CN107034646B - Marine clothing drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device - Google Patents

Marine clothing drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107034646B
CN107034646B CN201610739769.4A CN201610739769A CN107034646B CN 107034646 B CN107034646 B CN 107034646B CN 201610739769 A CN201610739769 A CN 201610739769A CN 107034646 B CN107034646 B CN 107034646B
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flow fan
air
cross flow
box body
air guide
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CN107034646A (en
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朱向蒙
张晓红
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/10Drying cabinets or drying chambers having heating or ventilating means
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/20General details of domestic laundry dryers 
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/20General details of domestic laundry dryers 
    • D06F58/203Laundry conditioning arrangements

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Accessory Of Washing/Drying Machine, Commercial Washing/Drying Machine, Other Washing/Drying Machine (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of clothes drying and sterilizing, and discloses a drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothes, which structurally comprises at least one of a drying unit A and a drying unit B; the drying unit A is provided with a first cross-flow fan and a first electric heater, and one or more vertical air guide pipes are arranged below the cross-flow fan and the first electric heater. A ventilating duct is arranged in the drying unit B, and the second cross flow fan and the second electric heater are positioned above the ventilating duct; the front side of the ventilation pipeline is also provided with a plurality of air outlet holes, and at least one of the shelf and the hook is arranged, the hook and the interior of the shelf are of hollow structures, and the rear end of the hook is fixed at the front side of the ventilation pipeline to seal the air outlet holes; the shelf and the hook are provided with openings. This device utilizes the clothing to form airflow channel to can form inside air current circulation in the box, kill the microorganism in the drying, get rid of the peculiar smell, efficient, effectual is applicable to the service environment of boats and ships.

Description

Marine clothing drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a clothes drying, deodorizing and sterilizing device, in particular to a clothes drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for a ship.
Background
In the prior art, clothes are dried by placing the clothes on a clothes rack and then blowing hot air from the upper part or the lower part for drying; and simultaneously, an ultraviolet lamp, an ozone generating device and active carbon are arranged for sterilization or deodorization.
Conventional fabrics such as cotton cloth and chemical fiber materials are permeable to air and water, and after the surface is dried, moisture inside the clothes can permeate and be evaporated, so that drying, sterilization and deodorization can be achieved by the above method.
The marine clothes such as diving suits, operation suits, etc. are made of thick and compact materials due to the particularity of the using conditions, and are not permeable to air and water. And in many application occasions, the clothes are not dried after being washed like common clothes. Meanwhile, the marine clothes are stuffy when being worn, and peculiar smell is generated due to sweat. In addition, when the shoes are used on water, the humidity is high, and the shoes and the gloves need to be dried to avoid breeding bacteria and generating peculiar smell.
The conventional clothes dryer can dry only the outer surface thereof due to the air flow manner thereof, but cannot dry the inner side of the marine clothes. The drying method is limited by the airflow flowing mode, and the hot air cannot be used for blasting the inside of the clothes quickly and effectively to realize quick drying; and because of being limited by the airflow flowing mode, the peculiar smell substances in the clothes are difficult to be directly taken out of the clothes by the airflow and can only be discharged out of the clothes in a diffusion mode, so that the peculiar smell substances are adsorbed and stay on the outer layer of the clothes, and the discharge efficiency is low. In addition, ultraviolet rays have poor permeability, and ozone molecules are difficult to enter the inside of the laundry, so that it is difficult to achieve sterilization of the inner layer of the laundry.
When used on ships, the marine clothes drying device is required to be small in size, high in efficiency and high in drying speed due to the limitations of environment, place and emission.
Therefore, when the air flow is used for drying, sterilizing and deodorizing clothes, a reasonable air flow mode is very important, and therefore, a clothes drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device which fully optimizes the air flow mode needs to be designed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothes, which solves the problem that the conventional clothes drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device cannot effectively and quickly dry the clothes and can sufficiently sterilize and deodorize all parts of the clothes.
The technical scheme of the invention is that the marine clothes drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device comprises at least one of a drying unit A and a drying unit B;
the drying unit A structurally comprises a hollow first box body with a cabinet door A; a first cross flow fan is arranged above the inner part of the first box body;
the outlet of the first cross flow fan is positioned at the lower part, and the air outlet is in the vertical direction; a first electric heater is arranged below an air outlet of the first cross flow fan; one or more vertical air guide pipes are arranged below the air outlet of the first cross flow fan and the first electric heater; the two ends of the air guide pipe are communicated, the upper end of the air guide pipe is close to the air outlet of the first cross flow fan, the lower end of the air guide pipe is provided with a clothes hanger, and the clothes hanger and the air guide pipe can be integrated. When in use, clothes are hung on the clothes rack, and the air guide pipe extends into the clothes from the collar for drying. The wall edge of the lower part of the air guide pipe is provided with an air blowing hole of the air guide pipe, so that the air flow can open the clothes to dry the dead angle areas such as collar, sleeves and the like.
