CN107217858A - The infrared three-dimension positioner and positioning construction method of a kind of hyperboloid building - Google Patents

The infrared three-dimension positioner and positioning construction method of a kind of hyperboloid building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107217858A
CN107217858A CN201710562200.XA CN201710562200A CN107217858A CN 107217858 A CN107217858 A CN 107217858A CN 201710562200 A CN201710562200 A CN 201710562200A CN 107217858 A CN107217858 A CN 107217858A
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msub
mrow
building
curved
mfrac
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CN201710562200.XA
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CN107217858B (en
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王若林
朱道佩
桑农
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武汉大学
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of infrared three-dimension positioner of hyperboloid building and positioning construction method, device is made up of infrared transmitting device array, roller bearing, rotation control module, retractor device and remote control, and the axis of curved-surface building can be accurately positioned;Curved surface where curved-surface building thing axis is respectively classified into m parts and n-layer by the present invention with vertical direction in the horizontal direction first, and m × n parts are divided into altogether;Then the enough polylith small panels of processing are calculated according to the height and Curvature varying per a curved-surface building;Then small panel is subjected to level splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fixed using bolt, constitute template;Location and installation is carried out by infrared three-dimension positioner in splicing, after bottom one layer of model sheetinstallat is finished, concrete cast is carried out, after construction is finished, the height of the template of curved surface both sides where axis is improved one layer, then carries out next layer of construction, until reaching the height h of building.

Description

The infrared three-dimension positioner and positioning construction method of a kind of hyperboloid building

Technical field

The invention belongs to optical locating techniques field, and in particular to a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning dress of hyperboloid building Put and positioning construction method.

Background technology

Because the heat dispersion of curved-surface building thing is good, at present, the cooling tower of chemical plant and steam power plant is using curved surface Profile.The control of the sectional dimension of concrete component, offset deviation, perpendicularity is than normal concrete structure in curved-surface building thing Engineering challenges are many, therefore complicated construction technique, the more difficult control of construction quality.

The content of the invention

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of infrared three-dimension positioner of hyperboloid building And positioning construction method.

The technical scheme that is used of device of the present invention is:A kind of infrared three-dimension positioner of hyperboloid building, It is characterized in that:Including infrared transmitting device, remote control, mobile machine arm;

Some horizontal infrared transmitting device arrays of infrared transmitting device composition, some infrared transmitting device groups Into longitudinal infrared transmitting device array;The mobile machine arm is two, and direction is arranged on hyperboloid building mutual vertically Both sides, be fixedly installed the horizontal infrared transmitting device array and longitudinal infrared transmitting device array respectively thereon;

The remote control is used to control infrared transmitting device to launch ultrared angle, so that it is guaranteed that hyperboloid Every bit can be determined by the ultrared intersection point of two beams on curved surface where the axis of building.

The technical scheme that is used of method of the present invention is:A kind of infrared three-dimension positioning construction party of hyperboloid building Method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:

Step 1:Design hyperboloid building template;

If the thickness of hyperboloid building is t, exterior contour is hyperbola, and Hyperbolic Equation is: First, curved surface where the axis of hyperboloid building is horizontally split into m parts, then, is divided into n-layer in short transverse, often Layer height beThe height of i.e. one piece small panel;Now, hyperboloid building is divided into m × n parts, i.e., it can be by m × n Block curved surface small panel is spliced to form;Then 4 summits of every a curved surface small panel are set to key point;Finally, according to each The Curvature varying and every layer of high computational of part curved surface small panel process enough polylith small panels;

Step 2:Position the axis of hyperboloid building;

If infrared transmitting device AiWith infrared transmitting device BiThe light beam launched respectively with y-axis and the folder in x-axis direction Angle is αiAnd βi;Their angles with z-axis are respectively γiAnd λi;Wherein, i=1,2 ..., n;

Z is taken first0=0 plane is studied, in this plane, and the ultrared intersection point of two beams is P (x0,y0, 0), A1P length is l1, B1P length is l2, focal length is l, and real semiaxis is a;

Solving equations (1) and (2):

l1-l2=2a (1)

WhenWhen, by P (x0,y0,z0) point in xoy planes projection obtain P ' (x0,y0, 0), it is assumed that A2P ' length is x1, B2P ' length is x2

It can be obtained by the cosine law:

