CN106949742A - A kind of charging system and charging process - Google Patents

A kind of charging system and charging process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106949742A
CN106949742A CN201710265993.9A CN201710265993A CN106949742A CN 106949742 A CN106949742 A CN 106949742A CN 201710265993 A CN201710265993 A CN 201710265993A CN 106949742 A CN106949742 A CN 106949742A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
smelting furnace
electric sucker
travel mechanism
hopper
charging system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710265993.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梅泽锋
梅平
章汉云
孟伟峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGNAN IRON ALLOY CO Ltd JIANGSU
Original Assignee
JIANGNAN IRON ALLOY CO Ltd JIANGSU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIANGNAN IRON ALLOY CO Ltd JIANGSU filed Critical JIANGNAN IRON ALLOY CO Ltd JIANGSU
Priority to CN201710265993.9A priority Critical patent/CN106949742A/en
Publication of CN106949742A publication Critical patent/CN106949742A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D3/0025Charging or loading melting furnaces with material in the solid state
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D2003/0034Means for moving, conveying, transporting the charge in the furnace or in the charging facilities
    • F27D2003/0039Means for moving, conveying, transporting the charge in the furnace or in the charging facilities comprising magnetic means
    • F27D2003/004Magnetic lifters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D2003/0034Means for moving, conveying, transporting the charge in the furnace or in the charging facilities
    • F27D2003/0051Means for moving, conveying, transporting the charge in the furnace or in the charging facilities comprising means to pick up the charge and put it down
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27MINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS OF THE CHARGES OR FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS OR RETORTS
    • F27M2003/00Type of treatment of the charge
    • F27M2003/13Smelting

Abstract

The invention belongs to metal smelt field, a kind of charging system and charging process are related specifically to.The invention provides a kind of charging system, including smelting furnace(2), smelting furnace(2)It is provided with fire door, smelting furnace(2)Both sides certain distance is provided with cylinder, and described distance can be placed between at least one hopper, two cylinders in smelting furnace(2)Top is provided with the travel mechanism that a motor control can move forward and backward, and has an electric sucker(1)By being connected by suspension hook and the travel mechanism, moved together along travel mechanism.A kind of charging process is additionally provided, passes through back and forth reciprocal energization suction of the electric sucker 1 above smelting furnace, power-cut discharge.The present invention is arranged on above smelting furnace by fire door, is fed by electric sucker, greatly reduces the labor intensity of workman.

