CN107325544A - A kind of preparation method and application method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method and application method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107325544A
CN107325544A CN201710773977.0A CN201710773977A CN107325544A CN 107325544 A CN107325544 A CN 107325544A CN 201710773977 A CN201710773977 A CN 201710773977A CN 107325544 A CN107325544 A CN 107325544A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
insulating materials
blast protection
preparation
protection capacitor
added
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Pending
Application number
CN201710773977.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪六
汪六一
宋从发
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Anhui Zhibo New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Anhui Zhibo New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710773977.0A priority Critical patent/CN107325544A/en
Publication of CN107325544A publication Critical patent/CN107325544A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L77/00Compositions of polyamides obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic amide link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L77/02Polyamides derived from omega-amino carboxylic acids or from lactams thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/20Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • C08L2205/035Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend containing four or more polymers in a blend
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/14Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing polymeric additives characterised by shape
    • C08L2205/16Fibres; Fibrils

Abstract

The present invention relates to capacitor technology field, and in particular to a kind of blast protection capacitor insulating materials, insulating materials is made up of (mass percent) following components:5% PAG, 5% polyethylene, 20% mica particles, 15% ethylene propylene diene rubber, 5% polyurethane, 10% epoxy resin, 5% use m-xylene diamine, 10% polybutadiene system resin, 10% modified polyamide imide resin, 5% cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, 2% adhesive, 3% antioxidant, 5% modified composite fiber.The insulating materials caking property that preparation technology of the present invention is obtained is good and not easy to crack, and the insulating properties of material are very good.

