CN107304026A - Walking mechanism - Google Patents

Walking mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107304026A
CN107304026A CN201610239167.2A CN201610239167A CN107304026A CN 107304026 A CN107304026 A CN 107304026A CN 201610239167 A CN201610239167 A CN 201610239167A CN 107304026 A CN107304026 A CN 107304026A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
encoder
walking mechanism
fixedly connected
driven
base
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610239167.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨龙
郭小伟
张文治
施佳
Original Assignee
上海船厂船舶有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海船厂船舶有限公司 filed Critical 上海船厂船舶有限公司
Priority to CN201610239167.2A priority Critical patent/CN107304026A/en
Publication of CN107304026A publication Critical patent/CN107304026A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/08Runners; Runner bearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/16Applications of indicating, registering, or weighing devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of walking mechanism, it includes a driven bogie frame side plate, one driven wheel axle, one encoder transmission device, the encoder transmission device includes a first base, wholeheartedly axle, one is arranged at the small pulley of encoder, one big belt wheel, one encoder support, one timing belt, one end of the heart axle is fixedly connected on the driven wheel axle, the other end of the heart axle is fixedly connected on the big belt wheel, one end of the first base is fixedly connected on the driven bogie frame side plate, the other end of the first base is fixedly connected on the encoder support, the big belt wheel is connected with the small pulley by the timing belt.The walking mechanism of the present invention, improves the precision of digital independent, while ensureing stability, and simple in construction in the process of running, production cost is low, and centering ability is strong.

Description

Walking mechanism

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of walking mechanism.

Background technology

According to the requirement of State General Administration for Quality Supervision and Administration of Security Supervision, 60t and its above high pedestal jib crane Should be by《Hoisting machinery security monitoring management system》(GB/T28264-2012) national standard installs safety Monitoring management system.Crane travelling gear data acquisition is mainly gathered by P+F absolute value encoders The rotation number of turns of wheel is walked, the range ability of wheel must be left multiplied by that can convert to walk wheel diameter.

Encoder mounting means common at present has following two:

The first:What is specially installed additional is a set of without wheel rim detection axle end, the rotation of encoder measurement detection wheel The number of turns.This mounting means is most common, due to lighter, the poor anti jamming capability of detection wheel deadweight, easily beats It is sliding, cause encoder prohibited data detection;And increase checking wheel cost of manufacture is high, maintenance is inconvenient.

Second:Encoder, which is arranged on, passively walks axle end, detects the rotation number of turns of follower, this peace Dress mode directly detects that follower is rotated, but due to inevitably occurring gnawing rail when crane is walked, walks The wheel rim of wheel gnaws rail and causes away wheel to skid, and causes encoder prohibited data detection.

Meanwhile, both the above mounting means is all direct by the axle of encoder and passive using yielding coupling Wheel or detection wheel axle be connected, centering can not be met, when error is larger, shaft coupling can not bear compared with Big moment of torsion, is easily broken off.And due to there are vibrations and shake that fine error is brought between two axles, Reading data are caused to be forbidden.

Mounting means and installation site that current walking mechanism encoder is used, it is impossible to meet its precision It is required that, cause walking mechanism Frequent Troubles, largely have impact on the normal operation of walking mechanism, In the presence of certain potential safety hazard.

The content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the encoder of walking mechanism in the prior art to examine Surveying the defects such as data are inaccurate, detection cost of manufacture is high, maintenance is inconvenient, be easily broken off, there is provided a kind of row Walk mechanism.

The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem by following technical proposals:

A kind of walking mechanism, it includes a driven bogie frame side plate, a driven wheel axle, an encoder Transmission device, the encoder transmission device includes a first base, wholeheartedly axle, one are arranged at coding The small pulley of device, a big belt wheel, an encoder support, a timing belt, one end of the heart axle, which is fixed, to be connected The driven wheel axle is connected to, the other end of the heart axle is fixedly connected on the big belt wheel, described first One end of base is fixedly connected on the driven bogie frame side plate, and the other end of the first base, which is fixed, to be connected The encoder support is connected to, the big belt wheel is connected with the small pulley by the timing belt.

