CN107225669A - A kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology - Google Patents

A kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107225669A
CN107225669A CN201710513540.3A CN201710513540A CN107225669A CN 107225669 A CN107225669 A CN 107225669A CN 201710513540 A CN201710513540 A CN 201710513540A CN 107225669 A CN107225669 A CN 107225669A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
milling
dry grinding
wet
dry
powder
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710513540.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严艾青
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Ma'anshan Hengda Light Wall Material Co Ltd
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Ma'anshan Hengda Light Wall Material Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710513540.3A priority Critical patent/CN107225669A/en
Publication of CN107225669A publication Critical patent/CN107225669A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/14Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by simple casting, the material being neither forcibly fed nor positively compacted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/50Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material specially adapted for producing articles of expanded material, e.g. cellular concrete
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • B28B13/0215Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo
    • B28B13/027Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo by using a removable belt or conveyor transferring the moulding material to the moulding cavities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant ; Industrial outlines or plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/02Conditioning the material prior to shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/04Exhausting or laying dust

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology, belong to building brick technical field.The present invention includes slurry process units, powder process units and apparatus for pouring, and slurry process units includes feed mechanism, wet-milling mechanism, filter mechanism and temporary storage mechanism, and the slurry after being filtered through filter mechanism is passed directly into inside temporary storage mechanism;The external grout outlet of temporary storage mechanism and shurry pump are by shurry pump toward slurry tank;Powder process units includes disintegrating machine, dry grinding mechanism and sorting mechanism, and the conveying mechanism and pouring can that powder material tank is set by its bottom are communicated;Connect under pouring can and pouring truck is set immediately below cast jet pipe, cast jet pipe.Reach that finished product aerated bricks internal particle is uniform, no bulky grain influences the uniform force of gas brick, internal void purpose of uniform size.Also solve that to there is aerated bricks auxiliary material addition few, wide in variety, mixed during addition it is uneven and the problem of influence gas brick quality.

Description

A kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to building brick technical field, more particularly to a kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology.
Background technology
Aerated bricks are also referred to as air-entrained concrete building block, using very extensive, are used primarily in machinery plant and civil buildings In materials for wall, filling wall, the filling enclosure wall of load-bearing walling and the non-bearing material such as floor and roof boarding and surrounding.At present Aerated bricks turn into the leading products of building material industry, and country progressively prohibits the use of clay solid brick, gradually taken and generation Be exactly air-entrained concrete building block, steam-pressing brisk.
Aerated bricks have that lightweight, thermal and insulating performance is good, shock resistance is strong, good processability, with certain resistance to height Warm nature, sound insulation value are good, strong adaptability the characteristics of, can carry out amount body according to local different raw material, different condition and make surely, raw material Wide material sources, may be selected river sand, flyash, ore in sand form etc., suit measures to local conditions, can be salvaged, environmental, it is real become give up into It is precious.
But existing aerated bricks, which are thrown away afterwards, easily occurs that hole is uneven, large granular impurity phenomenon, causes aerated bricks office Portion's unbalance stress and easily divide, and because the auxiliary material kind of aerated bricks is more and more, liquid and granular material need during addition Slurry tank and powder material tank mixing are mixed into respectively, but auxiliary material addition is often less, it is easy to cause mixing uneven and influence gas brick Quality.
Through retrieval, Chinese patent application, publication number:CN204122349U, publication date:2015.01.28, one kind is disclosed Powder screen material device, includes charging aperture, vibratory sieve, crushes frame and discharging band composition, be provided with vibrating device on charging aperture, shake Dynamic sieve is provided with vibrating shaft, hitch bar, vibrating motor and spring, vibrating shaft connection eccentric and vibration bearing, vibratory sieve Discharging band is provided below, the relatively low one end of vibratory sieve is provided with crushing frame, crushing inframe portion has crushing fan, crushes fan and connect Crushing motor is connect, it is discharging band to crush below frame.The invention makes sieve take powder to work entire mechanization, automation without manpower sieve Take, substantially increase production efficiency, reduce production cost.But the invention easily easily causes dust pollution and influences operative employee Health.
Chinese patent application, publication number:CN103602786A, publication date:2014.02.26, disclose a kind of slit saturating The preparation method of gas brick, is related to the preparation method of ladle refining air brick, including by air brick castable in casting mold Castable, and the step of air brick green compact are made, by air brick green compact through maintenance and the demoulding the step of, will be after the demoulding it is ventilative Brick green compact are dried and high-temperature firing, and the step of be finally made finished product, according to the air brick to be prepared in the casting mold Narrow slit structure, which is fixed with, can burn the slit filler of mistake, before air brick castable castable is made into air brick green compact, First lubricant is uniformly smeared on the surface of described slit filler;After maintenance and the demoulding, first will by air brick green compact Slit filler is extracted out out of air brick green compact, the step of then entering to be about to air brick green compact drying and high-temperature firing again.Should Slot-type ventilating brick prepared by invention can improve the Air permenbility 10% or so of air brick under other equal preparation conditions, reduce The percent defective that air brick finished product is brought by ventilative deficiency.The invention is stripped by smearing lubricant, attached without being mixed with auxiliary material Influences the brushing of coating in gas brick surface.
The content of the invention
1. the invention technical problem to be solved
For exist in the prior art aerated bricks local pressure it is uneven when easily ftracture, auxiliary material addition is few, wide in variety add The problem of added-time mixes inequality and influences gas brick quality, the invention provides a kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology. Slurry and powder are filtered and screened by increasing filter and screening plant by it, and the aerated bricks particle produced is equal Even, no bulky grain influences the uniform force of aerated bricks.
2. technical scheme
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:
A kind of aerated bricks production system, including slurry process units, powder process units and apparatus for pouring, the slurry life Producing device includes feed mechanism, wet-milling mechanism, filter mechanism and temporary storage mechanism, and the feed mechanism feeding is wet to wet-milling mechanism Grinding machine structure and filter mechanism are communicated;Slurry after being filtered through filter mechanism is passed directly into inside temporary storage mechanism;Temporary storage mechanism is external Grout outlet and shurry pump by shurry pump toward slurry tank, by the setting of filter mechanism, by the bulky grain mistake in the slurry after wet-milling Filter;The powder process units includes disintegrating machine, dry grinding mechanism and sorting mechanism, and the disintegrating machine passes through the feeding of hoisting mechanism I To dry grinding mechanism, dry grinding mechanism and sorting mechanism are communicated;Powder after being screened through sorting mechanism sends into powder by hoisting mechanism II Batch can, by the setting of sorting mechanism, the bulky grain in the powder after dry type ball milling is screened;The apparatus for pouring includes cast Tank, slurry tank, powder material tank, the slurry tank are communicated by slurry pipe and pouring can, the conveying that powder material tank is set by its bottom Mechanism and pouring can are communicated;Connect under the pouring can and pouring truck is set immediately below cast jet pipe, cast jet pipe.By increasing filtering Mechanism and sorting mechanism, obtained aerated bricks steady quality, finished product aerated bricks internal particle are uniform, no bulky grain influence gas brick Uniform force, internal void is uniform in size.
Further technical scheme, the wet-milling mechanism includes the wet-milling material receiving port, wet-milling charging aperture, wet-milling being sequentially communicated Cylinder and wet-milling discharging opening, in addition to the wet-milling power part of wet-milling barrel body rotation power is provided;Connected outside the wet-milling material receiving port Expect the blanking port of mechanism;The feeding mouth of the external filter mechanism of wet-milling discharging opening;The dry grinding mechanism includes what is be sequentially communicated Dry grind material receiving port, dry grinding charging aperture, dry grinding cylinder and dry grinding discharging opening, in addition to provide dry grinding barrel body rotation power dry grinding move Power portion;The blanking port of the dry grinding external hoisting mechanism I of material receiving port;The feeding mouth of the dry grinding external sorting mechanism of discharging opening, Unified monolithic construction is formed, production technology is unobstructed, efficiency high;Mixer A built in the pouring can, to improve the equal of mixing Even degree, it is ensured that the stabilization of the gas brick quality of production;The conveying mechanism is horizontal feed auger or scraper plate, and transfer efficiency is high, Cost is low.