Description

A kind of preparation method and application method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials
Technical field:
The present invention relates to capacitor technology field, and in particular to a kind of preparation method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials And application method.
Background technology:
Capacitor, normally referred to as electric capacity, are a kind of electric elements of usage amount maximum in electronic equipment, are widely used in In terms of separated by direct communication in circuit, coupling, bypass, filtering, resonant tank, energy conversion and control.
In the prior art, capacitor is made up of cap, housing and core body, all can leading-out terminal on general cap Pin, for being connected in circuit, but the pin of capacitor is typically all to be directly welded on core body.AC capacitor by In the limitation of its realization principle, situations such as there is flaw in overvoltage, overcurrent, too high environment temperature, material aging, material Under, because burning situation of generating heat can occur for overload, aging of wiring etc., overtemperature can be drawn with capacitor internal is slowly guided to The accidents such as the on fire, blast of capacitor are played, causes household appliances on fire, life and property loss is brought to user.And permanent In use, after aging fracture occurs in pin, whole capacitor typically can be all changed, but capacitor is not occurred itself Failure, therefore, produces unnecessary waste.
For the capacitor of some small volumes, because structure is simpler, its encapsulating material is difficult to possess high machinery by force Degree, and due to small volume, it is difficult to blast resistance construction is set.When circuit or capacitor break down in itself cause capacitor overheat or When triggering the burning of capacitor internal filler, it is most likely that cause capacitor to explode.Blast can not only produce spark and draw Because the line conductor in circuit is outside capacitor after ignition calamity, and blast, short circuit may occur for circuit, and improve The occurrence probability of fire.Accordingly, it would be desirable to a kind of structure of anti-explosion short-circuit-prevention is designed the characteristics of for button capacitor, can be effective Ground reduction capacitor faults explosion time triggers the probability of fire.
Insulating materials is needed to use in blast protection capacitor at present, but existing insulating materials insulating properties are inadequate It is preferable.
The content of the invention:
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to overcome existing technological deficiency to use there is provided a kind of blast protection capacitor The preparation method and application method of insulating materials.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are realized using following technical scheme:
A kind of preparation method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) polyamide, isocyanates, polyacrylate, ABS resin are added in mixer, enters high-speed stirred;
(2) material after stirring is added into heater, and polycaprolactam, PPG, poly- Asia is added to heater It is alkyl diol, polybutadiene system resin, dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, adhesive, anti- Oxygen agent, modified composite fiber, and into heater above-mentioned total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then adjusted with sodium hydroxide Compound PH is saved between 8-9, boiling 5-10 minutes;
(3) the material feeding double-screw extruding pelletizing after above-mentioned heating is taken out, insulating materials is obtained.
Insulating materials is made up of (mass percent) following components:5% polyamide, 5% isocyanates, 20% gather oneself Lactams, 15% PPG, 5% polyacrylate, 10%ABS resins, 5% PAG, 10% polybutadiene It is resin, 10% dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, 5% cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, 2% adhesive, 3% antioxygen Agent, 5% modified composite fiber.
It is applied to after the heating fusing by insulating materials outside metallic rod, after after insulating materials solidification.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:The insulating materials caking property that preparation technology of the present invention is obtained is good and not easy to crack, The insulating properties of material are very good.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 close-up schematic view.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
, it is necessary to explanation in description of the invention, the orientation of instruction such as term " vertical ", " on ", " under ", " level " or Person's position relationship is, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be for only for ease of this practicality of description and simplify description, Rather than indicate or imply that the device or element of meaning must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and behaviour Make, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, " first ", " second ", " the 3rd ", " the 4th " are only used for describing mesh , and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.
In description of the invention, in addition it is also necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clear and definite regulation and limitation, term " setting ", " peace Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integratedly Connection, can be mechanical connection or electrical connection, can be directly connected to or be connected by intermediary, can To be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, it can understand above-mentioned as the case may be The concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of preparation method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) polyamide, isocyanates, polyacrylate, ABS resin are added in mixer, enters high-speed stirred;
(2) material after stirring is added into heater, and polycaprolactam, PPG, poly- Asia is added to heater It is alkyl diol, polybutadiene system resin, dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, adhesive, anti- Oxygen agent, modified composite fiber, and into heater above-mentioned total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then adjusted with sodium hydroxide Compound PH is saved between 8-9, boiling 5-10 minutes;
(3) the material feeding double-screw extruding pelletizing after above-mentioned heating is taken out, insulating materials is obtained.
Insulating materials is made up of (mass percent) following components:5% polyamide, 5% isocyanates, 20% gather oneself Lactams, 15% PPG, 5% polyacrylate, 10%ABS resins, 5% PAG, 10% polybutadiene It is resin, 10% dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, 5% cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, 2% adhesive, 3% antioxygen Agent, 5% modified composite fiber.
Modified fibre is added salt acid soak 3-5 hours of 3.5% concentration by pumpkin vinc fiber, the bamboo-carbon fibre dried, so Afterwards with sodium hydrate regulator solution pH value in 7.1-7.2, composite fibre drying is then pulled out.
It will be applied to after insulating materials heating fusing outside metallic rod, after after insulating materials solidification.
Embodiment two
A kind of preparation method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) polyamide, isocyanates, polyacrylate, ABS resin are added in mixer, enters high-speed stirred;
(2) material after stirring is added into heater, and polycaprolactam, PPG, poly- Asia is added to heater It is alkyl diol, polybutadiene system resin, dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, adhesive, anti- Oxygen agent, modified composite fiber, and into heater above-mentioned total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then adjusted with sodium hydroxide Compound PH is saved between 8-9, boiling 5-10 minutes is subsequently cooled to 60-70 DEG C, is added followed by total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then again boiling 5-10 minutes;
(3) the material feeding double-screw extruding pelletizing after above-mentioned heating is taken out, insulating materials is obtained.
Insulating materials is made up of (mass percent) following components:5% polyamide, 5% isocyanates, 20% gather oneself Lactams, 15% PPG, 5% polyacrylate, 10%ABS resins, 5% PAG, 10% polybutadiene It is resin, 10% dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, 5% cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, 2% adhesive, 3% antioxygen Agent, 5% modified composite fiber.
It will be applied to after insulating materials heating fusing outside metallic rod, after after insulating materials solidification.
Embodiment three
As shown in accompanying drawing 1,2, as another embodiment of the present invention, a kind of blast protection capacitor, including housing 1 and envelope Capacitor core 2 in housing 1, housing 1 is provided with pin 3, and the top of housing 1, which is provided with, to be used to cover the protective cover 4 for setting pin 3, The upper surface of protective cover 4 is provided with outer solder joint 5, and outer solder joint 5, which is welded with external connection 6, protective cover 5, is provided with oviduct 7, in protective cover 4 Portion is located at the outer lower section of solder joint 5 and is provided with air bag 8, and outer solder joint 5 is also electrically connected with internal wiring 9, the top stub end parcel of oviduct 7 Firmly air bag 8 and internal wiring 9, the outer wall of oviduct 7 are surrounded by insulation material, and the bottom osculum end of oviduct 7 is provided with solder joint 10, solder joint 10 Side is from the side wall of oviduct 7 provided with a distance from, and gap of the internal wiring 9 between solder joint 10 and oviduct 7 is down stretched out and electrically connected It is connected between pin 3, two solder joints 10 and is welded with weight bar 11, internal wiring 9 is through weight bar 11 and fixed to weight bar 11.Just because of protecting The heat insulation effect of adiabator, it is ensured that heat, which is almost fully transmitted to solder joint, to be used to melt solder joint, and hot-air is down moved When due to oviduct cross-sectional constriction, hot-air quickly can down move to be formed butt welding point and weight bar percussion, further It ensure that weight bar moves down drive internal wiring and departs from outer solder joint.Internal wiring outer wall is coated with insulating materials.
The material of solder joint 10 and outer solder joint 5 is tin.Tin fusing point is low, and absorbing heat can melt quickly.
Oviduct 7 is made up of insulating materials.
When external connection is due to overload or aging appearance heating burning situation, when burning outer solder joint, outer solder joint, which melts, burns broken Air bag, air bag air is spilt, heat air, because loudspeaker infratubal port is small, and hot-air quickly can down spray simultaneously Melt solder joint, solder joint thawing loosens, then heavy bar, which drops, drives internal wiring to depart from outer solder joint, is thus disconnected capacitor and outer Portion's power supply, prevents capacitor blast on fire.
Weight bar 11 is made up of coated insulation plastics outside metallic rod, the preparation method of the insulating materials, it is characterised in that bag Include following steps:
(1) polyamide, isocyanates, polyacrylate, ABS resin are added in mixer, enters high-speed stirred;
(2) material after stirring is added into heater, and polycaprolactam, PPG, poly- Asia is added to heater It is alkyl diol, polybutadiene system resin, dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, adhesive, anti- Oxygen agent, modified composite fiber, and into heater above-mentioned total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then adjusted with sodium hydroxide Compound PH is saved between 8-9, boiling 5-10 minutes is subsequently cooled to 60-70 DEG C, is added followed by total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then again boiling 5-10 minutes;
(3) the material feeding double-screw extruding pelletizing after above-mentioned heating is taken out, insulating materials is obtained.
Insulating materials is made up of (mass percent) following components:5% polyamide, 5% isocyanates, 20% gather oneself Lactams, 15% PPG, 5% polyacrylate, 10%ABS resins, 5% PAG, 10% polybutadiene It is resin, 10% dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, 5% cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, 2% adhesive, 3% antioxygen Agent, 5% modified composite fiber.
It will be applied to after insulating materials heating fusing outside metallic rod, after after insulating materials solidification.
Experiment
The insulating materials of the metal tube outer cladding of embodiment one, two, three is detected, and with hair of the prior art Insulating materials disclosed in bright patent, application publication number the CN 102918084A, data of publication of application 2013.02.06 of the patent of invention Embodiment 19 be compared, it is as a result as follows:
It can be seen that, the insulating materials insulating properties of the embodiment of the present invention one, two, three, softening resistance are very good.
The general principle and principal character and advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of preparation method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) polyamide, isocyanates, polyacrylate, ABS resin are added in mixer, enters high-speed stirred;
(2) material after stirring is added into heater, and polycaprolactam, PPG, polyalkylene is added to heater Glycol, polybutadiene system resin, dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, adhesive, antioxygen Agent, modified composite fiber, and into heater above-mentioned total weight of material percentage 1% carboxylic acid, then adjusted with sodium hydroxide Compound PH is between 8-9, boiling 5-10 minutes;
(3) the material feeding double-screw extruding pelletizing after above-mentioned heating is taken out, insulating materials is obtained.
2. a kind of preparation method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that insulation Material is made up of (mass percent) following components:5% polyamide, 5% isocyanates, 20% polycaprolactam, 15% PPG, 5% polyacrylate, 10%ABS resins, 5% PAG, 10% polybutadiene system resin, 10% Dioctylis sulfosuccinas natricus, 5% cyclohexane cyclohexanedimethanodibasic 2-glycidyl ester, 2% adhesive, 3% antioxidant, 5% are modified again Condensating fiber.
3. the application method of a kind of blast protection capacitor insulating materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described It will be applied to after insulating materials heating fusing outside metallic rod, after after insulating materials solidification.
CN201710773977.0A 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of preparation method and application method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials Pending CN107325544A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710773977.0A CN107325544A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of preparation method and application method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710773977.0A CN107325544A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of preparation method and application method of blast protection capacitor insulating materials

