 3rd bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the 3rd friction-driven bar is opened between plate;
Described 4th, which slows down, which performs monomer, includes the 4th friction roller that is rubbed of being in contact with the 3rd madial wall of elevator, With the 4th friction-driven bar to be rubbed along extending perpendicular to the 3rd lateral wall direction with the 4th friction roller;Described Four friction rollers include the 4th roller bodies and are connected the 4th roller bodies are supported the 4th with the 3rd lateral wall Support frame, the 4th roller bodies include horizontally disposed and fourth friction mandrel parallel with the 3rd lateral wall and two points The 4th friction pulley at the 4th friction mandrel both ends is not fixedly connected on, and the 4th support frame is included under the 4th upper backup pad, the 4th Supporting plate and two are articulated in the 4th friction mandrel both ends and the 4th pivot connecting plate on the inside of two the 4th friction pulleys; 4th upper backup pad is parallel with the 4th friction mandrel and is from top to bottom gradually tilted and two described the towards the 4th friction mandrel Four pivot connecting plates are fixed together, and the 4th lower supporting plate is parallel with the 4th friction mandrel and from the bottom to top gradually towards Four friction mandrels are tilted and are fixed together with two the 4th pivot connecting plates;4th pivot connecting plate is formed with the accommodating described 4th The Article 4 shape hole of friction mandrel, the Article 4 shape hole horizontal set and perpendicular to the 3rd lateral walls;The Article 4 shape Hole is with close to the 4th the 4th remote end close to end and away from the 3rd lateral wall of the 3rd lateral wall, the Article 4 shape It is provided with hole and is located at the described 4th away from holding the between the 4th friction mandrel the 4th to support spring, the described 4th away from end The 4th storage tank of spring is supported formed with the described 4th after accommodating compression, the described 4th supports spring houses with the described 4th The bottom of groove links together;The end of the 4th friction-driven bar is formed with matching corresponding with the 4th friction mandrel 4th friction groove, the four times frictions that the 4th friction groove has friction wall on the be in top the 4th and is below Wall;The 3rd madial wall that the lower end of 4th upper backup pad is provided with elevator, which extends and corresponds to elasticity, is resisted against described On four above friction wall the 4th on elastic extension plate, it is solid above elastic extension plate on the 4th and on the horizontally disposed 4th Spring on fixed board, and the 4th be located on the 4th between elastic extension plate and the 4th upper mounted plate;It is elastic on described 4th Extension board is obliquely installed gradually downward by root to end;The upper end of 4th lower supporting plate is provided with the 3rd of elevator Madial wall extends and corresponded to the four times elastic extension plates that elasticity is resisted against below the four times friction walls, in the four times bullets Property extension board below and horizontally disposed 4th bottom plate, and be located at the four times elastic extension plates and the 4th bottom plate Between the 4th lower spring;The four times elastic extension plates are gradually inclined upwardly setting by root to end;Described 4th rubs Wipe drive rod and be equipped with and be connected with the bottom wall and vertical with the 4th friction-driven bar the 7th guide plate and the 8th guide plate, 7th guide plate the 8th guide plate is oriented to closer to the described 4th friction groove, the 7th guide plate and the 8th Plate is each formed with the through hole slid through for the 4th friction-driven bar matching, and the side face of the 4th friction-driven bar is formed Have and be oriented in the 4th limiting plate between the 7th guide plate and the 8th guide plate, the 4th limiting plate with the described 7th The 4th bounce-back spring for being provided with and being placed on the 4th friction-driven bar is opened between plate;
The second deceleration monomer includes parallel with the 3rd friction-driven bar and the 4th friction-driven bar second Drive rod, the second perpendicular drive link with the 3rd friction-driven bar and the 4th friction-driven bar, and driven with second The second guide rod that bar extends in the same direction;Second drive rod and the second guide rod are connected in second drive link Portion;Second drive rod be equipped be connected with the bottom wall and the vertical with the second drive rod the 3rd driving guide plate, institute The 3rd driving guide plate is stated to be equipped with formed with the through hole slid through for second drive rod matching, second guide rod It is connected with the bottom wall and 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate vertical with the second guide rod, the 4 wheel driven action-oriented plate is formed with confession The through hole that the second guide rod matching slides through;Second drive link has corresponding with the 3rd friction-driven bar The 3rd drive end being driven, and the 4th drive end being driven corresponding with the 4th friction-driven bar;Described The 3rd frictional force is provided between three drive ends and the 3rd friction-driven bar and keeps spring, the 4th drive end with it is described Opened between 4th friction-driven bar and be provided with the 4th frictional force holding spring;3rd drive end is kept with the 3rd frictional force Pad is provided with the 3rd pressure sensor between spring, pads and is provided between the 4th drive end and the 4th frictional force holding spring 4th pressure sensor;
First drive rod has first power intake corresponding with second drive rod, the second drive rod tool There is second power intake corresponding with first power intake;The speed reducing driving device includes moving with described first Power input and the corresponding main drive rod of the second power intake, and to main drive that main drive rod is driven;Institute Stating main drive includes turbine part and the worm screw part being driven to turbine part, and the turbine part passes through main transmission Bar to the main drive rod be driven along the push-and-pull of main drive rod bearing of trend;The main transmission bar has and the turbine portion The first driving end that part is articulated and the second driving end being articulated with the main transmission bar;The main drive rod tool There are the clutch end corresponding with first power intake and the second power intake, the first power intake shape Clutch end described in Cheng Youyu it is corresponding first by driving inclined-plane, second power intake formed with the power Output end it is corresponding second by driving inclined-plane, the clutch end is formed with corresponding by driving inclined-plane with described first First main driving inclined-plane and with described second by corresponding the second main driving inclined-plane of driving inclined-plane;The main drive rod is equipped It is connected with the bottom wall and vertical with main drive rod the first main guide plate and the second main guide plate.
