CN107416664B - A kind of mounting tool and installation method of pivoting support - Google Patents

A kind of mounting tool and installation method of pivoting support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107416664B
CN107416664B CN201710501941.7A CN201710501941A CN107416664B CN 107416664 B CN107416664 B CN 107416664B CN 201710501941 A CN201710501941 A CN 201710501941A CN 107416664 B CN107416664 B CN 107416664B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pivoting support
hoisting axis
support
pivoting
axis
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CN201710501941.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107416664A (en
Inventor
田永珍
徐兵
万晓红
周英辉
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Wuhan Marine Machinery Plant Co Ltd
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Wuhan Marine Machinery Plant Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710501941.7A priority Critical patent/CN107416664B/en
Publication of CN107416664A publication Critical patent/CN107416664A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/08Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for depositing loads in desired attitudes or positions

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mounting tool of pivoting support and installation methods, belong to mechanical engineering field.The mounting tool includes lifting part and Duo Gen guide rod, lifting part and guide rod are separate structure, lifting part includes hoisting axis, the centre of hoisting axis has extended radially outward more support rods, one end of the separate hoisting axis of each support rod is provided with connecting plate, multiple through-holes are provided on each connecting plate, the center of circle of the inner ring of the distance of axis of each through-hole away from the hoisting axis pivoting support to be installed with the mounting hole spacing on the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed is equidistant, in the axial direction of hoisting axis, distance of the length of every guide rod at least more than the end face of one end of connecting plate to hoisting axis, allow to for the through-hole on connecting plate being aligned with the mounting hole on the inner ring of pivoting support, lifting part and pivoting support are connected as an entirety by bolt, so as to connect the lockset of lifting on hoisting axis, with vertical Lift by crane pivoting support.

Description

A kind of mounting tool and installation method of pivoting support
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical engineering field, in particular to the mounting tool and installation method of a kind of pivoting support.
Background technique
Pivoting support is a kind of large size bearing for being able to bear combined load, can be born simultaneously biggish axial, radial Load and tilting moment.What pivoting support was generally connected to equipment can be between two parts of relative rotation, so that the two portions Dividing can relatively rotate, and be known as " joint of machine ".
Pivoting support mainly includes coaxial and can relatively rotate and be configured inner ring and outer ring, during installation, pivoting support Outer ring is mounted on one in the two parts, and the inner ring of pivoting support is then mounted on another in the two parts, So that the two parts can relatively rotate.
In equipment component, such as loop wheel machine, port machine, horizontality is in when pivoting support works, in another part equipment In, such as shield machine, pivoting support is in a vertical state when working.At present when installing the pivoting support of these two types of equipment, lead to It is all often to arrive a part (stationary part can be any one part in two parts) handling in the two parts To assembly section, the stationary part of equipment is adjusted, makes to place on stationary part for installing the surface horizontal stationary of pivoting support, so Pivoting support level is sling afterwards, is hoisted to the top of installation site, then is installed on stationary part, then again by the two portions Another part (rotating part) in point is connected on pivoting support, but equipment biggish for part, such as large-scale In shield machine or outer defeated winch, two parts of equipment are all larger, and adjustment is inconvenient, simultaneously because the size of pivoting support is usual It is all larger, especially in large scale equipment, when level hangs pivoting support, it is not only difficult to keep the level of pivoting support, and It needs to occupy very large space, the requirement to installation environment is very high, is not easy to the installation of pivoting support.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as that pivoting support installation is inconvenient, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of erectors of pivoting support Dress and installation method.The technical solution is as follows:
On the one hand, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of mounting tool of pivoting support, the mounting tool includes lifting Part and more guide rods, the lifting part and the guide rod are separate structure, and the lifting part includes hoisting axis, the lifting The length of axis is greater than the axial length of pivoting support to be installed, and the centre of the hoisting axis has extended radially outward more branch Strut, more support rods being provided at circumferentially spaced along the hoisting axis, and the more support rods are coplanar, each branch One end far from the hoisting axis of strut is provided with connecting plate, and the connecting plate is annular in fan, on each connecting plate It is provided with multiple through-holes, distance and the pivoting support to be installed of each axis of the through-hole away from the hoisting axis The center of circle of the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed described in mounting hole spacing on inner ring is equidistant, in the axial direction of the hoisting axis On, the distance of the length of the every guide rod at least more than the end face of the connecting plate to one end of the hoisting axis.
