CN106643660A - Tower inclination detection device and method - Google Patents

Tower inclination detection device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106643660A
CN106643660A CN201611108951.6A CN201611108951A CN106643660A CN 106643660 A CN106643660 A CN 106643660A CN 201611108951 A CN201611108951 A CN 201611108951A CN 106643660 A CN106643660 A CN 106643660A
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China
Prior art keywords
detection
medium
interface
column cylinder
pylon
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Granted
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CN201611108951.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106643660B (en
Inventor
韩世辉
崔艳东
胡国佳
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Beijing Goldwind Science and Creation Windpower Equipment Co Ltd
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Beijing Goldwind Science and Creation Windpower Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611108951.6A priority Critical patent/CN106643660B/en
Publication of CN106643660A publication Critical patent/CN106643660A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C9/00Measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers, by levels
    • G01C9/18Measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers, by levels by using liquids
    • G01C9/20Measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers, by levels by using liquids the indication being based on the inclination of the surface of a liquid relative to its container
    • G01C9/22Measuring inclination, e.g. by clinometers, by levels by using liquids the indication being based on the inclination of the surface of a liquid relative to its container with interconnected containers in fixed relation to each other

Abstract

The invention discloses a tower inclination detection device and method. Limits or restrictions of an external environment can be broken to accurately detect the inclination of a tower. The tower inclination detection device comprises an annular communicating vessel, two or more detection media and a medium interface detection unit, wherein the annular communicating vessel comprises an annular pipeline and three or more columnar tubes arranged on the annular pipeline and communicated with the annular pipeline and the outside; the detection media are accommodated in the annular communicating vessel, and interfaces between the upper-layer detection media and the lower-layer detection media are positioned in the columnar tubes; the lower-layer detection media have densities higher than those of the upper-layer detection media, and are insoluble with the upper-layer detection media; the medium interface detection unit is used for detecting the heights of the interfaces between the upper-layer detection media and the lower-layer detection media in the three or more columnar tubes.

Description

Tower post tilting degree detection means and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to pylon detection technique field, more particularly to a kind of tower post tilting degree detection means and method.
Background technology
In existing engineering, the event of falling tower of engineering pylon occasionally has generation, particularly in wind power industry, can give wind-force Power generating industry causes huge loss.
Traditional employing theodolite carries out wind-power generating unit tower gradient detection scheme, long with detection cycle, real When property difference shortcoming, and when a problem occurs can not and alarm shortcoming.
Also universal height relies on Jing for the wind-power generating unit tower gradient detection means of existing other forms or method Completing detection, measurement process easily limited or restricted (sleety weather of such as blowing), basic nothing to latitude instrument by external environment Method realizes detection in real time, it is impossible to meet the demand of wind power tower real-time detection, cannot equally optimize cost and improve measurement essence Degree.
The content of the invention
A kind of tower post tilting degree detection means and method are embodiments provided, the restriction of external environment can be overcome Or restriction carries out accurate detection to tower post tilting degree.
In a first aspect, a kind of tower post tilting degree detection means is embodiments provided, including:Annular linker and two Kind or two or more detection media, the annular linker include annulus line and be arranged on annulus line and with annulus line, Three or more column cylinders that the external world is connected;Above two or two or more detection media are accommodated in annular linker It is interior, and the interface between upper strata detection medium and lower floor's detection medium is in column cylinder, wherein, the close of medium detects in lower floor Degree is more than upper strata and detects the density of medium and detect that medium is immiscible with upper strata;Medium interface detector unit, medium interface inspection Surveying unit is used to detect that height of the interface between medium in three or more column cylinders detects in upper strata detection medium and lower floor Degree.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the annular linker also includes means of complementary annular pipeline, and column cylinder is passed through Means of complementary annular pipeline is connected with the external world.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, more than above two detects that at least two detection media in medium are Density is different and is all higher than the liquid detecting medium of ambient air density, and the upper strata detection in liquid monitoring medium is situated between Interface between matter and lower floor's detection medium is located in the column cylinder between annulus line and means of complementary annular pipeline.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, above-mentioned medium interface detector unit includes ultrasonic sensor, resistance One or more in type sensor, capacitance type transducers and laser type sensors.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the device can also include fixed part, one end of the fixed part and ring Shape linker is connected, and the other end of fixed part is fixed on pylon.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the fixed part also includes regulating part, and the regulating part is arranged on fixed part Be used to enabling between annular linker annular linker away from or the side of close fixed part be adjusted up position, to adjust The level of annular linker.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the device also includes interface maintaining part, the lower end of the interface maintaining part It is connected with means of complementary annular pipeline, upper end is the opening with air communication.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the device can also include computing device, computing device and medium circle Face detector unit is connected, by receiving the height in three or more column cylinders that medium interface detector unit is measured in terms of Calculation obtains the gradient of pylon.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the computing device is additionally operable to pre-configured orientation and medium according to column cylinder The height in three or more column cylinders that Interface detection unit is measured is being calculated the incline direction of pylon.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the column cylinder is equidistantly arranged on annulus line.
