CN106739092B - A kind of compression device and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of compression device and its application method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106739092B
CN106739092B CN201710029265.8A CN201710029265A CN106739092B CN 106739092 B CN106739092 B CN 106739092B CN 201710029265 A CN201710029265 A CN 201710029265A CN 106739092 B CN106739092 B CN 106739092B
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China
Prior art keywords
compressed
lag
sleeve
cone
type spiral
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CN201710029265.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106739092A (en
Inventor
王国光
王娜
谢海波
杜丽蓉
翟喜东
李燕
王凯
王一凯
王树标
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Inner Mongolia Kaicheng Nongmu Technology Co Ltd
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Inner Mongolia Kaicheng Nongmu Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710029265.8A priority Critical patent/CN106739092B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3089Extrusion presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • B30B15/302Feeding material in particulate or plastic state to moulding presses
    • B30B15/308Feeding material in particulate or plastic state to moulding presses in a continuous manner, e.g. for roller presses, screw extrusion presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/301Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of compression device and its application method, which includes: feeder, at least one cone-type spiral propeller, at least one U-lag and at least one sleeve;Wherein, feeder is connected with the first end of each U-lag;A cone-type spiral propeller is provided in each U-lag, the diameter of cone-type spiral propeller is less than the depth of U-lag;The second end of each U-lag is connected with the first end of corresponding sleeve;Sleeve is internally provided with the cavity being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area;Feeder, for material to be compressed to be sent into the first end of each U-lag;Each cone-type spiral propeller, for will be from the material transmission to be compressed that the first end of corresponding U-lag enters to the second end of the U-lag, and enter the first end of corresponding sleeve, material to be compressed is discharged from the second end of sleeve, is compressed with treating compressed material.The present invention can increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.

Description

A kind of compression device and its application method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of mechanical technique, in particular to a kind of compression device and its application method.
Background technique
China is agricultural production big country, and during production estimation, there are many byproducts of crops to generate, such as straw Stalk and herbage etc., stalk and herbage etc. can be used as feed, industry light industry textile industry material or recyclable organism oil raw material.
Currently, when the crop by-products such as stalk and herbage are stored and are transported, be usually taken mode in bulk into Row.
Since the crop by-product specific gravity of part in bulk state is smaller, such as stalk and herbage etc., lead to phase homogenous quantities Crop by-product occupy memory space it is larger, be unfavorable for store and transport.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of compression device and its application methods, can increase the ratio of crop by-product Weight.
In a first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of compression devices, comprising: feeder, at least one cone-type spiral Propeller, at least one U-lag and at least one sleeve;Wherein,
The feeder is connected with the first end of each U-lag;
Be provided with the cone-type spiral propeller in each described U-lag, the cone-type spiral propeller it is straight Diameter is less than the depth of the U-lag;
The second end of each U-lag is connected with the first end of the corresponding sleeve;
The sleeve is internally provided with the cavity being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area;
The feeder, for material to be compressed to be sent into the first end of each U-lag;
Each described cone-type spiral propeller, for will from the first end of the corresponding U-lag enter described in Compressed material is sent to the second end of the U-lag, and enters the first end of corresponding sleeve, makes the material to be compressed from sleeve Second end discharge, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.
Preferably,
The cone-type spiral propeller includes: shaft, auger and driving portion;Wherein,
The driving portion is connected with the first end of the shaft, to drive the shaft to be rotated in a first direction;
The shaft is located in the corresponding U-lag, and the driving part is in the first end of the U-lag;
The auger is set in the shaft, can will be entered described in the U-lag under the drive of the shaft Material transferring to be compressed to the sleeve second end.
Preferably,
The driving portion includes: gear;
The centre bore of the gear is connected with the first end of the shaft;
When the number of the cone-type spiral propeller is at least two, the two neighboring cone-type spiral propeller includes Gear intermeshing, any one driving gear in each gear can be connected with external impetus system, move external It rotates under the driving of Force system.
