CN107481908A - Device for constraining discharge arc in straight line by using toroidal magnetic field - Google Patents

Device for constraining discharge arc in straight line by using toroidal magnetic field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107481908A
CN107481908A CN201610414387.4A CN201610414387A CN107481908A CN 107481908 A CN107481908 A CN 107481908A CN 201610414387 A CN201610414387 A CN 201610414387A CN 107481908 A CN107481908 A CN 107481908A
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straight line
discharge
high
laser
discharge arc
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CN201610414387.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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侯卫东
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侯卫东
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21BFUSION REACTORS
    • G21B1/00Thermonuclear fusion reactors
    • G21B1/11Details
    • G21B1/19Targets for producing thermonuclear fusion reactions, e.g. pellets for irradiation by laser or charged particle beams
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J3/00Details of electron-optical or ion-optical arrangements or of ion traps common to two or more basic types of discharge tubes or lamps
    • H01J3/14Arrangements for focusing or reflecting ray or beam
    • H01J3/20Magnetic lenses
    • H01J3/22Magnetic lenses using electromagnetic means only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01SDEVICES USING THE PROCESS OF LIGHT AMPLIFICATION BY STIMULATED EMISSION OF RADIATION [LASER] TO AMPLIFY OR GENERATE LIGHT; DEVICES USING STIMULATED EMISSION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION IN WAVE RANGES OTHER THAN OPTICAL
    • H01S3/00Lasers, i.e. devices using stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation in the infrared, visible or ultraviolet wave range
    • H01S3/10Controlling the intensity, frequency, phase, polarisation or direction of the emitted radiation, e.g. switching, gating, modulating or demodulating
    • H01S3/13Stabilisation of laser output parameters, e.g. frequency, amplitude
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/10Fusion reactors
    • Y02E30/14Inertial plasma confinement
    • Y02E30/16Injection systems and targets

Abstract

The present invention discloses a device for constraining a discharge arc in a straight line by using a toroidal magnetic field. The device is applied to three aspects: (1) the device is used in a gas laser to constrain a gas discharge arc to a straight line with a fine axis, an effect is that discharge gas medium is compressed to the straight line with a very fine axis, and the laser power in a unit area is improved with a mode of second power, (2) the device is applied in a nuclear fusion system to ionize a nuclear fusion material with high voltage and high current to generate a discharge arc and compress the discharge arc to a straight line with a very fine axis, high temperature and high pressure are generated, then large power laser energy in the step (1) is used to act on a coaxial high-temperature high-pressure fusion material, thus nuclear fusion is ignited, and finally controlled nuclear fusion is realized, (3) the device with a same structure is used, high voltage is used to allow two needle-shaped graphite electrodes to discharge, a discharge arc is constrained to a straight line with a very fine axis, and a long carbon nanotube is made.

Description

一种用环形磁场将放电电弧约束在一条直线上的装置 One kind of an arc with a toroidal magnetic field restraint device in a straight line in the discharge

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及大功率气体激光器领域、核聚变领域和碳纳米管材料制造领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of high-power gas laser, nuclear fusion and manufacturing the carbon nanotube material.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]磁场中运动的电荷将受到洛仑兹力的作用。 [0002] The charge movement in the magnetic field will be subject to the Lorentz force. 本发明利用这一基本原理在强磁场境下采用高电压、大放电电流产生巨大的洛仑兹力来将放电介质或物质束缚在直线型极小的空间里产生极高的介质密度,极高的压力和极高的温度。 The present invention utilizes the basic principle of using high voltage in a high magnetic field environment, a large discharge current generated enormous Lorentz force to produce a discharge medium or high dielectric substance to be bound in a linear density in a very small space, high pressure and high temperature. 一N A N

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]本发明的目的是 [0003] The object of the present invention is

[0004] (1)以2次幂的方式提高气体激光器单位面积上的功率; [0004] (1) 2 in a manner to improve the power of the gas laser power per unit area;

[0005] (2)将核聚变材料压缩束缚在极小的空间内并同时产生高温高压,外加大功率激光能量实现受控核聚变; [0005] (2) the compressed material bound by fusion and simultaneously generating high temperature and pressure in a very small space, high-power laser energy is applied to achieve controlled nuclear fusion;

[0006] (3)制造出长碳纳米管 [0006] (3) the length of the carbon nanotubes manufactured

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007]图1为本发明的超大功率气体激光器置示意图; [0007] FIG 1 super power gas laser of the present invention set a schematic view;

[0008]其中部件为: [0008] wherein the component is:

[00091 1全反射镜面2阴极3磁场方向4环形磁体5耐高温绝缘层6阳极7半放射镜面 [2 000 911 a total reflection mirror 3 cathode field direction of the ring magnet 4 of high temperature insulation layer 5 6 7 anode half mirror Radiation

[0010]图2为本发明的受控核聚变装置示意图; [0010] FIG 2 a schematic of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus of the present invention;

[0011]其中部件为: [0011] wherein the component is:

[00121 1激光光束2阴极3磁场方向4环形磁体5耐高温绝缘层6阳极7全反射镜面 [2 cathode 3 the laser beam direction of the magnetic field of the ring magnet 4 of high temperature insulation layer 5 6001211 total reflection mirror anode 7

