A kind of food and drink automatic oil-separation deslagging device
The present invention relates to sewage from catering business processing equipment field, more particularly to a kind of food and drink automatic oil-separation deslagging device.
Fast-developing catering industry produces in substantial amounts of sewage from catering business, undressed sewage from catering business and remains substantial amounts of oil
The materials such as fat, COD and BOD, which are discharged into water, to cause severe contamination to water body.And there is obvious shortcoming in traditional oil interceptor, such as oil
Water separating effect is bad, and oil slick and swill cleaning are inconvenient, and long-term accumulated produces stench etc..
At present, notification number discloses a kind of small-sized oil water separator of sewage from catering business for CN203212358U Chinese patent,
It includes slagging-off area, oil-removing area and exhalant region.The area's setting filter basket that removes the gred and movable plate washer, filtering and retention swill；Remove
Oily area sets hand-rail type oil-scraping device, and oil slick is collected into oil trap by hand-rail type oil-scraping device, and oil-collecting is flowed into by oil collecting pipe
In bucket, exhalant region is through outlet pipe water outlet.
Although this small-sized oil water separator of sewage from catering business is additionally arranged hand-rail type frizing dress on the basis of traditional oil interceptor
Put, improve water-oil separating efficiency, solve the technical problems such as manual cleaning grease, cleaning scum silica frost inconvenience.But when slagging-off area
It is reinstalled again after the waste residue product of interior filter basket is full, it is necessary to manually remove to outwell, uses cumbersome, operation inconvenience.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of food and drink automatic oil-separation deslagging device, it has in automatic cleaning sewage from catering business
Residue, the advantage without manual cleaning.
The present invention above-mentioned technical purpose technical scheme is that：
It is sequentially provided with a kind of food and drink automatic oil-separation deslagging device, including housing, housing except grit chamber, oil removal room, reservoir compartment and clear
Hydroecium, slagging-off ceiling portion is provided with sewage from catering business import, and the slagging-off interior is provided with slag remover, and slag remover includes slag-conveying machinery and drive
The drive device of dynamic slag-conveying machinery motion, it is the first drive roll that slag-conveying machinery includes being connected with drive device, first driven
Roller, the grid conveyer belt being arranged between the first drive roll and the first driven voller, grid conveyer belt are obliquely installed, and housing is provided with
The scum pipe that waste residue on grid conveyer belt is discharged, the scum pipe mouth of pipe is set towards grid conveyer belt away from ground one end.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the import in sewage from catering business from slagging-off ceiling portion is passed through except grit chamber, slag remover
Slag-conveying machinery is driven by drive device, and the bulky grain debris such as swill in sewage from catering business is fallen on grid conveyer belt, grid
Debris is transported to slag-drip opening discharge by conveyer belt, and the sewage after slagging-off is passed through from grid conveyer belt to be fallen on except grit chamber carries out next step
Processing.Grid conveyer belt is obliquely installed, and the scum pipe mouth of pipe is set towards grid conveyer belt away from ground one end so that in residue
Moisture be able to be then exhausted from after being filtered dry, reduce residue in moisture, it is to avoid residue causes secondary pollution with moisture.Slag remover
Setting reduces artificial operation, and use more facilitates, and operates simpler.
Further set：The drive device includes reducing motor, first be arranged in reducing motor output shaft actively
The first driven pulley take turns, being arranged on the first drive roll, the first transmission being arranged between the first driving wheel and the first driven pulley
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when needing to start slag-conveying machinery, start reducing motor, reducing motor drives and set
Put and rotated in the first driving wheel thereon, the first transmission belt is so as to drive the first driven pulley to rotate.So as to realize by drive device
Drive slag-conveying machinery motion.Simultaneously because the characteristic of reducing motor, rotating torque in itself is larger, convenient later maintenance.
Further set：The oil removal room includes preceding oil baffle, rear oil baffle and upper oil baffle, upper oil baffle and rear gear oil
Groove is provided between plate, reservoir compartment is arranged in groove, is provided with above upper oil baffle and scrapes the dregs of fat to the Slag Scraping Device of reservoir compartment.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, because the relative density of oil, gas and water is different, the certain oil water mixture of component
Under certain pressure and temperature, a certain proportion of oil, gas and water phase will be formed when system is in balance.Preceding oil baffle, after
Oil baffle and upper oil baffle can only can not be passed through by aqueous phase, oil.The dregs of fat of sewage from catering business rise to the rise of water level
The height of oil baffle, Slag Scraping Device separates the dregs of fat into reservoir compartment.And the aqueous phase in sewage from catering business then enters through preceding oil baffle
Cleared up to oil removal room, then by rear oil baffle into subordinate.The separation of oil and water is realized herein.
