CN106814676B - System, method and device for monitoring and managing building energy consumption - Google Patents

System, method and device for monitoring and managing building energy consumption Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106814676B
CN106814676B CN201710150103.XA CN201710150103A CN106814676B CN 106814676 B CN106814676 B CN 106814676B CN 201710150103 A CN201710150103 A CN 201710150103A CN 106814676 B CN106814676 B CN 106814676B
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energy consumption
information
corresponding room
remote terminal
abnormal
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CN106814676A (en
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郜红兵
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Anhui Denuo Technology Co ltd
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Anhui Denuo Technology Co ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/048Monitoring; Safety

Abstract

A system for building energy consumption monitoring and management is provided, comprising: remote terminal, server, centralized control ware and at least one monitor terminal. The monitoring terminals are used for monitoring state information and/or energy consumption information of corresponding rooms and transmitting the state information and/or the energy consumption information to the centralized controller; the server receives and analyzes the state information and/or the energy consumption information from the centralized controller, judges whether the energy consumption of the corresponding room is abnormal or not, and sends an abnormal condition to the remote terminal when the energy consumption of the corresponding room is determined to be abnormal; the remote terminal receives the instruction of the user to the abnormal condition and sends the instruction to the server. The embodiment of the invention not only can realize the real-time detection and presentation of the energy consumption information, but also can detect the energy consumption abnormity in real time, such as positioning fault equipment, determining the house stealing condition and the like, thereby being convenient for timely troubleshooting, being simple and convenient to maintain and ensuring the energy consumption safety of the whole building.

Description

System, method and device for monitoring and managing building energy consumption
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of building energy consumption monitoring, in particular to a system, a method and a device for building energy consumption monitoring and management.
Background
The energy consumption management of current hotel develops towards the intellectuality, and remote monitoring and management system of hotel energy consumption is indispensable energy consumption monitoring means in the hotel operation management, and degree of automation is high, the operation is reliable, can strengthen intelligent management, use the energy consumption monitored control system that the maintenance cost is low, is the inevitable requirement in the intelligent management of hotel.
Traditional hotel energy consumption monitoring needs to be divided into monitoring and control, and a timer or a light controller is mainly adopted, so that energy consumption equipment is started or closed at a specified time, remote monitoring cannot be achieved, and real-time remote management cannot be achieved. The equipment inspection usually adopts the mode of manual inspection and customer complaint to inspect the operating condition of energy consumption equipment, consumes a large amount of manpower and material resources, when breaking down, must arrange personnel to carry out on-the-spot salvage and maintenance to lack intelligent control function, response time is long.
On the other hand, the traditional monitoring and control system lacks the functions of remote telemetering, remote control, remote regulation, remote signaling and metering, can not realize timely positioning and removal of faults, needs to consume a large amount of manpower and material resources, can not realize intelligent control, and can not realize real-time monitoring of energy consumption; meanwhile, the situations of hotel room stealing and cash running cannot be monitored and positioned.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention has been made in view of the above problems. The invention provides a system, a method and a device for monitoring and managing building energy consumption, which can remotely monitor the energy consumption of a building in real time, detect the energy consumption abnormity in real time and ensure the energy consumption safety of the whole building.
According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system for building energy consumption monitoring and management, comprising: a remote terminal, a server, a centralized controller and at least one monitoring terminal,
the at least one monitoring terminal is used for monitoring state information and/or energy consumption information of a corresponding room and transmitting the state information and/or the energy consumption information to the centralized controller;
the centralized controller sends the state information and/or the energy consumption information received from the at least one monitoring terminal to the server;
the server analyzes the state information and/or the energy consumption information, judges whether the corresponding room has energy consumption abnormity, and sends an abnormal condition to the remote terminal when the energy consumption abnormity of the corresponding room is determined;
and the remote terminal receives an instruction of the user on the abnormal condition and sends the instruction to the server.
Illustratively, the at least one monitoring terminal is connected with at least one of an indoor temperature sensor, a water quantity metering device, an electricity metering device and an air consumption metering device of the corresponding room,
the state information includes an indoor temperature of the corresponding room, and the energy consumption information includes at least one of a water amount, an electric quantity, and an air consumption amount of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the system is a system for monitoring and managing energy consumption of hotels, and the server includes a room source abnormal use detection module for:
judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
Illustratively, the check-in of the corresponding room is obtained by the server from a room management system.
Illustratively, the system is a hotel energy consumption monitoring and management system, the server comprises a prediction module and a house source abnormal use detection module,
the prediction module is configured to: predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building;
the house source abnormal use detection module is used for: judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room according to the current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room predicted by the prediction module and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
Illustratively, the server further comprises an energy consumption security module for:
receiving first indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first indication information indicates that the corresponding room is not abnormally used;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
Illustratively, the energy consumption security module is further configured to:
receiving second indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second indication information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy consumption does not have a fault;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the system is a system for monitoring and managing energy consumption of a hotel, and the server includes an energy consumption security module for:
judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, positioning equipment with abnormal energy consumption;
and sending first warning information to the remote terminal, wherein the first warning information indicates the equipment with abnormal energy consumption.
Illustratively, the server further comprises a house source abnormal use detection module,
the energy consumption safety module is further configured to: receiving first command information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first command information indicates that no fault exists in equipment with abnormal energy;
the room source abnormal use detection module is used for judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room when the energy consumption safety module still determines that the corresponding room has the abnormal energy consumption; and if the corresponding room is determined to have abnormal use, sending second warning information to the remote terminal.
Illustratively, the house source abnormal use detection module is configured to:
and judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the server further comprises a prediction module,
the prediction module is configured to: predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building;
the house source abnormal use detection module is used for: and judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the current state information and/or the current energy consumption information of the corresponding room predicted by the prediction module and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller.
