CN107263642B - A kind of antistatic wood decorative material and its manufacturing method - Google Patents

A kind of antistatic wood decorative material and its manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107263642B
CN107263642B CN201710688588.8A CN201710688588A CN107263642B CN 107263642 B CN107263642 B CN 107263642B CN 201710688588 A CN201710688588 A CN 201710688588A CN 107263642 B CN107263642 B CN 107263642B
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China
Prior art keywords
antistatic
veneer
agent
resin
compound
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CN201710688588.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107263642A (en
Inventor
周兆兵
董新蕾
李想
张峰
蒋俊杰
郭晓磊
徐朝阳
马丁鑫
贾翀
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南京林业大学
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Priority to CN201710688588.8A priority Critical patent/CN107263642B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/0207Pretreatment of wood before impregnation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/0207Pretreatment of wood before impregnation
    • B27K3/0214Drying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/52Impregnating agents containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K5/00Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00
    • B27K5/04Combined bleaching or impregnating and drying of wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27NMANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL
    • B27N3/00Manufacture of substantially flat articles, e.g. boards, from particles or fibres
    • B27N3/08Moulding or pressing

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of manufacturing method of simply antistatic wood decorative material of Processes and apparatus, antistatic wood decorative material antistatic property made from this method is excellent, surface hardness is high, wear-resisting property is good, its surface resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, volume resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω cm-1.0E+6 Ω cm, build up of electrostatic charge is not easy in use process, cause dust suction, the bad phenomenons such as electric discharge, surface abrasion resistance reaches 6000 turns or more, it can be widely applied to antistatic property, the high-grade office building that wear-resisting property has higher requirements, the incrustation in the places such as intelligent office block.The manufacturing method, including substrate prepare, and softening processing is dried, antistatic resin preparation, single-steeping, predrying, high temperature compression processing, double-steeping, redrying and etc..Antistatic agent, anti-wear agent and other auxiliary agents etc. after evenly mixing, are evenly spread to low molecular weight dipping and are formed in melamine resin by the obtained antistatic resin.

Description

A kind of antistatic wood decorative material and its manufacturing method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of novel wooden ornament materials and its manufacturing method with anti-static function, belongs to wooden multiple Condensation material manufacturing field.

Background technique

The natural decorative pattern and natural color that wood decorative material has, can build out light, cheerful and light-hearted, graceful atmosphere It encloses and the mankind has compared with strong affinity, be always one of essential ornament materials of people institute.

Existing wood decorative material mainly has decorative veneer, artificial decorative board, wood-base fibre and particle panel material, wood moulding and timber floor Deng, wherein it is most to decorate the kind of wood-based plate and timber floor and pattern, using also most wide.Wood materials are that the bad of electricity is led Body, surface easily generate charge collection, form electrostatic phenomenon.Especially material surface has carried out oil paint coating or impregnated paper patch After the processing such as face, electrostatic phenomenon is more serious.

Electrostatic interaction is a unfavorable factor in wood materials processing and use process.The aggregation of electrostatic can make body surface A higher current potential is generated, when human body or other low potential conductors are close to being that will generate electric discharge phenomena, under serious conditions, Product quality is not only damaged, great economic loss is caused, in some instances it may even be possible to jeopardize the person and equipment safety.

Human body generally between 3000-5000V, and causes electronic equipment failure or damage to feeling static discharge voltage Bad static discharge voltage only several hectovolts, when semiconductor devices is individually placed or is packed into circuit module, even if not being powered on, It may be because of the permanent damage of these devices caused by static discharge.Therefore, electrostatic hazard is often difficult to discover, but will lead to production Product are badly damaged and cause heavy economic losses.The occurrence situation for starting to recognize static discharge the 1970s, with section The development of technology, electronic component are more and more sensitive to static discharge, lost caused by static discharge every year can reach it is millions of Dollar or more.Therefore, the antistatic of the packed and transported of electronic product and Building Indoor Environment, it is anti-interference oneself become cyberage The important guarantee of economic development.Antistatic property is as one of packaging material and the performance indicator of indoor decoration material, It increasingly attracts people's attention and pays close attention to.

