CN107136321A - Processing method for paper mulberry leaf - Google Patents

Processing method for paper mulberry leaf Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107136321A
CN107136321A CN201710323061.5A CN201710323061A CN107136321A CN 107136321 A CN107136321 A CN 107136321A CN 201710323061 A CN201710323061 A CN 201710323061A CN 107136321 A CN107136321 A CN 107136321A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blade
step
leaf
fermentation vat
mulberry leaf
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CN201710323061.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冉贤
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中科天华生物科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201710323061.5A priority Critical patent/CN107136321A/en
Publication of CN107136321A publication Critical patent/CN107136321A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs

Abstract

The present invention relates to plant processing technique field, and in particular to a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf, comprises the following steps:Step 1:Prepare a kind of paper mulberry leaf process equipment, step 2:Broken leaf;Step 3:Sieve blade and petiole;Step 4:Dry blade;Step 5:Fermented.During using the technical program, the paper mulberry blade and petiole after broken can be sieved by screening mechanism, it is ensured that only blade enters is dried in hothouse, raising rate of drying, while avoiding the moisture in fermentation vat too high and causing feed to addle;Roughage degradation agent is added in fermentation vat can improve digestibility of the animal to albumen, and palatability of the feed for animal can be improved by adding saccharin.

Description

Processing method for paper mulberry leaf

Technical field

The present invention relates to plant processing technique field, and in particular to a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf.

Background technology

Broussonetia papyrifera enriches, and is distributed in the Yellow River, the Changjiang river and Pearl River Delta area, most of to be wild, a small amount of for cultivation.Structure Leaf protein content is up to 20%~30%, and the nutritional ingredient such as amino acid, vitamin, carbohydrate and trace element is also very It is abundant.In recent years, developing rapidly with aquaculture, all feeds is also developed rapidly therewith, all feeds of current market It is various in style, act on different, requirement of the animal in different growths, physiological periods to nutrition is differed, its feed fed It is different, it is necessary to especially prepare.It has been investigated that, the leaf of paper mulberry is a kind of good animal feed.If by the structure of harvesting If the direct nutrition purposes, especially for feeding animals of leaf, one side palatability is poor;On the other hand, because petiole and leaf growth are integral, petiole with The connection of stipule is relatively fragile, so in the picking process of leaf, in order to improve operating efficiency, often being adopted together with petiole Pluck.But fresh feed with paper-mulberry leaf is stored after can not depositing the long time, it is necessary to ferment, but petiole water content compares blade Greatly, feed can be made to rot if confusing blade and being fermented;Moreover, some animals can't eat petiole.It is anxious based on this A kind of method need to be proposed to solve problem above.

The content of the invention

Sent out it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of blade and petiole for sieving feed with paper-mulberry leaf and after drying leaf water The processing method of ferment.

To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme is that a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf is provided, including Following steps:

Step 1:Prepare a kind of paper mulberry leaf process equipment, the equipment includes crushing mechanism, screening mechanism, drier and fermentation Mechanism;Wherein, crushing mechanism includes a frame, motor, passage and blade, and motor is fixedly connected in a frame, blade It is fixedly connected with motor, passage is arranged in a frame, and passage ports are arranged at blade;Screening mechanism includes No. two machines Frame, vibrating motor and sieve, vibrating motor are fixedly connected in No. two frames, and sieve is fixedly installed in No. two frames, vibration Motor is fixedly connected with sieve, and sieve is provided with sieve aperture, and screening mechanism is arranged at below crushing mechanism;Drier includes drying Room, dryer, dehumidifier and weight detector, weight detector are installed on hothouse bottom, and dryer is installed on hothouse bottom Portion, dehumidifier is installed at the top of hothouse;Ferment mechanism include fermentation vat, humidity sensor, temperature inductor, rabbling mechanism, The controller of sealing-plug and control rabbling mechanism switch, humidity sensor is arranged at the pool wall of fermentation vat, and the bottom of pond of fermentation vat is set The opening that useful sealing-plug is blocked;Rabbling mechanism is arranged in pond, and temperature inductor is arranged on rabbling mechanism, temperature inductor Electrically connected with rabbling mechanism by controller;