The bottom of the first box body is provided with a fume hood, the fume hood is close to the back side of the first box body, the top opening is communicated with the first box body, and a small fan is arranged at the lower part in the fume hood; a bent ventilation pipe communicated with the ventilation cabinet is arranged outside the side wall of the ventilation cabinet facing the cabinet door A; the bent ventilation pipe is bent upwards, the top of the bent ventilation pipe is opened, and a plurality of exhaust grooves (for preventing the noise of air flow) are arranged on the pipe wall close to the top; the number of the bent air ducts is one or more.
A first ozone generator is further arranged in the first box body, can be placed in the ventilation cabinet and is positioned above the small fan. One or more ultraviolet lamps are also arranged in the first box body; the ultraviolet lamp can be fixed on the inner side of the cabinet door A, the inside of the fume hood, the outer wall of the fume hood, the inner wall or the bottom of the first box body.
The air guide sleeve A is connected below the air outlet of the first cross flow fan of the preferable drying unit A; the width of an opening at the upper part of the air guide sleeve A is matched with that of an air outlet of the first cross flow fan, and the width of an opening at the lower part of the air guide sleeve A is larger than that of the opening at the upper part; the first electric heater is positioned in the air guide sleeve A. A plurality of air guide pipe fixing plates with through holes are arranged below the first cross flow fan, are positioned below the air guide sleeve A and are vertical to the air outlet of the first cross flow fan; the air guide pipes are fixed on the adjacent air guide pipe fixing plates; and a guide rail is arranged below the air guide pipe fixing plate, so that the air guide pipe can move in the guide rail.
A pore plate with small holes is arranged in the first box body at a position close to the bottom plate, and a drain hole is formed in the side wall between the bottom plate of the first box body and the pore plate and used for cleaning and draining water.
The upper edge of the cabinet door A is lower than the air inlet of the first cross flow fan, and the upper part of the cabinet door A is provided with an air outlet A, so that the airflow flows through the maximum path. The top of the first box body is provided with a vent A, the top of the side wall of the first box body is provided with a side vent A, and the vent A and the side vent A are close to an air inlet of the first cross flow fan.
The drying unit B structurally comprises a second box body with a cabinet door B; the second box body is of a hollow structure, and a ventilating pipeline is arranged in the second box body; the lower end, the rear side, the left side and the right side of the ventilating pipeline are connected with the inner wall of the second box body into a whole; a second cross flow fan is arranged at the top of the second box body, an air outlet is positioned at the lower part, and the air outlet direction is vertical; the second cross flow fan is positioned above the ventilation pipeline, and the air outlet direction of the second cross flow fan is in the ventilation pipeline. Below the second cross flow fan is a second electric heater.
The distance between the front side plate and the rear side of the ventilation duct is narrowed from top to bottom. Preferably, the ventilation duct is located on the opposite side of the cabinet door B.
The lower parts of the two sides of the air outlet of the second cross flow fan are connected with a flow guide cover B; the upper opening and the lower opening of the air guide sleeve B are matched with the air outlet of the second cross flow fan, and the width of the lower opening of the air guide sleeve B is larger than that of the upper opening; the lower end of the air guide sleeve B is connected with the air supply channel, the lower ends of the plates on the two sides of the air guide sleeve B are respectively connected with the front side and the rear side of the air supply channel, and the lower end of the air guide sleeve B is matched with the air supply channel, so that the air outlet of the second cross flow fan, the air guide sleeve and the air supply channel are communicated; the second electric heater is positioned in the air guide sleeve B.
A baffle plate is installed at the front side of the second cross flow fan, and the width of the baffle plate is matched with that of the second box body. The baffle is arc or curved ruler shape, and its upper end is connected with the top of second box, and the lower end is connected to the front side of air pipe. Preferably, the baffle is in a curved ruler shape, and the included angle between the upper part of the baffle and the horizontal plane is 75-105 degrees, more preferably 90 degrees; the lower part of the baffle is bent inwards and forms an included angle of 15-75 degrees, preferably 30-60 degrees with the horizontal plane. The lower part of the baffle is provided with an air inlet hole, the air inlet hole is lower than the air outlet of the second cross flow fan, is not on the same plane with the vertical air outlet direction of the second cross flow fan, and is positioned at the outer side of the air outlet of the second cross flow fan.
The front side of the ventilation pipeline is also provided with a plurality of air outlet holes, and the positions of the air outlet holes are lower than the positions of the second cross flow fan and the second electric heater.
At least one of a shelf and a hook is arranged on the front side of the ventilation pipeline, the hook and the interior of the shelf are of hollow structures, and the rear ends of the shelf and the hook are fixed on the front side of the ventilation pipeline to seal the air outlet.
The upper part of the shelf is provided with an air outlet groove; the top opening of the front end of the hook is provided with a plurality of exhaust grooves on the pipe wall close to the top part so as to prevent air from being squeak. Air in the ventilating duct enters the shelf and the hook through the air outlet holes and is blown out from the air outlet groove of the shelf, the top opening of the hook or the exhaust groove.
