CN106972606A - A kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system - Google Patents

A kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106972606A
CN106972606A CN201710330076.4A CN201710330076A CN106972606A CN 106972606 A CN106972606 A CN 106972606A CN 201710330076 A CN201710330076 A CN 201710330076A CN 106972606 A CN106972606 A CN 106972606A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
storing
hydraulic turbine
rainwater
classified
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710330076.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨冠鲁
王书洋
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Huaqiao University
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Huaqiao University
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Publication date
Application filed by Huaqiao University filed Critical Huaqiao University
Priority to CN201710330076.4A priority Critical patent/CN106972606A/en
Publication of CN106972606A publication Critical patent/CN106972606A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/14Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from dynamo-electric generators driven at varying speed, e.g. on vehicle
    • H02J7/1469Regulation of the charging current or voltage otherwise than by variation of field
    • H02J7/1492Regulation of the charging current or voltage otherwise than by variation of field by means of controlling devices between the generator output and the battery
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/92Energy efficient charging or discharging systems for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors specially adapted for vehicles

Abstract

Electricity generation system is classified the invention discloses a kind of high building rainwater, including:Ultrasonic sensor, single-chip microcomputer, magnetic valve, hydraulic turbine classification TRT and accumulator at the top of water-storing device;Ultrasonic sensor is used for the distance for measuring the current water surface of distance from top of water-storing device;Single-chip microcomputer is connected with ultrasonic sensor for launching pulse signal detection trigger and monitoring the reflection wave signal that ultrasonic sensor is returned;Single-chip microcomputer is connected with magnetic valve for the break-make that magnetic valve is controlled according to the depth of water of water-storing device;Magnetic valve is connected with water-storing device for controlling the rainwater in water-storing device to flow out, and the rainwater flow ipe in water-storing device drives hydraulic turbine classification TRT classification to generate electricity;Accumulator is classified TRT with the hydraulic turbine and is connected for the output current of hydraulic turbine classification TRT to be converted into direct current and stored.One aspect of the present invention takes full advantage of water resource, on the other hand can alleviate the pressure of big city electricity shortage to a certain extent.