A kind of 2. anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First friction mandrel passes through One bearing is articulated with first bar hole, and the both ends of first bar hole are and the clutch shaft bearing outer peripheral face phase The circular arc of matching;Second friction mandrel is articulated by second bearing and second bar hole, the Article 2 The both ends in shape hole are the circular arc to match with the second bearing outer peripheral face;3rd friction mandrel passes through 3rd bearing and institute State Article 3 shape hole to be articulated, the both ends in the Article 3 shape hole are the circular arc to match with the 3rd bearing outer peripheral face Shape;4th friction mandrel is articulated by fourth bearing and the Article 4 shape hole, the both ends in the Article 4 shape hole For the circular arc to match with the fourth bearing outer peripheral face.
A kind of 3. anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Elasticity is prolonged on described first The lower surface of plate is stretched formed with the first upper limit groove to match with friction wall outer peripheral face on described first, first time bullet The upper surface of property extension board is formed with the first lower limit groove to match with first time friction wall outer peripheral face;Described second The lower surface of upper elastic extension plate is described formed with the second upper limit groove to match with friction wall outer peripheral face on described second The upper surface of second time elastic extension plate is formed with the second lower limit groove to match with second time friction wall outer peripheral face; On described 3rd the lower surface of elastic extension plate formed with friction wall outer peripheral face matches on the described 3rd the 3rd upper limit Groove, the upper surface of the three times elastic extension plates is formed with the 3rd to match with the three times friction wall outer peripheral faces Limited impression;The lower surface of elastic extension plate is formed with to match with friction wall outer peripheral face on the described 4th on described 4th Four upper limit grooves, the upper surfaces of the four times elastic extension plates with the four times friction wall outer peripheral faces formed with matching The 4th lower limit groove.
A kind of 4. anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Under first upper backup pad Subordinate side for friction wall on described first formed with correspondingly taking advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation on first slipped into, first lower supporting plate Top upper side formed with correspondingly taken advantage of a situation for first time friction wall slip into first under take advantage of a situation inclined-plane;Propped up on described second The bottom downside of fagging for friction wall on described second formed with correspondingly taking advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation on second slipped into, and described second The top upper side of lower supporting plate formed with correspondingly taken advantage of a situation for second time friction wall slip into second under take advantage of a situation inclined-plane;It is described The bottom downside of 3rd upper backup pad formed with correspondingly being taken advantage of a situation inclined-plane of taking advantage of a situation on the 3rd slipped into for friction wall on the described 3rd, The top upper side of 3rd lower supporting plate formed with for the three times friction walls correspondingly take advantage of a situation slip into the 3rd under take advantage of a situation Inclined-plane;Correspondingly taken advantage of a situation on the 4th slipped into formed with friction wall in confession the described 4th the bottom downside of 4th upper backup pad Take advantage of a situation inclined-plane, the top upper side of the 4th lower supporting plate formed with correspondingly taken advantage of a situation for the four times friction walls slip into the Taken advantage of a situation under four inclined-plane.
A kind of 5. anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:First friction mandrel, second Friction mandrel, the 3rd friction mandrel, the 4th friction mandrel, the first friction pulley, the second friction pulley, the 3rd friction pulley, the week of the 4th friction pulley Face and the first friction groove, the second friction groove, the 3rd friction groove and the 4th surface for rubbing groove are covered with ceramics Wearing layer.
A kind of 6. anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:First driving end by with The perpendicular first rotating shaft of plane where the turbine part is articulated with the turbine part, and the first rotating shaft is in The side relative with the worm screw part;Second driving end passes through second rotating shaft parallel with the first rotating shaft and institute Main transmission bar is stated to be articulated.
A kind of 7. anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The first main driving inclined-plane with Described first by driving inclined-plane is parallel and the length of the first main driving inclined-plane is more than first by the length of driving inclined-plane, and described the Two main driving inclined-planes with described second by driving inclined-plane is parallel and the length of the second main driving inclined-plane to be more than second oblique by driving The length in face.
CN201711142855.8A 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving Withdrawn CN107814291A (en)

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CN201711142855.8A CN107814291A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving
CN201710200345.5A CN106927333B (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator that slows down

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CN201711142855.8A CN107814291A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving

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CN201711142855.8A Withdrawn CN107814291A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving
CN201710200345.5A Active CN106927333B (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator that slows down
CN201711142839.9A Pending CN107963532A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of efficiently anti-fall elevator of deceleration low consumption
CN201711142838.4A Pending CN107814290A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 The anti-fall elevator of one kind deceleration

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CN201710200345.5A Active CN106927333B (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of anti-fall elevator that slows down
CN201711142839.9A Pending CN107963532A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 A kind of efficiently anti-fall elevator of deceleration low consumption
CN201711142838.4A Pending CN107814290A (en) 2017-03-30 2017-03-30 The anti-fall elevator of one kind deceleration

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CN107814291A (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-03-20 福建科大高科发展有限公司 A kind of anti-fall elevator of decelerating energy-saving

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CN106927333B (en) 2018-05-18
CN106927333A (en) 2017-07-07
CN107814290A (en) 2018-03-20

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