CN107219601A - A kind of stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number - Google Patents

A kind of stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107219601A
CN107219601A CN201710639843.XA CN201710639843A CN107219601A CN 107219601 A CN107219601 A CN 107219601A CN 201710639843 A CN201710639843 A CN 201710639843A CN 107219601 A CN107219601 A CN 107219601A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stranded
shuttle
optical cable
yarn
frame
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Granted
Application number
CN201710639843.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107219601B (en
Inventor
钟升
黄杰
熊壮
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Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable Co Ltd
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Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710639843.XA priority Critical patent/CN107219601B/en
Publication of CN107219601A publication Critical patent/CN107219601A/en
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Publication of CN107219601B publication Critical patent/CN107219601B/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4439Auxiliary devices
    • G02B6/4457Bobbins; Reels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4439Auxiliary devices
    • G02B6/4457Bobbins; Reels
    • G02B6/4458Bobbins; Reels coiled, e.g. extensible helix
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4479Fabrication methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number, including stranded bundle yarn part, stranded bundle yarn part includes in the first frame, the first frame being sequentially provided with stranding device, coiling yarn bundler and passive anti-back twist belt along ferrule conveying direction;Stranding device includes stranded tubes and clockwise and anticlockwise motor, stranded tubes are horizontally disposed along optical cable twisted axial line, stranded tubes are connected with clockwise and anticlockwise motor, the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor is also associated with one end of elastic energy storage device, the other end of elastic energy storage device is connected with the first frame, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor drives stranded tubes positive and negative alternate to rotate by stranded timing belt.Realize that the continuous automatic SZ of ferrule is stranded and prick yarn, while improving rotary speed and the stranded upset numbers of SZ in the reduction unit interval, improve stranded quality, improve stranding speed, it is energy-saving, reduce operation noise.

Description

A kind of stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number
Technical field
The present invention relates to fiber plant technical field, and in particular to a kind of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number is stranded to be pricked Yarn machine.
Background technology
In order to protect fiber transmission performance, it is necessary to optical fiber is put into the optical cable for possessing certain mechanical capacity.Optical cable There are the beam tube containing optical fiber, tensile elements and sheath composition.Even if so when optical cable stress, optical cable can be elongated, extend, If the optical fiber in optical cable does not have certain remaining length, optical fiber still can be elongated.In order that optical fiber will not excessive tensile, in optical cable Beam tube just should SZ spirally lay.If the straight abreast cloth of beam tube is placed in optical cable, when optical cable stress, optical cable elongation How much, beam tube also just elongation how much, optical fiber is possible to stress.If the beam tube SZ in optical cable spirally laid, work as optical cable During stress, it can be straightened first from helical form after beam tube stress, when only reaching certain degree, beam tube just starts stress stretching change Long, optical fiber just follows stress.And in this change procedure, protected optical fiber just.Optical fiber bundle tube SZ twisting device Exactly produced under the demand of this optical cable production technology, optical fiber bundle tube SZ twisting device is dragged by motor in the market Move with wire rope gearing to realize;The stranded type of drive of existing SZ, motor is changed under the transport row mode that frequent rotating is run To difficulty, can not especially improve simultaneously rotary speed and reduction within the unit interval the stranded upset numbers of SZ, cause speed of production without Method improve, especially it is stranded be 1 circle motion process specifications under, it is impossible to realize.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that have in view of the foregoing defects the prior art has there is provided one kind low Overturn number the stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ, realize ferrule continuous automatic SZ it is stranded and prick yarn, while improve rotation Speed and upset number stranded SZ in the reduction unit interval, improve stranded quality, improve stranding speed, energy-saving, reduce fortune Row noise.
