CN107043990A - Flexible and stretchable temperature sensor in knitted structure - Google Patents

Flexible and stretchable temperature sensor in knitted structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107043990A
CN107043990A CN201710183594.8A CN201710183594A CN107043990A CN 107043990 A CN107043990 A CN 107043990A CN 201710183594 A CN201710183594 A CN 201710183594A CN 107043990 A CN107043990 A CN 107043990A
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China
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temperature sensor
temperature
flexible
stretchable
fibers
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CN201710183594.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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李乔
丁辛
张丽娜
王宇驰
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东华大学
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Priority to CN201710183594.8A priority Critical patent/CN107043990A/en
Publication of CN107043990A publication Critical patent/CN107043990A/en

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/22Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting goods of particular configuration
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/20Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes specially adapted for knitting articles of particular configuration
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01KMEASURING TEMPERATURE; MEASURING QUANTITY OF HEAT; THERMALLY-SENSITIVE ELEMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01K7/00Measuring temperature based on the use of electric or magnetic elements directly sensitive to heat ; Power supply, e.g. by thermoelectric elements
    • G01K7/16Measuring temperature based on the use of electric or magnetic elements directly sensitive to heat ; Power supply, e.g. by thermoelectric elements using resistive elements
    • G01K7/22Measuring temperature based on the use of electric or magnetic elements directly sensitive to heat ; Power supply, e.g. by thermoelectric elements using resistive elements the element being a non-linear resistance, e.g. thermistor
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/10Inorganic fibres based on non-oxides other than metals
    • D10B2101/12Carbon; Pitch
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/10Inorganic fibres based on non-oxides other than metals
    • D10B2101/12Carbon; Pitch
    • D10B2101/122Nanocarbons
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/10Inorganic fibres based on non-oxides other than metals
    • D10B2101/14Carbides; Nitrides; Silicides; Borides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/20Metallic fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/16Physical properties antistatic; conductive

Abstract

The invention relates to a flexible and stretchable temperature sensor in a knitted structure. The temperature sensor comprises a base body. The base body is made of a knitted fabric; and thermosensitivity fibers are integrated to the base body via a knitting technology. The flexible and stretchable temperature sensor can be comfortably applied to a human body or an organism body surface; and an aim of long-time and real-time human body temperature monitoring can be achieved.

Description

一种针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器 A hosiery garment flexible stretchable structure temperature sensor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及温度传感器技术领域,特别是涉及一种针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a temperature sensor technology, and more particularly, to a flexible knit structure stretchable temperature sensor.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人体基本生理信号包括温度、心电、呼吸和血压等,其中温度生理信号在健康护理中起着举足轻重的作用。 [0002] Basic human physiological signals include temperature, ECG, respiration and blood pressure, wherein the temperature of the physiological signal plays an important role in health care. 人体通过调节其皮肤不同部位的温度,来实现和环境的热交互和传递。 Adjusting the temperature of the body through which different parts of the skin, and to achieve the heat transfer interaction and environment. 通过对人体体温进行实时连续监测,不仅能判断被测试者是否有发烧发热,还可以对测得的数据处理和分析,为人们的日常生活、疾病的诊断及治疗提供更多指导。 Through continuous monitoring of body temperature in real time, not only can be tested to determine whether there is fever fever, also for data processing and analysis measured to provide more guidance for daily life, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of people. 例如为备孕期的女性提供受孕时间的指导,増加受孕的机率;为特殊病人提供特定的用药治疗方案;手术过程中和手术结束后的生命监护;康复期预防感染;老人及婴幼儿的家庭健康监护等。 For example, providing women prepare pregnancy guidance conception of time, enlargement of the probability of plus pregnancy; provide a specific drug treatment for a particular patient; life care during surgery and after the surgery; rehabilitation to prevent infection; the elderly and infants Family Health custody.

