CN106642672A - Suspended biomass boiler - Google Patents

Suspended biomass boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106642672A
CN106642672A CN201710068440.4A CN201710068440A CN106642672A CN 106642672 A CN106642672 A CN 106642672A CN 201710068440 A CN201710068440 A CN 201710068440A CN 106642672 A CN106642672 A CN 106642672A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
housing
hopper
drum
smoke
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710068440.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
安徽鹰龙工业设计有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 安徽鹰龙工业设计有限公司 filed Critical 安徽鹰龙工业设计有限公司
Priority to CN201710068440.4A priority Critical patent/CN106642672A/en
Publication of CN106642672A publication Critical patent/CN106642672A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/34Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water chamber arranged adjacent to the combustion chamber or chambers, e.g. above or at side
    • F24H1/36Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water chamber arranged adjacent to the combustion chamber or chambers, e.g. above or at side the water chamber including one or more fire tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/0005Details for water heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1845Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters solid combustible heating means

Abstract

The invention discloses a suspended biomass boiler which comprises a shell, a material box and a boiler barrel; a supporting plate is fixedly connected with and arranged in the shell; a separation plate is also fixedly connected to the right side of the boiler barrel in the shell, a dust blocking net plate is fixedly connected between the boiler barrel and the separation plate, and the separation plate is provided with an ash through hole; a plurality of air supply pipes are also fixedly connected under the supporting plate in the shell, and the upper ends of the air supply pipes are fixedly communicated with a plurality of obliquely-formed spray nozzles; a plurality of hollow smoke and fire pipes are vertically arranged in the middle of the boiler barrel in a penetrating manner, the upper ends of the smoke and fire pipes are all communicated with a total smoke box fixedly connected with and arranged in the shell, and the total smoke box penetrates through a partition plate and is led to the upper part of the dust blocking net plate; two rolling rollers are also rotationally connected under a preheating pipe in the material box, are in close contact with each other and are in meshed connection with a transmission gear. The suspended biomass boiler disclosed by the invention is good in pulverized coal combustion effect, high in smoke and fire mixing temperature in the smoke pipe, and efficient and quick in heating and temperature rise.

