CN106746458A - A kind of fecal pollution processing system - Google Patents

A kind of fecal pollution processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106746458A
CN106746458A CN201611219084.3A CN201611219084A CN106746458A CN 106746458 A CN106746458 A CN 106746458A CN 201611219084 A CN201611219084 A CN 201611219084A CN 106746458 A CN106746458 A CN 106746458A
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China
Prior art keywords
valve
aerator
vacuum chamber
fecal pollution
processing system
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CN201611219084.3A
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CN106746458B (en
Inventor
贺同雷
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Guangdong Elephant Ecology Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Elephant Ecology Technology Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/14Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening with addition of chemical agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Sludge (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to fecal pollution processing technology field, more particularly, to a kind of fecal pollution processing system.Fecal pollution processing system includes vavuum pump, the first aerator in vacuum chamber that vacuum chamber and vacuum chamber are connected, and blending bin that one-level separation equipment, flocculant dosing tank with vacuum chamber are connected with one-level separation equipment and flocculant dosing tank, is arranged in blending bin and is connected with blending bin can receive the sewage with flocculate and isolate the second-order separation equipment and the blower fan that connects with the first aerator and the second aerator of sewage and desiccation solid dirt with being stirred the second aerator.Fecal pollution processing system has the advantages that simple structure, automatic sewage-suction inhale excrement, stir and smash that good fecal pollution effect, good mixing effect, pipeline are not easily blocked, overall structure is simple, low cost, efficiency high, high treating effect.

Description

A kind of fecal pollution processing system
Technical field
The present invention relates to fecal pollution processing technology field, more particularly, to a kind of fecal pollution processing system.
Background technology
Environmental pollution is on the rise in modern society, and environmental improvement has turned into very urgent social responsibility with protection, and The fecal pollution rubbish substantial amounts of daily manufacture, can not such as accomplish timely and effectively to process, can serious harm environment, exacerbation environment dirt Dye.
At present, fecal pollution processing method is complicated and efficiency is low.Thus, a kind of efficient fecal pollution processing system is needed badly.
The content of the invention
(1) technical problem to be solved
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient fecal pollution processing system.
(2) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above object, the main technical schemes that the present invention is used include:
The present invention provides a kind of fecal pollution processing system, including:Vacuum chamber;Vavuum pump, vavuum pump is connected with vacuum chamber, can Negative pressure is formed in a vacuum chamber to be pumped in vacuum chamber with by fecal pollution;First aerator, the first aerator is located at vacuum chamber In, can stir and smash fecal pollution;One-level separation equipment, one-level separation equipment and vacuum chamber, can receive after smashing Fecal pollution simultaneously isolates larger dirt and the sewage containing smaller dirt;Flocculant dosing tank, flocculant dosing tank is used to store Flocculant;Blending bin, blending bin is connected with one-level separation equipment and flocculant dosing tank, and smaller dirt is contained that can receive Both sewage and flocculant and confession form flocculate wherein;Second aerator, the second aerator is arranged in blending bin To be stirred;The second-order separation equipment, the second-order separation equipment connected with blending bin with can receive the sewage with flocculate and Isolate sewage and desiccation solid dirt;And blower fan, blower fan connects with the first aerator and the second aerator.
According to the present invention, the outlet of vacuum chamber is connected by seal for pipe joints with the entrance of one-level separation equipment and carried with transmitting Fecal pollution after the smashing of air pressure.
According to the present invention, the outlet of the liquid outlet and flocculant dosing tank of one-level separation equipment is mixed by same pipeline Device is connected with the entrance of blending bin.
According to the present invention, one-level separation equipment is rotary sieve cylinder, and rotary sieve cylinder includes roller and is covered in outside roller The filter screen in week, carries sieve aperture on the barrel of roller, and barrel inner side is provided with and spiral passing away is formed when roller rotates Multiple arcs blade, multiple arcs blade is evenly arranged along a helical trajectory interval;The second-order separation equipment is folded spiral shell formula sludge Dewaterer.
According to the present invention, also including 4 rolling supports seat in rectangular layout, rolling support seat is including base and rotatably Be supported on roll shaft on base, roll shaft is provided with the first detent mechanism, and the two ends of rotary sieve cylinder are provided with neck bush, rotation filter Net cylinder is rotatably supported on the roll shaft of rolling support seat by two neck bush, and neck bush is provided with the second detent mechanism, First detent mechanism and the second detent mechanism coordinate and constitute to rotary sieve cylinder in its axial direction spacing.
According to the present invention, the arrival end of rotary sieve cylinder is provided with air jet system, and air jet system is connected with blower fan, air jet system Injection direction it is internal towards rotary sieve cylinder and be in angle with the axis of rotary sieve cylinder.
According to the present invention, aerating system also includes the 3rd aerator being arranged in flocculant dosing tank, the 3rd aeration Device is connected with blower fan.
According to the present invention, the first aerator, the second aerator and the 3rd aerator are aeration tube, aeration tube Internal diameter is 20mm, and aeration tube is provided with two symmetrical with its longitudinal center plane and lists stomata, all outlets in each column venthole Hole is located at 20-50mm along the direction arrangement parallel to longitudinal center plane, the spacing in each column venthole per two neighboring venthole In the range of, each venthole is 45 ° with the angle of longitudinal center plane, and the aperture of venthole is located in the range of 2-4.5mm;The One aerator lies in a horizontal plane in the bottom of vacuum chamber, and venthole thereon is towards the top of vacuum chamber;Second aeration dress Put the bottom for lying in a horizontal plane in blending bin, and venthole thereon is towards the top of blending bin;3rd aerator level is put Put in the bottom of flocculant dosing tank, and venthole thereon is towards the top of flocculant dosing tank.
According to the present invention, aerating system is also included on the connecting pipeline of the first aerator and blower fan and for controlling Into in the first aerator aeration air quantity the first regulating valve, on the connecting pipeline of the second aerator and blower fan simultaneously For controlling to enter the second regulating valve of the aeration air quantity in the second aerator and positioned at the 3rd aerator and blower fan On connecting pipeline and for controlling to enter the 3rd regulating valve for being aerated air quantity in the 3rd aerator, the first regulating valve, second The aperture of regulating valve and the 3rd regulating valve causes that by the air quantity ratio of the air-flow of three be 1:2:1.
According to the present invention, two vacuum chambers are set, vavuum pump by the first connecting tube and the second connecting tube respectively with two Vacuum chamber, is respectively equipped with the first valve and the second valve in the first connecting tube and the second connecting tube;Two vacuum chambers Entrance is connected to the first suction tube and the second suction tube, and the 3rd valve is respectively equipped with the first suction tube and the second suction tube Door and the 4th valve;The outlet of two vacuum chambers is connected to the first discharge pipe and the second discharge pipe, in the first discharge pipe and The 5th valve and the 6th valve are respectively equipped with second discharge pipe;It is additionally provided with controller, controller and the first valve, the second valve Door, the 3rd valve, the 4th valve, the 5th valve and the communication connection of the 6th valve make two vacuum with the opening and closing by control valve Another vacuum chamber is in blowdown state when room replaces that suction is dirty and a vacuum chamber is in soil pick-up state.
(3) beneficial effect
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
In fecal pollution processing system of the invention, first, the vavuum pump being connected with vacuum chamber enables to the inside of vacuum chamber Negative pressure is formed, so as to fecal pollution is pumped in vacuum chamber, automatic suction excrement function is realized;Second, the first exposure set in vacuum chamber Device of air is directly smashed and stirred to fecal pollution, fecal pollution excellent is smashed and stir, without setting up other in a vacuum chamber Breaking means, simplify in vacuum chamber for smashing and stirring the overall structure of fecal pollution;3rd, the first exposure set in vacuum chamber Device of air can make vacuum chamber with certain pressure, and the flow velocity of the fecal pollution allowed after smashing increases, and reduces line clogging, is conducive to true The emptying of empty room;4th, the second aerator set in blending bin is stirred fecal pollution and flocculant using the gas for exposing Mix, improve flocculating effect and efficiency, without setting up other agitating device in blending bin, simplify in blending bin for stirring dirt The overall structure of excrement and flocculant, reduces cost;5th, smashed using aeration mode and stirred, it is bonded in the absence of fecal pollution Situation on agitating device (such as agitating paddle), and then cleanup step need not be shut down, save manpower, reduces cost, operating efficiency It is high;6th, on the whole, the vacuum chamber with the first aerator is arranged on one-level separation equipment, blending bin and two fractions From the upstream of equipment so that the fecal pollution into one-level separation equipment has certain pressure so that fecal pollution is compared to prior art Flowing velocity increases, and prevents the blocking of subsequent pipeline, is conducive to advancing the treatment progress of fecal pollution, improves treatment effeciency;7th, first One-level isolates larger solid, is subsequently adding flocculant and breaks up smaller dirt and water so that smaller dirt is more prone to subsequently be divided Isolated from equipment so that whole separation effect is more preferably, in hgher efficiency.To sum up, fecal pollution processing system of the invention has structure Simply, automatic sewage-suction inhale excrement, stir and smash that fecal pollution effect is good, flocculating effect is good, pipeline is not easily blocked, overall structure is simple, Low cost, efficiency high, the advantage of high treating effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of fecal pollution processing system disclosed in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the first aerator in the fecal pollution processing system in Fig. 1, the second aerator and the 3rd aerator Cross-sectional view;
Fig. 3 is that one-level separator in the fecal pollution processing system in Fig. 1, motor, transmission device, rolling support seat show It is intended to;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of one-level separator and the rolling support seat in the fecal pollution processing system in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view of the one-level separator in the fecal pollution processing system in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the one-level separator in the fecal pollution processing system in Fig. 1, wherein mainly showing cambered blade Arrangement.