[0003] 目前,温度传感器的研究现状是:临床上通常通过测量包括口腔、直肠、腋窝、耳朵、鼓膜、鼻咽、腹股沟、额头、食道、肺动脉、膀胱、以及阴道和拇指在内的13个部位的温度来代表生理学中的体温。 [0003] Currently, research status of the temperature sensor are: the clinical measurement typically by including oral, rectal, armpit, ear, tympanic membrane, nasopharynx, groin, forehead, esophagus, pulmonary, urinary bladder, vagina and thumb and including 13 temperature to represent parts of the physiology of the body temperature. 在慢性疾病中,皮肤温度显得比体内温度更为重要,因为皮肤温度的分布,在很大程度上反映了机体局部血流量的不同,例如,皮肤血管收缩时,皮肤温度下降,反应了皮肤血流量的减少。 In chronic diseases, skin temperature is more important than the body temperature, because the distribution of skin temperature, largely reflecting the blood flow in different parts of the body, e.g., the skin is vasoconstriction, decreased skin temperature, skin blood reaction reduce traffic. 皮肤温度的测量可通过分布在人体身上的温度传感器来实现,即将15个温度传感器分布在人体的头部、胸部、后背、胃部、臀部、左(右)上肢、左(右)下肢等处。 Measuring the skin temperature distribution may be achieved by a temperature sensor in the human body, i.e. the temperature sensors 15 located in the body of the head, chest, back, stomach, hips, left (right) upper limb, the left (right) lower extremities place. 根据使用目的的不同,已设计制造出多种温度计。 Depending on the purpose of use, it has been designed and manufactured a variety of thermometers. 其设计的依据有:利用固体、液体、气体受温度的影响而热胀冷缩的现象;在定容条件下,气体(或蒸气压强因不同温度而变化;热电效应的作用;电阻随温度的变化而变化;热辐射的影响等。目前的温度传感器有玻璃温度计、热电偶式、电阻式、电容式、二极管/三极管、相变式、以及非接触式的红外线测温仪等。这些测温仪大都以坚硬的材质组成,缺乏柔性、舒适性等特点,不能满足长期监控人体皮肤温度的要求。为此,国内外学者依赖于柔性导电复合材料(如石墨/硅胶和碳纳米管复合材料等)。根据其导电性与温度的关系,制备了一系列的柔性电阻式温度传感器。另夕卜,也有一些柔性基的热电偶式、电容式、二极管/三极管、薄膜电化学温度传感器等。但是, 它们在灵敏性、温度响应时间、环境的稳定性、以及多点测量中存在很大问题。 Depending on the design thereof are: the use of a solid, liquid, gas affected by the phenomenon of thermal expansion and contraction of the temperature; under constant volume conditions, the gas (or vapor pressure changes due to different temperatures; effect thermoelectric effect; resistance with temperature change change; the influence of heat radiation of a temperature sensor like the current glass thermometers, thermocouples, resistive, capacitive, diode / transistors, phase-change, and a non-contact infrared thermometer for these detectors. instrument mostly in the hard material composition, lack of flexibility, comfort, etc., can not meet the requirements of long-term monitoring of human skin temperature. to this end, scholars rely on flexible conductive composite material (such as graphite / carbon nanotube composite materials and silicone ). the relationship between the electrical conductivity and temperature, a series of flexible resistive temperature sensors, but prepared. another Bu Xi, there are some groups of flexible thermocouple, condenser, diode / transistors, the thin film electrochemical sensor temperature. they sensitivity response time, temperature, there is a big problem of environmental stability, and multi-point measurement.