Illustratively, the energy consumption security module is further configured to:
receiving second command information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second command information indicates that abnormal use does not exist in the corresponding room;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, third warning information is sent to the remote terminal, and the third warning information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the centralized controller communicates with the at least one monitoring terminal over a low voltage power line. Illustratively, the low voltage power line is a power supply line within the building.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of building energy consumption monitoring and management, comprising:
receiving status information and/or energy consumption information from a centralized controller;
analyzing the state information and/or the energy consumption information, and judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in a room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending the abnormal condition to a remote terminal.
Illustratively, the analyzing the state information and/or the energy consumption information to determine whether an energy consumption abnormality exists in a room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information includes:
judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending the abnormal condition to a remote terminal, including:
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
Illustratively, the analyzing the state information and/or the energy consumption information to determine whether an energy consumption abnormality exists in a room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information includes:
predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building;
judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room according to the current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room predicted by the prediction module and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending the abnormal condition to a remote terminal, including:
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
Exemplarily, the method further comprises the following steps:
receiving first indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first indication information indicates that the corresponding room is not abnormally used;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
Exemplarily, the method further comprises the following steps:
receiving second indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second indication information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy consumption does not have a fault;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the analyzing the state information and/or the energy consumption information to determine whether an energy consumption abnormality exists in a room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information includes:
judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending the abnormal condition to a remote terminal, including:
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, positioning equipment with abnormal energy consumption;
and sending first warning information to the remote terminal, wherein the first warning information indicates the equipment with abnormal energy consumption.
Exemplarily, the method further comprises the following steps:
receiving first command information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first command information indicates that no fault exists in equipment with abnormal energy;
if the corresponding room is still determined to have abnormal energy consumption, judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal use or not according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room;
and if the corresponding room is determined to have abnormal use, sending second warning information to the remote terminal.
Illustratively, the determining whether the corresponding room has abnormal use according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room includes:
and judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the determining whether the corresponding room has abnormal use according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room includes:
predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building;
and judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the predicted current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room and the received state information and/or energy consumption information of the corresponding room.
Exemplarily, the method further comprises the following steps:
receiving second command information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second command information indicates that abnormal use does not exist in the corresponding room;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, third warning information is sent to the remote terminal, and the third warning information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the status information includes an indoor temperature of the corresponding room, and the energy consumption information includes at least one of a water amount, an electricity amount, and an air consumption amount of the corresponding room.
The method of the second aspect can be performed by the server of the first aspect.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for building energy consumption monitoring and management, which is capable of performing the method for building energy consumption monitoring and management of the aforementioned second aspect.
According to a fourth aspect of the invention, there is provided a computer chip comprising a processor and a memory. The memory stores instruction codes, the processor is used for executing the instruction codes, and when the processor executes the instruction codes, the method for monitoring and managing the building energy consumption of the second aspect can be realized.
Therefore, the embodiment of the invention can realize real-time detection and presentation of energy consumption information, and can detect energy consumption abnormity in real time, such as positioning fault equipment, determining house stealing conditions and the like, so that faults can be eliminated in time conveniently, the maintenance is simple and convenient, and the energy consumption safety of the whole building is ensured. Moreover, prediction can be carried out according to historical data, and an energy-saving strategy is given, so that the aim of saving energy can be fulfilled.
Drawings
The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in more detail embodiments of the present invention with reference to the attached drawings. The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings, like reference numbers generally represent like parts or steps.
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of a building energy consumption monitoring and management system of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is another schematic block diagram of a system for building energy consumption monitoring and management of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a modem technique of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic flow chart of a method of building energy consumption monitoring and management of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is another schematic flow chart of a method of building energy consumption monitoring and management of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is another schematic flow chart diagram of a method of building energy consumption monitoring and management of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is another schematic flow chart diagram of a method of building energy consumption monitoring and management of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of an apparatus for building energy consumption monitoring and management in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, exemplary embodiments according to the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely a subset of embodiments of the invention and not all embodiments of the invention, with the understanding that the invention is not limited to the example embodiments described herein. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments of the invention described herein without inventive step, shall fall within the scope of protection of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of a system for building energy consumption monitoring and management in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The system shown in fig. 1 comprises: a remote terminal 101, a server 102, a centralized controller 103 and at least one monitoring terminal 104.
The at least one monitoring terminal 104 is configured to monitor status information and/or energy consumption information of a corresponding room, and transmit the status information and/or the energy consumption information to the centralized controller 103;
the centralized controller 103 sends the status information and/or the energy consumption information received from the at least one monitoring terminal to the server 102;
the server 102 analyzes the state information and/or the energy consumption information, judges whether energy consumption abnormality exists in a corresponding room, and sends an abnormal condition to the remote terminal 101 when determining that the energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room;
the remote terminal 101 receives an instruction of the user for the abnormal condition and sends the instruction to the server 102.
Optionally, the server 102 may send the status information and/or the energy consumption information to the remote terminal, so that data detected by at least one monitoring terminal may be viewed and monitored in real time at the remote terminal, thereby implementing visual management of the system.
The number of the at least one monitoring terminal 104 may be one or multiple. When at least one monitoring terminal 104 is a plurality of monitoring terminals 104, the centralized controller 103 may simultaneously display the energy consumption information monitored by the plurality of monitoring terminals 104 on the remote terminal 101 in real time via the server 102, so as to view the energy consumption information of the whole building and the energy consumption distribution of the whole building in real time, and implement the visual management of the system.