A second ozone generator and an ultraviolet lamp are arranged in the second box body; the second ozone generator may be fixed to the baffle plate in front of the second cross flow fan. One or more small fans may also be provided in the second enclosure to enhance airflow circulation.
The upper edge of the cabinet door B is lower than the air inlet of the second cross flow fan, and the upper part of the cabinet door B is provided with an air outlet B. The top of the second box body is provided with a vent B, the top of the side wall of the second box body is provided with a side vent B, and the vent B and the side vent B are close to an air inlet of the second cross flow fan.
The material of the first box body and the second box body can adopt stainless steel. A plurality of cushion blocks are arranged below the bottom surfaces of the first box body and the second box body, so that the damage of equipment caused by ship bumping can be avoided, and the functions of shock absorption, buffering and impact resistance are realized. Replaceable activated carbon layers are adhered to the side walls of the first box body and the second box body; the outer layer is covered with a protective plate with holes. The activated carbon layer comprises a breathable bag and activated carbon wrapped in the breathable bag.
The drying unit a may be used for drying, sterilization and deodorization of marine work clothes such as diving suits, waterproof suits; the drying unit B can be used for drying, sterilization and deodorization of small-sized accessories such as gloves, shoes and work caps.
When the clothes drying device is used, the air guide pipe is pulled out along the guide rail at the lower end of the air guide pipe fixing plate, clothes such as working clothes are hung on the clothes hanger below the air guide pipe in the drying unit A, and the air guide pipe extends into the clothes from the neckline. And pushing the air guide pipe below the air guide sleeve A to dry the clothes. After the first cross flow fan sucks air, the air is discharged downwards from an air outlet of the first cross flow fan; after the air is heated by the first electric heater, hot air enters the air guide pipe from the air vent at the top of the first box body, flows out from the opening at the lower end along the air guide pipe, is blown downwards into the clothes to dry the inner side of the clothes, and naturally forms an air channel after flowing through the inside of the clothes; the blowing holes of the air guide pipes at the lower parts of the pipe walls of the air guide pipes blow out part of hot air from the horizontal direction to open the clothes, so that the hot air is blown into sleeves or trouser legs of the clothes. The clothes hung under the air guide pipe are blown into the air guide pipe by hot air, the clothes are spread by the air flow, the interior of the clothes becomes an air flow channel, and the hot air enters the inner side of the clothes from the air guide pipe and flows downwards. The small fan in the bottom fume hood blows air out of the bent pipe on the side face, air flow flows upwards, moisture outside clothes is taken away, and air flow circulation is achieved. In the upward flowing process of the gas with the water vapor, a part of the gas is blown out of the air outlet A of the cabinet door A, and a part of the gas is sucked by the first diversion fan. Ozone molecules generated by a first ozone generator in the fume hood are carried into the air flow, and the inside and the outside of clothes can be deodorized and disinfected. The ultraviolet lamp performs sterilization and disinfection from a plurality of angles to clean air and clothes in the box body. In the drying unit A, the first cross flow fan, the air guide pipe, clothes hung at the lower part of the air guide pipe and the fume hood form internal airflow circulation; at the same time, the air exchange between the inside and outside occurs, and the water vapor is discharged. When more water is stained on the clothes, the water dropping from the clothes flows into the interlayer between the pore plate and the bottom plate of the first box body through the pore plate and flows out of the water outlet. Fresh air enters the box body from a ventilation opening A and a side ventilation opening A at the top of the first box body and is sucked by the first cross flow fan; the gas with water vapor is blown out from the air outlet A of the cabinet door A to exchange the air inside and outside. According to the needs, can also set up more small-size fans in the different positions of first box inside to accelerate the air current circulation.
Gloves or shoes are sleeved on the hooks of the drying unit B, and working caps or other small clothes are placed on the shelves; the second cross flow fan is started, and air is sucked from the air inlet hole of the ventilation pipeline, blown to the lower part of the ventilation pipeline by the second cross flow fan and heated by the second electric heater; ozone molecules generated by the ozone generator are carried by the airflow to diffuse downwards; the hot air carrying ozone molecules enters the cavities of the shelf and the hook from the through holes of the ventilation pipeline respectively, and blows out from the air outlet groove above the shelf and the opening and the air exhaust groove at the front end of the hook to form internal airflow circulation, so that the inside of a drying work cap, gloves and shoes is simultaneously sterilized and deodorized. In the upward flowing process of the gas with the water vapor, a part of the gas is blown out from the air outlet B of the cabinet door B, and a part of the gas is sucked by the second cross flow fan through the air inlet holes at the side part. Fresh air enters the box body from a ventilation opening B at the top of the second box body and a side ventilation opening B and is sucked by the second cross flow fan; and the gas with water vapor is blown out from the air outlet B of the cabinet door B, so that the exchange of internal and external air flows is realized. Ozone molecules generated by the second ozone generator are carried into the airflow, and the inside and the outside of the clothes can be deodorized and disinfected; the ultraviolet lamp can sterilize and disinfect to clean the air and clothes in the box body. One or more small fans may also be provided at various locations within the second enclosure to speed up airflow circulation, as desired.