【Description of reference numerals】
In figure:
1:First vacuum chamber;2:Second vacuum chamber;3:Vavuum pump;4:First aerator;5:One-level separation equipment;6:Wadding Solidifying agent dosing tank;7:Blending bin;8:Second aerator;9:The second-order separation equipment;10:Blower fan;11:Pipe-line mixer;12:Rolling Cylinder;13:Filter screen;14:Rolling support seat;15:Base;16:Roll shaft;17:First detent mechanism;18:Neck bush;19:Second determines Position mechanism;20:3rd aerator;21:Venthole;22:First regulating valve;23:Second regulating valve;24:3rd regulating valve; 25:First connecting tube;26:Second connecting tube;27:First valve;28:Second valve;29:First suction tube;30:Second suction Pipe;31:3rd valve;32:4th valve;33:First discharge pipe;34:Second discharge pipe;35:5th valve;36:6th valve Door;37:Controller;38:First liquid level sensor;39:Second liquid level sensor;40:Cambered blade;41:Motor;42:Transmission Device;43:End cap;44:External tooth;45:Driving-chain;46:Air jet system:47:Gear;r:The internal diameter of aeration tube;θ:Venthole with The angle of longitudinal center plane.
Specific embodiment
In order to preferably explain the present invention, in order to understand, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, by specific embodiment, to this hair It is bright to be described in detail.
Embodiment one
Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, fecal pollution processing system includes that vacuum chamber (sets two in the present embodiment Vacuum chamber, respectively the first vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2), vavuum pump 3, the first aerator 4, one-level separation equipment 5, wadding Solidifying agent dosing tank 6, blending bin 7, the second aerator 8, the second-order separation equipment 9, blower fan 10.
Wherein, vavuum pump 3 is connected with vacuum chamber, can in a vacuum chamber form negative pressure and be pumped to vacuum chamber with by fecal pollution In;First aerator 4 is located in vacuum chamber, can stir and smash fecal pollution;The entrance of one-level separation equipment 5 and vacuum chamber Outlet, can receive the fecal pollution after smashing and isolate larger dirt and the sewage containing smaller dirt;Flocculant adds Medicine-chest 6 is used to store flocculant, and above-mentioned flocculant is any flocculant known to fecal pollution process field technical staff;Blending bin 7 Entrance and one-level separation equipment 5 liquid outlet and the outlet of flocculant dosing tank 6, contain smaller dirt that can receive The sewage (from liquid outlet discharge) and flocculant of thing simultaneously form flocculate wherein for the two;Second aerator 8 is arranged on To be stirred in blending bin 7, that is, stirring flocculant therein, the sewage containing smaller dirt and flocculate makes its most end form Into the sewage with flocculate (it is of course possible to can wherein contain unnecessary flocculant or can be containing not forming flocculate on a small quantity Smaller dirt);The entrance of the second-order separation equipment 9 and the outlet of blending bin 7 with can receive the sewage with flocculate, And isolate sewage and desiccation solid dirt;Blower fan 10 is connected with the first aerator 4 and the second aerator 8.
To sum up, fecal pollution is sucked by vacuum into vacuum chamber and carries out aeration and smash, and the fecal pollution after smashing enters one-level separation equipment 5 Larger dirt and the sewage containing smaller dirt are isolated, the sewage containing smaller dirt is in blending bin 7 with flocculant through exposing Gas agitating, flocculation reaction form the sewage containing flocculate, and the sewage containing flocculate is separated by the second-order separation equipment 9 and formed Sewage and desiccation solid dirt.
Thus, first, what the vavuum pump 3 being connected with vacuum chamber enabled to vacuum chamber is internally formed negative pressure, so as to by dirt Excrement is pumped in vacuum chamber, realizes automatic suction excrement function;Second, the first aerator 4 set in vacuum chamber is directly to fecal pollution Smashed and stirred, smashed and stirred fecal pollution excellent, without setting up other breaking means in a vacuum chamber, simplified true It is used to smash and stir the overall structure of fecal pollution in empty room;3rd, the first aerator 4 set in vacuum chamber can make vacuum Room carries certain pressure, and the flow velocity of the fecal pollution allowed after smashing increases, and reduces line clogging, is conducive to the emptying of vacuum chamber;4th, The second aerator 8 set in blending bin 7 is stirred using the gas for exposing to fecal pollution and flocculant, improves flocculating effect And efficiency, without setting up other agitating device in blending bin 7, simplify in blending bin 7 for stirring fecal pollution and flocculant Overall structure, reduces cost;5th, smashed using aeration mode and stirred, it is bonded in agitating device (for example in the absence of fecal pollution Agitating paddle) on situation, and then cleanup step need not be shut down, save manpower, reduces cost, high working efficiency;6th, it is overall next See, the vacuum chamber with the first aerator 4 is arranged on the upper of one-level separation equipment 5, blending bin 7 and the second-order separation equipment 9 Trip so that the fecal pollution into one-level separation equipment 5 has certain pressure so that fecal pollution increases compared to the flowing velocity of prior art Plus, the blocking of subsequent pipeline is prevented, be conducive to advancing the treatment progress of fecal pollution, improve treatment effeciency;7th, first one-level is isolated Larger solid, is subsequently adding flocculant and breaks up smaller dirt and water so that smaller dirt is more prone to be separated by later separation equipment Go out so that whole separation effect is more preferably, in hgher efficiency.To sum up, fecal pollution processing system of the invention has simple structure, automatic suction Dirt inhale excrement, stir and smash that fecal pollution effect is good, flocculating effect is good, pipeline is not easily blocked, overall structure is simple, low cost, efficiency The high, advantage of high treating effect.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first aerator 4 is aeration tube, and the internal diameter r of the aeration tube is 20mm, aeration Pipe is provided with two symmetrical with its longitudinal center plane and lists stomata 21, and the longitudinal center plane set on aeration tube is by aeration tube Shaft centre line.All ventholes 21 in each column venthole 21 are arranged along the direction parallel to longitudinal center plane, each column venthole Spacing in 21 per two neighboring venthole 21 is located in the range of 20-50mm, and the spacing per two neighboring venthole 21 refers to The distance between shaft centre line of venthole 21 two-by-two, without refer to scene 2 stomata 21 hole wall between minimum range.Each Venthole 21 is 45 ° (θ as illustrated), the i.e. longitudinal center line of venthole 21 and the longitudinal direction with the angle of longitudinal center plane Space angle between median plane is 45 °, and the aperture of venthole 21 is located in the range of 2-4.5mm.Preferably, each column venthole Spacing in 21 per two neighboring venthole 21 is 50mm, and the aperture of venthole 21 is 4.2mm.
Further, in the present embodiment, the bottom of vacuum chamber is lain in a horizontal plane in as the aeration tube of the first aerator 4, And venthole 21 thereon is towards the top of vacuum chamber.So cause that the shearing force that the aeration of venthole 21 is formed is directly acted on Fecal pollution, fecal pollution is broken in the presence of shearing force.