Compared with more mature polymer-function material, the research of antistatic composite wooden material is started late.From previous generation It has recorded since the 80's Mos, domestic many outer scholars have carried out some grind to the electric conductivity for how improving wood base composite material Study carefully, product is concentrated mainly on using glued board, particieboard as in the simple outer adding type processing of substrate.To realize the protection to electrostatic, The conductive material for being coated with anti-static coatings is usually set on the surface of the material, but due to its prolonged use, conductive material is easy It is worn, so that material be made to lose antistatic effect.Therefore, the wooden antistatic material of large-scale practical application is really put into Expect rare so far.

Therefore the purposes that antistatic composite wooden material processes timber and expand wood materials is developed, wooden material is improved The added value of material is of great significance.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of manufacturing methods of the simply antistatic wood decorative material of Processes and apparatus, should Antistatic wood decorative material antistatic property made from method is excellent, and build up of electrostatic charge is not easy in use process, cause dust suction, The bad phenomenons such as electric discharge, antistatic effect is lasting, to effectively avoid security risk brought by electrostatic, and obtained matter Decorative material surface hardness is high, wear-resisting property is good, can be widely applied to the height having higher requirements to antistatic property, wear-resisting property The incrustation in the places such as shelves office building, intelligent office block.

A kind of manufacturing method of antistatic wood decorative material provided by the invention includes the following steps: that substrate prepares, soft Change processing, is dried, antistatic resin preparation, single-steeping, predrying, high temperature compression processing, and double-steeping is secondary dry It is dry, cut, quality inspection with point etc., pack, storage.

The substrate prepares, and mainly by quick-growing plantation (poplar, China fir, Eucalyptus etc.), passes through rotary-cut or slicing The veneer with a thickness of 2.0-6.0mm is made.

The softening processing, mainly uses softening device, carries out roller stone roller to the tight face for crossing rotary-cut or sliced veneer, disappears Except internal stress caused by the elastic face of veneer, keep the crackle on veneer two sides consistent, it is ensured that resin energy uniformly penetrating when dipping improves single The bulk density rate of plate.

Softening device in the softening processing is mainly made of discaling roll, transmission steel band, synchronization chain and motor etc.. Discaling roll be located at transmission steel band right above, with transmission steel band between at a distance from can be adjusted according to veneer thickness.Tight side is upward It towards discaling roll, is placed on steel belt, drives discaling roll to be moved with transmission steel band by synchronization chain by motor, to realize The softening of tight side is handled.

The drying process refers to using conventional drying processes, and drying the veneers to moisture content is 6-10%, convenient for into The subsequent impregnation of row.

The described antistatic resin preparation, mainly by airflow blow, mechanical stirring processing, by antistatic agent, wear-resisting It after the mixing of the powders such as agent and other auxiliary agents, evenly spreads in artificial synthesized low molecular weight dip resin, it is equal that dispersion is made The antistatic resin dipping solution even, performance is stable.

Artificial synthesized low molecular weight dip resin in the antistatic resin preparation, it is mainly artificial synthesized Melamine resin, resin solid content 25-30%, the impregnation technology suitable for fast growing wood veneer.

Antistatic agent in the antistatic resin preparation mainly includes graphite powder, metal powder (nickel, copper etc.), conduction One or more of mica powder.Partial size is 250-400 mesh, and additive amount is the 1wt%-15wt% of resin matrix.

Anti-wear agent in the antistatic resin preparation, predominantly silica, aluminum oxide, aluminium hydroxide and carbon The combination of one or more of SiClx, preferably silica are compounded with aluminum oxide with mass ratio 1:1 compound Type anti-wear agent, partial size are 150-250 mesh.Additive amount is the 1wt%-10wt% of resin matrix.The addition of anti-wear agent, can be improved and help In the wear-resisting property for improving made anti-static material surface.

Other auxiliary agents in the antistatic resin preparation, predominantly titanate coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent, silane The compound auxiliary agent that coupling agent is compounded with mass ratio 1:1:1, additive amount are the 1wt%-5wt% of resin matrix.It is compound to help The addition of agent can be improved dispersibility of the added powder in resin matrix, help to improve made anti-static material Mechanical property and electric property, make product have excellent weather-proof, water-fast, oil resistance, and excellent surface gloss uses the longevity Life length.

