CN106769323A - A kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application - Google Patents

A kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106769323A
CN106769323A CN201710025637.XA CN201710025637A CN106769323A CN 106769323 A CN106769323 A CN 106769323A CN 201710025637 A CN201710025637 A CN 201710025637A CN 106769323 A CN106769323 A CN 106769323A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
funnel
lampshade
sieve
specimen holder
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710025637.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金成强
王雅婷
卢剑波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qianjiang College of Hangzhou Normal University
Original Assignee
Qianjiang College of Hangzhou Normal University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qianjiang College of Hangzhou Normal University filed Critical Qianjiang College of Hangzhou Normal University
Priority to CN201710025637.XA priority Critical patent/CN106769323A/en
Publication of CN106769323A publication Critical patent/CN106769323A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/28Preparing specimens for investigation including physical details of (bio-)chemical methods covered elsewhere, e.g. G01N33/50, C12Q

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of its application of new device for extracting soil animal.The present invention includes multiple extraction soil animal funnel units, and is provided with ventilating fan, and each extracts soil animal funnel unit includes temperature sensor, connects ring, bulb, lampshade, sieve specimen holder, funnel, collection vessel;Bulb is fixedly mounted on and connects on ring, and is arranged with lampshade outward, and lampshade is fixed on and connects ring, and bulb is arranged on the axis of lampshade;The upper end for sieving specimen holder is hanging, corresponding up and down with lampshade, and its lower end is mutually fixedly connected with the big opening end of funnel, and funnel is erected at another and connects on ring, with horizontal plane;Collection vessel is arranged on immediately below funnel.Bio-separation funnel of the present invention can carry out dry type or wet type collection, can effectively control temperature, energy saving, and collecting tank and receiving flask closed seamless are connected, and prevent biology from spilling, and design is simple, it is easy to operate, easy to use.Strengthen manual control ability, substantially increase the collection effect of soil arthropod.

