CN107097676B - A kind of new-energy automobile charging unit - Google Patents

A kind of new-energy automobile charging unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107097676B
CN107097676B CN201710369878.6A CN201710369878A CN107097676B CN 107097676 B CN107097676 B CN 107097676B CN 201710369878 A CN201710369878 A CN 201710369878A CN 107097676 B CN107097676 B CN 107097676B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power supply
charging
sliding
supply hole
slot
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710369878.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107097676A (en
Inventor
严利明
程建文
童杰
Original Assignee
建德市万家电器电缆有限公司
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Priority to CN201710369878.6A priority Critical patent/CN107097676B/en
Publication of CN107097676A publication Critical patent/CN107097676A/en
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Publication of CN107097676B publication Critical patent/CN107097676B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/16Connectors, e.g. plugs or sockets, specially adapted for charging electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/629Additional means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. aligning or guiding means, levers, gas pressure electrical locking indicators, manufacturing tolerances
    • H01R13/62933Comprising exclusively pivoting lever
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/639Additional means for holding or locking coupling parts together, after engagement, e.g. separate keylock, retainer strap
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of new-energy automobile charging unit, including cylinder and the sliding cavity being arranged in the cylinder, the cylinder left upper portion is provided with slotting chamber, the power supply to be connected with being connected the charging part of new-energy automobile can be slidingly provided with the sliding cavity, the power supply includes downslide section and the upper sliding section being fixedly connected with the downslide section, the first power supply hole is provided with the left of the upper sliding section, right side is provided with power supply column, the locking member the charging part to be locked is additionally provided with the upper sliding section, overall structure of the present invention is simple, stabilization safe for operation, cost is more cheap, it is and convenient for installation and maintenance, it is easy to operate, it can realize the continuity of electric automobile charging, prevent midway charging from disconnecting, it is adapted to promote the use of.

Description

A kind of new-energy automobile charging unit

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of new energy, more particularly to a kind of new-energy automobile charging unit.

Background technology

As the development of electric vehicle engineering, particularly country continue to increase air contaminant treatment dynamics, as biography The electric automobile of one of the optimal substitute products of system automobile, development speed are particularly rapid.

But the use of electric automobile be unable to do without charging device of electric automobile, the first power supply hole on traditional charging unit All it is exposed, and the first power supply hole has been just in logical when the charging head of electric automobile is not extended into the first power supply hole Electricity condition, this be easy to cause people and produces Danger Electric shock risk when plugging the charging head of electric automobile, there are larger security risk, And the charging head of existing electric automobile is usually to be fastened in the first power supply hole and expose outside charging unit, is not being protected In the case of device, charging head is easily deliberately pulled up by other people or easily kicks charging head off due to kicking to hit by mistake by mistake and depart from and fill First power supply hole of electric installation, security protection is poor, have impact on charging normal for electric automobile.

The content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of new-energy automobile charging unit, it can solve above-mentioned present The problem of in technology.

To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of new-energy automobile charging unit of the present invention, Including cylinder and the sliding cavity being arranged in the cylinder, the cylinder left upper portion is provided with slotting chamber, in the sliding cavity The power supply to be connected with being connected the charging part of new-energy automobile can be slidingly provided with, the power supply includes Downslide section and the upper sliding section being fixedly connected with the downslide section, the upper sliding section left side are provided with the first power supply Hole, right side are provided with power supply column, and the locking member the charging part to be locked is additionally provided with the upper sliding section, described Sliding cavity right upper portion is provided with and second power supply hole with the power supply column to be connected opposite with the power supply column, institute State sliding cavity lower right side and be provided with the first motor, be provided with gear grooved in the cylinder of the sliding cavity left lower, institute State and the first threaded rod is connected with the output shaft of the first motor, the first threaded rod left end passes through the gear grooved and the cunning Inner wall between dynamic chamber is simultaneously extended in the gear grooved, and first threaded rod is rotatably assorted connection by clutch shaft bearing, institute State the first threaded rod to also extend through the downslide section and be connected with the downslide section thread fitting, the first threaded rod extension Lower bevel gear is fixedly installed to one end in the gear grooved, a shield is provided between the gear grooved and the slotting chamber Groove, it is described to cover in board slot by second bearing rotatably arranged with there is the second threaded rod, it is additionally provided with the masking board slot The shield that can be slided up and down and be connected with the second threaded rod thread fitting, the second threaded rod lower end extend to described In gear grooved and one end for extending in the gear grooved be fixedly installed with the lower intermeshing upper bevel gear of bevel gear, Be provided with the roof of the slotting chamber it is opposite with the masking board slot and with the matched plate access slot in shield top.