Further technical scheme, the filter mechanism is drum-type filtering, including wet-milling net cylinder, wet-milling rewinding mouth, wet Grind residue outlet and wet-milling slag recovering box;The wet-milling net cylinder is directly fixedly connected with wet-milling discharging opening, and is turned with wet-milling cylindrical body synchronous It is dynamic;The wet-milling rewinding mouth is fixed on the underface of wet-milling net cylinder, the slurry after the cylinder filtering of wet-milling net by with wet-milling rewinding mouth The wet-milling tremie pipe communicated is passed through temporary storage mechanism;The top of the wet-milling residue outlet and the slag notch of wet-milling net cylinder end are communicated, The end of wet-milling residue outlet is slagged tap to wet-milling slag recovering box, and wet-milling net cylinder can link into an integrated entity with wet-milling cylinder, material wet-milling After be directly entered the cylinder filtering of wet-milling net, slurry and wet-milling material residue are separated by wet-milling net cylinder, wet-milling material residue can also repeat profit With production cost is low;The sorting mechanism is drum-type screening, including dry grinding net cylinder, dry grinding rewinding mouth, dry grinding residue outlet and dry Grind slag recovering box;The dry grinding net cylinder is directly fixedly connected with dry grinding discharging opening, and is rotated with dry grinding cylindrical body synchronous;The dry grinding is received Material mouth is fixed on the underface of dry grinding net cylinder, and the powder after dry grinding net shaft screen choosing passes through the hoisting mechanism that is communicated with dry grinding rewinding mouth In II feeding powder material tank;The top of the dry grinding residue outlet and the dry grinding slag notch of dry grinding net cylinder end are communicated, residue outlet of dry grinding End be connected with dry grinding slag recovering box, dry grinding net cylinder can link into an integrated entity with cylinder of dry grinding, and directly enter after powder dry type ball milling The net shaft screen that enters to dry grind is selected, and by dry grinding, net cylinder separates powder and dry grinding bulky grain material residue, and dry grinding material residue can also be reused, Production cost is low;The puddler of the mixer A and mixer B are respectively the puddler A and puddler B in " string " font, are stirred Mix efficiency high, no dead angle.
Further technical scheme, wet-milling power part includes wet-milling motor, wet-milling reductor, the wet-milling connection that driven type is connected Axle device, wet-milling belt bearing, wet-milling belt, wet-milling base bearing and wet-milling actively and passively belt pulley, wet-milling drive pulley On the power transmission shaft for being fixed on wet-milling reductor, negative pulley wheel is fixed on wet-milling cylinder, belt-type transmission, wet-milling net cylinder and wet The rotation of grinding cylinder is paused continuously, and abrasive material and filtering stability are strong;The net cylinder periphery is covered with sealing drum, and sealing drum passes through dust pipe Communicated with dedusting mechanism, both avoiding can also reuse after dust pollution, dust collection;It is also external at the top of the pouring can to add Heat engine structure, improves reaction speed and stirring efficiency.
Further technical scheme, wet-milling base bearing is 2, the both sides of point row wet-milling cylinder;The wet-milling belt bearing Also it is 2, the both sides of point row wet-milling drive pulley, it is possible to increase the stability of wet-milling pulley rotation;The dedusting mechanism For bag-type dust, good airproof performance is easily collected, efficiency high;The heating arrangements heat for steam, pass through steam pipe and pouring can Communicate, the efficiency of heating surface is high, can be acted synergistically with mixer A, further improve the reaction speed of various dispensings.
Further technical scheme, the periphery of wet-milling actively and passively belt pulley is covered with wet-milling belt guard ring, it is to avoid operation Risk and debris are involved in wet-milling belt;The dry grinding power part includes the driven type dry grinding motor connected, reductor of dry grinding, dry grinding Shaft coupling, dry grinding belt bearing, dry grinding belt, dry grinding base bearing and actively and passively belt pulley of dry grinding, drive pulley of dry grinding Wheel is fixed on the power transmission shaft of dry grinding reductor, and dry grinding negative pulley wheel is fixed on ball milling cylinder;Dry grinding net cylinder and dry grinding cylinder The rotation of body is paused continuously, and abrasive material and screening stability are strong;The bottom of the powder material tank is in the taper tubular to closing in, and blanking is without dead Angle.
Further technical scheme, the temporary storage mechanism is scratch pool, is arranged on below ground, using slurry from density current Under, manufacture and production cost are low;The feed mechanism is elevator or belt conveyer, can be entered according to the upper discharge position of raw material The corresponding selection of row;The dry grinding base bearing is 2, the both sides of point row dry grinding cylinder, to improve the stabilization of dry grinding cylinder dry grinding Property;The dry grinding belt bearing is also 2, the both sides of point row dry grinding drive pulley, it is possible to increase dry grinding pulley rotation Stability.
Further technical scheme, scratch pool is sealing pond, it is to avoid debris falls into slurry, and closure center is fixed with wet Grind the downwardly extending wet-milling agitator of puddler, it is to avoid slurry is layered;The periphery of the dry grinding actively and passively belt pulley is covered with dry grinding Belt guard ring, it is to avoid operational risk and debris are involved in dry grinding belt.
Further technical scheme, wet-milling puddler is in " soil " font, and cross bar length is slightly less than scratch pool internal diameter, stirs model Enclose big, it is to avoid stirring dead angle;The powder process units also includes dry grinding temporary storage tank, can be provided with 2, motor-driven to improve Property, the first feeding of hoisting mechanism I to temporary storage tank of dry grinding, the outlet at bottom and the dry grinding material receiving port of dry grinding mechanism of temporary storage tank of dry grinding Communicate;The hoisting mechanism I and hoisting mechanism II are bucket elevator, and raising efficiency is high.
Further technical scheme, the powder process units also includes the cooling body that dry grinding mechanism is arranged above; The cooling body is shower, directly ball milling cylinder is cooled down, it is to avoid dry type ball milling causes powder temperature too high and produced Raw adverse reaction;Collecting-tank is provided with immediately below the dry grinding mechanism, collects cooling water to recycle, it is to avoid is wasted.