The single-steeping is to be placed in veneer in the dipping tank for filling antistatic resin solution, handles 20- under normal pressure 30min takes out after being impregnated with.

The predrying is to be done the wet veneer after single-steeping at 80-140 DEG C of temperature by drying machine It is dry, make plate face hand hand viscous slightly when touching, it is therefore an objective to electrostatic resin rapid curing when making subsequent high temperature compression processing, it will not be because of tree Seborrhea stream and the clamp surface for polluting hot press.

The high temperature compression processing refers mainly to for the veneer after predrying to be put into the compression of flat-bed press high temperature, 140-150 DEG C of hot plate temperature, compression time 5-10min, veneer compression ratio 30-50%, taking-up is cooled to room temperature.Purpose is solidification Additive in veneer increases veneer lumber density, to improve the mechanical property of material, electric conductivity, extend material uses the longevity Life.

The double-steeping is that the veneer after high temperature compression processing is again dipped into impregnating resin, sets dipping Rouge fills completely prevents material surface resin from generating missing because contacting the pressing plate of hot press in material surface, while preventing Surface resin precuring when hot pressing is unfavorable for secondary operation and application.

The redrying is the wet veneer after double-steeping by drying machine, at 80-140 DEG C of temperature again Dry, drying to impregnating resin is the 50-150% of substrate weight.

The good antistatic wood decorative material of redrying can be cut, quality inspection with point etc., packaging and storage Deng.Cut, quality inspection with point etc., packaging and storage etc. processes, utilize existing method, Processes and apparatus.

In brief, steps are as follows for a kind of antistatic wood decorative material manufacturing method provided by the invention:

Step 1: being made quick-growing plantation (poplar, China fir, Eucalyptus etc.) by rotary-cut or slicing with a thickness of 2.0- The veneer of 6.0mm;

Step 2: veneer is carried out roller stone roller by tight face of the dedicated softening device to veneer, eliminates the elastic face of veneer and make At internal stress, keep the crackle on veneer two sides consistent, it is ensured that resin energy uniformly penetrating when dipping;

Step 3: the veneer that softening is handled well is dried using conventional drying processes, moisture content is controlled in 6-10%;

Step 4: after evenly mixing by antistatic agent, anti-wear agent and other auxiliary agents etc., passing through airflow blow, mechanical stirring Processing, evenly spread in artificial synthesized dipping melamine resin, be made be uniformly dispersed, the antistatic tree that performance is stable Rouge dipping solution;

Step 5: being sufficiently submerged in it in low molecular weight antistatic resin by steeping vat dried veneer;It will leaching Saturating wet veneer carries out predrying by drying machine at 80-140 DEG C of temperature, and plate face hand is made to glue hand slightly when touching;

High temperature compression is carried out by flat-bed press step 6: the good veneer of predrying will be impregnated, hot plate temperature is 140-150 DEG C, compression time 5-10min, veneer compression ratio is 30-50%, increases veneer lumber density, makes antistatic agent, anti-wear agent Equal materials are fixed in veneer, are not easily runed off;

Step 7: the veneer after densification is again dipped into antistatic resin, fills resin completely in material surface, prevent Only material surface resin generates missing because contacting the pressing plate of hot press, while preventing the surface resin precuring in hot pressing, It is unfavorable for secondary operation and application;

It is dried again step 8: the wet veneer after double-steeping is put into drying machine, degree of drying at this time depends on Material secondary resin content required when applying, resin content can be the 50-150% of substrate weight;

Step 9: dried antistatic wood decorative material can be cut, quality inspection with point etc., packaging and storage The processes such as deposit.Cut, quality inspection with point etc., packaging and storage etc. processes, utilize existing method, Processes and apparatus.

It invention also provides a kind of antistatic wood decorative material, is made according to above-mentioned method, surface Resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, and volume resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω cm -1.0 E+6 Ω cm.