In the present embodiment, on the one hand, the internal diameter r of above-mentioned aeration tube and the structure and structural parameters of venthole 21 are conducive to increasing Plus the momentary shear power of aeration tube, on the other hand, due to fecal pollution in larger dirt be easier in true compared to smaller dirt The bottom of empty room, aeration tube is horizontally placed on the bottom of vacuum chamber, and ensure that venthole 21 is with the angle of longitudinal center plane 45 ° (θ as illustrated), so that the shearing force of the instantaneous burst of venthole 21 of aeration tube directly acts on larger dirt Thing, reduces the possibility for weakening shear effect because of the obstruction of sewage, and acceleration is smashed, and efficiency is smashed in raising.
Further, in the present embodiment, aeration tube is stainless steel tube.Can be prevented out using the aeration tube of Stainless Steel material Stomata 21 blocks venthole 21 because getting rusty in use, so as to influence the use longevity for smashing effect and aeration tube of aeration tube Life.The type of the Stainless Steel pipe is any kind of Stainless Steel pipe, but when being guaranteed at fecal pollution environment, aeration tube non-corrosive and full Requirement of the sufficient aeration process to intensity.
The first regulating valve 22 is provided with the connecting pipeline of the first aerator 4 and blower fan 10, for controlling to enter first Aeration air quantity in aerator 4.In the present embodiment, on the pipeline for being connected between the aerator 4 of blower fan 10 and first successively Check-valves, magnetic valve and ball valve are provided with, wherein ball valve controls the first aerator 4 as adjustable first regulating valve 22 of aperture Aeration air quantity.Manually adjustable its aperture, certainly, the first regulating valve 22 can also be automatically controlled.In addition, above-mentioned first Regulating valve 22 can also use pneumatic knife valve, magnetic valve, Hand-operated butterfly valve.Above-mentioned blower fan 10 is three leaf Roots blowers.
In the present embodiment, any vavuum pump that vavuum pump 3 is well known to those skilled in the art, it is preferable that using appearance Product formula vavuum pump, positive-displacement vacuum pump is that container is evacuated using machinery, physics, chemical mode, to obtain the dynamic of negative pressure Power machinery.Vavuum pump 3 is mainly made up of the pump housing, wheel, blade, end cap, bearing cap, shaft coupling etc..
Further, in the present embodiment, vavuum pump 3 is provided with valve by connecting tube and vacuum chamber in connecting tube; The entrance of vacuum chamber is connected with suction tube, and valve is provided with suction tube;The outlet of vacuum chamber is connected with discharge pipe, in discharge pipe It is provided with valve.By controlling the break-make of each pipeline of Valve controlling on connecting tube, suction tube and discharge pipe, and then control vacuum (connecting tube and suction tube are disconnected, discharge pipe is led for room soil pick-up (connecting tube and suction tube conducting, discharge pipe disconnect) and vacuum chamber blowdown It is logical), thus, it is dirty that vacuum chamber replaces suction.Also, stop at soil pick-up state (connecting tube and suction tube conducting, discharge pipe disconnect) Only it is aerated, is entering the moment (moment that connecting tube and suction tube disconnect, discharge pipe begins to turn on) of blowdown state while making the One aerator 4 is aerated in the vacuum chamber in blowdown state, it can thus be appreciated that, the efficiency smashed using aerator stirring It is very high, smashed using independently smashing link without fecal pollution is enclosed in vacuum chamber, therefore save process time.In this Meanwhile, aeration pressure can promote the fecal pollution in vacuum chamber to discharge, and the flow velocity of the fecal pollution allowed after smashing increases, and reduces line clogging.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, two identical vacuum chambers are set and (can refer to following first vacuum chamber 1 and second Vacuum chamber 2, may also be size, variform two vacuum chambers in other embodiments certainly), two vacuum chambers are incorporated into one In individual vacuum tank.Vavuum pump 3 by the first connecting tube 25 and the second connecting tube 26 respectively with two vacuum chambers, connect first The first valve 27 and the second valve 28 are respectively equipped with the connecting tube 26 of adapter 25 and second;The entrance of two vacuum chambers is connected respectively There are the first suction tube 29 and the second suction tube 30, the 3rd valve 31 is respectively equipped with the first suction tube 29 and the second suction tube 30 With the 4th valve 32;The outlet of two vacuum chambers is connected to the first discharge pipe 33 and the second discharge pipe, in the first discharge pipe 33 and second are respectively equipped with the 5th valve 35 and the 6th valve 36 on discharge pipe 34;Be additionally provided with controller 37, controller 37 with First valve 27, the second valve 28, the 3rd valve 31, the 4th valve 32, the 5th valve 35 and the 6th valve 36 communication connection with Two vacuum chambers is replaced that suction is dirty by the opening and closing of control valve and another is true when a vacuum chamber is in soil pick-up state Empty room is in blowdown state.
Wherein, the two ends of the first connecting tube 25 connect with the vacuum chamber 1 of vavuum pump 3 and first respectively, and the first valve 27 is set In the first connecting tube 25, the first valve 27 is for the first connecting tube 25 of opening and closing, the first connecting tube 25 and in opening First valve 27 of state coordinates, for making vavuum pump 3 take the air inside the first vacuum chamber 1 away, so that first is true The air pressure inside of empty room 1 is less than atmospheric pressure.
Wherein, the two ends of the second connecting tube 26 connect with the vacuum chamber 2 of vavuum pump 3 and second respectively, and the second valve 28 is set In the second connecting tube 26.Second valve 28 is for the second connecting tube 26 of opening and closing, the second connecting tube 26 and in opening Second valve 28 of state coordinates, for making vavuum pump 3 take the air inside the second vacuum chamber 2 away, so that second is true The air pressure inside of empty room 2 is less than atmospheric pressure.
Wherein, the first suction tube 29 is connected with the entrance of the first vacuum chamber 1, and the 3rd valve 31 is arranged on the first suction tube 29 On, the 3rd valve 31 is used to open and close the first suction tube 29, the first suction tube 29 and the 3rd valve in open mode 31 coordinate, and fecal pollution enters the first vacuum chamber 1 by the first suction tube 29 under atmospheric pressure.First suction tube 29 and it is in 3rd valve 31 of closure state coordinates, for preventing fecal pollution from entering the first vacuum chamber 1.
Wherein, the second suction tube 30 is connected with the entrance of the second vacuum chamber 2, and the 4th valve 32 is arranged on the second suction tube 30 On.4th valve 32 is used to open and close the second suction tube 30, the second suction tube 30 and the 4th valve in open mode 32 coordinate, and fecal pollution enters the second vacuum chamber 2 by the second suction tube 30 under atmospheric pressure.Second suction tube 30 and it is in 4th valve 32 of closure state coordinates, for preventing fecal pollution from entering the second vacuum chamber 2.
Wherein, the outlet of the first discharge pipe 33 and the first vacuum chamber 1, the 5th valve 35 is arranged on the first discharge pipe 33 On, the 5th valve 35 is used to open and close the first discharge pipe 33.When 5th valve 35 opens the first discharge pipe 33, the first discharge Pipe 33 is used for the fecal pollution discharge inside the first vacuum chamber 1;When 5th valve 35 closes the first discharge pipe 33, fecal pollution row is prevented Go out.
Wherein, the outlet of the second discharge pipe 34 and the second vacuum chamber 2, the 6th valve 36 is arranged on the second discharge pipe 34 On, the 6th valve 36 is used to open and close the second discharge pipe 34.When 6th valve 36 opens the second discharge pipe 34, the second discharge Pipe 34 discharges the fecal pollution inside the second vacuum chamber 2, when the 6th valve 36 closes the second discharge pipe 34, prevents the second vacuum chamber 2 Internal fecal pollution discharge.
Wherein, the valve 27 of controller 37 and first, the second valve 28, the 3rd valve 31, the 4th valve 32, the 5th valve 35th, the communication of the 6th valve 36 connection is to control the opening and closing of each valve, and then the first vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2 is alternately inhaled Blowdown and the second vacuum chamber 2 is in blowdown shape in blowdown state, the second vacuum chamber 2 when the first vacuum chamber 1 is in soil pick-up state The first vacuum chamber 1 is in soil pick-up state during state.
Wherein, controller 37 is with to the first valve to the 6th valve, this six valves send open signal and shutdown signal Signal issuing side, there is the signal for receiving open signal and shutdown signal to receive the first valve to the 6th valve this six valves End, the signal issuing side of controller 37 is connected with the signal receiving end communication of each valve.Certainly, controller 37 can also be with other Valve communication connection is automatically controlled to carry out.