The present invention is for the technical scheme that is used of solution above-mentioned technical problem:
A kind of stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number, including stranded bundle yarn part, stranded bundle yarn part Including the first frame, stranding device, Winder and passive anti-back are sequentially provided with along ferrule conveying direction in the first frame Turn round belt;
Wherein, stranding device includes stranded tubes and clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and stranded tubes are horizontally disposed along optical cable twisted axial line, stranded The two ends of pipe are connected by bearing block with the first frame, and stranded tubes are connected with clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor is fixed on In first frame, the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor is also associated with one end of elastic energy storage device, the other end of elastic energy storage device It is connected with the first frame, clockwise and anticlockwise motor drives stranded tubes positive and negative alternate to rotate by stranded timing belt.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, stranding device also includes stranded driven pulley, stranded timing belt and stranded drive pulley, Stranded driven pulley is set in stranded tubes, and stranded drive pulley is set on the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor, stranded transmission belt Wheel is connected by stranded timing belt with stranded driven pulley.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the central axis of stranded tubes is provided with central through hole, circumferential centered on central through hole Multiple stranded holes are distributed with.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, elastic energy storage device is torsion spring or Cowhells, and one end of torsion spring or Cowhells is connected with frame, The output shaft connection of the other end and clockwise and anticlockwise motor.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, Winder includes shuttle device and two Yarn supply devices, two Yarn supply device difference It is arranged at the two ends of shuttle device.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, Yarn supply device includes tube axle, tube driven pulley, tube drive pulley, tube electricity Machine and the first column, the lower end of the first column are connected with the first frame, and tube axle is horizontally disposed along optical cable twisted axial line, tube axle One end be connected by multiple bearing blocks with the first column, the other end of tube axle is hanging, and tube drive pulley is set in tube On the output shaft of motor, tube driven pulley is set on tube axle, tube drive pulley by spin timing belt and tube from Movable belt pulley is connected, and yarn group is set with tube axle.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, include the first column in two Yarn supply devices, two the first columns are distributed in shuttle The both sides of device, the first column lower end of output end side is connected with slide rail, and slide rail is arranged at along ferrule conveying direction In one frame, the first column of output end side can be moved along slide rail.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, shuttle device is included between two shuttle cylinder bases and the second column, two shuttle cylinder bases Provided with yarn mould is pricked, the lower end of the second column is fixedly arranged in the first frame, and the two ends for pricking yarn mould are connected by bearing block and the second column Fixation is connect, the inner of the shuttle cylinder base of output end side is connected with pricking yarn mould, the inner of the shuttle cylinder base of input side It is connected by bearing block with the second column, the outer end of two shuttle cylinder bases is hanging, two shuttle cylinder bases and bundle yarn mould are equal Arranged along optical cable twisted axial line, shuttle cylinder base is rotated in opposite direction, bundle yarn is equipped with the outer wall of each shuttle cylinder base and is flown Shuttle, pricks yarn shuttle and is provided with penetration pipe;The yarn that the Yarn supply device of both sides is provided passes through corresponding penetration pipe, respectively from bundle yarn mould Two ends enter, and the bundle yarn yarn of twice positive and negative rotation carries out colligation to entering to prick the bundles of sleeve pipe of yarn die orifice strand in time, fixed The sleeve of stranded shaping is into cable core.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the side of each shuttle cylinder base be equipped with shuttle motor, shuttle cylinder base be arranged with it is winged Be arranged with shuttle drive pulley on shuttle driven pulley, the output shaft of shuttle motor, shuttle driven pulley by shuttle timing belt with Shuttle drive pulley is connected, and shuttle motor is fixedly arranged on the second column;Shuttle motor drives shuttle cylinder by shuttle synchronous pulley Seat is rotated, and the first frame is provided with slide rail, and slide rail is set along ferrule conveying direction, and the bottom of the second column is arranged at slide rail On, it can be moved along slide rail.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, passive anti-back twist belt pack includes two symmetrically arranged belts, two belt annular bags It is rolled on corresponding belt pulley, the strap surfaces of two belts is and bonded to each other from sandwich optical cable core.