Description

A kind of charging system and charging process
Technical field
The invention belongs to metal smelt field, a kind of charging system and charging process are related specifically to.
Background technology
In metal smelt, steel scrap is added in intermediate frequency furnace and smelted, general fire door is located at the lower section of intermediate frequency furnace, then Steel scrap is fallen back on fire door by workman with dolly, and artificial is added to the steel scrap in dolly in intermediate frequency furnace.Existing this smelting side Formula, for workman, first has to shift steel scrap onto fire door with dolly, and the weight of dolly steel scrap is big, it is necessary to very big strength goes to push away, Secondly fire door temperature is high, workman is more tired out, again, fire door has flue gas to be come out from fire door in smelting, to the health of factory There is Shanghai, and have to the air in factory building very big pollution.Because workman's working strength is big, fire door is high temperature again, again It is waste gas, operating efficiency is not high.
The content of the invention
Technical problem to be solved:
In existing metal smelt, workman's working strength is big, poor working environment, and efficiency is low.
Technical scheme:
In order to solve problem above, the invention provides a kind of charging system, including smelting furnace 2, smelting furnace 2 is provided with fire door, The both sides certain distance of smelting furnace 2 is provided with cylinder, and described distance can be placed between at least one hopper, two cylinders in melting The travel mechanism that the top of stove 2 can move forward and backward provided with a motor control, has an electric sucker 1 to pass through by suspension hook and the shifting Motivation structure is connected, and is moved together along travel mechanism.
The two ends of the electric sucker 1 are provided with drawstring, and the other end of two sections of drawstrings is connected by suspension hook and travel mechanism, makes institute The holding level of electric sucker 1 stated.
The electric sucker 1, which is arranged on, to be driven in moral conduct car, and frame moral conduct car is connected by suspension hook and travel mechanism.
Described fire door is provided with a dust shield, and the dust shield adds a conical hopper 3 to constitute by cylinder, the cylinder Internal footpath is identical with fire door, and the described periphery of conical hopper 3 and the interior of cylinder encloses to form a closed dust storage chamber 4, institute Dust storage chamber 4 is stated to be connected with Smoking pipe provided with a suction port.
Described Smoking pipe includes rotation Smoking pipe 5 and fixed Smoking pipe 7, and the rotation Smoking pipe 5 passes through own rotation Plane bearing is connected.
Described fixation Smoking pipe 7 and dust arrester connection, flue gas after dust arrester dedusting by discharging.
Present invention also offers a kind of charging process using the charging system, comprise the following steps:The first step, will expect Case is placed between smelting furnace 2 and column, and the both sides of smelting furnace 2 respectively set at least one hopper;Second step:Electric sucker 1 is hung Upper travel mechanism, as travel mechanism moves to a direction;3rd step:When electric sucker 1 arrives first the upper end of hopper, to electric sucker 1 is powered, and electric sucker 1 picks up the steel scrap in hopper, the 4th step:Continue to move to, when reaching above fire door, electric sucker 1 powered off, The steel scrap adsorbed on electric sucker 1 is dropped into smelting furnace 2, the 5th step, and electric sucker 1 is continued to move to, and is reached on another hopper Fang Shi, is powered, picks up the steel scrap in hopper, now, motor reversal, and travel mechanism's opposite direction is moved electric sucker 1 at any time, reaches stove When above mouthful, power-off, steel scrap is dropped into smelting furnace, the 6th step, repeats the 3rd to the 5th step.
Beneficial effect:
The present invention is arranged on above smelting furnace by fire door, is fed by electric sucker, the work for greatly reducing workman is strong Degree, as long as steel scrap is fitted into hopper by workman, is placed into specified location, then only needs to control the switching electricity of electric sucker, motor Rotation direction can be achieved with charging.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 the structural representation of present invention.
Embodiment
Below by accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in figure 1, fire door is arranged on the top of smelting furnace 2, such structure is fed in furnace bottom, but Fed in the top of smelting furnace 2.The present invention is that, by the electric energizing magnetic of sucker 1, power-off does not have magnetic characteristic, uses To adsorb steel scrap in hopper in the case of energization, then move to above fire door, steel scrap is put into smelting furnace 2 by power-off.
Up moved for the ease of electric sucker 1, set up column on the both sides of smelting furnace 2, moving machine is set on column Structure, movement is controlled with motor, and electric sucker 1 is connected by suspension hook and travel mechanism, can be moved with travel mechanism.
In order to keep electric sucker 1 it is on the move be in horizontality, steel scrap is more adsorbed, at the two ends of electric sucker 1 Provided with drawstring, the other end of two sections of drawstrings connects travel mechanism by suspension hook or the electric sucker 1 is arranged on and driven in moral conduct car, Frame moral conduct car is connected by suspension hook and travel mechanism.
Described fire door is provided with a dust shield, and the dust shield adds a conical hopper 3 to constitute by cylinder, the cylinder Internal footpath is identical with fire door, and the described periphery of conical hopper 3 and the interior of cylinder encloses to form a closed dust storage chamber 4, institute Dust storage chamber 4 is stated to be connected with Smoking pipe provided with a suction port.
Using conical hopper 3 is used above fire door, increase the aperture area of fire door, increase the scope that electric sucker 1 feeds intake Greatly, because electric sucker 1 is to feed intake on the move, the increase of opening, it is to avoid will expect to throw into the outside of smelting furnace 2.
Cylinder inner diameter is identical with fire door, enclosed in the periphery of described conical hopper 3 and cylinder to be formed one it is closed Dust storage chamber 4, so during electric sucker feeds intake, in fire door charging, blocked flue gas out, make in smelting furnace 2 Flue gas is entered mostly set in dust storage chamber 4, dust storage chamber 4 dust mouth and fume pipe connection, flue gas is entered from dust storage chamber Into fume pipe, flue gas will be reduced greatly in the place so worked, made the air of the environment of work and improved.