Step 2:Start motor, paper mulberry leaf is put into from passage feeding mouth, when filling leaf in passage at passage feeding mouth Pressure is applied to leaf, leaf is squeezed out into passage ports and crushed with the blade contact of rotation;

Step 3:Vibration on Start-up motor, the broken blade and petiole that drop on sieve is paved, in the presence of vibrating motor Petiole is fallen down at sieve aperture, then collects blade;

Step 4:Blade is transferred in hothouse, after the completion of transfer, the numerical value M1 of weight detector is recorded, sets dryer Hot blast temperature value range, then start dryer, at the same start dehumidifier;After leaf dries 10min -20min, close Dryer and dehumidifier, record the numerical value M2 of weight detector, if water content again(M1-M2)When/M1*100% is more than 15%, Continue to dry leaf;If leaf water content is less than 15%, stop drying process;

Step 5:Dried feed with paper-mulberry leaf is transferred in fermentation vat, sealing and fermenting pond, then sets humidity sensor and temperature The influence value of inductor sense;, will be stifled when humidity sensor, which detects in fermentation vat water content, is more than setting value in fermentation process The sealing-plug of plug opening is opened, and when water content is less than setting value, opening is blocked with sealing-plug;When temperature inductor detects hair When temperature is more than setting value in ferment pond, temperature inductor transmits signals to controller, and controller control rabbling mechanism is stirred Mix;When temperature inductor, which detects in fermentation vat temperature, is less than setting value, temperature inductor transmits signals to controller, control Device control rabbling mechanism processed stops stirring;After paper mulberry blade ferments 5-7 days, prepared by feed completes.

This programme has the technical effect that:Because petiole water content is higher than blade, blade and petiole after crushing are separated Come, on the one hand reduce the drying time of leaf, on the other hand efficiently avoid and made because moisture is too high during later stage fermentation Situation about being rotted into paper mulberry leaf feed.Because the blade after broken is in strip, petiole is in granular form, after being crushed in screening Leaf is paved, and quickly can be separated paper mulberry blade and petiole;During drying, hot blast temperature is controlled, leaf will not be caused Piece burns, while by leaf water content control in OK range, in fermentation blade would not be caused to rot.In fermentation The fermentation situation of leaf can be detected, if water content is too high, excessive moisture can be drained at opening by opening sealing-plug; If fermentation vat central temperature is too high, it can reduce fermentation vat central temperature by rabbling mechanism stirring vane so as to loose blade, keep away Exempt from blade to rot.After broken, screening, a series of dry and processes of fermenting, feed with paper-mulberry leaf can be processed into dynamic rich in nutrition Thing feed.

Further, the hot blast temperature value range of dryer described in step 4 is set as at 90 °C -110 °C, during drying Between be 15min;The influence value of humidity sensor described in step 5 is 55%, and the influence value of temperature inductor is 60 °C, feed with paper-mulberry leaf Fermentation time is 6 days.This programme has the technical effect that:90 °C -110 °C are preferred ranges, and 15min is the preferred time, together When meet the two conditions can rapid draing blade, while will not also burn blade;It is most when water content is 55% in fermentation vat Good fermentation humidity, temperature within 60 °C feed all without rot;According to the change of outdoor temperature, general fermentation time is 6 days Most appropriate, the feed palatability after fermentation is good.

Further, feed with paper-mulberry leaf is transferred to after fermentation vat described in step 5, be sprinkled into fermentation vat roughage degradation agent and Saccharin.This programme has the technical effect that:Digestion suction of the animal to albumen in feed with paper-mulberry leaf can be improved by adding roughage degradation agent Yield;Due to paper mulberry blade slightly bitter taste, bitter taste can be eliminated by adding saccharin, improve the palatability of feed.