Optionally, the twice annular groove coaxial with the hoisting axis, the twice annular groove are provided on the hoisting axis The two sides of plane where being located at the more support rods, and between the twice annular groove is in the axial direction of the hoisting axis Away from the axial length for being greater than the pivoting support to be installed.
Further, the twice annular groove is arranged symmetrically about plane where the more support rods.
Optionally, the lifting part further includes two sliding sleeves, and described two sliding sleeves are rotatably sleeved on the lifting On axis, and the sliding sleeve is respectively arranged in each annular groove.
Optionally, rope groove is provided on the outer wall of the sliding sleeve.
Specifically, axis of the multiple through-hole on each connecting plate about the support rod being connect with the connecting plate Line is arranged symmetrically.
Further, the equiangularly spaced setting of the more support rods.
Optionally, the cross-sectional area of one end far from the hoisting axis of the more support rods is greater than close to the lifting The cross-sectional area of one end of axis.
Optionally, floor is connected between the support rod and the hoisting axis.
On the other hand, the embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of installation method of pivoting support, the installation method is used Aforementioned any mounting tool carries out, and the installation method includes:
The stationary part for adjusting the equipment of pivoting support to be installed makes on the stationary part for installing pivoting support Surface is in a vertical state;
Through-hole on connecting plate is aligned with the mounting hole on the inner ring of the pivoting support to be installed and passes through bolt Connection;
In the lockset of the both ends of hoisting axis connection lifting, the pivoting support to be installed is sling by lifting appliance;
The mobile pivoting support to be installed, make mounting hole on the outer ring of the pivoting support to be installed with it is described For connecting the mounting hole alignment of the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed on stationary part;
The mounting hole and the stationary part more guide rods being inserted on the outer ring of the pivoting support to be installed On outer ring for connecting pivoting support to be installed mounting hole in;
The lifting part is removed, pushes the pivoting support to be installed along the axial direction of the guide rod, is made described wait pacify The pivoting support of dress is moved to be contacted with the stationary part;
Be bolted the outer ring of the pivoting support to be installed with it is to be installed for connecting on the stationary part Pivoting support outer ring mounting hole, and remove the more guide rods.
By setting lifting part and guide rod, lifting part includes hoisting axis and extends radially outward the embodiment of the present invention More support rods, one end of the separate hoisting axis of support rod are provided with connecting plate, through-hole are provided on connecting plate, due to connecting plate On the distance of axis of the through-hole apart from hoisting axis and the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed on mounting hole spacing to be installed return Turn being equidistant for the center of circle of the inner ring of bearing, allows to the installation on the inner ring of through-hole and pivoting support on connecting plate Lifting part and pivoting support are connected as an entirety by bolt by hole alignment, so as to the connection lifting use on hoisting axis Lockset, to lift by crane pivoting support vertically.When installing pivoting support, the equipment of adjustable pivoting support to be installed it is static Part so that on stationary part for connect pivoting support surface it is in a vertical state, by by pivoting support with vertical shape For connecting pivoting support to be installed on the mounting hole and stationary part that state is hoisted on the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed Outer ring mounting hole alignment, due to every guide rod length at least more than connecting plate to hoisting axis one end end face away from From, therefore more guide rods can be plugged simultaneously on the mounting hole and stationary part on the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed In the mounting hole of outer ring for connecting pivoting support to be installed, so as to remove lifting part, pass through more guide rod branch Pivoting support is supportted, by pushing pivoting support along guide rod, so that pivoting support is contacted with stationary part, convenient for that will turn round branch It holds and is connect with stationary part, guide rod can be removed later, can also will plug other mounting holes of guide rod also by bolt Connection, to complete the installation of pivoting support.Since pivoting support is in a vertical state in installation process, it is possible to reduce revolution branch The space occupied is held, while only needing to adjust the length for the lockset for being connected to hoisting axis both ends during the installation process, so that it may be adjusted The posture of whole pivoting support makes pivoting support keep vertical state, therefore operation is also simple, conducive to the installation of pivoting support.