Preferably,
The feeder includes: feed hopper, conveying auger and motor;Wherein,
The feed hopper is connected with the conveying auger, and the conveying auger is connected with the motor;
The conveying auger is connected with the first end of each U-lag;
The feed hopper, for receiving and storing the material to be compressed;
The conveying auger, under the driving of the motor, by the material to be compressed in the feed hopper It is delivered to corresponding each U-lag.
Preferably,
The feeder further comprises: frequency converter;Wherein,
The frequency converter is connected with the motor;
The frequency converter, for receiving externally input adjustment signal, and according to the adjustment signal to the motor Revolving speed is adjusted, and is adjusted with the slewing rate to the conveying auger.
Preferably,
Further comprise: cutter device;
The cutter device, for the compressed material to be compressed being discharged from the second end of each sleeve It is cut.
Preferably,
The cutter device includes: at least one cutting part;Wherein,
At least one described cutting part and at least one described sleeve correspond;
Each described cutting part is set to the second end of the corresponding sleeve;
Each described cutting part, for being rotated with the speed of setting, to cut the second of the corresponding sleeve Hold the compressed material to be compressed of discharge.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of compressions provided using first aspect present invention any embodiment The method that equipment compresses material, comprising:
Material to be compressed is received by feeder;
The material to be compressed is sent into each U-lag by the first end of each U-lag using the feeder;
It will be entered from the first end of the U-lag using the cone-type spiral propeller in each U-lag described to be compressed Material transmission to corresponding sleeve second end, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.
Preferably,
When the feeder includes feed hopper, conveying auger, frequency converter and motor,
It is described that material to be compressed is received by feeder, comprising:
The material to be compressed is received by the feed hopper;
It is described that the material to be compressed is sent into each U-shaped by the first end of each U-lag using the feeder In slot, comprising:
Externally input adjustment signal is received by the frequency converter, and according to the adjustment signal to the motor Revolving speed is adjusted, and is adjusted with the slewing rate to the conveying auger;
By the rotation of the conveying auger, the material to be compressed is sent into the first end of each U-lag.
Preferably,
When the compression device includes cutter device,
Described in entering from the first end of the U-lag in the cone-type spiral propeller using in each U-lag After material transmission to be compressed to the second end of corresponding sleeve, further comprise:
Using the cutter device to the compressed material to be compressed being discharged from the second end of each sleeve It is cut.
The embodiment of the invention provides a kind of compression device and its application methods, by being arranged in the inside of sleeve from first The cavity being gradually reduced to second end cross-sectional area is held, and a corresponding cone-type spiral is set in the cavity of each sleeve Propeller makes the first end of each sleeve be connected with U-lag, so that feeder is by material to be compressed (such as stalk and herbage agriculture Plant byproduct) it is respectively fed in each U-lag, using the cone-type spiral propeller being set in each U-lag, by U-shaped Material transmission to be compressed in slot and is discharged to the first end of corresponding sleeve from the second end of the sleeve, with to described wait press Contracting material is compressed.Since compression process reduces the gap between material to be compressed, and the structure of material to be compressed is changed, For example, the bar portion of stalk cylindrical shape is compressed into it is flat, so that the storage that the material to be compressed for reducing phase homogenous quantities occupies is empty Between, that is, increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is the present invention Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also basis These attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of compression device provided by one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for compression device that another embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of cone-type spiral propeller provided by one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of compression device including conveying auger provided by one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for compression device including conveying auger that another embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for compression device including conveying auger that another embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of compression device including frequency converter provided by one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for compression device including cutting part that another embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 9 is a kind of flow chart of the application method of compression device provided by one embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is a kind of flow chart of the application method for compression device that another embodiment of the present invention provides.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments, based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art Every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the compression device may include: feeder the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of compression device 101, at least one cone-type spiral propeller 102, at least one sleeve 103 and at least one U-lag 104;Wherein,
The feeder 101 is connected with the first end of each U-lag 104;
The cone-type spiral propeller 102 is provided in each described U-lag 104, the cone-type spiral promotes The diameter of device 102 is less than the depth of the U-lag 104;
Each described U-lag 104 is connected with the first end of the corresponding sleeve 103;
The sleeve 103 is internally provided with the cavity being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area;
The feeder 101, for material to be compressed to be sent into the first end of each U-lag 104;
Each described cone-type spiral propeller 102, for will enter from the first end of the corresponding U-lag 104 The material transmission to be compressed and enters the first end of corresponding sleeve 103, makes described wait press to the second end of the U-lag 104 Contracting material is discharged from the second end of sleeve 103, to compress to the material to be compressed.