The drying unit A and the drying unit B can dry the surface and the inside of the clothes simultaneously in the using process, and the air flow can take away odor substances attached to the surface and the inside of the clothes; besides sterilization treatment is carried out through ozone and ultraviolet irradiation to prevent the clothes from breeding bacteria to generate peculiar smell, the active carbon can also adsorb peculiar smell substances in air flow, and the condition that the peculiar smell is diffused to the environment in the ventilation process is avoided.
Sensors can be arranged in the first box body and the second box body according to requirements to monitor the content of ozone; when the ozone content exceeds the standard, the ozone generator can be automatically turned off.
The inner side of the upper part of the first box body and/or the second box body is provided with a power supply controller, and the outer side of the upper part of the first box body and/or the second box body is provided with a control panel to control the opening and closing of the ozone generator, the ultraviolet lamp, the cross flow fan, the electric heater and the small fan.
Set up touch switch at the junction of cabinet door A and first box or the junction of cabinet door B and second box, control the ultraviolet lamp in first box and the second box respectively. When the cabinet door A or the cabinet door B is not closed, the circuit of the ultraviolet lamp in the first box body or the second box body is disconnected.
The drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for the marine clothes can be formed by combining two or more box bodies in parallel. According to actual needs, the air guide pipe, the shelf or the hook can be changed into a common clothes hanger.
The device has the beneficial effects that the clothes are utilized to form an air flow channel, and the air flow circulation inside the box body can be formed, so that the air flow flows through the largest way, the clothes and the working clothes can be dried without dead angles, and the clothes, the working clothes, the shoes and the helmet can be dried while killing bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and the like, such as bacteria, red hair and the like caused by contacting skin sweat; and can deodorize clothes, shoes and helmets with peculiar smell. The drying of the marine work clothes requires more than 3 hours by using common clothes drying equipment, and the peculiar smell cannot be completely removed; by adopting the device, the drying, degerming and deodorizing of the working clothes can be completed within one and a half hours, the efficiency is high, the effect is good, the noise is low, and the peculiar smell is prevented from being spread to the environment.
The device can solve the problem that the traditional clothes dryer can not effectively dry, degerming and deodorize the inside and outside of the marine operation clothes in the prior art; the device occupies small area and is suitable for ship environment; the drying, degerming and deodorizing effects are good, and the requirement of quick drying of common clothes on ships can be met.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the inside of a drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothing
FIG. 2 is an internal structural view of the drying unit A in the A-A direction
FIG. 3 is a left side sectional view showing the internal structure of the drying unit B
FIG. 4 is a front view of the drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothes
FIG. 5 is a left side view of the drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothing
FIG. 6 is a right side view of the drying, sterilizing and deodorizing apparatus for marine clothing
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a drying unit A for drying laundry
Wherein, 1-drying unit A, 2-drying unit B;
101-a first box body, 102-a first cross flow fan, 103-a first electric heater, 104-an air guide pipe, 105-a clothes rack, 106-an air guide pipe blowing hole, 107-a fume hood, 108-a small fan, 109-a first ozone generator, 110-a bent ventilating pipe, 111-a ventilating pipe exhaust groove, 113-an ultraviolet lamp, 114-an orifice plate, 115-a water discharging hole, 116-a flow guide cover A, 117-an air guide pipe fixing plate, 118-a guide rail, 119-a through hole, 121-a cabinet door A, 122-an air discharging hole A; 125-vent a, 126-side vent a; 201-a second box, 202-a second cross flow fan, 203-a second electric heater, 208-a ventilating duct, 209-an air outlet, 210-a shelf, 211-an air outlet groove; 212-hook, 213-exhaust groove, 214-second ozone generator, 215-ultraviolet lamp, 216-dome B, 217-baffle, 218-air inlet hole, 221-cabinet door B, 222-air outlet B; 225-vent B, 226-side vent B; 301-cushion block, 303-power control box, 304-control panel, 401-clothes.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further elucidated with reference to the specific embodiments and the accompanying drawings.
A drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothes structurally comprises a drying unit A1 and a drying unit B2 which are connected together, as shown in figures 1 and 4.
The drying unit a is constructed as shown in fig. 1 and 2, and includes a hollow first casing 101 having a cabinet door a 121. A first cross flow fan 102 is arranged above the inner part of the first box body;
the air inlet of the first cross flow fan is positioned at the upper part, the air outlet is positioned at the lower part, and the air outlet direction is vertical; a first electric heater is arranged below an air outlet of the first cross flow fan;
a flow guide cover A116 is connected below the air outlet of the first cross flow fan; the width of an opening at the upper part of the air guide sleeve A is matched with that of an air outlet of the first cross flow fan, and the width of an opening at the lower part of the air guide sleeve A is larger than that of the opening at the upper part; the first electric heater is located in the air guide sleeve A.