A kind of production technology of aerated bricks production system, step is:
Step 1: the making of flyash slurry:
A, feeding:Coal ash lifting is gone up to wet-milling material receiving port by material by feed mechanism;
B, ball milling:Flyash enters wet-milling cylinder after wet-milling charging aperture again to be carried out after wet ball-milling, ball milling, in wet-milling Draw in cylinder under the guiding of flitch, discharging to wet-milling discharging opening;
C, filtering:Flyash carries out drum-type filtering by wet-milling discharge hole for discharge to wet-milling net cylinder after ball milling;It is filtered Cheng Zhong, the incomplete bulky grain flyash of ball milling is discharged to the recovery of wet-milling slag recovering box by wet-milling residue outlet, returns to feeder Structure;
D, storage:The lower slurry of wet-milling net cylinder filter is passed through scratch pool by wet-milling rewinding mouth and wet-milling tremie pipe, then through pulp Pipe and shurry pump are by shurry pump toward slurry tank;
Step 2: the making of foaming modification powder:
A, dispensing:Cement, starch and aluminium powder are taken, is prepared by regulation proportioning;
B, mixing:After step A preparation powder is well mixed, adds water and be stirred into pre-hardening body;
C, enter mould:Pre-hardening body is tiled into mould;
D, drying:It is transferred to after drying machine drying and lump material is made;
It is E, broken:Lump material input disintegrating machine is crushed;
It is F, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I first to be kept in;
G, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding dry grinding temporary storage tank is opened, material, which is fallen into after material receiving port, enters the progress of dry mill structure After dry type ball milling, ball milling, draw in dry grinding cylinder under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening;Spray is opened in mechanical milling process Shower pipe carries out fountain cooling to dry grinding cylinder;
H, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by discharge hole for discharge to net cylinder of dry grinding of dry grinding after ball milling;Screening process In, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling are gone out by slag notch of dry grinding After material is reclaimed to dry grinding slag tapping box, dry grinding temporary storage tank is returned;
J, storage:After minus sieve material is by rewinding mouth blanking to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II of dry grinding, boosted mechanism II is lifted Stored for future use in powder material tank, is made foaming modification powder;
Step 3: the making of pulverized limestone:
It is A, broken:Lime block input disintegrating machine is crushed;
It is B, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I first to be kept in;
C, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding temporary storage tank is opened, material, which is fallen into, enters the progress of dry mill structure after dry grinding material receiving port After dry type ball milling, ball milling, draw in dry grinding cylinder under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening;Spray is opened in mechanical milling process Shower pipe carries out fountain cooling to dry grinding cylinder;
D, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by discharge hole for discharge to net cylinder of dry grinding of dry grinding after ball milling;Screening process In, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling are gone out by slag notch of dry grinding After material is reclaimed to dry grinding slag recovering box, temporary storage tank dry grinding is returned;
E, storage:The lower lime powder of sieve is dry grinded by rewinding mouth behind blanking to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II, boosted mechanism II It is promoted to stored for future use in powder material tank;
Step 4: opening slurry tank bottom switch after flyash slurry made from wet ball-milling is weighed, slurry flows naturally Enter pouring can;
Step 5: pulverized limestone, cement and foaming modification powder made from dry type ball milling are lifted by regulation proportioning by powder Machine is promoted in powder material tank;And pouring can is passed through by conveying mechanism;
Step 6: stirring:Start mixer A slurry and powder stirring is uniform;
Step 7: cast:Pouring can bottom switch is opened, material is flowed into after cast jet pipe naturally, is poured into underface and is set In the pouring truck put;
Step 8: precuring:Pouring truck push-in precuring room is stood into precuring;
Step 9: cutting:Cutting rack is transferred to after precuring by driving to be cut;
Step 10: steam pressure:Steam pressure tank is pushed into after cutting and carries out steam pressure;
Step 11: cooling:After the completion of steam pressure, natural cooling finished product.
The making step of foaming modification powder is in further production technology, step 2:
A, dispensing:Cement, starch and aluminium powder are taken, is prepared by regulation proportioning;
B, mixing:After step A preparation powder is well mixed, adds water and be stirred into pre-hardening body;
C, enter mould:Pre-hardening body is tiled into mould;
It is D, quick-frozen:It is transferred to quick freezing repository snap frozen;
It is E, lyophilized:It is transferred to after being freezed in vacuum freeze drying cabin and lump material is made;
It is F, broken:Lump material input disintegrating machine is crushed;
It is G, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I first to be kept in;
H, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding dry grinding temporary storage tank is opened, material, which is fallen into after material receiving port, enters the progress of dry mill structure After dry type ball milling, ball milling, draw in dry grinding cylinder under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening;Spray is opened in mechanical milling process Shower pipe carries out fountain cooling to dry grinding cylinder;
I, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by discharge hole for discharge to net cylinder of dry grinding of dry grinding after ball milling;Screening process In, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling are gone out by slag notch of dry grinding After material is reclaimed to dry grinding slag tapping box, dry grinding temporary storage tank is returned;
J, storage:After minus sieve material is by rewinding mouth blanking to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II of dry grinding, boosted mechanism II is lifted Stored for future use in powder material tank, is made lyophilized foaming modification powder.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme provided using the present invention, compared with prior art, is had the advantages that:
(1) a kind of aerated bricks production system of the invention, can screen dry grinding and the halfway large granular materials of wet-milling And filtering, the gas brick uniform force produced, internal void size also uniformity;
(2) a kind of aerated bricks production system of the invention, wet/dry grinding net cylinder can link into an integrated entity with wet/dry grinding cylinder Formula structure, dry grinding net cylinder filtering/screening that material is wet/being directly entered after dry grinding mill wet/, by wet/dry grinding net cylinder by slurry/powder and Wet/dry grinding material residue is separated, and wet/dry grinding material residue can also be reused, and production cost is low;The setting of two mixers, improves thing The uniformity of mixing before material cast, to ensure the steady quality of aerated bricks;
(3) a kind of aerated bricks production system of the invention, wet/dry grinding net cylinder of wet/dry grinding belt-type transmission and wet/dry grinding The rotation of cylinder is paused continuously, and wet/dry grinding abrasive material and filtering/screening stability are strong;Puddler A is in " string " font, is stirred without dead angle, To improve stirring efficiency;
(4) a kind of aerated bricks production system of the invention, wet/dry base bearing point arranges the both sides of wet/dry grinding cylinder, Neng Gouti High wet/dry cylinder is wet/stability of dry grinding;The setting of heating arrangements, can shorten mixing time, to improve production efficiency;
(5) a kind of aerated bricks production system of the invention, setting of the wet/dry hide with guard ring, can avoid operational risk and Debris is involved in wet/dry hide band;Heating arrangements heat for steam, can directly impact slurry, and the efficiency of heating surface is high, can be with agitator association Same-action, further improves the reaction speed of various dispensings;
(6) a kind of aerated bricks production system of the invention, the setting of sealing drum both avoids dust pollution, dust collection After can also reuse;Scratch pool is arranged on below ground, is flowed down using slurry deadweight, manufacture and production cost are low;
(7) aerated bricks production system of the invention, scratch pool is sealing pond, it is to avoid debris falls into slurry;Wet-milling agitator Slurry can be avoided to be layered;Bag-type dust, good airproof performance is easily collected, efficiency high;
(8) aerated bricks production system of the invention, wet-milling puddler stirring scope is big, it is to avoid stirring dead angle;
(9) aerated bricks production system of the invention, shower is directly cooled down to dry grinding cylinder, it is to avoid dry type ball milling is led Cause powder temperature too high and produce adverse reaction;Collecting-tank can collect cooling water, it is to avoid waste;
(10) it is in the processing technology of aerated bricks production system of the invention, aerated bricks manufacturing process, addition is fewer Aluminium powder be amplified and positioned with cement and starch, make full use of during the pre-hardening heat release of cement promotes starch conversion, by aluminium Powder carries out starch adsorption positioning, it is to avoid because density is different and causes position not during standing precuring of the aluminium powder below Stabilization is so as to finally influence the uniformity of foam positions and the uniformity of internal void size.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is aerated bricks operation system structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the apparatus for pouring structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the slurry process units structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the powder process units structural representation in the present invention.
