CN107204633A - A kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety - Google Patents

A kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107204633A
CN107204633A CN201710634634.6A CN201710634634A CN107204633A CN 107204633 A CN107204633 A CN 107204633A CN 201710634634 A CN201710634634 A CN 201710634634A CN 107204633 A CN107204633 A CN 107204633A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
photovoltaic
data
battery
control module
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Pending
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CN201710634634.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Hefei Sai Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Hefei Sai Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710634634.6A priority Critical patent/CN107204633A/en
Publication of CN107204633A publication Critical patent/CN107204633A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • H02J3/383
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/28Arrangements for balancing of the load in a network by storage of energy
    • H02J3/32Arrangements for balancing of the load in a network by storage of energy using batteries with converting means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/38Arrangements for parallely feeding a single network by two or more generators, converters or transformers
    • H02J3/388Islanding, i.e. disconnection of local power supply from the network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/00302Overcharge protection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/00304Overcurrent protection
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety, including main control module, photovoltaic module module, photovoltaic control module, inverter module, battery module, charge and discharge control module, data acquisition module, memory module, display alarm module, security protection module, wireless communication module, mobile control terminal.The efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention makes photovoltaic power generation technology can apply to most of families of China, stand-by power supply can be provided after power failure, electric energy needed for converting light energy into family life, on the one hand alleviates Pressure on Energy, reduces the effect that pollution has reached energy-conserving and environment-protective;Another aspect the system is simple in construction, and use is more accurate, high with stability, easy for installation, simple to operate, is particularly suitable for use in the daily power supply in rural of the region away from power network or ration the power supply area or scattered settlement.

Description

A kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety
Technical field
The present invention relates to photovoltaic application technical field, and in particular to a kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety.
Background technology
Solar energy is inexhaustible as a kind of new energy, simultaneously because solar energy is a kind of clean energy Source, when developing, will not produce waste residue, waste water, also waste gas, no noise, the ecological balance not interfered with more, can never Pollute and public hazards, therefore in the today for advocating environmental protection, widely favored by people.
Solar power generation is a kind of common Solar use mode, and existing solar power generation is all using large-scale hair Power station carries out solar power generation, and large-scale solar power plant is only applicable because its scale is big, cost is high, floor space is big Generated electricity in public electricity-using, and be not suitable for average family and use.And for average family, electricity charge spending also turns into wherein not Omissible part, for the family of part, even more becomes white elephant.Particularly some scarcely populated places, Because public resource is also less-developed, many all no public power facilities in place are powered, thus can not use at all TV, The modern populars such as washing machine, refrigerator, electric cooker, convenient household electrical appliance, significantly limit the raising of people's quality of life.Cause This, finds the regenerative resource that can be substituted, and reduces the consumption of conventional energy resource, becomes people and thirsts for solving and not yet obtaining always To the problem effectively solved.For above-mentioned deficiency, it is badly in need of a kind of electric power system of household electrical appliance, makes its with low cost, and just In carrying, easily carrying, to solve the life problem of above-mentioned people.
The application of another aspect off-network photovoltaic generating system, using charge and discharge cycles once a day if solar energy garden lamp Pattern, i.e. daytime are charged using solar energy to energy-storage battery, and realize illumination in the evening using energy-storage battery electric discharge.Due to this off-network All power consumptions of system are taken under energy-storage battery, this pattern of charge and discharge cycles once a day completely, every group of energy storage The average life of battery is comparatively very short, how to be effectively protected battery, prevents over-voltage and over-current phenomenon to the damage of battery Wound becomes issues that need special attention.In addition Electrical Safety is also the problem of increasingly attracting attention in recent years, how maximum can Can avoid because life property safety is damaged caused by electricity consumption is unexpected, be also now photovoltaic generating system need what is faced to ask Topic.
The content of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety, the off-network Photovoltaic generating system makes photovoltaic power generation technology can apply to most of families of China, and stand-by power supply can be provided after power failure, passes through light The electric energy that can be converted electric energy for needed for being provided family life, alleviates Pressure on Energy, reduces pollution and has reached energy-conserving and environment-protective Effect;Another aspect the system is simple in construction, and use is more accurate, high with stability, easy for installation, simple to operate, especially fits It is remotely located from the daily power supply in rural of the region of power network or ration the power supply area or scattered settlement;This external system energy real time remote is supervised Survey the relevant parameter of photovoltaic generation, at the same can automatic control and adjustment relevant parameter as needed, monitoring accurately sensitive efficiency high, Flexibly power consumption is few for control intelligence, with higher practical value and wide application prospect.