In above-described embodiment, by the way that the sky being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area is arranged in the inside of sleeve Chamber, and a corresponding cone-type spiral propeller is set in the cavity of each sleeve, make the first end and U-shaped of each sleeve Slot is connected, so that material to be compressed (such as stalk and herbage crop by-product) is respectively fed in each U-lag by feeder, Using the cone-type spiral propeller being set in each U-lag, by the material transmission to be compressed in U-lag to corresponding sleeve First end, and from the second end of the sleeve be discharged, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.Due to compression process reduce to Gap between compressed material, and the structure of material to be compressed is changed, for example, the bar portion of stalk cylindrical shape is compressed into flat Shape, so that the memory space that the material to be compressed for reducing phase homogenous quantities occupies, that is, increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.
Specifically, as shown in Fig. 2, in one embodiment of the invention, the cone-type spiral propeller 102 may include: to turn Axis 201, auger 202 and driving portion 203;Wherein,
The driving portion 203 is connected with the first end of the shaft 201, to drive the shaft 201 to turn along first direction It is dynamic;
The shaft 201 is located in the corresponding U-lag 104, and the driving portion 203 is located at the U-lag 103 First end;
The auger 202 is set in the shaft 201, and the U-shaped can will be entered under the drive of the shaft 201 The material transferring to be compressed of slot to the sleeve 103 second end.
It include shaft, auger and driving portion, the knot of cone-type spiral propeller in cone-type spiral propeller in above-described embodiment Structure schematic diagram is as shown in Figure 3, wherein and driving portion is connected with the first end of shaft, and driving part is in the first end of U-lag, with Drive shaft is rotated in a first direction, and shaft is located in corresponding U-lag, and auger is provided in shaft, and auger can be in shaft Drive under by the second end of the material transferring to be compressed in cavity to sleeve, to make material to be compressed in shaft rotation process In, by auger extruding and compressed.
Further, the width for the auger being arranged in shaft can be gradually reduced from the first end of sleeve to second end, from And the depth for the feed well for accommodating material to be compressed for forming shaft and auger from the first end of sleeve to second end gradually Reduce, and then during making cone-type spiral propeller that material to be compressed is sent to second end from the first end of sleeve, by Pressure be gradually increased, to be more conducive to increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.
For the ease of processing and reducing energy consumption, in one embodiment of the invention, the driving portion includes: gear;The tooth The centre bore of wheel is connected with the first end of the shaft;
When the number of the cone-type spiral propeller is at least two, the tooth of the two neighboring cone-type spiral propeller Wheel is intermeshed, any one driving gear in each gear can be connected with external impetus system, in external dynamical system It rotates under the driving of system.
It is two neighboring using gear as driving portion, and when there are multiple cone-type spiral propellers in above-described embodiment The gear of cone-type spiral propeller is intermeshed, so that any one gear can be used as driving gear in each gear, with outside Dynamical system is connected, and rotates under the driving of external dynamical system, so that other transmission gears be driven also to rotate with it. Any one gear in each gear need to be connected by this with external impetus, for example, being connected with external motor, can be realized each The rotation of gear, without each driving portion is connected with external impetus system, consequently facilitating the processing of compression device, simultaneously Energy saving.