For example, in the embodiment of the present invention, the remote terminal 101 and the server 102 may communicate in a wired or wireless manner, and the remote terminal 101 and the server 102 may communicate in any one or more of a plurality of communication manners, which is not limited in the present invention. Illustratively, the remote terminal 101 may communicate with the server 102 via wireless signal transmission means, as shown in fig. 2. Wherein the wireless signal transmission means may be provided in the remote terminal 101 and/or in the server 102, or the wireless signal transmission means may be a separate device independent of the remote terminal 101 and the server 102. For example, the wireless signal transmission device may be an Internet (Internet) network, a mobile communication network (such as a GPRS network, an LTE network, etc.), a WIFI network, etc.
Illustratively, the remote terminal 101 may include a processor, memory, a display, an input device, and an output device. For example, the remote terminal 101 may be a remote computer, a smart phone, a tablet computer, a smart wearable device, and the like. For example, the remote computer and the server 102 may be connected through a local area network, a wide area network, or the like, and a specific application program (APP) may be installed on a smart phone, a tablet computer, a smart wearable device, or the like, and connected to the server 102 in a wireless manner. For example, the remote terminal 101 may be connected to the server 102 in a WIFI or ethernet manner.
Illustratively, the centralized controller 103 and the at least one monitoring terminal 104 may communicate over a low voltage power line. Alternatively, the low voltage power line may be a power supply line within the building. The server 102 and the centralized controller 103 may communicate over a communication channel. In this way, the centralized controller 103 may receive the state information and the energy consumption information transmitted by the monitoring terminal 104 through the power line, and send the information to the server 102 through the communication channel, which may save wiring and cost. Illustratively, the communication channel between the server 102 and the centralized controller 103 may be based on any one of an RS232 serial port, a WIFI network, an ethernet network, and a cellular network. The cellular network may be a GSM network, a GPRS network, an LTE network, a future 5G network, or the like.
For example, the centralized controller 103 and the at least one monitoring terminal 104 may both be connected to a 220 volt (V) low voltage power line within a building. For example, the power supply line may be a non-polar power line.
Illustratively, in the embodiment of the present invention, the centralized controller 103 and the at least one monitoring terminal 104 are both connected to the low-voltage power lines in the building through a power conversion circuit, as shown in fig. 2. Optionally, the power conversion circuit may adopt a linear isolation rectification power supply or a switching regulated power supply, and the range of the dc voltage output by the power conversion circuit may be 3.3V to 15V, which enables direct transmission of the low-voltage power communication signal.
Therefore, data transmission between the centralized controller 103 and the at least one monitoring terminal 104 can be realized only by the original power transmission line in the building without any other equipment. The wiring (the control line) can be omitted by adopting the original low-voltage power line. In addition, the method of adding the non-polar power line can further optimize installation and construction, so that the construction is more convenient and faster.
Therefore, in the embodiment of the invention, only 2 power lines are needed and any connection is performed, so that the information interaction between the centralized controller 103 and at least one monitoring terminal 104 can be realized, the wiring cost is saved, and the reliability of the system is improved. The specific principle is that a modulation and demodulation technology is used, as shown in fig. 3, a control signal is modulated to a power supply line, and then the control signal is demodulated by a receiving end, so that direct transmission of a low-voltage power communication signal is realized, and the purposes of saving, convenience and convenience in maintenance are achieved.
Illustratively, as shown in fig. 2, the monitoring terminal 104 is connected to at least one of an indoor temperature sensor, a water amount metering device, an electricity metering device and a gas usage metering device of the corresponding room. Accordingly, the state information includes the indoor temperature of the corresponding room, and the energy consumption information includes at least one of water amount, electricity amount, and gas consumption amount of the corresponding room. For example, the water amount detection control metering device may be a water meter, the electric quantity metering device may be an electric meter, the gas consumption metering device may be a gas meter, and the like, which is not limited in the present invention.
Specifically, the monitoring terminal 104 may have a control signal terminal, and the control signal terminal of the monitoring terminal 104 is connected to at least one of an indoor temperature sensor, a water amount metering device, an electricity metering device, and an air consumption metering device of a corresponding room. Illustratively, the monitoring terminal 104 may be connected to at least one of the temperature sensor, the water metering device, the electricity metering device and the gas consumption metering device by means of RS485, RS232, CAN, SPI, I2C, and the like.
In the embodiment of the invention, the monitoring terminal 104 can monitor the water, electricity, gas and warm (heat) energy consumption of the corresponding room at the same time, has the functions of remote measurement, remote control, remote regulation, remote signaling and real-time measurement and acquisition, and can detect the state information and the energy consumption state in time.
Optionally, as an implementation manner, the building energy consumption monitoring and managing system in the embodiment of the present invention may be a hotel energy consumption monitoring and managing system. The server 102 may include a power consumption security module and a house source abnormal usage detection module.
The house source abnormal use detection module may be configured to: judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
In this embodiment, the check-in situation of the corresponding room may be obtained by the server from the room management system. For example, it may be obtained from the room management system by the server's house source abnormal use detection module. It is understood that the room management system may be a system or the like responsible for managing hotel room source services, which may also be referred to as a room registration system or the like, and may include check-in situations for various rooms of the hotel. The guest room management system can be accessed to the building energy consumption monitoring and management system of the embodiment of the invention, so that a server in the building energy consumption monitoring and management system can acquire the registration check-in condition.
Illustratively, the first warning information may be a system message or a short message. For example, if the remote terminal is a desktop computer, the first alert information may be a system message. If the remote terminal is a smart phone, the first warning message may be a short message. The invention is not limited in this regard.
The occurrence of the energy consumption abnormality in the corresponding room (e.g., room a) may include: the corresponding room is determined to be not checked in according to the check-in situation, but the corresponding room generates energy consumption (or the generated energy consumption is greater than a preset minimum threshold). At this time, the house source abnormal use detection module may accordingly consider that there may be abnormal use in the corresponding room. Wherein the presence of abnormal usage of the corresponding room may include: the corresponding room has room stealing phenomenon or cash evasion phenomenon. It is understood that the first alarm information may be used to indicate that the corresponding room is abnormally used, that is, the corresponding room may have a room stealing phenomenon or a cash evasion phenomenon.