As preferable technical solution, the charging part includes main part, and the main part left upper portion is provided with and electricity The charging wire that electrical automobile is connected, the main part left side central portion are provided with gripping frame, the main part right side central be provided with The charging head that first power supply hole coordinates, both sides are symmetrically arranged with lock slots, the gripping frame and institute to the charging head up and down It is insulator to state main part, and the charging wire is connected with the charging head electric wire, is provided with the right side of the charging head to stretch The oblique surface guided when entering into first power supply hole.

As preferable technical solution, the locking member includes being symmetricly set on both sides above and below first power supply hole Translot in the upper sliding section, the vertical slot of two translots of connection, the vertical slot are provided with the right side of two translots In can slidingly be provided with riser, upper and lower ends are symmetrically arranged with the horizontal stroke extending into the translot on the left of the riser Plate, the riser right side central are provided with the 3rd threaded hole, and the vertical slot right side central is provided with the second motor, second electricity The 3rd threaded rod being connected with the 3rd threaded hole, the upper and lower both sides of first power supply hole are connected with the output shaft of machine Wears groove is symmetrically arranged with, the wears groove is communicated with the translot, is provided with what is communicated with the wears groove in the cell wall of the wears groove Limiting slot, is slidably provided with clamping block in the wears groove, the clamping block periphery is fixedly installed one can be described spacing The slide plate slided in groove, is additionally provided with the limiting slot to the top pressure spring of slide plate described in top pressure, on the inside of the clamping block Inclined conducting is provided with end face, is provided with the face of compressing on the right side of the clamping block outboard end, the left end of the transverse slat be provided with The pressing surface for compressing face and being mutually slidably connected, the clamping block are also insulator.

As preferable technical solution, the crown center of the shield is provided with and the matched semicircle of the charging wire Shape card slot.

As preferable technical solution, the shield be in it is described masking board slot in when the shield top end face with The bottom wall of the slotting chamber flushes, the left side of the upper sliding section and institute when the upper sliding section left end is slided into the slotting chamber The right side wall for stating masking board slot flushes and right side wall of the left side of the upper sliding section also with the plate access slot flushes,

As preferable technical solution, second power supply hole is electrically connected with city, the power supply column and the described first power supply Hole electric wire connection.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

1. when power supply is in the left-most position of sliding cavity, shield is in masking board slot, upper sliding section left end Slide into slotting chamber, and riser is in the right-most position of vertical slot, clamping block is protruding due to the pressure on top surface of top pressure spring Into wears groove, and the end face outside of clamping block is abutted with the outer end wall of wears groove, and clamping block medial extremity is retracted in wears groove, at this time; Second power supply hole is mismatched with power supply column, and the first power supply hole is in off-position, therefore, charging of the people in plug electric automobile Danger Electric shock risk will not be produced during head, improves the security of electric automobile charging.

2. being coordinated by the way that charging head is extend into the first power supply hole, control the second motor work, is driven by the second motor Riser slides to the left, and slip band motion plate also slides riser to the left to the left, and transverse slat slides to the left so that clamping block medial extremity stretches into Into lock slots, when riser slides into the left-most position of vertical slot to the left, the second motor of control is stopped, on the outside of clamping block End face is abutted with transverse slat inner side end, and clamping block medial extremity extend into lock slots and coordinates in place with lock slots, will charging Head is locked in the first power supply hole, then controls the first motor to work, and is slided to the right by the first motor driving power supply, power supply Sliding to the right drives charging part to slide to the right, and the first threaded rod drives the second threaded rod to rotate while rotation, the second threaded rod Driving shield upward sliding is rotated, when power supply slides into the right-most position of sliding cavity, at this time, shield extend into plate Coordinate in access slot slotting chamber to be covered, semicircle card slot blocks charging wire, and power supply column, which extend into coordinate in the second power supply hole, to be led to Electricity, the first power supply hole are in "on" position so as to charge to electric automobile.

3. being horizontally slipped by the second motor pushing riser, so as to fulfill the unlock to charging head and locking work, pass through First motor pushing power supply horizontally slips, and so as to fulfill the powered off and on of the first power supply hole, realization automatically controls, and is powering Shield upward sliding while portion is slided to the right, so that slotting chamber is covered and will by shield while the first power supply hole is powered Charging wire blocks, and to prevent that charging part is unplugged or is destroyed when electric automobile is charged, security protection is good.