In addition, when driving gear band nutating gear is rotated, the rotation direction of two neighboring gear on the contrary, in order to Guarantee that auger can need to guarantee adjacent under the drive of shaft by into the material transferring to be compressed of cavity to the second end of sleeve In cone-type spiral propeller, winding direction of the auger in shaft is on the contrary, i.e. winding direction of the auger in shaft needs and shaft Rotation direction correspond to each other, to guarantee that material to be compressed is transferred to the second end of sleeve under the extruding of auger.
In order to make compression device, stress is more balanced at runtime, the number of settable cone-type spiral propeller and corresponding sleeve Amount is odd number, for example, setting 5 cone-type spiral propellers and corresponding sleeve, and by each cone-type spiral propeller and right The sleeve answered is arranged in parallel, and the spacing of two neighboring sleeve is equal, will be arranged in the gear on intermediate cone-type spiral propeller As driving gear, for example, being connected using the 3rd gear as driving gear with external motor, so that its drive in external motor It is rotated under dynamic, and the transmission gear on both sides is driven to be driven.Since intermediate gear is as driving gear, can make each When gear rotates, uniform force, to ensure balance when compression device operation.
Further, each cone-type spiral propeller and corresponding sleeve can be set in a cabinet, to ensure pressure Safety when contracting equipment is run, for example, when compression device is provided with 5 sets of cone-type spiral propellers and corresponding sleeve, it can It is positioned in 1000mm × 900mm × 250mm cabinet.
In order to make sleeve have good wearability, in one embodiment of the invention, be provided on the inner wall of the sleeve Wearing layer;Wherein, the material of the wearing layer includes potassium steel.
Some crops byproduct also has certain hardness, such as stalk, therefore when being compressed in the cavity of sleeve, Sleeve lining can be scraped, so that the inner wall of sleeve is caused centainly to damage, in order to minimize in compression process, material to be compressed It damages, the service life of lengthening sleeve, is provided in the inner wall of sleeve resistance to made of potassium steel caused by the inner wall of sleeve It grinds layer and reduces the frictional force between material and sleeve lining to be compressed, in turn to increase the hardness and slickness of sleeve lining Improve the wearability of sleeve.
As shown in figure 4, the feeder 101 includes: feed hopper 401, conveying auger 402 in one embodiment of the invention With motor 403;Wherein,
The feed hopper 401 is connected with the conveying auger 402, the conveying auger 402 and 403 phase of motor Even;
The conveying auger 402 is connected with the first end of each U-lag;
The feed hopper 401, for receiving and storing the material to be compressed;
The conveying auger 402, under the driving of the motor 403, by described in the feed hopper 401 to Compressed material is delivered to corresponding each U-lag 104.
In above-described embodiment, feeder may include feed hopper, conveying auger and motor, feed hopper and conveying auger phase Even, the material to be compressed for entering feed hopper can be delivered in each U-lag by conveying auger under the driving of motor.
When entering conveying auger from feed hopper due to material to be compressed, fast speed, power potential energy is larger, is easy to do kinetic energy Biggish random motion, and since the specific gravity of untreated material to be compressed is smaller, it be easy to cause materials from spattering to be compressed to dissipate Around falling on, to cause material waste, and the material to be compressed sputtered may cause equipment fault.Cone-type spiral is pushed away Be set in U-lag into device, specific structural schematic diagram as shown in Figure 5 (motor is not shown), top view as shown in fig. 6, this So that material to be compressed is sent into each U-lag by feeder, then will be to be compressed by the cone-type spiral propeller in each U-lag Material is sent into the cavity of corresponding sleeve.To make material to be compressed that can only be promoted in U-lag by corresponding cone-type spiral Device toward sleeve direction convey, avoid material to be compressed and move back and forth between U-lag, and without normal direction sleeve direction before Into avoiding material to be compressed and intertrack crosstalk occur between each U-lag, and then can not be compressed, ensured material to be compressed Compression ratio.Simultaneously as U-lag has good buffer function, so as to effectively prevent the object to be compressed into feeder Splashes are expected, the phenomenon that causing material waste or cause equipment fault.