The lower section for being arranged on smelting furnace 2 with traditional fire door is compared, and present workman only needs to steel scrap loading hopper, will expect Case is placed between smelting furnace and column, and at least one is respectively placed in smelting furnace both sides, then controls the rotation direction of electromechanical machine, operation The energization and power-off of electric sucker just can continuously carry out being fed in smelting furnace 2, significantly reduce the labor intensity of workman, And do not use in the hot environment of fire door, breathe the air containing flue gas.
Described Smoking pipe includes rotation Smoking pipe 5 and fixed salt-absorbing pipe 7, and the rotation Smoking pipe 5 passes through own rotation Plane bearing 6 is connected.Smoking pipe 5 is rotated by rotation, the flue gas in fume collecting chamber 4 more preferably can be adsorbed onto rotation Smoking pipe 5 In, by the rotation of Plane of rotation bearing 6, the flue gas rotated in Smoking pipe 5 is adsorbed onto in fixed Smoking pipe 7, then fixed Smoking pipe 7 connects dust arrester, and flue gas after improvement by giving off.Such structure makes air in working environment and traditional Compared to being greatly improved, and the flue gas excluded is, by dust removal process, air will not to be polluted after emitting, It is environmentally friendly.
The invention provides the method fed using charging system, hopper is placed into the He of smelting furnace 2 by the first step Between column, the both sides of smelting furnace 2 respectively set at least one hopper;Second step:Electric sucker 1 is hung up into travel mechanism, with shifting Motivation structure is moved to a direction;3rd step:When electric sucker 1 arrives first the upper end of hopper, electric sucker 1 is powered, electric sucker 1 will expect Steel scrap in case is picked up, the 4th step:Continue to move to, when reaching above fire door, electric sucker 1 is powered off, adsorbed on electric sucker 1 Steel scrap is dropped into smelting furnace 2, the 5th step, and electric sucker 1 is continued to move to, when reaching above another hopper, is powered, is picked up hopper In steel scrap, now, motor reversal, electric sucker 1 at any time travel mechanism's opposite direction move, reach fire door above when, power-off, steel scrap Drop into smelting furnace, the 6th step, repeat the 3rd to the 5th step.
By back and forth reciprocal energization suction of the electric sucker 1 above smelting furnace, power-cut discharge, the efficiency of work is obtained Improve.
Although the present invention disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, they be not for limit the present invention, it is any ripe This those skilled in the art is practised, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, can make various changes or retouch from working as, therefore the guarantor of the present invention What shield scope should be defined by claims hereof protection domain is defined.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of charging system, including smelting furnace(2), smelting furnace(2)It is provided with fire door, it is characterised in that:Smelting furnace(2)Both sides Certain distance is provided with cylinder, and described distance can be placed between at least one hopper, two cylinders in smelting furnace(2)Top is set , there is an electric sucker in the travel mechanism for having a motor control to move forward and backward(1)By passing through suspension hook and the travel mechanism Connection, is moved together along travel mechanism.
2. charging system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The electric sucker(1)Two ends be provided with drawstring, two sections drawing The other end of rope connects through suspension hook and travel mechanism's connection, makes described electric sucker(1)Holding level.
3. charging system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The electric sucker(1)It is arranged on and drives in moral conduct car, frame behaviour Driving is connected by suspension hook and travel mechanism.
4. the charging system as described in claim 1-3 any claims, it is characterised in that:Described fire door is inhaled provided with one Dust hood, the dust shield adds a conical hopper by cylinder(3)Composition, cylinder inner diameter cone identical with fire door, described Shape funnel(3)Periphery and cylinder in enclose to form a closed dust storage chamber(4), the dust storage chamber(4)It is provided with one Suction port is connected with Smoking pipe.
5. charging system as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described Smoking pipe includes rotation Smoking pipe(5)With it is solid Determine Smoking pipe(7), the rotation Smoking pipe(5)Connected by own Plane of rotation bearing.
6. charging system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described fixation Smoking pipe(7)Connected with dust arrester, Flue gas after dust arrester dedusting by discharging.
7. a kind of charging process using the charging system as described in claim 1-6 any claims, comprises the following steps:The One step, smelting furnace is placed into by hopper(2)Between column, smelting furnace(2)Both sides respectively set at least one hopper;Second Step:By electric sucker(1)Travel mechanism is hung up, as travel mechanism moves to a direction;3rd step:When electric sucker(1)Arrive first material During the upper end of case, to electric sucker(1)It is powered, electric sucker(1)Steel scrap in hopper is picked up, the 4th step:Continue to move to, reach stove When above mouthful, to electric sucker(1)Power-off, electric sucker(1)On the steel scrap that is adsorbed drop into smelting furnace(2)In, the 5th step, electricity is inhaled Disk(1)Continue to move to, when reaching above another hopper, be powered, pick up the steel scrap in hopper, now, motor reversal, electric sucker (1)Travel mechanism's opposite direction is moved at any time, when reaching above fire door, and power-off, steel scrap is dropped into smelting furnace, the 6th step, is repeated 3rd to the 5th step.
CN201710265993.9A 2017-04-21 2017-04-21 A kind of charging system and charging process Pending CN106949742A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710265993.9A CN106949742A (en) 2017-04-21 2017-04-21 A kind of charging system and charging process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710265993.9A CN106949742A (en) 2017-04-21 2017-04-21 A kind of charging system and charging process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106949742A true CN106949742A (en) 2017-07-14