In figure:1st, slurry process units;2nd, powder process units;3rd, apparatus for pouring;11st, feed mechanism;12nd, wet milk Structure;13rd, filter mechanism;14th, temporary storage mechanism;121st, wet-milling material receiving port;122nd, wet-milling charging aperture;123rd, wet-milling cylinder;124th, it is wet Grind power part;125th, wet-milling belt guard ring;126th, wet-milling discharging opening;131st, wet-milling net cylinder;132nd, wet-milling rewinding mouth;133rd, wet-milling Residue outlet;134th, wet-milling slag recovering box;135th, wet-milling tremie pipe;141st, scratch pool;142nd, wet-milling agitator;143rd, wet-milling is stirred Bar;144th, shurry pump;145th, grout outlet;1241st, wet-milling motor;1242nd, wet-milling reductor;1243rd, wet-milling shaft coupling;1244、 Wet-milling belt bearing;1245th, wet-milling belt;1246th, wet-milling base bearing;21st, disintegrating machine;22nd, dry grinding mechanism;23rd, hoisting mechanism Ⅰ;24th, dry grinding temporary storage tank;25th, sorting mechanism;27th, dedusting mechanism;28th, cooling body;29th, collecting-tank;221st, dry grinding material receiving port; 222nd, dry grinding charging aperture;223rd, dry grinding cylinder;224th, dry grinding power part;225th, dry grinding belt guard ring;226th, dry grinding discharging opening; 251st, dry grinding net cylinder;252nd, sealing drum;253rd, dry grinding rewinding mouth;254th, dry grinding residue outlet;255th, dry grinding slag tapping box;256th, lifted Mechanism II;271st, dust pipe;2241st, dry grinding motor;2244th, dry grinding belt bearing;2246th, dry grinding base bearing;2511st, dry grind out Cinder notch;31st, pouring can;32nd, slurry tank;33rd, powder material tank;35th, heating arrangements;37th, conveying mechanism;38th, jet pipe is poured into a mould;39th, pour Note car;311st, mixer A;341st, mixer B;3111st, puddler A.
Embodiment
To further appreciate that present disclosure, with reference to accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, 2, including slurry process units 1, powder process units 2 With apparatus for pouring 3, as shown in figure 3, the slurry process units 1 include feed mechanism 11, wet-milling mechanism 12, the and of filter mechanism 13 Temporary storage mechanism 14, the feeding of feed mechanism 11 to wet-milling mechanism 12, wet-milling mechanism 12 and filter mechanism 13 are communicated;Through filter Slurry after structure 13 is filtered is passed directly into inside temporary storage mechanism 14;The external grout outlet 145 of temporary storage mechanism 14 and shurry pump 144 will expect Stock pump, by the setting of filter mechanism 14, the bulky grain in the slurry after wet-milling is filtered toward slurry tank 32;As shown in figure 4, institute Stating powder process units 2 includes disintegrating machine 21, dry grinding mechanism 22 and sorting mechanism 25, and the disintegrating machine 21 passes through hoisting mechanism I 23 feedings to mechanism 22 of dry grinding, dry grinding mechanism 22 and sorting mechanism 25 is communicated;Powder after being screened through sorting mechanism 25 is by carrying The feeding powder material tank 33 of mechanism II 256 is risen, by the setting of sorting mechanism 25, the bulky grain in the powder after dry type ball milling is sieved Choosing;The apparatus for pouring 3 includes pouring can 31, slurry tank 32 and powder material tank 33, and the slurry tank 32 passes through slurry pipe and cast Tank 31 is communicated, and the conveying mechanism 37 and pouring can 31 that powder material tank 33 is set by its bottom are communicated;Connect and pour under the pouring can 31 Note and pouring truck 39 is set immediately below jet pipe 38, cast jet pipe 38.
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, slurry is passed through slurry tank 32, powder, including dry grinding system by grout outlet 145 The pulverized limestone and cement flour obtained, is promoted to powder material tank 33, by increasing filter mechanism 13 and sorting mechanism by hoisting mechanism II 256 25, obtained aerated bricks steady quality, finished product aerated bricks internal particle is uniform, and no bulky grain influences the uniform force of gas brick, Internal void is uniform in size.
Embodiment 2
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 1 is different and the improvement is that:Wet milk Structure 12 includes wet-milling material receiving port 121, wet-milling charging aperture 122, wet-milling cylinder 123 and the wet-milling discharging opening 126 being sequentially communicated, and also wraps Include the wet-milling power part 124 that the rotational power of wet-milling cylinder 123 is provided;The external feed mechanism 11 of wet-milling material receiving port 121 falls Material mouth;The feeding mouth of the external filter mechanism 13 of wet-milling discharging opening 126;The dry grinding mechanism 22 includes the dry grinding being sequentially communicated Material receiving port 221, dry grinding charging aperture 222, dry grinding cylinder 223 and dry grinding discharging opening 226, in addition to offer dry grinding cylinder 223 are rotated The dry grinding power part 224 of power;The blanking port of the dry grinding external hoisting mechanism I 23 of material receiving port 221;The dry grinding discharging opening The feeding mouth of 226 external sorting mechanisms 25, forms unified monolithic construction, and production technology is unobstructed, efficiency high;The pouring can Mixer A311 built in 31, to improve the uniformity coefficient of mixing, it is ensured that the stabilization of the gas brick quality of production;The conveying mechanism 37 For horizontal feed auger or scraper plate, transfer efficiency is high, and cost is low.
Embodiment 3
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 2 is different and the improvement is that:Filter Structure 13 filters for drum-type, including wet-milling net cylinder 131, wet-milling rewinding mouth 132, wet-milling residue outlet 133 and wet-milling slag recovering box 134; Wet-milling net cylinder 131 is directly fixedly connected with wet-milling discharging opening 126, and with the synchronous axial system of wet-milling cylinder 123;The wet-milling is received Material mouth 132 is fixed on the underface of wet-milling net cylinder 131, the slurry after the filtering of wet-milling net cylinder 131 by with the phase of wet-milling rewinding mouth 132 Logical wet-milling tremie pipe 135 is passed through temporary storage mechanism 14;The top of the wet-milling residue outlet 133 and going out for wet-milling net 131 ends of cylinder Cinder notch is communicated, and the end of wet-milling residue outlet 133 is slagged tap to wet-milling slag recovering box 134, and wet-milling net cylinder 131 can be with wet-milling cylinder 123 are linked into an integrated entity, and wet-milling net cylinder 131 is directly entered after material wet-milling and is filtered, by wet-milling net cylinder 131 by slurry and wet-milling material Slag is separated, and wet-milling material residue can also be reused, and production cost is low;The sorting mechanism 25 screens for drum-type, including dry grinding Net cylinder 251, dry grinding rewinding mouth 253, dry grinding residue outlet 254 and dry grinding slag recovering box 255;The dry grinding net cylinder 251 is direct and dry grinds Discharging opening 226 is fixedly connected, and and the dry grinding synchronous axial system of cylinder 223;The dry grinding rewinding mouth 253 is fixed on dry grinding net cylinder 251 Underface, the powder after dry grinding net cylinder 251 is screened sends into powder by the hoisting mechanism II 256 communicated with dry grinding rewinding mouth 253 In batch can 33;The top of the dry grinding residue outlet 254 and the dry grinding slag notch 2511 of the end of dry grinding net cylinder 251 are communicated, and are dry grinded out The end of slag pipe 254 is connected with dry grinding slag recovering box 255, and dry grinding net cylinder 251 can link into an integrated entity with dry grinding cylinder 223, powder It is directly entered dry grinding net cylinder 251 after dry type ball milling to screen, by dry grinding, net cylinder 251 separates powder and dry grinding bulky grain material residue, Dry grinding material residue can also be reused, and production cost is low;The puddler of the mixer A311 and mixer B341 are respectively to be in The puddler A3111 and puddler B3411 of " string " font, stirring efficiency are high, no dead angle.
Embodiment 4
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 3 is different and the improvement is that:Wet-milling is moved Power portion 124 includes wet-milling motor 1241, wet-milling reductor 1242, wet-milling shaft coupling 1243, the wet-milling belt shaft that driven type is connected 1244, wet-milling belt 1245, wet-milling base bearing 1246 and wet-milling actively and passively belt pulley are held, wet-milling drive pulley is fixed In on the power transmission shaft of wet-milling reductor 1242, negative pulley wheel is fixed on wet-milling cylinder 123, belt-type transmission, wet-milling net cylinder 131 and the rotation of wet-milling cylinder 123 pause continuously, abrasive material and filtering stability are strong;The periphery of net cylinder 251 is covered with sealing drum 252, Sealing drum 252 is communicated by dust pipe 271 and dedusting mechanism 27, and profit can also be repeated by both avoiding after dust pollution, dust collection With;The also external heating arrangements 35 in the top of pouring can 1, improve reaction speed and stirring efficiency.