In order to adjust the compression ratio of material to be compressed, as shown in fig. 7, in one embodiment of the invention, the feeder into One step includes: frequency converter 701;Wherein, the frequency converter 701 is connected with the motor 403;
The frequency converter 701, for receiving externally input adjustment signal, and according to the adjustment signal to described electronic 403 revolving speed of machine is adjusted, and is adjusted with the slewing rate to the conveying auger 402.
In above-described embodiment, feeder further comprises frequency converter, and frequency converter can be electric by adjusting the output of motor Pressure, adjusts the rotational frequency of conveying auger, to adjust the quantity of the material to be compressed into each sleeve, and then adjusting pair The compression ratio that material to be compressed is adjusted adjust user can accordingly according to actual needs, improve the autonomous of user Property.
In one embodiment of the invention, which further comprises: cutter device;
The cutter device, for compressed described to be compressed to being discharged from the second end of each sleeve 103 Material is cut.
In above-described embodiment, it is additionally provided with cutter device in compression device, cutter device can be to from each sleeve second end The compressed material to be compressed of discharge is cut, so that compressed material be made to be in granular form, is more convenient storage and transport.
Specifically, as shown in figure 8, in one embodiment of the invention, the cutter device includes: at least one cutting part 801;Wherein, at least one described cutting part 801 and at least one described sleeve 103 correspond;
Each cutting part 801 is set to the second end of the corresponding sleeve 103;
Each described cutting part 801, for being rotated with the speed of setting, to cut from the corresponding sleeve The compressed material to be compressed of 103 second end discharge.
In above-described embodiment, cutter device includes multiple cutting parts, and each cutting part is corresponded with each sleeve respectively, Each cutting part setting with the second end of corresponding sleeve, that is, the exit of corresponding sleeve, and each cutting are set Portion can be rotated with the speed of setting, to cut to the compressed material being discharged from the second end of sleeve.For example, The second end of sleeve is provided with the blade for cutting, blade can be rotated with the revolving speed of setting, will be arranged from sleeve Compressed material out is cut into graininess, also, the granular size of cutting can be adjusted by adjusting the speed of blade rotation, For example, compressed material to be cut into the particle of 10mm or so under certain speed.
As shown in figure 9, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of compression devices provided using any of the above-described embodiment to object The method for expecting to be compressed, this method may comprise steps of:
Step 901, material to be compressed is received by feeder;
Step 902, the material to be compressed is sent by the first end of each sleeve using the feeder each described In the cavity of sleeve;
It step 903, will be from the first end of the sleeve using the cone-type spiral propeller in the cavity of sleeve described in each Enter the material transmission to be compressed to the sleeve second end, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.
In above-described embodiment, by the way that the sky being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area is arranged in the inside of sleeve Chamber, and a corresponding cone-type spiral propeller is set in the cavity of each sleeve, make the first end and U-shaped of each sleeve Slot is connected, so that material to be compressed (such as stalk and herbage crop by-product) is respectively fed in each U-lag by feeder, Using the cone-type spiral propeller being set in each U-lag, by the material transmission to be compressed in U-lag to corresponding sleeve First end, and from the second end of the sleeve be discharged, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.Due to compression process reduce to Gap between compressed material, and the structure of material to be compressed is changed, for example, the bar portion of stalk cylindrical shape is compressed into flat Shape, so that the memory space that the material to be compressed for reducing phase homogenous quantities occupies, that is, increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.
In one embodiment of the invention, when the feeder includes feed hopper, conveying auger, frequency converter and motor,
The specific embodiment of step 901 may include:
The material to be compressed is received by the feed hopper;
The specific embodiment of step 902 may include:
Externally input adjustment signal is received by the frequency converter, and according to the adjustment signal to the motor Revolving speed is adjusted, and is adjusted with the slewing rate to the conveying auger;
By the rotation of the conveying auger, the material to be compressed is sent into the first end of each U-lag.