Description

A kind of suspending type biological matter boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of boiler plant, specifically a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler.
Background technology
Biomass boiler is a species of boiler, be exactly with biomass energy as fuel boiler biomass pot Stove, is divided into biomass steam boiler, biomass hot water boiler, biomass thermal wind furnace, biomass heat-conduction oil oven, vertical type biomass pot Stove, horizontal biomass boiler etc., current horizontal biomass boiler send haul using conventional duplex for biomass fuel Row, but conveying burning is carried out to the various biomass fuels such as stalk, rice straw, bio-coal, though for undressed biology Matter raw material equally can be burnt, but at present in addition to small rural family expenses, many producers adopt or purchaser Just the bio-coal that the big biomass material of caloric value is processed, although bio-coal has in terms of environmental protection and economy compared with raw coal Outstanding advantage, but the caloric value of most of bio-coal it is low compared with raw coal it is upper a lot, this allow for its combustion heating effect compared with Raw coal boiler will be differed from a little so that it fails extensively to be utilized at present in large size industrial enterprise.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler, to solve above-mentioned background technology in propose ask Topic.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of suspending type biological matter boiler, including housing, hopper and drum, the hopper and drum are fixedly connected with shell In vivo, hopper is located at drum left side, and hopper upper end is drawn housing and is fixedly connected with hopper, and hopper bottom righthand side is communicated with blowing Valve, is fixedly connected with supporting plate in the housing, the hopper and drum are located at supporting plate top, supporting plate and hopper and boiler drum bottom Be fixedly connected with dividing plate between right side, be also fixedly connected with separating plate in housing on the right side of drum, drum right side wall upper end with Dividing plate is fixedly connected between separating plate, right low left high is also fixedly connected between drum right side wall centre position and separating plate and is inclined The dust-break web plate for tiltedly arranging, separating plate is further opened with logical ash hole at dust-break web plate, housing right side wall be also communicated with filler pipe and Blow-off pipe;Some air supply pipes be arrangeding in parallel are also fixedly connected with the housing below supporting plate, after the parallel connection of air supply pipe left end Stretch out outside housing, air supply pipe upper end fixation is communicated with some nozzles being obliquely installed, nozzle both passes through dividing plate and stretches out, nozzle with Angle between dividing plate gradually increases from left to right;The drum center vertical is equipped with some hollow smoke-fire-tubes, smoke-fire-tube Upper end connects with the total smoke box being fixedly connected in housing, and total smoke box causes dust-break web plate top, the supporting plate through dividing plate On correspondence dust-break web plate and hopper position offer exhaust hole, housing back wall position between hopper and supporting plate is also communicated with Smoke exhaust pipe, smoke exhaust pipe is connected with the air inlet of air-introduced machine, and air outlet and the fixation of air-introduced machine wear the economizer bank of housing and hopper Connection, the economizer bank other end is fixedly connected with the flue for being fixedly connected on housing front plate;In the hopper below economizer bank Two milling rollers are also rotatably connected to, are in close contact between two milling rollers, hopper two side is also fixed above milling roller to be connected The scraper plate being in close contact with milling roller is connected to, transmission is drawn and be fixedly connected with to the rotary shaft of two milling rollers from housing front Gear, engagement connection between travelling gear, one of milling roller is connected with motor.
As further scheme of the invention:Angular range between the nozzle and dividing plate is 60 ° -130 °.
As further scheme of the invention:The drum lower surface is left low right high dip structure.
As further scheme of the invention:Level height of the filler pipe level height less than logical ash hole.
As further scheme of the invention:The also fixation of the drum upper end and side wall is communicated with filler pipe, outlet pipe And return pipe.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Bio-coal is rolled into by powder by rolling device Grain lifts its oxygen contact area, and makes its mobile burning that suspends by nozzle ejection gases at high pressure, and combustion front is big, combustion efficiency It is good, the combustion efficiency of bio-coal is effectively lifted, while substituting the smoke pipe that conventional levels are arranged using the smoke-fire-tube of longitudinal, lead to Flue gas circulation is crossed, not only flue gas can be entered in the middle of drum, and aflame coal dust equally can be poured in the smoke-fire-tube in the middle of drum, cigarette Fire tube temperature is significantly improved, and more current smoke pipe heating is more efficient;The integral combustion efficiency of heating surface effectively improves, compared with Standard biologic matter boiler progress is obvious.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of main structure diagram of suspending type biological matter boiler.
Fig. 2 is a kind of rearview of suspending type biological matter boiler.
Fig. 3 is a kind of top view of suspending type biological matter boiler.
Specific embodiment
The technical scheme of this patent is described in more detail with reference to specific embodiment.