Further, after the first warning information is transmitted to the remote terminal 101, the manager may perform manual verification. For example, whether an entry error due to a registered check-in situation is a house stealing phenomenon or a cash slip phenomenon does exist.
As can be seen, the server 102 includes a room source abnormal use detection module, and can determine whether the hotel may have the situations of room stealing, cash evasion, and the like, so that the manager of the hotel can be notified to check in time through the first warning information, and economic loss is avoided.
Alternatively, if the manager verifies that there is no abnormal use in the corresponding room, i.e., there is no room stealing or cash slip phenomenon, a first indication information indicating that there is no abnormal use in the corresponding room may be input at the remote terminal 101. For example, the manager verifies that the registration check-in condition of the room a has an entry error, timely corrects the entry error, and inputs the first instruction information after correction.
Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the first indication information to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the first indication information sent by the remote terminal; if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
The second warning information may be a system message or a short message, for example. For example, if the remote terminal is a desktop computer, the second alert information may be a system message. If the remote terminal is a smart phone, the second warning message may be a short message. The invention is not limited in this regard.
Illustratively, if the corresponding room a still has the phenomenon of abnormal energy consumption, various items of energy consumption of the room a, such as air conditioners, water heaters, lighting, water consumption, gas consumption, heat consumption and the like, can be analyzed, so as to locate the abnormal energy consumption equipment (e.g., equipment D). After sending the second warning message to the remote terminal 101, the maintenance personnel may detect whether the equipment (i.e., the equipment with abnormal energy located) has a fault according to the second warning message. Therefore, maintenance personnel can timely overhaul the equipment with faults according to the second alarm information of the server 102, and potential safety hazards are avoided.
Alternatively, if the service person determines that the equipment has no fault through the service, second indication information indicating that the equipment with abnormal energy use has no fault may be input at the remote terminal 101. For example, the service personnel detects the equipment according to the second alarm information, and inputs second indication information when finding that the equipment has no fault. For example, the service person detects the equipment according to the second alarm information, finds that the equipment does have a fault, then completes the maintenance of the equipment, and inputs the second indication information when the equipment after the maintenance does not have a fault.
Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the second indication information to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the second indication information sent by the remote terminal; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
Illustratively, the third warning information may be a system message or a short message. For example, if the remote terminal is a desktop computer, the third alert information may be a system message. If the remote terminal is a smart phone, the third warning message may be a short message. The invention is not limited in this regard.
Illustratively, if the corresponding room a still has the phenomenon of abnormal energy consumption, third warning information may be sent to the remote terminal. The third warning information may indicate that a line near the device D may leak, so that a maintenance worker may find a leak point near the device D to solve the fault in time. For example, maintenance personnel can patrol or shut down lines, equipment, etc., thereby avoiding greater losses or accidents in terms of safety.
As can be seen, the server 102 includes an energy consumption security module, which can determine that energy consumption abnormality occurs in a corresponding room to locate a device that may have a fault or a leak, so as to ensure that a maintenance worker can timely perform maintenance or timely close off energy supply of the fault, prevent expansion of damage, and avoid potential safety hazards.
In particular, the implementation may refer to the flowchart shown in fig. 5, which is performed by the server 102 shown in fig. 5.
Optionally, as another implementation manner, the building energy consumption monitoring and managing system in the embodiment of the present invention may be a hotel energy consumption monitoring and managing system. The server 102 may include a prediction module, an energy consumption security module, and a house source abnormal usage detection module.
A prediction module to: and predicting the current state information and/or the current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to the historical state information and/or the historical energy consumption information of each room of the building.
The house source abnormal use detection module is used for: judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room according to the current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room predicted by the prediction module and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
In this embodiment, it may be considered that the guest room management system cannot access the building energy consumption monitoring and management system of the present invention.
For example, the prediction module may also be referred to as an energy consumption prediction module, and may establish a learning and prediction model according to seasons, dates, holiday information, room types, historical state information, and/or historical energy consumption information. According to the learning and prediction model, data (i.e., current state information and/or current energy consumption information) of a next cycle is predicted on the basis of historical data (i.e., historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information). For example, the prediction module may predict the t +1 th cycle of data from the 1 st cycle through the tth cycle of historical data.
Specifically, for a corresponding room, the prediction module may predict current data (i.e., current status information and/or current energy consumption information) of the corresponding room according to historical data (i.e., historical status information and/or historical energy consumption information) of all rooms of the entire building.
Therefore, when the house source abnormal use detection module cannot directly read the check-in information, the prediction module may predict data (referred to as predicted data, i.e., current state information and/or current energy consumption information) of a certain period (assumed to be period C) according to the historical data (i.e., the historical state information and/or the historical energy consumption information), and may receive actual data (i.e., the received state information and/or the received energy consumption information) from the centralized controller 103. The house source abnormal use detection module can compare the predicted data with the actual data, and if the actual data exceeds the predicted data and the exceeding range is larger than a threshold (namely, the difference between the actual data and the predicted data is larger than the threshold), the corresponding room can be determined to have the energy consumption abnormality, namely, the corresponding room can have the house stealing phenomenon or the cash evasion phenomenon. The first alarm information can be used for indicating that the corresponding room has abnormal use, namely, room stealing or cash evasion.
Further, the manager may perform manual verification according to the first warning information, for example, if the manager confirms that there is no abnormal use in the room through verification, that is, there is no room stealing phenomenon or cash evasion phenomenon, first indication information indicating that there is no abnormal use in the corresponding room may be input at the remote terminal 101.
Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the first indication information to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the first indication information sent by the remote terminal; if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
The maintenance personnel can detect whether the equipment (namely the positioned equipment with abnormal energy utilization) has faults or not according to the second alarm information. If the service personnel determines that the equipment has no fault through the service, second indication information can be input in the remote terminal 101, and the second indication information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy does not have a fault. Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the second indication information to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the second indication information sent by the remote terminal; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
For example, reference may be made to the relevant description of the above embodiments for the second warning information and the third warning information, and details are not described here again to avoid repetition.
In particular, the implementation may refer to the flowchart shown in fig. 6, which is performed by the server 102 shown in fig. 6.
Optionally, as another implementation manner, the building energy consumption monitoring and managing system in the embodiment of the present invention may be a hotel energy consumption monitoring and managing system. The server 102 may include a power consumption security module and a house source abnormal usage detection module.
The energy consumption safety module is used for judging whether the corresponding room has energy consumption abnormity according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room; if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, positioning equipment with abnormal energy consumption; and sending first warning information to the remote terminal, wherein the first warning information indicates the equipment with abnormal energy consumption.
Illustratively, the first warning information may be a system message or a short message. For example, if the remote terminal is a desktop computer, the first alert information may be a system message. If the remote terminal is a smart phone, the first warning message may be a short message. The invention is not limited in this regard. The first warning information may be the same as or similar to the second warning information in the foregoing embodiment, so that reference may be made to the second warning information in the foregoing embodiment.
The occurrence of the energy consumption abnormality in the corresponding room may include that the number of cycles of the energy consumption abnormality in the corresponding room exceeds a preset cycle threshold. Wherein the energy consumption anomaly may include: the energy consumption is larger than a preset energy consumption threshold value.
For example, the energy consumption safety module may determine whether a temperature difference between the indoor temperature and the outdoor temperature in the unit period exceeds a temperature threshold, and determine that the energy consumption is abnormal if the number of cycles exceeding the temperature threshold is greater than a preset cycle threshold. Further, the equipment with abnormal energy can be positioned as an air conditioner and the like. The energy consumption safety module may obtain the outdoor temperature from weather forecast, or the energy consumption safety module may predict the outdoor temperature from historical temperature data, and the like, which is not limited in the present invention.
For example, the energy consumption safety module may determine whether the water amount in the unit period exceeds a water amount threshold, and determine that the energy consumption is abnormal if the number of cycles exceeding the water amount threshold is greater than a preset period threshold. Furthermore, the equipment with abnormal energy can be positioned as a water meter or a water tap in a room and the like.
For example, the energy consumption safety module may determine whether the power consumption in the unit period exceeds an electric quantity threshold, and determine that the energy consumption is abnormal if the number of cycles exceeding the electric quantity threshold is greater than a preset cycle threshold. Furthermore, the equipment with abnormal current energy can be positioned as an electric meter or electric equipment in a room.
For example, the energy consumption safety module may determine whether the gas amount in the unit cycle exceeds a gas amount threshold, and determine that the energy consumption is abnormal if the number of cycles exceeding the gas amount threshold is greater than a preset cycle threshold. Furthermore, the device with abnormal performance can be positioned as a gas meter or a kitchen range in a room.
The unit period may be set in advance, and may be, for example, 1 hour (h), half an hour, 15 minutes, or the like.
Then, the maintenance personnel can detect whether the equipment (namely the positioned equipment with abnormal energy utilization) has a fault according to the first warning information. Therefore, maintenance personnel can timely overhaul the equipment with faults according to the first warning information of the server 102, and potential safety hazards are avoided.
Alternatively, if the service person determines that the equipment has no fault through detection, first command information indicating that the equipment with abnormal energy use has no fault can be input in the remote terminal 101. Wherein the first command information may be the same as or similar to the aforementioned second indication information.
Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the first command information to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the first command information sent by the remote terminal; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, determining that the use abnormality of the corresponding room exists by the room source abnormal use detection module, and sending second warning information to the remote terminal, wherein the second warning information indicates that the use abnormality of the corresponding room exists. The second warning information may be the same as or similar to the first warning information. The abnormal use can comprise the existence of a house stealing phenomenon or the existence of a cash evasion phenomenon.
Illustratively, if the energy consumption security module still determines that the energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room after receiving the first command information, the room source abnormal use detection module may determine that the corresponding room is not checked according to the check-in condition, and further determine that the use abnormality exists in the corresponding room, that is, a room stealing phenomenon or a cash ticket evading phenomenon exists. Specifically, reference may be made to the description of the aforementioned embodiment regarding the abnormal usage detecting module determining the usage abnormality according to the check-in condition, and details are not described here.
Illustratively, the server 102 may further include a prediction module that may predict current data (i.e., predicted data, i.e., current status information and/or current energy consumption information) from historical data (historical status information and/or historical energy consumption information) of various rooms of the building. If the energy consumption security module still determines that the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption after receiving the first command information, the room source abnormal use detection module can determine that the corresponding room has abnormal use according to the prediction data and the actual data, namely, a room stealing phenomenon or a cash ticket evading phenomenon exists. Specifically, reference may be made to the description of the aforementioned embodiment regarding the determination of the usage abnormality by the room source abnormal usage detecting module according to the predicted data and the actual data, which is not described herein again.
Subsequently, the manager may perform a manual verification, and if the manager is verified to determine that there is no abnormal use in the corresponding room, i.e., there is no room stealing or cash evasion phenomenon, a second command message indicating that there is no abnormal use in the corresponding room may be input at the remote terminal 101. Wherein the second command information may be the same as or similar to the first indication information.
Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the second command information to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the second command information sent by the remote terminal; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third warning information to the remote terminal 101, wherein the third warning information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room. The third warning information may be the same as or similar to the third warning information.