Description

A kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application.
Background technology
Ten hundreds of soil animals are perched in soil, they are important parts in soil ecosystem, with The demand of change and the ecodevelopment of environment, on soil animal in energy flow and material circulation Effect study Science project is gradually also more extensive in increase, research range, and they participate in the decomposition of biological residuum, changes soil property, right The formation and development of soil and the material of the ecosystem are circulated and energy flow is all significant, so to soil animal Contribution size research is even more important, but domestic at present sub-argument can go out the dress of soil animal from soil environment without this Put, many experiment equipment therefors are that simple hand completes, and relatively external device is more complicated and expensive.
This patent bio-separation funnel substantially divide it is dry separate and hygroscopic water from.Soil or plant sample are placed on into funnel to may move Top half.The temperature and light of lamp are that pedotheque creates one about 14 DEG C of thermograde, heat that bulb is distributed and Optical drive arthropod and class organism move downward, in reaching the collecting tank of funnel bottom through screen pack.The position of lamp can To adjust, it is gradually increasing the temperature of soil, it is stiff so as to prevent mobile slower biology to be trapped in because temperature is too high Cannot get separating effect in soil block, there have ventilating opening around screen pack to be hardened to prevent soil sample to be hardened.
If to be gathered using wet type, funnel is filled into water, screen pack is put well, Nemata or other heavy water forms are poly- The biological of collection is collected in the bottom of funnel, can be with separated in time, and bottom is released, and (this method is adapted to collect potato Eel worm), when using wet partition method, light source can be closed.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of new device of extraction soil animal its should With.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is as follows:
A kind of new device for extracting soil animal, including multiple extraction soil animal funnel units, and air draft is installed Fan, each extracts soil animal funnel unit includes temperature sensor, connects ring, bulb, lampshade, sieve specimen holder, funnel, collection appearance Device;
Bulb is fixedly mounted on and connects on ring, and is arranged with lampshade outward, and lampshade is fixed on and connects ring, and bulb is arranged on lampshade On axis;The upper end for sieving specimen holder is hanging, corresponding up and down with lampshade, and its lower end and funnel big opening end mutually fixed company Connect, funnel is erected at another and connects on ring, with horizontal plane;Collection vessel is arranged on immediately below funnel;
The described ring that connects is each attached in external structure, up and down apart from adjustable;
Described bulb is from lampshade bottom 20cm;
Each described extracts soil animal funnel unit, and its operating voltage is all 220V, and ensures there is a ground wire Connection main power source, fuse grade is 0.5A;
Described collection vessel is glass collector;
Described inner wall of hopper is smooth.
A kind of application of new device for extracting soil animal in dry partition method is as follows:
Step 1, pedotheque is first crushed, remove the large-scale geobiont in pedotheque, complete preliminary treatment, large-scale soil Earth is biological such as slug and caterpillar;
Step 2, the pedotheque after preliminary treatment is wrapped gauze be placed on sieve specimen holder on, be slidably installed up or down Have bulb and lampshade connects ring, so as to debug pedotheque surface temperature;
Step 3, at 15 DEG C at room temperature, adjustment lampshade in temperature be 30 DEG C so that lampshade bottom to sieve specimen holder it Between gradually form thermograde, when temperature reach sieve specimen holder when, it is ensured that temperature is between 24 DEG C -26 DEG C;
Small-sized soil animal in step 4, pedotheque after temperature is experienced, can with their motion mode downwardly toward Creep to funnel, so as to away from thermal source;
Described funnel skew back face is press polished shiny surface, and small-sized soil animal can be made to accelerate mobile landing;
The sieve mesh of described sieve specimen holder according to the actual requirements depending on, preferably 8 mesh can allow small-sized soil animal to pass through Soil particle is moved downward through gauze
It is described before lamp case temperature is adjusted, the first white filter paper on pad on collection vessel, then one or many Each sieve specimen holder in extracting soil animal funnel unit is jiggled, makes some loose soil particles by sieving specimen holder Screen cloth, so as to accelerate later separation.
A kind of application of new device for extracting soil animal in wet partition method is as follows:
Step 1, pedotheque is first crushed, remove the large-scale geobiont in pedotheque, complete preliminary treatment, large-scale soil Earth is biological such as slug and caterpillar;
Step 2, the pedotheque after preliminary treatment is wrapped gauze be placed on sieve specimen holder on, be slidably installed up or down Have bulb and lampshade connects ring;
Step 3, full solution will be stored in collection vessel, be then attached to funnel so that collection vessel and funnel are tightly connected; Then at 15 DEG C at room temperature, the temperature in adjustment lampshade is 30 DEG C so that lampshade bottom is gradually formed between sieve specimen holder Thermograde, when temperature reaches sieve specimen holder, it is ensured that temperature is between 24 DEG C -26 DEG C