4. overall structure of the present invention is simple, stabilization safe for operation, cost is more cheap, and convenient for installation and maintenance, operation letter It is single, it can realize the continuity of electric automobile charging, prevent midway charging from disconnecting, be adapted to promote the use of.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram of new-energy automobile charging unit of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is structure diagram when charging part coordinates with power supply in the present invention;

Fig. 3 is that charging part is locked structure diagram when component locks in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is overall structure diagram when column and the cooperation energization of the second power supply hole are powered in the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the enlarged structure schematic diagram of locking member in the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the left view of shield in Fig. 2;

Fig. 7 is the overall structure diagram of charging part in the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the left view of Fig. 1 in the present invention.

Embodiment

The preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, so that advantages and features of the invention energy It is easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, so as to make a clearer definition of the protection scope of the present invention.

Refering to a kind of new-energy automobile charging unit shown in Fig. 1-8, including cylinder 1 and it is arranged in the cylinder 1 Sliding cavity 11,1 left upper portion of cylinder is provided with slotting chamber 12, can be slidingly provided with the sliding cavity 11 to Be connected new-energy automobile charging part 2 be connected power supply 3, the power supply 3 include downslide section 32 and with institute The upper sliding section 31 that downslide section 32 is fixedly connected is stated, the upper sliding left side of section 31 is provided with the first power supply hole 34, and right side is set Power supply column 33 is equipped with, the locking member the charging part 2 to be locked, the slip are additionally provided with the upper sliding section 31 11 right upper portion of chamber is provided with and second power supply hole with the power supply column 33 to be connected opposite with the power supply column 33 101,11 lower right side of sliding cavity is provided with the first motor 102, is set in the cylinder 1 of 11 left lower of sliding cavity Gear grooved 13 is equipped with, the first threaded rod 103 is connected with the output shaft of first motor 102, first threaded rod 103 is left Hold the inner wall through the gear grooved 13 and the sliding cavity 11 and extend in the gear grooved 13, first screw thread Bar 103 is rotatably assorted connection by clutch shaft bearing 105, first threaded rod 103 also extend through the downslide section 32 and with institute The connection of 32 thread fitting of downslide section is stated, first threaded rod 103 extends to the fixed setting of one end in the gear grooved 13 There is lower bevel gear 104, a masking board slot 14 is provided between the gear grooved 13 and the slotting chamber 12, it is described to cover in board slot 14 By second bearing rotatably arranged with there is the second threaded rod 141, be additionally provided with the masking board slot 14 can slide up and down and The shield 142 being connected with 141 thread fitting of the second threaded rod, 141 lower end of the second threaded rod extend to the tooth In race 13 and one end for extending in the gear grooved 13 is fixedly installed and the lower 104 intermeshing epicone of bevel gear Gear 144, is provided with the roof of the slotting chamber 12 opposite with the masking board slot 14 and matches with the top of shield 142 The plate access slot 15 of conjunction, so that so that the shield 142 will after being extend at the top of shield 142 in the plate access slot 15 The slotting chamber 12 covers.

Wherein, the charging part 2 includes main part 21, and 21 left upper portion of main part is provided with to be connected with electric automobile Charging wire 22,21 left side central portion of main part be provided with grip frame 23,21 right side central of main part is provided with and institute The charging head 24 of the first power supply hole 34 cooperation is stated, the charging head is symmetrically arranged with lock slots 25, the gripping in both sides about 24 Frame 23 and the main part 21 are insulator, and the charging wire 22 is connected with 24 electric wire of charging head, and the charging head 24 is right Side is provided with the oblique surface 241 to be guided when extending into first power supply hole 34, so as to facilitate the charging First 24 quickly extend into first power supply hole 34 and coordinate.

Wherein, the locking member includes the upper sliding section for being symmetricly set on first power supply hole both sides about 34 Translot 301 in 31, the right side of two translots 301 is provided with the vertical slot 302 of two translots 301 of connection, described perpendicular Riser 51 can be slidingly provided with groove 302, the 51 left side upper and lower ends of riser, which are symmetrically arranged with, extend into the horizontal stroke Transverse slat 52 in groove 301,51 right side central of riser are provided with the 3rd threaded hole 5, and 302 right side central of vertical slot is provided with Second motor 303, the 3rd spiral shell being connected with the 3rd threaded hole 5 is connected with the output shaft of second motor 303 Rasp bar 304, first power supply hole are symmetrically arranged with wears groove 35 in both sides about 34, and the wears groove 35 is communicated with the translot 301, The limiting slot 36 communicated with the wears groove 35 is provided with the cell wall of the wears groove 35, is slidably provided with the wears groove 35 Clamping block 37,37 periphery of clamping block is fixedly installed a slide plate 38 that can be slided in the limiting slot 36, described spacing The top pressure spring 39 to slide plate described in top pressure 38 is additionally provided with groove 36, is provided with 37 inner side end of clamping block and tiltedly leads Portion 40, is provided with the face of compressing 371 on the right side of 37 outboard end of clamping block, the left end of the transverse slat 52 is provided with to be compressed with described The pressing surface 372 that face 371 is mutually slidably connected, the clamping block 37 are also insulator.