In particular, the implementation may refer to the flowchart shown in fig. 7, which is performed by the server 102 shown in fig. 7.
Therefore, in the embodiment of the invention, the energy consumption abnormity can be determined in time according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information, so that maintenance personnel can be ensured to overhaul in time or the energy supply of faults can be closed in time, the expansion of damage is prevented, and the potential safety hazard is avoided.
As can be seen from the above description of several embodiments, the server 102 may use the anomaly according to 1. room usage when detecting the anomaly in energy consumption; 2. positioning equipment with abnormal energy; 3. the energy source leakage is checked in the sequence, or the equipment with abnormal energy utilization can be positioned according to the step 1; 2. abnormal use of the room; 3. the energy leakage is checked in this order, but the present invention is not limited thereto.
Optionally, as another implementation manner, the system for monitoring and managing the building energy consumption in the embodiment of the present invention may be a system for monitoring and managing the classroom energy consumption or a system for monitoring and managing the office building energy consumption, and the like. The server 102 may include a power consumption security module and a house source abnormal usage detection module.
The energy consumption security module may be configured to: judging whether the energy consumption of the corresponding room is abnormal or not according to the energy consumption information; if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, positioning equipment with abnormal energy consumption; and sending second alarm information (or first alarm information) to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information (or first alarm information) indicates the equipment with abnormal energy utilization.
Alternatively, if the service person determines that there is no fault in the equipment through detection, second indication information (or first command information) may be input at the remote terminal 101, and the second indication information (or first command information) indicates that there is no fault in the equipment with abnormal energy. Subsequently, the remote terminal 101 may send the second indication information (or the first command information) to the server 102, and the energy consumption security module of the server 102 receives the second indication information (or the first command information) sent by the remote terminal; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information (or third warning information) to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information (or third warning information) indicates that the line of the corresponding room has energy leakage.
In this embodiment, the same information and the like as in the foregoing embodiments may refer to the similar descriptions of the foregoing embodiments, and are not described again here.
Illustratively, the server 102 in the embodiment of the present invention may further include a prediction module (also referred to as an energy consumption prediction module). The prediction module may be to: and predicting the current state information and/or the current energy consumption information according to the historical state information and/or the historical energy consumption information of each room of the building. Furthermore, the prediction module can also determine an energy-saving strategy according to the predicted current state information and/or current energy consumption information; and sending the energy-saving strategy to the remote terminal.
For example, the learning and prediction model may be established based on season, date, holiday information, room type, status information, and/or energy consumption information, among others. According to the learning and prediction model, data (i.e., current state information and/or current energy consumption information) of a next cycle is predicted on the basis of historical data (i.e., historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information). For example, the prediction module may predict the t +1 th cycle of data from the 1 st cycle through the tth cycle of historical data. Further, an energy-saving strategy can be determined according to the prediction result. For example, if the electricity consumption is too large during the peak of the electricity consumption in summer, the energy-saving strategy can be determined to dim the hall lamps of all the rooms. Specifically, the server 102 may directly instruct the monitoring terminal 104 to execute the energy saving policy (for example, the monitoring terminal 104 may perform on/off operation on a circuit, a water circuit, a gas circuit, and the like) and transmit the execution condition to the remote terminal 101, or the server 102 may transmit the energy saving policy to the remote terminal 101, and a user (a manager and the like) determines whether to execute the energy saving policy.
It can be seen that the server 102 includes a prediction module, which can predict the current data according to the historical data and give an energy-saving strategy, so as to achieve the purpose of energy saving.
As can be seen from the above description of the embodiments, the system for monitoring and managing building energy consumption according to the embodiments of the present invention can detect the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room in time according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room, and can ensure the safety of the building energy consumption system and avoid economic loss by sending an alarm message (or warning message) to the remote terminal to instruct an administrator or a maintenance person to verify or maintain the building energy consumption system in time.
Therefore, the state information and/or the energy consumption information monitored by the monitoring terminal 104 can be presented in the remote terminal 101 in real time, so that the user can know the energy consumption condition in real time. Meanwhile, the user may input an instruction at the remote terminal 101 according to the power consumption condition, and the instruction may be transmitted to the server 102 via the wireless signal transmission device. The server 102 may send the adjustment instruction to the monitoring terminal 104 through the communication channel via the centralized controller 103, so that the monitoring terminal 104 may adjust the energy consumption, and thus, the remote automatic control of the energy consumption may be implemented, the automation may be implemented, and then, the manpower and material resources for abnormal energy consumption investigation may be reduced, and the cost may be saved. Wherein the adjustment indication may include at least one of a plurality of actions, such as switching, routing inspection, fault, emergency, alarm, etc. And, it can be understood that, after the adjustment, the monitoring terminal 104 may report the energy consumption information after the adjustment to the server 102 and perform the presentation at the remote terminal 101.
In addition, it should be noted that although the above embodiments of the present invention mainly take an example that one monitoring terminal corresponds to one room, in practice, one monitoring terminal may be used to monitor energy consumption information of one or several rooms, or one room may be monitored by one or several monitoring terminals for energy consumption information thereof, which is not limited in this respect.
In addition, it should be noted that although a plurality of different implementations are described with reference to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the implementations are not mutually exclusive, and those skilled in the art may obtain other implementations by combining, crossing, merging, etc. with each other on the basis of the above implementations, and also fall within the scope of the embodiments of the present disclosure.
FIG. 4 is a schematic flow chart of a method for building energy consumption monitoring and management in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The method shown in fig. 4 is performed by the aforementioned server 102, and includes:
and S101, receiving state information and/or energy consumption information from the centralized controller.
And S102, analyzing the state information and/or the energy consumption information, and judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in a room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information.
S103, if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, the abnormal condition is sent to the remote terminal.