In this programme, using said structure form, the driven wheel axle is the fortune by adhesion wheel Row and work, when the walking mechanism operationally, the big belt wheel is with the driven wheel axle Rotate, the big belt wheel drives the small pulley to be rotated by the timing belt, the small pulley band Move the encoder and be operated, complete the reading of data.The walking mechanism move in a circle so that Stability is higher in the process of running, and simple in construction, and production cost is low.

Meanwhile, using the toothed belt transmission mode, improve the precision of digital independent.

In addition, the heart axle ensure that the requirement of centering, centering ability is strong.

It is preferred that the encoder support is provided with one first transverse part, a first longitudinal direction portion, described first Transverse part is removably attachable to the encoder, and the first longitudinal direction portion is bolted to connection in institute State first base.

In this programme, using said structure form, the encoder can be dismounted, easy to maintenance.

It is preferred that the encoder transmission device is provided with a second base, the second base is provided with one the Two transverse parts, a second longitudinal direction portion, one end of the first base are welded in the driven bogie frame side plate, The other end of the first base is bolted to connection in second transverse part, the second longitudinal direction Portion is bolted to connection in the first longitudinal direction portion.

It is preferred that the first longitudinal direction portion is provided with horizontal long hole, the second longitudinal direction portion is provided with vertically long Shape hole.

In this programme, using said structure form so that the encoder support and the second base Between accurate adjustment can be achieved, and periodically tensioning is completed, so as to ensure the stability of operation.

It is preferred that the encoder transmission device is provided with a case, the case is connected to described driven Vehicle frame side plate and it is surrounded on the encoder transmission device.

In this programme, using said structure form, the case can install protection, anti-external interference energy additional Power is strong, it is ensured that the stability of operation.

It is preferred that the case is provided with case support, the case support is welded in the driven bogie frame Side plate, the case is bolted to connection in the case support.

In this programme, using said structure form so that the case can be dismounted, maintenance is changed It is convenient.

It is preferred that the walking mechanism includes a driven pulley, the driven pulley is used without rim construction.

In this programme, using said structure form, the driven pulley can ensure the walking mechanism in fortune Row process is steadily reliable, and stability is high.

It is preferred that one end of the heart axle is provided with a conus portion, the driven wheel axle is provided with a taper hole, The conus portion is embedded at the taper hole.

In this programme, using said structure form so that the heart axle can realize quick positioning and installation, With higher Stability and veracity.

It is preferred that the material of the big belt wheel and the small pulley is aluminium alloy.

In this programme, using said structure form so that the big belt wheel and the small pulley be light and handy, Reliably, gearratio precisely, low manufacture cost.

It is preferred that the big belt wheel is fixedly connected on the heart axle by screw, the small pulley passes through spiral shell Nail is fixedly connected on the encoder, and the encoder is fixedly connected on the volume by crossed pan head screw Code device support.

In this programme, using said structure form, it is possible to achieve the dismounting of structure, assemble and repair more Change conveniently.

On the basis of common sense in the field is met, above-mentioned each optimum condition can be combined, produce this hair Bright each preferred embodiments.

The positive effect of the present invention is:

(1) present invention uses toothed belt transmission mode, improves the precision of digital independent.

(2) present invention is by the way of circular motion so that stability is higher in the process of running, and Simple in construction, production cost is low.

(3) present invention ensure that the requirement of centering using heart shaft design, and centering ability is strong.

(4) present invention is using achievable accurate adjustment between encoder support and second base, and completes Periodically tensioning, so as to ensure the stability of operation.

(5) driven pulley of the present invention is used without rim construction, it is ensured that steady reliable operation, stability It is high.

(6) present invention installs protection additional using case, and external interference resistance is strong.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the walking mechanism of present pre-ferred embodiments.

Fig. 2 is cross section structure diagrams of the Fig. 1 along A-A directions.

Fig. 3 is cross section structure diagrams of the Fig. 1 along B-B directions.

The partial enlarged drawing that Fig. 4 is C in Fig. 3.

Description of reference numerals:

Driven pulley 1

Driven bogie frame side plate 2

Driven wheel axle 3

Heart axle 4, conus portion 41

Big belt wheel 5

Timing belt 6

Small pulley 7

Encoder support 8, the first transverse part 81, first longitudinal direction portion 82

Second base 9, the second transverse part 91, second longitudinal direction portion 92

First base 10

Case 11

Case support 12

Encoder 20

Embodiment

Below by embodiment mode and become apparent from intactly illustrating the present invention with reference to accompanying drawing, but not Therefore limit the present invention among described scope of embodiments.