The present invention solves technical problem and adopted the following technical scheme that:
The invention provides a kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety, including:
Main control module, photovoltaic module module, photovoltaic control module, inverter module, battery module, charge and discharge control module, Data acquisition module, memory module, display alarm module, security protection module, wireless communication module, mobile control terminal;
The mobile control that the data and wireless communication module that the main control module is collected for processing data acquisition module are received The control signal that terminal processed is sent, and the signal sent according to the result after analyzing and processing or mobile control terminal is to photovoltaic control Molding block, battery module, charge and discharge control module, security protection module, memory module, display alarm module are sent accordingly Command signal;
The photovoltaic module module includes being installed on multiple photovoltaic generation subelements on roof, for receiving the light spoke in sunshine Penetrate energy and be converted into electric energy, sending into battery module by charge and discharge control module all the way by photovoltaic control module stores, Another road is converted into exchange electricity output by inverter module and used for household electrical appliance;
On the one hand the command signal that the photovoltaic control module is sent according to main control module adjusts each light in photovoltaic module module The current switching of generating subelement is lied prostrate, so as to adjust the generating power output of photovoltaic module;On the other hand power output is being sent Enter accumulators store and be converted into alternating current using carrying out reasonable distribution between two-way;
The inverter module is the DC conversion that sinewave inverter is used to input photovoltaic module or battery module To exchange electricity output, so that household electrical appliance are used;
The battery module includes batteries and charge protector, and the charge protector is connected with batteries, For protecting battery and carrying out intelligent charge to battery, it is to avoid overcurrent and overvoltage phenomenon, making for battery is effectively increased Use the life-span;
The command signal that the charge and discharge control module is sent according to main control module, on the one hand controls battery module is rational to exist Switched between charging and discharging, on the other hand the electric current of control output is used and changed by inverter directly feeding load Carried out and example distribution between using two-way for alternating current;
The data acquisition module includes battery data acquisition module, environmental data collecting module, load data acquisition module With photovoltaic generation data acquisition module;The battery data acquisition module is used for voltage, temperature, the electricity for gathering batteries And charged state data;The environmental data collecting module is used to gather sunlight irradiation degree, environment temperature and environmental wet Degrees of data;The load data acquisition module is used for the consumption energy data for gathering household electricity load;The photovoltaic generation number It is used for power output, output voltage and the output current data for gathering photovoltaic module according to acquisition module;
The memory module is used for the data that data storage acquisition module is gathered and the control program pre-set, for master control Module is called;
The display alarm module is used for real-time display environment data, battery data, load data, photovoltaic generation data letter Breath, different danger classes can be according to circumstances divided into when data exceed predetermined threshold, and send corresponding alarm the tinkle of bells;
When the security protection module is used for the instruction sent according to main control module or load data generation exception more than threshold value, The electric current output of electricity generation system is disconnected in time, has reached that protection household electrical appliance are without prejudice and prevent the work of personal safety accident With;
The wireless communication module is used to send the associated parameter data of acquisition process to mobile control terminal or receive to move The command information of control terminal sends into main control module to call;
The mobile control terminal is used for the related data that real-time reception wireless communication module is sent, and can be according to being manually set ring Border parameter returns to wireless communication module feeding main control module and handled.
Preferably, the main control module is one kind in FPGA microprocessors, DSP microprocessors, ARM microprocessor.
Preferably, the photovoltaic generation subelement is one in thin-film solar cell plate or polysilicon solar cell plate Kind.
Preferably, the mobile control terminal includes intelligent movable equipment and the photovoltaic generating system in equipment APP modules;
The intelligent movable equipment is one kind in Intelligent bracelet, smart mobile phone, tablet personal computer.
Preferably, the battery data acquisition module includes voltage sampling circuit, temperature sensor, battery capacity sampling Circuit, charged state observation circuit;The environmental data collecting module includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor, illuminance and passed Sensor;The load data acquisition module includes power samples circuit, power consumption observation circuit;The photovoltaic generation data are adopted Collecting module includes power samples circuit, voltage sampling circuit, current sampling circuit.
Preferably, the memory module includes ram module, SD card module, usb interface module, described to deposit at random Memory modules are used for main control module with the use of to increase the speed of internal memory and data processing, and the SD card module is used to grow The various data of time storage collection, the convenient export replicate data of the usb interface module.
Preferably, the display alarm module includes LED electronic displays, voice broadcast module, alarm lamp and alarm Calling set.