One or more vertical and drawable air ducts 104 are arranged below the air guide sleeve a. Two ends of the air guide pipe are communicated, the upper end of the air guide pipe is close to the lower opening of the air supply cover and the air outlet of the first cross flow fan, and the lower end of the air guide pipe is provided with a clothes hanger 105. The hanger 105 and the duct 104 may be integrated. The pipe wall edge of the lower part of the air guide pipe is provided with an air guide pipe blowing hole 106 which is used for drying the dead angle areas such as collar, sleeve and the like.
A plurality of air guide pipe fixing plates 117 with through holes 117 are further arranged below the first cross flow fan, are positioned below the air guide sleeve A and are perpendicular to the air outlet of the first cross flow fan; the air guide pipes are fixed on the adjacent air guide pipe fixing plates; and a guide rail 118 is arranged below the air guide pipe fixing plate, so that the air guide pipe can move in the guide rail to pull the air guide pipe.
A fume hood 107 is installed at the bottom of the first casing. The fume hood is close to the back side of the first box body, and the top opening is communicated with the first box body; a small fan 108 is arranged at the lower part in the fume hood; a bent ventilation pipe communicated with the ventilation cabinet is arranged outside the side wall of the ventilation cabinet facing the cabinet door A; the bent vent pipe is bent upwards, the top of the bent vent pipe is opened, and a plurality of vent pipe exhaust grooves 108 are formed in the pipe wall close to the top of the bent vent pipe, so that noise of air flow is prevented, and noise is reduced; the number of the bent air ducts is one or more. A first ozone generator 109 is also mounted in the fume hood. One or more ultraviolet lamps are also installed in the first box body, and in the embodiment, the ultraviolet lamps 113 are fixed on the inner wall of the ventilation cabinet; according to the requirement, more ultraviolet lamps can be additionally arranged on the inner wall of the first box body.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, and 5, a vent a 125 is disposed at the top of the first box, a side vent a 126 is disposed on the side wall of the first box near the top, and the vent a and the side vent a are near the air inlet of the first cross flow fan.
The upper edge of the cabinet door A is lower than the air inlet of the first cross flow fan, and the upper part of the cabinet door A is provided with an air outlet A. An orifice plate with small holes is arranged in the first box body at a position close to the bottom plate, and one or more drain holes are arranged on the side wall between the bottom plate of the first box body and the orifice plate.
The drying unit B is structured as shown in fig. 1, 3, 4 and 6, and includes a second box 201 with a cabinet door B; the second box body is of a hollow structure, and a ventilation pipeline 208 is arranged in the second box body; the ventilation pipeline is positioned at the opposite side of the cabinet door B, and the lower end, the rear side, the left side and the right side of the ventilation pipeline are integrated with the inner wall of the second box body; the distance between the front side plate and the rear side of the ventilation duct is narrowed from top to bottom.
The upper part of the second box body is provided with a second cross flow fan 202, the air inlet of the second cross flow fan is positioned at the upper part, the air outlet is positioned at the lower part, the air outlet direction is a plane in which the vertical direction is positioned, and the second cross flow fan is positioned in the ventilation pipeline;
the lower parts of the two sides of the air outlet of the second cross flow fan are connected with a flow guide cover B216; the upper opening and the lower opening of the air guide sleeve B are matched with the air outlet of the second cross flow fan, and the width of the lower opening of the air guide sleeve B is larger than that of the upper opening; the lower end of the air guide sleeve B is connected with the ventilation channel, the lower ends of the plates on the two sides of the air guide sleeve B are respectively connected with the front side and the rear side of the air supply channel, and the lower end of the air guide sleeve B is matched with the air supply channel, so that the air outlet of the second cross flow fan, the air guide sleeve B and the ventilation channel are communicated.
The second cross flow fan has a baffle 217 installed at a front side thereof with a width matched with that of the second casing. The baffle is the bent chi shape, and its upper end is connected with the top of second box, and the lower extreme is connected to air pipe's front side. The upper part of the baffle is vertical to the horizontal plane, the lower part of the baffle is bent inwards to form an included angle of 30-60 degrees with the horizontal plane, and the lower part of the baffle is provided with an air inlet 218. The position of the air inlet hole is lower than the air outlet of the second cross flow fan, and the air inlet hole and the vertical air outlet direction of the second cross flow fan are not on the same plane.
Below the second cross-flow fan is a second electric heater 203, which is located inside the pod B.
A plurality of air outlet holes 209 are also formed in the front side of the ventilation duct, and the positions of the air outlet holes are lower than the second cross flow fan and the second electric heater. Shelf 210 and hook 212 are installed on the front side of the ventilation duct, the hook and the interior of the shelf are hollow structures, and the rear ends of the shelf and the hook are fixed on the front side of the ventilation duct to seal the air outlet.
The upper part of the shelf is provided with an air outlet groove 211; the top of the hanger is open and a plurality of air discharge slots 213 are provided in the wall of the tube near the top to prevent squeaking of the air flow. Air in the ventilation pipeline enters the shelf and the hook through the air outlet hole and is blown out from the front end opening of the air outlet groove or the hook and the air exhaust groove.