Detailed description of the invention
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for For those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other Attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the mounting tool of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of use schematic diagram of the mounting tool of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of hoisting axis provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of installation method flow chart of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of bolt locking sequential schematic of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with attached drawing to embodiment party of the present invention Formula is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the mounting tool of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1, The mounting tool includes lifting part 20.
Lifting part 20 includes hoisting axis 21, and the length of hoisting axis 21 is greater than the axial length of pivoting support 10 to be installed.
The centre of hoisting axis 21 has extended radially outward more support rods 22, week of the more support rods 22 along hoisting axis 21 It is arranged to interval, and more support rods 22 are coplanar, one end of the separate hoisting axis 21 of each support rod 22 is provided with connecting plate 23, connecting plate 23 is annular in fan, is provided with multiple through-hole 23a on each connecting plate 23, each through-hole 23a is away from hoisting axis 21 Inner ring of the mounting hole 11a away from pivoting support 10 to be installed on the inner ring 11 of the distance of axis and pivoting support 10 to be installed 11 center of circle is equidistant.
Fig. 2 is a kind of mounting tool of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention using schematic diagram, as shown in Fig. 2, The mounting tool further includes more guide rods 30, and lifting part 20 and guide rod 30 are separate structure.In the axial direction of hoisting axis 21, Distance of the length of every guide rod 30 at least more than the end face of one end of connecting plate 23 to hoisting axis 21.
By setting lifting part and guide rod, lifting part includes hoisting axis and more support rods extending radially outward, One end of the separate hoisting axis of support rod is provided with connecting plate, is provided with through-hole on connecting plate, due to the through-hole on connecting plate away from With a distance from the axis of hoisting axis in the pivoting support to be installed with the mounting hole spacing on the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed The center of circle of circle is equidistant, and allows to for the through-hole on connecting plate being aligned with the mounting hole on the inner ring of pivoting support, is led to It crosses bolt and lifting part and pivoting support is connected as an entirety, so as to connect the lockset of lifting on hoisting axis, with Vertical lifting pivoting support.When installing pivoting support, the stationary part of the equipment of adjustable pivoting support to be installed, so that On stationary part for connect pivoting support surface it is in a vertical state, by by pivoting support with vertical state be hoisted to For connecting the peace of the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed on mounting hole and stationary part on the outer ring of the pivoting support of installation Fill hole alignment, due to every guide rod length at least more than connecting plate to hoisting axis one end end face distance, can It is used to connect on the mounting hole and stationary part on outer ring more guide rods to be plugged to pivoting support to be installed simultaneously In the mounting hole of the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed, so as to remove lifting part, pass through more guide rod support revolution branch Hold, by pushing pivoting support along guide rod so that pivoting support is contacted with stationary part, be convenient for by pivoting support with it is static Part connects, and can remove guide rod later, can also by other mounting holes for plugging guide rod also by being bolted, thus Complete the installation of pivoting support.Since pivoting support is in a vertical state in installation process, it is possible to reduce what pivoting support occupied Space, while only needing to adjust the length for the lockset for being connected to hoisting axis both ends during the installation process, so that it may adjustment revolution branch The posture held makes pivoting support keep vertical state, therefore operation is also simple, conducive to the installation of pivoting support.
It should be noted that stationary part in relatively turnable two parts, is first installed with pivoting support in equipment The part got up can be any one part in the two parts, on the other side, install afterwards with pivoting support Another part come is properly termed as rotating part.
When realization, guide rod 30, which is inserted on one end of stationary part 13, can be set screw thread, guide rod 30 be screwed in static It, can be to avoid the pine of guide rod 30 in mounting hole 12a on part 13 for the outer ring 12 for connecting pivoting support 10 to be installed It is dynamic.The part being located at except stationary part 13 on guide rod 30 then can be polished rod.
As shown in Fig. 2, the twice annular groove 21a coaxial with hoisting axis 21 can be set on hoisting axis 21, twice annular Between slot 21a is located at the two sides of 22 place plane of more support rods, and twice annular groove 21a is in the axial direction of hoisting axis 21 Away from the axial length for being greater than pivoting support 10 to be installed.By the way that annular groove 21a is arranged on hoisting axis 21, so as to convenient The connection of lockset and hoisting axis 21, and lockset is avoided to slip from hoisting axis 21.
Preferably, twice annular groove 21a can be arranged symmetrically about more 22 place planes of support rod.It in this way can be in order to When lifting pivoting support 10, adjustment keeps pivoting support 10 in a vertical state.