Beneficial effects of the present invention: using the above method antistatic wood decorative material antistatic property produced and resistance to Mill is had excellent performance, and surface resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, and volume resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω cm -1.0E+6 Ω cm, is not easy build up of electrostatic charge in use, and antistatic effect is lasting;Surface Wear Resistance of Materials can reach 6000 turns with On, all other physical mechanics properties are all satisfied respective country standard.Raw material sources of the invention are abundant, need not finish, preparation Processes and apparatus is simple, and process conditions are easy to control, and strong operability is at low cost, can be widely applied to antistatic property, wear-resisting The incrustation in the places such as high-grade office building, intelligent office block that performance has higher requirements can effectively improve fast growing wood Using added value, its application range is widened.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is process flow chart of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of softening device in process flow provided by the invention.

In figure, 1 is driven voller, and 2 be conveyer belt, and 3 be support frame, and 4 be conveyor rollers drive chain, and 5 be the list before softening Plate, 6 be nail roller, and 7 be nail roller drive chain, and 8 be the veneer after softening, and 9 be drive roll, and 10 be drive roll drive chain, and 11 are Motor.

Specific embodiment

With reference to embodiments and attached drawing further illustrates specific features and technological means of the invention.

Referring to Fig. 1, the manufacturing method of antistatic wood decorative material of the invention, including substrate prepares, softening processing, does Dry processing, antistatic resin preparation, single-steeping, predrying, high temperature compression processing, double-steeping, redrying are cut, Quality inspection with point etc., pack, storage.Invention also provides the antistatic wooden dresses of one kind by the manufacture of above-mentioned manufacturing method Exterior material.

It elaborates combined with specific embodiments below.

Embodiment 1

A kind of antistatic board using poplar board ornament materials, it through the following steps that manufacture:

Step 1: quick growth poplar wood is peeled into the veneer with a thickness of 4.0mm;

Step 2: carrying out roller stone roller using tight face of the softening device to board using poplar board, internal stress is eliminated, splitting for veneer two sides is made Line is consistent, is conducive to the uniformly penetrating of resin;

Step 3: the veneer after softening is dried, make moisture content 10%;

Step 4: the silica of the graphite powder of 300 mesh, 200 mesh is compounded to obtain with aluminum oxide with mass ratio 1:1 Complex abrasion-proof agent and titanate coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent, silane coupling agent are compounded compound with mass ratio 1:1:1 Auxiliary agent uniformly mixes, and by airflow blow, mechanical stirring processing, evenly spreads in the melamine resin that solid content is 30%, Be made be uniformly dispersed, the antistatic resin dipping solution that performance is stable.Graphite powder, complex abrasion-proof agent and the compound agent addition helped Amount is respectively 10wt%, 5wt%, 5wt% of resin matrix;

Step 5: being sufficiently submerged in it in low molecular weight antistatic resin by steeping vat dried veneer;It will leaching Saturating wet veneer carries out predrying at 140 DEG C of temperature by drying machine, makes plate face hand hand viscous slightly when touching, prevent plate face because Resin overflow and the clamp surface for polluting hot press;

High temperature compression, hot plate temperature 140 are carried out by flat-bed press step 6: the good veneer of predrying will be impregnated DEG C, compression time 8min, veneer compression ratio is 40%, increases veneer lumber density, is fixed on the materials such as antistatic agent, anti-wear agent In veneer, not easily run off;

Step 7: the veneer after densification is again dipped into antistatic resin, fills resin completely in material surface, prevent Only material surface resin generates missing because contacting the pressing plate of hot press, while preventing the surface resin precuring in hot pressing;

Step 8: the wet veneer after double-steeping is put into drying machine and dries again, make resin content substrate weight 80%。

Step 9: dried antistatic wood decorative material i.e. cut using existing method, Processes and apparatus, Quality inspection and the processes such as point equal, packaging and storage.

This method antistatic board using poplar board ornament materials produced, surface resistivity are 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, body Product resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω cm -1.0E+6 Ω cm, and wear-resisting property reaches 6000 turns or more, all other physical mechanics Property is all satisfied respective country standard.It can be used as the surface lining of the artificial plates such as particieboard, fiberboard, core-board.

