CN106860992A - The Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system - Google Patents

The Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106860992A
CN106860992A CN201710228538.1A CN201710228538A CN106860992A CN 106860992 A CN106860992 A CN 106860992A CN 201710228538 A CN201710228538 A CN 201710228538A CN 106860992 A CN106860992 A CN 106860992A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
breathing
source
air
oxygen
administration
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710228538.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高宏
陈洪涛
王谦
王志萍
王军
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Wuxi Shengnuoya Technology Co Ltd
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Wuxi Shengnuoya Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710228538.1A priority Critical patent/CN106860992A/en
Publication of CN106860992A publication Critical patent/CN106860992A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0003Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/20Valves specially adapted to medical respiratory devices
    • A61M16/201Controlled valves
    • A61M16/202Controlled valves electrically actuated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M31/00Devices for introducing or retaining media, e.g. remedies, in cavities of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0003Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure
    • A61M2016/0027Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure pressure meter
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0003Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure
    • A61M2016/003Accessories therefor, e.g. sensors, vibrators, negative pressure with a flowmeter

Abstract

Backup breathing system is set the present invention relates to a kind of respiratory system, especially a kind of Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration, belongs to the technical field of Breathing Suppotion equipment.According to the technical scheme that the present invention is provided, the Breathing Suppotion of the aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system, including breathing circuit and the supply loop that is connected with the breathing circuit;Also include that the atomizing administration device of liquid and the medical liquid atomizing that will be stored can be stored, the liquid fog after being atomized through atomizing administration device can follow the gas that supply loop exports to enter breathing circuit.Air circuit of the present invention, atomizing administration device are connected by conversion valve with breathing circuit, by first connection status and the second connection status of switch transition valve, the direct supply to breathing circuit can be realized, or be administered while realizing supplying breathing circuit, nebulae inhalation can effectively be realized, the convenience and reliability of atomization are improved, it is safe and reliable.

Description

The Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system
Technical field
Backup breathing system is set the present invention relates to a kind of respiratory system, especially a kind of Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration, Belong to the technical field of Breathing Suppotion equipment.
Background technology
Breath function due is not good enough, is a kind of highly effective through respiratory tract aerosol suction during such as pulmonary infection, asthma attack Treatment means.And respiratory function it is poor when, need to often award patient respiratory support.And during Breathing Suppotion, because air flue is broken into, often Pulmonary infection or asthma attack may be aggravated patient respiratory tract disease is treated, it is necessary to carry out Neulized inhalation.Present fiber crops Liquor-saturated machine/lung ventilator is simple respiratory support systems, if extremely difficult when needing nebulae inhalation.Because of Anesthesia machine/lung ventilator breathing Pipeline is seal pipeline, it is difficult to Neulized inhalation medicine is imported in corrugated hose.
Meanwhile, a large amount of patients for needing Breathing Suppotion must implement trachea cannula treatment, trachea cannula in clinical position When Intubation reaction it is extremely strong, easily cause serious cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complication.If air flue table can be implemented before trachea cannula Facial anesthesia, energy high degree is reduced or avoids Intubation reaction.Implement Neulized inhalation using local anaesthetics before trachea cannula, can be effectively real Existing airway surface anesthesia, allows patient to receive comfort level when trachea cannula is operated and greatly increases, cardiovascular response and cough reflex Greatly reduce.
Urgent clinical needs are a kind of simultaneously to facilitate the Anesthesia machine/lung ventilator of convenient implementation atomization inspiration treatment to exhale in Breathing Suppotion Desorption system, is that clinical respiratory disease treatment brings maximum convenience, while also can be by the Intubation reaction maximum journey of trachea cannula Degree is reduced.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration sets Backup breathing system, its is simple and compact for structure, can effectively realize nebulae inhalation, improves the convenience and reliability of atomization, safety It is reliable.
According to the technical scheme that the present invention is provided, the Breathing Suppotion of the aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system, including Breathing circuit and the supply loop being connected with the breathing circuit;Also include that liquid and the medical liquid atomizing that will be stored can be stored Atomizing administration device, through atomizing administration device be atomized after liquid fog can follow supply loop export gas enter breathe back Road.
Also include the conversion valve with the first connection status and the second connection status, the atomizing administration device, supply Loop is connected by conversion valve with breathing circuit;
When conversion valve is in the first connection status, only supplies loop and be connected and connect with breathing circuit by conversion valve Logical, the gas of supply loop output enters breathing circuit by conversion valve;
When conversion valve is in the second connection status, supply loop pass sequentially through conversion valve and atomizing administration device with Supply loop connects and connects, and the gas of supply loop output enters in atomizing administration device, and by the liquid in atomizing administration device Fog brings breathing circuit into.
The atomizing administration device includes delivery device housing and the atomizing cup for storing liquid, and the atomizing cup can set Using being detachably connected between the top in delivery device housing, and atomizing cup and delivery device housing, set in delivery device housing For by the atomising head of medical liquid atomizing;
Atomizing cup is installed on when in delivery device housing, atomization air inlet pipe on atomizing cup and delivery device housing and is atomized out Tracheae is connected, and the gas of supply loop output is entered in atomizing cup by being atomized air inlet pipe, into gas and mist in atomizing cup The liquid fog changed in cup enters breathing circuit by being atomized escaping pipe.
It is provided for storing the atomization inner bag of physiological saline in the delivery device housing, atomising head is located at atomization inner bag Underface, atomizing cup is installed on when on delivery device housing, and the bottom of atomizing cup is located in the physiological saline of atomization inner bag.
The atomizing cup is provided with dosing mouth for filling liquid and close for blocking the dosing mouth of the dosing mouth Capping;Atomizing cup air inlet and the atomizing cup gas outlet connected with the atomizing cup air inlet are additionally provided with atomizing cup;
Atomizing cup by atomizing cup air inlet with atomization air inlet pipe be connected and connect, atomizing cup by atomizing cup gas outlet with Atomization escaping pipe is connected and connected.
The breathing circuit includes air inlet branch road and outlet branch road, and air inlet branch road includes that the breathing for receiving air inlet is entered Tracheae, outlet branch road includes that the carbon dioxide for being used for the breathing escaping pipe for receiving outlet and being connected with the breathing escaping pipe is inhaled Closed cans, is provided for the absorption blast pipe of outlet on carboloy dioxide canister, the gas after being absorbed through carboloy dioxide canister leads to Crossing absorption blast pipe can enter in breathing air inlet pipe.
Machine control respirator and manual sacculus, the machine control respirator and manual sacculus are additionally provided with the breathing air inlet pipe It is connected with breathing air inlet pipe by being pressurized connecting tube, the breather check valve for determining gas flow is additionally provided with breathing air inlet pipe.
The supply loop includes the source of oxygen and the sky for providing low concentration oxygen for providing high-concentration oxygen Source of the gas, the air in oxygen, air-source in the source of oxygen can enter in the Volatile anesthetic of the volatilizable anaesthetic of storage, Volatile anesthetic Interior volatilizable anaesthetic can follow mixed oxygen, air to enter breathing circuit.
Source of oxygen connecting leg is provided with the source of oxygen, one end of source of oxygen connecting leg is connected with source of oxygen, source of oxygen connecting leg The other end be connected with source of oxygen flowmeter, source of oxygen flowmeter is connected by source of oxygen flowmeter connecting leg with Volatile anesthetic;
Also set up on source of oxygen connecting leg for the rapid air feeding pipe to breathing circuit rapid air feeding, set on rapid air feeding pipe High-speed switch.
The air-source is provided with air-source connecting leg, and one end of the air-source connecting leg is connected with air-source, and air-source connects The other end of pipe is connected with air-source flowmeter, and air-source flowmeter is connected by air-source flowmeter connecting leg with Volatile anesthetic;
Air-source connecting leg is connected by air-source rapid air feeding pipe with source of oxygen connecting leg, is set on air-source rapid air feeding pipe Air-source high-speed switch.
Advantages of the present invention:Supply loop, atomizing administration device are connected by conversion valve with breathing circuit, are turned by switching First connection status and the second connection status of valve are changed, the direct supply to breathing circuit can be realized, or realize to breathing back It is administered while road supplies, can effectively realizes nebulae inhalation, improves the convenience and reliability of atomization, it is safe and reliable.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the use state figure that atomizing administration device of the present invention is sent into breathing circuit by liquid fog by supplying loop.
Fig. 2 is the use state figure that present invention supply loop is directly connected with breathing circuit.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of atomizing administration device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of atomizing cup of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:1- source of oxygen, 2- source of oxygen connector, 3- source of oxygen controlling switch, 4- source of oxygen regulating valves Door, 5- source of oxygen connecting leg, 6- source of oxygen flowmeter, 7- high-speed switches, 8- rapid air feedings pipe, 9- air-source rapid air feedings pipe, 10- Source of oxygen flowmeter connecting leg, 11- air-sources, 12- air-sources connector, 13- air-sources controlling switch, 14- air-source regulating valves Door, 15- air-sources connecting leg, 16- air-sources flowmeter, 17- air source fluxs connecting leg, 18- Volatile anesthetics, 19- Volatile anesthetics connecting leg, 20- atomizing administration devices, 21- atomized medicine introducing air inlets connecting leg, 22- conversion valves, 23- breathings air inlet pipe, 24- breathings escaping pipe, 25- Breathing connecting leg, 26- superchargings connecting tube, 27- machine controls respirator, 28- manual controls sacculus, 29- pressure overflow valve, 30- admission pressures refer to Show that device, 31- capnographs, 32- outlet pressures indicator, 33- carboloy dioxide canisters, 34- absorb blast pipe, 35- Supply connecting leg, 36- atomized medicine introducing outlets connecting leg, 37- air-sources high-speed switch, 38- atomized medicine introducings housing, 39- atomization inner bag, 40- physiological saline, 41- atomising heads, 42- atomizations air inlet pipe, 43- atomizations escaping pipe, 44- liquids, 45- sealing rings, 46- atomized flows Amount adjuster, 47- atomizing cups, 48- dosing mouths, 49- dosing mouths closure, 50- atomizing cups standing groove, 51- atomizing cups gas outlet And 52- atomizing cup air inlets.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:In order to be able to effectively realize nebulae inhalation, the convenience and reliability of atomization, the present invention are improved The supply loop being connected including breathing circuit and with the breathing circuit;Also include that liquid 44 and the medicine that will be stored can be stored The atomizing administration device 20 of the atomization of liquid 44, the liquid fog after being atomized through atomizing administration device 20 can follow the gas that supply loop exports Into breathing circuit.
Specifically, can be connected with breathing connecting leg 25 by breathing circuit, needed for breathing circuit can be provided by supplying loop Source of the gas, can be for patient provides Breathing Suppotion by breathing connecting leg 25;Breathing circuit is carried by breathing the specially patient of connecting leg 25 The detailed process that process and supply loop for Breathing Suppotion provide source of the gas needed for breathing circuit can be led using this technology The conventional technological means in domain realizes that specially known to those skilled in the art, here is omitted.
The liquid 44 can be the arcotic that can be atomized, and mist can be carried out to the liquid 44 for storing by atomizing administration device 20 Change, i.e., the liquid 44 of liquid condition can be become the liquid fog of gaseous state by atomizing administration device 20, liquid fog is followed The gas of supply loop output together enters breathing circuit, so as to realize anaesthetizing airway surface or to asthma, bronchus Inflammation, pulmonary infection etc. carry out effective Atomized anesthetic;In the specific implementation, liquid 44 can have with other types, liquid 44 The type of body can be selected as needed, and the liquid fog after atomization can conveniently follow the gas in supply loop to enter breathing Loop, realizes quickly administration, and do not influence the normal of Breathing Suppotion equipment to use.During specific implementation, Breathing Suppotion equipment bag Anesthesia machine or lung ventilator are included, the Breathing Suppotion of different purposes, specially this technology is realized respectively by Anesthesia machine or breathing function Known to the personnel of field, here is omitted.
Further, also including the conversion valve 22 with the first connection status and the second connection status, the atomization Delivery device 20, supply loop are connected by conversion valve 22 with breathing circuit;
When conversion valve 22 is in the first connection status, only supplies loop and be connected with breathing circuit by conversion valve 22 And connect, the gas of supply loop output enters breathing circuit by conversion valve 22;
When conversion valve 22 is in the second connection status, supply loop passes sequentially through conversion valve 22 and atomized medicine introducing Device 22 is connected and connects with supply loop, and the gas of supply loop output enters in atomizing administration device 20, and by atomizing administration device Liquid fog in 20 brings breathing circuit into.
In the embodiment of the present invention, conversion valve 22 has the first connection status and the second connection status, and conversion valve 22 can Realized with using magnetic valve etc., conversion valve 22, can be by breathing branch when the first connection status or the second connection status are changed The control system of holding equipment is switched over.
When only needing to supply breathing circuit by supplying loop, conversion valve 22 can be controlled to be in the first connection shape State, now, supply loop is directly connected and connected with breathing circuit by conversion valve 22, and the gas of supply loop output passes through Conversion valve 22 is directly entered in breathing circuit, realizes the normal Breathing Suppotion of breathing circuit, is now set with existing Breathing Suppotion Working method for middle supply loop, breathing circuit is consistent.
When being administered the need for supply simultaneously, control conversion valve 22 is in the second connection status, now, supply The gas of loop output needs to be introduced into atomizing administration device 20, and the gas of supply loop output is by the inner liquid medicine of atomizing administration device 20 It is another with entering in breathing circuit after fog mixing, improve the convenience of supply and administration.Usually, Breathing Suppotion equipment The working condition of control system Synchronization Control atomizing administration device 20 and conversion valve 22, i.e., when control conversion valve 22 is in the During two connection status, then start atomizing administration device 20 simultaneously;When controlling conversion valve 22 to be in the first connection status, then can close Close atomizing administration device 20.
As shown in figure 3, the atomizing administration device 20 includes delivery device housing 38 and the atomizing cup for storing liquid 44 47, the atomizing cup 47 can be embedded between the top in delivery device housing 38, and atomizing cup 47 and delivery device housing 38 using can Dismounting connection, is provided for the atomising head 41 for being atomized liquid 44 in delivery device housing 38;
Atomizing cup 47 is installed on when in delivery device housing 38, the atomization air inlet pipe 42 on atomizing cup 47 and delivery device housing 38 And atomization escaping pipe 43 is connected, the gas of supply loop output is entered in atomizing cup 47 by being atomized air inlet pipe 42, into mist The gas changed in cup 47 enters breathing circuit with the liquid fog in atomizing cup 47 by being atomized escaping pipe 43.
In the embodiment of the present invention, in 38 atomization glasss of standing grooves of delivery device housing 50, atomizing cup 47 is placed by atomizing cup Groove 50 is placed and is installed in delivery device housing 38, and liquid 44, atomizing cup 47 and delivery device housing 38 are stored by atomizing cup 47 Using being detachably connected, the atomizing cup 47 of different liquids 44, the convenience that raising is used are stored so as to change as needed.Mist Change first 41 in delivery device housing 38 positioned at the underface of atomizing cup standing groove 50, when atomizing cup 47 is installed on delivery device housing 38 When interior, atomising head 41 is located at the underface of atomizing cup 47, and atomising head 41 can be passed through using the structure that can launch frequency electromagnetic waves The high-frequency electromagnetic wave energy that atomising head 41 is produced causes that the liquid 44 in atomizing cup 47 is atomized, to obtain required liquid fog;Mist Change first 41 structure types that can be specifically commonly used using the art, specially known to those skilled in the art, herein not Repeat again.
When atomizing cup 47 is installed in delivery device housing 38, the gas of supply loop output is entered by being atomized air inlet pipe 42 Enter in atomizing cup 47, the mixed gas in atomizing cup 47 can be entered in breathing circuit by being atomized after escaping pipe 43.Specific implementation When, atomization air inlet pipe 42 is connected by atomized medicine introducing air inlet connecting leg 21 with conversion valve 22, and atomization escaping pipe 43 is given by atomization Medicine outlet connecting leg 36 is connected with breathing circuit.The working condition of atomising head 41 can be by the control system control of Breathing Suppotion equipment System, the technological means realization that specifically the specific control to the course of work of atomising head 41 can be commonly used using the art, specifically Known to those skilled in the art, here is omitted.Further, it is also possible to atomization flow is set in delivery device housing 38 adjust Section device 46, the output flow of mixed gas in whole atomizing administration device 20, atomized flow can be realized by being atomized flow regulator 46 The specific work process for measuring adjuster 46 can also be controlled by the control system of Breathing Suppotion equipment, and atomization flow regulator 46 has The structure type that body can be commonly used using the art, here is omitted.
Further, it is provided for storing the atomization inner bag 39 of physiological saline 40, atomization in the delivery device housing 38 First 41 underfaces for being located at atomization inner bag 39, atomizing cup 47 is installed on when on delivery device housing 38, and the bottom of atomizing cup 47 is located at It is atomized in the physiological saline 40 of inner bag 39.
In the embodiment of the present invention, atomization inner bag 39 can be realized by above-mentioned atomizing cup standing groove 50, i.e., in atomizing cup Physiological saline 40 is placed in bottom in standing groove 50, and atomizing cup 47 is installed on the top in atomizing cup standing groove 50, atomizing cup 47 Bottom be located at physiological saline 40 in, atomizing cup 47 is installed on when in atomizing cup standing groove 50, can realize and be atomized air inlet pipe 42, The connection for being atomized escaping pipe 43 coordinates.When atomising head 41 works, can effectively be realized in atomizing cup 47 by physiological saline 40 The atomization of liquid 44.
As shown in figure 4, the atomizing cup 47 is provided with dosing mouth 48 for filling liquid 44 and described for blocking The dosing mouth closure 49 of dosing mouth 48;Be additionally provided with atomizing cup 47 atomizing cup air inlet 52 and with the atomizing cup air inlet The atomizing cup gas outlet 51 of 52 connections;
Atomizing cup 47 is connected and connected by atomizing cup air inlet 52 with atomization air inlet pipe 42, and atomizing cup 47 passes through atomizing cup Gas outlet 51 is connected and connects with atomization escaping pipe 43.
In the embodiment of the present invention, by setting dosing mouth 48 on atomizing cup 47, can be to atomizing cup 47 by dosing mouth 48 Liquid 44 needed for interior filling, dosing mouth 48 can be sealed by dosing mouth closure 49, so as to the inner liquid medicine of atomizing cup 47 After 44 atomizations, liquid fog can only be discharged by atomizing cup gas outlet 51.In order to be able to be matched with delivery device housing 38, atomizing cup 47 Upper setting atomizing cup air inlet 52 and atomizing cup air inlet 51, when atomizing cup 47 is installed in delivery device housing 38, atomization Cup air inlet 52 is connected with atomization air inlet pipe 42, and atomizing cup gas outlet 51 is connected with atomization escaping pipe 43.Additionally, in atomization Sealing ring 45 is respectively provided with air inlet pipe 42 and atomization escaping pipe 43, atomizing cup air inlet 52 and mist can be improved by sealing ring 45 Air-tightness between the air-tightness connected between changing air inlet pipe 42, and atomizing cup gas outlet 51 and atomization escaping pipe 43.
Further, the breathing circuit include air inlet branch road and outlet branch road, air inlet branch road include for receive into The breathing air inlet pipe 23 of gas, outlet branch road include for receive outlet breathing escaping pipe 24 and with it is described breathing escaping pipe 24 The carboloy dioxide canister 33 of connection, is provided for the absorption blast pipe 34 of outlet, through titanium dioxide on carboloy dioxide canister 33 Gas after carbon absorption tank 33 absorbs can be entered in breathing air inlet pipe 23 by absorbing blast pipe 34.
In the embodiment of the present invention, supply loop output gas or through atomizing administration device 20 export mixed industry gas by Breathing air inlet pipe 23 enters in breathing circuit.One end of air inlet pipe 23 is breathed by supplying connecting leg 35 and conversion valve 22 and mist Change administration outlet connecting leg 36 to connect, breathe the other end and breathing escaping pipe 24 of air inlet pipe 23 and can be connected with breathing connecting leg 25 and match somebody with somebody Close.
When breathing air inlet pipe 23, breathing escaping pipe 24 are connected with breathing connecting leg 25, supply loop is direct with breathing circuit Connect and connect, or the gas of supply loop output enters back into breathing circuit after atomizing administration device 20, gas enter breathe into In tracheae 23, and the gas of patient respiration, patient's exhalation is supplied to enter in breathing escaping pipe 24 by breathing connecting leg 25, into breathing Exhaled gas in escaping pipe 24 enter in carboloy dioxide canister 33, in absorbing exhaled gas by carboloy dioxide canister 33 Carbon dioxide, the gas after being absorbed through carboloy dioxide canister 33 can be again introduced into breathing air inlet pipe 23 by absorbing blast pipe 34 It is interior, and the source of the gas provided with supply loop together supplies patient respiration, in whole respiratory, repeats said process.
Be additionally provided with machine control respirator 27 and manual sacculus 28 in the breathing air inlet pipe 23, the machine control respirator 27 with Manual sacculus 28 is connected by being pressurized connecting tube 26 with breathing air inlet pipe 23, and determination gas flow is additionally provided with breathing air inlet pipe 23 Breather check valve.
The breathing escaping pipe 24 is provided with capnograph 31 and for indicating the outlet pressure of pressure to indicate Device 32.
In the embodiment of the present invention, in order to ensure gas can only enter in breathing circuit from breathing air inlet pipe 23, and gas enters Can only be flowed along the direction of breathing air inlet pipe 23 after entering to breathe in air inlet pipe 23, it is unidirectional to set air inlet in breathing air inlet pipe 23 Valve, breather check valve is located at supercharging connecting tube 26 with the breathing joint portion of air inlet pipe 23 and conversion valve 22 in breathing air inlet pipe Between.Can enter machine control respirator 27 and manual sacculus 28, machine control respirator 27, manual control into the gas in breathing air inlet pipe 23 Sacculus 28 can increase air pressure, and cause that gas is again introduced into breathing air inlet pipe 23, and machine control respirator 27, manual sacculus 28 have The structure type and specific work process of body are known to those skilled in the art, and here is omitted.Additionally, in breathing Pressure overflow valve 29 and admission pressure indicator 30 can also be set in air inlet pipe 23, the pressure mistake in breathing air inlet pipe 23 When big, can be discharged by pressure overflow valve 29, can be shown in real time in breathing air inlet pipe 23 by admission pressure indicator 30 Air pressure.
The carbon dioxide content of exhaled gas in breathing escaping pipe 24 is detected by capnograph 31, by outlet Pressure indicator 32 can in real time show the air pressure in breathing escaping pipe 24, capnograph 31, carboloy dioxide canister 33 structure types that can be commonly used using the art, specially known to those skilled in the art.During specific implementation, it is Ensure the flow direction of exhaled gas, in breathing escaping pipe 24 and absorb in blast pipe 34 outgassing nonreturn valve, outlet can be set The effect of check valve is similar with the effect of above-mentioned breather check valve, that is, avoid gas from entering carbon dioxide by absorbing blast pipe 34 In tourie 33, the specific effect of outgassing nonreturn valve and the course of work may be referred to the description of breather check valve, herein no longer Repeat.
Further, when Breathing Suppotion equipment uses Anesthesia machine, the supply loop is included for providing high concentration oxygen The source of oxygen 1 of gas and the air-source 11 for providing low concentration oxygen, in the oxygen, air-source 11 in the source of oxygen 1 Air can enter in the Volatile anesthetic 18 of the volatilizable anaesthetic of storage, and volatilizable anaesthetic can follow mixed oxygen in Volatile anesthetic 18 Gas, air enter breathing circuit.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the volatilizable anaesthetic of the memory storage of Volatile anesthetic 18, in the source of oxygen 1 in oxygen, air-source 11 Air mixing in Volatile anesthetic 18, and the anaesthetic of volatilization is sent into breathing circuit jointly, source of oxygen 1, air-source 11 are specific Effect and the specific course of work are known to those skilled in the art, and here is omitted.During specific implementation, source of oxygen Air amount of mixing in Volatile anesthetic 18 can preset source of oxygen 1 according to presetting in oxygen, air-source 11 in 1 It is interior output oxygen flow velocity and the delivery air of air-source 11 flow velocity, detailed process be those skilled in the art known to, this Place repeats no more.
When Breathing Suppotion equipment uses lung ventilator, supply loop can save Volatile anesthetic 18, or without in Volatile anesthetic 18 Volatilizable anaesthetic is placed, the specific difference between lung ventilator, Anesthesia machine is known to those skilled in the art, no longer to go to live in the household of one's in-laws on getting married herein State.
Source of oxygen connecting leg 5 is provided with the source of oxygen 1, one end of source of oxygen connecting leg 5 is connected with source of oxygen 1, source of oxygen The other end of connecting leg 5 is connected with source of oxygen flowmeter 6, and source of oxygen flowmeter 6 passes through source of oxygen flowmeter connecting leg 10 and Volatile anesthetic 18 connections;
Also set up on source of oxygen connecting leg 5 for the rapid air feeding pipe 8 to breathing circuit rapid air feeding, on rapid air feeding pipe 8 High-speed switch 7 is set.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the flow of oxygen in Volatile anesthetic 18 can be delivered to source of oxygen 1 by source of oxygen flowmeter 6 Counted, the structure type that source of oxygen flowmeter 6 can specifically be commonly used using the art, here is omitted.In order to The demand of rapid air feeding can be met, one end of rapid air feeding pipe 8 connects with source of oxygen connecting leg 5, the other end of rapid air feeding pipe 8 with Conversion valve 22 is connected.Volatile anesthetic 18 is connected by Volatile anesthetic connecting leg 19 with rapid air feeding pipe 8 or conversion valve 22, Volatile anesthetic 18 Interior arcotic and the gas of mixing are entered in breathing circuit by Volatile anesthetic connecting leg 19 and conversion valve 22.
When supply loop is connected with breathing circuit and connects and need rapid air feeding, high-speed switch 7, source of oxygen 1 are opened Interior oxygen passes sequentially through source of oxygen connecting leg 5, rapid air feeding pipe 8, conversion valve 22 and enters in breathing air inlet pipe 23, realizes to exhaling Suck back the rapid air feeding on road.
Be provided on the source of oxygen connecting leg 5 with source of oxygen 1 be adapted to be connected source of oxygen connector 2, for controlling to lead to The source of oxygen controlling switch 3 of gaseity and the source of oxygen control valve 4 for adjusting venting pressure.
In the embodiment of the present invention, source of oxygen connector 2 is located at the end of source of oxygen connecting leg 5, using the energy of source of oxygen connector 2 Realize the Fast Installation between source of oxygen 1 and source of oxygen connecting leg 5 and dismounting.By source of oxygen controlling switch 3 source of oxygen 1 can be controlled defeated Go out oxygen or close the output of oxygen, source of oxygen control valve 4 can use relief valve.
Further, the air-source 11 is provided with air-source connecting leg 15, one end of the air-source connecting leg 15 and air Source 11 connects, and the other end of air-source connecting leg 15 is connected with air-source flowmeter 16, and air-source flowmeter 16 passes through air source stream Gauge connecting leg 17 is connected with Volatile anesthetic 18;
Air-source connecting leg 15 is connected by air-source rapid air feeding pipe 9 with source of oxygen connecting leg 5, air-source rapid air feeding pipe 9 Upper setting air-source high-speed switch 37.
In the embodiment of the present invention, air-source connector 12 is set on air-source connecting leg 15, air-source connector 12 is located at The end of air-source connecting leg 15, the Fast Installation of air-source 11 and air-source connecting leg 15 can be realized by air-source connector 12 With dismounting.Air-source connector 12, source of oxygen connector 2 can use identical structure, and specific constructive form can be according to need Selected, specifically chosen determination process is that here is omitted known to those skilled in the art.In air-source connecting leg 15 On be additionally provided with control the output state of air-source 11 air-source controlling switch 13 and for adjust venting pressure air-source adjust Section valve 14, air-source control valve 14 can use relief valve.Air-source 11 can be exported by air-source flowmeter 16 Air capacity is counted.
Additionally, air-source connecting leg 15 is connected by air-source rapid air feeding pipe 9 with source of oxygen connecting leg 5, air-source is quickly supplied Air-source high-speed switch 37 is set on tracheae 9., it is necessary to rapid air feeding in the case of oxygen deficiency in source of oxygen 1 or anaerobic source of the gas 1 When, air-source high-speed switch 37 and high-speed switch 7 can be opened, the air in air-source 11 is by air-source connecting leg 15, sky Source of the gas rapid air feeding pipe 9, rapid air feeding pipe 8 and valve connecting leg 35 enter in breathing circuit, realize the quick confession of air-source 11 Gas.
Present invention supply loop, atomizing administration device are connected by conversion valve 22 with breathing circuit, by switch transition valve First connection status of door 22 and the second connection status, can realize the direct supply to breathing circuit, or realize to breathing circuit It is administered while supply, can effectively realizes nebulae inhalation, improves the convenience and reliability of atomization, it is safe and reliable.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system, including breathing circuit and connects with the breathing circuit The supply loop for connecing;It is characterized in that:Also include the atomized medicine introducing that can store liquid (44) and liquid (44) atomization that will be stored Device (20), the liquid fog after being atomized through atomizing administration device (20) can follow the gas that supply loop exports to enter breathing circuit.
2. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 1 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:Also include tool There is the conversion valve (22) of the first connection status and the second connection status, the atomizing administration device (20), supply loop pass through Conversion valve (22) is connected with breathing circuit;
When conversion valve (22) is in the first connection status, only supplies loop and be connected with breathing circuit by conversion valve (22) And connect, the gas of supply loop output enters breathing circuit by conversion valve (22);
When conversion valve (22) is in the second connection status, supply loop passes sequentially through conversion valve (22) and atomized medicine introducing Device (22) is connected and connects with supply loop, and the gas of supply loop output enters in atomizing administration device (20), and atomization is given Liquid fog in medicine device (20) brings breathing circuit into.
3. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 1 and 2 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:It is described Atomizing cup (47) of the atomizing administration device (20) including delivery device housing (38) and for storing liquid (44), the atomizing cup (47) can be embedded to be used between the top in delivery device housing (38), and atomizing cup (47) and delivery device housing (38) and detachably connect Connect, the atomising head (41) for being atomized liquid (44) is provided in delivery device housing (38);
Atomizing cup (47) be installed on delivery device housing (38) it is interior when, the atomization air inlet on atomizing cup (47) and delivery device housing (38) Pipe (42) and atomization escaping pipe (43) connection, the gas of supply loop output enter atomizing cup by being atomized air inlet pipe (42) (47) in, exhaled by being atomized escaping pipe (43) entrance with the liquid fog in atomizing cup (47) into the gas in atomizing cup (47) Suck back road.
4. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 3 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:Given described It is provided for storing the atomization inner bag (39) of physiological saline (40) in medicine device housing (38), atomising head (41) is positioned at atomization inner bag (39) underface, atomizing cup (47) is installed on when on delivery device housing (38), and the bottom of atomizing cup (47) is located at atomization inner bag (39) in physiological saline (40).
5. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 4 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:The atomization Cup (47) is provided with dosing mouth (48) for filling liquid (44) and close for blocking the dosing mouth of the dosing mouth (48) Capping (49);Atomizing cup air inlet (52) and the mist connected with the atomizing cup air inlet (52) are additionally provided with atomizing cup (47) Change cup gas outlet (51);
Atomizing cup (47) is connected and connected by atomizing cup air inlet (52) with atomization air inlet pipe (42), and atomizing cup (47) is by mist Change cup gas outlet (51) to be connected and connect with atomization escaping pipe (43).
6. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 1 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:The breathing Loop includes air inlet branch road and outlet branch road, and air inlet branch road includes the breathing air inlet pipe (23) for receiving air inlet, outlet branch Road includes being used for the breathing escaping pipe (24) for receiving outlet and the carbon dioxide absorption being connected with breathing escaping pipe (24) Tank (33), is provided for the absorption blast pipe (34) of outlet, through carboloy dioxide canister (33) on carboloy dioxide canister (33) Gas after absorption can be entered in breathing air inlet pipe (23) by absorbing blast pipe (34).
7. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 6 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:The breathing Machine control respirator (27) and manual sacculus (28), the machine control respirator (27) and manual sacculus are additionally provided with air inlet pipe (23) (28) it is connected with breathing air inlet pipe (23) by being pressurized connecting tube (26), determination gas flow is additionally provided with breathing air inlet pipe (23) Breather check valve.
8. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 1 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:The supply Loop includes the source of oxygen (1) and the air-source (11) for providing low concentration oxygen for providing high-concentration oxygen, described The air in oxygen, air-source (11) in source of oxygen (1) can enter in the Volatile anesthetic (18) of the volatilizable anaesthetic of storage, volatilization Volatilizable anaesthetic can follow mixed oxygen, air to enter breathing circuit in tank (18).
9. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 8 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:In the oxygen Source of the gas (1) is provided with source of oxygen connecting leg (5), and one end of source of oxygen connecting leg (5) is connected with source of oxygen (1), source of oxygen connecting leg (5) The other end is connected with source of oxygen flowmeter (6), and source of oxygen flowmeter (6) is by source of oxygen flowmeter connecting leg (10) and Volatile anesthetic (18) connect;
Also set up on source of oxygen connecting leg (5) for the rapid air feeding pipe (8) to breathing circuit rapid air feeding, rapid air feeding pipe (8) Upper setting high-speed switch (7).
10. the Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration according to claim 8 sets backup breathing system, it is characterized in that:The sky Source of the gas (11) is provided with air-source connecting leg (15), and one end of the air-source connecting leg (15) is connected with air-source (11), air-source The other end of connecting leg (15) is connected with air-source flowmeter (16), and air-source flowmeter (16) is by air-source flowmeter connecting leg (17) it is connected with Volatile anesthetic (18);
Air-source connecting leg (15) is connected by air-source rapid air feeding pipe (9) with source of oxygen connecting leg (5), air-source rapid air feeding pipe (9) air-source high-speed switch (36) is set on.
CN201710228538.1A 2017-04-10 2017-04-10 The Breathing Suppotion of aerosolizable administration sets backup breathing system Pending CN106860992A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108525087A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-14 中国人民解放军陆军军医大学第附属医院 Medical treatment and nursing atomizer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108525087A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-14 中国人民解放军陆军军医大学第附属医院 Medical treatment and nursing atomizer

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