Wherein, d represents two neighboring red in horizontal infrared transmitting device array and longitudinal infrared transmitting device array The distance between outside line emitter;l1Represent A1P length;

It can be obtained by sine:

I.e.:

Similarly:

Now,

Remote control (18) passes through infrared transmitting device AiIn signal receiver (10) and AiIn longitudinally rotate Control module (11) and lateral rotation control module (17) are communicated, and control longitudinally rotates control module (11) and lateral rotation The rotational angle of control module (17), and then to αi、βi、γiAnd λiAdjusted in real time;The key on axis is clicked through one by one Row positioning;With x0,y0And z0Be continually changing, αi、βi、γiAnd λiAnd then change, now, the track of P points is also constantly becoming Change, these tracing points are connected, the axis of curved-surface building is obtained;

Step 3:Hyperboloid building template is installed;

First, curved surface small panel is subjected to level splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fixed, constitute mould Plate, this template distance of curved surface where the axis isThen it is in the curved surface where axisOther side set phase Same template;

Step 4:The construction of hyperboloid building;

After bottom one layer of model sheetinstallat is finished, concrete cast is carried out, after construction is finished, by curved surface two where axis The height of the template of side fromBring up toNext layer of construction is carried out again, until reaching the height h of building.

It is an advantage of the invention that:

1:The axis of curved-surface building can be accurately positioned, so as to control construction precision in real time, method is simple, construction Efficiency high;

2:Multiple key points of building can be positioned, so as to realize the three-dimensional reconstruction of building.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are the method schematic of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 is infrared transmitting device, roller bearing and the retractor device of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the detail of construction of the roller bearing of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the remote control figure of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the curved-surface building figure of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 is the infrared transmitting device array of the embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 10 is the β of the embodiment of the present invention1With α1The curve map of change;

Figure 11 is the β of the embodiment of the present invention2With α2The curve map of change;

Figure 12 is the γ of the embodiment of the present invention2With α2The curve map of change;

Figure 13 is the λ of the embodiment of the present invention2With α2The curve map of change.

In figure, 1 it is hyperboloid building, 2 is curved surface where axis, 3 is infrared ray, 4 is horizontal infrared transmitting device battle array Row, 5 be longitudinal infrared transmitting device array, 6 be RF transmitter, 7 be signal control module, 8 be data processing module, 9 be signal projector, 10 be signal receiver, 11 for longitudinally rotate control module, 12 be retractor device, 13 be roller bearing, 14 be Outer layer ring, 15 be ball, 16 be inner layer ring, 17 be lateral rotation control module, 18 be remote control, 19 be mobile machine Arm.

Embodiment

Understand for the ease of those of ordinary skill in the art and implement the present invention, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment is to this hair It is bright to be described in further detail, it will be appreciated that implementation example described herein is merely to illustrate and explain the present invention, not For limiting the present invention.

See the infrared three-dimension positioner of Fig. 3-Fig. 9, the present invention a kind of hyperboloid building provided, including hyperbolic Curved surface 2, infrared ray 3, horizontal infrared transmitting device array 4, longitudinal infrared transmitting device array where face building 1, axis 5th, retractor device 12, roller bearing 13, remote control 18, mobile machine arm 19;

Infrared transmitting device array 4 is made up of many infrared transmitting devices, and infrared transmitting device includes infrared ray Transmitter 6, signal control module 7, data processing module 8, signal receiver 10 and/or signal projector 9, retractor device 12; The two ends of retractor device 12 are configured with roller bearing 13, and roller bearing 13 is made up of outer layer ring 14, ball 15 and inner layer ring 16;It is horizontal and vertical red Outside line emitter array 4 and 5 is fixed on above mobile machine arm 19, and the distance between each two infrared transmitting device can be with Adjustment as needed;Two mobile machine arms 19 are arranged on the both sides of hyperboloid building 1, and direction is mutually perpendicular to;Flexible dress Putting 12 is used to adjust RF transmitter 6 to appropriate height as needed;Two infrared transmitting device A1And B1The distance between For l;Infrared transmitting device AiAnd BiThe light beam launched is respectively α with the angle of y-axis and x-axis directioniAnd βi;They and z-axis Angle be respectively γiAnd λi;Remote control 18 can be to angle αi、βi、γiAnd λiAdjusted in real time;Where axis Every bit on curved surface 2 can be determined by the ultrared intersection point of two beams.

See the infrared three-dimension positioning construction method of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention a kind of hyperboloid building provided, bag Include following steps:

Step 1:Design hyperboloid building template;

If the thickness of hyperboloid building is t, exterior contour is hyperbola, and Hyperbolic Equation is: First, curved surface where the axis of hyperboloid building is horizontally split into m parts, then, is divided into n-layer in short transverse, often Layer height beThe height of i.e. one piece small panel;Now, hyperboloid building is divided into m × n parts, i.e., it can be by m × n Block curved surface small panel is spliced to form, as shown in Figure 7;Then 4 summits of every a curved surface small panel are set to key point;Most Afterwards, enough polylith small panels are processed according to the Curvature varying of every a curved surface small panel and every layer of high computational;

Step 2:Position the axis of hyperboloid building;

If infrared transmitting device AiWith infrared transmitting device BiThe light beam launched respectively with y-axis and the folder in x-axis direction Angle is αiAnd βi;Their angles with z-axis are respectively γiAnd λi;Wherein, i=1,2 ..., n;

Z is taken first0=0 plane is studied, in this plane, and the ultrared intersection point of two beams is P (x0,y0, 0), A1P length is l1, B1P length is l2, focal length is l, and real semiaxis is a;

Solving equations (1) and (2):

l1-l2=2a (1)

WhenWhen, by P (x0,y0,z0) point in xoy planes projection obtain P ' (x0,y0, 0), it is assumed that A2P ' length is x1, B2P ' length is x2

It can be obtained by the cosine law:

Wherein, d represents two neighboring in horizontal infrared transmitting device array 4 and longitudinal infrared transmitting device array 5 The distance between infrared transmitting device;l1Represent A1P length;

It can be obtained by sine:

I.e.:

Similarly:

Now,

Remote control (18) passes through infrared transmitting device AiIn signal receiver (10) and AiIn longitudinally rotate Control module (11) and lateral rotation control module (17) are communicated, and control longitudinally rotates control module (11) and lateral rotation The rotational angle of control module (17), and then to αi、βi、γiAnd λiAdjusted in real time;The key on axis is clicked through one by one Row positioning;With x0,y0And z0Be continually changing, αi、βi、γiAnd λiAnd then change, now, the track of P points is also constantly becoming Change, these tracing points are connected, the axis of curved-surface building is obtained;Figure 10-13 is a=4, b=3, z0During=2 and d=3, βi、γiAnd λiWith αiChange curve;

Step 3:Hyperboloid building template is installed;

First, curved surface small panel is subjected to level splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fixed, constitute mould Plate, this template distance of curved surface where the axis isThen it is in the curved surface where axisOther side set phase Same template;

Step 4:The construction of hyperboloid building;

After bottom one layer of model sheetinstallat is finished, concrete cast is carried out, after construction is finished, by curved surface two where axis The height of the template of side fromBring up toNext layer of construction is carried out again, until reaching the height h of building.

Although this specification has more used hyperboloid to build 1, axis place curved surface 2, infrared ray 3, horizontal infrared ray Emitter array 4, longitudinal infrared transmitting device array 5, RF transmitter 6, signal control module 7, data processing mould Block 8, signal projector 9, signal receiver 10, longitudinally rotate control module 11, retractor device 12, roller bearing 13, outer layer ring 14, rolling The terms such as pearl 15, inner layer ring 16, lateral rotation control module 17, remote control 18, mobile machine arm 19, but be not precluded from Use the possibility of other terms.It is used for the purpose of more easily describing the essence of the present invention using these terms, they is solved Any additional limitation is interpreted into all to disagree with spirit of the present invention.

It should be appreciated that the part that this specification is not elaborated belongs to prior art.

