CN107158897A - A kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function - Google Patents

A kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107158897A
CN107158897A CN201710395543.1A CN201710395543A CN107158897A CN 107158897 A CN107158897 A CN 107158897A CN 201710395543 A CN201710395543 A CN 201710395543A CN 107158897 A CN107158897 A CN 107158897A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pernicious gas
gas
absorption
dehumidification function
liquid
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710395543.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯长华
Original Assignee
佛山市三水万瑞达环保科技有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 佛山市三水万瑞达环保科技有限公司 filed Critical 佛山市三水万瑞达环保科技有限公司
Priority to CN201710395543.1A priority Critical patent/CN107158897A/en
Publication of CN107158897A publication Critical patent/CN107158897A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/1456Removing acid components
    • B01D53/1468Removing hydrogen sulfide
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/1487Removing organic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/18Absorbing units; Liquid distributors therefor
    • B01D53/185Liquid distributors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/26Drying gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2253/00Adsorbents used in seperation treatment of gases and vapours
    • B01D2253/10Inorganic adsorbents
    • B01D2253/102Carbon
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2253/00Adsorbents used in seperation treatment of gases and vapours
    • B01D2253/10Inorganic adsorbents
    • B01D2253/106Silica or silicates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/40Nitrogen compounds
    • B01D2257/406Ammonia
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/80Water

Abstract

Present invention also offers a kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function, including:Air inlet and exhaust outlet, for guiding pernicious gas inlet and outlet respectively;Degasification inner chamber, its one end is connected with air inlet, and the other end is connected with exhaust outlet;Liquid spraying device, it is arranged in degasification inner chamber, and for spraying gas absorption liquid, the material of gas absorption liquid is selected to absorb pernicious gas;Solid absorption device, it is arranged in degasification inner chamber and close to liquid spraying device, for receiving the pernicious gas after adsorbing via gas absorption liquid, and provides at least one solid absorbent to absorb pernicious gas;And drying device, it is arranged in degasification inner chamber and close to solid absorption device, for removing the vapor in the gas after being adsorbed via solid absorption device.The solution of the present invention so that after liquid spraying device adsorbs a pernicious gas, further adsorbed by the solid absorption device so that pernicious gas can be efficiently removed.

Description

A kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function

Technical field

The present invention relates to Air Pollution Control and environmental protection technical field, more particularly to one kind removed from air-flow alcohol, The volatile organic matters such as amine, acyl group thing, ketone, aldehyde and ester, the pernicious gas with dehumidification function of the inorganic matter such as hydrogen sulfide and ammonia Removal device.

Background technology

The various pernicious gases containing volatile organic matter such as alcohol, amine, acyl group thing, ketone, aldehyde and ester etc., result from chemistry, system The various production processes such as medicine, printing and spraying, the pernicious gas of the inorganic matter such as sulfide hydrogen and ammonia results from Chemical Manufacture, given up The processes such as water Anaerobic Treatment.These pollutants are not only harmful to human body, and a large amount of discharges also generate serious shadow to atmospheric environment Ring.But it is due to these gases or relatively stablizes with chemical constitution, the characteristics of not degradable, or threshold value is relatively low, to purified treatment Bring very big difficulty.

Absorption process is to remove one of main method of these pernicious gases, and investment and operating cost are low, but the master of the method It is absorbing liquid finite capacity to want problem, and the further processing cost of the absorbing liquid after absorption is high.Combustion method to service condition requirement compared with Height, general to require to run at high temperature, investment and running cost expense are high.Active carbon adsorption is imitated to the pollutant removing of low concentration Rate is higher, but adsorbent reactivation and aftertreatment systems are complicated, and has inflammable and explosive danger.Therefore, have for different Evil gas finds high, the reliable and simple to operate treatment technology of removal efficiency, is that related industrial process is badly in need of asking for solution Topic.

The content of the invention

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, dress is removed present invention also offers a kind of pernicious gas with dehumidification function Put, including:

Air inlet and exhaust outlet, for guiding the pernicious gas inlet and outlet respectively;

Degasification inner chamber, its one end is connected with the air inlet, and the other end is connected with the exhaust outlet;

Liquid spraying device, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber, for spraying gas absorption liquid, the gas absorption liquid Material be selected to absorb pernicious gas;

Solid absorption device, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber and close to the liquid spraying device, for receiving warp Pernicious gas after gas absorption liquid absorption, and provide at least one solid absorbent to absorb the pernicious gas; With

Drying device, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber and close to the solid absorption device, for removing via institute State the vapor in the gas after the absorption of solid absorption device.