Further set：It is provided between the clean water chamber and oil removal room and the sewage in oil removal room is guided in clean water chamber
Guiding gutter, the top delivery port height of guiding gutter is highly consistent with upper oil baffle.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, aqueous phase is entered in guiding gutter through rear oil baffle, the water level in guiding gutter with
The aqueous phase through oil removal room to increase and raise, until highly consistent with upper oil baffle, then aqueous phase is overflowed guiding gutter and entered
In clean water chamber.Sewage from catering business can be so caused to be raised to the height of oil baffle except the water level in grit chamber, then by slag-scraper
The dregs of fat of sewage upper surface are separated into reservoir compartment.
Further set：The Slag Scraping Device includes the motor of slag-scraper and driving slag-scraper motion, scrapes slag dress
Put including the second drive roll being connected with motor, the second driven voller, be arranged on the second drive roll and the second driven voller
Between scrape slag band, be arranged on the scum board scraped on slag band.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, motor drives the second drive roll to rotate, and driven by scraping slag V belt translation
Second driven voller is rotated, and the scum board scraped on slag band scrapes the dregs of fat into reservoir compartment.
Further set：The reservoir compartment bottom is provided with oil exit pipe.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, in sewage from catering business processing procedure, oil exit pipe is simultaneously by the dregs of fat in reservoir compartment
Discharge, prevents the dregs of fat from excessively blocking oil exit pipe.
Further set：Provided with the sewage pump for discharging sewage in the clean water chamber, sewage pump is dirty with municipal administration
Automatic coupling device is provided between water system.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, sewage from catering business except grit chamber, oil removal room and reservoir compartment by eliminating food therein
Thing residue and animal and plant fat, finally reach in clean water chamber, now again extract sewage by sewage pump and be discharged into city
In political affairs sewerage, meet municipal wastewater discharge index.When sewage pump, which runs into failure, needs maintenance, sewage lifting is lifted by crane
Pump, is sealed sewage pump and pipeline by automatic coupling device after maintenance is good, so that sewage pump is normally run,
Install and repair and quite facilitate.
Further set：The case top is provided with the first access hole of correspondence slag remover, the second of correspondence slag-scraper
3rd access hole of access hole, correspondence sewage pump.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when slag remover, Slag Scraping Device or sewage pump produce failure, it can open
Corresponding access hole, facilitates later maintenance and maintenance, reduces later maintenance cost.
Further set：The agitating device for being used for stirring the dregs of fat in reservoir compartment, agitating device bag are provided with the reservoir compartment
Include the drive disk being arranged on above reservoir compartment, the agitating shaft by driving dish driving, the biography being arranged between drive disk and agitating shaft
Dynamic plate, is provided with the second transmission belt for being used for driving drive disk to rotate between drive disk and the second drive roll.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, drive disk is driven by the second transmission belt by the second drive roll and rotated, drive disk
Drive agitating shaft to stir the dregs of fat in reservoir compartment by driver plate, prevent the dregs of fat from solidifying, be more conducive to discharge the dregs of fat.
Further set：The agitating shaft is provided with the disintegrating slag tooth for being used for blending the solidification dregs of fat.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, same day temperature degree is relatively low, and dregs of fat grease easily solidifies, and passes through the disintegrating slag of agitating shaft
Tooth can blend the dregs of fat grease of solidification, the dregs of fat discharge of convenient solidification.
In summary, the invention has the advantages that：The present apparatus uses 304 stainless steel welded shapings.Good appearance,
Design structure is ingenious, integrates slagging-off, oil removal, sewage lifting, and automaticity is high, it is not necessary to which people manages, closed structure.
In the course of work, free from extraneous odour is convenient and practical with scraping slag function, self-skimming, without blocking.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front cross-sectional view of embodiment 1；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation for being used in embodiment 1 show slag remover；
Fig. 3 is the side sectional view of embodiment 1；
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of the part A of Fig. 2 in embodiment 1；
Fig. 5 is the structural representation for being used in embodiment 1 show Slag Scraping Device and oil removal room；
Fig. 6 is the structural representation for being used in embodiment 2 show agitating device；
Fig. 7 is to be used in embodiment 2 show the structural representation inside reservoir compartment.