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CN201710265993.9A Pending CN106949742A (en) 2017-04-21 2017-04-21 A kind of charging system and charging process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109182761A (en) * 2018-11-17 2019-01-11 镇江市丹徒区鑫凯铜业有限公司 A kind of feeding device of copper scrap fusing
CN112111624A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-12-22 含山县龙顺机械配件厂 Utilize recycling device of scrap iron bits scrap steel production foundry goods
CN116518728A (en) * 2023-06-07 2023-08-01 河南力富特起重运输机械有限公司 Suction and discharge crown block

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202388301U (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-08-22 南通东海机床制造有限公司 Feeding device of large plate shearing machine or large bending machine
CN202692697U (en) * 2012-07-16 2013-01-23 广东佳利士汽车零配件制造有限公司 Automatic charging and returning mechanism for processing cylinder liner
CN104630420A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-05-20 中钢集团天澄环保科技股份有限公司 Smoke collecting system of mobile AOD furnace
CN205816825U (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-21 周丰 A kind of bearing cage or lasso automatic charging equipment
CN206803762U (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-12-26 江苏江南铁合金有限公司 A kind of charging system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202388301U (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-08-22 南通东海机床制造有限公司 Feeding device of large plate shearing machine or large bending machine
CN202692697U (en) * 2012-07-16 2013-01-23 广东佳利士汽车零配件制造有限公司 Automatic charging and returning mechanism for processing cylinder liner
CN104630420A (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-05-20 中钢集团天澄环保科技股份有限公司 Smoke collecting system of mobile AOD furnace
CN205816825U (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-21 周丰 A kind of bearing cage or lasso automatic charging equipment
CN206803762U (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-12-26 江苏江南铁合金有限公司 A kind of charging system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109182761A (en) * 2018-11-17 2019-01-11 镇江市丹徒区鑫凯铜业有限公司 A kind of feeding device of copper scrap fusing
CN112111624A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-12-22 含山县龙顺机械配件厂 Utilize recycling device of scrap iron bits scrap steel production foundry goods
CN112111624B (en) * 2020-08-18 2021-10-26 含山县龙顺机械配件厂 Utilize recycling device of scrap iron bits scrap steel production foundry goods
CN116518728A (en) * 2023-06-07 2023-08-01 河南力富特起重运输机械有限公司 Suction and discharge crown block
CN116518728B (en) * 2023-06-07 2023-09-15 河南力富特起重运输机械有限公司 Suction and discharge crown block

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Application publication date: 20170714

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication