CN107219330A - Vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable recording medium - Google Patents

Vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable recording medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107219330A
CN107219330A CN201710290208.5A CN201710290208A CN107219330A CN 107219330 A CN107219330 A CN 107219330A CN 201710290208 A CN201710290208 A CN 201710290208A CN 107219330 A CN107219330 A CN 107219330A
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CN
China
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vehicle exhaust
automobile
emission
analysis result
monitoring
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CN201710290208.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘均
魏泽微
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深圳市元征科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201710290208.5A priority Critical patent/CN107219330A/en
Publication of CN107219330A publication Critical patent/CN107219330A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/26Government or public services

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable recording medium.Including:When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather the emissions data of the vehicle exhaust in real time;The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is parsed to the emissions data, the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback is obtained;The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, so that server is analyzed the analysis result, the positional information and identification information.Present invention realization carries out integral monitoring to the automatic monitoring of vehicle exhaust, and to Monitoring Data, the problems such as solving to forbid difficult to vehicle vent gas discharging pipe control in environmental protection, monitoring.

Description

Vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable recording medium

Technical field

The present invention relates to monitoring of environment field, more particularly to vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable storage Medium.

Background technology

With the universalness of vehicle, automobile is into the walking-replacing tool of most of families, and the thing followed is vehicle exhaust The pollution brought.Vehicle exhaust is the main source of pollutant discharging total of motor vehicle, in order to monitor the discharge feelings of vehicle exhaust Condition, the automobile of production is all forced to have imported OBD-II systems (the Second On-Board after 2007 Diagnostics vehicle diagnosises second-generation system), OBD-II systems can monitor the emission behaviour of vehicle exhaust, work as motor vehicle emission Carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), oxynitrides (NOx) or EVAP contaminant capacity exceed default standard When, trouble light will light alarm.But can only be realized by OBD-II systems and the exhaust emissions situation of single automobile is carried out Monitoring, and overall management and control can not be carried out to motor vehicle exhaust emission from the angle of environmental protection.

The content of the invention

It is a primary object of the present invention to provide a kind of vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable storage medium Matter, it is intended to which solution can only be realized by OBD-II systems in the prior art to be monitored to the exhaust emissions situation of single automobile, And the technical problem of overall management and control can not be carried out to motor vehicle exhaust emission from the angle of environmental protection.

To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of vehicle exhaust monitoring method, including:

When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather institute in real time State the emissions data of vehicle exhaust;

The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is to institute State emissions data to be parsed, obtain the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;

The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, for server pair The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are analyzed.

Preferably, it is described to send the emissions data to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, for the vehicle exhaust Detection device is parsed to the emissions data, obtains including after analysis result:

According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value;

If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value, the first warning information is exported, for Remind car owner.

Preferably, it is described to send the emissions data to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, for the vehicle exhaust Detection device is parsed to the emissions data, is included after obtaining analysis result also:

According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, The Second Threshold is more than the first threshold;

If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, by the positional information, identity Information and analysis result send supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, and export the second warning information, for reminding car owner.

In addition, to achieve the above object, the present invention also proposes a kind of vehicle exhaust monitoring method, applied to server, bag Include:

In inscribed positional information, identification information and the emission from vehicles data correspondence returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Analysis result;

All analysis results received are grouped by area according to the positional information;

According to each group of analysis result included, vehicle exhaust row of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period is counted To one's heart's content condition.

Preferably, it is described according to each group of analysis result included, described group of correspondence area is counted in preset time period Include after interior motor vehicle exhaust emission situation:

Judge whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default regional standard;

If the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, by the area Sent in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period to the regional corresponding environmental administration.

Preferably, it is described in inscribed positional information, identification information and the Vehicular exhaust returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Include after the corresponding analysis result of emissions data:

The corresponding analysis result of same identification information is divided into one group and stored, for the identification information Corresponding motor vehicle exhaust emission level is analyzed.

In addition, to achieve the above object, the present invention also provides a kind of motor vehicle exhaust emission monitoring system, including:

Memory, processor, communication bus and the vehicle exhaust monitoring program being stored on the memory:

The communication bus is used to realize the communication connection between processor and memory;

The processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, to realize following steps:

When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather institute in real time State the emissions data of vehicle exhaust;

The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is to institute State emissions data to be parsed, obtain the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;

The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, for server pair The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are analyzed.

Preferably, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, also realizes following steps:

In inscribed positional information, identification information and the emission from vehicles data correspondence returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Analysis result;

All analysis results received are grouped by area according to the positional information;

According to each group of analysis result included, vehicle exhaust row of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period is counted To one's heart's content condition.