Second aspect, embodiments provides a kind of tower post tilting degree detection method, including:By above-mentioned tower post tilting Degree detection means is arranged on the step in the tower wall of pylon;The upper strata detection medium adjusted in each column cylinder is detected with lower floor Interface between medium so that height of the interface in each column cylinder is consistent, upper strata when record pylon has not occurred inclination The step of detecting the first height of the interface between medium and lower floor's detection medium in each column cylinder;Examine on real-time monitoring upper strata Second height at the interface surveyed between medium and lower floor's detection medium, obtains the second height for the height change value of the first height The step of;The height change value at three in each column cylinder or the interface in the column cylinder of more than three calculates pylon The step of gradient.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the method can also include arranging the orientation of each column cylinder;According to Three in each column cylinder or height change value and the side of at least one column cylinder at the interface in the column cylinder of more than three The incline direction of position calculating pylon.
One side according to embodiments of the present invention, the method can also include calculating gradient using computing device or incline Tilted direction.
The tower post tilting degree detection means for providing according to embodiments of the present invention and method, by by containing the ring for detecting medium Shape linker is arranged on pylon, to so as to pass through to detect the height change that interface between medium is detected in linker, to calculate Obtain the gradient of pylon, the method is easily operated, simple structure, and measurement result be not easily susceptible to external environment restriction or Restriction (sleety weather of such as blowing);And detection in real time can be realized, and meet the demand of wind power tower real-time detection, have The high advantage of low cost and certainty of measurement.
Description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, below will be to make needed for the embodiment of the present invention Accompanying drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings described below is only some embodiments of the present invention, for For those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be obtaining other according to these accompanying drawings Accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the stereochemical structure letter of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of one embodiment of the invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is the side view of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the top view of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the method flow diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection method of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection method of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection method of one embodiment of the invention
Fig. 8 is the example arrangement sketch of the tower post tilting degree detection means of further embodiment of this invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that the computing device of the tower post tilting degree detection means of further embodiment of this invention is realized.
In figure:
101st, annulus line, 102, column cylinder, 103, means of complementary annular pipeline,
104th, interface maintaining part, 105, fixed part, 106, regulating part,
107th, adpting flange, 108, tower wall.
Specific embodiment
To make purpose, technical scheme and the advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is The a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than the embodiment of whole.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
The feature and exemplary embodiment of various aspects of the invention is described more fully below.In following detailed description In, it is proposed that many details, to provide complete understanding of the present invention.But, to those skilled in the art It will be apparent that the present invention can be implemented in the case of some details in not needing these details.Below to implementing The description of example is just for the sake of by illustrating that the example of the present invention is better understood to provide to the present invention.The present invention is never limited In any concrete configuration and algorithm set forth below, but cover under the premise of without departing from the spirit of the present invention element, Any modification, replacement and the improvement of part and algorithm.In the the accompanying drawings and the following description, known structure and skill is not shown Art, to avoid that unnecessary obscuring is caused to the present invention.
