CN107313642A - Set up the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit - Google Patents

Set up the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107313642A
CN107313642A CN201710533690.0A CN201710533690A CN107313642A CN 107313642 A CN107313642 A CN 107313642A CN 201710533690 A CN201710533690 A CN 201710533690A CN 107313642 A CN107313642 A CN 107313642A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
viscid
board
plate
unit
power consumption
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710533690.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张瑞甫
赵志鹏
陈清军
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Tongji University
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Tongji University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tongji University filed Critical Tongji University
Priority to CN201710533690.0A priority Critical patent/CN107313642A/en
Publication of CN107313642A publication Critical patent/CN107313642A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • E04H9/0215Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings involving active or passive dynamic mass damping systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • E04H9/023Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings and comprising rolling elements, e.g. balls, pins

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of for civil engineering, a kind of board-like viscid damping device for setting up gear type inertance element of energy infrastructure, the device includes upper junction plate, lower connecting plate, gear type inertance element, outer steel plate, interior steel plate and high viscosity liquid.Outer steel plate, interior steel plate and high viscosity liquid constitute board-like viscid power consumption unit, and two groups of board-like viscid power consumption units that this damper device both sides are set are placed in the middle of upper and lower connecting plate, and interior steel plate and outer steel plate are respectively overall with upper and lower connecting plate consolidation.Two groups of board-like viscid power consumption unit intermediate arrangement gear type inertance elements.The present invention is made up of board-like viscid power consumption unit, gear type inertance element, makes full use of two node quality synergy units of gear type inertance element to absorb vibrational energy, utilizes board-like viscid power consumption unit dissipation energy.The present invention can be effectively reduced the dynamic response of structure, relative storey displacement be controlled, with preferable application value.