In figure, 1, housing；11st, the first access hole；12nd, the second access hole；13rd, the 3rd access hole；2nd, except grit chamber；21st, enter
Mouthful；22nd, slag remover；221st, slag-conveying machinery；2211st, the first drive roll；2212nd, the first driven voller；2213rd, grid conveyer belt；
222nd, drive device；2221st, reducing motor；2222nd, the first driving wheel；2223rd, the first driven pulley；2224th, the first transmission belt；
23rd, scum pipe；3rd, oil removal room；31st, preceding oil baffle；32nd, rear oil baffle；33rd, upper oil baffle；34th, discharge outlet；4th, reservoir compartment；41、
Oil exit pipe；42nd, dovetail groove；43rd, agitating device；431st, drive disk；432nd, the second transmission belt；433rd, agitating shaft；434th, disintegrating slag tooth；
435th, driver plate；436th, jointed shaft；5th, clean water chamber；51st, sewage pump；52nd, blow-off pipe；53rd, overfall；54th, automatic coupling
Device；6th, guiding gutter；7th, Slag Scraping Device；71st, slag-scraper；711st, the second drive roll；712nd, the second driven voller；713rd, slag band is scraped；
714th, scum board；72nd, motor.
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1：A kind of food and drink automatic oil-separation deslagging device, as shown in figure 1, including L-shaped housing 1, in housing 1 by it is left extremely
The right side be sequentially provided with remove swill in sewage from catering business except grit chamber 2, only by the oil removal room 3 of aqueous phase in sewage from catering business, remove
The reservoir compartment 4 of the dregs of fat, the clean water chamber 5 of the treated sewage from catering business of concentration in sewage from catering business.
As shown in Fig. 2,3 and 4, except the top of grit chamber 2 is provided with sewage from catering business import 21, the lower section of import 21 is provided with slag remover 22,
Slag remover 22 includes the drive device 222 that slag-conveying machinery 221 and driving slag-conveying machinery 221 are operated.Slag-conveying machinery 221 includes first
The driven voller 2212 of drive roll 2211 and first, the first driven voller 2212 is arranged on the lower left of the second drive roll 711, the first drive roll
2211 are connected with the first driven voller 2212 with the rotation of the inwall of housing 1, are set between the first drive roll 2211 and the first driven voller 2212
There is grid conveyer belt 2213, the lower section of the first drive roll 2211 is provided with discharges scum pipe 23, row by waste residue on grid conveyer belt 2213
The one end of slag pipe 23 is communicated to outside housing 1 with being arranged on the lower section of the first drive roll 2211, the other end.
As shown in Figures 2 and 4, drive device 222 includes the reducing motor 2221 being arranged on housing 1, reducing motor 2221
Output shaft be provided with the first driving wheel 2222, the first drive roll 2211 be provided with the first driven pulley 2223, the first driving wheel
2222 and first are provided with the first transmission belt 2224 that both are connected between driven pulley 2223.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the height of oil removal room 3 is less than the height except grit chamber 2, except grit chamber 2 is by preceding oil baffle 31, setting
Rear oil baffle 32 on the right side of preceding oil baffle 31, the upper oil baffle 33 and shell being arranged between preceding oil baffle 31 and rear oil baffle 32
The inwall composition of body 1.Preceding oil baffle 31 and rear oil baffle 32 can only can not pass through oil removal room 3 by water, the dregs of fat.On oil removal room 3
Position close to its bottom surface is provided with discharge outlet 34.
As shown in figure 5, the top of oil removal room 3 is provided with Slag Scraping Device 7, Slag Scraping Device 7 includes slag-scraper 71 and driving slag-scraper
The motor 72 of 71 runnings.Slag-scraper 71 includes the second drive roll 711 and the second driven voller 712, the second drive roll 711 with
Provided with scraping slag band 713 between second driven voller 712, slag band 713 is scraped provided with scum board 714, and scum board 714 is by sewage from catering business table
The dregs of fat in face are constantly scraped into reservoir compartment 4, and water-oil separating is realized with this.