[0004] 基于织物的温度传感器具有透气、柔软、可拉伸及可洗涤的优点,因此很适用于可穿戴移动式体温监测设备。 [0004] based on the temperature sensor having the textile breathable, soft, stretchable and advantages washable, so it is suitable for temperature monitoring wearable mobile device. 现阶段,主要利用已有的温度传感器,将其嵌入到织物中实现织物传感器,其制备方式有:缝合在织物衬底上、通过复杂的织物组织将其包覆在织物中、或者以纱线的形式织入织物中。 At this stage, the primary use of the existing temperature sensors, to embed it into the fabric to achieve the fabric sensor, preparation methods are: sewn on the fabric substrate via a complex weave which is covered in a fabric, or the yarn It is woven into the fabric form. 例如专利CN 104264315A公开了温度传感器嵌入织物的方法, 其具体采用双层织物的织造方法,利用双层织物将温度传感器包覆在双层部分,它可以将温度传感器较好的织入织物中,并且双层织物的炜纱为高收缩涤纶长丝,经热处理后可以牢固地包覆在织物中。 For example, a method disclosed in Patent CN 104264315A temperature sensor is embedded in the fabric, the specific method of using a woven fabric of double layer, double layer fabric using a temperature sensor in the double clad portion, it is preferably a temperature sensor may be woven into the fabric, and Wei layer fabric shrinkage polyester filament yarns, after heat treatment can be firmly coated fabric. 但是这种包覆的方法使温度传感器不能接触到皮肤,对体温测量结果的精度产生影响,另外,现有温度传感器的质地坚硬等特征无法改变。 However, this coating process the temperature sensor can not come into contact with the skin, an effect on the accuracy of the temperature measurement results, in addition, conventional temperature sensors and the like, hard texture characteristic can not be changed. 因此,开发透气、柔性、大变形、耐洗涤、耐疲劳、灵敏度高且可精确测量体温的织物基温度传感器非常有意义。 Thus, the development of gas-permeable, flexible, large deformation resistance, washing resistance, fatigue resistance, high sensitivity and can accurately measure the temperature of the base fabric temperature sensor is very meaningful.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,能舒适地紧密贴合人体或生物体表,实现长期、实时监测人体温度的目的。 [0005] The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide a flexible knit structure stretchable temperature sensor, comfortably close fit table body or organism and achieve the purpose of long-term, real-time monitoring of body temperature.

[0006] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:提供一种针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,包括基体,所述基体为针织面料,通过针织技术将温敏纤维集成到基体中。 [0006] The present invention solves the technical solution of the technical problem is that: provide a knit structure of flexible stretchable temperature sensor, comprising a base, the base is a knitted fabric, by knitting techniques temperature sensitive fibers integrated into the matrix.

[0007] 所述温敏纤维通过经编或纬编的针织方法集成到基体中。 [0007] The temperature sensitive integrated into the matrix fibers by knitting warp or weft method.

[0008] 所述温敏纤维通过针织技术以三维线圈的形式集成到基体中。 [0008] The temperature sensitive fibers by knitting technology into a three-dimensional matrix to form a coil.

[0009] 所述针织面料为炜编结构或经编结构。 The [0009] Wei knitted fabric is warp knitting structure or a structure.

[0010] 所述针织面料为纤维材料。 The [0010] knitted fabric is a fibrous material.

[0011] 所述纤维材料为天然纤维材料或化学纤维材料。 The [0011] material is a natural fiber or a chemical fiber material, the fiber material.

[0012]所述温敏纤维由金属材料、导电高聚物或涂层的导电纤维制成。 [0012] The temperature sensitive fibers made of a metal material, conductive fibers or conductive polymer coating.

[0013] 有益效果 [0013] beneficial effects

[00M]由于采用了上述的技术方案,本发明与现有技术相比,具有以下的优点和积极效果:本发明可将温敏纤维以三维线圈的方式集成到针织面料中,制备的温度传感器具有高度可靠性、机械柔韧性、可拉伸性及可洗涤性,能舒适地紧密贴合人体或生物体表,实现长期、实时监测人体温度的目的。 [00M] By adopting the technical solution of the present invention compared to the prior art, has the following advantages and positive effects: the present invention can be temperature sensitive fibers into a three-dimensional knitted fabric integrated coils, a temperature sensor prepared high reliability, mechanical flexibility, stretchability and washing may, comfortably close fit table body or organism and achieve the purpose of long-term, real-time monitoring of body temperature. 作为可穿戴温度生理监控装置,不仅对慢性疾病患者以及潜在危险人群有显著治疗和提早预防的作用,也可用于健康以及亚健康人群的基本日常生活健康护理中,尤其适用于对老人和孩子的健康监护。 As wearable temperature physiological monitoring device, not only a significant treatment and the role of early prevention of chronic disease and the potential risk groups, it can also be used for health and health groups of basic daily life health care, especially for the elderly and children health care.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015]图1是实施例1的结构示意图; [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment;