Further, the liquid spraying device includes:

Nozzle, for gas absorption liquid to be sprayed via the nozzle;

Spray chamber, it is connected with the air inlet;With

Cyclone, it is arranged in the spray chamber, and is constructed to be permeable to produce whirlwind in the spray chamber, to cause The gas absorption liquid sprayed via the nozzle produces eddy flow in the spray chamber, to cause pernicious gas and the gas Adsorption liquid is sufficiently mixed.

Further, the liquid spraying device bottom is provided with U-shaped liquid sealing pipe.

Further, the solid absorption device includes:

Active carbon layer, for providing activated carbon to adsorb the pernicious gas;With

Diatomite layer, for providing diatomite with adsorb via the activated carbon remove after the pernicious gas.

Further, the active carbon layer is close to the liquid spraying device.

Further, the drying device includes:

First drying layer;With

Second drying layer, second drying layer is positioned next to first drying layer.

Further, first drying layer and second drying layer are used to provide drier to remove via described solid The vapor in gas after the absorption of body adsorbent equipment.

Further, the pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function also includes:

Gas sensor, it is arranged on the downstream of the humidification device, for detecting the gas discharged by humidification device Pernicious gas composition.

Further, the pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function also includes:

Alarm;With

Controller, for the ratio of the pernicious gas composition to be contrasted with default harmful gas component ratio, when When the ratio of the pernicious gas composition is more than default harmful gas component ratio, then reported by the alarm It is alert.

The solution of the present invention, due to being provided with liquid spraying device and solid absorption device so that in liquid spraying device Adsorb after a pernicious gas, further adsorbed by the solid absorption device so that pernicious gas can effectively be gone Remove.Solid absorption device has double-deck adsorption function, and activated carbon and diatomite can be adsorbed to different pernicious gases, The function of thorough absorption is reached., can be right further, since being also provided with functions/drying so that after pernicious gas is removed Gas is dried.In addition, the solution of the present invention, due to alarm so that activated carbon or diatomite can be changed in time.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the pernicious gas removal device according to an embodiment of the invention with dehumidification function Figure.

Embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments.

Fig. 1 shows the knot of the pernicious gas removal device 100 according to an embodiment of the invention with dehumidification function Structure schematic diagram.As shown in figure 1, the invention provides a kind of pernicious gas removal device 100 with dehumidification function, including:

Air inlet 120 and exhaust outlet 130, for guiding the pernicious gas inlet and outlet respectively;

Degasification inner chamber 110, its one end is connected with the air inlet 120, and the other end is connected with the exhaust outlet 130;

Liquid spraying device 140, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber 110, for spraying gas absorption liquid, the gas The material of adsorption liquid is selected to absorb pernicious gas;With

Solid absorption device 150, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber 110 and close to the liquid spraying device 140, used In receiving the pernicious gas after being adsorbed via the gas absorption liquid, and at least one solid absorbent is provided described had to absorb Evil gas;

Drying device 160, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber 110 and close to the solid absorption device 150, for going Except via the vapor in the gas after the solid absorption device 150 absorption.

Wherein, the liquid spraying device 140 includes:

First jet 141, for gas absorption liquid to be sprayed via the first jet 141;

Spray chamber 142, it is connected with the air inlet 120;With

First cyclone, it is arranged in the spray chamber 142, and is constructed to be permeable to produce in the spray chamber 142 Whirlwind, to cause the gas absorption liquid sprayed via the first jet 141 to produce eddy flow in the spray chamber 142, so that Pernicious gas is obtained to be sufficiently mixed with the gas absorption liquid.

Wherein, the bottom of liquid spraying device 140 is provided with the first U-shaped liquid sealing pipe.

Wherein, the solid absorption device 150 includes:

Active carbon layer 151, for providing activated carbon to adsorb the pernicious gas;With

Diatomite layer 152, for providing diatomite with adsorb via the activated carbon remove after the pernicious gas.

Wherein, the active carbon layer 151 is close to the liquid spraying device 140.

Wherein, the drying device 160 includes:

First drying layer 161;With

Second drying layer 162, second drying layer 162 is positioned next to first drying layer 161.

Wherein, first drying layer 161 and second drying layer 162 are used to provide drier to remove via described The vapor in gas after the absorption of solid absorption device 150.

Wherein, the pernicious gas removal device 100 with dehumidification function also includes:

Gas sensor, it is arranged on the downstream of the humidification device, for detecting by humidification device row wherein, the tool The pernicious gas removal device 100 for having dehumidification function also includes:

Alarm 170;With

Controller, for the ratio of the pernicious gas composition to be contrasted with default harmful gas component ratio, when When the ratio of the pernicious gas composition is more than default harmful gas component ratio, then carried out by the alarm 170 Alarm.