As shown in figure 1, being provided with groove between upper oil baffle 33 and rear oil baffle 32, reservoir compartment 4 is arranged in groove, store oil
The bottom surface of room 4 is provided with the oil exit pipe 41 for discharging the wherein dregs of fat, and the one end of oil exit pipe 41 is connected with reservoir compartment 4, and the other end is communicated to shell
Outside body 1.
As shown in figure 1, guiding gutter 6 is provided between oil removal room 3 and clean water chamber 5, the top surface open height of guiding gutter 6 and upper gear oil
Plate 33 is highly consistent.It is provided with the sewage pump 51 for discharging sewage in clean water chamber 5, sewage pump 51 and connects in clean water chamber 5
Blow-off pipe 52 is connected to, automatic coupling device 54 is provided between sewage pump 51 and blow-off pipe 52, blow-off pipe 52 passes through automatic coupling
Attach together and put 54 and connected with domestic sewerage systems, convenient maintenance and install.The left side of clean water chamber 5 is provided with overfall 53, and overfall 53 is high
Height of the degree higher than upper oil baffle 33.
As shown in figure 1, the of first access hole 11 of the top of housing 1 provided with correspondence slag remover 22, correspondence slag-scraper 71
3rd access hole 13 of two access holes 12, correspondence sewage pump 51.
Specific implementation process：Sewage from catering business enters except in grit chamber 2 from import 21, first falls on slag remover 22, slag remover 22
Swill in sewage from catering business is separated, and discharged by scum pipe 23；Sewage from catering business by slagging-off enters slagging-off
In room 2, the aqueous phase in sewage from catering business is entered in oil removal room 3 by preceding oil baffle 31, and enters guiding gutter 6 by rear oil baffle 32
In until rise to the open top of guiding gutter 6, enter back into clean water chamber 5；The dregs of fat in sewage from catering business can not pass through preceding oil baffle
31, as water level is raised, the height of oil baffle 33 is risen to, Slag Scraping Device 7 scrapes the dregs of fat into reservoir compartment 4, and from oil exit pipe 41
Discharge.Sewage pump 51 in clean water chamber 5 is by the sewage discharge through processing into domestic sewerage systems.Finally, remain in every
Grease chamber 3 and except the sewage in grit chamber 2 from the discharge of discharge outlet 34 completes whole work.
Embodiment 2：A kind of food and drink automatic oil-separation deslagging device, is with the difference of embodiment 1, such as the institutes of Fig. 6 and 7
Show, the bottom surface of reservoir compartment 4 is provided with the agitating device for being provided with dovetail groove 42, reservoir compartment 4 and being used for stirring the dregs of fat, prevent the dregs of fat from solidifying
43.Agitating device 43 includes setting between the drive disk 431 for being arranged on the top of reservoir compartment 4, the drive roll 711 of drive disk 431 and second
There is the second transmission belt 432, drive disk 431 is driven by the second transmission belt 432 and rotated.The lower section of drive disk 431, which is provided with, to be used to stir
The agitating shaft 433 of the dregs of fat, the surface of agitating shaft 433 is provided with the disintegrating slag tooth 434 for being used for blending the solidification dregs of fat.Agitating shaft 433 and driving
Driver plate 435 is provided between disk 431, the one end of driver plate 435 is hinged with the disc of drive disk 431, the other end and the direction of agitating shaft 433
One end of drive disk 431 is fixedly connected.
As shown in fig. 7, agitating shaft 433 is dorsad provided with jointed shaft 436, hinge between the one end of driver plate 435 and the side wall of reservoir compartment 4
The one end of spindle 436 rotates with agitating shaft 433 and is connected, and the other end and reservoir compartment 4 are side walls hinged.
Drive disk 431 drives rotation by the second transmission belt 432 by the second drive roll 711, and the drive disk 431 of rotation passes through
Driver plate 435 drives agitating shaft 433 to do circumference stirring movement, the dregs of fat of the chopping solidification of disintegrating slag tooth 434 on the surface of agitating shaft 433 and
Grease so that the dregs of fat in reservoir compartment 4 are easier discharge.
The above embodiments are only explanation of the invention, and it is not limitation of the present invention, people in the art
Member can make the modification without creative contribution to the present embodiment as needed after this specification is read, but as long as at this
All protected in the right of invention by Patent Law.