In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " on ", " under ", " preceding ", " rear ", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom " " interior ", The orientation or position relationship of instructions such as " outer " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, be only for It is easy to the description present invention and simplifies description, rather than indicates or imply that signified device or element must have There is specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, walking mechanism of the invention, it includes driven pulley 1, driven bogie Frame side plate 2, driven wheel axle 3, encoder transmission device, encoder 20 are arranged on encoder and are driven dress Put, wherein by the fabrication design of driven pulley 1 into without rim construction, it is to avoid between driven pulley 1 and track Friction cause wheel-slip, the problem of caused reading of encoder 20 is forbidden.

The encoder transmission device includes case 11, case support 12, and case 11 is surrounded on the coding Device transmission device, it is to avoid due to colliding the damage caused to encoder 20 and encoder transmission device, together When reduce interference of the extraneous factor to it, it is ensured that encoder 20 and encoder transmission device are in a phase To being run in the environment of closing, stability is improved.Case support 12 is welded in driven bogie frame side plate 2, Case 11 is bolted to connection in case support 12 so that case 11 can be dismounted, convenient pair The maintenance and replacing of encoder 20 and encoder transmission device.

As shown in figure 3, the encoder transmission device includes intentionally axle 4, big belt wheel 5, timing belt 6, small Belt wheel 7, one end of heart axle 4 is fixedly connected on driven wheel axle 3, and the other end of heart axle 4 is fixedly connected In big belt wheel 5, so that heart axle 4 ensure that the requirement of centering, centering ability is strong.It is preferred that the heart One end of axle 4 is provided with a conus portion 41, and driven wheel axle 3 is provided with taper hole (not shown), circular cone Portion 41 is embedded in taper hole so that heart axle 4 can realize quick positioning and install, in the table of conus portion 41 Face spreading glue loads in taper hole, allows glue curing, and it is firm to be bonded, with higher accuracy and stably Property.

Small pulley 7 is connected to encoder 20, and big belt wheel 5 is connected with small pulley 7 by timing belt 6.From Motor-car wheel shaft 3 is worked by the operation of the adhesion wheel of the walking mechanism, when walking mechanism is in operation When, big belt wheel 5 is rotated with driven wheel axle 3, and big belt wheel 5 drives small pulley by timing belt 6 7 and rotated, small pulley 7 drive encoder 20 and be operated, complete data reading come to remote The running status of the range monitoring system feedback walking mechanism, so as to complete to running status and parking spot Monitoring.Encoder transmission device moves in a circle so that stability is higher in the process of running, and structure is simple Single, production cost is low.Meanwhile, using the kind of drive of timing belt 6, improve the precision of digital independent. It is preferred that the material of big belt wheel 5 and small pulley 7 is set to aluminum alloy material, light and handy, reliable, transmission Than accurate, low manufacture cost.

As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the encoder transmission device includes encoder support 8, second base 9th, first base 10, encoder support 8 is provided with the first transverse part 81, first longitudinal direction portion 82, the second bottom Seat 9 is provided with the second transverse part 91, second longitudinal direction portion 92, and one end of first base 10 is by being welded and fixed Driven bogie frame side plate 2 is connected to, the other end of first base 10 is bolted to connection in the second horizontal stroke To portion 91, second longitudinal direction portion 92 is bolted to connection in first longitudinal direction portion 82, the first transverse part 81 Encoder 20 is fixedly connected on by crossed pan head screw so that encoder 20 can be dismounted, repaired It is convenient.

Meanwhile, first longitudinal direction portion 82 is provided with horizontal long hole (not shown), facilitates encoder 20 Front and rear it can be adjusted, it is ensured that the transmission central plane of big belt wheel 5 and small pulley 7 is generally aligned in the same plane It is interior.Second longitudinal direction portion 92 is provided with vertical long hole (not shown), and convenient adjustment axle base is complete Into regular tensioning, so as to ensure the stability of operation.