If changing additive amount of the graphite powder, complex abrasion-proof agent and compound auxiliary agent in embodiment 1 relative to resin matrix, But the additive amount of graphite powder is in 1-15wt%, and the additive amount of complex abrasion-proof agent is in 1-10wt%, and the additive amount of compound auxiliary agent is in 1- 5wt%, other parameters are constant, obtain corresponding antistatic board using poplar board ornament materials, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, resistance to It is substantially similar to Example 1 to grind performance etc., surface resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, volume resistivity 1.0E+5 Ω cm -1.0E+6 Ω cm, wear-resisting property reach 7000-8000 and turn.

Embodiment 2

A kind of antistatic Eucalyptus veneer ornament materials, it through the following steps that manufacture:

Step 1: by the slicing of fast-growing Eucalyptus at the veneer with a thickness of 6.0mm;

Step 2: carrying out roller stone roller using tight face of the softening device to board using poplar board, internal stress is eliminated, splitting for veneer two sides is made Line is consistent, is conducive to the uniformly penetrating of resin;

Step 3: the veneer that softening is handled well is dried using conventional drying processes, moisture content is controlled 8%;

Step 4: by metal powder (nickel powder or copper powder), the silica of 200 mesh and the aluminum oxide of 250 mesh with quality It is multiple with mass ratio 1:1:1 to compound to obtain complex abrasion-proof agent and titanate coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent, silane coupling agent than 1:1 It is uniformly mixed with obtained compound auxiliary agent, by airflow blow, mechanical stirring processing, evenly spreading to solid content is 25% In melamine resin, be made be uniformly dispersed, the antistatic resin dipping solution that performance is stable.Metal powder, complex abrasion-proof agent and The compound agent additive amount helped is respectively 10wt%, 10wt%, 5wt% of resin matrix.

Step 5: being sufficiently submerged in it in low molecular weight antistatic resin by steeping vat dried veneer;It will leaching Saturating wet veneer carries out predrying at 140 DEG C of temperature by drying machine, makes plate face hand hand viscous slightly when touching, prevent plate face because Resin overflow and the clamp surface for polluting hot press.

High temperature compression, hot plate temperature 150 are carried out by flat-bed press step 6: the good veneer of predrying will be impregnated DEG C, compression time 10min, veneer compression ratio is 50%, increases veneer lumber density, is fixed on the materials such as antistatic agent, anti-wear agent In veneer, not easily run off;

Step 7: the veneer after densification is again dipped into antistatic resin, fills resin completely in material surface, prevent Only material surface resin generates missing because contacting the pressing plate of hot press, while preventing the surface resin precuring in hot pressing.

Step 8: the wet veneer after double-steeping is put into drying machine and dries again, make resin content substrate weight 80%。

Step 9: dried antistatic wood decorative material i.e. cut using existing method, Processes and apparatus, Quality inspection and the processes such as point equal, packaging and storage.

This method antistatic Eucalyptus veneer ornament materials produced, surface resistivity are 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, body Product resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω cm -1.0E+6 Ω cm, and wear-resisting property reaches 9000 turns or more, all other physical mechanics Property is all satisfied respective country standard, can be used as the surfacing of the products such as solid wooden compound floor, consolidated floor.

If changing additive amount of the metal powder, complex abrasion-proof agent and compound auxiliary agent in embodiment 2 relative to resin matrix, But the additive amount of metal powder is in 1-15wt%, and the additive amount of complex abrasion-proof agent is in 1-10wt%, and the additive amount of compound auxiliary agent is in 1- 5wt%, other parameters are constant, obtain corresponding antistatic Eucalyptus veneer ornament materials, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, resistance to It is similar to grind the basic embodiments 2 such as performance, surface resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, and volume resistivity is 1.0E+5 Ω Cm -1.0E+6 Ω cm, wear-resisting property reach 10000-11000 and turn.

If the antistatic agent in embodiment 1 is only changed to conductive mica powder, other parameters are constant, resisted accordingly quiet Electric board using poplar board ornament materials, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, wear-resisting property are also almost the same with embodiment 1.

If only by the antistatic agent in embodiment 1 be changed to graphite powder, metal powder, any two kinds in conductive mica powder by The mixed uniformly compounding antistatic agent of mass ratio 1:1, other parameters are constant, obtain corresponding antistatic board using poplar board decoration material Material, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, wear-resisting property are also almost the same with embodiment 1.