It should be appreciated that the above-mentioned description for preferred embodiment is more detailed, therefore it can not be considered to this The limitation of invention patent protection scope, one of ordinary skill in the art is not departing from power of the present invention under the enlightenment of the present invention Profit is required under protected ambit, can also be made replacement or be deformed, each fall within protection scope of the present invention, this hair It is bright scope is claimed to be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of infrared three-dimension positioner of hyperboloid building, it is characterised in that:Including infrared transmitting device, remotely Control device (18), mobile machine arm (19);
Some horizontal infrared transmitting device arrays (4) of infrared transmitting device composition, some infrared transmitting device groups Into longitudinal infrared transmitting device array (5);The mobile machine arm (19) is two, and direction is arranged on hyperbolic mutual vertically The both sides of face building (1), are fixedly installed the horizontal infrared transmitting device array (4) and longitudinal infrared ray hair respectively thereon Injection device array (5);
The remote control (18) is used for the angle for controlling infrared transmitting device to launch infrared ray (3), so that it is guaranteed that double Every bit can be determined by the ultrared intersection point of two beams on curved surface (2) where the axis of curved-surface building (1).
2. the infrared three-dimension positioner of hyperboloid building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described infrared Line emitter includes RF transmitter (6), signal control module (7), data processing module (8), signal receiver (10) And/or signal projector (9), longitudinally rotate control module (11), lateral rotation control module (17);
The infrared transmitting device is also configured with retractor device (12), is arrived for adjusting RF transmitter (6) as needed Appropriate height.
3. the infrared three-dimension positioner of hyperboloid building according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described flexible Device (12) two ends are configured with roller bearing (13), and roller bearing (13) is made up of outer layer ring (14), ball (15) and inner layer ring (16).
4. a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning construction method of hyperboloid building, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Design hyperboloid building template;
If the thickness of hyperboloid building is t, exterior contour is hyperbola, and Hyperbolic Equation is:First, Curved surface where the axis of hyperboloid building is horizontally split into m parts, then, is divided into n-layer, every layer of height in short transverse Spend and beThe height of i.e. one piece small panel;Now, hyperboloid building is divided into m × n parts, i.e., it can be by m × n block curved surfaces Small panel is spliced to form;Then 4 summits of every a curved surface small panel are set to key point;Finally, according to every a curved surface The Curvature varying of small panel and every layer of high computational process enough polylith small panels;
Step 2:Position the axis of hyperboloid building;
If infrared transmitting device AiWith infrared transmitting device BiAngle of the light beam launched respectively with y-axis and x-axis direction be αiAnd βi;Their angles with z-axis are respectively γiAnd λi;Wherein, i=1,2 ..., n;
Z is taken first0=0 plane is studied, in this plane, and the ultrared intersection point of two beams is P (x0,y0, 0), A1P length Spend for l1, B1P length is l2, focal length is l, and real semiaxis is a;
Solving equations (1) and (2):
l1-l2=2a (1)
<mrow> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mi>c</mi> <mi>o</mi> <mi>s</mi> <mrow> <mo>(</mo> <msub> <mi>&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mo>-</mo> <mfrac> <mi>&amp;pi;</mi> <mn>2</mn> </mfrac> <mo>)</mo> </mrow> <mo>+</mo> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>cos&amp;beta;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mo>=</mo> <mi>l</mi> <mo>-</mo> <mo>-</mo> <mo>-</mo> <mrow> <mo>(</mo> <mn>2</mn> <mo>)</mo> </mrow> </mrow>
<mrow> <msub> <mi>&amp;beta;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mo>=</mo> <mi>a</mi> <mi>r</mi> <mi>c</mi> <mi>c</mi> <mi>o</mi> <mi>s</mi> <mfrac> <mrow> <mi>l</mi> <mo>-</mo> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>sin&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> <mrow> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mo>-</mo> <mn>2</mn> <mi>a</mi> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo>-</mo> <mo>-</mo> <mo>-</mo> <mrow> <mo>(</mo> <mn>3</mn> <mo>)</mo> </mrow> </mrow>
WhenWhen, by P (x0,y0,z0) point in xoy planes projection obtain P ' (x0,y0, 0), it is assumed that A2P's ' Length is x1, B2P ' length is x2
It can be obtained by the cosine law:
<mrow> <mi>c</mi> <mi>o</mi> <mi>s</mi> <mrow> <mo>(</mo> <mi>&amp;pi;</mi> <mo>-</mo> <msub> <mi>&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mo>)</mo> </mrow> <mo>=</mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mi>d</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msup> <mo>+</mo> <msubsup> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> <mn>2</mn> </msubsup> <mo>-</mo> <msubsup> <mi>x</mi> <mn>1</mn> <mn>2</mn> </msubsup> </mrow> <mrow> <mn>2</mn> <msub> <mi>dl</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo>;</mo> </mrow>
Wherein, d represents two neighboring in horizontal infrared transmitting device array (4) and longitudinal infrared transmitting device array (5) The distance between infrared transmitting device;l1Represent A1P length;
It can be obtained by sine:
<mrow> <mfrac> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mrow> <msub> <mi>sin&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo>=</mo> <mfrac> <msub> <mi>x</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <mrow> <msub> <mi>sin&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo>;</mo> </mrow>
I.e.:
<mrow> <msub> <mi>&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <mo>=</mo> <mi>a</mi> <mi>r</mi> <mi>c</mi> <mi>s</mi> <mi>i</mi> <mi>n</mi> <mfrac> <mrow> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>sin&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> <msqrt> <mrow> <msup> <mi>d</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msup> <mo>+</mo> <msubsup> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> <mn>2</mn> </msubsup> <mo>+</mo> <mn>2</mn> <msub> <mi>dl</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>cos&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </msqrt> </mfrac> <mo>;</mo> </mrow>
Similarly:
<mrow> <msub> <mi>&amp;beta;</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <mo>=</mo> <mi>a</mi> <mi>r</mi> <mi>c</mi> <mi>s</mi> <mi>i</mi> <mi>n</mi> <mfrac> <mrow> <msub> <mi>l</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>sin&amp;beta;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> <msqrt> <mrow> <msup> <mi>d</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msup> <mo>+</mo> <msubsup> <mi>l</mi> <mn>2</mn> <mn>2</mn> </msubsup> <mo>+</mo> <mn>2</mn> <msub> <mi>dl</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>cos&amp;beta;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </msqrt> </mfrac> <mo>;</mo> </mrow>
Now,
<mrow> <msub> <mi>&amp;gamma;</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <mo>=</mo> <mi>a</mi> <mi>r</mi> <mi>c</mi> <mi>t</mi> <mi>a</mi> <mi>n</mi> <mfrac> <msub> <mi>z</mi> <mn>0</mn> </msub> <msqrt> <mrow> <msup> <mi>d</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msup> <mo>+</mo> <msubsup> <mi>l</mi> <mn>1</mn> <mn>2</mn> </msubsup> <mo>+</mo> <mn>2</mn> <msub> <mi>dl</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>cos&amp;alpha;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </msqrt> </mfrac> <mo>,</mo> <msub> <mi>&amp;lambda;</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <mo>=</mo> <mi>a</mi> <mi>r</mi> <mi>c</mi> <mi>t</mi> <mi>a</mi> <mi>n</mi> <mfrac> <msub> <mi>z</mi> <mn>0</mn> </msub> <msqrt> <mrow> <msup> <mi>d</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msup> <mo>+</mo> <msubsup> <mi>l</mi> <mn>2</mn> <mn>2</mn> </msubsup> <mo>+</mo> <mn>2</mn> <msub> <mi>dl</mi> <mn>2</mn> </msub> <msub> <mi>cos&amp;beta;</mi> <mn>1</mn> </msub> </mrow> </msqrt> </mfrac> <mo>;</mo> </mrow>
Remote control (18) passes through infrared transmitting device AiIn signal receiver (10) and AiIn longitudinally rotate control Module (11) and lateral rotation control module (17) are communicated, and control longitudinally rotates control module (11) and lateral rotation control The rotational angle of module (17), and then to αi、βi、γiAnd λiAdjusted in real time;The key point on axis is determined one by one Position;With x0,y0And z0Be continually changing, αi、βi、γiAnd λiAnd then change, now, the track of P points is also being continually changing, will These tracing points are connected, and obtain the axis of curved-surface building;
Step 3:Hyperboloid building template is installed;
First, curved surface small panel is subjected to level splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fixed, constitute template, This template distance of curved surface where the axis isThen it is in the curved surface where axisOther side set it is identical Template;
Step 4:The construction of hyperboloid building;
After bottom one layer of model sheetinstallat is finished, concrete cast is carried out, after construction is finished, by curved surface both sides where axis The height of template fromBring up toNext layer of construction is carried out again, until reaching the height h of building.
CN201710562200.XA 2017-07-11 2017-07-11 A kind of the infrared three-dimension positioning device and positioning construction method of hyperboloid building CN107217858B (en)

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CN107356235A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-11-17 武汉大学 The infrared three-dimension positioner and method of a kind of hyperboloid building

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