It is easily understood that the center of gravity of pivoting support 10 is not since connecting plate 23 is connected to the side of pivoting support 10 In the plane where connecting plate 23, but it is located at the side of the close pivoting support 10 of connecting plate 23, therefore is locked in connection When tool, by taking wirerope as an example, if only using steel cable, the both ends of wirerope are connected on hoisting axis 21, and incite somebody to action The middle part of wirerope is triggered by suspension hook, then the meeting of pivoting support 10 run-off the straight, is not easy to the installation of pivoting support 10, is lifting When pivoting support 10, it is preferred to use two wirerope are separately connected the both ends of suspension hook and hoisting axis 21, and the length of two wirerope Spend identical, after ensuring lifting, pivoting support 10 is in a vertical state.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of hoisting axis provided in an embodiment of the present invention.As shown in figure 3, lifting part 20 may be used also To include two sliding sleeves 211, two sliding sleeves 211 are rotatably sleeved on hoisting axis 21, and are distinguished in each annular groove 21a It is provided with a sliding sleeve 211.By the way that sliding sleeve 211 is arranged in annular groove 21a, since sliding sleeve 211 can opposite 21 turns of hoisting axis It is dynamic, so that lockset is connected on sliding sleeve 211, after slinging pivoting support 10, it can be convenient rotation pivoting support 10, make For connecting the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed on mounting hole and stationary part on the outer ring of pivoting support 10 to be installed Mounting hole alignment.
When realization, for the ease of the installation of sliding sleeve 211, hoisting axis 21 can be designed as made of multistage axis coaxial welding Structure after sliding sleeve 211 is sleeved on hoisting axis 21, then completes the welding of hoisting axis 21, avoids sliding sleeve 211 and hoisting axis 21 Separation.In addition it is also possible to which sliding sleeve 211 is designed as the structure that two semi-rings are spliced, two semi-rings are buckled in annular relatively In slot 21a, then by two semi-rings welded connectings at sliding sleeve 211.
Further, rope groove 211a is also provided on the outer wall of sliding sleeve 211.So as to facilitate lockset and sliding sleeve 211 connection, and during avoiding lifting, lockset slides on sliding sleeve 211.
As shown in Figure 1, multiple through-hole 23a on each connecting plate 23 can be about the support rod 22 connecting with connecting plate 23 Axisymmetrical arrangement.The gravity of pivoting support 10 can be made preferably to pass through connecting plate 23 in this way and be transmitted to support rod 22 On, avoid the junction of connecting plate 23 and support rod 22 from occurring deforming or be broken.
In addition, the cross-sectional area of one end of the separate hoisting axis 21 of more support rods 22 can be greater than close to hoisting axis 21 The cross-sectional area of one end.It can be convenient the connection of connecting plate 23 Yu support rod 22 in this way, increase connecting plate 23 and support rod 22 Contact area, the junction for further avoiding connecting plate 23 and support rod 22 occur deforming or be broken.
When realization, support rod 22 can be prismatic component, such as in the present embodiment, support rod 22 is quadrangular, at it The section of support rod 22 is also possible to round or ellipse in his embodiment.
Further, it can connect floor 24 between support rod 22 and hoisting axis 21, support rod 22 can be increased in this way With the structural strength of the junction of hoisting axis 21, avoid being broken between support rod 22 and hoisting axis 21.
Preferably, more support rods 22 equiangularly spaced can be arranged, and be conducive to lifting part 20 in this way and uniformly carry back The gravity for turning bearing 10, keeps the structure of lifting part 20 stronger.
When realization, lifting part 20 includes at least 3 support rods 22, and in the present embodiment, lifting part 20 includes 4 support rods 22, in other embodiments, greater number of support rod 22 also can be set.
Optionally, support rod 22 and hoisting axis 21 can be by being welded to connect, and support rod 22 can also lead to connecting plate 23 Cross welded connecting.
Fig. 4 is a kind of installation method flow chart of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention, which uses Fig. 1 Mounting tool shown in~3 carries out, as shown in figure 4, the installation method includes:
S11: adjusting the stationary part of the equipment of pivoting support to be installed, makes on stationary part for installing pivoting support Surface is in a vertical state.