[0013]图3为本发明的长碳纳米管制造装置示意图; [0013] Fig 3 a schematic view of apparatus for producing a carbon nanotube of the present invention is long;

[0014]其中部件为: [0014] wherein the component is:

[0015] 1阴极碳针2磁场方向3环形磁体4耐高温绝缘层5阳极碳针 [0015] 1 2 carbon cathode field direction of the needle 3 of the ring magnet 4 of high temperature insulation layer 5 carbon anode pin

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016]为了达到上述目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为: [0016] To achieve the above object, the technical solution employed in the present invention are:

[0017] (1)用超强环形磁场将放电电弧约束在轴心极细的一条直线上的装置。 It means a straight line in the axial center of the fine [0017] (1) The discharge arc powerful toroidal magnetic field constraints. 在气体激光器中运用该装置可将高电压产生激光的气体放电电弧约束在轴心极细的一条直线上,其效果就是p原本较粗的柱状放电气体介质压缩到轴心极细的直线上,因而将以2次幂的方式极大提高单位面积上的激光功率。 Application of the device in a gas laser may be a high voltage generating a laser gas discharge arc in a straight line axial constraint of very fine, the effect of the original p is coarser columnar discharge compressed gaseous medium to very fine straight line axis, 2 thus will greatly improve the way power laser power per unit area. 主要部件如图i所示。 The main components shown in FIG. I.

[0018]此外,该装置还有另外3种变化形式: [0018] In addition, the apparatus also three other variations:

[0019]第一种:快速轴流方式,在该方式中增加附加装置,使得产生激光的气体沿轴向快速流动,以获得更大的激光输出功率; [0019] The first: fast axial flow mode, additional increases in this manner means that the lasing gas to flow quickly along the axial direction, in order to obtain higher laser output power;

[00201第二种:横流方式,在该方式中增加附加装置,在环形磁体和环形耐高温绝缘层双侧各开一个长方形窗口,使得产生激光的气体横向垂直穿过直线放电电弧,获得更大的激光输出功率。 [00201 The second: cross-flow mode, additional devices in this manner, the annular magnet and the annular double-sided high temperature insulation layer opening of a rectangular window, so that the gas passing through lasing transverse vertical straight discharge arc, greater the laser output power.

[0021 ]第三种:高气压方式,在该方式中增加附加装置,将密闭空间内产生激光的气体压力增加到30兆帕到60兆帕之间或者更高,极大提高介质密度从而获得更大的激光输出功率。 [0021] Third: high pressure mode, additional devices in this embodiment, the laser light generated in the sealed space between the gas pressure is increased to 30 MPa to 60 MPa or more, greatly increasing the density of the medium to thereby obtain larger laser output power.

[0022] (2)用超强环形磁场将放电电弧约束在轴心极细的一条直线上的装置。 It means a straight line in the axial center of the fine [0022] (2) The discharge arc powerful toroidal magnetic field constraints. 在核聚变系统中运用该装置,用超高电压将核聚变物质电离并产生放电电弧,将原本较粗的柱状放电聚变物质压缩到轴心极细的直线上,并产生高温高压,再将(1)中所述的大功率激光能量作用于同轴的高温高压聚变物质,从而点燃核聚变,最终实现受控核聚变。 The system used in nuclear fusion apparatus, ultra-high voltage ionization and nuclear fusion material discharge arc is generated, the original fusion coarse columnar discharge material compression on a straight line to the axis of very fine, high pressure and high temperature, then ( 1) in the high-power laser energy to a high temperature and pressure fusion material coaxial to ignite fusion, ultimately controlled nuclear fusion. 主要部件如图2 所示。 The main components shown in Fig.

[0023] (3)用超强环形磁场将放电电弧约束在轴心极细的一条直线上的装置。 It means a straight line in the axial center of the fine [0023] (3) The discharge arc powerful toroidal magnetic field constraints. 采用该装置,将二个电极换成针状石墨电极,用高压使其放电,放电电弧被约束在轴心极细的直线上,制造出较长的碳纳米管。 With this apparatus, the two electrodes of graphite electrodes into the needle, so that a high pressure discharge, the arc discharge is constrained on a straight line axis of fine, produce longer carbon nanotubes. 主要部件如图3所示。 The main components shown in Figure 3.

[0024]⑷该环形磁场的横截面有另外3种变化形式:正三角形、正方形和正多边形。 [0024] The cross-section of the toroidal magnetic field ⑷ are three other variations: regular triangle, a square and a regular polygon.

[0025] 本发明可以制造: [0025] The present invention can be produced:

[00261 (1)微米级光束直径的超大功率气体激光器,在国防领域制造出小型化乃至单兵化的激光武器系统,极大的提高国家军事能力; C 0027] (2)小型化、工业化的受控核聚变装置,该装置可制造出小型化、工业化的受控核聚变系统,为大型舰船、大型飞机或其他大型运输工具提供清洁核动力,为国家乃至人类提供取之不尽的清洁能源。 [00261 (1) micron beam diameter ultra high power gas lasers, manufacturing in the field of defense downsizing and the man of the laser weapon system, greatly improving national military capabilities; C 0027] (2) miniaturization, industrialization controlled nuclear fusion device that can produce a small, industrialized system of controlled nuclear fusion, clean nuclear power for large ships, large aircraft or other large vehicles, provide an inexhaustible supply of clean as a nation and mankind energy.