The state information and/or the energy consumption information may be sent to the centralized controller after being monitored by the monitoring terminal, and the state information may include the indoor temperature of the corresponding room, and the energy consumption information may include at least one of the water amount, the electric quantity, and the air consumption amount of the corresponding room.
Exemplarily, after S101, the method may include: the status information and/or the energy consumption information is transmitted to the remote terminal for presentation of the energy consumption information at the remote terminal.
Exemplarily, after S101, the method may include: and transmitting the state information and/or the energy consumption information which cannot be periodically received to the remote terminal so as to present the variation trend of the energy consumption information at the remote terminal.
Optionally, as an implementation:
exemplarily, S102 may include: and judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room. S103 may include: and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
Exemplarily, S102 may include: predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building; and judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal energy consumption according to the current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room predicted by the prediction module and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller. S103 may include: and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
Further, after S103, the method may further include: receiving first indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first indication information indicates that the corresponding room is not abnormally used; if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
Further, the method can also comprise the following steps: receiving second indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second indication information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy consumption does not have a fault; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
Optionally, as another implementation:
s102 may include: and judging whether the energy consumption of the corresponding room is abnormal or not according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room. Accordingly, S103 may include: if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, positioning equipment with abnormal energy consumption; and sending first warning information to the remote terminal, wherein the first warning information indicates the equipment with abnormal energy consumption.
Optionally, after S103, the method may further include: receiving first command information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first command information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy utilization does not have a fault; if the corresponding room is still determined to have abnormal energy consumption, judging whether the corresponding room has abnormal use or not according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room; and if the corresponding room is determined to have abnormal use, sending second warning information to the remote terminal.
As an example, the determining whether the corresponding room is abnormally used according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room includes: and judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the registration check-in condition of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room.
As another example, the determining whether the corresponding room is abnormally used according to the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room includes: predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building; and judging whether the corresponding room is abnormally used or not according to the predicted current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room and the received state information and/or energy consumption information of the corresponding room.
Exemplarily, the method further comprises the following steps: receiving second command information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second command information indicates that abnormal use does not exist in the corresponding room; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, third warning information is sent to the remote terminal, and the third warning information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
The implementation manner of the method for monitoring and managing building energy consumption in the embodiment of the present invention may refer to the related contents described in the foregoing embodiments of fig. 1 to 3, and in order to avoid repetition, the description is not repeated here. As an example, the method for monitoring and managing building energy consumption shown in fig. 3 may be a method for monitoring and managing hotel energy consumption.
On the other hand, multiple embodiments of the method described in the embodiments of the present invention may be combined with each other or performed simultaneously, as shown in fig. 5 to fig. 7, which are schematic flowcharts of methods for hotel energy consumption monitoring and management, respectively. Regarding the flowcharts shown in fig. 5 to 7, detailed descriptions have been already made in the foregoing implementation of the present disclosure, and are not repeated here. It is understood that those skilled in the art can, in light of the foregoing, derive similar alternative embodiments, and that no such listing is intended to be exhaustive.
FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of an apparatus for building energy consumption monitoring and management in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The apparatus 800 shown in fig. 8 includes a receiving module 801, a determining module 802, and a transmitting module 803.
The receiving module 801 is configured to receive status information and/or energy consumption information from the centralized controller;
the determining module 802 is configured to analyze the state information and/or the energy consumption information, and determine whether an energy consumption abnormality exists in a room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information;
if the determining module 802 determines that the energy consumption of the corresponding room is abnormal, the sending module 803 is configured to send the abnormal condition to the remote terminal.
The apparatus 800 shown in fig. 8 can implement the aforementioned method for monitoring and managing building energy consumption shown in fig. 4 to 7, the apparatus 800 shown in fig. 8 may include various modules or units for implementing the method, and the apparatus 800 may be the server 102 in fig. 1 or fig. 2.
Illustratively, the server in the embodiments of the present invention may include a processor, a memory, a receiver, a transmitter, and the like. The memory may be used to store historical data, predictive algorithms, instructions executed by the processor, and the like. The processor may be configured to execute instructions to implement the method for building energy consumption monitoring and management described above.
Illustratively, the server in the embodiment of the invention can realize the method for monitoring and managing the building energy consumption by running the system software installed on the server.
Therefore, the embodiment of the invention can realize real-time detection and presentation of energy consumption information, and can detect energy consumption abnormity in real time, such as positioning fault equipment, determining house stealing conditions and the like, so that faults can be eliminated in time conveniently, the maintenance is simple and convenient, and the energy consumption safety of the whole building is ensured. Moreover, prediction can be carried out according to historical data, and an energy-saving strategy is given, so that the aim of saving energy can be fulfilled.
Although the illustrative embodiments have been described herein with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is to be understood that the foregoing illustrative embodiments are merely exemplary and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention thereto. Various changes and modifications may be effected therein by one of ordinary skill in the pertinent art without departing from the scope or spirit of the present invention. All such changes and modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention as set forth in the appended claims.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the various illustrative elements and algorithm steps described in connection with the embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented as electronic hardware or combinations of computer software and electronic hardware. Whether such functionality is implemented as hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints imposed on the implementation. Skilled artisans may implement the described functionality in varying ways for each particular application, but such implementation decisions should not be interpreted as causing a departure from the scope of the present invention.
In the several embodiments provided in the present application, it should be understood that the disclosed apparatus and method may be implemented in other ways. For example, the above-described device embodiments are merely illustrative, and for example, the division of the units is only one logical functional division, and other divisions may be realized in practice, for example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another device, or some features may be omitted, or not executed.
In the description provided herein, numerous specific details are set forth. It is understood, however, that embodiments of the invention may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known methods, structures and techniques have not been shown in detail in order not to obscure an understanding of this description.