[0016]图2是实施例2的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2;

[0017]图3是实施例3的结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 3;

[0018]图4-图6是实施例4的结构示意图。 [0018] Figures 4-6 are schematic structural diagram of a fourth embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019]下面结合具体实施例,进一步阐述本发明。 [0019] The following embodiments with reference to specific embodiments, further illustrate the present invention. 应理解,这些实施例仅用于说明本发明而不用于限制本发明的范围。 It should be understood that these embodiments are illustrative only and the present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. 此外应理解,在阅读了本发明讲授的内容之后,本领域技术人员可以对本发明作各种改动或修改,这些等价形式同样落于本申请所附权利要求书所限定的范围。 Furthermore, it should be understood that, after reading the teachings of the present invention, those skilled in the art that various changes or modifications may be made to the present invention, and these equivalents also fall within the scope of the appended claims of the present application as defined.

[002°]本发明的实施方式涉及一种针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,包括基体,所述基体为针织面料,通过针织技术将温敏纤维集成到基体中。 [002 °] embodiment of the present invention relates to a knit structure stretchable flexible temperature sensor, comprising a base, the base is a knitted fabric, by knitting techniques temperature sensitive integrated into the matrix fibers. 其中,所述温敏纤维可以通过经编或炜编的针织方法集成到基体中,可借助于任意圆机、横机、经编机、袜机等将所述温敏纤维以三维线圈的形式集成到基体中。 Wherein said temperature-sensitive fibers may be integrated by warp knitting or knitting method of Wei, into the matrix, by means of any circular knitting machine, knitting machine, knitting machine, hosiery or the like of the temperature sensitive fiber coil to form a three-dimensional integrated into the matrix. / /

[0021]所述针织材料包括纬编、经编等任意结构,如纬平针、罗纹、双罗纹、双反面、编链、 经平、经缎、衬炜、衬垫、集圈等。 The [0021] woven material structures comprise any weft, warp, and, as weft plain stitch, rib, interlock stitch, purl, chain knitting, tricot, satin, Wei liner, liner, tuck and the like. 所述针织材料为纤维材料,包括任意天然纤维和化学纤维i 如棉、毛、蚕丝、人造丝、聚酯、聚酰胺和由嵌段共聚物制成的聚氨酯弹性纤维等。 The knitted material is a fiber material comprising any natural fiber and chemical fiber i such as cotton, wool, silk, rayon, polyester, polyamide and polyurethane elastic fiber made from a block copolymer.

[0022]所述温敏纤维的阻值随温度的变化而变化,可以由金属材料、导电高聚物或涂层H、J寸电计维制放。 [0022] The resistance of the temperature sensitive fibers varies with temperature, can, J inch dimension electrocardiograph made of a metallic material discharge, or a conductive polymer coating H. 兵屮,偶仞利以疋锞丝、铂丝、铜丝等;导电高聚物可以是/硅胶复合材料、石墨/硅胶复合材料、碳纳米管复合材料、聚p比略/娃胶、pED〇T: pss等;涂层的导电纤维可以是银/尼龙纤维等。 Cao soldiers, even Ren Lee Cloth ingot to wire, platinum wire, copper and the like; may be a conductive polymer / silica composites, graphite / silica gel composite material, carbon nanotube composite, poly p ratio slightly / Wa gum, pED 〇T: pss like; conductive fibers of the coating may be silver / nylon fibers and the like.

[0023]下面通过几个实施例来进一步说明本发明。 [0023] Next, several embodiments of the present invention will be further illustrated.

