CN107139516A - A kind of modular punching machine unit head - Google Patents

A kind of modular punching machine unit head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107139516A
CN107139516A CN201710470548.6A CN201710470548A CN107139516A CN 107139516 A CN107139516 A CN 107139516A CN 201710470548 A CN201710470548 A CN 201710470548A CN 107139516 A CN107139516 A CN 107139516A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding block
gear
box
eccentric shaft
punching machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710470548.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107139516B (en
Inventor
赵升吨
高家明
李靖祥
范淑琴
李帅鹏
李波
王琪
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Xi an Jiaotong University
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Xi an Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201710470548.6A priority Critical patent/CN107139516B/en
Publication of CN107139516A publication Critical patent/CN107139516A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107139516B publication Critical patent/CN107139516B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B1/00Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen
    • B30B1/24Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by rack-and-pinion means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/0029Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing means for adjusting the space between the press slide and the press table, i.e. the shut height
    • B30B15/0035Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing means for adjusting the space between the press slide and the press table, i.e. the shut height using an adjustable connection between the press drive means and the press slide

Abstract

A kind of modular punching machine unit head, including eccentric shaft, the first sliding block is provided with by sliding bearing on the eccentric neck of eccentric shaft, the two ends of eccentric shaft are arranged on upper box, the big end of eccentric shaft is connected with the endoporus of pneumatic clutch brake assembly, the right-hand member of pneumatic clutch brake assembly is fixedly connected with first gear, and eccentric shaft is engaged by gear and the output of jackshaft is connected, the power input of jackshaft and the output shaft fixed connection of main motor;The bottom of first sliding block is provided with self-lubricating plate, self-lubricating plate and the T-slot on the second sliding block top are slidably connected, the guide cylinder face of second sliding block coordinates with the guide copper sleeve on lower box, second sliding block is connected with worm gear, worm screw and the output shaft fixed connection of regulation motor, the bottom of second sliding block is connected by internal thread with the external screw thread on the 3rd sliding block top, and the bottom of the 3rd sliding block is provided with the dovetail groove for installing tup, and the present invention has the advantages that compact conformation, highly versatile.