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, the described stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ also include the stranded part of transition, and transition is twisted The output end for closing part is docked with the input of stranded bundle yarn part, and multifiber sleeve pipe sequentially passes through the stranded part of transition and strand Close and prick yarn part formation optical cable core, wherein, the stranded part of transition includes multiple transition stranding devices, multiple transition stranding devices It is sequentially distributed along optical fiber conveying direction, transition stranding device includes being sequentially distributed positive stranded shaft core and anti-along optical cable twisted axial line To stranded shaft core, positive stranded shaft core and reverse stranding shaft core are rotated forward and rotated backward respectively, in each transition stranding device Positive stranded shaft core and the rotary speed of reverse stranding shaft core gradually increase along the conveying direction of optical fiber.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, transition stranding device also includes the second frame, rotary shaft and the stranded motor of transition, transition Stranded motor is fixedly arranged in the second frame, and the two ends of rotary shaft are installed in the second frame by bearing block, one end of rotary shaft with Positive driving pulley and driving gear are arranged in the output shaft connection of the stranded motor of transition, rotary shaft, the side of rotary shaft is provided with The jackshaft of setting in parallel, one end of jackshaft is connected by bearing block with the second frame, and the other end of jackshaft is successively Driven gear and reverse driving pulley are arranged with, driven gear is engaged with driving gear;
Wherein, positive stranded shaft core is fixedly arranged in the second frame by bearing block, and forward direction is arranged with positive stranded shaft core Driven pulley, positive driving pulley is connected by positive timing belt with positive driven pulley, and positive driving wheel passes through positive synchronous The positive driven pulley of band driving is rotated forward, and then drives positive stranded shaft core to rotate forward;
Reverse stranding shaft core is fixedly arranged in the second frame by bearing block, and reverse driven belt is arranged with reverse stranding shaft core Wheel, reverse driving pulley is connected by reverse sync band with reverse driven pulley, and reverse driving pulley is driven by reverse sync band Move reverse driven pulley to rotate backward, and then drive reverse stranding shaft core to rotate backward.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, center is equipped with the central axis of positive stranded shaft core and reverse stranding shaft core and is led to Hole, it is circumferentially distributed centered on central through hole to have multiple stranded holes.
The invention has the advantages that:
Stranding device is stranded to the ferrule progress SZ through stranded tubes, passes through shuttle device and Yarn supply device strand Afterwards optical cable binding shape, realize ferrule continuous automatic SZ it is stranded and prick yarn, additionally by torsion spring store potential energy, make motor Commutated under the pattern that frequent rotating is run light, rotary speed can be improved simultaneously and SZ is stranded in the reduction unit interval turns over Revolution, improves stranded quality, improves stranding speed, reduces the steering-load of positive and negative motor and the power of consumption, can select smaller The motor of model, it is energy-saving, reduce operation noise.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the stranded top view for pricking yarn part in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 A-A sectional views;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 K partial schematic diagrams;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 3 M partial schematic diagrams;
Fig. 6 is Fig. 3 N partial schematic diagrams;
Fig. 7 is Fig. 4 C-C sectional views;
Fig. 8 is the top view of the stranded part of transition in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is Fig. 8 B-B sectional views;
Figure 10 is Fig. 9 D-D sectional views;
In figure, 1- stranded tubes, the stranded driven pulleys of 2-, the stranded timing belts of 3-, the stranded drive pulleys of 4-, 5- rotatings electricity Machine, 6- torsion springs, 7- spinning timing belts, the columns of 8- first, 9- tube motors, 10- yarns group, 11- tube axles, 12- tube driven belts Wheel, 13- tube drive pulleys, 14- shuttle motors, 15- shuttle timing belts, 16- shuttle drive pulleys, 17- shuttle cylinder bases, 18- Shuttle driven pulley, 19- bundle yarn shuttles, 20- penetration pipes, the columns of 21- second, 22- bundle yarns, the passive anti-back twist belts of 23-, 24- rotary shafts, 25- forward direction driving pulleys, 26- forward direction timing belts, the positive stranded shaft cores of 27-, 28- driving gears, 29- driven tooths Wheel, the reverse driving pulleys of 30-, the reverse driven pulleys of 31-, 32- reverse stranding shaft cores, 33- risers, 34- guide rods, 35- pedestals, The stranded motor of 36- transition, the frames of 37- first, 38- stranding devices, 39- Yarn supply devices, 40- shuttle devices, 41- transition twisting parts Part, 42- is stranded to prick yarn part, and 43- ferrules, 44- optical cable cores, 45- slide rails, 46- is pricked in yarn mould, 47- strengthening cores, 48- Heart through hole, the stranded holes of 49-.