Refer to Fig. 1-3, a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler, including housing 1, hopper 2 and drum 3, the hopper 2 and pot Cylinder 3 is fixedly connected with housing 1, and hopper 2 is located at the left side of drum 3, and the upper end of hopper 2 is drawn housing 1 and is fixedly connected with hopper 4, the bottom righthand side of hopper 2 is communicated with baiting valve 5, and this is the configuration of standard biologic matter boiler, additionally the routine portion such as including igniter Part, is fixedly connected with supporting plate 6 in the housing 1, the hopper 2 and drum 3 located at the top of supporting plate 6, supporting plate 6 and hopper 2 and It has been fixedly connected between the bottom right of drum 3 in dividing plate 7, housing 1 and has also been fixedly connected with separating plate 8, drum on the right side of drum 3 Dividing plate 7 is fixedly connected between 3 right side wall upper ends and separating plate 8, it is also solid between the right side wall centre position of drum 3 and separating plate 8 Surely the dust-break web plate 9 that right low left high is obliquely installed is connected with, separating plate 8 is further opened with logical ash hole 10, housing at dust-break web plate 9 1 right side wall is also communicated with filler pipe 11 and blow-off pipe 12;Also it is fixedly connected with below supporting plate 6 in the housing 1 some parallel The air supply pipe 13 of setting, stretches out the outer gas generating equipment company such as with air compressor machine or air blast of housing 1 after the parallel connection of the left end of air supply pipe 13 Logical, the fixation of the upper end of air supply pipe 13 is communicated with some nozzles 14 being obliquely installed, and nozzle 14 both passes through dividing plate 7 and stretches out, nozzle 14 Gradually increase from left to right with the angle between dividing plate 7 and angular range is 60 ° -130 °, can so pass through what nozzle 14 spray The coal dust suspension promotion released from hopper 2 is made it transport toward the right middle of drum 3 by gases at high pressure, while can also pass through obtuse angle Nozzle 14 prevent from transporting excessively and being deposited in the lower right of drum 3, can be moved upward because high-temperature gas proportion is less, drum 3 lower surfaces may be configured as left low right high incline structure (not shown) so that the high-temperature gas of floating can drive coal dust certainly Right is mobile to the right side of drum 3, the high-pressure blast of fit with nozzle 14 blows, it is ensured that coal dust moves to right effect, it is ensured that drum 3 plus It is hot uniform, contact from townhouse with the coal charge lower surface of standard biologic matter boiler and affect burning different, because coal dust suspends, coal dust can Comprehensive to carry out efficient burning, combustion efficiency is good;The center vertical of the drum 3 is equipped with some hollow smoke-fire-tubes 15, pyrotechnics The upper end of pipe 15 connects with the total smoke box 17 being fixedly connected in housing 1, and coal dust is in combustion with the flue gas one discharged With entering in smoke-fire-tube 15, more conventional smoke pipe only flue gas is poured in be compared, the height for also having burning in smoke-fire-tube 15 in addition to high-temperature flue gas Warm coal dust so that its temperature is higher, effectively lifts heating effect, and total smoke box 17 causes the top of dust-break web plate 9 through dividing plate 7, raw Harmful substance after substance combustion burning is few, and wherein most is the biomass waste residue of reusable edible, and Jing dust-breaks web plate 9 will Biomass waste residue is stopped and tumbled and completes to collect in water, and the level height of filler pipe 11 is kept away less than the level height in logical ash hole 10 Exempt from catchment cover logical ash hole 10 (with the increase of waste residue amount, water level also can gradually rise, thus should diligent blowdown, or add liquid Level sensor coordinates magnetic valve with automatic pollution discharge), offer in correspondence dust-break web plate 9 and the position of hopper 2 on the supporting plate 6 logical Cigarette hole 18, the back wall of housing 1 position between hopper 2 and supporting plate 6 is also communicated with smoke exhaust pipe 19, and smoke exhaust pipe 19 enters with air-introduced machine 20 Air port connects, and the economizer bank 21 that the air outlet of air-introduced machine 20 wears housing 1 and hopper 2 with fixation is connected, the other end of economizer bank 21 It is fixedly connected with the flue 22 for being fixedly connected on the front plate of housing 1, coordinating the suction of air-introduced machine 20 can make high-temperature flue gas Jing first Cross air supply pipe 13 pairs and blast gas and heat, subsequently blast biomass coal charge is preheated in economizer bank 21 and drying at Reason, lifts the temperature of burning input media, effectively utilizes fume afterheat;Also rotation connects below economizer bank 21 in the hopper 2 Two milling rollers 23 are connected to, are in close contact between two milling rollers 23, the two side of hopper 2 is also fixedly connected in the top of milling roller 23 There is the scraper plate 16 being in close contact with milling roller 23, scraper plate 16 can both play stop material and leak down from the both sides of milling roller 23, while also The coal dust sticked on roll surface can be struck off, the rotary shaft of two milling rollers 23 is drawn and be fixedly connected with from the front of housing 1 Travelling gear 24, engagement connection between travelling gear 24, one of milling roller 23 is connected with motor 25, by milling roller 23 realization that rolls rolls bio-coal for coal dust, outer except ensureing the rising that can suspend of its light weight, because crushing surface area afterwards Increase, can also effectively lift its efficiency of combustion, and more conventional biomass need totally different, the coal that can burn through burned for long time The good efficiency high of powder combustion efficiency, can burn quickly in ashes, it also avoid because burning time it is long when still imperfect combustion just Pour in total smoke box 17 and caused energy waste;The upper end of the drum 3 and side wall also fixation be communicated with filler pipe 11, outlet pipe and Return pipe.