Description

A kind of modular punching machine unit head
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of forging equipment, and in particular to a kind of modular punching machine unit head.
Background technology
With the development of forging industry, design, the manufacture demand of punching machine constantly increase.Traditional mechanical pressure Machine is generally using slider-crank mechanism as operating mechanism, and belt transmission gear drive constitutes transmission system, by adjusting connecting rod Length adjusts height of packing compact.Traditional punching machine has the following disadvantages:
(1) transmission system and operating mechanism's size are big, and equipment volume is big, it is impossible to be integrated into the modular power of small size Head;
(2) traditional punching machine generally has similar power drive system and operating mechanism, but during design still Design iterations so are needed, cause design efforts would big, the R&D cycle is long, and interchangeablity is poor, processing and manufacturing cost is high, dimension Repair workload big.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of modular mechanical pressure is motor-driven Power head, has the advantages that compact conformation, highly versatile.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
Pass through sliding bearing on a kind of modular punching machine unit head, including eccentric shaft 3, the eccentric neck of eccentric shaft 3 First sliding block 4 is installed, the small end support neck of eccentric shaft 3 is arranged on upper box 1 by journal bearings 2, eccentric shaft 3 Big end support neck is connected by journal bearings 2 with big end axle sleeve 5, and big end axle sleeve 5 is arranged on upper box 1, eccentric shaft 3 Big end is connected with the endoporus of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28, left end and the upper box 1 of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28 It is fixedly connected, the right-hand member of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28 is fixedly connected with first gear 6, and first gear 6 passes through sliding axle Hold on the big end for being supported on eccentric shaft 3, first gear 6 is engaged with second gear 7, second gear 7 is arranged on jackshaft 8, in Countershaft 8 is arranged on bearing block 10 by midship shaft bearing 9, and bearing block 10 is fixed on upper box 1, the other end of jackshaft 8 3rd gear 11 is installed, the 3rd gear 11 is engaged with the 4th gear 12, after big belt wheel 13 is fixedly connected with the 4th gear 12 By little-end bearing 14 be arranged on eccentric shaft 3 small end on, big belt wheel 13 is connected by belt with small pulley 26, small pulley 26 and The output shaft fixed connection of main motor 27;
The bottom of first sliding block 4 is provided with self-lubricating plate 15, and the T-slot on the top of 15 and second sliding block of self-lubricating plate 16 is slided Connection, the guide cylinder face of the second sliding block 16 coordinates with the guide copper sleeve on lower box 17, lower box 17 and upper box 1 It is fixedly connected, the second sliding block 16 is connected with worm gear 19, worm gear 19 fixes axial location, worm gear 19 and worm screw 20 by stop sleeve 22 Worm-drive, worm screw 20 and the output shaft fixed connection of regulation motor 21 are formed, regulation motor 21 is arranged on lower box 17, second slides The bottom of block 16 is connected by internal thread with the external screw thread on the top of the 3rd sliding block 24, the guiding circular arc face a of the bottom of the 3rd sliding block 24 With on lower box 17 guide copper sleeve coordinate, spacing plane b and the rotational restraint plate 25 of the bottom of the 3rd sliding block 24 coordinate, The bottom of three sliding blocks 24 is provided with the dovetail groove for installing tup.
A kind of modular punching machine unit head and corresponding frame in combination, can quickly complete mechanical pressure Machine is designed, and is combined from individual module formula punching machine unit head I with single-point single action press frame II, is just constituted single-point Single action straight side press;From the first modular punching machine unit head III and the second modular punching machine unit head IV, two modular punching machine unit heads are mounted side by side in two point single action press frame V, just constitute two point list Motor press.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) simplify transmission system, using double-slider mechanism and worm and gear adjusting means, reduce equipment size, formed Modular punching machine unit head;
(2) functional module formula unit head has versatility, directly chooses the unit head for meeting parameter request as power source, Design corresponding frame, you can complete punching machine design, design work can be greatly simplified, shorten the R&D cycle, meanwhile, The part similarity of the functional module formula unit head of different size is high, interchangeability is good, can reduce processing and manufacturing cost, reduction is set The workload of standby maintenance;
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional appearance schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the first sliding block 4.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the second sliding block 16.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the 3rd sliding block 24.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the one-point single action straight side press using unit head of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the two-point single action straight side press using unit head of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Reference picture 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, a kind of modular punching machine unit head, including eccentric shaft 3, it is eccentric First sliding block 4 is provided with by sliding bearing on the eccentric neck of axle 3, the small end support neck of eccentric shaft 3 passes through journal bearings 2 On upper box 1, the big end support neck of eccentric shaft 3 is connected by journal bearings 2 with big end axle sleeve 5, big end axle sleeve 5 On upper box 1, the big end of eccentric shaft 3 is connected by key with the endoporus of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28, it is pneumatic from The left end of clutch brake assembly 28 is fixedly connected with upper box 1, the right-hand member of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28 and the first tooth Wheel 6 is fixedly connected, and first gear 6 is supported on the big end of eccentric shaft 3 by sliding bearing, and first gear 6 is nibbled with second gear 7 Close, second gear 7 is arranged on jackshaft 8, jackshaft 8 is arranged on bearing block 10 by midship shaft bearing 9, bearing block 10 leads to Cross and be bolted on upper box 1, the other end of jackshaft 8 is provided with the 3rd gear 11, the 3rd gear 11 and the 4th gear 12 Engagement, big belt wheel 13 is arranged on the small end of eccentric shaft 3 after being fixedly connected with the 4th gear 12 by little-end bearing 14, big band Wheel 13 is connected by belt with small pulley 26, the output shaft fixed connection of small pulley 26 and main motor 27, and main motor 27 is according to design Forcing press requirement is fixed on the correct position of integral-rack;
The bottom of first sliding block 4 is provided with self-lubricating plate 15, and the T-slot on the top of 15 and second sliding block of self-lubricating plate 16 is slided Connection, the guide cylinder face of the second sliding block 16 coordinates with the guide copper sleeve on lower box 17 plays guide effect, nowel Body 17 is fixedly connected by bolt with upper box 1;Second sliding block 16 is connected by dive key 18 with worm gear 19, and worm gear 19 is by propping up Support set cylinder 22 fixes axial location, and worm gear 19 forms worm-drive with worm screw 20, and worm screw 20 and the output shaft of regulation motor 21 are consolidated Even, regulation motor 21 is arranged on lower box 17, the bottom of the second sliding block 16 by internal thread and the top of the 3rd sliding block 24 outside Threaded connection, the guiding circular arc face a of the bottom of the 3rd sliding block 24 coordinates with the guide copper sleeve on lower box 17 plays guiding Effect, spacing plane b and the rotational restraint plate 25 of the bottom of the 3rd sliding block 24 coordinate the rotational freedom for limiting the 3rd sliding block 24, The bottom of 3rd sliding block 24 is provided with dovetail groove, for installing tup.