Embodiment 5
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 4 is different and the improvement is that:Wet-milling master Bearing 1246 is 2, the both sides of point row wet-milling cylinder 123;The wet-milling belt bearing 1244 is also 2, and point row wet-milling is actively The both sides of belt pulley, it is possible to increase the stability of wet-milling pulley rotation;The dedusting mechanism 27 is bag-type dust, sealing It is good, easily collect, efficiency high;The heating arrangements 35 heat for steam, are communicated by steam pipe and pouring can 1, the efficiency of heating surface Height, can act synergistically with mixer A311, further improve the reaction speed of various dispensings.
The production technology of the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, makes grey aerated bricks, and its step is:
Step 1: the making of flyash slurry:
A, feeding:Coal ash lifting is gone up to wet-milling material receiving port 121 by material by feed mechanism 11;
B, ball milling:Flyash enters wet-milling cylinder 123 after wet-milling charging aperture 122 again to be carried out after wet ball-milling, ball milling, Under the guiding for drawing flitch in wet-milling cylinder 123, discharging to wet-milling discharging opening 126;
C, filtering:Flyash is discharged to wet-milling net cylinder 131 by wet-milling discharging opening 126 and carries out drum-type filtering after ball milling; In filter process, the incomplete bulky grain flyash of ball milling is discharged to wet-milling slag recovering box 134 by wet-milling residue outlet 133 to be reclaimed Afterwards, feed mechanism 11 is returned;
D, storage:The lower slurry of the filter of wet-milling net cylinder 131 is passed through temporary storage machine by wet-milling rewinding mouth 132 and wet-milling tremie pipe 135 Structure 14, then through grout outlet 145 and shurry pump 144 by shurry pump toward slurry tank 32;
Step 2: the making of pulverized limestone:
It is A, broken:Lime block input disintegrating machine 21 is crushed;
It is B, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank 24 of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I 23 first to be kept in;
C, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding temporary storage tank 24 is opened, material enters dry mill structure after falling into dry grinding material receiving port 221 22 are carried out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, are drawn in dry grinding cylinder 223 under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening 226;Ball milling During open shower to dry grinding cylinder 223 carry out fountain cooling;
D, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by the discharging of discharging opening 226 to dry grinding net cylinder 251 of dry grinding after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank 33;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry grinding After the discharging of slag notch 2511 is reclaimed to dry grinding slag recovering box 255, temporary storage tank dry grinding 24 is returned;
E, storage:The lower lime powder of sieve is dry grinded by rewinding mouth behind 253 blankings to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II 256, boosted Mechanism II 256 is promoted to stored for future use in powder material tank 33;
Step 3: opening the bottom switch of slurry tank 32 after flyash slurry made from wet ball-milling is weighed, slurry is natural Flow into pouring can 31;
Step 4: pulverized limestone made from dry type ball milling and cement are pressed into 2:1 proportioning is promoted to by hoisting mechanism II 256 In powder material tank 33;Lead to by the pulverized limestone and cement mixing powder of 1/2 weight of flyash net content in step 3 flyash slurry Cross conveying mechanism 37 and be passed through pouring can 31;
Step 5: stirring:Start mixer A311 slurry and powder stirring is uniform;
Step 6: cast:The bottom switch of pouring can 31 is opened, material is flowed into after cast jet pipe 38 naturally, under being poured into just In the pouring truck 39 that side is set;
Step 7: precuring:Pouring truck 39 is pushed into precuring room and stands precuring;
Step 8: cutting:Cutting rack is transferred to after precuring by driving to be cut;
Step 9: steam pressure:Steam pressure tank is pushed into after cutting and carries out steam pressure;
Step 10: cooling:After the completion of steam pressure, natural cooling finished product.
Embodiment 6
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 5 is different and the improvement is that:Wet-milling master The periphery of dynamic and negative pulley wheel is covered with wet-milling belt guard ring 125, it is to avoid operational risk and debris are involved in wet-milling belt;It is described dry Grinding power part 224 includes dry grinding motor 2241, dry grinding reductor, dry grinding shaft coupling, dry grinding belt bearing that driven type is connected 2244th, dry grinding belt, dry grinding base bearing 2246 and actively and passively belt pulley of dry grinding, dry grinding drive pulley are fixed on dry grinding On the power transmission shaft of reductor, dry grinding negative pulley wheel is fixed on ball milling cylinder 223;Dry grinding net cylinder 251 and cylinder 223 of dry grinding Rotation is paused continuously, and abrasive material and screening stability are strong;The bottom of the powder material tank 33 is in the taper tubular to closing in, and blanking is without dead Angle.
The production technology of the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, makes grey aerated bricks, and its step is:
Step 1: the making of flyash slurry:
A, feeding:Coal ash lifting is gone up to wet-milling material receiving port 121 by material by feed mechanism 11;
B, ball milling:Flyash enters wet-milling cylinder 123 after wet-milling charging aperture 122 again to be carried out after wet ball-milling, ball milling, Under the guiding for drawing flitch in wet-milling cylinder 123, discharging to wet-milling discharging opening 126;
C, filtering:Flyash is discharged to wet-milling net cylinder 131 by wet-milling discharging opening 126 and carries out drum-type filtering after ball milling; In filter process, the incomplete bulky grain flyash of ball milling is discharged to wet-milling slag recovering box 134 by wet-milling residue outlet 133 to be reclaimed Afterwards, feed mechanism 11 is returned;
D, storage:The lower slurry of the filter of wet-milling net cylinder 131 is passed through temporary storage machine by wet-milling rewinding mouth 132 and wet-milling tremie pipe 135 Structure 14, then through grout outlet 145 and shurry pump 144 by shurry pump toward slurry tank 32;
Step 2: the making of foaming modification powder:
A, dispensing:Cement, starch and aluminium powder are taken, by 4:2:1 weight proportion is prepared, and is made 200 kilograms;
B, mixing:After step A preparation powder is well mixed, adds water and be stirred into pre-hardening body, the weight of water is 80 kilograms;
C, enter mould:Pre-hardening body is tiled into mould, disk amount is spread:4kg/m2
D, drying:It is transferred to after drying machine drying and lump material is made;
It is E, broken:Lump material input disintegrating machine 21 is crushed;
It is F, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank 24 of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I 23 first to be kept in;
G, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding dry grinding temporary storage tank 24 is opened, material, which is fallen into, enters dry mill structure after material receiving port 221 22 are carried out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, are drawn in dry grinding cylinder 223 under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening 226;Ball milling During open shower to dry grinding cylinder 223 carry out fountain cooling;
H, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by the discharging of discharging opening 226 to dry grinding net cylinder 251 of dry grinding after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank 33;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry grinding After the discharging of slag notch 2511 is reclaimed to dry grinding slag tapping box 255, dry grinding temporary storage tank 24 is returned;
I, storage:After minus sieve material is by the blanking of rewinding mouth 253 to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II 256 of dry grinding, boosted mechanism II 256 are promoted to stored for future use in powder material tank 33, and foaming modification powder is made;
Step 3: the making of pulverized limestone:
It is A, broken:Lime block input disintegrating machine 21 is crushed;
It is B, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank 24 of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I 23 first to be kept in;
C, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding temporary storage tank 24 is opened, material enters dry mill structure after falling into dry grinding material receiving port 221 22 are carried out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, are drawn in dry grinding cylinder 223 under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening 226;Ball milling During open shower to dry grinding cylinder 223 carry out fountain cooling;
D, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by the discharging of discharging opening 226 to dry grinding net cylinder 251 of dry grinding after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank 33;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry grinding After the discharging of slag notch 2511 is reclaimed to dry grinding slag recovering box 255, temporary storage tank dry grinding 24 is returned;
E, storage:The lower lime powder of sieve is dry grinded by rewinding mouth behind 253 blankings to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II 256, boosted Mechanism II 256 is promoted to stored for future use in powder material tank 33;
Step 4: opening the bottom switch of slurry tank 32 after flyash slurry made from wet ball-milling is weighed, slurry is natural Flow into pouring can 31;
Step 5: pulverized limestone, cement and foaming modification powder made from dry type ball milling are pressed into 20:10:3 proportioning passes through powder Elevator 31 is promoted in powder material tank 33;By the pulverized limestone of 1/2 weight of flyash net content in step 4 flyash slurry and Cement mixing powder is passed through pouring can 31 by conveying mechanism 37;
Step 6: stirring:Start mixer A311 slurry and powder stirring is uniform;
Step 7: cast:The bottom switch of pouring can 31 is opened, material is flowed into after cast jet pipe 38 naturally, under being poured into just In the pouring truck 39 that side is set;
Step 8: precuring:Pouring truck 39 is pushed into precuring room and stands 40~60min of precuring;
Step 9: cutting:Cutting rack is transferred to after precuring by driving to be cut;
Step 10: steam pressure:Steam pressure tank is pushed into after cutting and carries out steam pressure, steam pressure pressure tank is 10~12 kilograms, steam pressure time 1 ~2 hours;
Step 11: cooling:After the completion of steam pressure, natural cooling finished product.