[0024]实施例1:针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器 [0024] Example 1: a flexible knit structure stretchable temperature sensor

[0025]以镍丝(直径:25wn,盐城宇恒电热科技有限公司)为温敏纤维,利用电脑控制的横机(机号:14)将其以线圈的形式与聚酰胺和弹性纤维相互串套形成衬炜组织结构的柔性可拉伸温度传感器(图1),其中,黑色纱线为温敏纤维,其余为基底。 [0025] In nickel wire (diameter: 25wn, Yancheng Yuheng Electric Co., Ltd.) as a temperature sensitive fibers, using a computer-controlled knitting machine (machine No: 14) which was in the form of coil with the polyamide fibers to each other and an elastic string a flexible sleeve formed of stretchable backing structure Wei temperature sensor (FIG. 1), wherein the black fiber yarns are temperature sensitive, the remainder of the substrate. 借助于弹性纤维良好的拉伸回复性,该温度传感器有良好的拉伸和反复拉伸的机械性能。 By means of a good stretch recovery properties of the elastic fiber, the temperature sensor has a good tensile and mechanical properties of the stretched repeatedly. 该温度传感器的灵敏度约为0.006 IT1,与普通镍丝的灵敏度一致。 The sensitivity of the temperature sensor is about 0.006 IT1, consistent with normal sensitivity nickel wire.

[0026]实施例2:可洗涤织物温度传感器 Washable fabric temperature sensor: [0026] Example 2

[0027]温敏纤维的选择:选用金属纤维铂丝(直径:20wn,上海凯泰仪表有限公司),其电阻随温度的变化而变化,且近似线性关系,g卩即P = P〇(l+at),式中,t为某时刻摄氏温度,Po 为铂丝纤维在0°C时的电阻率,a为材料的电阻温度系数(表示当温度变化1°C时,材料电阻值的相对变化),P为材料在t°C时的电阻率。 [0027] temperature sensitive fibers selection: selection of metal fibers platinum wire (diameter: 20wn, the Hai Kaitai Instrument Co., Ltd.), whose resistance varies with temperature, and the approximate linear relationship, g P〇 Jie i.e., P = (L + at), where, t is a time Celsius, Po is the resistance of platinum wire fibers at at 0 ° C, a is the temperature coefficient of resistance material (expressed when the temperature changes 1 ° C, relative resistance values ​​of a material change), P is the resistivity of the material at the time of t ° C.

[0028]柔性温度传感器的制备:采用针织技术,将金属纤维以三维线圈的形式集成到任一结构的针织面料中,如平纹组织(图2),其中,黑色纱线为温敏纤维,其余为基底。 [0028] Preparation of a flexible temperature sensor: using knitting technology, the integration of metal fibers either in the form of a three-dimensional knitted fabric of a coil structure, such as a plain weave (FIG. 2), wherein the black fiber yarns are temperature sensitive, the remaining as a substrate.

[0029]柔性温度传感器的洗涤测试:制备的针织结构温度传感器,在多次洗涤后,其温度系数为0 • 0036XT1,与初始温敏系数一致。 [0029] Testing of the flexible washing temperature sensors: a temperature sensor knit structure is prepared, after washing several times, the temperature coefficient is 0 • 0036XT1, consistent with the initial temperature sensitive coefficient.

[0030]实施例3: [0030] Example 3:

[0031]提供一种经平组织结构的针织基柔性温度传感器。 [0031] to provide a temperature sensor is a flexible substrate knit weave structure. 以铜丝(直径:5〇Wn,上海金恒超细漆包线有限公司)为温敏纤维,利用电脑控制的横机(机号:I4)将其以线圈的形式与聚酰胺相互串套形成经平组织结构的针织结构温度传感器,如图3所示,其中,黑色纱线为温敏纤维,其余为基底。 In wire (diameter: 5〇Wn, Shanghai Heng ultrafine gold enameled Ltd.) as temperature sensitive fibers, using a computer-controlled knitting machine (gauge: I4) with the polyamide to form sets of strings each forming a coil tricot knitting structure temperature sensor structure, as shown in Figure 3, where the black yarns are temperature sensitive fibers, the remainder of the substrate.