A second ozone generator 214 and an ultraviolet lamp 215 are arranged in the second box body; the second ozone generator may be fixed to the baffle plate at a front portion of the second cross flow fan near an air inlet of the second cross flow fan. The number of the ultraviolet lamps is one or more, and the ultraviolet lamps can be arranged on the side wall of the second box body. One or more small fans may also be mounted in the second enclosure to enhance airflow circulation.
As shown in fig. 1, 3, 4, and 6, the second casing has a vent B formed in the top thereof. As shown in fig. 6, a side vent B226 is opened on a side wall of the second box near the top, and the vent B and the side vent B are close to the air inlet of the second cross flow fan.
The upper edge of the cabinet door B is lower than the air inlet of the second cross flow fan, and the upper part of the cabinet door B is provided with an air outlet B.
As shown in figure 3, a plurality of cushion blocks 301 are also arranged at the bottom of the drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for the marine clothes and are positioned below the first box body and the second box body, so that the damage of equipment caused by the bumping of ships can be avoided, and the device has the functions of shock absorption, buffering and impact resistance.
And replaceable activated carbon layers are adhered to the side walls of the first box body and the second box body. The activated carbon layer comprises a breathable bag and activated carbon wrapped in the breathable bag. According to the requirement, the outer layer of the activated carbon layer is also covered with a protective plate with holes.
As shown in fig. 3, a power control box 303 is installed inside the upper portion of the second casing, and a control panel 304 is further installed on the upper portion of the second casing to control the on and off of the first cross flow fan, the first ozone generator, the first electric heater, the ultraviolet lamp, the small fan, the second cross flow fan, the second electric heater, and the second ozone generator.
And ozone sensors are also arranged in the first box body and the second box body to monitor the concentration of ozone in real time. And can be automatically closed when the ozone concentration exceeds a limit.
The drying unit a may be used for drying, sterilization and deodorization of marine work clothes such as diving suits, waterproof suits. When the clothes hanger is used, the air guide pipe is pulled out along the guide rail, clothes such as working clothes are hung on the clothes hanger below the air guide pipe, and the air guide pipe extends into the clothes from the neckline to be dried. And pushing the air guide pipe to the lower part of the air guide sleeve A along the guide rail, so that the upper end of the air guide pipe is aligned to the air outlet of the first cross flow fan.
Air is sucked by the first cross flow fan, is vertically discharged downwards from an air outlet of the first cross flow fan and flows downwards along the air guide sleeve A; after the air is heated by the first electric heater, the hot air is sent into the air guide pipe, and is blown downwards into the clothes as shown in fig. 7, so that the inner side of the clothes is dried; some hot air is blown out from the air blowing holes at the lower part of the air guide pipe to the horizontal direction, so that sleeves of the clothes are opened, and the hot air is blown into the sleeves of the clothes, and the parts which are difficult to treat, such as collar, can be dried. The interior of the clothes hung below the air guide pipe is an airflow channel, so that hot air enters the inner side of the clothes from the air guide pipe and flows downwards to form a natural air channel. The small fan in the bottom fume hood blows air out of the bent pipe on the side face, and air flow flows upwards to take away moisture outside clothes. In the upward flowing process of the gas with the water vapor, one part of the gas is blown out of an air outlet A of the cabinet door A, so that the gas flow flows through the maximum way; and a portion of the air re-enters the first cross flow fan inlet. Ozone molecules generated by a first ozone generator in the fume hood are carried into the air flow, and the inside and the outside of clothes can be deodorized and disinfected; the ultraviolet lamp can sterilize and disinfect the air and clothes in the box body from multiple angles.
In the drying unit A, internal airflow circulation is formed by the first cross flow fan, the air guide pipe, clothes hung at the lower part of the air guide pipe and the ventilation hood, and the inner side and the outer side of the clothes are dried simultaneously; partial air exchange occurs inside and outside the box body, and the water and the air are discharged. When more water is stained on the clothes, the water dropping from the clothes flows into the interlayer between the pore plate and the bottom plate of the first box body through the pore plate and flows out or is pumped out from the water outlet. Fresh air enters the box body from a ventilation opening A at the top of the first box body and a side ventilation opening A at the upper part of the first box body, and is sucked by the first cross flow fan; the gas with the water vapor is blown out from the air outlet A of the cabinet door A to exchange the air inside and outside. The activated carbon layer can adsorb peculiar smell.