During aerated bricks made from the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, the fewer aluminium powder of addition is put Big and positioning, makes full use of during the pre-hardening heat release promotion starch conversion of cement, aluminium powder is carried out into starch adsorption positioning, it is to avoid Because density is different and causes position unstable so as to finally influenceing foam positions during standing precuring of the aluminium powder below Uniformity and internal void size uniformity.
Embodiment 7
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 6 is different and the improvement is that:It is described temporary Mechanism 14 is deposited for scratch pool 141, below ground is arranged on, is flowed down using slurry deadweight, manufacture and production cost are low;The feeding Mechanism 11 is elevator or belt conveyer, can accordingly be selected according to the upper discharge position of raw material;The dry grinding main shaft It is 2 to hold 2246, the both sides of point row dry grinding cylinder 223, to improve the stability that dry grinding cylinder 223 is dry grinded;The dry grinding belt Bearing 2244 is also 2, the both sides of point row dry grinding drive pulley, it is possible to increase the stability of dry grinding pulley rotation.
The production technology of the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, the grey aerated bricks of making, its basic step be the same as Example 6, It is different and the improvement is that:The making of step 2 foaming modification powder, its production craft step is:
A, dispensing:Cement, starch and aluminium powder are taken, by 4:2:1 weight proportion is prepared, and is made 200 kilograms;
B, mixing:After step A preparation powder is well mixed, adds water and be stirred into pre-hardening body, the weight of water is public for 100 Jin;
C, enter mould:Pre-hardening body is tiled into mould, disk amount is spread:6kg/m2
It is D, quick-frozen:It is transferred to quick freezing repository snap frozen;
It is E, lyophilized:It is transferred to 50m2Lump material is made after being freezed in the vacuum freeze drying cabin of lyophilized area;
It is F, broken:Lump material input disintegrating machine 21 is crushed;
It is G, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank 24 of dry grinding is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I 23 first to be kept in;
H, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding dry grinding temporary storage tank 24 is opened, material, which is fallen into, enters dry mill structure after material receiving port 221 22 are carried out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, are drawn in dry grinding cylinder 223 under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening 226;Ball milling During open shower to dry grinding cylinder 223 carry out fountain cooling;
I, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by the discharging of discharging opening 226 to dry grinding net cylinder 251 of dry grinding after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank 33;The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry grinding After the discharging of slag notch 2511 is reclaimed to dry grinding slag tapping box 255, dry grinding temporary storage tank 24 is returned;
J, storage:After minus sieve material is by the blanking of rewinding mouth 253 to the bottom of hoisting mechanism II 256 of dry grinding, boosted mechanism II 256 are promoted to stored for future use in powder material tank 33, and foaming modification powder is made.
Aerated bricks made from the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, compared to embodiment 6, foaming modification powder is used lyophilized Method is dehydrated to pre-hardening body, although drying cost increased, but ball milling is beaten powder and is more prone to, and obtained aluminium powder positioning is more Plus it is uniform, it is thus also avoided that cement causes precuring not thorough into the final set phase too early during drying.
Embodiment 8
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 7 is different and the improvement is that:Scratch pool 141 be sealing pond, it is to avoid debris falls into slurry, and closure center is fixed with the downwardly extending wet-milling agitator of wet-milling puddler 143 142, it is to avoid slurry is layered;The periphery of the dry grinding actively and passively belt pulley is covered with dry grinding belt guard ring 225, it is to avoid operation wind Danger and debris are involved in dry grinding belt.
The production technology of the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, the grey aerated bricks of making, its basic step be the same as Example 7, It is different and the improvement is that:The making of step 2 foaming modification powder, wherein:Step C paving mould thickness is 3~4cm, the present embodiment In be 3cm;In step D, quick freezing temperature is -15~-18 DEG C, and the quick-frozen time is 40~60 minutes, is 40 minutes in the present embodiment.
In step E, the curve of the vacuum freeze drying in vacuum freeze drying cabin is:
A, temperature raising period:Inner panel temperature is warming up to 100 ± 5 DEG C within 10~15 minutes, is evacuated within 150Pa;
B, water sublimed phase:100 DEG C of holding 1h of plate temperature, vacuum keeps 120 ± 5Pa;
C, middle temperature phase:Plate temperature drop to 80 DEG C of holding 2h, vacuum keeps 60~80Pa;
D, hypothermic phase:Plate temperature drop to 60 DEG C of holding 2h, vacuum keeps 40~60Pa;
E, final temperature phase:Plate temperature drop to 55 DEG C, 50 ± 1 DEG C of temperature of charge, vacuum keeps 40~50Pa, the gentle temperature of charge of plate Vacuum breaker export after 30min is kept in two horizontal parallel lines.
The lyophilized technique of foaming modification powder in aerated bricks made from the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, is for lyophilized Customized in preceding material characteristic, without traditional freeze-drying time of several hours of lyophilized technique 10, obtained lyophilized foaming modification powder Cost of manufacture is not higher than 50%, but applied in the production process of aerated bricks, i.e., the amplifying type application due to aluminium powder material is contracted significantly Short stirring and precuring time, after measured, the mixing time of pouring can was down to 5 minutes or so, during precuring by original 30 minutes Between can be down to 50 minutes or so by original 1.5 hours, prepared by aerated bricks in Air Bubble Size it is uniform, position is uniform, by force Degree is uniform, so as to solve the problem of easily being ftractureed when aerated bricks in the prior art have local pressure inequality.
Embodiment 9
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 8 is different and the improvement is that:Wet-milling is stirred Bar 143 is mixed in " soil " font, cross bar length is slightly less than the internal diameter of scratch pool 141, stirring scope is big, it is to avoid stirring dead angle;The powder Expect that process units 2 also includes dry grinding temporary storage tank 24,2 can be provided with, to improve mobility, the hoisting mechanism I 23 first on Material is to dry grinding temporary storage tank 24, and the outlet at bottom for temporary storage tank 24 of dry grinding and the dry grinding material receiving port 221 of dry grinding mechanism 22 are communicated;It is described to carry It is bucket elevator to rise mechanism I 23 and hoisting mechanism II 256, and raising efficiency is high.
The production technology of the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, its basic step be the same as Example 8 can be used for making sand Aerated bricks, in step one, the proportioning of flyash and yellow ground is 3:1 makes flyash and yellow ground slurry, and other steps are with implementation Example 8.