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Shown in 1~Figure 10 of reference picture, the high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number in one embodiment that the present invention is provided Stranded bundling machine, including the stranded part 41 of transition and stranded bundle yarn part 42, the output end of the stranded part 41 of transition are pricked with stranded The input docking of yarn part 42, multifiber sleeve pipe 43 first pass through the stranded part 41 of transition carry out it is pre- stranded, it is to avoid it is big suddenly Angle is stranded to be damaged optical fiber, then forms optical cable core 44 through stranded bundle yarn part 42;
Wherein, stranded bundle yarn part 42 include in the first frame 37, the first frame 37 along the conveying direction of ferrule 43 according to Secondary to be provided with stranding device 38, Winder and passive anti-back twist belt 23, Winder includes shuttle device and two fill for yarn Put, two Yarn supply devices are respectively arranged at the two ends of shuttle device 40, two Yarn supply devices 39 are respectively arranged in stranding device 38 It is between shuttle device 40 and passive between anti-back twist belt 23 and shuttle device 40;Multifiber sleeve pipe 43 is by stranding device 38 Optical cable is twisted into, Yarn supply device 39 is that shuttle device 40 provides bundle yarn 22, and yarn is via optical cable after the strand of shuttle device 40 Carry out binding, passive anti-back twist belt 23 clamp it is stranded after optical cable, prevent it is stranded after optical cable retract, by optical cable rubbing forward Pull, and be easy to leading portion stranding device 38 by the stranded shaping of ferrule 43 in the output end clamping of optical cable, realize ferrule 43 continuous automatic SZ is stranded and pricks yarn;
Stranding device 38 includes stranded tubes 1 and clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5, and stranded tubes 1 are horizontally disposed along optical cable twisted axial line, stranded The two ends of pipe 1 are connected by bearing block with the first frame 37, and stranded tubes 1 are connected with clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5, clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 It is fixed in the first frame 37, the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 is also associated with one end of elastic energy storage device, elastic energy storage device The other end be connected with the first frame 37, clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 passes through the timing belt of stranded tubes 1 and drives stranded tubes 1 positive and negative alternates to rotate; Elastic energy storage device is torsion spring or Cowhells, and one end of torsion spring or Cowhells is connected with frame, the output of the other end and clockwise and anticlockwise motor Axle connect, in the present embodiment, elastic energy storage device be torsion spring 6, when clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 driven by stranded timing belt 3 it is stranded Pipe 1 is rotated forward, while driving torsion spring 6 is positive to reverse, stores spring energy, when clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 from rotating forward is changed into reverse The spring stored during rotation can discharge, and overcome the inertia of clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 and stranded tubes 1, and rotate backward for clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 A startup power is provided, it is to avoid positive and negative motor consumes larger electric current and energy when rotating backward suddenly, from reduction rotating electricity The model of machine 5, making the quality and inertia of rotor in clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 can further reduce, so as to can further improve rotating The rotating speed of motor 5, while rotary speed and upset number stranded SZ in the reduction unit interval are improved, so stranded out optical cable institute The tensile force that can be born is stronger, improves stranded quality, improves stranding speed, reduces the steering-load of positive and negative motor and the work(of consumption Rate, can select the motor compared with ting model, energy-saving, reduces operation noise, the rotating speed of positive and negative motor can be made to bring up to 1700 turns Speed/minute, it is that the stranded tubes of cable-former rotate forward certain revolution that SZ, which is twisted, then inverts certain revolution, Zhou Erfu ground operation, and other Mechanism cooperates, and produces the cable core just reversed with consecutive intervals with detorsion characteristic.The small torsion number of turns of rotating, i.e., Overturn number, cable core easy high-speed production high with mechanical stretching characteristic, many advantages, such as improving productivity ratio, but for a long time because The limitation of equipment production technology, realizes smaller upset number, it is more difficult to realize, the present invention dexterously combines SZ working condition and elasticity The complementarity of both energy storage devices working characteristics, using energy conversion relation, solves SZ strand needs this frequently breakthroughly Positive and negative rotation working condition is difficult the technical barrier realized.