Description

A kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system
Technical field
Power field is classified the present invention relates to the hydraulic turbine, specially a kind of high building rainwater classification electricity generation system.
Background technology
High building rainwater is in itself by large area roof as natural collecting platform, and be richly stored with potential energy.Currently, high building Rainwater is substantially directly down discharged through pipeline.So on the one hand processing causes water resource waste, another aspect rainfall mistake When big, roof ponding is often led to, and then cause attic leak to cause certain economic loss.In fact, high building rainwater is through receiving Collection can be focused in water storage device, connecting pipe below water storage device, when water level reach a certain height, through supersonic sensing After device ranging sensing, the controllable valve being connected with water storage device is opened, and then flows to the hydraulic turbine.According to the working water of the hydraulic turbine From the aspect of head, efficiency and financial cost, classification generating is carried out, rainwater drives hydraulic turbine classification hair during flowing down pipeline Electricity.Galvanic current is converted electrical current into by current rectifying and wave filtering circuit, and passes through mu balanced circuit and charge protector, with storage Battery gets up electricity collection for public infrastructures such as street lamps, and another part electric energy can provide system work.Set up high Rainwater classification electricity generation system in building can alleviate the pressure of big city electricity shortage, be truly realized and save and make full use of water resource Target, with very strong practicality.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the deficiency for overcoming prior art there is provided a kind of high building rainwater classification electricity generation system, utilize High building rainwater carries out classification generating and stores electric energy, on the one hand takes full advantage of water resource, on the other hand to a certain extent can Alleviate the pressure of big city electricity shortage.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system, including:Ultrasonic sensor, monolithic at the top of water-storing device Mechanical, electrical magnet valve, hydraulic turbine classification TRT and accumulator;The water-storing device is arranged on roof, for collecting high building rain Water, the ultrasonic sensor is used for the distance for measuring the current water surface of distance from top of water-storing device;The single-chip microcomputer with it is described Ultrasonic sensor is connected for launching pulse signal detection trigger and monitoring the back wave letter that the ultrasonic sensor is returned Number;The single-chip microcomputer is connected with the magnetic valve for the break-make that the magnetic valve is controlled according to the depth of water of water-storing device;It is described Magnetic valve is connected with the water-storing device for controlling the rainwater in water-storing device to flow out, the rainwater flow ipe in water-storing device The hydraulic turbine classification TRT classification is driven to generate electricity;The accumulator is mutually used in conjunction with hydraulic turbine classification TRT Direct current is converted in the output current that the hydraulic turbine is classified to TRT and is stored.
It is preferred that, the accumulator includes current rectifying and wave filtering circuit, mu balanced circuit and charge protector.
It is preferred that, the mu balanced circuit is LM2596.
It is preferred that, the charge protector is LM7805.
It is preferred that, the accumulator is connected with hydraulic turbine classification TRT to be filled for hydraulic turbine classification to be generated electricity The output current put is converted to direct current and is stable in the charge voltage range of lithium battery.
It is preferred that, the hydraulic turbine classification TRT is classified by every 15 meters of one-levels.
It is preferred that, the model HC-RS04 of the ultrasonic sensor.
It is preferred that, the model STC89C52 of the single-chip microcomputer.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention provides a kind of high building rainwater classification electricity generation system, carries out classification generating using high building rainwater and stores electricity Can, water resource is on the one hand taken full advantage of, on the other hand can alleviate the pressure of big city electricity shortage to a certain extent.
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, but a kind of high building rainwater point of the present invention Level electricity generation system is not limited to embodiment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of present system;
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram of the ultrasonic sensor of present system;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of the single-chip microcomputer of present system.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Shown in Figure 1, a kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system, including:Ultrasonic wave at the top of water-storing device Sensor 1, single-chip microcomputer 2, magnetic valve 3, hydraulic turbine classification TRT 4 and accumulator 5;The water-storing device is arranged on building Top, for collecting high building rainwater, the ultrasonic sensor 1 be used for the current water surface of distance from top for measuring water-storing device away from From;The single-chip microcomputer 2 is connected with the ultrasonic sensor 1 for launching pulse signal detection trigger and monitoring the ultrasonic wave The reflection wave signal that sensor 1 is returned;The single-chip microcomputer 2 is connected for the depth of water control according to water-storing device with the magnetic valve 3 Make the break-make of the magnetic valve 3;The magnetic valve 3 is connected with the water-storing device for controlling the rainwater stream in water-storing device Go out, the rainwater flow ipe in water-storing device drives the hydraulic turbine classification classification of TRT 4 to generate electricity;The accumulator 5 TRT 4 is classified with the hydraulic turbine to be connected for the output current of hydraulic turbine classification TRT 4 to be converted into direct current And stored.
Further, it is shown in Figure 2, the model HC-RS04 of the ultrasonic sensor 1.The ultrasonic sensor 4 leading foots are had, from left to right, the first pin is VCC, and external operating voltage, operating voltage is 5V;Crus secunda is TRIG, defeated Enter trigger signal;3rd pin is ECHO, exports response signal;4th pin is grounding leg.The work of the ultrasonic sensor Principle is, first to TRIG pin input at least 10us trigger signal, will send 8 40kHz cycles level inside it and detect back Ripple.ECHO exports high level response signal if echo-signal has been detected.
Further, as shown in figure 3, the model STC89C52 of the single-chip microcomputer 2.Specifically, can be in STC89C52 The P1.0 mouths of single-chip microcomputer produce square wave, and launch TRIG end of the pulse signal to the ultrasonic sensor 1, while starting monolithic Timer T0 inside machine, utilizes the time and the time for receiving back wave of the tally function record ultrasonic wave transmitting of timer. INT0 mouthfuls of reception back waves can be used, when INT0 receives the back wave of ECHO ends transmitting of ultrasonic sensor 1, are read Time difference, calculate distance.Specifically, during work, first putting 1 P1.0 mouthfuls, start the transmitting ultrasonic wave of ultrasonic sensor 1, simultaneously Start timer internal T0 and start timing.When ultrasonic wave encounters barrier, signal is returned immediately, and the microprocessor of single-chip microcomputer is not Scan INT0 pins with stopping, if the signal that INT0 is received is changed into low level from high level, now show that signal has been returned, it is micro- Processor enters impeding shutdown timer.The data in timer can just be drawn ultrasonic sensor and barrier by conversion again Hinder the distance between thing, you can calculate the distance of the current water surface of distance from top of water-storing device.Due to ultrasonic wave in atmosphere Spread speed 340M/S, distance is represented by:Distance=high level time * the velocities of sound (340M/S)/2.
Further, when the distance of the current water surface of the distance from top of water-storing device is to preset distance, the single-chip microcomputer 2 is controlled The valve of magnetic valve 3 processed opens the rainwater in (specifically, can use P0.3 mouthfuls of control valve openings), release water-storing device, Rainwater flow ipe drives the hydraulic turbine classification classification of TRT 4 to generate electricity.In one embodiment, it is assumed that the height of a building For 60 meters, it is contemplated that make full use of the effective depth of high building, and (working head of the hydraulic turbine is general with the working head of the hydraulic turbine For 6-20 meters) and efficiency be combined to consider, take 15 meters be one-level, be divided into 4 grades to generate electricity, in hydraulic turbine nominal operation head In the range of, effective generating height of high building is made full use of, sufficiently can so be generated electricity using the gravitional force of rainwater.Consider To the generating efficiency and the efficiency of battery of the hydraulic turbine, by taking 2167.3 millimeters of the somewhere rainfall of 1 year as an example, formula E is utilized =mgh can calculate a high building can send electricity 445.2kWh every year.
Further, the accumulator 5 includes current rectifying and wave filtering circuit, mu balanced circuit and charge protector.The hydraulic turbine Galvanic current is converted electrical current into by current rectifying and wave filtering circuit, and passes through mu balanced circuit LM2596 and charge protector LM7805 is by voltage stabilization in the charge voltage range of lithium battery, it is ensured that the security of lithium cell charging.Will with lithium battery Electricity collection is got up is used for the public infrastructures such as street lamp with a part, and another part electric energy can provide electricity for the system work Source.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that including:Supersonic sensing at the top of water-storing device Device, single-chip microcomputer, magnetic valve, hydraulic turbine classification TRT and accumulator;The water-storing device is arranged on roof, for collecting High building rainwater, the ultrasonic sensor is used for the distance for measuring the current water surface of distance from top of water-storing device;The single-chip microcomputer It is connected with the ultrasonic sensor for launching pulse signal detection trigger and monitoring the anti-of the ultrasonic sensor return Ejected wave signal;The single-chip microcomputer is connected with the magnetic valve for controlling the logical of the magnetic valve according to the depth of water of water-storing device It is disconnected;The magnetic valve is connected with the water-storing device for controlling the rainwater in water-storing device to flow out, the rainwater in water-storing device Flow ipe drives the hydraulic turbine classification TRT classification to generate electricity;The accumulator generates electricity with hydraulic turbine classification and filled Put and be connected for the output current of hydraulic turbine classification TRT to be converted into direct current and stored.
2. high building rainwater according to claim 1 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The accumulator includes rectification Filter circuit, mu balanced circuit and charge protector.
3. high building rainwater according to claim 2 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The mu balanced circuit is LM2596。
4. high building rainwater according to claim 2 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The charge protector is LM7805。
5. high building rainwater according to claim 1 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The accumulator and the water Turbine classification TRT is connected for the output current of hydraulic turbine classification TRT to be converted into direct current and lithium is stable at In the charge voltage range of battery.
6. high building rainwater according to claim 1 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The hydraulic turbine classification, which generates electricity, to be filled Put and be classified by every 15 meters of one-levels.
7. high building rainwater according to claim 1 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The type of the ultrasonic sensor Number be HC-RS04.
8. high building rainwater according to claim 1 is classified electricity generation system, it is characterised in that:The model of the single-chip microcomputer STC89C52。
CN201710330076.4A 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of high building rainwater is classified electricity generation system Pending CN106972606A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106972606A true CN106972606A (en) 2017-07-21