Further, rabbling mechanism includes No. two cylinders, support bar and revolving fragment, and No. two cylinders are fixed on fermentation vat bottom Portion, support bar one end is fixedly connected with No. two cylinders, and the support bar other end is fixedly connected with revolving fragment, and temperature inductor is arranged at On support bar, No. two cylinders, controller and temperature inductor series connection.This programme has the technical effect that:When temperature inductor detection When being more than 60 °C of setting value to temperature, controller is transmitted signals to, controller controls No. two cylinders to start, No. two cylinders drive Revolving fragment is rotated, so that loose fermentation vat intra vane, reduces center temperature in fermentation vat, it is to avoid blade rots.

Further, fermentation vat described in step 1 is in shape with wide top and narrow bottom, and fermentation vat includes internal layer and outer layer, internal layer and outer It is provided between layer on cavity, internal layer and is provided with pore, opening is arranged at outer bottom.This programme has the technical effect that:In fermentation vat The globule condensed on layer enters cavity by pore, and accumulate directly to contact with leaf, it is to avoid cause leaf to rot, together When water content is too high in fermentation vat, open sealing-plug after moisture directly at opening flow out.

Further, provided with a cylinder above crushing mechanism described in step 1, a cylinder output shaft aligned with channel enters Material mouth.This programme has the technical effect that:Pressure can be applied to leaf at passage feeding mouth by output shaft, it is to avoid artificial operation The danger brought.

During using above-mentioned technical proposal, the paper mulberry blade and petiole after broken can be sieved by screening mechanism, Ensure that only blade enters to be dried in hothouse, rate of drying is improved, while avoiding the moisture in fermentation vat too high And cause feed to addle;Roughage degradation agent is added in fermentation vat can improve digestibility of the animal to albumen, add Saccharin can improve palatability of the feed for animal.

Brief description of the drawings

The present invention is further detailed explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description:

Fig. 1 is present invention paper mulberry leaf process equipment schematic diagram used.

Wherein, as icon note is expressed as:Number frame 1, passage 2, blade 3, cylinder 4, No. two frames 5, sieve 6, Sieve aperture 7, hothouse 8, fermentation vat 9, internal layer 10, outer layer 11, cavity 12, pore 13.

Embodiment

A kind of paper mulberry leaf process equipment as shown in Figure 1, the equipment from left to right include crushing mechanism, screening mechanism, Hothouse 8 and fermentation vat 9.Crushing mechanism includes a frame 1, motor, passage 2 and blade 3, and motor is bolted to connection In in a frame 1, blade 3 is bolted to connection with motor, and passage 2 is arranged in a frame 1, the discharging opening of passage 2 It is arranged at blade 3 and top at motor connection;Provided with a cylinder 4, an output shaft aligned with channel of cylinder 4 above crushing mechanism 2 feeding mouths.Screening mechanism includes No. two frames 5, vibrating motor and sieve 6, and vibrating motor is bolted to connection in No. two In frame 5, sieve 6 is welded in No. two frames 5, and vibrating motor is bolted with sieve 6, and sieve 6 is provided with sieve aperture 7. The bottom of hothouse 8 is provided with weight detector and dryer, and the top of hothouse 8 is provided with dehumidifier.Fermentation vat 9 is in wide at the top and narrow at the bottom Uncovered hopper shape, fermentation vat 9 include internal layer 10 and outer layer 11, be provided between internal layer 10 and outer layer 11 on cavity 12, internal layer 10 Pore 13 is provided with, the side wall of internal layer 10 is provided with humidity sensor;The bottom of outer layer 11 is provided with opening, and opening is blocked by sealing-plug.It is interior The bottom of floor 10 is provided with No. two cylinders, No. two cylinders and is welded with support bar, and support bar free end has been bolted rotation Piece, support bar side wall, which is provided with temperature inductor, temperature inductor, is provided with controller, temperature inductor, controller and No. two Cylinder is connected.