It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the application can phase Mutually combination.Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments describing the application in detail.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of one embodiment of the invention;Fig. 2 It is the side view of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of one embodiment of the invention;Fig. 3 is that the present invention one is real Apply the front view of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon of example;Fig. 4 is being arranged on for one embodiment of the invention The top view of the tower post tilting degree detection means inside pylon;As shown in Figures 1 to 4, wherein, after identical element structure adopt Identical label, the wind-power generating unit tower gradient detection means, including:Annular linker, two kinds detection media and Medium interface detector unit (not shown), the annular linker includes annulus line 101 and is arranged on annulus line 101 And three column cylinders 102 being connected with annulus line 101, the external world;In the present embodiment, above three column cylinder 102 is equidistant Be arranged on annular linker.It should be understood that above-mentioned column cylinder 102 it can also be provided that more, but in actual tilt During the detection of degree, it is only necessary to which wherein three column cylinders 102 can pass through to calculate to obtain the pylon as the measured value of measurement point Gradient.And it should be noted that the selection of measurement point i.e. the setting of above-mentioned column cylinder 102, need with spacing distance It is advisable greatly as far as possible, if can impact to the precision of measurement result because measurement point is spaced closely together.So the post in the present embodiment Shape cylinder 102 is provided with three, and is equidistantly arranged on annulus line 101, and above-mentioned detection medium is accommodated in annular even In logical device, and upper strata detection medium detects that the interface of medium is located in column cylinder 102 with lower floor, not shown in figure, wherein, under The density of layer detection medium is more than upper strata and detects the density of medium and detect that medium is immiscible with upper strata.The medium interface detection Unit is used to detect that height of the interface between medium in three or more column cylinders 102 detects in upper strata detection medium and lower floor Degree, can be configured here according to the number of above-mentioned column cylinder 102, for example, can arrange three.In one example, Jie Matter Interface detection unit can be ultrasonic sensor, and ultrasonic sensor is that ultrasonic signal is converted into into other energy signals The sensor of (typically electric signal).Ultrasonic wave is mechanical wave of the vibration frequency higher than 20KHz.It has that frequency is high, wavelength is short, Diffraction phenomenon is little, particularly good directionality, ray can be become and the features such as direction propagation.Ultrasonic wave is worn to liquid, solid Thoroughly ability is very big, especially in the opaque solid of sunlight.Ultrasonic wave encounters impurity or interface can produce notable reflection Into echo is reflected into, encountering mobiles can produce Doppler effect.For example ultrasonic sensor is arranged on into tower wall 108 Inner side and the corresponding position of above-mentioned column cylinder 102, it is also possible to be arranged on top or the bottom position of column cylinder 102;If the post Shape cylinder 102 is arranged on the other positions of pylon, for example the outside of tower wall 108, then the ultrasonic sensor can also with it is above-mentioned Annular linker or the outside of tower wall 108 are connected and are arranged on the correspondence position of above-mentioned column cylinder 102 or are similarly disposed at post The top of shape cylinder 102 or bottom position.It should be noted that the linear transducer for taking other form is also possible, as long as Can realize detecting the purpose of the interfacial level change between detection medium, for example, measurement column can be carried out using resistance type sensor Interfacial level in shape cylinder 102 between two kinds of detection media, detecting the change of dielectric resistance value can reflect the change of interfacial level Change situation detects two kinds of interfacial levels detected between media in column cylinder using the mode of laser ranging, it is also possible to use Measuring, the change of capacitance can reflect the change of interfacial level to capacitance type sensor.Again for example, in one example, also Can detection medium between interface in buoy is set, can by inductive displacement transducer, capacitive displacement transducer, The linear sensor such as optical displacement sensor or Hall displacement transducer detects the height of buoy so as to obtain detection medium Between interface height change.The medium interface detector unit of above-mentioned detection interfacial level change can be used alone or in combination, Here is not limited.In this embodiment, when auxiliary communication pipeline 103 is not provided with, can be using ambient air as above-mentioned One of which in two kinds of detection media, another kind detection medium can be big and big with environment using density ratio ambient air density The immiscible detection medium of gas, such as water.There is a need to explanation, be spliced because pylon is commonly multistage, so should Device can carry out gradient detection to any section of pylon.In one example, the device can be applied in wind-driven generator In the degree detection of group tower post tilting, by the way that the annular linker containing detection medium is arranged on pylon, connect so as to pass through detection The height change at interface between medium is detected in logical device, to calculate the gradient for obtaining pylon, the method is easily operated, structure letter It is single, and measurement result is not easily susceptible to the restriction or restriction (sleety weather of such as blowing) of external environment;And can realize reality When detection, meet the demand of wind power tower real-time detection, there is low cost and certainty of measurement be high.