If only by the complex abrasion-proof agent in embodiment 2 be changed to silica combined with aluminium hydroxide 1:1 in mass ratio or Person's silica is combined with silicon carbide 1:1 in mass ratio or aluminium hydroxide is combined with aluminum oxide 1:1 in mass ratio or Person's aluminium hydroxide is combined with silicon carbide 1:1 in mass ratio or aluminum oxide is combined with silicon carbide 1:1 in mass ratio, other Parameter constant obtains corresponding antistatic Eucalyptus veneer ornament materials, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, wearability and reality It is almost the same to apply example 2.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of antistatic wood decorative material manufacturing method, it is characterized in that: steps are as follows:
Step 1: the veneer with a thickness of 2.0-6.0mm is made by rotary-cut or slicing for the artificial material of fast-growing;
Step 2: carrying out roller stone roller using tight face of the softening device to veneer, internal stress caused by the elastic face of veneer is eliminated, veneer is made The crackle on two sides is consistent;The softening device includes grinding for transmitting the conveyer belt of veneer, above conveyer belt for roller The discaling roll of the rotation of veneer, conveyer belt movement speed are equal with the linear velocity of discaling roll;
Step 3: veneer is dried, moisture content is controlled in 6-10%;
Step 4: after evenly mixing by antistatic agent, anti-wear agent and other auxiliary agents, evenly spreading to low molecular weight dipping trimerization In melamine resin, antistatic resin dipping solution is made;
It is compound that other auxiliary agents are that titanate coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent, silane coupling agent are compounded with mass ratio 1:1:1 Type auxiliary agent;
Step 5: immersing it in antistatic resin dipping solution by dried veneer by steeping vat;It is taken out after being impregnated with; By the wet veneer being impregnated with by drying machine, predrying is carried out at 80-140 DEG C of temperature, and plate face hand is made to glue hand slightly when touching;
High temperature compression, hot plate temperature 140-150 are carried out by flat-bed press step 6: the good veneer of predrying will be impregnated DEG C, compression time 5-10min, veneer compression ratio is 30-50%;
Step 7: the veneer after densification is again dipped into antistatic resin dipping solution, fill resin completely in material table Face;
It is dried again step 8: the wet veneer after double-steeping is put into drying machine, after dry, resin content is substrate weight 50-150%;
Wherein, antistatic agent is one of graphite powder, metal powder, conductive mica powder or several;Partial size is 250-400 mesh, Additive amount is the 1wt%-15wt% of resin matrix;
Anti-wear agent is one or more of silica, aluminum oxide, aluminium hydroxide, silicon carbide, partial size 150-250 Mesh, additive amount are the 1wt%-10wt% of resin matrix;
Antistatic wood decorative material surface resistivity obtained is 1.0E+5 Ω -1.0E+6 Ω, volume resistivity 1.0E+5 Ω·cm -1.0 E+6Ω·cm。
2. antistatic wood decorative material manufacturing method as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: anti-wear agent be silica with The compound anti-wear agent that aluminum oxide is compounded with mass ratio 1:1.
3. antistatic wood decorative material manufacturing method as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: compound additive dosage is The 1wt%-5wt% of resin matrix.
4. antistatic wood decorative material manufacturing method as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: 300 mesh graphite powders are resisted quiet Electric agent, 200 mesh silica compound to obtain compound anti-wear agent with mass ratio 1:1 with aluminum oxide and compound auxiliary agent is equal Even mixing evenly spreads in the melamine resin that solid content is 30%, antistatic resin dipping solution is made;Graphite powder is answered The additive amount of mould assembly anti-wear agent and compound auxiliary agent is respectively 10wt%, 5wt%, 5wt% of resin matrix.
5. antistatic wood decorative material manufacturing method as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: 250 mesh metal powders are resisted quiet Electric agent, 200 mesh silica compound to obtain compound anti-wear agent with mass ratio 1:1 with aluminum oxide and compound auxiliary agent is equal Even mixing evenly spreads in the melamine resin that solid content is 25%, antistatic resin dipping solution is made;Metal powder is answered The additive amount of mould assembly anti-wear agent and compound auxiliary agent is respectively 10wt%, 5wt%, 5wt% of resin matrix.
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