Preferably, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, also realizes following steps:

Judge whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default regional standard;

If the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, by the area Sent in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period to the regional corresponding environmental administration.

In addition, to achieve the above object, the present invention also provides a kind of computer-readable recording medium, described computer-readable Be stored with motor vehicle exhaust emission monitoring program on storage medium, real when the motor vehicle exhaust emission monitoring program is executed by processor The step of showing motor vehicle exhaust emission monitoring method as described above.

By the present invention, when automobile engine is run, the positional information and identification information of acquisition automobile are simultaneously real When gather vehicle exhaust emissions data, the emissions data of vehicle exhaust is solved by preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment Analysis, obtains analysis result, and analysis result, the positional information of automobile, identification information are together sent to server.This hair It is bright to realize to the automatic monitoring of vehicle exhaust, and to Monitoring Data carry out integral monitoring, solve in environmental protection to automobile The problems such as exhaust emissions management and control is difficult, monitoring is inaccurate.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 be the hardware running environment that scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is related to terminal apparatus structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 2 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method first embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of a scenario of vehicle exhaust monitoring method first embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method second embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method 3rd embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method fourth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the schematic flow sheet of the embodiment of vehicle exhaust monitoring method the 5th of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method sixth embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of a scenario of automobile exhaust monitoring system first embodiment of the present invention.

The realization, functional characteristics and advantage of the object of the invention will be described further referring to the drawings in conjunction with the embodiments.

Embodiment

It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.

Due to the universalness of automobile, the pollution that motor vehicle exhaust emission is brought is increasingly severe, because the quantity of automobile is more, spirit It is active high, it is not enough to vehicle vent gas discharging pipe control means, cause the problems such as management and control is difficult, monitoring is inaccurate.The present invention provides a kind of Solution, it is possible to achieve to the automatic monitoring of vehicle exhaust, and integral monitoring is carried out to Monitoring Data, solve in environmental protection The problems such as, monitoring difficult to vehicle vent gas discharging pipe control is forbidden.

As shown in figure 1, Fig. 1 is the terminal structure schematic diagram for the hardware running environment that scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is related to.

Terminal of the embodiment of the present invention can be PC or smart mobile phone, tablet personal computer, E-book reader, MP3 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer III, dynamic image expert's compression standard audio aspect 3) Player, MP4 (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer IV, dynamic image expert's compression standard sound Frequency aspect 3) player, pocket computer etc. have the packaged type terminal device of display function.

As shown in figure 1, the terminal can include:Processor 1001, such as CPU, network interface 1004, user interface 1003, memory 1005, communication bus 1002.Wherein, communication bus 1002 is used to realize the connection communication between these components. User interface 1003 can include display screen (Display), input block such as keyboard (Keyboard), optional user interface 1003 can also include wireline interface, the wave point of standard.Network interface 1004 can optionally connect including the wired of standard Mouth, wave point (such as WI-FI interfaces).Memory 1005 can be high-speed RAM memory or stable memory (non-volatile memory), such as magnetic disk storage.Memory 1005 optionally can also be independently of aforementioned processor 1001 storage device.

Alternatively, terminal can also include camera, RF (Radio Frequency, radio frequency) circuit, sensor, audio Circuit, WiFi module etc..Wherein, sensor ratio such as optical sensor, motion sensor and other sensors.Specifically, light Sensor may include ambient light sensor and proximity transducer, wherein, ambient light sensor can according to the light and shade of ambient light come The brightness of display screen is adjusted, proximity transducer can close display screen and/or backlight when mobile terminal is moved in one's ear.As One kind of motion sensor, gravity accelerometer can detect in all directions the size of (generally three axles) acceleration, quiet Size and the direction of gravity are can detect that when only, application (such as horizontal/vertical screen switching, correlation available for identification mobile terminal posture Game, magnetometer pose calibrating), Vibration identification correlation function (such as pedometer, tap) etc.;Certainly, mobile terminal can also match somebody with somebody The other sensors such as gyroscope, barometer, hygrometer, thermometer, infrared ray sensor are put, be will not be repeated here.

It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the restriction of the terminal structure shown in Fig. 1 not structure paired terminal, can be wrapped Include than illustrating more or less parts, either combine some parts or different parts arrangement.

As shown in figure 1, leading to as operating system, network can be included in a kind of memory 1005 of computer-readable storage medium Believe module, Subscriber Interface Module SIM and vehicle exhaust monitoring program.