To sum up, the dirty process of the suction of the first vacuum chamber 1 is:Controller 37 controls the first valve 27 to open, gradually by the One vacuum chamber 1 is vacuumized, and is opened the 3rd valve 31 and is coordinated the first valve 27 and the first connecting tube 25 in open mode, The first vacuum chamber 1 is maintained for fecal pollution is pumped into the first vacuum chamber 1 in the case of low pressure.It is appropriate when having in the first vacuum chamber 1 After fecal pollution, the first valve 27 and the 3rd valve 31 are closed, open the 5th valve 35, by the fecal pollution discharge in the first vacuum chamber 1.
The dirty process of the suction of the second vacuum chamber 2 is:Controller 37 controls the second valve 28 to open, gradually by the second vacuum Room 2 vacuumizes, and opens the 4th valve 32 and coordinates the second valve 28 and the second connecting tube 26 in open mode, maintains the Two vacuum chambers 2 are that fecal pollution is pumped into the first vacuum chamber 1 in the case of low pressure.When having appropriate fecal pollution in the second vacuum chamber 2, The second valve 28 and the 4th valve 32 are closed, the 6th valve 36 is opened, by the fecal pollution discharge in the second vacuum chamber 2.
First vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2 replace the dirty process of suction:Controller 37 controls the first valve 27 and the Two valve 28 is alternately opened, i.e., the first vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2 are alternately vacuumized.Control the 3rd valve 31 and the 4th Valve 32 is alternately opened, i.e. the first vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2 replace soil pick-up.Control the 5th valve 35 and the 6th valve 36 Alternately open, i.e. the first vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2 replace blowdown.Also, the first valve 27 and the 3rd valve 31 are opened When, the second valve 28 and the 4th valve 32 are closed so that when the first vacuum chamber 1 is in soil pick-up state, and the second vacuum chamber 2 is in row Dirty state, conversely, when the first valve 27 and the 3rd valve 31 are closed, the second valve 28 and the 4th valve 32 are opened so that first When vacuum chamber 1 is in blowdown state, the second vacuum chamber 2 is in soil pick-up state,
In addition, the first bottom of the discharge pipe 33 in the first vacuum chamber 1, is conducive to the fecal pollution inside the first vacuum chamber 1 to exist By the first smoothly discharge of discharge pipe 33 in the presence of gravity, the second bottom of the discharge pipe 34 in the second vacuum chamber 2 is conducive to Fecal pollution inside second vacuum chamber 2 is under gravity by the second smoothly discharge of discharge pipe 34.
To sum up, the first vacuum chamber 1 and alternation as the second vacuum chamber 2 is shut down or is inverted without vavuum pump 3, is improved Soil pick-up contaminant removal effectiveness.Additionally, being controlled by controller 37, soil pick-up blowdown is more reliable, is connected by communicating, it is possible to achieve long-range Control.
Further, in the present embodiment, it is provided with the first liquid level sensor 38 in the first vacuum chamber 1;In second vacuum chamber 2 It is provided with the second liquid level sensor 39;First liquid level sensor 38 and the second liquid level sensor 39 are connected with the communication of controller 37.On State the first liquid level sensor 38 and the second liquid level sensor 39 is respectively used to inside the first vacuum chamber 1 of detection and the second vacuum chamber 2 The number of fecal pollution, and signal is sent to controller 37 when fecal pollution is detected, controller 37 controls each valve after receiving signal It is opened and closed to exchange two suction dirt states of vacuum chamber.
Further, in the present embodiment, it is equipped with the first aerator in the first vacuum chamber 1 and the second vacuum chamber 2 4, in terms of comprehensive, first while the moment (moment that i.e. the 5th the 6th valve of valve 35/ 36 is opened) of blowdown state is entered Aerator 4 is aerated in the vacuum chamber in blowdown state, because the efficiency that use aerator stirring is smashed is very high, without inciting somebody to action Fecal pollution is enclosed in vacuum chamber and smashed using independently smashing link, therefore saves process time.Simultaneously, aeration pressure Power can promote the fecal pollution in vacuum chamber to discharge, and the flow velocity of the fecal pollution allowed after smashing increases, and reduces line clogging.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, two outlets of vacuum chamber pass through pipeline with the entrance of one-level separation equipment 5 (including the first discharge pipe 33 and the second discharge pipe 34, it is also possible to including connecting with the first discharge pipe 33 and the second discharge pipe 34 simultaneously Logical house steward) it is tightly connected to transmit with the fecal pollution after the smashing of air pressure.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, one-level separation equipment 5 is rotary sieve cylinder, and rotary sieve cylinder includes the He of roller 12 The filter screen 13 of the periphery of roller 12 is covered in, sieve aperture is carried on the barrel of roller 12, after rotary sieve cylinder is smashed for reception Fecal pollution simultaneously isolates larger dirt and the sewage containing smaller dirt.Above-mentioned larger dirt is not over roller 12 and filter screen 13 sieve aperture and be trapped in the dirt inside roller 12, smaller dirt be by rotary sieve cylinder roller 12 and filter screen 13 Sieve aperture flows to the dirt outside filter screen 13 with sewage.The barrel inner side of roller 12 is provided with when roller 12 rotates and forms spiral discharge The multiple arcs blade 40 of passage.Thus, above-mentioned multiple arcs blade 40 rotates with rotary sieve cylinder, forms a spiral discharge Passage, this spiral passing away enables to the larger dirt in fecal pollution to be arranged along spiral while rotary sieve cylinder rotates Go out passage to be automatically drained out, the step of eliminate manual cleaning, save manpower, improve efficiency, reduces cost.
Specifically, multiple arcs blade 40 is along a helical trajectory (helical trajectory is virtual presence) the uniform cloth in interval Put.In the present embodiment, six cambered blades 40 are set.Also, the inwall of multiple arcs blade 40 and roller 12 is (i.e. in barrel Side) it is fixedly connected.Preferably, the width of the widest part of cambered blade 40 is located in the range of 2-4cm, wherein, with reference to accompanying drawing, arc Shape blade 40 has two arc-shaped sides, and the most width between two arc-shaped sides is from as the widest part, the shape of cambered blade 40 Can be regarded as crescent.Further, motor 41 and transmission device 42, transmission device 42 connection motor 41 and roller are additionally provided with 12, the rotation of motor 41 is transferred to roller 12, drive roller 12 to rotate, and then drive whole rotary sieve cylinder rotation.Can manage Solution, one end of rotary sieve cylinder is arrival end, and one end is the port of export, spiral passing away extend in arrival end and the port of export it Between.
Further, it is additionally provided with 4 rolling supports seat 14 in rectangular layout, rolling support seat 14 includes base 15 and can The roll shaft 16 on base 15 is pivotally supported at, the two ends of rotary sieve cylinder are provided with neck bush 18, and rotary sieve cylinder passes through two Neck bush 18 is rotatably supported on the roll shaft 16 of rolling support seat 14.Wherein, 44 bases 15 of rolling support seat 14 It is rectangular to be fixedly installed in mounting surface, it is respectively cooperating with that a roll shaft 16 is installed on 4 bases 15.Above-mentioned roll shaft 16 is in rotary sieve Played a supporting role in the rotation process of cylinder, the installation site of roll shaft 16 needs to ensure that rotary sieve cylinder will not when rotating Touch the mounting surface of above-mentioned rolling support seat 14 or cause other adverse consequences, such as violent vibrations.
Certainly, the present invention is not limited to this, in other embodiments, realizes the rotatable mode installed of rotary sieve cylinder Other modes well-known to those skilled in the art can also be used, for example, using the cooperation of bearing and bearing block.
Further, roll shaft 16 is provided with the first detent mechanism 17, and neck bush 18 is provided with the second detent mechanism 19, and first determines Position mechanism 17 and second detent mechanism 19 coordinates and constitutes to rotary sieve cylinder in its axial direction spacing.Thus, rotary sieve cylinder Using the cooperation of rolling support seat 14 and neck bush 18, it is ensured that in axially position, circumferential direction is rotated freely rotary sieve cylinder, both The rotation of rotary sieve cylinder is realized, axial restraint of the rotary sieve cylinder in rotation process, simple structure are realized again.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the first detent mechanism 17 is the annular projection being arranged on the outer peripheral face of roll shaft 16, Second detent mechanism 19 is the annular recess being arranged on the outer peripheral face of neck bush 18.Annular projection and annular recess constitute concavo-convex Coordinate, to limit the axial movement of rotary sieve cylinder.The height of annular projection is more than the depth of annular recess, in case spin-ended turn of filter Net cylinder rubs with neck bush 18.Preferably, the height of annular projection is located in the range of 1.5-3cm, the depth position of annular recess In the range of 0.8-1.2cm, such numerical Design ensures that positioning is firm, ensures that abrasion is small again.