Small-sized soil animal in step 4, pedotheque after temperature is experienced, can with their motion mode downwardly toward Creep to funnel, so as to away from thermal source;
Described funnel skew back face is press polished shiny surface, and small-sized soil animal can be made to accelerate mobile landing;
The sieve mesh of described sieve specimen holder according to the actual requirements depending on, preferably 8 mesh can allow small-sized soil animal to pass through Soil particle is moved downward through gauze.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
This patent bio-separation funnel can carry out dry type or wet type collection, accurate hopper structure, can effectively control temperature Degree, energy saving, collecting tank and receiving flask closed seamless are connected, and prevent biology from spilling, and design is simple, it is easy to operate, user Just.Strengthen manual control ability, substantially increase the collection effect of soil arthropod, so that for the soil animal of system is investigated Work provides condition, has promoted the discovery and description of soil animal species, and the development that soil fauna is studied.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of new device for extracting soil animal, including multiple extraction soil animal funnel units, and Ventilating fan is installed, each unit includes, temperature sensor, connect ring 1, bulb 2, lampshade 3, sieve specimen holder 4, funnel 5, collect hold Device 6.
Bulb 2 is fixedly mounted on and connects on ring, and is arranged with lampshade 3 outward, and lampshade 3 is fixed on and connects ring 1, and bulb 2 is arranged on On the axis of lampshade 3.The upper end for sieving specimen holder 4 is hanging, corresponding about 3 with lampshade, and its lower end and funnel 5 big opening end Mutually it is fixedly connected, funnel 5 is erected at another and connects on ring 1, with horizontal plane;Collection vessel 6 is arranged on immediately below funnel 5.
The described ring 1 that connects is each attached in external structure, up and down apart from adjustable.
Described bulb 2 is from lampshade bottom about 20cm.
Each described extracts soil animal funnel unit, and its operating voltage is all 220V, and ensures there is a ground wire Connection main power source, fuse grade is 0.5A.
Described collection vessel 6 is glass collector.
The described inner wall smooth of funnel 5.
A kind of application of the new device for extracting soil animal, is not only suitable for dry partition method and also is adapted for wet partition method, specifically 's:
A kind of application of new device for extracting soil animal in dry partition method is as follows:
Step 1, pedotheque is first crushed, remove the large-scale geobiont in pedotheque, complete preliminary treatment, large-scale soil Earth is biological such as slug and caterpillar.
Step 2, the pedotheque after preliminary treatment is wrapped gauze be placed on sieve specimen holder 4 on, up or down slide peace Ring 1 is connect equipped with bulb 2 and lampshade 3, so as to debug pedotheque surface temperature.
Step 3, at 15 DEG C at room temperature, adjustment lampshade in temperature be 30 DEG C so that lampshade bottom to sieve specimen holder 4 it Between gradually form thermograde, when temperature reach sieve specimen holder 4 when, it is ensured that temperature is between 24 DEG C -26 DEG C
Small-sized soil animal in step 4, pedotheque after temperature is experienced, can with their motion mode downwardly toward Creep to funnel, so as to away from thermal source;
Described funnel skew back face is press polished shiny surface, and small-sized soil animal can be made to accelerate mobile landing.
The sieve mesh of described sieve specimen holder 4 according to the actual requirements depending on, preferably 8 mesh can allow small-sized soil animal to be led to Soil particle is crossed to be moved downward through gauze
It is described before lamp case temperature is adjusted, the first white filter paper on pad on collection vessel 6, then one or many Each sieve specimen holder in extracting soil animal funnel unit is jiggled, makes some loose soil particles by sieving specimen holder Screen cloth, so as to accelerate later separation.
A kind of application of new device for extracting soil animal in wet partition method is as follows:
Step 1, pedotheque is first crushed, remove the large-scale geobiont in pedotheque, complete preliminary treatment, large-scale soil Earth is biological such as slug and caterpillar.
Step 2, the pedotheque after preliminary treatment is wrapped gauze be placed on sieve specimen holder 4 on, up or down slide peace Ring 1 is connect equipped with bulb 2 and lampshade 3.
Step 3, full solution will be stored in collection vessel 6, be then attached to funnel 5 so that collection vessel 6 and funnel 5 are sealed Connection;Then at 15 DEG C at room temperature, adjustment lampshade in temperature be 30 DEG C so that lampshade bottom to sieve specimen holder 4 between by Step forms thermograde, when temperature reaches sieve specimen holder 4, it is ensured that temperature is between 24 DEG C -26 DEG C
Small-sized soil animal in step 4, pedotheque after temperature is experienced, can with their motion mode downwardly toward Creep to funnel, so as to away from thermal source;
Described funnel skew back face is press polished shiny surface, and small-sized soil animal can be made to accelerate mobile landing.
The sieve mesh of described sieve specimen holder 4 according to the actual requirements depending on, preferably 8 mesh can allow small-sized soil animal to be led to Soil particle is crossed to be moved downward through gauze.