In the terminal shown in Fig. 1, network interface 1004 is mainly used in connecting background server, is carried out with background server Data communication;User interface 1003 is mainly used in connection client (user terminal), and row data communication is entered with client;And processor 1001 can be used for calling the vehicle exhaust monitoring program stored in memory 1005, and perform following operate:

When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather institute in real time State the emissions data of vehicle exhaust;

The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is to institute State emissions data to be parsed, obtain the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;

The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, for server pair The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are analyzed.

Further, processor 1001 can call the vehicle exhaust monitoring program stored in memory 1005, also perform Operate below:

According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value;

If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value, the first warning information is exported, for Remind car owner.

Further, processor 1001 can call the vehicle exhaust monitoring program stored in memory 1005, also perform Operate below:

According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, The Second Threshold is more than the first threshold;

If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, by the positional information, identity Information and analysis result send supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, and export the second warning information, for reminding car owner.

Further, processor 1001 can call the vehicle exhaust monitoring program stored in memory 1005, also perform Operate below:

In inscribed positional information, identification information and the emission from vehicles data correspondence returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Analysis result;

All analysis results received are grouped by area according to the positional information;

According to each group of analysis result included, vehicle exhaust row of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period is counted To one's heart's content condition.

Further, processor 1001 can call the vehicle exhaust monitoring program stored in memory 1005, also perform Operate below:

Judge whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default regional standard;

If the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, by the area Sent in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period to the regional corresponding environmental administration.

Further, processor 1001 can call the vehicle exhaust monitoring program stored in memory 1005, also perform Operate below:

The corresponding analysis result of same identification information is divided into one group and stored, for the identification information Corresponding motor vehicle exhaust emission level is analyzed.

Reference picture 2, Fig. 2 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method first embodiment of the present invention.

In the present embodiment, vehicle exhaust monitoring method includes:

Step S10, when detecting engine operation, obtains the positional information and identification information of automobile, and in fact When gather the emissions data of the vehicle exhaust;

In the present embodiment, obtaining the positional information of automobile can be obtained by alignment system, such as is carried on automobile GPS:Global Positioning System global positioning systems, AGPS:Assisted Global Positioning System auxiliary global satellite positioning systems, BD:BEI-DOU position system, GLONASS:GLONASS satellite navigation system etc. is positioned System, is not limited herein, is selected with specific reference to being actually needed.In the present embodiment, the identification information of vehicle can be with It is the corresponding unique identification information of the automobile such as the corresponding vehicle identification code of the automobile, Vehicle Identify Number, Motor Number, does not do herein Limitation, is configured with specific reference to actual conditions.In the present embodiment, the work of the emissions data of collection vehicle exhaust is by arranging in real time Gas sensor is acquired when engine is run.

Step S20, the emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, for the automobile emission gas analyzer Equipment is parsed to the emissions data, obtains the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;

In the present embodiment, the vehicle exhaust monitoring device is OBD-II standard techniques and each vehicle diagnostics based on vehicle The equipment that communication protocol is made.OBD-II refers to vehicle-mounted OBD-II systems (the Second On-Board Diagnostics Vehicle diagnosis second-generation system).The system can with failure the problem of the automatic detection such as equipment such as car light, engine heat exchanger, Battery status of exhaust sensor, tire pressure, electric automobile etc. can be detected, speed, oil consumption, distance travelled can also be read Deng car data.

In the present embodiment, the vehicle exhaust monitor comes from exhaust sensor in engine by OBD-II interfaces The vehicle emission data gathered during operation.Both can be wired company by way of OBD-II interfaces set up communication connection (such as by data wire) is connect, can also be that wireless connection (such as bluetooth connection, wifi connection) is not limited, specific root herein Selected according to actual conditions.The vehicle emission data received is parsed, analysis result is obtained.

Step S30, the analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, for Server is analyzed the analysis result, the positional information and identification information.

In the present embodiment, can be vehicle exhaust monitor set up data by wireless network type of attachment with server leads to Letter, analysis result, the positional information of vehicle and identity information are together sent to server.Reference picture 3, Fig. 3 is the present invention The schematic diagram of a scenario of vehicle exhaust monitoring method first embodiment.In the present embodiment, when detecting automobile engine operation, Vehicle emission data is gathered by preset exhaust sensor, by alignment system, such as GPS obtains the position letter of automobile Breath, the identity information of automobile is pre-stored in automobile mounted computer, by OBD-II joints, the vapour that above-mentioned exhaust sensor is gathered Tail gas emissions data, the positional information of automobile, identity of automobile information are together transmitted to automobile emission gas analyzer instrument, vehicle exhaust inspection Survey instrument vehicle emission data parse to obtain after analysis result, by analysis result, car location message, identity of automobile Information together uploads onto the server.Can carry out above-mentioned steps in real time during automobile engine is run in the present embodiment, Can carry out above-mentioned steps at regular intervals during automobile engine is run, here, not being restricted, with specific reference to reality Situation is configured.