It should be noted that the pivoting support in horizontality when for work, the stationary part of equipment can be inclined , make the surface for being used to install pivoting support on stationary part in a vertical state, in other states when for work, such as The pivoting support of inclination or vertical state, can adjust the modes of emplacement of stationary part by the stationary part of rotating machinery, Keep the surface for being used to install pivoting support on stationary part in a vertical state, and towards the position being easily installed, to facilitate peace Fill pivoting support.
S12: the through-hole on connecting plate is aligned with the mounting hole on the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed and passes through bolt Connection.
By the way that the inner ring of connecting plate and pivoting support is connected, so that hoisting axis is in coaxial state with pivoting support, It can be convenient the lifting of pivoting support in subsequent step.
S13: in the lockset of the both ends of hoisting axis connection lifting, pivoting support to be installed is sling by lifting appliance.
Optionally, used lockset can be but be not limited to wirerope, hawser.Lifting appliance can be for installing The crane of pivoting support, such as hydraulic crane, electric hoist.
S14: mobile pivoting support to be installed makes the mounting hole and stationary part on the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed On for connect pivoting support to be installed outer ring mounting hole alignment.
Preferably, lifting appliance can be electric hoist, and electric hoist can usually be moved along track, easy to operate, can In order to pivoting support mobile after lifting by crane, the height and position of pivoting support is adjusted.
S15: it will be used on mounting hole and stationary part that more guide rods are inserted on the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed In the mounting hole of outer ring for connecting pivoting support to be installed.
When realization, screw thread can be set on one end of guide rod insertion stationary part, guide rod is screwed on stationary part It, can be to avoid the loosening of guide rod in the mounting hole of outer ring for connecting pivoting support to be installed.It is located on guide rod quiet The outer part of stop point can be then polished rod, facilitate and push pivoting support in subsequent step.
S16: lifting part is removed, pivoting support to be installed is pushed along the axial direction of guide rod, makes pivoting support to be installed It is moved to and is contacted with stationary part.
After removing lifting part, the gravity of pivoting support is carried by guide rod.
S17: it is bolted on the outer ring and stationary part of pivoting support to be installed for connecting to be installed return Turn the mounting hole of the outer ring of bearing, and removes more guide rods.
It can be using diagonally stubborn bolt method when connecting bolt.So that the precision of pivoting support installation is higher.
Fig. 5 is a kind of bolt locking sequential schematic of pivoting support provided in an embodiment of the present invention, the digital table in figure Show the sequence for being screwed into bolt, digital 1 corresponding mounting hole first is screwed into bolt, and digital 2 corresponding mounting holes second are screwed into Bolt, and so on.As shown in figure 5, in the present embodiment, needing to twist 56 bolts altogether on the outer ring of pivoting support.Preferably, 56 bolts are divided at least 4 groups to lock.
Specifically, step S17 may include:
Step 1: 56 mounting holes on the outer ring of pivoting support are divided into first group be circumferentially distributed (in such as Fig. 5 A), second group (B in such as Fig. 5), third group (C in such as Fig. 5) and the 4th group (D in such as Fig. 5), every group includes continuous row 14 mounting holes of column.
Step 2: bolt is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in the 4th group of 3 mounting holes in the first set.
Bolt is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in second group of 3 mounting holes in third group.
Bolt is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in first group of 3 mounting holes in the second set.
Bolt is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in 3 mounting holes of third group in the 4th group.
Step 3: in the first set in the 4th group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt along clockwise direction by It is a to be screwed into bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in second group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in third group Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in first group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in the second set Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt of third group in the 4th group Bolt.
Step 4: in the first set in the 4th group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt along clockwise direction by It is a to be screwed into bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in second group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in third group Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in first group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in the second set Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt of third group in the 4th group Bolt.
Step 5: in the first set in the 4th group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt along clockwise direction by It is a to be screwed into bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in second group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in third group Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in first group of 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in the second set Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in 3 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt of third group in the 4th group Bolt.
Step 6: in the first set in the 4th group of 2 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt along clockwise direction by It is a to be screwed into bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in second group of 2 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in third group Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in first group of 2 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt in the second set Bolt.
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in 2 mounting holes for not being screwed into bolt of third group in the 4th group Bolt.