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CN107325544A true CN107325544A (en) 2017-11-07

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102399428A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-04-04 铜陵市三盛电子有限公司 Modified polycarbonate material for producing locomotive capacitor shell
CN102399429A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-04-04 铜陵市三盛电子有限公司 Modified polycarbonate composition for manufacturing locomotive capacitor shell
CN103601991A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-26 安徽东方金河精密机械制造有限公司 Novel environment protective sealing ring for capacitor and preparation method thereof
CN105348598A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 淮安盛宇电子有限公司 Modifying agent for thin-film capacitor potting material and preparation method thereof
CN106519600A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-03-22 安徽飞达电气科技有限公司 A high-performance capacitor plastic housing

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102399428A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-04-04 铜陵市三盛电子有限公司 Modified polycarbonate material for producing locomotive capacitor shell
CN102399429A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-04-04 铜陵市三盛电子有限公司 Modified polycarbonate composition for manufacturing locomotive capacitor shell
CN103601991A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-26 安徽东方金河精密机械制造有限公司 Novel environment protective sealing ring for capacitor and preparation method thereof
CN105348598A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 淮安盛宇电子有限公司 Modifying agent for thin-film capacitor potting material and preparation method thereof
CN106519600A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-03-22 安徽飞达电气科技有限公司 A high-performance capacitor plastic housing

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Application publication date: 20171107

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