Server both can be according to automobile position after analysis result, car location message, identity of automobile information is received Information carries out global analysis to the exhaust emissions situation for belonging to the automobile in an area together, can also be according to identity of automobile information to single The exhaust emissions situation of automobile is analyzed.

By the present invention, when automobile engine is run, the positional information and identification information of acquisition automobile are simultaneously real When gather vehicle exhaust emissions data, the emissions data of vehicle exhaust is solved by preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment Analysis, obtains analysis result, and analysis result, the positional information of automobile, identification information are together sent to server.This hair It is bright to realize to the automatic monitoring of vehicle exhaust, and to Monitoring Data carry out integral monitoring, solve in environmental protection to automobile The problems such as exhaust emissions management and control is difficult, monitoring is inaccurate.

Further, reference picture 4, Fig. 4 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method second embodiment of the present invention.

In the present embodiment, include after step S20:

Step S40, according to the analysis result, judges whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default the One threshold value;

In the present embodiment, presetting the formulation of the first standard can formulate according to normal vehicle emission standards, here, It is not restricted, is configured with specific reference to actual conditions.

Step S50, if the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value, the alarm letter of output first Breath, for reminding car owner.

In the present embodiment, for example, default first standard is formulated with reference to normal vehicle emission standards, if currently The exhaust emissions level of automobile has exceeded default first standard, then the exhaust emissions of the current automobile is abnormal.As tail gas row When putting abnormal, it may be possible to which automobile occurs in that failure in itself, it can currently be alerted by forms such as sound, light, so as to carry The exhaust emissions level of the current automobile of awake car owner is more than normal line, so that car owner has a car overhauled.

In the present embodiment, when the exhaust emissions level for monitoring current automobile exceedes default first standard, then announcement is sent It is alert abnormal to remind the current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of car owner to occur, so that car owner has a car overhauled so that vehicle exhaust Emission level reaches normal line, reduces harm of the abnormal vehicle of exhaust emissions to environment.

Further, reference picture 5, Fig. 5 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method 3rd embodiment of the present invention.

In one embodiment, also include after step S20:

Step S60, according to the analysis result, judges whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default the Two threshold values, the Second Threshold is more than the first threshold;

Step S70, if the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, by the positional information, Identification information and analysis result send supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, and export the second warning information, for Remind car owner.

In the present embodiment, presetting the second standard can formulate according to the vehicle emission standards of national regulation, if vapour It is then against regulation that the emission level of car, which has exceeded vehicle emission standards,.If detecting current motor vehicle exhaust emission level Default second standard (such as vehicle emission standards) is exceeded, then according to the identification information of Current vehicle, by current vehicle Positional information and identification information and exhaust emissions situation (analysis result) be together sent to testing vehicle register mark The corresponding vehicle supervision department of information (such as vehicle management institute).Meanwhile, car owner, such as light, sound are reminded in a proper manner Deng so that car owner is together handled Current vehicle exhaust emissions problem with associated vehicle supervision department.

By the present embodiment, when exceeded to exhaust emissions level serious, by the identity information of the vehicle, positional information, tail Gas emission behaviour (analysis result) together sends supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, can be exceeded to exhaust emissions level serious Vehicle play supervision effect, supervise car owner to overhaul the vehicle of emission level severe overweight, to reduce vehicle exhaust pair The pollution of environment.

Further, reference picture 6, Fig. 6 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method fourth embodiment of the present invention.

In one embodiment, vehicle exhaust monitoring method includes;

Step S80, in inscribed positional information, identification information and the emission from vehicles returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period The corresponding analysis result of data;

All analysis results received are grouped by step S90 according to the positional information by area;According to each The analysis result that group is included, counts motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period.