In one example, the annular linker of the device also includes means of complementary annular pipeline 103, and column cylinder 102 passes through auxiliary Help annulus line 103 to be connected with the external world, Fig. 1 to Fig. 4 be illustrated that be provided with means of complementary annular pipeline 103 can embodiment party Formula.It should be understood that the means of complementary annular pipeline 103 may be alternatively provided as multiple, the purpose of the present invention and effect can be equally realized.Should also manage Solution, when the device is provided with one or more means of complementary annular pipelines 103, here in two or more detection media at least two Kind detection medium can be different for density and be all higher than the liquid detecting medium of ambient air density, and aforesaid liquid is examined Interface between the upper strata detection medium surveyed in medium and lower floor's detection medium is located at annulus line 101 and means of complementary annular pipeline In column cylinder 102 between 103.Assume that detection medium is three kinds, wherein it is possible to ambient air is included as detection medium, that Ambient air should be the minimum detection medium of its Midst density, that is to say, that ambient air is located at most going up for all detection media Layer, then the interface of other two kinds detection media should be located at the column cylinder between annulus line 101 and means of complementary annular pipeline 103 In 102, at this moment can be divided into two kinds of situations, in a kind of situation, under ambient air is as upper strata detection medium and corresponding thereto Among the means of complementary annular pipeline 103, now, ambient air is used as the third detection medium for interface between layer detection medium Detection effect can disregard, it is possible to only the interface location of other two kinds detection media is construed as limiting and both may be used;Another kind of feelings In condition, ambient air is being higher than to be somebody's turn to do as the interface between lower floor's detection medium as upper strata detection medium and corresponding thereto Among the column cylinder 102 of means of complementary annular pipeline 103, now, ambient air is acted on as the third detection medium with detection, can The height change at the interface between medium is detected using the lower floor according to the ambient air as upper strata detection medium and corresponding thereto Calculate the gradient of pylon.In one example, in order to avoid detecting medium because extraneous factor causes excessive, the device may be used also With including be arranged on the top of column cylinder 102 for the closure that is isolated column cylinder 102 with the external world.In one example, Here detection medium two of which can adopt it is for example a kind of for density it is larger be difficult evaporate and Stability Analysis of Structures inorganic matter Liquid, another kind is difficult evaporation and the Undec organic matter of Stability Analysis of Structures for density is less.
In one example, the device can also include fixed part 105, the one end of fixed part 105 and annular linker phase Connection, the other end of fixed part 105 is fixed on pylon, and the device is fixed on pylon by fixed part 105.The fixed part 105 can also include regulating part 106, and the regulating part 106 is arranged between fixed part 105 and annular linker for making annular even Logical device can away from or the side of close fixed part 105 be adjusted up position.As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the fixed part of the present embodiment 105 and regulating part 106 employ the mode of screw rod connection, the nut on adjustment screw rod can be passed through, the annular linker of adjustment Level is so that whole device level.
In one example, the device also includes interface maintaining part 104, the lower end of the interface maintaining part 104 and subring Shape pipeline 103 is connected, and upper end is the opening with air communication.It should be understood that because whole device is a set of communicating vessel device, needing Keep a higher detection medium interface, it can be understood as, the interface between the detection medium with detection effect needs Among being maintained at the means of complementary annular pipeline, one of effect of the interface maintaining part 104 can be as a detection medium Plus entrance, can be whole device addition detection medium by the interface maintaining part 104, another effect is not having with the device One of effect of the above-mentioned column cylinder 102 when arranging means of complementary annular pipeline 103 is similar to, and exactly makes device keep connecting with air It is logical, it is the measurement effect provided auxiliary condition of annular linker.
In one example, the device can also include computing device, and computing device is connected with medium interface detector unit Connect, for receiving the height in three or more column cylinders that medium interface detector unit is measured to be calculated inclining for pylon Gradient.In one example, the computing device is additionally operable to be surveyed with medium interface detector unit according to the pre-configured orientation of column cylinder 102 Three or more column cylinders 102 in height being calculated the incline direction of pylon.
It should be noted that without departing from the scope of the invention, various improvement and can be carried out to it To replace part therein with equivalent.Especially, as long as there is no structural hazard, the every skill being previously mentioned in each embodiment Art feature can combine in any way.