Wherein, the crown center of the shield 142 be provided with the matched semicircle card slot 4 of the charging wire 22, The semicircle card slot 4 is blocking the charging wire 22 to prevent institute when the shield 142 covers the slotting chamber 12 State charging wire 22 to be pulled, when the charging head 24 extend into and coordinates in first power supply hole 34, the charging wire 22 is in The surface of the semicircle card slot 4.

Wherein, the top end face of the shield 142 is inserted with described when the shield 142 is in the masking board slot 14 The bottom wall of chamber 12 flushes, when upper sliding 31 left end of section is slided into the slotting chamber 12 left side of the upper sliding section 31 with The right side wall of the masking board slot 14 flushes and the left side of the upper sliding section 31 is also neat with the right side wall of the plate access slot 15 Flat, so that when sliding section 31 is slided to the right described, the shield 142 can also extend upwardly into the slotting chamber In 12,

Wherein, second power supply hole 101 is electrically connected with city, and the power supply column 33 connects with 34 electric wire of the first power supply hole Connect.

In original state, the power supply 3 is in the left-most position of the sliding cavity 11, at the shield 142 In the masking board slot 14, at this time, upper sliding 31 left end of section is slided into the slotting chamber 12, and the riser 51 is in The right-most position of the vertical slot 302, the clamping block 37 extend outward to institute by the pressure on top surface of the top pressure spring 39 State in wears groove 35, and the end face outside of the clamping block 37 is abutted with the outer end wall of the wears groove 35, the inner side of clamping block 37 End is retracted in the wears groove 35, in addition, at this time;Second power supply hole 101 is mismatched with the power supply column 33, and described first Power supply hole 34 is in off-position;

When electric automobile needs charging, first, the gripping frame 23 is gripped so that the charging head 24 is extend into institute State and coordinate in the first power supply hole 34, after the charging head 24 coordinates with first power supply hole 34, control second motor 303 work, drive the 3rd threaded rod 304 to rotate by second motor 303, and the 3rd threaded rod 304 rotates driving The riser 51 slides to the left, and the riser 51 slides to the left drives the transverse slat 52 also to slide to the left, and the transverse slat 52 is to the left Slide so that the pressing surface 372 of 52 left end of transverse slat is abutted against with the face 371 that compresses, the 3rd threaded rod 304 continues The riser 51 is driven to slide to the left so that the slide plate 38 overcomes the pressure on top surface of the top pressure spring 39 and to the limiting slot Slideslip in 36,37 outboard end of clamping block are slided into the wears groove 35, and 37 medial extremity of clamping block is extend at this time In lock slots 25 on the charging head 24, when the riser 51 slides into the left-most position of the vertical slot 302 to the left, control Make second motor 303 to be stopped, 37 end face outside of clamping block is abutted with 52 inner side end of transverse slat, the lock Determine 37 medial extremity of block to extend into the lock slots 25 and with the lock slots 25 coordinate in place, the charging head 24 is locked In first power supply hole 34, then control first motor 102 to work, described is driven by first motor 102 One threaded rod 103 rotates, and first threaded rod 103, which rotates, drives the power supply 3 to slide to the right, and the power supply 3 is to the right Slide and drive the charging part 2 to slide to the right, first threaded rod 103 drives 104 turns of the lower bevel gear while rotation Dynamic, the lower bevel gear 104, which rotates, drives the upper bevel gear 144 to rotate, and the upper bevel gear 144, which rotates, drives described second Threaded rod 141 rotates, and second threaded rod 141, which rotates, drives 142 upward sliding of shield, when the power supply 3 is slided When moving the right-most position of the sliding cavity 11, at this time, the shield 142 moves upwards and extend into the plate access slot 15 The slotting chamber 12 to be covered, the semicircle card slot 4 at this time blocks the charging wire 22 for middle cooperation, and the power supply column 33 is stretched Enter into second power supply hole 101 to coordinate and be powered, first power supply hole 34 is in "on" position and electric automobile is carried out Charging;