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101258827A (en) * 2008-04-23 2008-09-10 昆明理工大学 Subdistrict greening water-saving automatic irrigation device
US20090115189A1 (en) * 2007-11-01 2009-05-07 Hsien-Ming Lin Power generation device
CN202195859U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-04-18 浙江商达环保有限公司 Real-time water level long-distance measuring control device
CN203050977U (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-07-10 张诗贺 Rainwater centralized generating set on roof of high-rise building
CN203672451U (en) * 2014-01-07 2014-06-25 山东天地缘酒业有限公司 Wine jar liquid level monitoring system
CN203773370U (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-08-13 宁波大学 Automatic water level controller for reservoir
CN104697605A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-10 北京中航赛维生物科技有限公司 Intelligent liquid level induction circuit and device
CN204493064U (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-22 贵州民族大学 A kind of power generation apparatus by rainwater
CN105963825A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-09-28 昆明理工大学 Bluetooth medical infusion alarming and real-time intelligent control device based on CPS embedded system
CN106050535A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-26 广东工业大学 Rainwater power generation system

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090115189A1 (en) * 2007-11-01 2009-05-07 Hsien-Ming Lin Power generation device
CN101258827A (en) * 2008-04-23 2008-09-10 昆明理工大学 Subdistrict greening water-saving automatic irrigation device
CN202195859U (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-04-18 浙江商达环保有限公司 Real-time water level long-distance measuring control device
CN203050977U (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-07-10 张诗贺 Rainwater centralized generating set on roof of high-rise building
CN203672451U (en) * 2014-01-07 2014-06-25 山东天地缘酒业有限公司 Wine jar liquid level monitoring system
CN203773370U (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-08-13 宁波大学 Automatic water level controller for reservoir
CN104697605A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-10 北京中航赛维生物科技有限公司 Intelligent liquid level induction circuit and device
CN204493064U (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-07-22 贵州民族大学 A kind of power generation apparatus by rainwater
CN105963825A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-09-28 昆明理工大学 Bluetooth medical infusion alarming and real-time intelligent control device based on CPS embedded system
CN106050535A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-26 广东工业大学 Rainwater power generation system

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Application publication date: 20170721

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