Fig. 5 is the method flow diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection method of one embodiment of the invention.The method includes following step Suddenly:S110, above-mentioned tower post tilting degree detection means is arranged in the tower wall 108 of pylon;Here the tower for being arranged on pylon On frame wall 108, it can be understood as being arranged on the outside of tower wall 108 can also be arranged on the inner side of tower wall 108, for example can be with It is arranged on the adpting flange 107 of the inner side of tower wall 108 of pylon.S120, the upper strata detection adjusted in each column cylinder 102 is situated between So that height of the interface in each column cylinder 102 is consistent, record pylon is also at interface between matter and lower floor's detection medium First height of interface during non-run-off the straight between upper strata detection medium and lower floor's detection medium in each column cylinder 102; It should be understood that can select in the non-run-off the straight of pylon, the upper strata detection medium adjusted in each column cylinder 102 is detected with lower floor Interface between medium is so that height of the interface in each column cylinder 102 is consistent, and records above-mentioned multiple column cylinders 102 The height at interface between interior detection medium.S130, the interface between real-time monitoring upper strata detection medium and lower floor's detection medium Second height, obtains the second height for the height change value of the first height;S140, according to three in each column cylinder 102 Or the height change value at the interface in the column cylinder 102 of more than three calculates the gradient of pylon.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection method of one embodiment of the invention.In conjunction with Fig. 6 to being become according to height Change value calculates the detailed process of the gradient of pylon and is described in detail, as shown in fig. 6, being provided with an auxiliary with said apparatus As a example by the column cylinder 102 that annulus line 103 and 3 equidistantly distribute, in figure, at the beginning of the detection medium in three column cylinders 102 Beginning interfacial level is the height representated by tri- points of A, B, C in plane O of point ABC places, detection medium circle measured after inclination Face is highly A ', B ', the height representated by three points of C ', then the elliptic plane O ' that point A ', B ', C ' are formed as tower post tiltings Clinoplain afterwards, then the angle theta between two planes O and O ' represents the gradient of pylon, it should be noted that in Fig. 6, With point O ' as the center of circle, circular flat O ' can be denoted as parallel to the circular flat of passing point A, B, C, during calculating, can be with O ' The passing point A ' in the center of circle, B ', short axle MN of the oval O ' of C ', then through short axle MN and parallel to the circle of plane ABC The angle that plane O ' and elliptic plane O ' is formed is angle theta, if the intersection point of the straight line at circular flat O ' and CC ' places is Point E, is point G with the intersection point of AA ' places straight line, is point L with the intersection point of BB ' places straight line, then according to area projective theorem, mistake Point E is the straight line EF perpendicular to MN, then have ∠ EFC '=∠ θ, and by Heron's formula triangle area △ ABC is obtained
After detecting that the interfacial level between medium changes in above three column cylinder 102, height change is respectively hA、 hB、hC, wherein, hA=A ' G, hB=B ' L, hC=C ' E.
Then have:hA+hB+hC=0
Triangle area △ A ' B ' C ' are obtained by Heron's formula
Can obtain,
If it should be noted that fruit be provided with more column cylinders 102, then can still choose it is wherein apart compared with The height change that interface between medium is detected in three remote column cylinders 102 obtains tower post tilting angle θ to calculate.
In one embodiment, the method can also include arranging the orientation of each column cylinder 102;According to each column cylinder Three in 102 or the height change value and the orientation of at least one column cylinder 102 at the interface in the column cylinder 102 of more than three Calculate the incline direction of pylon.Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of the tower post tilting degree detection method of another embodiment of the present invention, in conjunction with figure 6 pairs are illustrated according to the calculating of the true bearing of height change value and column cylinder 102 with the principle for obtaining the incline direction of pylon, In one example, it should be appreciated that after being provided with the orientation of each column cylinder 102, the orientation of three column cylinders 102 is to determine, Therefore the change of interfacial level between the detection medium that can be detected according to them judges in combination with the orientation of above-mentioned setting The incline direction of pylon.For example direction is divided into:East, West, South, North, northwest, southwest, northeast, the southeast, this eight directions are specific Value;North by east, east by north, east by south, south by east, south by west, west by south, west by north, north by west, are the area between eight directions Domain.C points are now set as 0 °, direction is the positive north.After trying to achieve θ, it is possible to obtain on the ellipse week of elliptic plane O ', detection is situated between The excursion of the interfacial level h between matter, then compare hA、hB、hC, so that it is determined that the incline direction of pylon.For example still can be with The vertical line that C ' is straight line MN is crossed on elliptic plane O ', intersection point is F, connect EF;∠ EFC '=∠ θ, if ∠ EO ' F are α, sin α =EF/EO ', ∠ α=arcsin (EF/EO '), if the major axis of ellipsoid O ' is UW, then UW is in circular flat O and circular flat Projection on O ' is respectively point Z and point Y, extends YO ' and intersects with circular flat O ', and intersection point is W ', and understands that YO ' and MN hangs down Directly, then the incline direction of pylon is represented by ∠ EO ' W ', so the incline direction of pylon can pass through 90 ° of+arcsin (EF/ EO ') represent, wherein 0 °<arcsin(EF/EO′)<90°.In one example, the method can also include adopting computing device Calculate gradient or incline direction.