Preferably, the wireless communication module is WIFI communication modules.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1)The photovoltaic module module that the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention is used uses multiple photovoltaic generations Subelement, the electric current of photovoltaic module is confluxed, the flow direction for the electric current that confluxed by the control of photovoltaic control module, and conflux electric current one Aspect is converted to alternating current for household electric appliance operation electric current by inverter, and the unnecessary electric energy that another aspect photovoltaic generation is produced leads to Charge and discharge control modular device is crossed to be stored in battery, under conditions of no light, charge and discharge control module control battery There is provided used to household electrical appliance for electric discharge;The photovoltaic control module that another aspect system is used, can send according to main control module The current switching of each photovoltaic generation subelement in command signal regulation photovoltaic module module, so as to adjust the generating of photovoltaic module Power output, can farthest improve the efficiency of photovoltaic generation, while protecting the stable continuation of system power.
(2)The present invention the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety main control module employ FPGA microprocessors, One kind in DSP microprocessors, ARM microprocessor, its power consumption is smaller, reliability is higher, programming is simple, efficiency is higher, valency Lattice are relatively low, data processing speed is very fast, can effectively improve sensitivity and the reliability of managing and control system, and the energy consumption of reduction is saved Resource.
(3)Charge protector and batteries are employed in the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention Connection, when battery module voltage is relatively low, charges, with the continuous increasing of battery module voltage under the maximum current of setting Plus, charging current reduces therewith, and most battery module is constant on the magnitude of voltage of a setting at last, carries out floating charge, it is to avoid super Go out the capacity of battery module or occur empty full, it is to avoid overcurrent and overvoltage phenomenon, can farthest protect battery, Resource has been saved, energy consumption has been reduced, extends the service life of battery.
(4)The display alarm module used in the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention includes LED electricity Sub- display screen, voice broadcast module, alarm lamp and acoustic alarm, can make staff intuitively grasp photovoltaic generation System parameter message and humiture information, warning system can timely and effectively cause the attention of external staff, and can be according to danger Dangerous grade carries out voice broadcast and alarm of blowing a whistle, and substantially increases the efficiency of whole managing and control system.
(5)The security protection module used in the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention can be in load Timely automated turn-off current output, farthest protects personal safety as well as the property safety when generation is abnormal or artificially needs.
(6)The wireless communication module that the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention is used employs WIFI moulds Block, can be communicated with mobile control terminal, photovoltaic generating system relevant parameter information transmission is controlled to mobile in real time Terminal, while the control signal of mobile control terminal can also be received, substantially increases the efficiency of the system of invention.
Brief description of the drawings
By reading the detailed description made with reference to the following drawings to non-limiting example, further feature of the invention, Objects and advantages will become more apparent upon:
Fig. 1 is the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system schematic diagram of a kind of domestic safety of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of data acquisition module schematic diagram of the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1-2, the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of a kind of domestic safety of the present embodiment, including
Main control module 1, photovoltaic module module 2, photovoltaic control module 3, inverter module 4, battery module 5, charge and discharge control Module 6, data acquisition module 7, memory module 8, display alarm module 9, security protection module 10, wireless communication module 11, shifting Dynamic control terminal 12;
The shifting that the data and wireless communication module 11 that the main control module 1 is collected for processing data acquisition module 7 are received The control signal that dynamic control terminal 12 is sent, and the signal sent according to the result after analyzing and processing or mobile control terminal 12 To photovoltaic control module 3, battery module 5, charge and discharge control module 6, security protection module 10, memory module 8, display alarm Module 9 sends corresponding command signal;
The photovoltaic module module 2 includes being installed on multiple photovoltaic generation subelements on roof, for receiving the light in sunshine Emittance is simultaneously converted into electric energy, and battery module 5 is sent into by charge and discharge control module 6 by the tunnel of photovoltaic control module 3 one Storage, another road is converted into exchange electricity output by inverter module 4 and used for household electrical appliance;
On the one hand the command signal that the photovoltaic control module 3 is sent according to main control module 1 adjusts each in photovoltaic module module 2 The current switching of photovoltaic generation subelement, so as to adjust the generating power output of photovoltaic module;On the other hand power output is existed Feeding accumulators store and alternating current is converted into using carrying out reasonable distribution between two-way;
The inverter module 4 is that the direct current that sinewave inverter is used to input photovoltaic module or battery module 5 turns Exchange electricity output is turned to, so that household electrical appliance are used;
The battery module 5 includes batteries and charge protector 6, and the charge protector 6 connects with batteries Connect, for protecting battery and carrying out intelligent charge to battery, it is to avoid overcurrent and overvoltage phenomenon, effectively increase battery Service life;