In above-described embodiment, when feeder includes feed hopper, conveying auger, frequency converter and motor, feed hopper with it is defeated Auger is sent to be connected, the material to be compressed for entering feed hopper can be delivered to each U-lag under the driving of motor by conveying auger In, frequency converter can adjust the rotational frequency of conveying auger by the output voltage of adjusting motor, to adjust into each set The quantity of material to be compressed in cylinder, and then adjust and treat the compression ratio that compressed material is adjusted, make user can be according to reality Demand is adjusted accordingly, improves the independence of user.
In one embodiment of the invention, when the compression device includes cutter device,
After step 903, it may further include:
Using the cutter device to the compressed material to be compressed being discharged from the second end of each sleeve It is cut.
In above-described embodiment, when being additionally provided with cutter device in compression device, cutter device can be to from each sleeve The compressed material to be compressed of two ends discharge is cut, so that compressed material be made to be in granular form, be more convenient storage and Transport.
Below for being compressed to stalk, material is pressed to using compression device provided in an embodiment of the present invention The method of contracting is described in detail, and as shown in Figure 10, this method may comprise steps of:
Step 1001, stalk to be compressed is received and stored by the feed hopper of feeder.
Specifically, in order to preferably compress to stalk, powder can be carried out to it before stalk to be compressed enters feed hopper It is broken, and adhesive appropriate is added, so that compressed stalk formability is more preferable, it is more advantageous to storage and transport.
Step 1002, stalk to be compressed is delivered in each U-lag using conveying auger.
Conveying auger has good buffer function, can effectively prevent stalk splashes to be compressed, cause material waste Or the phenomenon that causing equipment fault.
Step 1003, by the way that the gear of the first end of shaft is arranged in, the shaft being arranged in U-lag is driven to be turned It is dynamic.
Step 1004, the auger that is arranged in the shaft is driven using the rotation of each shaft, by stalk to be compressed from biography The second end of sleeve is transported to, to compress to stalk to be compressed.
In step 1003 and step 1004, shaft is rotated under the driving of gear, so that auger is driven, by U-lag Interior stalk to be compressed is transmitted to the second end of sleeve, makes stalk to be compressed in shaft rotation process, the extruding by auger And it is compressed.
Step 1005, by the way that the cutter device of the second end of each sleeve is arranged in, to what is be discharged from the second end of sleeve Compressed stalk is cut.
The compressed stalk being discharged from each sleeve second end is cut using cutter device, thus after making compression Stalk be in granular form, be more convenient storage and transport.
In above-described embodiment, by the way that the sky being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area is arranged in the inside of sleeve Chamber, and a corresponding cone-type spiral propeller is set in the cavity of each sleeve, make the first end and U-shaped of each sleeve Slot is connected, so that material to be compressed (such as stalk and herbage crop by-product) is respectively fed in each U-lag by feeder, Using the cone-type spiral propeller being set in each U-lag, by the material transmission to be compressed in U-lag to corresponding sleeve First end, and from the second end of the sleeve be discharged, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.Due to compression process reduce to Gap between compressed material, and the structure of material to be compressed is changed, for example, the bar portion of stalk cylindrical shape is compressed into flat Shape, so that the memory space that the material to be compressed for reducing phase homogenous quantities occupies, that is, increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.
In conclusion each embodiment of the present invention at least has the advantages that
1, it in the embodiment of the present invention, is gradually reduced by being arranged in the inside of sleeve from first end to second end cross-sectional area Cavity, and in the cavity of each sleeve be arranged a corresponding cone-type spiral propeller, make the first end of each sleeve It is connected with U-lag, so that material to be compressed (such as stalk and herbage crop by-product) is respectively fed to each U-shaped by feeder In slot, using the cone-type spiral propeller being set in each U-lag, by the material transmission to be compressed in U-lag to correspondence Sleeve first end, and from the second end of the sleeve be discharged, to be compressed to the material to be compressed.Due to compression process Reduce the gap between material to be compressed, and change the structure of material to be compressed, for example, the bar portion of stalk cylindrical shape is compressed At flat, so that the memory space that the material to be compressed for reducing phase homogenous quantities occupies, that is, increase the specific gravity of material to be compressed.