Further, stranding device 38 also includes stranded driven pulley 2, stranded timing belt 3, stranded drive pulley 4, stranded Driven pulley 2 is set in stranded tubes 1, and stranded drive pulley 4 is set on the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5, stranded transmission belt Wheel 4 is connected by stranded timing belt 3 with stranded driven pulley 2, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor 5 is driving stranded tubes 1 just by stranded timing belt 3 Anti- alternate rotation;
Further, Winder includes shuttle device and two Yarn supply devices, and two Yarn supply devices are respectively arranged at winged The two ends of shuttle device;Two Yarn supply devices are respectively that the two ends of shuttle device provide yarn.
Further, Yarn supply device 39 includes tube axle 11, tube driven pulley 12, tube drive pulley 13, tube electricity The column 8 of machine 9 and first, the lower end of the first column 8 is connected with the first frame 37, and tube axle 11 is set along optical cable twisted axial line level Put, one end of tube axle 11 is connected by multiple bearing blocks with the first frame 37, the other end of tube axle 11 is hanging, tube transmission Belt wheel 13 is set on the output shaft of tube motor 9, and tube driven pulley 12 is set on tube axle 11, tube drive pulley 13 By spinning, timing belt 7 is connected with tube driven pulley 12, and yarn group 10 is set with tube axle 11;Tube motor is same by spinning The step driving tube of band 7 axle 11 is rotated, and drives yarn group 10 to rotate, and is that shuttle device 40 provides yarn.
Further, the first column 8 is included in two Yarn supply devices 39, two the first columns 8 are distributed in shuttle device Both sides, the lower end of the first column 8 of output end side is connected with slide rail 45, and slide rail 45 sets first along ferrule conveying direction In frame 37, the first column of output end side can be moved along slide rail 45.
Further, the outboard end of the first column 8 of input side is provided with stranded cover, and one end of stranded tubes passes through bearing block It is connected with the first column, the other end of stranded tubes is connected by bearing block with stranded cover, the medial extremity of the first column Provided with screen covering is supplied, one end of tube axle is connected by bearing block with the first column, and the other end of tube axle passes through bearing block With being connected for screen covering.
Further, the central axis of stranded tubes 1 is provided with central through hole 48, circumferentially distributed centered on central through hole to have Multiple stranded holes;Strengthening core 47 is penetrated from central through hole, and each ferrule 43 is penetrated from stranded hole respectively, and stranded tubes 1 are with center Axis positive and negative alternate is rotated, and the positive and negative SZ of multifiber sleeve pipe 43 is twisted into optical cable.
Further, shuttle device 40 is included between two columns 21 of shuttle cylinder base 17 and second, two shuttle cylinder bases 17 Provided with yarn mould is pricked, the lower end of the second column 21 is fixedly arranged in the first frame 37, and the two ends for pricking yarn mould 46 pass through bearing block and second Column 21 is connected, and the inner of the shuttle cylinder base 17 of output end side is connected with pricking yarn mould 46, input side it is winged The inner of shuttle cylinder base 17 is connected by bearing block with the second column 21, and the outer end of two shuttle cylinder bases 17 is hanging, two Shuttle cylinder base 17 and bundle yarn mould 46 arrange that shuttle cylinder base 17 is rotated in opposite direction, each shuttle along optical cable twisted axial line Bundle yarn shuttle 19 is equipped with the outer wall of cylinder base 17, yarn shuttle 19 is pricked and is provided with penetration pipe 20;The Yarn supply device 39 of both sides is provided Yarn pass through corresponding penetration pipe 20, enter respectively from the two ends for pricking yarn mould 46, the bundle yarn yarn of twice positive and negative rotation is right in time Enter to prick the bundles of sleeve pipe of yarn die orifice strand and carry out colligation, the sleeve of fixed stranded shaping is into cable core.