It should be noted that will installed due to being inserted with guide rod in the part mounting hole on the outer ring of pivoting support When hole is grouped, the mounting hole for being inserted with guide rod should be averagely divided into every group, make plugging including identical quantity in every group There is the mounting hole of guide rod, when being screwed into bolt, the mounting hole for being inserted with guide rod, which can be not counted in, " is not screwed into the installation of bolt Hole ", for example, in the first set, being inserted with guide rod in the 4th group of the 3rd mounting hole along clockwise direction, then When being screwed into bolt one by one along clockwise direction in the 4th group of 3 mounting holes in one group, it should skip and be inserted with guiding The bolt of bar, and bolt is screwed into the first two mounting hole and the latter mounting hole of guide rod.Guide rod will be not being plugged It is all screwed into after bolt in mounting hole, all guide rods can be taken out, and be screwed into bolt one by one in a manner of cornerwise.
In the present embodiment, 4 guide rods are provided with, 4 guide rods are located in first group near second group One mounting hole, a mounting hole in second group in a mounting hole of third group, third group near the 4th group, In 4th group in first group of a mounting hole, therefore, step 6 above-mentioned may include:
Spiral shell is screwed into one by one along clockwise direction in the 4th group of 1 mounting hole for not being screwed into bolt in the first set Bolt.
Bolt is screwed into second group of 1 mounting hole for not being screwed into bolt in third group.
Bolt is screwed into first group of 1 mounting hole for not being screwed into bolt in the second set.
Bolt is screwed into 1 mounting hole for not being screwed into bolt of third group in the 4th group.
Remove more guide rods.
Bolt is screwed into last 1 mounting hole in the first set.
Bolt is screwed into last 1 mounting hole in third group.
Bolt is screwed into last 1 mounting hole in the second set.
Bolt is screwed into last 1 mounting hole in the 4th group.
By setting lifting part and guide rod, lifting part includes hoisting axis and more support rods extending radially outward, One end of the separate hoisting axis of support rod is provided with connecting plate, is provided with through-hole on connecting plate, due to the through-hole on connecting plate away from With a distance from the axis of hoisting axis in the pivoting support to be installed with the mounting hole spacing on the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed The center of circle of circle is equidistant, and allows to for the through-hole on connecting plate being aligned with the mounting hole on the inner ring of pivoting support, is led to It crosses bolt and lifting part and pivoting support is connected as an entirety, so as to connect the lockset of lifting on hoisting axis, with Vertical lifting pivoting support.When installing pivoting support, the stationary part of the equipment of adjustable pivoting support to be installed, so that On stationary part for connect pivoting support surface it is in a vertical state, by by pivoting support with vertical state be hoisted to For connecting the peace of the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed on mounting hole and stationary part on the outer ring of the pivoting support of installation Fill hole alignment, due to every guide rod length at least more than connecting plate to hoisting axis one end end face distance, can It is used to connect on the mounting hole and stationary part on outer ring more guide rods to be plugged to pivoting support to be installed simultaneously In the mounting hole of the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed, so as to remove lifting part, pass through more guide rod support revolution branch Hold, by pushing pivoting support along guide rod so that pivoting support is contacted with stationary part, be convenient for by pivoting support with it is static Part connects, and can remove guide rod later, can also by other mounting holes for plugging guide rod also by being bolted, thus Complete the installation of pivoting support.Since pivoting support is in a vertical state in installation process, it is possible to reduce what pivoting support occupied Space, while only needing to adjust the length for the lockset for being connected to hoisting axis both ends during the installation process, so that it may adjustment revolution branch The posture held makes pivoting support keep vertical state, therefore operation is also simple, conducive to the installation of pivoting support.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of mounting tool of pivoting support, which is characterized in that the mounting tool includes lifting part (20) and more guiding Bar (30), the lifting part (20) and the guide rod (30) are separate structure, and the lifting part (20) includes hoisting axis (21), The length of the hoisting axis (21) is greater than the axial length of pivoting support to be installed, and the centre of the hoisting axis (21) is radially It is outward extended with more support rods (22), more support rods (22) being provided at circumferentially spaced along the hoisting axis (21), and The more support rods (22) are coplanar, and one end far from the hoisting axis (21) of each support rod (22) is provided with company Fishplate bar (23), the connecting plate (23) is annular in fan, is provided with multiple through-holes (23a) on each connecting plate (23), often Peace in the distance of a axis of the through-hole (23a) away from the hoisting axis (21) and the inner ring of the pivoting support to be installed The center of circle of the inner ring of pivoting support to be installed described in dress pitch-row is equidistant, in the axial direction of the hoisting axis (21), often The length of guide rod described in root (30) at least more than the connecting plate (23) to the hoisting axis (21) one end end face away from From;The both ends of the hoisting axis (21) are used to connect the lockset of lifting, to lift by crane the pivoting support vertically.