Fig. 8 is the example arrangement sketch of the tower post tilting degree detection means of further embodiment of this invention.As shown in figure 8, The device includes accommodating the annular linker 810 of detection medium, detects that the interface between medium is high in the annular linker of detection The medium interface osculating element 820 of degree and according to the testing result of above-mentioned medium interface osculating element 820 calculate tower post tilting degree Or the computing device 830 of incline direction.In one example, the device can also include data filtering unit, and it is right to be configured to The data of the gradient of calculated pylon and the incline direction of pylon are filtered to filter noise data.In an example In, the pylon can be the pylon of wind power generating set.Tower post tilting degree detection means 800 according to embodiments of the present invention can be right Should be in the executive agent in tower post tilting degree detection method according to embodiments of the present invention, and tower post tilting degree detection means Above and other operation of the modules in 800 and/or function respectively in order to realize Fig. 5 in method corresponding flow process, be It is succinct, will not be described here.In one example, the inclination number of degrees of the pylon Jing after the calculating of above-mentioned computing device 830 process According to or incline direction data, can export to outside or long-range master controller, the master controller for example can be master control PLC, the main control PLC transfers data to again remote monitoring center, it is possible to achieve the remote online monitor in real time of pylon state.Need It is noted that the computing device 930 of the tower post tilting degree detection means can also be arranged in the master controller, as master control One Auxiliary Control Element of device processed is realizing its function.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that the computing device of the tower post tilting degree detection means of further embodiment of this invention is realized. As shown in figure 9, tower post tilting degree detection means at least a portion of Fig. 8 descriptions can be made up of computing device 900, it includes defeated Enter equipment 901, input port 902, processor 903, memory 904, output port 905 and output equipment 906.Wherein, it is defeated Inbound port 902, processor 903, memory 904 and output port 905 are connected with each other by bus 910, input equipment 901 Be connected with bus 910 by input port 902 and output port 905 respectively with output equipment 906, so with computing device 900 Other assemblies connection.It should be noted that output interface and input interface here can also be represented with I/O interfaces.Specifically Ground, input equipment 901 is received from outside input information, and input information is sent to into processor by input port 902 903;Processor 903 is processed input information defeated to generate based on the computer executable instructions stored in memory 904 Go out information, output information is temporarily or permanently stored in memory 904, then letter will be exported by output port 905 Breath is sent to output equipment 906;Output equipment 906 is arrived the outside of computing device 900 by output information output.
That is, computing device can also be implemented as in tower post tilting degree detection means according to embodiments of the present invention Including the memory 904 of the computer executable instructions that are stored with;And processor 903, the processor 903 can in execution computer During execute instruction, it is possible to achieve with reference to tower post tilting degree detection means at least a portion function of Fig. 8 descriptions.
It should be noted that above-mentioned tower post tilting degree detection means and method are not limited to detect wind-power generating unit tower Gradient, the detection of gradient can also be carried out to such as television tower, building, the building building enclosure such as foot rest, it is therein Detection method is similar to the gradient detection of wind-power generating unit tower with embodiment, will not be described here.
Need clearly, to the invention is not limited in particular configuration that is described above and illustrating in figure and process.Also, For brevity, the detailed description to known method technology is omitted here.In the above-described embodiments, have been described and illustrated some Concrete step is as an example.But, method of the present invention process is not limited to described and illustrated concrete steps, this area Technical staff can understand the present invention spirit after be variously modified, change and add, or change step between Sequentially.