In the present embodiment, preset time period can be one day, one week, January, and this is not restricted, with specific reference to reality Situation is configured.For example, by preset time period be set to one day, i.e. server by all analysis results received in one day by It is grouped according to the corresponding vehicle position information of analysis result.For example, 100 analysis results are have received, wherein 30 parsing knots Really corresponding vehicle position information is in the range of area 1, then this 30 analysis results is divided into group 1, in addition 70 parsings As a result corresponding vehicle position information is in the range of area 2, then this 70 analysis results is divided into group 2.Respectively in group 1 Comprising analysis result and group 2 in the analysis result that includes analyzed, obtain analysis result.Analysis result can be the ground The total amount or average value for the vehicle emission data that area is counted within this day, this is not restricted.

In the present embodiment, analysis result is grouped according to area according to car location message, contributes to implementation pair The difference management and control of regional, realizes the environmental monitoring to vehicle exhaust by area, and then arrange according to the vehicle exhaust of each department To one's heart's content condition formulates corresponding environmental management policy.

Further, reference picture 7, Fig. 7 is the schematic flow sheet of the embodiment of vehicle exhaust monitoring method the 5th of the present invention.

In one embodiment, include after step S90:

Step S100, judges whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default area Standard;

Step S110, if the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, The area is sent to the regional corresponding environmental administration in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period.

In the present embodiment, each corresponding first automobile exhaust emission standard line in area can be formulated according to historical data (representing that air quality is outstanding), the second automobile exhaust emission standard line (represents that air quality is general), the 3rd motor vehicle exhaust emission Normal line (represents that air quality is poor).When receiving some analysis results in preset time period, according to car location message according to Analysis result is grouped by area, and the analysis result progress included in each regional corresponding group is analyzed and obtains this area and exists Motor vehicle exhaust emission situation in preset time period, the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation is contrasted with default regional standard, if Current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation then illustrates current position under the second automobile exhaust emission standard line (representing that air quality is general) The motor vehicle emission situation in area is in normal condition, if current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation is in the second automobile exhaust emission standard line On (representing that air quality is general), then illustrate that current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation is in abnormality, then by current vehicle exhaust Emission behaviour occurs to corresponding environmental administration of this area to formulate environmental practice, and air quality is optimized such as restricting driving, sprinkle water Means.

In the present embodiment, a certain regional motor vehicle exhaust emission situation in certain time is sent to this area's correspondence Environmental administration contribute to motor vehicle exhaust emission situation to this area to carry out overall management and control.

Further, reference picture 8, Fig. 8 is the schematic flow sheet of vehicle exhaust monitoring method sixth embodiment of the present invention.

In one embodiment, also include after step S80:

Step S120, is divided into one group by the corresponding analysis result of same identification information and stores, for the body Motor vehicle exhaust emission level corresponding to part identification information is analyzed.

In the present embodiment, for example, the identification information of an automobile is A, server is received and the identity mark every time All analysis result is stored according to time order and function order when knowing the corresponding analysis result of information A.Can be with according to analysis result Per day exhaust emissions amount to the automobile is analyzed, and obtained analyze data contributes to environmentally friendly research.

In addition, the embodiment of the present invention also proposes a kind of automobile exhaust monitoring system, the automobile exhaust monitoring system includes: Memory, processor, communication bus and the vehicle exhaust monitoring program being stored on the memory:

The communication bus is used to realize the communication connection between processor and memory;

The processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, to realize following steps:

When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather institute in real time State the emissions data of vehicle exhaust;

The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is to institute State emissions data to be parsed, obtain the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;

The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, for server pair The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are analyzed.

In the present embodiment, obtaining the positional information of automobile can be obtained by alignment system, such as is carried on automobile GPS:Global Positioning System global positioning systems, AGPS:Assisted Global Positioning System auxiliary global satellite positioning systems, BD:BEI-DOU position system, GLONASS:GLONASS satellite navigation system etc. is positioned System, is not limited herein, is selected with specific reference to being actually needed.In the present embodiment, the identification information of vehicle can be with It is the corresponding unique identification information of the automobile such as the corresponding vehicle identification code of the automobile, Vehicle Identify Number, Motor Number, does not do herein Limitation, is configured with specific reference to actual conditions.In the present embodiment, the work of the emissions data of collection vehicle exhaust is by arranging in real time Gas sensor is acquired when engine is run.

In the present embodiment, the vehicle exhaust monitoring device is OBD-II standard techniques and each vehicle diagnostics based on vehicle The equipment that communication protocol is made.OBD-II refers to vehicle-mounted OBD-II systems (the Second On-Board Diagnostics Vehicle diagnosis second-generation system).The system can with failure the problem of the automatic detection such as equipment such as car light, engine heat exchanger, Battery status of exhaust sensor, tire pressure, electric automobile etc. can be detected, speed, oil consumption, distance travelled can also be read Deng car data.