Embodiment 10
The aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, basic structure be the same as Example 9 is different and the improvement is that:Powder is given birth to Production device 2 also includes the cooling body 28 that dry grinding mechanism 22 is arranged above;The cooling body 28 is shower, directly to ball Grinding cylinder is cooled down, it is to avoid dry type ball milling causes powder temperature too high and produces adverse reaction;It is described dry grinding mechanism 22 just under Side is provided with collecting-tank 29, collects cooling water to recycle, it is to avoid waste.
The production technology of the aerated bricks production system of the present embodiment, its basic step be the same as Example 9, for make high temperature or Hypothermia grait aerated bricks, in step 7, adjust temperature in pouring can 31, regulation temperature is at 35~45 DEG C by heating arrangements 35 When, soft brick is made, at 50~55 DEG C, high temperature sand aerated bricks are made, heating arrangements 35 can be vapours.
Schematical above that the present invention and embodiments thereof are described, the description does not have restricted, institute in accompanying drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if the common skill of this area Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are designed and the technical scheme without creative Similar frame mode and embodiment, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of aerated bricks production system, including slurry process units (1), powder process units (2) and apparatus for pouring (3), its It is characterised by:
The slurry process units (1) includes feed mechanism (11), wet-milling mechanism (12), filter mechanism (13) and temporary storage mechanism (14), feed mechanism (11) feeding to wet-milling mechanism (12), wet-milling mechanism (12) and filter mechanism (13) is communicated;Through filtering It is internal that slurry after mechanism (13) filtering is passed directly into temporary storage mechanism (14);The external grout outlet of the temporary storage mechanism (14) (145) With shurry pump (144) by shurry pump toward slurry tank (32);
The powder process units (2) includes disintegrating machine (21), dry grinding mechanism (22) and sorting mechanism (25), the disintegrating machine (21) by hoisting mechanism I (23) feeding to mechanism of dry grinding (22), dry grinding mechanism (22) and sorting mechanism (25) are communicated;Through screening Powder after mechanism (25) screening sends into powder material tank (33) by hoisting mechanism II (256);
The apparatus for pouring (3) includes pouring can (31), slurry tank (32) and powder material tank (33), and the slurry tank (32) passes through material Slurry pipe and pouring can (31) are communicated, and the conveying mechanism (37) and pouring can (31) that powder material tank (33) is set by its bottom are communicated; Connect under the pouring can (31) and pouring truck (39) is set immediately below cast jet pipe (38), cast jet pipe (38).
2. aerated bricks production system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The wet-milling mechanism (12) includes wet-milling material receiving port (121), wet-milling charging aperture (122), the wet-milling cylinder being sequentially communicated (123) the wet-milling power part (124) that wet-milling cylinder (123) rotational power is provided and wet-milling discharging opening (126), is included;It is described The blanking port of wet-milling material receiving port (121) external feed mechanism (11);The external filter mechanism of the wet-milling discharging opening (126) (13) Feeding mouth;
The dry grinding mechanism (22) includes the dry grinding material receiving port (221), dry grinding charging aperture (222), dry grinding cylinder being sequentially communicated (223) and dry grinding discharging opening (226), include provide dry grinding cylinder (223) rotational power dry grinding power part (224);It is described The blanking port of dry grinding material receiving port (221) external hoisting mechanism I (23);Described dry grinding discharging opening (226) external sorting mechanism (25) Feeding mouth;
Mixer A (311) built in the pouring can (31);The conveying mechanism (37) is horizontal feed auger or scraper plate.
3. aerated bricks production system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The filter mechanism (13) is filtered for drum-type, including wet-milling net cylinder (131), wet-milling rewinding mouth (132), wet-milling residue outlet And wet-milling slag recovering box (134) (133);Wet-milling net cylinder (131) is directly fixedly connected with wet-milling discharging opening (126), and with it is wet Grinding cylinder (123) synchronous axial system;The wet-milling rewinding mouth (132) is fixed on the underface of wet-milling net cylinder (131), wet-milling net cylinder (131) slurry after filtering is passed through temporary storage mechanism (14) by the wet-milling tremie pipe (135) communicated with wet-milling rewinding mouth (132); The top of the wet-milling residue outlet (133) and the slag notch of wet-milling net cylinder (131) end are communicated, the end of wet-milling residue outlet (133) Bring out in slag to wet-milling slag recovering box (134);
The sorting mechanism (25) is screened for drum-type, including dry grinding net cylinder (251), dry grinding rewinding mouth (253), dry grinding residue outlet (254) and dry grinding slag recovering box (255);The dry grinding net cylinder (251) is directly fixedly connected with dry grinding discharging opening (226), and and dry Grinding cylinder (223) synchronous axial system;The dry grinding rewinding mouth (253) is fixed on the underface of dry grinding net cylinder (251), net cylinder of dry grinding (251) powder after screening with the hoisting mechanism II (256) that dry grinding rewinding mouth (253) is communicated by sending into powder material tank (33); The top of the dry grinding residue outlet (254) and the dry grinding slag notch (2511) of dry grinding net cylinder (251) end are communicated, residue outlet of dry grinding (254) end is connected with dry grinding slag recovering box (255);
The mixer A (311) and mixer B (341) puddler are respectively in the puddler A (3111) of " string " font and stirred Mix bar B (3411).
4. aerated bricks production system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
The wet-milling power part (124) includes wet-milling motor (1241), wet-milling reductor (1242), the wet-milling connection that driven type is connected Axle device (1243), wet-milling belt bearing (1244), wet-milling belt (1245), wet-milling base bearing (1246) and wet-milling actively and by Dynamic belt pulley, wet-milling drive pulley is fixed on the power transmission shaft of wet-milling reductor (1242), and negative pulley wheel is fixed on wet-milling On cylinder (123);
Net cylinder (251) periphery is covered with sealing drum (252), and sealing drum (252) passes through dust pipe (271) and dedusting mechanism (27) Communicate;
Also external heating arrangements (35) at the top of the pouring can (1).
5. aerated bricks production system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
The wet-milling base bearing (1246) is 2, the both sides of point row wet-milling cylinder (123);The wet-milling belt bearing (1244) Also it is 2, the both sides of point row wet-milling drive pulley;
The dedusting mechanism (27) is bag-type dust;
The heating arrangements (35) are heated for steam, are communicated by steam pipe and pouring can (1).
6. aerated bricks production system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
The periphery of the wet-milling actively and passively belt pulley is covered with wet-milling belt guard ring (125);
It is described dry grinding power part (224) include driven type connect dry grinding motor (2241), dry grinding reductor, dry grinding shaft coupling, Dry grinding belt bearing (2244), dry grinding belt, dry grinding base bearing (2246) and actively and passively belt pulley of dry grinding, dry grinding active Belt pulley is fixed on the power transmission shaft of dry grinding reductor, and dry grinding negative pulley wheel is fixed on ball milling cylinder (223);
The bottom of the powder material tank (33) is in the taper tubular to closing in.
7. aerated bricks production system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:
The temporary storage mechanism (14) is scratch pool (141);The feed mechanism (11) is elevator or belt conveyer;
The dry grinding base bearing (2246) is 2, the both sides of point row dry grinding cylinder (223);The dry grinding belt bearing (2244) Also it is 2, the both sides of point row dry grinding drive pulley.
8. aerated bricks production system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:
The scratch pool (141) is sealing pond, and closure center is fixed with the downwardly extending wet-milling agitator of wet-milling puddler (143) (142);
The wet-milling puddler (143) is in " soil " font, and cross bar length is slightly less than scratch pool (141) internal diameter;
The powder process units (2) also includes the cooling body that dry grinding temporary storage tank (24) and dry grinding mechanism (22) are arranged above (28), the first feeding of the hoisting mechanism I (23) is to temporary storage tank of dry grinding (24), the outlet at bottom and dry mill of dry grinding temporary storage tank (24) The dry grinding material receiving port (221) of structure (22) is communicated;The hoisting mechanism I (23) and hoisting mechanism II (256) are bucket elevator;Institute Cooling body (28) is stated for shower;Collecting-tank (29) is provided with immediately below the dry grinding mechanism (22);
The periphery of the dry grinding actively and passively belt pulley is covered with dry grinding belt guard ring (225).