Further, prick yarn mould to be connected with one of shuttle cylinder base, can specifically be connected through a screw thread, bolt connection or one The connected mode of body machine-shaping.
Further, the side of each shuttle cylinder base 17 is respectively connected with a shuttle motor 14, shuttle cylinder base 17 and is arranged Have and shuttle drive pulley 16 is arranged with shuttle driven pulley 18, the output shaft of shuttle motor 14, shuttle driven pulley 18 passes through Shuttle timing belt 15 is connected with shuttle drive pulley 16, and shuttle motor 14 is fixedly arranged on the second column 21;Shuttle motor 14 passes through The wheel drive shuttle cylinder base 17 of shuttle timing belt 15 is rotated, and the first frame is provided with slide rail 45, and slide rail 45 is along ferrule conveying side To setting, the bottom of the second column 21 is arranged on slide rail 45, can be moved along slide rail 45;Pass through the setting of slide rail 45 adjustable the The position of two columns 21, when the yarn on both sides tube axle 11 is dismounted rolls into a ball 10 in addition, can be by the mobile position of second column 21 Change yarn group 10 and reserve enough spaces.
Further, it is cylinder to prick yarn mould 46, pricks yarn mould 46 provided with a centre bore more bigger than conductor assembly outer diameter, center Hole is provided with threading via hole along the central axis arrangement of yarn mould 46, centre bore side is pricked, and threading via hole be arranged in parallel with centre bore, threading Through hole is connected with centre bore, the moderate structure of thickness, and main function is completed with stranded tubes outlet to outlet sleeve or filling Rope carries out an effect fulcrum of SZ twist works, and with bunchy effect.
Further, passive anti-back twist belt 23 includes two symmetrically arranged belts, and two belt annulars are wrapped in pair On the belt pulley answered, the strap surface of two belts is freely fitted from sandwich optical cable core, and mutually, the belt of two belts There is certain laminating direction force in face each other;Optical cable core after stranded binding drives both sides belt along optical cable to during conveying movement Conveying direction rotate in opposite directions, optical cable core passes through between two belts, and two belts push down cable core from both sides, prevent twist Optical cable twisted state after conjunction retracts.
Further, the stranded part 41 of transition includes multiple transition stranding devices 38, and multiple transition stranding devices 38 are along light Fine conveying direction is sequentially distributed, and transition stranding device 38 includes being sequentially distributed positive stranded shaft core 27 and anti-along optical cable twisted axial line To stranded shaft core 32, positive stranded shaft core 27 and reverse stranding shaft core 32 are rotated forward and rotated backward respectively, and each transition is stranded The rotary speed of positive stranded shaft core 27 and reverse stranding shaft core 32 in device 38 gradually increases along the conveying direction of optical fiber, Ferrule, which is first passed through, to be crossed stranded part and carries out pre- stranded, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor driving stranded tubes positive and negative alternate is rotated.
Further, transition stranding device 38 also includes the second frame, rotary shaft 24 and the stranded motor 36 of transition, and transition is twisted Close motor 36 to be fixedly arranged in the second frame, the two ends of rotary shaft 24 are installed in the second frame, the one of rotary shaft 24 by bearing block End is connected with the output shaft of the stranded motor of transition 36, and positive driving pulley and driving gear 28, rotary shaft are arranged in rotary shaft 24 24 side is provided with the jackshaft of setting in parallel, and one end of jackshaft is connected by bearing block with the second frame, jackshaft The other end be arranged with driven gear 29 and reverse driving pulley 30 successively, driven gear 29 is engaged with driving gear 28;
Wherein, positive stranded shaft core 27 is arranged at the side of positive driving pulley, and positive stranded shaft core 27 passes through bearing block It is fixedly arranged in the second frame, positive driven pulley is arranged with positive stranded shaft core 27, positive driving pulley passes through positive synchronous Band 25 is connected with positive driven pulley, and positive driving wheel drives positive driven pulley to rotate forward by positive timing belt 25, enters And drive positive stranded shaft core 27 to rotate forward;
Reverse stranding shaft core 32 is arranged at the side of reverse driving pulley 30, and reverse stranding shaft core 32 is fixed by bearing block In in the second frame, being arranged with reverse driven pulley 31 in reverse stranding shaft core 32, reverse driving pulley 30 passes through reverse sync Band is connected with reverse driven pulley 31, and reverse driving pulley 30 drives reverse driven pulley 31 reversely to turn by reverse sync band It is dynamic, and then drive reverse stranding shaft core 32 to rotate backward.