In the present embodiment, the vehicle exhaust monitor comes from exhaust sensor in engine by OBD-II interfaces The vehicle emission data gathered during operation.Both can be wired company by way of OBD-II interfaces set up communication connection (such as by data wire) is connect, can also be that wireless connection (such as bluetooth connection, wifi connection) is not limited, specific root herein Selected according to actual conditions.The vehicle emission data received is parsed, analysis result is obtained.

In the present embodiment, can be vehicle exhaust monitor set up data by wireless network type of attachment with server leads to Letter, analysis result, the positional information of vehicle and identity information are together sent to server.Reference picture 3, Fig. 3 is the present invention The schematic diagram of a scenario of the embodiment of vehicle exhaust monitoring method one.In the present embodiment, when detecting automobile engine operation, lead to Preset exhaust sensor collection vehicle emission data is crossed, by alignment system, such as GPS obtains the position letter of automobile Breath, the identity information of automobile is pre-stored in automobile mounted computer, by OBD-II joints, the vapour that above-mentioned exhaust sensor is gathered Tail gas emissions data, the positional information of automobile, identity of automobile information are together transmitted to automobile emission gas analyzer instrument, vehicle exhaust inspection Survey instrument vehicle emission data parse to obtain after analysis result, by analysis result, car location message, identity of automobile Information together uploads onto the server.Can carry out above-mentioned steps in real time during automobile engine is run in the present embodiment, Can carry out above-mentioned steps at regular intervals during automobile engine is run, here, not being restricted, with specific reference to reality Situation is configured.

Server both can be according to automobile position after analysis result, car location message, identity of automobile information is received Information carries out global analysis to the exhaust emissions situation for belonging to the automobile in an area together, can also be according to identity of automobile information to single The exhaust emissions situation of automobile is analyzed.

By the present invention, when automobile engine is run, the positional information and identification information of acquisition automobile are simultaneously real When gather vehicle exhaust emissions data, the emissions data of vehicle exhaust is solved by preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment Analysis, obtains analysis result, and analysis result, the positional information of automobile, identification information are together sent to server.This hair It is bright to realize to the automatic monitoring of vehicle exhaust, and to Monitoring Data carry out integral monitoring, solve in environmental protection to automobile The problems such as exhaust emissions management and control is difficult, monitoring is inaccurate.

Such as Fig. 9, Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of a scenario of automobile exhaust monitoring system first embodiment of the present invention.

In addition, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, following steps are also realized:

According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value;

If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value, the first warning information is exported, for Remind car owner.

In the present embodiment, presetting the formulation of the first standard can formulate according to normal vehicle emission standards, here, It is not restricted, is configured with specific reference to actual conditions.

In the present embodiment, for example, default first standard is formulated with reference to normal vehicle emission standards, if currently The exhaust emissions level of automobile has exceeded default first standard, then the exhaust emissions of the current automobile is abnormal.As tail gas row When putting abnormal, it may be possible to which automobile occurs in that failure in itself, it can currently be alerted by forms such as sound, light, so as to carry The exhaust emissions level of the current automobile of awake car owner is more than normal line, so that car owner has a car overhauled.

In the present embodiment, when the exhaust emissions level for monitoring current automobile exceedes default first standard, then announcement is sent It is alert abnormal to remind the current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of car owner to occur, so that car owner has a car overhauled so that vehicle exhaust Emission level reaches normal line, reduces harm of the abnormal vehicle of exhaust emissions to environment.

In addition, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, following steps are also realized:

According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, The Second Threshold is more than the first threshold;

If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, by the positional information, identity Information and analysis result send supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, and export the second warning information, for reminding car owner.

In the present embodiment, presetting the second standard can formulate according to the vehicle emission standards of national regulation, if vapour It is then against regulation that the emission level of car, which has exceeded vehicle emission standards,.If detecting current motor vehicle exhaust emission level Default second standard (such as vehicle emission standards) is exceeded, then according to the identification information of Current vehicle, by current vehicle Positional information and identification information and exhaust emissions situation (analysis result) be together sent to testing vehicle register mark The corresponding vehicle supervision department of information (such as vehicle management institute).Meanwhile, car owner, such as light, sound are reminded in a proper manner Deng so that car owner is together handled Current vehicle exhaust emissions problem with associated vehicle supervision department.