The command signal that the charge and discharge control module 6 is sent according to main control module 1, on the one hand control battery module 5 is reasonable Switched between charging and discharging, on the other hand the electric current of control output is used and by inverter directly feeding load Alternating current is converted to distribute using progress between two-way and example;
The data acquisition module 7 includes battery data acquisition module 71, environmental data collecting module 72, load data collection Module 73 and photovoltaic generation data acquisition module 74;The battery data acquisition module 71 is used for the electricity for gathering batteries Pressure, temperature, electricity and charged state data;The environmental data collecting module 72 is used to gather sunlight irradiation degree, environment Temperature and ambient humidity data;The load data acquisition module 73 is used for the consumption electric energy number for gathering household electricity load According to;The photovoltaic generation data acquisition module 74 is used for power output, output voltage and the output current for gathering photovoltaic module Data;
The memory module 8 is used for the data that data storage acquisition module 7 is gathered and the control program pre-set, for master Control module 1 is called;
The display alarm module 9 is used for real-time display environment data, battery data, load data, photovoltaic generation data letter Breath, different danger classes can be according to circumstances divided into when data exceed predetermined threshold, and send corresponding alarm the tinkle of bells;
The security protection module 10 is used for the instruction sent according to main control module 1 or load data occurs exception and exceedes threshold value When, the electric current output of electricity generation system is disconnected in time, has been reached that protection household electrical appliance are without prejudice and has been prevented personal safety accident Effect;
The wireless communication module 11 is used for associated parameter data or the reception that acquisition process is sent to mobile control terminal 12 The command information of mobile control terminal 12 sends into main control module 1 to call.
The mobile control terminal 12 is used for the related data that real-time reception wireless communication module 11 is sent, and can be according to people The feeding main control module of wireless communication module 11 is returned to for set environment parameter to be handled;
Main control module 1 is FPGA microprocessors in the present embodiment.
Photovoltaic generation subelement is thin-film solar cell plate in the present embodiment.
Mobile control terminal 12 includes intelligent movable equipment and the photovoltaic generating system in equipment in the present embodiment APP modules;
The intelligent movable equipment is smart mobile phone.
Battery data acquisition module 71 is adopted including voltage sampling circuit, temperature sensor, battery capacity in the present embodiment Sample circuit, charged state observation circuit;The environmental data collecting module 72 includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor, illumination Spend sensor;The load data acquisition module 73 includes power samples circuit, power consumption observation circuit;The photovoltaic generation Data acquisition module 74 includes power samples circuit, voltage sampling circuit, current sampling circuit.
Memory module includes ram module, SD card module, usb interface module in the present embodiment, described to deposit at random Memory modules are used for main control module with the use of to increase the speed of internal memory and data processing, and the SD card module is used to grow The various data of time storage collection, the convenient export replicate data of the usb interface module.
Display alarm module 9 includes LED electronic displays, voice broadcast module, alarm lamp and alarm in the present embodiment Calling set.
Wireless communication module 11 is WIFI communication modules in the present embodiment.
It is big that a kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety of the present invention makes photovoltaic power generation technology can apply to China Most families, can provide stand-by power supply after power failure, convert light energy into electric energy needed for family life, on the one hand alleviate energy pressure Power, reduces the effect that pollution has reached energy-conserving and environment-protective;Another aspect the system is simple in construction, and use is more accurate, with stable Property it is high, it is easy for installation, it is simple to operate, be particularly suitable for use in the region away from power network or ration the power supply area or the rural of scattered settlement Daily power supply.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It may be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety, it is characterised in that including main control module, photovoltaic module module, Photovoltaic control module, inverter module, battery module, charge and discharge control module, data acquisition module, memory module, display Alarm module, security protection module, wireless communication module, mobile control terminal;
The mobile control that the data and wireless communication module that the main control module is collected for processing data acquisition module are received The control signal that terminal processed is sent, and the signal sent according to the result after analyzing and processing or mobile control terminal, to photovoltaic Control module, battery module, charge and discharge control module, security protection module, memory module, display alarm module are sent accordingly Command signal;
The photovoltaic module module includes being installed on multiple photovoltaic generation subelements on roof, for receiving the light spoke in sunshine Penetrate energy and be converted into electric energy, sending into battery module by charge and discharge control module all the way by photovoltaic control module stores, Another road is converted into exchange electricity output by inverter module and used for household electrical appliance;
On the one hand the command signal that the photovoltaic control module is sent according to main control module adjusts each light in photovoltaic module module The current switching of generating subelement is lied prostrate, so as to adjust the generating power output of photovoltaic module;On the other hand power output is being sent Enter accumulators store and be converted into alternating current using carrying out reasonable distribution between two-way;