In several embodiments provided herein, it should be understood that disclosed system, apparatus and method, can be with Realize by another way.For example, device embodiment described above is only schematic, for example, the unit Divide, only a kind of division of logic function can have other dividing mode, such as multiple units or component when actually realizing Can with reference to or be desirably integrated into another system, or some features can be ignored, or not perform.In addition, shown or beg for By coupling each other or direct-coupling or communication connection can be INDIRECT COUPLING by some ports, device or unit Or communication connection, or electricity, machinery or other forms connections.
The above, the only specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, various equivalent modifications can be readily occurred in or replaced Change, these modifications or replacement all should be included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with right The protection domain of requirement is defined.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of tower post tilting degree detection means, it is characterised in that include:
Annular linker, the annular linker include annulus line (101) and be arranged on the annulus line (101) and with Three or more column cylinders (102) that the annulus line (101), the external world are connected;
Two or more detection medium, the detection medium is accommodated in the annular linker, and upper strata is detected Interface between medium and lower floor's detection medium is located in the column cylinder (102), wherein, the density of medium detects in the lower floor More than upper strata detect medium density and with the upper strata detection medium it is immiscible;
Medium interface detector unit, the medium interface detector unit is used to detect that the upper strata detection medium is examined with the lower floor Height of the interface surveyed between medium in three or more column cylinders (102).
2. tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the annular linker also includes auxiliary Annulus line (103), the column cylinder (102) is helped to be connected with the external world through the means of complementary annular pipeline (103).
3. tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 2, it is characterised in that in the media of detection more than described two At least two detection media be that density is different and be all higher than the liquid detecting medium of ambient air density, and the liquid The interface between upper strata detection medium and lower floor's detection medium in body monitoring medium is located at the annulus line (101) and described In the column cylinder (102) between means of complementary annular pipeline (103).
4. tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the medium interface detector unit bag Include in ultrasonic sensor, resistance type sensor, capacitance type transducers and laser type sensors one or more.
5. tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described also including fixed part (105) One end of fixed part (105) is connected with the annular linker, and the other end of the fixed part (105) is fixed on the pylon On.
6. tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixed part (105) also includes Regulating part (106), the regulating part (106) is arranged between the fixed part (105) and the annular linker, for making State annular linker can away from or Jie Jin the side of the fixed part (105) be adjusted up position, to adjust the annular even The level of logical device.
7. the tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 2, it is characterised in that also including interface maintaining part (104), the lower end of the interface maintaining part (104) is connected with the means of complementary annular pipeline (103), and upper end is and air communication Opening.
8. the tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described also including computing device Computing device is connected with the medium interface detector unit, for receive that the medium interface detector unit measures three or The height at the interface in more described column cylinders (102) is being calculated the gradient of the pylon.
9. the tower post tilting degree detection means according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the computing device is additionally operable to root According to the pre-configured orientation and three or more described column cylinders that the medium interface detector unit is measured of the column cylinder (102) (102) height at the interface is being calculated the incline direction of the pylon in.
10. tower post tilting degree detection means according to any one of claim 1 to 9, it is characterised in that the column cylinder (102) equidistantly it is arranged on the annulus line (101).
11. a kind of tower post tilting degree detection methods, it is characterised in that include:
Tower post tilting degree detection means any one of claim 1 to 10 is arranged on into the tower wall (108) of the pylon On;
Adjust in each described column cylinder (102) the upper strata detection medium and the lower floor detection medium between interface with Height of the interface in each described column cylinder (102) is consistent, the pylon is recorded and is had not occurred inclination when institute State first height of the interface between upper strata detection medium and lower floor detection medium in each described column cylinder (102);
Second height at the interface between upper strata detection medium described in real-time monitoring and lower floor detection medium, obtains described the Two height are for the height change value of first height;
The interface in the column cylinder (102) of three or more than three in each described column cylinder (102) it is described Height change value calculates the gradient of the pylon.
12. methods according to claim 11, it is characterised in that also include:The side of each column cylinder (102) is set Position;
The interface in the column cylinder (102) of three or more than three in each described column cylinder (102) it is described The orientation of height change value and at least one column cylinder (102) calculates the incline direction of the pylon.
13. methods according to claim 11 or 12, it is characterised in that also include calculating the inclination using computing device Degree or incline direction.
CN201611108951.6A 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Tower inclination detection device and method Active CN106643660B (en)

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