After electric automobile charging complete, the work of the first motor 102 reversion is controlled, by first motor 102 First threaded rod 103 is driven to rotate, first threaded rod 103, which rotates, drives the power supply 3 to slide to the left, the confession Electric portion 3 is slided to the left drives the charging part 2 also to slide to the left, first threaded rod 103 driven while rotation it is described under Bevel gear 104 rotates, and the lower bevel gear 104, which rotates, drives the upper bevel gear 144 to rotate, and the upper bevel gear 144 rotates Second threaded rod 141 is driven to rotate, second threaded rod 141, which rotates, drives 142 slide downward of shield, works as institute When stating power supply 3 and sliding into the left-most position of the sliding cavity 11, at this time, the shield 142 moves downward disengaging and institute State the cooperation of plate access slot 15 and be retracted in the masking board slot 14, so as to the slotting chamber 12 be opened, the semicircle card slot 4 The charging wire 22 is unclamped at this time, the power supply column 33 slides the cooperation departed from second power supply hole 101 to the left, so that Obtaining first power supply hole 34 and be in off-position, upper sliding 31 left end of section slides into the slotting chamber 12 to the left, then, Second motor 303 work reversion is controlled, drives the 3rd threaded rod 304 to rotate by second motor 303, described the Three threaded rods 304, which rotate, drives the riser 51 to slide to the right, and the riser 51 slides to the right so that the slide plate 38 is described Under the pressure on top surface of top pressure spring 39 and to the 36 outer Slideslip of limiting slot, 37 outboard end of clamping block is to outside the wears groove 35 Slide and extend into the translot 301, when the riser 51 slides into the right the right-most position of the vertical slot 302, control Make second motor 303 to be stopped, at this time, 37 medial extremity of clamping block departs from the cooperation with the lock slots 25, institute The disengaging of 37 end face outside of clamping block is stated to abut with 52 inner side end of transverse slat and abut with the outer end wall of the wears groove 35, it is described Charging head 24 is unlocked, and finally grips the gripping frame 23 pulling out to the left the charging head 24 to depart from and described first The cooperation of power supply hole 34, so as to complete to charge, first power supply hole 34 is in off-position at this time, therefore is not in accident Generation electric shock accidents.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

1. when power supply is in the left-most position of sliding cavity, shield is in masking board slot, upper sliding section left end Slide into slotting chamber, and riser is in the right-most position of vertical slot, clamping block is protruding due to the pressure on top surface of top pressure spring Into wears groove, and the end face outside of clamping block is abutted with the outer end wall of wears groove, and clamping block medial extremity is retracted in wears groove, at this time; Second power supply hole is mismatched with power supply column, and the first power supply hole is in off-position, therefore, charging of the people in plug electric automobile Danger Electric shock risk will not be produced during head, improves the security of electric automobile charging.

2. being coordinated by the way that charging head is extend into the first power supply hole, control the second motor work, is driven by the second motor Riser slides to the left, and slip band motion plate also slides riser to the left to the left, and transverse slat slides to the left so that clamping block medial extremity stretches into Into lock slots, when riser slides into the left-most position of vertical slot to the left, the second motor of control is stopped, on the outside of clamping block End face is abutted with transverse slat inner side end, and clamping block medial extremity extend into lock slots and coordinates in place with lock slots, will charging Head is locked in the first power supply hole, then controls the first motor to work, and is slided to the right by the first motor driving power supply, power supply Sliding to the right drives charging part to slide to the right, and the first threaded rod drives the second threaded rod to rotate while rotation, the second threaded rod Driving shield upward sliding is rotated, when power supply slides into the right-most position of sliding cavity, at this time, shield extend into plate Coordinate in access slot slotting chamber to be covered, semicircle card slot blocks charging wire, and power supply column, which extend into coordinate in the second power supply hole, to be led to Electricity, the first power supply hole are in "on" position so as to charge to electric automobile.

3. being horizontally slipped by the second motor pushing riser, so as to fulfill the unlock to charging head and locking work, pass through First motor pushing power supply horizontally slips, and so as to fulfill the powered off and on of the first power supply hole, realization automatically controls, and is powering Shield upward sliding while portion is slided to the right, so that slotting chamber is covered and will by shield while the first power supply hole is powered Charging wire blocks, and to prevent that charging part is unplugged or is destroyed when electric automobile is charged, security protection is good.