2. the mounting tool of pivoting support according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided on the hoisting axis (21) The twice annular groove (21a) coaxial with the hoisting axis (21), the twice annular groove (21a) are located at the more supports The two sides of plane where bar (22), and spacing of the twice annular groove (21a) in the axial direction of the hoisting axis (21) is greater than The axial length of the pivoting support to be installed.
3. the mounting tool of pivoting support according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the twice annular groove (21a) is closed The plane where the more support rods (22) is arranged symmetrically.
4. the mounting tool of pivoting support according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the lifting part (20) further includes two A sliding sleeve (211), described two sliding sleeves (211) are rotatably sleeved on the hoisting axis (21), and each annular The sliding sleeve (211) is respectively arranged in slot (21a).
5. the mounting tool of pivoting support according to claim 4, which is characterized in that on the outer wall of the sliding sleeve (211) It is provided with rope groove (211a).
6. the mounting tool of described in any item pivoting supports according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that each connection Axisymmetrical cloth of the multiple through-hole (23a) about the support rod (22) being connect with the connecting plate (23) on plate (23) It sets.
7. the mounting tool of described in any item pivoting supports according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that the more supports Bar (22) equiangularly spaced setting.
8. the mounting tool of described in any item pivoting supports according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that the more supports The cross-sectional area of one end far from the hoisting axis (21) of bar (22) is greater than close to the transversal of the one end of the hoisting axis (21) Area.
9. the mounting tool of described in any item pivoting supports according to claim 1~5, which is characterized in that the support rod (22) it is connected between the hoisting axis (21) floor (24).
10. a kind of installation method of pivoting support, which is characterized in that the installation method is using any one of claim 1~9 institute The mounting tool stated carries out, and the installation method includes:
The stationary part for adjusting the equipment of pivoting support to be installed makes on the stationary part for installing the surface of pivoting support It is in a vertical state;
Through-hole on connecting plate is aligned and is bolted with the mounting hole on the inner ring of the pivoting support to be installed;
In the lockset of the both ends of hoisting axis connection lifting, the pivoting support to be installed is sling by lifting appliance;
The mobile pivoting support to be installed, make mounting hole on the outer ring of the pivoting support to be installed with it is described static For connecting the mounting hole alignment of the outer ring of pivoting support to be installed on part;
It the mounting hole more guide rods being inserted on the outer ring of the pivoting support to be installed and is used on the stationary part In the mounting hole of outer ring for connecting pivoting support to be installed;
The lifting part is removed, the pivoting support to be installed is pushed along the axial direction of the guide rod, makes described to be installed Pivoting support is moved to be contacted with the stationary part;
It is bolted on the outer ring and the stationary part of the pivoting support to be installed for connecting to be installed return Turn the mounting hole of the outer ring of bearing, and removes the more guide rods.
CN201710501941.7A 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 A kind of mounting tool and installation method of pivoting support Active CN107416664B (en)

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CN111015047A (en) * 2019-10-14 2020-04-17 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Welding tool and welding method for combustion chamber shell of gas turbine

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203806966U (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-09-03 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Wind driven generator foundation anchor plate transportation and storage device
CN205419526U (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-08-03 安徽省宣城市乾坤回转支承有限公司 Anchor clamps that lift by crane, overturn of slewing bearing annular work piece
CN206069186U (en) * 2016-07-31 2017-04-05 马鞍山华东回转支承有限公司 A kind of pivoting support lifts carrying tooling

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203806966U (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-09-03 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Wind driven generator foundation anchor plate transportation and storage device
CN205419526U (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-08-03 安徽省宣城市乾坤回转支承有限公司 Anchor clamps that lift by crane, overturn of slewing bearing annular work piece
CN206069186U (en) * 2016-07-31 2017-04-05 马鞍山华东回转支承有限公司 A kind of pivoting support lifts carrying tooling

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