The solution of the present invention, due to being provided with liquid spraying device 140 and solid absorption device 150 so that in liquid spray Shower device 140 is adsorbed after a pernicious gas, is further adsorbed by the solid absorption device 150 so that pernicious gas It can be efficiently removed.Solid absorption device 150 has double-deck adsorption function, and activated carbon and diatomite can have to difference Evil gas is adsorbed, and has reached the function of thorough absorption.Further, since being also provided with functions/drying so that in pernicious gas After being removed, gas can be dried.In addition, the solution of the present invention, due to alarm 170 so that can be timely Change activated carbon or diatomite.

Position relationship is used for being given for example only property explanation described in accompanying drawing, it is impossible to be interpreted as the limitation to this patent, shows So, the above embodiment of the present invention is only intended to clearly illustrate example of the present invention, and is not the reality to the present invention Apply the restriction of mode.For those of ordinary skill in the field, it can also make other on the basis of the above description Various forms of changes or variation.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.All spirit in the present invention With any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within principle etc., it should be included in the protection domain of the claims in the present invention Within.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that including:
Air inlet and exhaust outlet, for guiding the pernicious gas inlet and outlet respectively;
Degasification inner chamber, its one end is connected with the air inlet, and the other end is connected with the exhaust outlet;
Liquid spraying device, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber, for spraying gas absorption liquid, the material of the gas absorption liquid Material is selected to absorb pernicious gas;
Solid absorption device, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber and close to the liquid spraying device, for receiving via institute The pernicious gas after the absorption of gas absorption liquid is stated, and provides at least one solid absorbent to absorb the pernicious gas;With
Drying device, it is arranged in the degasification inner chamber and close to the solid absorption device, for removing via described solid The vapor in gas after the absorption of body adsorbent equipment.
2. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 1 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that the liquid spray Shower device includes:
Nozzle, for gas absorption liquid to be sprayed via the nozzle;
Spray chamber, it is connected with the air inlet;With
Cyclone, it is arranged in the spray chamber, and be constructed to be permeable to the spray chamber produce whirlwind, with cause via The gas absorption liquid that the nozzle sprays produces eddy flow in the spray chamber, to cause pernicious gas and the gas absorption Liquid is sufficiently mixed.
3. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 2 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that the liquid spray Shower device bottom is provided with U-shaped liquid sealing pipe.
4. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 2 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that the solid is inhaled Adsorption device includes:
Active carbon layer, for providing activated carbon to adsorb the pernicious gas;With
Diatomite layer, for providing diatomite with adsorb via the activated carbon remove after the pernicious gas.
5. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 4 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that the activated carbon Layer is close to the liquid spraying device.
6. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 5 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that the dry dress Put including:
First drying layer and the second drying layer, second drying layer are positioned next to first drying layer.
7. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 6 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that described first is dry Dry layer and second drying layer are used to provide drier to remove in the gas after adsorbing via the solid absorption device Vapor.
8. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 7 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that also include:
Gas sensor, it is arranged on the downstream of the humidification device, for detecting the harmful of the gas discharged by humidification device Gas componant.
9. the pernicious gas removal device according to claim 8 with dehumidification function, it is characterised in that also include:
Alarm and controller, the controller are used for the ratio of the pernicious gas composition and default harmful gas componant ratio Example is contrasted, when the ratio of the pernicious gas composition is more than default harmful gas component ratio, then by described Alarm is alarmed.
CN201710395543.1A 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 A kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function CN107158897A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201710395543.1A CN107158897A (en) 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 A kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710395543.1A CN107158897A (en) 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 A kind of pernicious gas removal device with dehumidification function

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CN107158897A true CN107158897A (en) 2017-09-15

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104826441A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-12 苏州达泰佳机械科技有限公司 Efficient air purifying device
CN204799070U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-11-25 河北艾因固特环保机械设备有限公司 Organic waste gas adsorption tower
CN205164401U (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-04-20 新昌县澄潭镇博纳机械厂 Novel environmental protection natural gas filtration purification device
CN205392101U (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-27 哈尔滨理工大学 Chemical engineering exhaust gas purifies absorbing device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104826441A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-08-12 苏州达泰佳机械科技有限公司 Efficient air purifying device
CN204799070U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-11-25 河北艾因固特环保机械设备有限公司 Organic waste gas adsorption tower
CN205164401U (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-04-20 新昌县澄潭镇博纳机械厂 Novel environmental protection natural gas filtration purification device
CN205392101U (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-27 哈尔滨理工大学 Chemical engineering exhaust gas purifies absorbing device

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
中国环境科学学会: "《中国环境科学学会学术年会优秀论文集2006下卷》", 31 December 2006, 中国环境科学出版社 *
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Application publication date: 20170915