By the present embodiment, when exceeded to exhaust emissions level serious, by the identity information of the vehicle, positional information, tail Gas emission behaviour (analysis result) together sends supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, can be exceeded to exhaust emissions level serious Vehicle play supervision effect, supervise car owner to overhaul the vehicle of emission level severe overweight, to reduce vehicle exhaust pair The pollution of environment.

In addition, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, following steps are also realized:

In inscribed positional information, identification information and the emission from vehicles data correspondence returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Analysis result;

All analysis results received are grouped by area according to the positional information;

According to each group of analysis result included, vehicle exhaust row of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period is counted To one's heart's content condition.

In the present embodiment, preset time period can be one day, one week, January, and this is not restricted, with specific reference to reality Situation is configured.For example, by preset time period be set to one day, i.e. server by all analysis results received in one day by It is grouped according to the corresponding vehicle position information of analysis result.For example, 100 analysis results are have received, wherein 30 parsing knots Really corresponding vehicle position information is in the range of area 1, then this 30 analysis results is divided into group 1, in addition 70 parsings As a result corresponding vehicle position information is in the range of area 2, then this 70 analysis results is divided into group 2.Respectively in group 1 Comprising analysis result and group 2 in the analysis result that includes analyzed, obtain analysis result.Analysis result can be the ground The total amount or average value for the vehicle emission data that area is counted within this day, this is not restricted.

In the present embodiment, analysis result is grouped according to area according to car location message, contributes to implementation pair The difference management and control of regional, realizes the environmental monitoring to vehicle exhaust by area, and then arrange according to the vehicle exhaust of each department To one's heart's content condition formulates corresponding environmental management policy.

In addition, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, following steps are also realized:

Judge whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default regional standard;

If the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, by the area Sent in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period to the regional corresponding environmental administration.

In the present embodiment, each corresponding first automobile exhaust emission standard line in area can be formulated according to historical data (representing that air quality is outstanding), the second automobile exhaust emission standard line (represents that air quality is general), the 3rd motor vehicle exhaust emission Normal line (represents that air quality is poor).When receiving some analysis results in preset time period, according to car location message according to Analysis result is grouped by area, and the analysis result progress included in each regional corresponding group is analyzed and obtains this area and exists Motor vehicle exhaust emission situation in preset time period, the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation is contrasted with default regional standard, if Current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation then illustrates current position under the second automobile exhaust emission standard line (representing that air quality is general) The motor vehicle emission situation in area is in normal condition, if current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation is in the second automobile exhaust emission standard line On (representing that air quality is general), then illustrate that current motor vehicle exhaust emission situation is in abnormality, then by current vehicle exhaust Emission behaviour occurs to corresponding environmental administration of this area to formulate environmental practice, and air quality is optimized such as restricting driving, sprinkle water Means.

In the present embodiment, a certain regional motor vehicle exhaust emission situation in certain time is sent to this area's correspondence Environmental administration contribute to motor vehicle exhaust emission situation to this area to carry out overall management and control.

In addition, the processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, following steps are also realized:

The corresponding analysis result of same identification information is divided into one group and stored, for the identification information Corresponding motor vehicle exhaust emission level is analyzed.

In the present embodiment, for example, the identification information of an automobile is A, server is received and the identity mark every time All analysis result is stored according to time order and function order when knowing the corresponding analysis result of information A.Can be with according to analysis result Per day exhaust emissions amount to the automobile is analyzed, and obtained analyze data contributes to environmentally friendly research.

In addition, the embodiment of the present invention also proposes a kind of computer-readable recording medium, the computer-readable recording medium On be stored with vehicle exhaust monitoring program, the vehicle exhaust monitoring program realizes vapour as described above when being executed by processor The step of tail gas monitoring method.

The specific embodiment of computer-readable recording medium of the present invention and each embodiment base of above-mentioned vehicle exhaust monitoring method This is identical, will not be described here.

It should be noted that herein, term " comprising ", "comprising" or its any other variant are intended to non-row His property is included, so that process, method, article or system including a series of key elements not only include those key elements, and And also including other key elements being not expressly set out, or also include for this process, method, article or system institute inherently Key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that including this Also there is other identical element in process, method, article or the system of key element.

The embodiments of the present invention are for illustration only, and the quality of embodiment is not represented.