[0032] 实施例4: [0032] Example 4:

[0033]提供一种针织基柔性温度传感器。 [0033] The flexible substrate to provide a knitting temperature sensor. 以银涂层的尼龙纤维(直径:2〇〇D,厦门嘉联恒进出口有限公司)为温敏纤维,利用电脑控制的横机(机号:14)将其以线圈的形式与聚酷相互串套形成任意针织结构的柔性可拉伸温度传感器,如经缎组织(图4)、集圈组织(图5)和衬垫组织(图6)等,其中,黑色纱线为温敏纤维,其余为基底。 Silver coating to nylon fibers (diameter: 2〇〇D, Xiamen Jia Lianheng CO., LTD) is a temperature sensitive fibers, using a computer-controlled knitting machine (machine No: 14) which was in the form of a coil cool poly each sleeve is formed of any flexible string knit structure stretchable temperature sensors, such as satin tissue (FIG. 4), the tuck stitch (FIG. 5) and spacer tissue (FIG. 6), wherein the temperature sensitive black fiber yarns , the remainder of the substrate.

Claims (5)

1.—种针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,包括基体,其特征在于,所述基体为针织面料,通过针织技术将温敏纤维集成到基体中。 1.- kinds of knit structure stretchable flexible temperature sensor, comprising a substrate, wherein said substrate is a knitted fabric, by knitting techniques temperature sensitive integrated into the matrix fibers.
2.的针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,其特征在于,所述温敏纤维通过经编或纬编的针织方法集成至u基体;中。 2. The flexible knit structure stretchable temperature sensor, wherein said temperature sensitive fibers integrated by knitting warp or weft method to the matrix u; of.
3.根据权利要求1所述的针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,其特征在于,所述温敏纤维通过针织技术以三维线圈的形式集成到基体中。 3. The structure of claim 1 knitted according to claim stretchable flexible temperature sensor, wherein said temperature sensitive fibers in the form of a three-dimensional coil integrated into the matrix by knitting techniques.
4.根据权利要求1所述的针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,其特征在于,所述针麵料为纬编结构或经编结构。 4. The flexible stretchable knit structure of the temperature sensor according to claim 1, wherein said fabric is a weft needle structure or a warp knit structure.
5.根据权利要求1所述的针织结构柔性可拉伸温度传感器,其特征在于,所述针织面料为纤维材料。 The knit construction according to claim 1, said flexible stretchable temperature sensor, wherein said knitted fabric is a fibrous material. 为天ysss,勾綱拉伸温度传感器,其特征在于,所述纤酬由金:伸温度《器,征在于,所述温敏纤维 For the day ysss, hook outline drawing temperature sensor, wherein said fiber pay gold: stretching temperature "device, characterized in that said temperature sensitive fibers
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CN107467727A (en) * 2017-10-10 2017-12-15 东华大学 Intelligent garment of integrated spinning base temperature sensing network

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US6341504B1 (en) * 2001-01-31 2002-01-29 Vivometrics, Inc. Composite elastic and wire fabric for physiological monitoring apparel
CN1882280A (en) * 2003-05-19 2006-12-20 智能生活技术有限公司 Knitted transducer devices
CN103882730A (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-25 英特尔公司 Sensing and responsive fabric

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6341504B1 (en) * 2001-01-31 2002-01-29 Vivometrics, Inc. Composite elastic and wire fabric for physiological monitoring apparel
CN1882280A (en) * 2003-05-19 2006-12-20 智能生活技术有限公司 Knitted transducer devices
CN103882730A (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-25 英特尔公司 Sensing and responsive fabric

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107467727A (en) * 2017-10-10 2017-12-15 东华大学 Intelligent garment of integrated spinning base temperature sensing network

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