The specific processing method of paper mulberry leaf comprises the following steps:

Step 1:Prepare the process equipment of above-mentioned paper mulberry leaf;

Step 2:Start motor, paper mulberry leaf is put into from the feeding mouth of passage 2, start a cylinder when filling leaf in passage 2 4, cylinder output shaft at the feeding mouth of passage 2 to leaf apply pressure, by leaf squeeze out the discharging opening of passage 2 and with the knife of rotation The contact of piece 3 is crushed;

Step 3:Vibration on Start-up motor, the broken blade and petiole that drop on sieve 6 is paved, in the presence of vibrating motor Petiole is fallen down at sieve aperture 7, then collects blade;

Step 4:Blade is transferred in hothouse 8, after the completion of transfer, the numerical value M1 of weight detector, setting drying is recorded The hot blast temperature scope of machine is 90 °C -110 °C, then starts dryer, while starting dehumidifier;When leaf dries 15min Afterwards, dryer and dehumidifier are closed, the numerical value M2 of weight detector is recorded again, if water content(M1-M2)/ M1*100% is big When 15%, continue to dry leaf;If leaf water content is less than 15%, stop drying process;

Step 5:Dried feed with paper-mulberry leaf is transferred in fermentation vat 9, with cloth sealing and fermenting pond 9, humidity inductive is then set 60 °C of the influence value 55% of device and the influence value of temperature inductor;In fermentation process, when humidity sensor is detected in fermentation vat 9 When water content is more than 55%, sealing-plug is opened manually, water flows out at opening;When water content is less than 55%, blocked with sealing-plug Opening;When temperature inductor, which detects in fermentation vat 9 temperature, is more than 60 °C, temperature inductor transmits signals to controller, Controller controls No. two cylinders to start, and No. two cylinders drive revolving fragment to rotate by support shaft, so that loose blade, reduction fermentation Temperature in pond 9;When temperature inductor, which detects in fermentation vat 9 temperature, is less than 60 °C, temperature inductor transmits signals to control Device processed, controller controls No. two cylinders to be stopped;After paper mulberry blade ferments 6 days, prepared by feed completes.