Certainly, the present invention is not limited to this, in other embodiments, is ensureing the first detent mechanism 17 and the second localization machine On the premise of structure 19 constitutes male-female engagement, and the depth of the height more than annular recess of annular projection, above-mentioned first localization machine The annular projection of structure 17 is readily modified as annular recess, and the annular recess of above-mentioned second detent mechanism 19 is readily modified as annular projection.
Further, in the present embodiment, the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder is cylindrical shape, and the sieve aperture on roller 12 is bar shaped Sieve aperture, all bar shaped screen holes are provided at circumferentially spaced along roller 12, and the bar shaped screen hole can be punch forming.Certainly, Roller 12 can also be what two and two or more metallic plate etc. were welded, and the gap between each metallic plate forms sieve aperture.Rolling The effect of cylinder 12 is the rigid support for constituting rotary sieve cylinder, to ensure that it is indeformable in the course of the work.
Further, in the present embodiment, filter screen 13 is cylindrical filter screen 13, and cylindrical filter screen 13 is set in the outside of roller 12 And cylindrical filter screen 13 and roller 12 are fixedly connected with neck bush 18, the structure that filter screen 13 covers roller 12 is formed.Wherein, filter The sieve aperture of net 13 is shaped as any shape, it is preferable that the sieve aperture of filter screen 13 is shaped as rectangle, and the material of filter screen 13 is stainless steel Material.It is fixedly connected between filter screen 13 and roller 12 and neck bush 18, what mode can be well known to those skilled in the art appoints What is fixedly connected, for example, welding, riveting, it is gluing.
Further, the screen size of filter screen 13 and roller 12 is 8mm.The screen size of filter screen 13 and roller 12 refers to sieve Hole allows the full-size of the material for passing through.
Further, the arrival end of rotary sieve cylinder is provided with air jet system, and air jet system is connected with blower fan 10, air jet system Injection direction is in angle towards rotary sieve cylinder inside and with the axis of rotary sieve cylinder, is so conducive to cleaning roller 12 and filter The dirt bonded on net 13.Wherein, air jet system can share same blower fan 10 with the first aerator 4, also can be used alone one Blower fan 10.In addition, by valve regulated air quantity between air jet system 46 and blower fan 10, valve can be skilled artisan Known any valve, such as butterfly valve.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, air jet system 46 is air jet pipe, and the end wall of air jet pipe is provided with exhaust vent, air jet pipe Injection direction towards rotary sieve cylinder inside and with rotary sieve cylinder axis be in angle.Above-mentioned angle is more than 0 ° and is less than 90 °, i.e. air jet pipe are obliquely installed relative to the inwall of roller 12, are so conducive to the dirt being bonded on the inwall of roller 12 to take off Fall.Preferably, the injection direction of air jet pipe and the axis of rotary sieve cylinder are in 45 ° of angles.
In addition, the jet mode of above-mentioned air jet pipe can be interval jet, i.e., the jet in the course of work of rotary sieve cylinder The tube portion time is in jet state, and part-time is in halted state, when air jet pipe is in jet state, the spray of air jet pipe Tolerance can be adjusted by valve.
To sum up, in the present embodiment, the fecal pollution smashed with pace enters the inside of the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder, On the one hand, rotary sieve cylinder is at the uniform velocity rotated under the driving of motor 41 and transmission device 42 by certain speed, the dirt in fecal pollution Water drives smaller dirt that the sieve aperture of roller 12 and filter screen 13 is flowed through from the inside of the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder, into rotary sieve The outside of the filter screen 13 of cylinder, subsequently into blending bin 7;On the other hand, the larger dirt in fecal pollution is because size is more than rotation filter The roller 12 of net cylinder and the screen size of filter screen 13 are trapped in the inside of roller 12, and multiple arcs blade 40 is with rotary sieve Spiral passing away is formed when cylinder rotation, on the one hand be trapped in the larger dirt inside the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder has The pace for carrying, the spiral passing away on the other hand being formed with the rotation of multiple arcs blade 40 is supplied to its circumference Speed, larger dirt is automatically drained out under the drive of pace and rotary speed along the spiral passing away, now, one-level Separation equipment completes this link process task, and larger dirt and sewage containing smaller dirt are separated.In the present embodiment, on State during larger dirt is automatically drained out roller 12, because the rotation of the bonding characteristic and roller 12 of larger dirt itself is made With, it is easy to be bonded on the inwall of roller 12, simultaneously, the sewage containing smaller dirt in the sieve aperture by roller 12 and During the sieve aperture of filter screen 13, also it is easy to be bonded in the sieve aperture edge of roller 12 and filter screen 13, the blocking of sieve aperture is caused, based on above-mentioned Situation, by being arranged on the air jet system 46 of the arrival end of roller 12, the gas blown out using air jet system 46 is blown off and is bonded in rolling Larger dirt and the smaller dirt at the sieve aperture edge for being bonded in the inwall of roller 12 and filter screen 13 inside cylinder 12, reach automated cleaning Effect, improve separative efficiency, saved manual cleaning step, reduce cost.
The rotary sieve cylinder that above-mentioned one-level separation equipment is used can be regarded as the grid structure of rotary filtering net 13, the structure Sewage water filtration precision and disposal ability are substantially increased, the rotary sieve barrel structure is unique, reliable operation, without changing internal unit Part, Operation and Maintenance is simple, and long service life, use cost is low, is capable of achieving to be automatically separated, without manually drawing clearly.
In general, above-mentioned one-level separation equipment has the advantages that to be automatically drained out larger dirt and coordinates the facility can be automatic Cleaning rotary sieve cylinder, improves separative efficiency, reduces cost.
In addition to the foregoing structure, also end cap 43, end cap 43 can be fixedly installed in the arrival end of rotary sieve cylinder or the port of export Can be fixed with neck bush 18, entrance or outlet are correspondingly opened up on end cap 43, entrance is used for fecal pollution and enters rotary sieve cylinder The inside of roller 12, exports the inside discharge from the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder for larger dirt.One is provided with end cap 43 Circle external tooth 44, is arranged with gear 47 on the projecting shaft of motor 41, the external tooth 44 and gear 47 of end cap 43 are connected by driving-chain 45. Thus, end cap 43, driving-chain 45 and gear 47 constitute transmission device 42, and the rotation of motor 41 is delivered into roller through neck bush 18 12 and filter screen 13.Certainly, transmission device 42 is not limited to the example above, can also be any biography well known to those skilled in the art Dynamic device 42, for example, gear 47 is driven.Correspondingly, corresponding adjustment should be also made with the counter structure that it is used cooperatively.
On the other hand, the isolated sewage containing smaller dirt of one-level separation equipment can be by being arranged on rotary sieve The outside collection vessel of cylinder is collected, wherein, 4 rolling supports 14, whole rotary sieve cylinder, motors 41, transmission device 42 can To be all installed in above-mentioned collection vessel, it is of course also possible to be partly installed in above-mentioned collection vessel, for example, only will rotation Screen tube is arranged at above-mentioned collection vessel, and by 4 rolling supports seats 14, whole rotary sieve cylinder, motor 41, transmission device 42 Can all be installed on outside above-mentioned collection vessel.
Specifically, the fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment also includes the 3rd aeration dress being arranged in flocculant dosing tank 6 20 are put, the 3rd aerator 20 is connected with blower fan 10.Flocculant is stirred using the gas for exposing, mixing effect is splendid, Without setting up other agitating device in flocculant dosing tank 6, simplify in flocculant dosing tank 6 for stirring the whole of flocculant Body structure, reduces cost;The first aerator 4 for being set in flocculant dosing tank 6 simultaneously can make the band of flocculant dosing tank 6 There is certain pressure, allow the flow velocity of flocculant to increase, reduce line clogging, be conducive to the discharge of flocculant dosing tank 6.
Specifically, the 3rd aerator 20 is aeration tube, and the internal diameter r of aeration tube is 20mm, and aeration tube is provided with vertical with it To median plane it is symmetrical two list stomata 21, the shaft centre line that the longitudinal center plane set on aeration tube passes through aeration tube.Each column All ventholes 21 in venthole 21 are arranged along the direction parallel to longitudinal center plane, per two neighboring in each column venthole 21 The spacing of venthole 21 is located in the range of 20-50mm, and the spacing per two neighboring venthole 21 refers to venthole 21 two-by-two The distance between shaft centre line, without refer to scene 2 stomata 21 hole wall between minimum range.Each venthole 21 and longitudinal direction The angle of median plane is 45 ° (θ as illustrated), i.e. sky between the longitudinal center line of venthole 21 and the longitudinal center plane Between angle be 45 °, the aperture of venthole 21 is located in the range of 2-4.5mm.Preferably, per two neighboring in each column venthole 21 The spacing of venthole 21 is 50mm, and the aperture of venthole 21 is 4.2mm.