[0028] (3)新型的高性能纳米材料碳纳米管。 [0028] (3) new high-performance carbon nanotube nanomaterial.

Claims (5)

1. 一种用环形磁场将放电电弧约束在一条直线上的装置,其特征在于:环形磁场的磁场方向与放电电弧的电流产生的磁场方向正好相反,该环形磁场可以是永久磁体,也可以是超导线圈或普通线圈制造的磁体。 1. An apparatus in a straight line with a toroidal magnetic field will be constrained discharge arc, characterized in that: the opposite direction of the current magnetic field generated by the magnetic field direction of the discharge arc of toroidal magnetic field, the magnetic field may be an annular permanent magnet, it may be manufacturing a superconducting coil or ordinary coil magnet.
2.该环形磁体的横截面有另外3种变化形式:正三角形、正方形和正多边形。 2. The cross section of the ring magnet has three other variations: regular triangle, a square and a regular polygon.
3.本发明可用于制造极细光束直径的超大功率气体激光器,其特征在于:此种气体激光器中运用该装置可将高电压产生激光的气体放电电弧约束在轴心极细的一条直线上,其效果就是将原本较粗的柱状放电气体介质压缩到轴心极细的直线上,因而将以2次幂的方式提高单位面积上的激光功率, 此外,该装置还有另外3种变化形式: 第一种:快速轴流方式,在该方式中增加附加装置,使得产生激光的气体沿轴向快速流动,以获得更大的激光输出功率; 第二种:横流方式,在该方式中增加附加装置,在环形磁体和环形耐高温绝缘层双侧各开一个长方形窗口,使得产生激光的气体横向垂直穿过直线放电电弧,获得更大的激光输出功率; 第三种:高气压方式,在该方式中增加附加装置,将密闭空间内产生激光的气体压力增加到3〇兆帕到6〇兆帕之间乃至更高,极 3. The present invention may be used for ultra-high-power gas laser producing a beam diameter of the ultrafine, characterized in that: the use of gas in this gas laser device that generates laser may be a high voltage discharge arc in a straight line axis constraint very fine, the effect is to discharge the original coarse columnar compressed gaseous medium to very fine straight line axis, and thus will increase the laser power per unit area on the way to the power of 2, in addition, the apparatus there is another change in three forms: the first: fast axial flow mode, additional devices in this manner, such that the laser gas to flow quickly along the axial direction, in order to obtain higher laser output power; second: cross-flow manner, in this embodiment to add additional means in the annular magnet and the annular double-sided high temperature insulation layer opening of a rectangular window, so that the gas lasing transverse vertical line passing through the discharge arc, the greater the laser output power; third: high pressure mode, in which described additional devices, laser light generated in the sealed space between the gas pressure is increased to 6〇 3〇 MPa MPa or even higher, electrode 提高介质密度从而获得更大的激光输出功率。 Improve the density of the medium so as to obtain higher laser output power.
4.本发明可用于制造核聚变系统,其特征在于:运用该装置,可以用超高电压将核聚变物质电离并产生放电电弧,将原本较粗的柱状放电聚变物质压缩到轴心极细的直线上,并产生高温高压,再将2中所述的大功率激光能量作用于同轴的高温高压聚变物质,从而点燃核聚变,最终实现受控核聚变。 4. The present invention can be used for producing nuclear fusion system, which is characterized in that: the use of the apparatus, can be fusion ultra high voltage discharge arc and produce ionized species, the original fusion coarse columnar discharge very fine material is compressed to the axis on a straight line, and generates a high temperature and pressure, and then in the 2 high-power laser energy to a high temperature and pressure fusion material coaxial to ignite fusion, ultimately controlled nuclear fusion.
5.本发明可用于制造碳纳米管,其特征在于:采用同样结构的装置,将二个电极换成针状石墨电极,用高压使其放电,放电电弧被约束在轴心极细的直线上,制造出长碳纳米管。 The present invention can be used for manufacturing carbon nanotubes, characterized in that: using the same device configuration, the two electrodes of graphite electrodes into the needle, so that a high pressure discharge, the arc discharge is constrained on a straight line in the axial fine , to create a long carbon nanotubes.
CN201610414387.4A 2016-06-08 2016-06-08 Device for constraining discharge arc in straight line by using toroidal magnetic field CN107481908A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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JPH09105790A (en) * 1995-10-09 1997-04-22 Masahide Ichikawa Plasma compressing device for ultra-high temperature fusion reactor
CN1498518A (en) * 2001-03-19 2004-05-19 加州大学评议会 Controlled fusion in field reversed configuration and direct energy conversion
CN1295946C (en) * 2002-08-14 2007-01-17 质子-21有限公司 Method and device for compressing a substance by impact and plasma cathode thereto
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