Further, the second frame includes being connected with multiple lead between two risers 33 be arrangeding in parallel, two risers 33 Multiple pedestals 35 are arranged with bar 34, guide rod 34;The position of the second frame is adjusted by pedestal 35.
Further, central through hole is equipped with the central axis of positive stranded shaft core 27 and reverse stranding shaft core 32, with It is circumferentially distributed centered on central through hole to have multiple stranded holes;Strengthening core 47 is penetrated from central through hole, each ferrule 43 respectively from Corresponding stranded hole is penetrated, and positive stranded shaft core 27 and reverse stranding shaft core 32 opposite direction is rotated, stranded preceding to ferrule 43 progress are pre- stranded, and being that follow-up SZ is stranded prepares.
Further, stranded tubes, tube axle and shuttle cylinder base are one end and frame connection, and the other end is hanging, mutually solely It is vertical, it does not interfere with each other, it is to avoid influence yarn-binding tension is unstable, improves the stability for pricking yarn, improves product quality, can avoids each yet Interfering between part, the size from part is no longer limited, with enough spaces, can be more easily from more abundant Parts, from the bearing of large-size, improve the bearing capacity of equipment, significantly improve mechanical strength and performance, easily carry High rotating speed, so as to improve the reliability of production efficiency and equipment.
In summary, the stranded type of drive of this case SZ is that motor adds spring energy-storage, and motor is run in frequent rotating Transport and commutate light under row mode, speed of production is easily improved, both made it is stranded be 1 circle motion process specifications under, also without Pressure, improves cable-former speed, improves stranded quality, can be driven with small electric machine, run small, energy weight of asking for power to power network Multiple recycling, energy-saving, reduction operation noise, the Novel optical cable of achievable stranded 1 circle process structure are produced.
Only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention above, can not limit the interest field of the present invention with this certainly, Therefore the equivalence changes made according to scope of the present invention patent, still belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ with low upset number, it is characterised in that stranded including stranded bundle yarn part Prick yarn part and include being sequentially provided with stranding device, coiling along ferrule conveying direction in the first frame, the first frame and prick yarn dress Put and passive anti-back twist belt;
Wherein, stranding device includes stranded tubes and clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and stranded tubes are horizontally disposed along optical cable twisted axial line, stranded tubes Two ends are connected by bearing block with the first frame, and stranded tubes are connected with clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor is fixed on first In frame, the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor is also associated with one end of elastic energy storage device, the other end of elastic energy storage device and One frame is connected, and clockwise and anticlockwise motor drives stranded tubes positive and negative alternate to rotate by stranded timing belt.
2. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 1 with low upset number, it is characterised in that stranded dress Putting also includes stranded driven pulley, stranded timing belt and stranded drive pulley, and stranded driven pulley is set in stranded tubes, stranded Drive pulley is set on the output shaft of clockwise and anticlockwise motor, and stranded drive pulley is connected by stranded timing belt and stranded driven pulley Connect.
3. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 1 with low upset number, it is characterised in that elasticity storage Can device be torsion spring or Cowhells, one end of torsion spring or Cowhells is connected with frame, and the output shaft of the other end and clockwise and anticlockwise motor is connected.
4. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 1 with low upset number, it is characterised in that around traditional thread binding Put including shuttle device and two Yarn supply devices, two Yarn supply devices are respectively arranged at the two ends of shuttle device.
5. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 4 with low upset number, it is characterised in that for yarn dress Put including tube axle, tube driven pulley, tube drive pulley, tube motor and the first column, the lower end of the first column and the One frame is connected, and tube axle is horizontally disposed along optical cable twisted axial line, and one end of tube axle passes through multiple bearing blocks and the first column Connection, the other end of tube axle is hanging, and tube drive pulley is set on the output shaft of tube motor, tube driven pulley suit In on tube axle, tube drive pulley is connected by the timing belt that spins with tube driven pulley, and yarn group is set with tube axle.
6. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 4 with low upset number, it is characterised in that shuttle is filled Put including two shuttle cylinder bases and the second column, provided with yarn mould is pricked between two shuttle cylinder bases, the lower end of the second column is fixedly arranged on In first frame, prick yarn mould two ends be connected by bearing block with the second column, the shuttle cylinder base of output end side it is interior End is connected with pricking yarn mould, and the inner of the shuttle cylinder base of input side is connected by bearing block with the second column, and two The outer end of individual shuttle cylinder base is hanging, and two shuttle cylinder bases and bundle yarn mould arrange that shuttle cylinder base is in phase along optical cable twisted axial line Anti- direction is rotated, and bundle yarn shuttle is equipped with the outer wall of each shuttle cylinder base, is pricked yarn shuttle and is provided with penetration pipe.
7. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 6 with low upset number, it is characterised in that Mei Gefei The side of shuttle cylinder base, which is equipped with shuttle motor, shuttle cylinder base, is arranged with shuttle driven pulley, is covered on the output shaft of shuttle motor Provided with shuttle drive pulley, shuttle driven pulley is connected by shuttle timing belt with shuttle drive pulley, and shuttle motor is fixedly arranged on On secondth column;Shuttle motor drives shuttle cylinder base to rotate by shuttle synchronous pulley, and the first frame is provided with slide rail, slide rail Set along ferrule conveying direction, the bottom of the second column is arranged on slide rail, can moved along slide rail.
8. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 1 with low upset number, it is characterised in that passive anti- Back twist belt includes two symmetrically arranged belts, and two belt annulars are wrapped on corresponding belt pulley, the skin of two belts Zone face is from sandwich optical cable core.
9. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 1 with low upset number, it is characterised in that described The stranded bundling machines of high speed optical cable SZ also include the stranded part of transition, and the output end of the stranded part of transition is defeated with stranded bundle yarn part Enter end docking, multifiber sleeve pipe sequentially passes through the stranded part of transition and stranded bundle yarn part formation optical cable core, wherein, transition Stranded part includes multiple transition stranding devices, and multiple transition stranding devices are sequentially distributed along optical fiber conveying direction, and transition is stranded Device includes being sequentially distributed positive stranded shaft core and reverse stranding shaft core, reversely positive stranded shaft core and strand along optical cable twisted axial line Sympodium core is rotated forward and rotated backward respectively, the rotation of positive stranded shaft core and reverse stranding shaft core in each transition stranding device Rotary speed gradually increases along the conveying direction of optical fiber.
10. the high speed optical cable SZ stranded bundling machines according to claim 9 with low upset number, it is characterised in that transition Stranding device also includes the second frame, rotary shaft and the stranded motor of transition, and the stranded motor of transition is fixedly arranged in the second frame, rotates The two ends of axle are installed in the second frame by bearing block, and one end of rotary shaft is connected with the output shaft of the stranded motor of transition, are rotated Positive driving pulley and driving gear are arranged on axle, the side of rotary shaft is provided with the jackshaft of setting in parallel, jackshaft One end is connected by bearing block with the second frame, and the other end of jackshaft is arranged with driven gear and reverse driving pulley successively, Driven gear is engaged with driving gear;
Wherein, positive stranded shaft core is fixedly arranged in the second frame by bearing block, is arranged with positive stranded shaft core positive driven Belt wheel, positive driving pulley is connected by positive timing belt with positive driven pulley;
Reverse stranding shaft core is fixedly arranged in the second frame by bearing block, and reverse driven pulley is arranged with reverse stranding shaft core, Reverse driving pulley is connected by reverse sync band with reverse driven pulley.
CN201710639843.XA 2017-07-31 2017-07-31 High-speed optical cable SZ stranding and yarn binding machine with low turnover number Active CN107219601B (en)

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