The better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail above, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art possesses, can be with the premise of without departing from this patent objective Make a variety of changes.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler, including housing (1), hopper (2) and drum (3), the hopper (2) and drum (3) It is fixedly connected with housing (1), hopper (2) positioned at drum (3) left side, draw housing (1) and be fixedly connected by hopper (2) upper end There is hopper (4), hopper (2) bottom righthand side is communicated with baiting valve (5), it is characterised in that be fixedly connected with supporting plate in the housing (1) (6), the hopper (2) and drum (3) be located at supporting plate (6) top, supporting plate (6) and hopper (2) and drum (3) bottom right it Between be fixedly connected with dividing plate (7), housing (1) inherence drum (3) right side is also fixedly connected with separating plate (8), drum (3) right side Dividing plate (7) is fixedly connected between wall upper end and separating plate (8), between drum (3) right side wall centre position and separating plate (8) also The dust-break web plate (9) that right low left high is obliquely installed is fixedly connected with, separating plate (8) is further opened with logical ash at dust-break web plate (9) place Hole (10), housing (1) right side wall is also communicated with filler pipe (11) and blow-off pipe (12);Housing (1) inherence supporting plate (6) lower section Some air supply pipes (13) be arrangeding in parallel are also fixedly connected with, housing (1) is stretched out outward after the parallel connection of air supply pipe (13) left end, air supply pipe (13) upper end fixation is communicated with some nozzles (14) being obliquely installed, and nozzle (14) both passes through dividing plate (7) and stretches out, nozzle (14) Gradually increase from left to right with the angle between dividing plate (7);Drum (3) center vertical is equipped with some hollow smoke-fire-tubes (15), smoke-fire-tube (15) upper end connects with the total smoke box (17) being fixedly connected in housing (1), and total smoke box (17) is through dividing plate (7) cause dust-break web plate (9) top, on the supporting plate (6) correspondence dust-break web plate (9) and hopper (2) position offer it is logical Cigarette hole (18), housing (1) back wall position between hopper (2) and supporting plate (6) is also communicated with smoke exhaust pipe (19), smoke exhaust pipe (19) with The air inlet connection of air-introduced machine (20), air outlet and the fixation of air-introduced machine (20) wear the economizer bank of housing (1) and hopper (2) (21) connect, economizer bank (21) other end is fixedly connected with the flue (22) for being fixedly connected on housing (1) front plate;The hopper (2) inherent economizer bank (21) lower section is also rotatably connected to two milling rollers (23), is in close contact between two milling rollers (23), material Case (2) two side is also fixedly connected with the scraper plate (16) being in close contact with milling roller (23), two stone rollers in milling roller (23) top The rotary shaft of pressure roller (23) is drawn from housing (1) front and is fixedly connected with travelling gear (24), between travelling gear (24) Engagement connection, one of milling roller (23) is connected with motor (25).
2. a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the nozzle (14) and dividing plate (7) angular range between is 60 ° -130 °.
3. a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that drum (3) lower surface is Left low right high dip structure.
4. a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that filler pipe (11) level is high Level height of the degree less than logical ash hole (10).
5. a kind of suspending type biological matter boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that drum (3) upper end and side Wall also fixation is communicated with filler pipe (11), outlet pipe and return pipe.
CN201710068440.4A 2017-02-08 2017-02-08 Suspended biomass boiler CN106642672A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710068440.4A CN106642672A (en) 2017-02-08 2017-02-08 Suspended biomass boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710068440.4A CN106642672A (en) 2017-02-08 2017-02-08 Suspended biomass boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106642672A true CN106642672A (en) 2017-05-10

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ID=58846360

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710068440.4A CN106642672A (en) 2017-02-08 2017-02-08 Suspended biomass boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106642672A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201964387U (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-09-07 大连新东方锅炉制造有限公司 High-efficiency biomass-combusting electricity generating boiler
CN103925592A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 河南农业大学 Biomass chain boiler
CN204214129U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-18 惠州市拓丰实业有限公司 Smokeless biomass thermal pipe boiler
CN204460683U (en) * 2015-02-25 2015-07-08 杨俊栋 From dedusting dump grate biomass fuel multitubular boiler
CN105757975A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-07-13 夏军 Smokeless warm bath boiler

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201964387U (en) * 2011-01-07 2011-09-07 大连新东方锅炉制造有限公司 High-efficiency biomass-combusting electricity generating boiler
CN103925592A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 河南农业大学 Biomass chain boiler
CN204214129U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-18 惠州市拓丰实业有限公司 Smokeless biomass thermal pipe boiler
CN204460683U (en) * 2015-02-25 2015-07-08 杨俊栋 From dedusting dump grate biomass fuel multitubular boiler
CN105757975A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-07-13 夏军 Smokeless warm bath boiler

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