Further, in the present embodiment, flocculant dosing is lain in a horizontal plane in as the aeration tube of the 3rd aerator 20 The bottom of case 6, and venthole 21 thereon is towards the top of flocculant dosing tank 6.Above-mentioned installation site is conducive to fully stirring Flocculant is mixed, the solidification of flocculant is prevented.
In the present embodiment, on the one hand, the internal diameter r and the knot of venthole 21 of the above-mentioned aeration tube as the 3rd aerator 20 Structure and structural parameters are conducive to increasing the instantaneous force of aeration tube, on the other hand, aeration tube is horizontally placed on into flocculant and is added The bottom of medicine-chest 6, and ensure that venthole 21 is 45 degree with the angle of longitudinal center plane, so that the wink of venthole 21 of aeration tube Between the gas that exposes from bottom to top act on flocculant from the bottom of flocculant dosing tank 6, it is to avoid in nethermost flocculation Agent is not stirred thoroughly, causes flocculant to solidify, the follow-up flocculation reaction of influence flocculant, causes wastewater treatment efficiency Decline.Thus, the mixing effect of flocculant medicine machine is more preferable.
Further, in the present embodiment, as the aeration tube of the 3rd aerator 20 for pvc is managed.Using the aeration of pvc Pipe can prevent venthole 21 from blocking venthole 21 because getting rusty in use, so as to influence mixing effect and the exposure of aeration tube The service life of tracheae.Above-mentioned aeration tube can be partly arranged in flocculant dosing tank 6, it is also possible to be all arranged at flocculant Dosing tank 6, but ensure, venthole 21 all leaks in flocculant dosing tank 6 cruelly.
The 3rd regulating valve 24 is provided with the connecting pipeline of the 3rd aerator 20 and blower fan 10, for controlling to enter the 3rd Aeration air quantity in aerator 20.In the present embodiment, between the aerator 20 of blower fan 10 and the 3rd connect pipeline on according to Secondary to be provided with check-valves, magnetic valve and ball valve, wherein ball valve controls the 3rd aeration dress as adjustable 3rd regulating valve 24 of aperture Put 20 aeration size, manually adjustable its aperture.Certainly, the adjustable valve of aperture can also be automatically controlled.In addition, on Stating the adjustable valve of aperture can also use pneumatic knife valve, magnetic valve, Hand-operated butterfly valve.
Thus, in above-mentioned flocculant dosing tank 6, the mixing effect of flocculant is effectively raised by aerator, In actually used, the size of aeration rate can adjust the big of aeration rate according to the actual content of flocculant in flocculant dosing tank 6 The small effect so as to reach energy-conservation.And above-mentioned flocculant dosing tank 6 have simple structure, with low cost, mixing effect good with And the advantage that pipeline is not easily blocked.
Further, in the present embodiment, the outlet of the liquid outlet of one-level separation equipment 5 and flocculant dosing tank 6 passes through Same pipe-line mixer 11 is connected with the entrance of blending bin 7.Specifically, pipe-line mixer 11 connects use with the entrance of blending bin 7 Enter blending bin 7 in sewage of the guiding containing smaller dirt, the outlet of flocculant dosing tank 6 by above-mentioned pipe-line mixer 11 with The entrance connection of blending bin 7.Above-mentioned pipe-line mixer 11 is used for the flocculant in flocculant dosing tank 6 and contains smaller dirt Sewage be pre-mixed so that flocculation reaction is more abundant, reduce mixing time, it is cost-effective, improve efficiency.It is above-mentioned The features such as pipe-line mixer 11 has rapidly and efficiently mixing, simple structure, saving energy consumption, compact, is being not required to outer power feelings Under condition, the sewage containing smaller dirt produces shunting, three effects of cross-mixing and reverse eddy flow by pipe-line mixer 11, makes In the sewage that the flocculant of addition is rapid, be uniformly spread to entirely contain smaller dirt, the purpose that moment mixes is reached, mixed Efficiency high can save flocculant usage about 20~30% up to 90~95%, and to improving wastewater treatment efficiency, energy saving has weight Big meaning.
Preferably, above-mentioned pipe-line mixer 11 uses static mixer, and the mixed process of static mixer is by a series of The mixed cell of the different size in hollow pipe is carried out.Due to the effect of mixed cell, when making fecal pollution and flocculant And it is left-handed, when and dextrorotation, constantly change flowing hybrid directional, not only push center fecal pollution and flocculant to periphery, and by week Side fecal pollution and flocculant push center to, so as to cause good radial direction mixed effect.At the same time, this perfect radial circular flow Immixture, makes fecal pollution and flocculant obtain well mixed purpose.Static mixer is a kind of efficient mixing without motion Equipment, by the mixed cell internals being fixed in pipe, makes two strands or multiply fecal pollution and flocculant generation cutting, shearing, rotation With re-mix, reach fine dispersion and well-mixed purpose between fecal pollution and flocculant.The characteristics of above-mentioned static mixer For:
1st, continuous processing, mixed process is not interrupted;
2nd, shearing force is minimum does not destroy mixture, such as:Flocculate;
3rd, mixing distance and installing space it is very small, and static mixer inherently pipeline a part, can be seen Make special pipeline, it is to avoid the defect such as traditional tank diameter;
4th, without moving component, in the absence of abrasion, almost without maintenance cost;
5th, mass-transfer efficiency is very high, and pressure drop and energy ezpenditure are very low;
6th, will not be blocked, mounting means and material can be any shape, any size and any material.
Further, in the present embodiment, the second aerator 8 in blending bin 7 is aeration tube, and the internal diameter r of aeration tube is 20mm, aeration tube is provided with two symmetrical with its longitudinal center plane and lists stomata 21, and the longitudinal center plane set on aeration tube leads to Cross the shaft centre line of aeration tube.All ventholes 21 in each column venthole 21 are arranged along the direction parallel to longitudinal center plane, Spacing in each column venthole 21 per two neighboring venthole 21 is located in the range of 20-50mm, per two neighboring venthole 21 Spacing refer to the distance between shaft centre line of venthole 21 two-by-two, without refer to two-by-two between the hole wall of venthole 21 most Small distance.Each venthole 21 is 45 ° (θ as illustrated) with the angle of longitudinal center plane, i.e., in the axial direction of venthole 21 Space angle between heart line and the longitudinal center plane is 45 °.The aperture of venthole 21 is located in the range of 2-4.5mm.It is preferred that Ground, the spacing in each column venthole 21 per two neighboring venthole 21 is 50mm, and the aperture of venthole 21 is 4.2mm.
The bottom of blending bin 7, and the court of venthole 21 thereon are lain in a horizontal plane in as the aeration tube of the second aerator 8 To the top of blending bin 7.Above-mentioned installation site is conducive to accelerating the flocculation reaction speed of fecal pollution and flocculant, so as to accelerate flocculation The formation of thing.
In the present embodiment, on the one hand, the internal diameter r of above-mentioned aeration tube and the structure and structural parameters of venthole 21 are conducive to increasing Plus the instantaneous force of aeration tube, on the other hand, aeration tube is horizontally placed on the bottom of blending bin 7, and ensure venthole 21 Be 45 degree with the angle of longitudinal center plane, so that the gas that the moment of venthole 21 of aeration tube exposes from blending bin 7 most Fecal pollution, flocculant and flocculate are from bottom to top acted on below, it is to avoid do not stirred thoroughly in nethermost fecal pollution Mix, cause fecal pollution not reacted fully with flocculant, cause wastewater treatment efficiency to decline.Thus, flocculating effect is more preferable.
Further, in the present embodiment, as the aeration tube of the second aerator 8 for pvc is managed.Using the aeration of pvc Pipe can prevent venthole 21 from blocking venthole 21 because getting rusty in use, so as to influence mixing effect and the exposure of aeration tube The service life of tracheae.Above-mentioned aeration tube can be partly arranged in blending bin 7, it is also possible to be all arranged at blending bin 7, but protected Card, venthole 21 all leaks in blending bin 7 cruelly.