Above-described is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art, Without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, several modifications and improvements can also be made, these should also be considered as the guarantor of the present invention Scope is protected, these effects and practical applicability for implementing all without the influence present invention.The present invention omits the technology department of description It is known technology to divide.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Prepare a kind of paper mulberry leaf process equipment, the equipment includes crushing mechanism, screening mechanism, drier and fermentation Mechanism;Wherein, crushing mechanism includes a frame, motor, passage and blade, and motor is fixedly connected in a frame, blade It is fixedly connected with motor, passage is arranged in a frame, and passage ports are arranged at blade;Screening mechanism includes No. two machines Frame, vibrating motor and sieve, vibrating motor are fixedly connected in No. two frames, and sieve is fixedly installed in No. two frames, vibration Motor is fixedly connected with sieve, and sieve is provided with sieve aperture, and screening mechanism is arranged at below crushing mechanism;Drier includes drying Room, dryer, dehumidifier and weight detector, weight detector are installed on hothouse bottom, and dryer is installed on hothouse bottom Portion, dehumidifier is installed at the top of hothouse;Ferment mechanism include fermentation vat, humidity sensor, temperature inductor, rabbling mechanism, The controller of sealing-plug and control rabbling mechanism switch, humidity sensor is arranged at the pool wall of fermentation vat, and the bottom of pond of fermentation vat is set The opening that useful sealing-plug is blocked;Rabbling mechanism is arranged in pond, and temperature inductor is arranged on rabbling mechanism, temperature inductor Electrically connected with rabbling mechanism by controller;
Step 2:Start motor, paper mulberry leaf is put into from passage feeding mouth, when filling leaf in passage at passage feeding mouth Pressure is applied to leaf, leaf is squeezed out into passage ports and crushed with the blade contact of rotation;
Step 3:Vibration on Start-up motor, the broken blade and petiole that drop on sieve is paved, in the presence of vibrating motor Petiole is fallen down at sieve aperture, then collects blade;
Step 4:Blade is transferred in hothouse, after the completion of transfer, the numerical value M1 of weight detector is recorded, sets dryer Hot blast temperature value range, then start dryer, at the same start dehumidifier;After leaf dries 10min -20min, close Dryer and dehumidifier, record the numerical value M2 of weight detector, if water content again(M1-M2)When/M1*100% is more than 15%, Continue to dry leaf;If leaf water content is less than 15%, stop drying process;
Step 5:Dried feed with paper-mulberry leaf is transferred in fermentation vat, sealing and fermenting pond, then sets humidity sensor and temperature The influence value of inductor sense;, will be stifled when humidity sensor, which detects in fermentation vat water content, is more than setting value in fermentation process The sealing-plug of plug opening is opened, and when water content is less than setting value, opening is blocked with sealing-plug;When temperature inductor detects hair When temperature is more than setting value in ferment pond, temperature inductor transmits signals to controller, and controller control rabbling mechanism is stirred Mix;When temperature inductor, which detects in fermentation vat temperature, is less than setting value, temperature inductor transmits signals to controller, control Device control rabbling mechanism processed stops stirring;After paper mulberry blade ferments 5-7 days, prepared by feed completes.
2. a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Dried described in step 4 The hot blast temperature value range of dry machine is set as that drying time is 15min at 90 °C -110 °C;Humidity sensor described in step 5 Influence value be 55%, the influence value of temperature inductor is 60 °C, and feed with paper-mulberry leaf fermentation time is 6 days.
3. a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Structure described in step 5 Leaf is transferred to after fermentation vat, and roughage degradation agent and saccharin are sprinkled into fermentation vat.
4. a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Rabbling mechanism includes two Number cylinder, support bar and revolving fragment, No. two cylinders are fixed on fermentation vat bottom, and support bar one end is fixedly connected with No. two cylinders, The support bar other end is fixedly connected with revolving fragment, and temperature inductor is arranged on support bar, No. two cylinders, controller and temperature sense Device is answered to connect.
5. a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Sent out described in step 1 Ferment pond is in shape with wide top and narrow bottom, and fermentation vat includes internal layer and outer layer, is provided between internal layer and outer layer on cavity, internal layer and is provided with pore, Opening is arranged at outer bottom.
6. a kind of processing method for paper mulberry leaf according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Broken described in step 1 Provided with a cylinder, a cylinder output shaft aligned with channel feeding mouth above broken mechanism.
CN201710323061.5A 2017-05-09 2017-05-09 Processing method for paper mulberry leaf CN107136321A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101744106A (en) * 2009-12-26 2010-06-23 马林栋 Lactobacillus forced fermentation technique with pasture medium and versatile walk type pasture processing machine
CN102443535A (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-05-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Solid fermentation bioreactor
CN103918885A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-07-16 厦门百穗行科技股份有限公司 Method for preparing high-protein feed by using paper mulberry leaves, platycodon grandiflorum and waste yeast mud
CN105054261A (en) * 2015-07-05 2015-11-18 湖南民康生物技术研究所 Equipment and method using fermentation dross to produce high activity high nutrition forage
CN106036029A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-26 南宁学院 Manufacturing technology of silage
CN205988793U (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-03-01 宜昌阳光饲料有限责任公司 A kind of feed stuff reducing device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101744106A (en) * 2009-12-26 2010-06-23 马林栋 Lactobacillus forced fermentation technique with pasture medium and versatile walk type pasture processing machine
CN102443535A (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-05-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Solid fermentation bioreactor
CN103918885A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-07-16 厦门百穗行科技股份有限公司 Method for preparing high-protein feed by using paper mulberry leaves, platycodon grandiflorum and waste yeast mud
CN105054261A (en) * 2015-07-05 2015-11-18 湖南民康生物技术研究所 Equipment and method using fermentation dross to produce high activity high nutrition forage
CN106036029A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-26 南宁学院 Manufacturing technology of silage
CN205988793U (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-03-01 宜昌阳光饲料有限责任公司 A kind of feed stuff reducing device

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