Through the above description of the embodiments, those skilled in the art can be understood that above-described embodiment side Method can add the mode of required general hardware platform to realize by software, naturally it is also possible to by hardware, but in many cases The former is more preferably embodiment.Understood based on such, technical scheme is substantially done to prior art in other words Going out the part of contribution can be embodied in the form of software product, and the computer software product is stored in one as described above In storage medium (such as ROM/RAM, magnetic disc, CD), including some instructions to cause a station terminal equipment (can be mobile phone, Computer, server, air conditioner, or network equipment etc.) perform method described in each of the invention embodiment.

The preferred embodiments of the present invention are these are only, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every to utilize this hair Equivalent structure or equivalent flow conversion that bright specification and accompanying drawing content are made, or directly or indirectly it is used in other related skills Art field, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of vehicle exhaust monitoring method, it is characterised in that the vehicle exhaust monitoring method includes:
When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather the vapour in real time The emissions data of tail gas;
The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is to the row Put data to be parsed, obtain the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;
The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, so that server is to described Analysis result, the positional information and identification information are analyzed.
2. vehicle exhaust monitoring method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described to send the emissions data to pre- Automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is put, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is parsed to the emissions data, parsing knot is obtained Include after fruit:
According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value;
If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes preset first threshold value, the first warning information is exported, for reminding Car owner.
3. vehicle exhaust monitoring method as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described to send the emissions data to pre- Automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is put, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is parsed to the emissions data, parsing knot is obtained Fruit also includes afterwards:
According to the analysis result, judge whether the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, it is described Second Threshold is more than the first threshold;
If the pernicious gas content of current vehicle exhaust exceedes default Second Threshold, by the positional information, identification information And analysis result sends supervision department corresponding to the vehicle, and the second warning information is exported, for reminding car owner.
4. a kind of vehicle exhaust monitoring method, it is characterised in that the vehicle exhaust monitoring method is applied to server, the vapour Tail gas monitoring method includes:
In inscribed positional information, identification information and the corresponding solution of emission from vehicles data returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Analyse result;
All analysis results received are grouped by area according to the positional information;
According to each group of analysis result included, motor vehicle exhaust emission feelings of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period are counted Condition.
5. vehicle exhaust monitoring method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that described according to each group of parsing included As a result, include after motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the described group of correspondence area of statistics in preset time period:
Judge whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default regional standard;
If the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, by the area pre- If the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of period is sent to the regional corresponding environmental administration.
6. vehicle exhaust monitoring method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that described to return the vehicle to the garage and knock off preset time period is inscribed Positional information, identification information and the corresponding analysis result of emission from vehicles data after include:
The corresponding analysis result of same identification information is divided into one group and stored, for identification information correspondence Motor vehicle exhaust emission level analyzed.
7. a kind of automobile exhaust monitoring system, it is characterised in that the automobile exhaust monitoring system includes:Memory, processor, Communication bus and the vehicle exhaust monitoring program being stored on the memory:
The communication bus is used to realize the communication connection between processor and memory;
The processor is used to perform the vehicle exhaust monitoring program, to realize following steps:
When detecting engine operation, the positional information and identification information of automobile are obtained, and gather the vapour in real time The emissions data of tail gas;
The emissions data is sent to preset automobile emission gas analyzer equipment, so that the automobile emission gas analyzer equipment is to the row Put data to be parsed, obtain the analysis result of automobile emission gas analyzer equipment feedback;
The analysis result, the positional information and identification information are sent to server, so that server is to described Analysis result, the positional information and identification information are analyzed.
8. automobile exhaust monitoring system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the processor is used to perform the automobile Tail gas monitoring program, also realizes following steps:
In inscribed positional information, identification information and the corresponding solution of emission from vehicles data returned the vehicle to the garage and knock off of preset time period Analyse result;
All analysis results received are grouped by area according to the positional information;
According to each group of analysis result included, motor vehicle exhaust emission feelings of the described group of correspondence area in preset time period are counted Condition.
9. automobile exhaust monitoring system as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the processor is used to perform the automobile Tail gas monitoring program, also realizes following steps:
Judge whether motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of the area in preset time period exceedes default regional standard;
If the area exceedes default regional standard in the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of preset time period, by the area pre- If the motor vehicle exhaust emission situation of period is sent to the regional corresponding environmental administration.
10. a kind of computer-readable recording medium, it is characterised in that be stored with car tail on the computer-readable recording medium Gas monitoring program, realizes such as claims 1 to 3 or claim 4 when the vehicle exhaust monitoring program is executed by processor The step of to vehicle exhaust monitoring method any one of 6.
CN201710290208.5A 2017-04-27 2017-04-27 Vehicle exhaust monitoring method, system and computer-readable recording medium CN107219330A (en)

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