Further, the second regulating valve 23 is located on the connecting pipeline of the second aerator 8 and blower fan 10, for controlling to enter Aeration air quantity in second aerator 8.In the present embodiment, it is sequentially provided with only on the pipeline that blower fan 10 is connected with aerator Return valve, magnetic valve and ball valve, wherein, ball valve as adjustable second regulating valve 23 of aperture, manually adjustable its aperture, certainly, The adjustable valve of aperture can also be automatically controlled.Preferably, the first regulating valve 22, the second regulating valve 23 and the 3rd regulating valve 24 Aperture causes that by the air quantity ratio of the air-flow of three be 1:2:1.It is further preferred that aeration air quantity in a vacuum chamber is 0.5m3/ Min, aeration pressure is 49kPa;Aeration air quantity in blending bin 7 is 1m3/ min, aeration pressure is 49kPa;In flocculant plus Aeration air quantity in medicine-chest 6 is 0.5m3/ min, aeration pressure is 49kPa.
Further, the second-order separation equipment 9 is Stacked sludge dewatering machine.Specifically, Stacked sludge dewatering machine is used The form of folded spiral shell extruding, on the one hand, separation of solid and liquid is carried out to the various excrement through flocculant process, sedimentation problem can be both solved, Enhancing disposal ability, the construction area of biochemistry pool can be greatly reduced again, at the same treatment after sewage to municipal pipeline without blocking, reach To the discharge standard of cesspool sewage three-level, construction investment and the land use area of environmental protection treatment are saved to greatest extent.Separately On the one hand, for various excrement in itself, extrusion process is obtained the intimate odorless of solid matter, sticky small, rubbish are automatically separated, side Just process.And sludge isolation technics more typical at present generally uses horizontal helical type centrifugal separator, plate and frame type filter-press, belt pressure Filter etc., compared to spiral shell formula mud is relatively folded, horizontal screw centrifuge mechanical requirements are high, energy consumption and cost of investment is larger and rotating speed Up to more than 5000 revs/min;Plate and frame type filter-press disposal ability is small, cumbersome and filter cloth cracky, obstruction, it is general only Suitable for small-scale sewage station;There is the deficiencies such as floor space is big, high energy consumption, washing water quantity are more again in belt filter press.And folded spiral shell formula Sludge dewatering equipment, not only successfully overcomes the deficiency of the various machine of the above, with more small volume, lightweight, the small, noise of vibration Less, it is pollution-free, can continuously using, garrisoned without personnel many advantages, such as.
Use above-mentioned fecal pollution processing system carry out the process of fecal pollution treatment for:
Fecal pollution enters after vacuum chamber, through aeration agitation, smashes into one-level separation equipment 5, fecal pollution one-level separation equipment 5 With rotary sieve cylinder together rotating filter, wherein, larger dirt is automatically drained out from inside the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder, contains The sewage of smaller dirt then enters rotation and filters from the inside of the roller 12 of rotary sieve cylinder by the sieve aperture of roller 12 and filter screen 13 The outside of the filter screen 13 of net cylinder, the sewage containing smaller dirt outside the filter screen 13 of rotary sieve cylinder is collected (can be adopted With collection vessels such as collecting tanks) blending bin 7 is flowed into afterwards, blending bin 7 is also received from the flocculant in flocculant dosing tank 6, on State flocculant and the sewage containing smaller dirt in blending bin 7 by flocculation formed flocculate, the flocculate of formation and Sewage flows into the second-order separation equipment 9 from the outlet of blending bin 7, and the second-order separation equipment 9 is received and contains flocculation from blending bin 74 The sewage of thing is simultaneously separated into sewage and desiccation solid dirt.
Further, the fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment can be incorporated on a fecal pollution car, and the fecal pollution car adds four Pneumatic jack, for aiding in vehicle body stabilization.The compartment of the fecal pollution car mainly includes casing and lower shirt rim, box shape size (* * wide long are high) is 4200*2060*2200mm, and casing overall design employs the structure of skeleton covering, by box frame, base plate and Interior exterior skin composition, wherein, added with insulating between interior exterior skin, it is ensured that mobile car of removing contamination adapts to different weather rings Border.Box frame is welded using rectangular tube.Beam is molded underframe using steel plate bending in length and breadth, and group is welded into netted underframe, and reserves Equipment mounting rail and reinforcing plate, postwelding carry out derusting anti-corrosive treatment, brushing anti-corrosive primer and finish paint after phosphatization.Backplate surface is laid Thickness is the stainless-steel sheet of 4mm, is easy to equipment clean and maintenance, specious.It is the stainless steel steel of 1mm that exterior skin uses thickness Plate.It is the aluminium checkered plate of 1.5mm that inside panel uses thickness, internal filled polystyrene foam.It is stainless that casing both sides are respectively provided with 4 fans Steel casement door, rear portion is provided with one tilt-up door.Roof is provided with 3 sets of skylights, for maintenance and overhaul of the equipments.Both sides can also install additional LED screen.
Additionally, the combination property of the fecal pollution processing system to improve the present embodiment, this fecal pollution processing system is powered can be used Municipal electricity consumption is powered and two kinds of power supply modes of self power generation, with three-phase electricity as major impetus, while being equipped with generating set to solve not having There is the situation of three-phase electricity.Two kinds of power supply modes can realize interlocking, possess the function of phase sequence and overload protection.The present embodiment is dirty The generator that excrement processing system is provided for oneself uses mute diesel unit generation, 22 kilowatts of power at most to generate electricity 22 degree per hour.Hair Motor is higher than the power of required generating when unlatching, after startup, typically can be more smaller than required power.1 liter of diesel oil 4 degree of electricity are generated, fuel consumption electricity as needed is calculated.The generator that the present embodiment fecal pollution processing system is provided for oneself has sealing Good, excellent performance, compact conformation, small volume, lightweight, reliability are high etc. a little, especially with water-proof function, substantially increase The adaptability of vehicle traveling and operating environment.
Furthermore it is preferred that be the setting for saving power part, the liquid outlet of rotary sieve cylinder one-level separation equipment 5 and The outlet of flocculant dosing tank 6 is above the entrance of pipe-line mixer 11, outlet the entering higher than blending bin 7 of pipe-line mixer 11 Mouthful, the entrance of the outlet higher than the second-order separation equipment 9 of blending bin 7 enables fluid to be transmitted by self gravitation.
To sum up, environmental protection industry (epi) slower development can restrict the development of urban civilization, and the fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment is used for Environmental protection industry (epi), meets environmental protection industry (epi) to improving environmental protection equipment efficiency, improves the serious present situation of secondary pollution, meets garbage harmless Change, minimizing, the requirement of recycling treatment.Above-mentioned fecal pollution processing system is that the multiple equipments such as collection separation of solid and liquid, liquid medicine stirring are The system of one, perfection incorporates the multiple functions such as various excrement, sludge, sewage disposal, the sewage reusable edible isolated, And can to a certain extent reduce the content of BOD, COB in sewage, and can continuously work, with use cost it is low, High efficiency, efficiency high, environmental protection, energy-conservation, the more low advantage of cost.
Larger dirt and desiccation solid dirt after the fecal pollution processing system treatment of the present embodiment can be directly as organic fertilizers Using or as organic fertilizer raw material, the organic fertilizer that is directly or indirectly made using above-mentioned raw materials of sale can obtain extra warp Ji benefit.Above-mentioned organic fertilizer can be used for many fields, for example, can be used for fruit tree, forest fertilization;Can be botanical garden, flower Excellent " tonic " in garden;It can be the fabulous nutrient for incubating bamboo shoot;It can be the feed of chicken and duck fish.
The sewage obtained after the fecal pollution processing system treatment of the present embodiment can produce biogas by Anaerobic Treatment, used as fuel Or power generation energy resource, and the sewage produces biogas not easily cause the blocking of methane-generating pit because being substantially free of solid residue, so as to increase The service life of methane-generating pit.On the other hand, the sewage for being obtained after the fecal pollution processing system treatment of the present embodiment needn't ferment can Used directly as organic fertilizer, above-mentioned fertilizer has good penetrability, the advantage that crop easily absorbs is defeated by above-mentioned fertilizer packing formula Send, prevented the use of harmful chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, form benign ecological circulation, above-mentioned fertilizer can also be used for supporting for greenhouse gardening Point.
The fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment has practicality:Each equipment separation of solid and liquid speed of the fecal pollution processing system Hurry up, it is separated after desiccation solid dirt water content between 60%-80%, amount of slag and water content can be by adjusting each equipment Parameter adjust, the feed (such as grass and concentrated feed) of applicable different components is readily transported, and its solid particless thing is well suited as fish Raw material of feed and organic fertilizer etc..
The fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment has durability:The roller 12 and filter screen 13 and fuselage of rotary sieve cylinder are complete Portion is made of stainless steel, more robust with respect to other same machines.
The fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment is economical:Each equipment operation of the fecal pollution processing system is easy, it is only necessary to Configuration municipal administration 380V three-phase electricities or diesel-driven generator.
The fecal pollution processing system of the present embodiment has advance:At the fully integrated various excrement of the fecal pollution processing system Reason, with dirt-removing power it is strong, without blocking, many-sided advantage such as easy to clean, low cost income is high.
Above content is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to of the invention Thought, will change in specific embodiments and applications, and this specification content should not be construed as to the present invention Limitation.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fecal pollution processing system, it is characterised in that including:
Vacuum chamber;
Vavuum pump (3), the vavuum pump (3) is connected with the vacuum chamber, and negative pressure can be formed in the vacuum chamber with by dirt Excrement is pumped in the vacuum chamber;
The dirt can be stirred and smashed to first aerator (4), first aerator (4) in the vacuum chamber Excrement;
One-level separation equipment (5), the one-level separation equipment (5) and the vacuum chamber, can receive the fecal pollution after smashing And isolate larger dirt and the sewage containing smaller dirt;
Flocculant dosing tank (6), the flocculant dosing tank (6) is for storing flocculant;
Blending bin (7), the blending bin (7) connects with the one-level separation equipment (5) and the flocculant dosing tank (6), with Sewage and flocculant containing smaller dirt can be received and flocculate is formed wherein for the two;
Second aerator (8), second aerator (8) is arranged in the blending bin (7) to be stirred;
The second-order separation equipment (9), the second-order separation equipment (9) connects to receive with flocculation with the blending bin (7) The sewage of thing simultaneously isolates sewage and desiccation solid dirt;And
Blower fan (10), the blower fan (10) connects with first aerator (4) and second aerator (8).
2. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The outlet of the vacuum chamber is connected to transmit with air pressure with the entrance of the one-level separation equipment (5) by seal for pipe joints Smash after fecal pollution.
3. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The outlet of the liquid outlet and the flocculant dosing tank (6) of the one-level separation equipment (5) is mixed by same pipeline Device (11) is connected with the entrance of the blending bin (7).
4. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The one-level separation equipment (5) is rotary sieve cylinder, and the rotary sieve cylinder includes roller (12) and is covered in the rolling The filter screen (13) of cylinder (12) periphery, carries sieve aperture on the barrel of the roller (12), and barrel inner side is provided with described The multiple arcs blade (40) of spiral passing away is formed when roller (12) rotates, the multiple cambered blade (40) is along a spiral shell Rotation track spacing is evenly arranged;
The second-order separation equipment (9) is Stacked sludge dewatering machine.
5. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that also include:
4 rolling supports seat (14) in rectangular layout, rolling support seat (14) includes base (15) and rotatable twelve Earthly Branches The roll shaft (16) on the base (15) is supportted, the roll shaft (16) is provided with the first detent mechanism (17), the rotary sieve The two ends of cylinder are provided with neck bush (18), and the rotary sieve cylinder is rotatably supported at described by two neck bush (18) On the roll shaft (16) of rolling support seat (14), the neck bush (18) is provided with the second detent mechanism (19), first positioning Mechanism (17) and second detent mechanism (19) coordinate and constitute to rotary sieve cylinder in its axial direction spacing.
6. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that
The arrival end of the rotary sieve cylinder is provided with air jet system (46), and the air jet system (46) is with the blower fan (10) even Connect, the injection direction of the air jet system (46) is in towards rotary sieve cylinder inside and with the axis of rotary sieve cylinder Angle.
7. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include:
Be arranged on the 3rd aerator (20) in the flocculant dosing tank (6), the 3rd aerator (20) with it is described Blower fan (10) is connected.
8. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that
First aerator (4), second aerator (8) and the 3rd aerator (20) are aeration tube, The internal diameter of the aeration tube is 20mm, and the aeration tube is provided with two symmetrical with its longitudinal center plane and lists stomata (21), often The all described venthole (21) in the venthole (21) is arranged along the direction arrangement parallel to the longitudinal center plane, each column institute The spacing for stating every two neighboring venthole (21) in venthole (21) is located in the range of 20-50mm, each described outlet Hole (21) is 45 ° with the angle of the longitudinal center plane, and the aperture of the venthole (21) is located in the range of 2-4.5mm;
First aerator (4) lies in a horizontal plane in the bottom of the vacuum chamber, and venthole (21) thereon is towards institute State the top of vacuum chamber;
Second aerator (8) lies in a horizontal plane in the bottom of the blending bin (7), and venthole (21) direction thereon The top of the blending bin (7);
3rd aerator (20) lies in a horizontal plane in the bottom of the flocculant dosing tank (6), and venthole thereon (21) towards the top of the flocculant dosing tank (6).
9. the fecal pollution processing system according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterised in that also include:
On the connecting pipeline of first aerator (4) and the blower fan (10) and for controlling to enter the described first exposure First regulating valve (22) of the aeration air quantity in device of air (4), positioned at second aerator (8) and the blower fan (10) On connecting pipeline and for control enter second aerator (8) in aeration air quantity the second regulating valve (23) and On the connecting pipeline of the 3rd aerator (20) and the blower fan (10) and for controlling to enter the described 3rd aeration 3rd regulating valve (24) of the aeration air quantity in device (20), first regulating valve (22), the second regulating valve (23) and described The aperture of the 3rd regulating valve (24) is such that by the air quantity ratio of the air-flow of three be 1:2:1.
10. fecal pollution processing system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
Set two vacuum chambers, vavuum pump (3) by the first connecting tube (25) and the second connecting tube (26) respectively with two vacuum Room is connected, and the first valve (27) and the second valve (28) are respectively equipped with the first connecting tube (25) and the second connecting tube (26);
The entrance of two vacuum chambers is connected on the first suction tube (29) and the second suction tube (30) and is respectively equipped with the 3rd valve Door (31) and the 4th valve (32);
The outlet of two vacuum chambers is connected to the first discharge pipe (33) and the second discharge pipe (34), in the first discharge pipe (33) With the 5th valve (35) and the 6th valve (36) are respectively equipped with the second discharge pipe (34);
It is additionally provided with controller (37), it is the controller (37) and first valve (27), second valve (28), described The communication connection of 3rd valve (31), the 4th valve (32), the 5th valve (35) and the 6th valve (36) is with logical Another vacuum when making two vacuum chambers replace that suction is dirty and a vacuum chamber is in soil pick-up state of crossing the opening and closing of control valve Room is in blowdown state.
CN201611219084.3A 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Excrement treatment system Active CN106746458B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108947011A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-07 安徽瑞瑶环保科技有限公司 A kind of integrated rural sewage-treatment plant
CN113323842A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-08-31 四川大学 Vacuum pump device for sewage treatment and underground sewage treatment system
CN115315302A (en) * 2020-04-17 2022-11-08 三菱重工环境·化学工程株式会社 Sieve device, concentration system, dehydration system, and water treatment system
CN115315302B (en) * 2020-04-17 2024-05-31 三菱重工环境·化学工程株式会社 Screen device, concentration system, dewatering system and water treatment system

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JP2004122029A (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-04-22 Ik Shoji Kk Aeration treatment system for excretion water
CN102674592A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-09-19 王元华 Full-automatic quick processing system for sewage, sludge and feces
CN104959299A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 福建师范大学 Two-stage roller screening device
CN205419949U (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-08-03 格林维尔(厦门)环保科技有限公司 Overlap circulation mud soil pick -up processing apparatus

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004122029A (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-04-22 Ik Shoji Kk Aeration treatment system for excretion water
CN102674592A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-09-19 王元华 Full-automatic quick processing system for sewage, sludge and feces
CN104959299A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 福建师范大学 Two-stage roller screening device
CN205419949U (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-08-03 格林维尔(厦门)环保科技有限公司 Overlap circulation mud soil pick -up processing apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108947011A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-07 安徽瑞瑶环保科技有限公司 A kind of integrated rural sewage-treatment plant
CN115315302A (en) * 2020-04-17 2022-11-08 三菱重工环境·化学工程株式会社 Sieve device, concentration system, dehydration system, and water treatment system
CN115315302B (en) * 2020-04-17 2024-05-31 三菱重工环境·化学工程株式会社 Screen device, concentration system, dewatering system and water treatment system
CN113323842A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-08-31 四川大学 Vacuum pump device for sewage treatment and underground sewage treatment system

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