9. a kind of production technology of aerated bricks production system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that step is:
Step 1: the making of flyash slurry:
A, feeding:Coal ash lifting is gone up to wet-milling material receiving port (121) by material by feed mechanism (11);
B, ball milling:Flyash enters wet-milling cylinder (123) after wet-milling charging aperture (122) again to be carried out after wet ball-milling, ball milling, Draw in wet-milling cylinder (123) under the guiding of flitch, discharging to wet-milling discharging opening (126);
C, filtering:Flyash is discharged to wet-milling net cylinder (131) by wet-milling discharging opening (126) and carries out drum-type filtering after ball milling; In filter process, the incomplete bulky grain flyash of ball milling is discharged to wet-milling slag recovering box (134) by wet-milling residue outlet (133) and returned After receipts, feed mechanism (11) is returned;
D, storage:The lower slurry of wet-milling net cylinder (131) filter is passed through temporary by wet-milling rewinding mouth (132) and wet-milling tremie pipe (135) Pond (141), then through grout outlet (145) and shurry pump (144) by shurry pump toward slurry tank (32);
Step 2: the making of foaming modification powder:
A, dispensing:Cement, starch and aluminium powder are taken, is prepared by regulation proportioning;
B, mixing:After step A preparation powder is well mixed, adds water and be stirred into pre-hardening body;
C, enter mould:Pre-hardening body is tiled into mould;
D, drying:It is transferred to after drying machine drying and lump material is made;
It is E, broken:Lump material input disintegrating machine (21) is crushed;
It is F, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank of dry grinding (24) is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I (23) first to be kept in;
G, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding dry grinding temporary storage tank (24) is opened, material falls into material receiving port (221) and enters dry mill structure afterwards (22) carry out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, draw in dry grinding cylinder (223) under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening (226);Shower is opened in mechanical milling process fountain cooling is carried out to dry grinding cylinder (223);
H, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by discharging opening of dry grinding (226) discharging to dry grinding net cylinder (251) after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank (33);The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry Grind after cinder notch (2511) discharging to dry grinding slag tapping box (255) recovery, return to dry grinding temporary storage tank (24);
J, storage:After minus sieve material is by rewinding mouth of dry grinding (253) blanking to hoisting mechanism II (256) bottom, boosted mechanism II (256) are promoted to powder material tank (33) interior stored for future use, and foaming modification powder is made;
Step 3: the making of pulverized limestone:
It is A, broken:Lime block input disintegrating machine (21) is crushed;
It is B, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank of dry grinding (24) is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I (23) first to be kept in;
C, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding temporary storage tank (24) is opened, material falls into dry grinding material receiving port (221) and enters dry mill structure afterwards (22) carry out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, draw in dry grinding cylinder (223) under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening (226);Shower is opened in mechanical milling process fountain cooling is carried out to dry grinding cylinder (223);
D, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by discharging opening of dry grinding (226) discharging to dry grinding net cylinder (251) after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank (33);The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry Grind after cinder notch (2511) discharging to dry grinding slag recovering box (255) recovery, return to temporary storage tank dry grinding (24);
E, storage:The lower lime powder of sieve is dry grinded by rewinding mouth behind (253) blanking to hoisting mechanism II (256) bottom, boosted Mechanism II (256) is promoted to powder material tank (33) interior stored for future use;
Step 4: opening slurry tank (32) bottom switch after flyash slurry made from wet ball-milling is weighed, slurry flows naturally Enter pouring can (31);
Step 5: pulverized limestone, cement and foaming modification powder made from dry type ball milling are passed through into filler elevator by regulation proportioning (31) it is promoted in powder material tank (33);And pouring can (31) is passed through by conveying mechanism (37);
Step 6: stirring:Start mixer A (311) slurry and powder stirring is uniform;
Step 7: cast:Pouring can (31) bottom switch is opened, material is flowed into after cast jet pipe (38) naturally, under being poured into just In the pouring truck (39) that side is set;
Step 8: precuring:Pouring truck (39) push-in precuring room is stood into precuring;
Step 9: cutting:Cutting rack is transferred to after precuring by driving to be cut;
Step 10: steam pressure:Steam pressure tank is pushed into after cutting and carries out steam pressure;
Step 11: cooling:After the completion of steam pressure, natural cooling finished product.
10. the production technology of aerated bricks production system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that sent out in the step 2 The making step of the modified powder of bubble is:
A, dispensing:Cement, starch and aluminium powder are taken, is prepared by regulation proportioning;
B, mixing:After step A preparation powder is well mixed, adds water and be stirred into pre-hardening body;
C, enter mould:Pre-hardening body is tiled into mould;
It is D, quick-frozen:It is transferred to quick freezing repository snap frozen;
It is E, lyophilized:It is transferred to after being freezed in vacuum freeze drying cabin and lump material is made;
It is F, broken:Lump material input disintegrating machine (21) is crushed;
It is G, temporary:Feeding to temporary storage tank of dry grinding (24) is lifted after broken by hoisting mechanism I (23) first to be kept in;
H, ball milling:The bottom opening of dry grinding dry grinding temporary storage tank (24) is opened, material falls into material receiving port (221) and enters dry mill structure afterwards (22) carry out after dry type ball milling, ball milling, draw in dry grinding cylinder (223) under the guiding of flitch, discharging to dry grinding discharging opening (226);Shower is opened in mechanical milling process fountain cooling is carried out to dry grinding cylinder (223);
I, screening:Material carries out drum-type screening by discharging opening of dry grinding (226) discharging to dry grinding net cylinder (251) after ball milling;Sieve During point, open bag-type dust and dust is carried out to be recycled to powder material tank (33);The incomplete large granular materials of ball milling pass through dry Grind after cinder notch (2511) discharging to dry grinding slag tapping box (255) recovery, return to dry grinding temporary storage tank (24);
J, storage:After minus sieve material is by rewinding mouth of dry grinding (253) blanking to hoisting mechanism II (256) bottom, boosted mechanism II (256) are promoted to powder material tank (33) interior stored for future use, and lyophilized foaming modification powder is made.
CN201710513540.3A 2017-06-29 2017-06-29 A kind of aerated bricks production system and its production technology Withdrawn CN107225669A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109227924A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-18 蒙城县弘文信息科技有限公司 A kind of ceramic material synthesis device
CN111688015A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-22 徐胜男 Environment-friendly brick processing system
CN112622017A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-04-09 郑州华泽建材有限公司 Aerated brick production system
CN115648417A (en) * 2022-08-19 2023-01-31 杨燕玲 Good-durability concrete aerated brick manufacturing device and manufacturing method thereof
CN116619553A (en) * 2023-07-21 2023-08-22 邢台炬能铁路电气器材有限公司 Track slab production system and method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109227924A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-18 蒙城县弘文信息科技有限公司 A kind of ceramic material synthesis device
CN111688015A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-22 徐胜男 Environment-friendly brick processing system
CN112622017A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-04-09 郑州华泽建材有限公司 Aerated brick production system
CN115648417A (en) * 2022-08-19 2023-01-31 杨燕玲 Good-durability concrete aerated brick manufacturing device and manufacturing method thereof
CN116619553A (en) * 2023-07-21 2023-08-22 邢台炬能铁路电气器材有限公司 Track slab production system and method
CN116619553B (en) * 2023-07-21 2023-09-22 邢台炬能铁路电气器材有限公司 Track slab production system and method

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Application publication date: 20171003