Reference picture 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, during work, eccentric shaft 3, the first sliding block 4 and the second sliding block 16 constitute double-slider mechanism, By the linear reciprocating motion for changing into the second sliding block 16 of eccentric shaft 3, the face of cylinder of the bottom of the first sliding block 4 is provided with from profit Slide plate 15, is slidably connected by self-lubricating plate 15 and the T-slot on the top of the second sliding block 16;First sliding block 4 supports neck around eccentric shaft Axis translation, the second sliding block 16 does linear reciprocating motion in guide copper sleeve, there was only edge between the first sliding block 4 and the second sliding block 16 The relative motion in T-slot direction.
Reference picture 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, during regulation height of packing compact, the driving worm screw 20 of regulation motor 21, worm screw 20 drives snail Wheel 19 is rotated, and worm gear 19 drives the second sliding block 16 to rotate by dive key 18;Second sliding block 16 is slided by screw thread pair and the 3rd Block 24 is connected, because the face of cylinder of the bottom of the first sliding block 4 limits the one-movement-freedom-degree of the in the vertical direction of the second sliding block 16, the The spacing plane b of the bottom of three sliding block 24 coordinates the rotational freedom for limiting the 3rd sliding block 24 with rotational restraint plate 25, therefore works as When second sliding block 16 is rotated, the 3rd sliding block 24 is vertically moved relative to the second sliding block 16, so as to complete the tune of height of packing compact Section.
Reference picture 6, from the individual module formula punching machine unit head I of suitable parameter, with single-point single action press machine Frame II is combined, and just constitutes one-point single action straight side press, greatly simplifies design work, reduction processing and manufacturing difficulty.
Reference picture 7, from the first modular punching machine unit head III of suitable parameter and the second modular machinery pressure Power mechanomotive force first IV, two modular punching machine unit heads are mounted side by side in two point single action press frame V, with regard to structure Into two point single action press.Similarly, the quantity and arrangement of Rational choice unit head, can quickly design multipoint pressure A variety of punching machines such as machine, multiple position press.
The present invention operation principle be:When carrying out punching press, the power of generation is passed to small pulley 26 by main motor 27, then is led to Cross belt and pass to big belt wheel 13, big belt wheel 13 is fixedly connected with the 4th gear 12, and power passes through the 4th gear 12 and the 3rd tooth The gear pair that wheel 11 is constituted is delivered to jackshaft 8, then the gear pair being made up of second gear 7 and first gear 6 is delivered to partially Heart axle 3, eccentric shaft 3, the first sliding block 4 and the second sliding block 16 constitute double-slider mechanism, and the rotation of eccentric shaft 3 is changed into the second cunning The linear reciprocating motion of block 16, the second sliding block 16 drives the 3rd sliding block 24, the dovetail groove of the bottom of the 3rd sliding block 24 by screw thread pair Tup is installed, the linear reciprocating motion of tup is finally realized;During machine shut-down, the brake of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28 Closure braking, eccentric shaft 3 stops operating, and the clutch of pneumatic clutch brake assembly 28 unclamps, first gear 6, the second tooth The transmission system that wheel 7, jackshaft 8, the 3rd gear 11, the 4th gear 12, big belt wheel 13 and small pulley 26 are constituted is in main motor 27 Driving under idle running storage energy;When carrying out height of packing compact regulation, the driving worm screw 20 of regulation motor 21, worm screw 20 drives worm gear 19 Rotate, worm gear 19 drives the second sliding block 16 to rotate by dive key 18, because the second sliding block 16 and the 3rd sliding block 24 pass through spiral shell Line pair connection and rotational restraint plate 25 limits the rotational freedom of the 3rd sliding block 24, so the 3rd sliding block 24 is slided relative to second Block 16 moves up and down, and realizes the regulation of height of packing compact.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of modular punching machine unit head, including eccentric shaft (3), it is characterised in that:On the eccentric neck of eccentric shaft (3) First sliding block (4) is provided with by sliding bearing, the small end support neck of eccentric shaft (3) is arranged on by journal bearings (2) On upper box (1), the big end support neck of eccentric shaft (3) is connected by journal bearings (2) with big end axle sleeve (5), and axle is held greatly Cover (5) to be arranged on upper box (1), the big end of eccentric shaft (3) is connected with the endoporus of pneumatic clutch brake assembly (28), gas The left end of dynamic clutch brake assembly (28) is fixedly connected with upper box (1), the right side of pneumatic clutch brake assembly (28) End is fixedly connected with first gear (6), and first gear (6) is supported on by sliding bearing on the big end of eccentric shaft (3), the first tooth Wheel (6) is engaged with second gear (7), and second gear (7) is arranged on jackshaft (8), and jackshaft (8) passes through midship shaft bearing (9) it is arranged on bearing block (10), bearing block (10) is fixed on upper box (1), and the other end of jackshaft (8) is provided with the 3rd Gear (11), the 3rd gear (11) is engaged with the 4th gear (12), after big belt wheel (13) is fixedly connected with the 4th gear (12) On the small end that eccentric shaft (3) is arranged on by little-end bearing (14), big belt wheel (13) is connected by belt with small pulley (26), small The output shaft fixed connection of belt wheel (26) and main motor (27);
The bottom of first sliding block (4) is provided with self-lubricating plate (15), self-lubricating plate (15) and the T-slot on the second sliding block (16) top It is slidably connected, the guide cylinder face of the second sliding block (16) coordinates with the guide copper sleeve on lower box (17), lower box (17) it is fixedly connected with upper box (1), the second sliding block (16) is connected with worm gear (19), worm gear (19) is fixed by stop sleeve (22) Axial location, worm gear (19) forms worm-drive, worm screw (20) and the output shaft fixed connection of regulation motor (21) with worm screw (20), adjusts Save motor (21) to be arranged on lower box (17), the bottom of the second sliding block (16) passes through internal thread and the 3rd sliding block (24) top External screw thread is connected, and the guiding circular arc face a of the 3rd sliding block (24) bottom installed in guide copper sleeve on lower box (17) with coordinating, and the 3rd The spacing plane b of sliding block (24) bottom coordinates with rotational restraint plate (25), and the bottom of the 3rd sliding block (24) is provided with for installing hammer The dovetail groove of head.
2. a kind of modular punching machine unit head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:A kind of modular Punching machine unit head and corresponding frame in combination, can quickly complete punching machine design, from individual module formula Punching machine unit head (I) is combined with single-point single action press frame (II), just constitutes one-point single action straight side press;Choosing With the first modular punching machine unit head (III) and the second modular punching machine unit head (IV), two modular machines Tool press power head is mounted side by side in two point single action press frame (V), just constitutes two point single action press.
CN201710470548.6A 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Modular mechanical press power head Active CN107139516B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710470548.6A CN107139516B (en) 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Modular mechanical press power head