Claims (3)

1. it is a kind of extract soil animal new device, it is characterised in that including multiple extract soil animal funnel units, and peace Equipped with ventilating fan, each extracts soil animal funnel unit includes temperature sensor, connects ring, bulb, lampshade, sieve specimen holder, leakage Bucket, collection vessel;
Bulb is fixedly mounted on and connects on ring, and is arranged with lampshade outward, and lampshade is fixed on and connects ring, and bulb is arranged on the axis of lampshade On line;The upper end for sieving specimen holder is hanging, corresponding up and down with lampshade, and its lower end is mutually fixedly connected with the big opening end of funnel, leaks Ladder is located at another and connects on ring, with horizontal plane;Collection vessel is arranged on immediately below funnel;
The described ring that connects is each attached in external structure, up and down apart from adjustable;
Described bulb is from lampshade bottom 20cm;
Each described extracts soil animal funnel unit, and its operating voltage is all 220V, and ensures have a ground wire to connect Main power source, fuse grade is 0.5A;
Described collection vessel is glass collector;
Described inner wall of hopper is smooth.
2. the application of a kind of new device for extracting soil animal according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be not only suitable for Dry partition method also is adapted for wet partition method, and specifically the application in dry partition method is as follows:
Step 1, pedotheque is first crushed, remove the large-scale geobiont in pedotheque, complete preliminary treatment, large-scale soil life Thing such as slug and caterpillar;
Step 2, the pedotheque after preliminary treatment is wrapped gauze be placed on sieve specimen holder on, lamp is slidably fitted with up or down Bubble connects ring with lampshade, so as to debug pedotheque surface temperature;
Step 3, at 15 DEG C at room temperature, adjustment lampshade in temperature be 30 DEG C so that lampshade bottom to sieve specimen holder between by Step forms thermograde, when temperature reaches sieve specimen holder, it is ensured that temperature is between 24 DEG C -26 DEG C;
Small-sized soil animal in step 4, pedotheque can downwardly be leaked after temperature is experienced with their motion mode Bucket is creeped, so as to away from thermal source;
Described funnel skew back face is press polished shiny surface, and small-sized soil animal can be made to accelerate mobile landing;
The sieve mesh of described sieve specimen holder according to the actual requirements depending on, preferably 8 mesh can allow small-sized soil animal to pass through soil Particle is moved downward through gauze
It is described before lamp case temperature is adjusted, the first white filter paper on pad on collection vessel, then one or many is gently Each sieve specimen holder in extracting soil animal funnel unit is rocked, makes some loose soil particles by sieving the sieve of specimen holder Net, so as to accelerate later separation.
3. it is according to claim 2 it is a kind of extract soil animal new device application, it is characterised in that hygroscopic water from Application in method is as follows:
Step 1, pedotheque is first crushed, remove the large-scale geobiont in pedotheque, complete preliminary treatment, large-scale soil life Thing such as slug and caterpillar;
Step 2, the pedotheque after preliminary treatment is wrapped gauze be placed on sieve specimen holder on, lamp is slidably fitted with up or down Bubble connects ring with lampshade;
Step 3, full solution will be stored in collection vessel, be then attached to funnel so that collection vessel and funnel are tightly connected;Then At 15 DEG C at room temperature, the temperature in adjustment lampshade is 30 DEG C so that lampshade bottom gradually forms temperature between sieve specimen holder Gradient, when temperature reaches sieve specimen holder, it is ensured that temperature is between 24 DEG C -26 DEG C
Small-sized soil animal in step 4, pedotheque can downwardly be leaked after temperature is experienced with their motion mode Bucket is creeped, so as to away from thermal source;
Described funnel skew back face is press polished shiny surface, and small-sized soil animal can be made to accelerate mobile landing;
The sieve mesh of described sieve specimen holder according to the actual requirements depending on, preferably 8 mesh can allow small-sized soil animal to pass through soil Particle is moved downward through gauze.
CN201710025637.XA 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 A kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application Pending CN106769323A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710025637.XA CN106769323A (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 A kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710025637.XA CN106769323A (en) 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 A kind of new device for extracting soil animal and its application

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106769323A true CN106769323A (en) 2017-05-31

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109548768A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-04-02 黑龙江八农垦大学 A kind of trap and preparation method thereof capturing soil animal and application method
CN110068494A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-30 石河子大学 One group of soil nematodes extraction element and extracting method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109548768A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-04-02 黑龙江八农垦大学 A kind of trap and preparation method thereof capturing soil animal and application method
CN110068494A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-30 石河子大学 One group of soil nematodes extraction element and extracting method

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