Description

Set up the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit
Technical field
Belonging civil engineering structure energy-dissipating and shock-absorbing technical field of the invention.
Background technology
Energy-eliminating shock-absorbing technology, is the additional energy-eliminating shock-absorbing device in structure, and additional vibration absorber and structure are held jointly in itself The effect such as earthquake and wind shake is carried on a shoulder pole, by the power consumption effect of additional vibration absorber so as to reduce the dynamic response of structure in itself, it is ensured that The functional requirements such as the security of structure, comfortableness and normal usage.This area inertia damping device is used as a kind of acceleration The energy-consuming shock absorber of dependent form, its inertance element is a kind of two node units with quality building capability.Existing quality The mechanism of synergy, mainly use ball screw and rotation nut by the radial motion of structure be converted to the rotary motion of high speed from And the effectively vibrational energy of dissipative structure, but such damper machining accuracy is high, its viscous damping used power consumption list Member requires high closure, and cavity internal pressure is high.The viscid power consumption unit of Conventional plate-type is when occurring relative displacement, and interior steel plate exists Slip in viscid material is so as to produce the damping force being directly proportional to sliding speed, but often energy dissipation capacity is not enough under the low speed.
In order to solve the above problems, technical solution of the present invention is given, is dissipated using traditional board-like viscous damping unit Energy, additional design is a set of or some set quality efficiency improving mechanisms, and joint constitutes a kind of new inertia damping device.
The content of the invention
Present invention aims at provide a kind of inertia damping device for setting up board-like viscid unit.
The present invention needs technical scheme to be protected to be summarised as:
A kind of inertia damping device for setting up board-like viscid unit, including some board-like viscid power consumption units, upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2), board-like viscid power consumption unit is fixed on structure wall body by upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2) It is interior, it is characterised in that to be also devised with some gear type inertance elements as the efficiency improving mechanism of board-like viscid power consumption unit.
The present invention compared with prior art, with advantages below and beneficial effect:
1. the present invention (is quality efficiency improving mechanism, increase power consumption is single by board-like viscid power consumption unit, gear type inertance element First energy dissipation capacity) and installing and connecting apparatus composition, make full use of two node quality synergy units of gear type inertance element to inhale Vibrational energy is received, board-like viscous damping power consumption unit dissipation energy is utilized.
2. the consumption of board-like viscous damping power consumption unit can be effectively improved by the synergistic effect of inertia damping device Can ability, while inertia damping device is capable of the input energy of effectively transfer organization, sound of the reduction structure under effect of vibration Should.
3. gear type inertance element actual installation quality is small, low to device feature machining needs, quality synergistic effect Significantly and it can easily be accommodated, using the teaching of the invention it is possible to provide effective controling power.
It 4. apparatus of the present invention set convenient, flexible, can effectively absorb and the vibrational energy that dissipates, device gyrating mass is small, have There is preferable application value.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention.
Label in figure:
1 upper junction plate, 2 lower connecting plates;
4 top tooth plates, 5 lower support plates, 6 gyrating masses, 7 rotary shafts, 8 gears, 9 bearings;
3 outer steel plates;10 high viscosity liquids, steel plate in 11.
Embodiment
It is described further with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, but it is not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1.
Apparatus of the present invention include board-like viscid power consumption unit, upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2), and board-like viscid power consumption is single Member is fixed in structure wall body by upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2), it is characterised in that be also devised with a gear type Inertance element (being used as embodiment) as it is board-like it is viscid power consumption unit efficiency improving mechanism.
The board-like viscid power consumption unit, is constituted using outer steel plate (3), interior steel plate (11) and high viscosity liquid (10), high Viscous liquid 10 is placed in the obturator of outer steel plate (3), and interior steel plate (11) is inserted in high viscosity liquid (10).Interior steel plate and outer steel Plate is respectively overall with upper and lower connecting plate consolidation.Specifically it can be designed as:Outer steel plate surrounding surrounds tubular, built-in high viscosity liquid Body, interior steel plate is inserted, and top sets the encapsulants such as rubber to realize closing, and interior steel plate is moved in high viscosity liquid.
The board-like viscid power consumption unit, its mechanism of action be by it is a kind of by steel plate in the high viscosity damping fluid of closing Motion, makes damping fluid produce detrusion and produces the damper of viscous damping power.
The gear type inertance element is placed between upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2) and distinguished by its upper and lower ends It is fixedly connected with upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2);Meanwhile, two groups of metal yield power consumptions are arranged in the inertance element left and right sides Unit (3) (being used as embodiment).
The gear type inertance element include top tooth plate (4), lower support plate (5), gear (8), gyrating mass (6), Rotary shaft (7) and bearing (9), structure is:
Top tooth plate (4), gear (8), lower support plate (5) three position are corresponding;
Fixed with the upper junction plate (1) at the top of the top tooth plate (4), its underpart edge is used for and gear provided with external tooth (8) occlusion transmission;
It is enclosed on outside gear (8) in rotary shaft (7), rotary shaft (7) is provided with gyrating mass (6) at two ends, and rotary shaft (7) is at it Midpoint sets bearing (9) again, and whole rotary shaft body is mounted on to by the bearing (9) top of lower support plate (5) Portion, lower support plate (5) bottom is fixed on lower connecting plate (2).
Based on said structure design, when relative to lower support plate (5) relative horizontal displacement occurs for top tooth plate (4), Occur simultaneously:
First, top tooth plate (4) band moving gear (8) rotates around rotary shaft (7) axis.Rotary shaft (7) rotation fortune Dynamic drive is secured to gyrating mass (6) rotation of connection, and rotary speed is by gear (8) and the number of teeth ratio of top tooth plate (4) Determine.The size of the radius of gear (8), the number of teeth and gyrating mass (6) can flexibly be adjusted according to the design object of quality synergy Section.
2nd, interior steel plate (11) can be moved in the high viscosity liquid (10), make high viscosity liquid (10) produce detrusion and Produce viscous damping power.
In design, according to the design requirement of damper, according to the design requirement of structure, board-like viscous damping power consumption unit Quantity can increase, interior steel plate, the area of outer steel plate can be adjusted.Using this area routine techniques, for example, pass through welding, peace The dress mode such as bolt is that two parts up and down of the board-like viscid power consumption unit can be achieved respectively with being vertically connected with consolidating between plate Fixed connection.
The gear type inertance element can also be designed as efficiency improving mechanism, the quantity and synergistic effect of setting according to synergy Demand is determined.When needing to use multiple efficiency improving mechanisms, can separately it be set successively with the board-like viscid power consumption unit;Or Person's concentrated setting makes in integrated symmetric arrangement in the middle position of the board-like viscid power consumption unit in both sides.
Apparatus of the present invention can be arranged in structure wall by modes such as installation bolts.
Present invention additionally comprises installing and connecting apparatus, it is made up of upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2) and installation bolt, is Prior art generally in the art.
More than, the present invention is made up of board-like viscid power consumption unit, gear type inertance element and installing and connecting apparatus, is filled Be divided to using gear type inertance element two node quality synergy units absorb vibrational energy, and shift input main structure energy, Utilize board-like viscid power consumption unit dissipation energy.Under effect of vibration, the energy dissipation capacity of board-like viscid power consumption unit is obviously improved, The dynamic response of structure can be effectively reduced, with preferable application value.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of inertia damping device for setting up board-like viscid unit, including some board-like viscid power consumption units, upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2), board-like viscid power consumption unit is fixed on structure wall body by upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2) It is interior, it is characterised in that to be also devised with some gear type inertance elements as the efficiency improving mechanism of board-like viscid power consumption unit.
2. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described board-like viscid Power consumption cellular construction be:Constituted using outer steel plate (3), interior steel plate (11) and high viscosity liquid (10), high viscosity liquid (10) is put In outer steel plate (3) obturator, interior steel plate (11) is inserted in high viscosity liquid (10).
3. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that characterized in that, The gear type inertance element be placed between upper junction plate (1), lower connecting plate (2) and by its upper and lower ends respectively with upper connection Plate (1), lower connecting plate (2) are fixedly connected;
The gear type inertance element includes top tooth plate (4), lower support plate (5), gear (8), gyrating mass (6), rotation Axle (7) and bearing (9), structure is:
Top tooth plate (4), gear (8), lower support plate (5) three position are corresponding;
Fixed with the upper junction plate (1) at the top of the top tooth plate (4), its underpart edge is used for and gear (8) provided with external tooth Occlusion transmission;
It is enclosed in rotary shaft (7) outside gear (8), rotary shaft (7) is provided with gyrating mass (6) at two ends, rotary shaft (7) point wherein Place sets bearing (9) again, and whole rotary shaft body is mounted on to the top of lower support plate (5) by the bearing (9), under Portion's supporting plate (5) bottom is fixed on lower connecting plate (2).
4. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that as embodiment, Be provided with two groups of board-like viscid power consumption units, be respectively arranged at the left and right sides or front and rear sides of the inertance element, in pair Claim arrangement.
5. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that rotary shaft (7) is revolved Transhipment is dynamic to drive gyrating mass (6) rotation for being secured to connection, rotary speed by gear (8) and top tooth plate (4) the number of teeth Ratio is determined.
6. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that board-like viscid power consumption Depending on the quantity of unit needs according to actual design.
7. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the gear type is used to Property unit is as efficiency improving mechanism, and the quantity and synergistic effect of setting are determined according to synergy design requirement.
8. the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit is set up as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that many when needing to use Individual efficiency improving mechanism is simultaneously used with multiple board-like viscid power consumption unit associations, and both are separately set successively;Or both it is whole Body is arranged symmetrically.
CN201710533690.0A 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 Set up the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit Pending CN107313642A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710533690.0A CN107313642A (en) 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 Set up the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710533690.0A CN107313642A (en) 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 Set up the inertia damping device of board-like viscid unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107313642A true CN107313642A (en) 2017-11-03

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109296244A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-02-01 同济大学 The pendulum-type that rubs is used to hold shock isolation system
CN112376685A (en) * 2020-11-08 2021-02-19 郑勇 Fabricated building and design method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109296244A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-02-01 同济大学 The pendulum-type that rubs is used to hold shock isolation system
CN112376685A (en) * 2020-11-08 2021-02-19 郑勇 Fabricated building and design method thereof

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