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710470548.6A CN107139516B (en) 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Modular mechanical press power head

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107139516A true CN107139516A (en) 2017-09-08
CN107139516B CN107139516B (en) 2020-02-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109263111A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-25 西安交通大学 A kind of crank press fluid pressure type crank adjusting device of eccentricity
CN110014685A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-07-16 合肥禾成信息科技有限公司 Compression travel regulation device for pharmaceutical tabletting machine

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5188022A (en) * 1989-10-24 1993-02-23 John D. Benson Countertop can crusher
CN2341797Y (en) * 1998-09-03 1999-10-06 广东锻压机床厂有限公司 Driver of press
CN201580005U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-09-15 江苏扬力集团有限公司 Double-loop control mechanism for regulating die-filling height of sliding block
CN101961927A (en) * 2010-03-28 2011-02-02 宁波精达机电科技有限公司 Overhead cylinder type four-column pressure machine
CN103057143A (en) * 2013-01-10 2013-04-24 江苏省徐州锻压机床厂集团有限公司 Double-point servo press transmission mechanism
CN203979295U (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-12-03 重庆隆旺机电有限责任公司 Power taking gearshift type speed changer
CN205183490U (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-04-27 宁波澳玛特高精冲压机床股份有限公司 Die height adjusting device
CN206065311U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-04-05 江苏中兴西田数控科技有限公司 A kind of drive mechanism of warm forging punch press

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5188022A (en) * 1989-10-24 1993-02-23 John D. Benson Countertop can crusher
CN2341797Y (en) * 1998-09-03 1999-10-06 广东锻压机床厂有限公司 Driver of press
CN201580005U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-09-15 江苏扬力集团有限公司 Double-loop control mechanism for regulating die-filling height of sliding block
CN101961927A (en) * 2010-03-28 2011-02-02 宁波精达机电科技有限公司 Overhead cylinder type four-column pressure machine
CN103057143A (en) * 2013-01-10 2013-04-24 江苏省徐州锻压机床厂集团有限公司 Double-point servo press transmission mechanism
CN203979295U (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-12-03 重庆隆旺机电有限责任公司 Power taking gearshift type speed changer
CN205183490U (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-04-27 宁波澳玛特高精冲压机床股份有限公司 Die height adjusting device
CN206065311U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-04-05 江苏中兴西田数控科技有限公司 A kind of drive mechanism of warm forging punch press

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109263111A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-25 西安交通大学 A kind of crank press fluid pressure type crank adjusting device of eccentricity
CN110014685A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-07-16 合肥禾成信息科技有限公司 Compression travel regulation device for pharmaceutical tabletting machine

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