2, in the embodiment of the present invention, using gear as the driving portion of cone-type spiral propeller, and when there are multiple tapers When spiral propeller, the gear of two neighboring cone-type spiral propeller is intermeshed, so that any one gear in each gear It can be used as driving gear, be connected with external impetus system, and rotate under the driving of external dynamical system, to drive it He also rotates with it transmission gear.Any one gear in each gear need to be connected by this with external impetus, can be realized each The rotation of a gear, without each driving portion is connected with external impetus system, consequently facilitating the processing of compression device, together When energy saving.
3, in the embodiment of the present invention, the inner wall of sleeve is provided with the wearing layer made of potassium steel, to increase sleeve The hardness and slickness of inner wall reduce the frictional force between material and sleeve lining to be compressed, and then improve the wearability of sleeve.
It 4, include feed hopper, conveying auger and motor in feeder, conveying auger can be electronic in the embodiment of the present invention Under the driving of machine, the material to be compressed in feed hopper is sent into the cavity of each sleeve, since conveying auger has good delay Punching effect, so as to effectively prevent material splashes to be compressed, the phenomenon that causing material waste or cause equipment fault.
5, in the embodiment of the present invention, in feeder include frequency converter, frequency converter can by adjust motor output voltage, The rotational frequency of conveying auger is adjusted, to adjust the quantity of the material to be compressed into each sleeve, and then adjusts and treats The compression ratio that compressed material is adjusted adjust user can accordingly according to actual needs, improve the independence of user.
6, in the embodiment of the present invention, each cone-type spiral propeller is set in corresponding U-lag, and cone-type spiral The diameter of propeller is less than the depth of U-lag, each U-lag is connected with the first end of corresponding sleeve, this makes feeder Material to be compressed is sent into each U-lag, then is sent into material to be compressed pair by the cone-type spiral propeller in each U-lag In the cavity for the sleeve answered.It moves back and forth, and then can not be compressed between U-lag so as to avoid material to be compressed, The compression ratio of material to be compressed is ensured.
7, in the embodiment of the present invention, cutter device is additionally provided in compression device, for arranging from each sleeve second end Compressed material to be compressed out is cut, so that compressed material be made to be in granular form, is more convenient storage and transport.
8, in the embodiment of the present invention, cutter device includes multiple cutting parts, each cutting part respectively with each sleeve one by one It is corresponding, the setting of each cutting part and the second end of corresponding sleeve, and each cutting part can be carried out with the speed of setting Rotation, to be cut to the compressed material being discharged from the second end of sleeve, in addition, can also be by adjusting blade rotation Speed adjusts the granular size of cutting, the storage and transport of material after more conducively compressing.
9, in the embodiment of the present invention, each sleeve is fixedly mounted in cabinet in parallel, when having ensured compression device operation Safety.
It should be noted that, in this document, such as first and second etc relational terms are used merely to an entity Or operation is distinguished with another entity or operation, is existed without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation Any actual relationship or order.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant be intended to it is non- It is exclusive to include, so that the process, method, article or equipment for including a series of elements not only includes those elements, It but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include solid by this process, method, article or equipment Some elements.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence " including one ", is not arranged Except there is also other identical factors in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: realize that all or part of the steps of above method embodiment can pass through The relevant hardware of program instruction is completed, and program above-mentioned can store in computer-readable storage medium, the program When being executed, step including the steps of the foregoing method embodiments is executed;And storage medium above-mentioned includes: ROM, RAM, magnetic disk or light In the various media that can store program code such as disk.