The drying unit B can be used for drying, sterilization and deodorization of small-sized accessories such as gloves, shoes and work caps. Gloves or shoes are sleeved on the hooks of the drying unit B, and working caps or other small clothes are placed on the shelf; the second cross flow fan is started, air is sucked from the ventilation opening B and the side ventilation opening B, blown to the lower part of the ventilation pipeline by the second cross flow fan and heated by the second electric heater; ozone molecules generated by the ozone generator are carried by the airflow to diffuse downwards; the hot air carrying ozone molecules enters the cavities of the shelf and the hook from the air outlet 209 of the ventilation pipeline respectively, and is blown out from the air outlet groove above the shelf and the opening and the air exhaust groove at the front end of the hook, so that the interiors of work caps, gloves and shoes are dried, and the sterilization and deodorization functions are realized simultaneously. In the upward flowing process of the air with the water vapor, a part of the air is blown out from an air outlet B of the cabinet door B, and a part of the air is sucked by the second cross flow fan from an air inlet hole at the lower part of the baffle plate, so that the air flow circulation is formed. Fresh air enters the box body from the ventilation opening B and the side ventilation opening B and is sucked by the second cross flow fan; the gas with water vapor is blown out from the air outlet B of the cabinet door B to exchange the air inside and outside. Ozone molecules generated by the second ozone generator are carried into the airflow, so that the inner side and the outer side of the clothes can be deodorized and disinfected; the ultraviolet lamp can sterilize and disinfect to clean air and clothes in the box body. The activated carbon layer can adsorb peculiar smell.
The cushion blocks below the bottom surfaces of the first box body and the second box body can avoid the damage of equipment caused by ship bumping, and have the functions of shock absorption, buffering and impact resistance.
The drying device is used for drying marine clothes or common clothes, the required time is reduced by half compared with that of common equipment, the drying and sterilizing efficiency is high, peculiar smell cannot be emitted to the environment, and the use requirement of ships can be met.
While the foregoing embodiments are specific examples for carrying out the invention, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. A drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for marine clothes is characterized by comprising a drying unit A (1) and a drying unit B (2);
the drying unit A (1) structurally comprises a hollow first box body (101) with a cabinet door A (121); a first cross flow fan (102) is arranged above the inner part of the first box body (101);
the air outlet direction of the first cross flow fan (102) is a vertical direction; a first electric heater (103) is arranged below an air outlet of the first cross flow fan; one or more vertical air guide pipes (104) are arranged below the air outlet of the first cross flow fan (102) and the first electric heater (103); two ends of the air guide pipe (104) are communicated, and the upper end of the air guide pipe is close to an air outlet of the first cross flow fan (102);
a ventilation cabinet (107) is arranged at the bottom of the first box body (101), the ventilation cabinet (107) is close to the back side of the first box body (101), and the top opening is communicated with the first box body (101); a small fan (108) is arranged at the lower part in the fume hood (107); the outside of the side wall of the fume hood facing the door A is provided with a bent ventilating pipe communicated with the fume hood, and the bent ventilating pipe (110) is bent upwards and is opened at the top; the number of the bent ventilation pipes (110) is one or more; a first ozone generator (109) is also arranged in the first box body (101);
in the drying unit A (1), a plurality of air guide pipe fixing plates (117) with through holes (119) are arranged below a first cross flow fan (102), and the air guide pipe fixing plates (117) are positioned below a guide cover A (116) and are vertical to an air outlet of the first cross flow fan (102); the air guide pipe (104) is fixed on the adjacent air guide pipe fixing plate (117); a guide rail (118) is arranged below the air guide pipe fixing plate (117), so that the air guide pipe (104) can move in the guide rail (118);
the pipe wall of the lower part of the air guide pipe (104) is provided with an air guide pipe blowing hole (104), and the lower part of the air guide pipe is provided with a clothes hanger (105);
a plurality of vent pipe exhaust grooves (111) are arranged on the pipe wall of the bent vent pipe (110) close to the top;
the drying unit B (2) structurally comprises a second box body (201) with a cabinet door B (221); the second box body (201) is of a hollow structure, and a ventilation pipeline (208) is arranged inside the second box body; the lower end, the rear side, the left side and the right side of the ventilation pipeline (208) are connected with the inner wall of the second box body (201) into a whole; a second cross flow fan (202) is arranged at the top of the second box body (201), an air outlet is positioned at the lower part, and the air outlet direction is a vertical direction; the second cross flow fan (202) is positioned above the ventilation pipeline (208), and the air outlet direction of the second cross flow fan is in the ventilation pipeline (208);
a second electric heater (203) is arranged below the second cross flow fan (202), a plurality of air outlet holes (209) are formed in the front side of the ventilation pipeline (208), and the positions of the air outlet holes (209) are lower than the second cross flow fan (202) and the second electric heater (203);
at least one of a shelf (210) and a hook (212) is arranged at the front side of the ventilation pipeline (208), the interior of the shelf (210) and the hook (212) is of a hollow structure, and the rear end of the shelf (210) and the hook (212) is fixed at the front side of the ventilation pipeline to seal the air outlet (209);
an air outlet groove (211) is formed in the upper part of the shelf (210); the top of the front end of the hook (212) is opened;
a second ozone generator (214) is also arranged in the second box body;
in the drying unit B (2), a baffle (217) is arranged at the front side of the second cross flow fan (202), and the width of the baffle is matched with that of the second box body (201); the baffle (217) is arc-shaped or curved-ruler-shaped, one end of the baffle is connected with the top of the second box body (201), and the other end of the baffle is connected to the front side of the ventilation pipeline (208); the included angle between the upper part of the baffle (217) and the horizontal plane is 75-105 degrees, the lower part of the baffle is bent inwards and forms an included angle of 15-75 degrees with the horizontal plane, and an air inlet hole (218) is arranged at the lower part of the baffle (217);
the distance between the front side plate and the rear side of the ventilation pipeline (208) is narrowed from top to bottom;
and a plurality of exhaust grooves (213) are formed in the pipe wall of the hook (212) close to the top.
2. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for laundry according to claim 1, wherein a dome a (116) is connected below the outlet of the first cross flow fan of the drying unit a (1); the upper opening (116) and the lower opening of the air guide sleeve A are matched with the air outlet of the first cross flow fan (102), and the width of the lower opening of the air guide sleeve A (116) is larger than that of the upper opening; the first electric heater is positioned in the air guide sleeve A (116), the air guide pipe (104) is positioned below the air guide sleeve A (116), and the air guide pipe (104) is drawable;
the lower parts of two sides of an air outlet of a second cross flow fan of the drying unit B are connected with a diversion cover B (216); the air guide sleeve B (216) is provided with an upper opening and a lower opening, the opening width of the upper part of the air guide sleeve B (216) is matched with the air outlet of the second cross flow fan (202), and the width of the lower opening of the air guide sleeve B (216) is larger than that of the upper opening; the lower end of the air guide sleeve B (216) is connected with the ventilation pipeline, the lower ends of the plates on the two sides of the air guide sleeve B (216) are respectively connected with the front side and the rear side of the ventilation pipeline, and the lower end of the air guide sleeve B (216) is matched with the ventilation pipeline (208), so that the air outlet of the second cross flow fan (202), the air guide sleeve B and the ventilation pipeline (208) are communicated; the second electric heater is located within the pod B (216).
3. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for the clothes according to claim 1, wherein in the drying unit a (1), said first ozone generator is installed in the fume hood (107) above the small fan (108);
in the drying unit B (2), the second ozone generator (214) is positioned in front of the second cross-flow fan (202).
4. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for laundry according to claim 1, wherein one or more ultraviolet lamps are installed in said first casing (101) and said second casing (102).
5. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing apparatus for clothes according to claim 1, wherein one or more small fans are provided in the second casing; one or more small fans are arranged outside the fume hood of the first box body.
6. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for laundry according to claim 1, wherein in the drying unit a (1), the upper edge of the cabinet door a (121) is lower than the air inlet of the first cross flow fan (102), and an air outlet a (122) is opened at the upper part of the cabinet door a (121);
a vent A (125) is formed in the top of the first box body, a side vent A (126) is formed in the top of the side wall of the first box body, and the vent A (125) and the side vent A (126) are close to an air inlet (102) of the first cross flow fan;
in the drying unit B (2), the upper edge of the cabinet door B (221) is lower than the air inlet of the second cross flow fan (202), and an air outlet B (222) is arranged at the upper part of the cabinet door B (221);
a ventilation opening B (225) is formed in the top of the second box body, a side ventilation opening B (226) is formed in the top of the side wall of the second box body, and the ventilation opening B (225) and the side ventilation opening B (226) are close to an air inlet of the second cross flow fan (202).
7. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing apparatus for clothes according to claim 1, wherein the drying unit A (1) has a perforated plate (114) with holes installed in the first casing at a position close to the bottom plate, and drain holes (115) are formed in the side wall between the bottom plate of the first casing and the perforated plate (114).
8. The marine drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device for laundry according to claim 1, wherein the first casing (101) and the second casing (201) are provided at inner side walls thereof with an activated carbon layer, and a plurality of pads (301) are provided at bottoms of the first casing (101) and the second casing (201).
CN201610739769.4A 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Marine clothing drying, sterilizing and deodorizing device Active CN107034646B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107675455B (en) * 2017-09-18 2020-12-08 新沂市锡沂高新材料产业技术研究院有限公司 Intelligent disinfection equipment based on airflow circulating system and working method thereof
CN109295677A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-02-01 得(杭州)环境科技有限公司 Console mode deodorization and sterilization dry hanger
CN110331530A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-15 安徽珍瑾服装有限公司 A kind of deodorizing device of fabric

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CN103243529A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-14 齐志鲲 Three-dimensional clothes ironing dryer
CN104131445A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-11-05 南京工业职业技术学院 Intelligent rotating and quick-drying clothes cabinet
JP2014219196A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-11-20 ミサワホーム株式会社 Drying system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6845569B1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-01-25 Soo Kil Kim Shoe drying apparatus
CN2742009Y (en) * 2004-07-14 2005-11-23 刘松 Clothes drier
CN1782199A (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-06-07 郭立春 Drying and sterilizing cabinet for clothes
CN201530939U (en) * 2009-09-09 2010-07-21 孟文锋 Clothes drying disinfecting device
CN103243529A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-14 齐志鲲 Three-dimensional clothes ironing dryer
JP2014219196A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-11-20 ミサワホーム株式会社 Drying system
CN104131445A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-11-05 南京工业职业技术学院 Intelligent rotating and quick-drying clothes cabinet

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