4. overall structure of the present invention is simple, stabilization safe for operation, cost is more cheap, and convenient for installation and maintenance, operation letter It is single, it can realize the continuity of electric automobile charging, prevent midway charging from disconnecting, be adapted to promote the use of.

Basic principle, main feature and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent defines.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of new-energy automobile charging unit, including cylinder and the sliding cavity that is arranged in the cylinder, the cylinder are left Upper lateral part is provided with slotting chamber, can be slidingly provided with the sliding cavity to match somebody with somebody with the charging part for being connected new-energy automobile The power supply of connection is closed, the power supply includes downslide section and the upper sliding section being fixedly connected with the downslide section, institute State and be provided with the first power supply hole on the left of sliding section, right side is provided with power supply column, is additionally provided with the upper sliding section to incite somebody to action The locking member of charging part locking, the sliding cavity right upper portion be provided with it is opposite with the power supply column and to it is described Power the second power supply hole that column is connected, the sliding cavity lower right side is provided with the first motor, on the left of the sliding cavity under Gear grooved is provided with the cylinder in portion, the first threaded rod, first spiral shell are connected with the output shaft of first motor Inner wall of the rasp bar left end through the gear grooved and the sliding cavity is simultaneously extended in the gear grooved, first screw thread Bar is rotatably assorted connection by clutch shaft bearing, first threaded rod also extend through the downslide section and with the downslide section spiral shell Line is connected, and one end that first threaded rod is extended in the gear grooved is fixedly installed lower bevel gear, the gear A masking board slot is provided between groove and the slotting chamber, by second bearing rotatably arranged with having second in the masking board slot Threaded rod, described cover in board slot are additionally provided with the masking that can be slided up and down and be connected with the second threaded rod thread fitting Plate, one end that the second threaded rod lower end extends in the gear grooved and extends in the gear grooved be fixedly installed with The intermeshing upper bevel gear of lower bevel gear, be provided with the roof of the slotting chamber it is opposite with the masking board slot and with institute State matched plate access slot at the top of shield.
2. new-energy automobile charging unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The charging part includes main part, The main part left upper portion is provided with the charging wire being connected with electric automobile, and the main part left side central portion is provided with gripping Frame, the main part right side central are provided with the charging head coordinated with first power supply hole, the upper and lower both sides pair of the charging head Title is provided with lock slots, and the gripping frame and the main part are insulator, and the charging wire is connected with the charging head electric wire, The oblique surface to be guided when extending into first power supply hole is provided with the right side of the charging head.
3. new-energy automobile charging unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The locking member includes symmetrically setting Put above and below first power supply hole both sides it is described translot in sliding section, be provided with connection on the right side of two translots The vertical slot of two translots, riser can be slidingly provided with the vertical slot, and upper and lower ends are symmetrical on the left of the riser Be provided with the transverse slat extending into the translot, the riser right side central is provided with the 3rd threaded hole, on the right side of the vertical slot in Portion is provided with the second motor, and the 3rd spiral shell being connected with the 3rd threaded hole is connected with the output shaft of second motor Rasp bar, first power supply hole are symmetrically arranged with wears groove in both sides up and down, and the wears groove is communicated with the translot, the groove of the wears groove The limiting slot communicated with the wears groove is provided with wall, is slidably provided with clamping block in the wears groove, outside the clamping block It is fixedly installed a slide plate that can be slided in the limiting slot week, is additionally provided with the limiting slot to slide plate described in top pressure Top pressure spring, be provided with inclined conducting on the clamping block inner side end, be provided with and compress on the right side of the clamping block outboard end Face, it is also exhausted that the left end of the transverse slat, which is provided with the pressing surface for compressing face and being mutually slidably connected, the clamping block, Edge body.
4. new-energy automobile charging unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The crown center of the shield is set It is equipped with and the matched semicircle card slot of the charging wire.
5. new-energy automobile charging unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The shield is in the masking The top end face of the shield is flushed with the bottom wall of the slotting chamber when in board slot, and the upper sliding section left end slides into the slotting chamber When middle the left side of the upper sliding section with it is described masking board slot right side wall flush and the left side of the upper sliding section also with The right side wall of the plate access slot flushes,
6. new-energy automobile charging unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second power supply hole and alternating current phase Even, the power supply column is connected with the first power supply hole electric wire.
CN201710369878.6A 2017-05-23 2017-05-23 A kind of new-energy automobile charging unit CN107097676B (en)

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