Finally, it should be noted that the foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is merely to illustrate skill of the invention Art scheme, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.Any modification for being made all within the spirits and principles of the present invention, Equivalent replacement, improvement etc., are included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of compression device characterized by comprising feeder, at least one cone-type spiral propeller, at least one U-shaped Slot and at least one sleeve;Wherein,
The feeder is connected with the first end of each U-lag;
The cone-type spiral propeller is provided in each described U-lag, the diameter of the cone-type spiral propeller is small In the depth of the U-lag;
The second end of each U-lag is connected with the first end of the corresponding sleeve;
Each sleeve is internally provided with the cavity being gradually reduced from first end to second end cross-sectional area;Each institute It states U-lag to be connected to corresponding sleeve, the cone-type spiral propeller in the U-lag is located in the cavity of the sleeve;
The feeder, for material to be compressed to be sent into the first end of each U-lag;
Each described cone-type spiral propeller, it is described to be compressed for will enter from the first end of the corresponding U-lag Material transmission and enters the first end of corresponding sleeve, makes the material to be compressed the from sleeve to the second end of the U-lag Two ends discharge, to be compressed to the material to be compressed;Wherein, wearing layer is provided on the inner wall of the sleeve, it is described resistance to The material for grinding layer includes potassium steel;
The cone-type spiral propeller includes: shaft, auger and driving portion;Wherein,
The driving portion is connected with the first end of the shaft, to drive the shaft to be rotated in a first direction;
The shaft is located in the corresponding U-lag, and the driving part is in the first end of the U-lag;
The auger is set in the shaft, can will be entered described in the U-lag wait press under the drive of the shaft Contracting material transferring to the sleeve first end;
The driving portion includes: gear;
The centre bore of the gear is connected with the first end of the shaft;
When the number of the cone-type spiral propeller is at least two and is odd number, each cone-type spiral propeller is arranged side by side Cloth, the gear intermeshing that the two neighboring cone-type spiral propeller includes, is located in the middle on cone-type spiral propeller Gear is connected with external impetus system, rotates under the driving of external dynamical system.
2. compression device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The feeder includes: feed hopper, conveying auger and motor;Wherein,
The feed hopper is connected with the conveying auger, and the conveying auger is connected with the motor;
The conveying auger is connected with the first end of each U-lag;
The feed hopper, for receiving and storing the material to be compressed;
The conveying auger, under the driving of the motor, the material to be compressed in the feed hopper to be conveyed To corresponding each U-lag.
3. compression device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that
The feeder further comprises: frequency converter;Wherein,
The frequency converter is connected with the motor;
The frequency converter, for receiving externally input adjustment signal, and according to the adjustment signal to the motor speed It is adjusted, is adjusted with the slewing rate to the conveying auger.
4. compression device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, which is characterized in that
Further comprise: cutter device;
The cutter device, for being carried out to the compressed material to be compressed being discharged from the second end of each sleeve Cutting.
5. compression device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that
The cutter device includes: at least one cutting part;Wherein,
At least one described cutting part and at least one described sleeve correspond;
Each described cutting part is set to the second end of the corresponding sleeve;
Each described cutting part, for being rotated with the speed of setting, to cut the second end row of the corresponding sleeve The compressed material to be compressed out.
6. a kind of method compressed using the compression device any in claim 1 to 5 to material, feature are existed In, comprising:
Material to be compressed is received by feeder;
The material to be compressed is sent into each U-lag by the first end of each U-lag using the feeder;
The material to be compressed that will be entered from the first end of the U-lag using the cone-type spiral propeller in each U-lag It is sent to the second end of corresponding sleeve, to compress to the material to be compressed.
7. compression method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that
When the feeder includes feed hopper, conveying auger, frequency converter and motor,
It is described that material to be compressed is received by feeder, comprising:
The material to be compressed is received by the feed hopper;
It is described to be sent into the material to be compressed in each U-lag by the first end of each U-lag using the feeder, Include:
Externally input adjustment signal is received by the frequency converter, and according to the adjustment signal to the revolving speed of the motor It is adjusted, is adjusted with the slewing rate to the conveying auger;
By the rotation of the conveying auger, the material to be compressed is sent into the first end of each U-lag.
8. compression method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that
When the compression device includes cutter device,
Wait press described in entering from the first end of the U-lag in the cone-type spiral propeller using in each U-lag After contracting material transmission to the second end of corresponding sleeve, further comprise:
The compressed material to be compressed being discharged from the second end of each sleeve is carried out using the cutter device Cutting.
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