The inverter module is the DC conversion that sinewave inverter is used to input photovoltaic module or battery module To exchange electricity output, so that household electrical appliance are used;
The battery module includes batteries and charge protector, and the charge protector is connected with batteries, For protecting battery and carrying out intelligent charge to battery, it is to avoid overcurrent and overvoltage phenomenon, making for battery is effectively increased Use the life-span;
The command signal that the charge and discharge control module is sent according to main control module, on the one hand controls battery module is rational to exist Switched between charging and discharging, on the other hand the electric current of control output is used and changed by inverter directly feeding load Carried out and example distribution between using two-way for alternating current;
The data acquisition module includes battery data acquisition module, environmental data collecting module, load data acquisition module With photovoltaic generation data acquisition module;The battery data acquisition module is used for voltage, temperature, the electricity for gathering batteries And charged state data;The environmental data collecting module is used to gather sunlight irradiation degree, environment temperature and environmental wet Degrees of data;The load data acquisition module is used for the consumption energy data for gathering household electricity load;The photovoltaic generation number It is used for power output, output voltage and the output current data for gathering photovoltaic module according to acquisition module;
The memory module is used for the data that data storage acquisition module is gathered and the control program pre-set, for master control Module is called;
The display alarm module is used for real-time display environment data, battery data, load data, photovoltaic generation data letter Breath, different danger classes can be according to circumstances divided into when data exceed predetermined threshold, and send corresponding alarm the tinkle of bells;
When the security protection module is used for the instruction sent according to main control module or load data generation exception more than threshold value, The electric current output of electricity generation system is disconnected in time, has reached that protection household electrical appliance are without prejudice and prevent the work of personal safety accident With;
The wireless communication module is used to send the associated parameter data of acquisition process to mobile control terminal or receive to move The command information of control terminal sends into main control module to call;
The mobile control terminal is used for the related data that real-time reception wireless communication module is sent, and can be according to being manually set ring Border parameter returns to wireless communication module feeding main control module and handled.
2. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the main control module For one kind in FPGA microprocessors, DSP microprocessors, ARM microprocessor.
3. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the photovoltaic generation Subelement is one kind in thin-film solar cell plate or polysilicon solar cell plate.
4. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mobile control Terminal includes intelligent movable equipment and the photovoltaic generating system APP modules in equipment;The intelligent movable equipment is intelligence One kind in energy bracelet, smart mobile phone, tablet personal computer.
5. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the battery number Include voltage sampling circuit, temperature sensor, battery capacity sample circuit, charged state observation circuit according to acquisition module;It is described Environmental data collecting module includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor, illuminance sensor;The load data acquisition module bag Include power samples circuit, power consumption observation circuit;The photovoltaic generation data acquisition module includes power samples circuit, voltage Sample circuit, current sampling circuit.
6. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the memory module Including ram module, SD card module, usb interface module, the ram module is used to match somebody with somebody with main control module Close using to increase the speed of internal memory and data processing, the SD card module is used for the various data for storing collection for a long time, institute State the convenient export replicate data of usb interface module.
7. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the display alarm Module includes LED electronic displays, voice broadcast module, alarm lamp and acoustic alarm.
8. the efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the radio communication Module is WIFI communication modules.
CN201710634634.6A 2017-07-29 2017-07-29 A kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety Pending CN107204633A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108494082A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-04 中国矿业大学 A kind of jacking membrane structure integrated photovoltaic system
CN109103922A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-28 易事特新能源合肥有限公司 A kind of off-network photovoltaic generating system
TWI737547B (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-08-21 力瑪科技股份有限公司 Solar DC feeder disaster prevention system

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CN104184394A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-12-03 佛山职业技术学院 Household off-grid photovoltaic power generation system
CN107154774A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-12 合肥华盖光伏科技有限公司 A kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety

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CN104184394A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-12-03 佛山职业技术学院 Household off-grid photovoltaic power generation system
CN107154774A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-12 合肥华盖光伏科技有限公司 A kind of efficient off-network photovoltaic generating system of domestic safety

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108494082A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-04 中国矿业大学 A kind of jacking membrane structure integrated photovoltaic system
CN109103922A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-28 易事特新能源合肥有限公司 A kind of off-network photovoltaic generating system
TWI737547B (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-08-21 力瑪科技股份有限公司 Solar DC feeder disaster prevention system

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