CN106859882A - 一种护理床 - Google Patents

一种护理床 Download PDF

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CN106859882A
CN106859882A CN201710167440.XA CN201710167440A CN106859882A CN 106859882 A CN106859882 A CN 106859882A CN 201710167440 A CN201710167440 A CN 201710167440A CN 106859882 A CN106859882 A CN 106859882A
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lifting arm
bed
bed surface
bedstead
care bed
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赵丰盛
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/001Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with means for turning-over the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1001Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto specially adapted for specific applications
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1013Lifting of patients by
    • A61G7/1017Pivoting arms, e.g. crane type mechanisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1025Lateral movement of patients, e.g. horizontal transfer
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • A61G7/1051Flexible harnesses or slings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G7/1082Rests specially adapted for
    • A61G7/109Lower body, e.g. pelvis, buttocks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G7/1082Rests specially adapted for
    • A61G7/1096Knee, upper or lower leg
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/10Type of patient
    • A61G2200/20Type of patient with asymmetric abilities, e.g. hemiplegic or missing a limb
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/10General characteristics of devices characterised by specific control means, e.g. for adjustment or steering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/70General characteristics of devices with special adaptations, e.g. for safety or comfort

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Invalid Beds And Related Equipment (AREA)

Abstract

一种护理床,包括床板、床架、床腿和床垫,其特征在于,依托于床架在床面上方安装有起吊臂,所述起吊臂通过螺杆螺母装置可以沿床面纵向进行位移,在起吊臂上设置有独立起重装置,以便在床面上方帮助病人实现各种功能。本发明具有以下优点:一是床面不再被分割,克服了现有护理床的不舒服感;二是可以开发更多潜在功能;三是各种功能的实现都是通过吊索来衔接的,自由度更大。

Description

一种护理床
技术领域
本发明涉及一种护理床。
背景技术
失能和半失能人员,很多时间不得不在床上度过。如何解决他们的吃喝拉撒以及仰卧起坐,不仅直接关系到他们的生活质量,而且涉及伺候人员的数量和劳动强度。为此,人们设计了附带各种功能的护理床,在很大程度上减轻了伺候人员的数量和劳动强度。但是,由于这些护理床附带的各种功能,都是结合床面实现的,因此床面往往被分割得支离破碎,严重影响病人的舒适感。
发明内容
本发明的目的就是为了克服上述现有技术的缺陷,从而提供一种使用舒适、操作方便的护理床。
本发明的目的可以通过以下技术方案来实现:
一种护理床,包括床板、床架、床腿和床垫,其特征在于,依托于床架在床面上方安装有起吊臂,所述起吊臂可以沿床面纵向进行位移,起吊臂的位移是通过螺杆螺母装置实现的,在起吊臂上设置有独立起重装置,以便在床面上方帮助病人实现各种功能。
与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点:
一是床面不再被分割,克服了现有护理床的不舒服感;二是可以发挥更多的潜在功能;三是各种功能的实现都是通过吊索来衔接的,自由度更大。
附图说明
图1为本发明的结构示意图;
图2为本发明的床板结构示意图;
图3为本发明的床垫结构示意图;
图4为本发明的人体吊环结构示意图;
图5为本发明的床板“C”部分锁定装置示意图;
图6为本发明的可转动连接装置的结构示意图。
其中:1-床板、2-床架、3-床腿、4-起吊臂①、5-起吊臂②、6-横梁①、7-横梁②、8-马达①、9-马达②、10-起重装置①、11-起重装置②、12-起重装置③、13-起重装置④、14-螺杆①、15-螺母①、16-螺杆②、17-螺母②、18-卷轴⑤、19-卷轴⑥、20-卷轴⑦、21-卷轴⑧、22-卷轴⑨、23-卷轴⑩、24-转轴①、25-转轴②、26-横梁③、27-横梁④、28-吊索⑤、29-吊钩①、30-吊索⑥、31-吊钩②、32-吊索⑦、33-吊钩③、34-吊索⑧、35-吊钩④、36-吊索⑨、37-吊钩⑤、38-吊索⑩、39-吊钩⑥、40-可转动连接装置①、41-可转动连接装置②、42-可转动连接装置③、43-可转动连接装置④、44-连接合页、45-挂接环A、46-挂接环C、47-床垫、48-起吊环①、49-起吊环②、50-固定环、51-固定柱、52-束环、53-定位环、54-起吊挂环、55-固定销、56-定位板、57-固定轴、58-滚轮。
具体实施方式
下面结合附图对本发明进行详细说明。
一种护理床,包括:1-床板、2-床架、3-床腿、4-起吊臂①、5-起吊臂②、6-横梁①、7-横梁②、8-马达①、9-马达②、10-起重装置①、11-起重装置②、12-起重装置③、13-起重装置④、26-横梁③、27-横梁④等。其中,床板1分为“A”、“B”、“C”三部分,并通过连接合页44连接在一起,“A”、“C”部分分别可以沿箭头“W”和箭头“X”方向进行角度调整。床垫47划分为“D”和“E”两部分,由于床垫47是软的,所以铺在床板1上不会影响“A”、“C”部分的角度调整。在横梁①和横梁②上设置有起吊臂①和起吊臂②,在起吊臂①上分别设置有起重装置①和起重装置③,在起吊臂②上分别设置有起重装置②和起重装置④,起吊臂①和起吊臂②分别通过可转动连接装置①、可转动连接装置②和可转动连接装置③、可转动连接装置④构架在横梁①和横梁②上,并分别在螺杆①、螺母①和螺杆②、螺母②的作用下,实现起吊臂①和起吊臂②在横梁①和横梁②的往返移动。螺杆①和螺杆②固定在横梁③和横梁④上,并分别连接马达①或马达②。启动马达①或马达②,实现起吊臂①或起吊臂②的位移,从而使吊钩①、吊钩②、吊钩③、吊钩④、吊钩⑤或吊钩⑥根据需要悬停在沿床面纵向的任意位置,以便帮助病人实现坐起、翻身、提升臀部放入便盆等,甚至将病人全身整体提升以便更换床单、褥子等。下面分别加以详细描述:一是病人需要坐起时,首先启动马达②,通过螺杆②、螺母②将起吊臂①悬停在适当位置,将吊钩①和吊钩②钩住挂接环A,然后启动起重装置①,通过收缩吊索⑤和吊索⑥,使床板1的“A”部分沿箭头“W”方向改变与床架2的角度,并停留在适当位置,从而实现病人直坐或半躺。二是病人需要翻身时,先启动马达②,通过螺杆②、螺母②将起吊臂①悬停在适当位置,将吊钩③钩住起吊环①,然后启动起重装置③,通过收缩吊索⑦使床垫47的“D”部分向上提升,由于此时床垫47的固定环50挂在床板1上的固定柱51上,因此床垫47不会被整体抽动,且由于起重装置③位于床垫47的“D”部分和“E”部分结合部的上方,所以“D”部分只会沿箭头“Y”的方向向上提升,并与“E”部分形成直角,从而使病人完成翻身;如果病人欲反方向翻身,只需将吊钩③钩住起吊环②,并释放固定环50,同时用相同的结构将“D”部分固定在床板1上,然后提升“E”部分即可实现。三是需提升臀部放入便盆时,首先启动马达①,通过螺杆①、螺母①将起吊臂②悬停在适当位置,将人体吊环的束环52套在病人的膝关节处,用定位环53固定后,将吊钩⑥钩住起吊挂环54,然后启动起重装置④,通过收缩吊索⑩使病人的腿部和臀部一并抬起,以便放入便盆。四是将病人整体吊离床面以便更换床单、褥子等。用2个人体吊环,将其中一个人体吊环的束环52套在病人的腋下,将另一个人体吊环的束环52套在病人的臀部,并分别用定位环53固定后,将吊钩③和吊钩⑥分别钩住2个人体吊环的起吊挂环54,然后同时启动起重装置③和起重装置④,通过收缩吊索⑦和吊索⑩使病人整个身体吊离床面,以便更换床单、褥子等。五是调整床板1的“C”部分的角度时,首先先启动马达①,通过螺杆①、螺母①将起吊臂②悬停在适当位置,将吊钩④和吊钩⑤钩住挂接环C,转动定位板56,释放定位销55,然后启动起重装置②,通过延伸吊索⑧和吊索⑨,使床板1的“C”部分沿箭头“X”方向改变与床架2的角度,并根据需要停留在适当位置。

Claims (4)

1.一种护理床,包括床板、床架、床腿和床垫等,其特征在于,依托于床架在床面上方安装有起吊臂。
2.根据权利要求1所述的护理床,其特征在于,在起吊臂上设置有独立起重装置。
3.根据权利要求1、2所述的护理床,其特征在于,所述起吊臂可以沿床面纵向进行位移。
4.根据权利要求1、2、3所述的护理床,其特征在于,起吊臂的位移是通过螺杆螺母装置实现的。
CN201710167440.XA 2017-03-21 2017-03-21 一种护理床 Pending CN106859882A (zh)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109091320A (zh) * 2018-08-04 2018-12-28 深圳市中科创想科技有限责任公司 一种瘫痪病人护理系统的使用方法
CN112022562A (zh) * 2020-10-09 2020-12-04 新余市人民医院 一种适用于重度脑卒中患者恢复期的运动康复治疗床
WO2021042953A1 (zh) * 2019-09-06 2021-03-11 湖南佩蕾斯特科技有限公司 一种护理设备

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US5815859A (en) * 1996-02-01 1998-10-06 Lavin; Manuel S. Lift strap
CN1699031A (zh) * 2004-05-17 2005-11-23 韩泰康 智慧型护士机器人
CN201333148Y (zh) * 2008-11-25 2009-10-28 李扬德 一种物理保健床
CN102008381A (zh) * 2010-12-12 2011-04-13 徐道胜 一种医用床
CN201912360U (zh) * 2010-11-15 2011-08-03 汪焕保 多功能护理床
CN202776856U (zh) * 2012-06-18 2013-03-13 王子云 一种可拆卸、可遥控移动的病患抬起装置
CN105326618A (zh) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-17 厚福医疗装备有限公司 一种双旋转患者轮换转移装置
CN106236430A (zh) * 2016-03-04 2016-12-21 吴土泉 多功能医用保健床

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5815859A (en) * 1996-02-01 1998-10-06 Lavin; Manuel S. Lift strap
CN1699031A (zh) * 2004-05-17 2005-11-23 韩泰康 智慧型护士机器人
CN201333148Y (zh) * 2008-11-25 2009-10-28 李扬德 一种物理保健床
CN201912360U (zh) * 2010-11-15 2011-08-03 汪焕保 多功能护理床
CN102008381A (zh) * 2010-12-12 2011-04-13 徐道胜 一种医用床
CN202776856U (zh) * 2012-06-18 2013-03-13 王子云 一种可拆卸、可遥控移动的病患抬起装置
CN105326618A (zh) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-17 厚福医疗装备有限公司 一种双旋转患者轮换转移装置
CN106236430A (zh) * 2016-03-04 2016-12-21 吴土泉 多功能医用保健床

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109091320A (zh) * 2018-08-04 2018-12-28 深圳市中科创想科技有限责任公司 一种瘫痪病人护理系统的使用方法
CN109091320B (zh) * 2018-08-04 2021-03-26 深圳市中科创想科技有限责任公司 一种瘫痪病人护理系统的使用方法
WO2021042953A1 (zh) * 2019-09-06 2021-03-11 湖南佩蕾斯特科技有限公司 一种护理设备
CN112022562A (zh) * 2020-10-09 2020-12-04 新余市人民医院 一种适用于重度脑卒中患者恢复期的运动康复治疗床

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Application publication date: 20170620