Similarly, it should be appreciated that in the description of exemplary embodiments of the invention, various features of the invention are sometimes grouped together in a single embodiment, figure, or description thereof for the purpose of streamlining the invention and aiding in the understanding of one or more of the various inventive aspects. However, the method of the present invention should not be construed to reflect the intent: that the invention as claimed requires more features than are expressly recited in each claim. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive aspects lie in less than all features of a single disclosed embodiment. Thus, the claims following the detailed description are hereby expressly incorporated into this detailed description, with each claim standing on its own as a separate embodiment of this invention.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that all of the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), and all of the processes or elements of any method or apparatus so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations where such features are mutually exclusive. Each feature disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings) may be replaced by alternative features serving the same, equivalent or similar purpose, unless expressly stated otherwise.
Furthermore, those skilled in the art will appreciate that while some embodiments described herein include some features included in other embodiments, rather than other features, combinations of features of different embodiments are meant to be within the scope of the invention and form different embodiments. For example, in the claims, any of the claimed embodiments may be used in any combination.
The various component embodiments of the invention may be implemented in hardware, or in software modules running on one or more processors, or in a combination thereof. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that a microprocessor or Digital Signal Processor (DSP) may be used in practice to implement some or all of the functionality of some of the modules in an item analysis apparatus according to embodiments of the present invention. The present invention may also be embodied as apparatus programs (e.g., computer programs and computer program products) for performing a portion or all of the methods described herein. Such programs implementing the present invention may be stored on computer-readable media or may be in the form of one or more signals. Such a signal may be downloaded from an internet website or provided on a carrier signal or in any other form.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the invention, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. The word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of elements or steps not listed in a claim. The word "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. The invention may be implemented by means of hardware comprising several distinct elements, and by means of a suitably programmed computer. In the unit claims enumerating several means, several of these means may be embodied by one and the same item of hardware. The usage of the words first, second and third, etcetera do not indicate any ordering. These words may be interpreted as names.
The above description is only for the specific embodiment of the present invention or the description thereof, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily conceive of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention, and the changes or substitutions should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention. The protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (12)

1. A system for building energy consumption monitoring and management, comprising: the system comprises a remote terminal, a server, a centralized controller and at least one monitoring terminal, wherein the server comprises a prediction module and a house source abnormal use detection module,
the at least one monitoring terminal is used for monitoring state information and/or energy consumption information of a corresponding room and transmitting the state information and/or the energy consumption information to the centralized controller;
the centralized controller sends the state information and/or the energy consumption information received from the at least one monitoring terminal to the server;
the prediction module is to: predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building;
the house source abnormal use detection module is used for: judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room according to the predicted current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller, and sending an abnormal condition to the remote terminal when the energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room;
the remote terminal receives an instruction of the user on the abnormal condition and sends the instruction to the server;
and the server sends an adjustment instruction to the at least one monitoring terminal through the centralized controller according to the instruction, so that the at least one monitoring terminal adjusts the energy consumption, wherein the centralized controller and the at least one monitoring terminal communicate through a low-voltage power line.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein the at least one monitoring terminal is connected to at least one of an indoor temperature sensor, a water metering device, an electricity metering device, and a gas usage metering device of the corresponding room,
the state information includes an indoor temperature of the corresponding room, and the energy consumption information includes at least one of a water amount, an electric quantity, and an air consumption amount of the corresponding room.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the system is a hotel energy consumption monitoring and management system,
the house source abnormal use detection module is specifically used for:
judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in the corresponding room according to the current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room predicted by the prediction module and the state information and/or the energy consumption information of the corresponding room received from the centralized controller; and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
4. The system of claim 3, wherein the server further comprises an energy consumption security module to:
receiving first indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first indication information indicates that the corresponding room is not abnormally used;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
5. The system of claim 4, wherein the energy consumption security module is further to:
receiving second indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second indication information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy consumption does not have a fault;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
6. The system of any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the low voltage power line is a power supply line within the building.
7. A method for monitoring and managing building energy consumption is characterized by comprising the following steps:
receiving status information and/or energy consumption information from a centralized controller;
predicting current state information and/or current energy consumption information of corresponding rooms according to historical state information and/or historical energy consumption information of each room of the building;
judging whether energy consumption abnormality exists in the room corresponding to the state information and/or the energy consumption information according to the predicted current state information and/or current energy consumption information of the corresponding room and the state information and/or the energy consumption information received from the centralized controller;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending an abnormal condition to a remote terminal;
receiving a user's instruction for the abnormal condition from the remote terminal;
and sending an adjustment instruction to at least one monitoring terminal through the centralized controller according to the instruction, so that the at least one monitoring terminal adjusts the energy consumption.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein if it is determined that there is an energy consumption anomaly in the corresponding room, transmitting an anomaly condition to a remote terminal, comprising:
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is determined, sending first alarm information to the remote terminal.
9. The method of claim 8, further comprising:
receiving first indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the first indication information indicates that the corresponding room is not abnormally used;
if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, positioning the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption and sending second alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the second alarm information indicates the equipment with the abnormal energy consumption.
10. The method of claim 9, further comprising:
receiving second indication information sent by the remote terminal, wherein the second indication information indicates that the equipment with abnormal energy consumption does not have a fault;
and if the energy consumption abnormality of the corresponding room is still determined, sending third alarm information to the remote terminal, wherein the third alarm information indicates that the energy leakage exists in the line of the corresponding room.
11. The method of any of claims 7 to 10, wherein the status information comprises an indoor temperature of the corresponding room, and the energy consumption information comprises at least one of an amount of water, an amount of electricity, and an amount of gas used in the corresponding room.
12. An apparatus for building energy consumption monitoring and management, characterized in that the apparatus is adapted to perform the method of any of claims 7 to 11.
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