When mounted, driven pulley 1 is processed into no rim construction, the one end processing of driven wheel axle 3 Into taper hole, the surface smear glue of conus portion 41 loads in taper hole, allows glue curing, and it is firm to be bonded. Then big belt wheel 5 is arranged on heart axle 4, and is fixed, locked with 2 holding screws 3.Again One end of first base 10 is arranged on driven bogie frame side plate 2, is welded and fixed.With 3 bolts Second transverse part 91 is arranged in first base 10.Then encoder 20 is arranged on first laterally In portion 81, and it is fixed with 3 crossed pan head screws.Small pulley 7 is arranged on encoder 20 again Shaft end, and be fixed with 2 holding screws 7, locked.Then by first longitudinal direction portion 82 and Two longitudinal directions portion 92 are attached with 4 bolts, are then charged into timing belt 6, by the position of adjustment bolt, In ensureing that the transmission central plane of big belt wheel 5 and small pulley 7 is generally aligned in the same plane, and adjust heart axle 4 Degree is tightened up with the centre-to-centre spacing of encoder 20 and timing belt 6.Then by case support 12 be arranged on from On dynamic bogie frame side plate 2, it is welded and fixed, last install housing 11, and is fixed with 4 bolts, Complete to install.

Although the foregoing describing the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art should manage Solution, this is merely illustrative of, and protection scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims.Ability The technical staff in domain, can be to these embodiments on the premise of the principle and essence without departing substantially from the present invention Various changes or modifications are made, but these changes and modification each fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of walking mechanism, it is characterised in that it includes a driven bogie frame side plate, one driven Axletree, an encoder transmission device, the encoder transmission device include a first base, wholeheartedly Axle, one are arranged at the small pulley of encoder, a big belt wheel, an encoder support, a timing belt, described One end of heart axle is fixedly connected on the driven wheel axle, and the other end of the heart axle is fixedly connected on described Big belt wheel, one end of the first base is fixedly connected on the driven bogie frame side plate, first bottom The other end of seat is fixedly connected on the encoder support, and the big belt wheel passes through described with the small pulley Timing belt is connected.
2. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the encoder support is provided with One first transverse part, a first longitudinal direction portion, first transverse part are removably attachable to the encoder, The first longitudinal direction portion is bolted to connection in the first base.
3. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the encoder transmission device Provided with a second base, the second base is provided with one second transverse part, a second longitudinal direction portion, and described the One end of one base is welded in the driven bogie frame side plate, and the other end of the first base passes through bolt Second transverse part is fixedly connected on, the second longitudinal direction portion is bolted to connection in described first Longitudinal portion.
4. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the first longitudinal direction portion is provided with Horizontal long hole, the second longitudinal direction portion is provided with vertical long hole.
5. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the encoder transmission device Provided with a case, the case is connected to the driven bogie frame side plate and is surrounded on the encoder transmission Device.
6. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the case is provided with case branch Frame, the case support is welded in the driven bogie frame side plate, and the case is bolted to connection In the case support.
7. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the walking mechanism includes One driven pulley, the driven pulley is used without rim construction.
8. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that one end of the heart axle is provided with One conus portion, the driven wheel axle is provided with a taper hole, and the conus portion is embedded at the taper hole.
9. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the big belt wheel and described small The material of belt wheel is aluminium alloy.
10. walking mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the big belt wheel passes through screw The heart axle is fixedly connected on, the small pulley is fixedly connected on the encoder, the volume by screw Code device is fixedly connected on the encoder support by crossed pan head screw.
CN201610239167.2A 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Walking mechanism CN107304026A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610239167.2A CN107304026A (en) 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Walking mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610239167.2A CN107304026A (en) 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Walking mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107304026A true CN107304026A (en) 2017-10-31

Family

ID=60151271

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610239167.2A CN107304026A (en) 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Walking mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107304026A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120117810A1 (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-05-17 Schroeder Dierk Rotary position transducer assembly which compensates for radial play
CN202562505U (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-11-28 浙江恒立数控科技股份有限公司 Mounting structure for encoder
CN204265267U (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-15 河南省矿山起重机有限公司 A kind of deviation correcting device and use running gear, the hoisting crane of this deviation correcting device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120117810A1 (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-05-17 Schroeder Dierk Rotary position transducer assembly which compensates for radial play
CN202562505U (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-11-28 浙江恒立数控科技股份有限公司 Mounting structure for encoder
CN204265267U (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-15 河南省矿山起重机有限公司 A kind of deviation correcting device and use running gear, the hoisting crane of this deviation correcting device

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