CN106624910A - Automobile engine cylinder body clamp - Google Patents

Automobile engine cylinder body clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106624910A
CN106624910A CN201610918496.XA CN201610918496A CN106624910A CN 106624910 A CN106624910 A CN 106624910A CN 201610918496 A CN201610918496 A CN 201610918496A CN 106624910 A CN106624910 A CN 106624910A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
halfbody
cylinder body
block
piston
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610918496.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈振丰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Dianguocheng Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Dianguocheng Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Dianguocheng Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Chongqing Dianguocheng Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610918496.XA priority Critical patent/CN106624910A/en
Publication of CN106624910A publication Critical patent/CN106624910A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/061Work-clamping means adapted for holding a plurality of workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Jigs For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automobile engine cylinder body clamp comprising a supporting seat, cylinder body half-body clamping mechanisms and a hydraulic pressure input structure. The cylinder body half-body clamping mechanisms and the hydraulic pressure input structure are fixedly mounted on the supporting seat, the cylinder body half-body clamping mechanisms are hydraulic pressure driving clamping mechanisms, and the cylinder body half-body clamping mechanisms are connected with the hydraulic pressure input structure. The automobile engine cylinder body clamp is characterized in that the supporting seat comprises a base and a bearing block; the top surface of the base has a horizontal mounting surface, and the bearing block is formed in the mode that the overall horizontal mounting surface perpendicularly protrudes upwards; two back-to-back side surfaces are arranged on the bearing block, and the surface area of each side surface is larger than the area surrounded by the projection of each cylinder body half-body clamping mechanism in the direction vertical to the side surface; and a set of cylinder body half-body clamping mechanisms are mounted on the two side surfaces correspondingly. The automobile engine cylinder body clamp has the advantages that the integration level is higher, the structure is more compact, and floor area and space can be saved.

Description

Automobile engine cylinder-body fixture
Technical field
The invention belongs to automobile engine frock field, and in particular to a kind of automobile engine cylinder-body fixture.
Background technology
Automobile engine cylinder-body is obtained by processing technology is cast.During production and processing, first pass through casting to obtain cylinder blank, Subsequently blank is being fixed using fixture, subsequently, blank is being processed using milling machine tool, so as to obtain Finished product.
In prior art, notification number discloses a kind of " hydraulic engine cylinder body milling bottom for the patent of CN204366548U Face fixture "(Referring to this specification accompanying drawing 1), the fixture includes base 1 and top board 2, and the two ends of the base are respectively arranged with The side plate 3 of support plate and vertical rod 4, are additionally provided with the gripper shoe 5 coordinated with engine cylinder-body top surface, the support on the base The end of plate 5 is provided with the locating piece 6 coordinated with engine cylinder-body end face, is provided with the top board along engine cylinder-body longitudinal direction The first hydraulic cylinder 7 and second hydraulic cylinder 8 of arrangement, is provided with the first connecting plate 9 on the piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder, and described The first depression bar group 10 is provided with one connecting plate, the second connecting plate 11 is provided with the piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder, described second The second depression bar group 12 is provided with connecting plate;Also include the location-plate 13 coordinated with engine cylinder-body middle part bearing block end face, it is described Location-plate is fixed on base 1 by support 14.
But single above-mentioned fixture be disposably only capable of to cylinder body in a halfbody carry out it is clamping, when needing single cylinder body When two halfbodies are clamping, then two sleeve clamps are needed;However, the transport of two sleeve clamps is moved and the mounting arrangements at scene are all more numerous It is trivial.Based on this, applicant considers that design is a kind of and is more convenient for transporting the automobile engine cylinder-body fixture moved with in-site installation arrangement.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved is:How to provide one kind to be more convenient for The automobile engine cylinder-body fixture with in-site installation arrangement is moved in transport.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, following technical scheme is present invention employs:
Automobile engine cylinder-body fixture, including fulcrum bearing, cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and hydraulic pressure input structure;The cylinder body halfbody Clamping mechanism and hydraulic pressure input structure are fixedly mounted in the fulcrum bearing, and the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is hydraulic-driven folder Gu mechanism, and the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is connected with the hydraulic pressure input structure;It is characterized in that:The fulcrum bearing includes Base and bearing block, the top surface of the base has horizontal mounting surface, and entirety is vertically convex on the horizontal mounting surface is formed with The bearing block, on the bearing block have back to two sides, and the surface area of described two sides be more than the cylinder body The area that halfbody clamping mechanism is surrounded in the projection in the side surface direction, fixedly mounts respectively on described two sides There is a set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism.
Above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture, because being vertically installed with the bearing block, the bearing block on base On above-mentioned two side on be installed with a set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism respectively, therefore automobile engine cylinder-body folder Tool disposably can be clamped to two halfbodies of cylinder body, and can be disposably complete when transport is moved and arranged with in-site installation Into, therefore Lifting Convey moves the efficiency with in-site installation arrangement.At the same time, the integrated level of above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture Higher, structure is more compact, can more save floor space and space.
Preferably, the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism includes lower supporting plate, jacking block, hydraulic cylinder, push pedal and compressor arm, institute Lower supporting plate and jacking block are stated integrally in horizontal platy structure, and entirety is vertically connected on the side of fulcrum bearing;It is described Base plate and jacking block are the short transverse interval setting in the side, and the upper surface of the lower supporting plate is for horizontal supporting Cylinder body halfbody and the bearing-surface put off for the cylinder body halfbody;The hydraulic cylinder, the liquid are vertically installed with the jacking block The push rod of cylinder pressure vertically extends down and after the jacking block position between jacking block and lower supporting plate;The lower end of the push rod Vertically be fixedly connected with the overall push pedal in the horizontal tabular of bar shaped, the length direction of the push pedal with put off in lower supporting plate On cylinder body halfbody length direction it is parallel;The downside fixed vertical of the push pedal is installed with the compressor arm, described Compressor arm be spaced many along the push pedal length direction, and the lower surface of many compressor arms be for put off The seal face that the upper horizontal face of the cylinder body halfbody on lower supporting plate abuts against.
Cylinder body halfbody is first placed horizontally at lower supporting plate by above-mentioned cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism when cylinder body halfbody is clamped On;Subsequently, starting hydraulic cylinder can cause the push rod of the hydraulic cylinder to promote push pedal and compressor arm to put off in lower supporting plate to compress On cylinder body halfbody, realize the clamping of cylinder body halfbody.Therefore the employing of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism, the clamping of cylinder body halfbody can be caused Operation is more convenient.
Preferably, the bearing block includes installing panel, side plate and jacking block;The installation panel is vertical fixed installation On base and overall rectangular thick plate-like structure, and the installation panel is spaced two pieces side by side, two pieces of mounting surfaces It is installed with a set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism on two surfaces mutually deviated from plate respectively, two pieces are installed the horizontal of panel The side plate is fixedly connected between side;The top of the installation panel and side plate is fixedly connected with the jacking block;The peace Dress panel, enclose between side plate and jacking block and be formed with hollow structure.
In the structure of above-mentioned bearing block, install and cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is installed with panel, therefore need by peace Fill panel to support cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and cylinder body halfbody, therefore meeting in the fixed reliability sexual intercourse for installing panel To cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and the clamping effect of cylinder body halfbody.Two pieces are installed the side plate that panel lateral side end is fixedly connected, The securement strength of two pieces of installation panels can be strengthened.And the top of two pieces of installation panels and side plate is fixedly linked with jacking block, enters one Step improves the stable degree for installing panel, lifts two pieces of top and integral firmness of jacking block for installing panel and side plate.
At the same time, and panel is installed, is enclosed between side plate and jacking block and is formed with hollow structure, can ensure that panel is installed Securement strength while, the overall weight of bearing block is reduced, beneficial to the efficiency for lifting transfer and install.
Preferably, the bottom face for installing panel is provided with screwed hole, and the screwed hole is at the bottom for installing panel End face length direction is spaced multiple;The through hole corresponding with the screwed hole is provided through on the base;It is described In through hole and screwed hole screw is connected with so that installation panel is fixedly linked with base.
Attachment structure between above-mentioned installation panel and base, by installing panel bottom thread mill drilling, Yi Ji Drill on base, afterwards structure with bolts is relatively simple;It is more convenient for installing after panel and the first production alone of base in dress With together, beneficial to being lifted efficiency is produced and processed.
Preferably, being provided with the top end face for installing panel spaced multiple along the top end face length direction Screwed hole;It is provided with the jacking block and is bored a hole correspondingly with the multiple screwed holes on the top end face for installing panel;It is described to wear In hole and screwed hole screw is connected with so that installation panel is fixedly linked with jacking block.
Attachment structure between above-mentioned installation panel and jacking block, by installing panel top end thread mill drilling, Yi Ji Drill on jacking block, afterwards structure with bolts is relatively simple;It is easily installed the production alone of panel and jacking block, and subsequently Assembling, beneficial to being lifted efficiency is produced and processed.
As another kind preferably, the cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism includes being fixedly mounted on the vertical fixed machine of bearing block side Structure and horizontal fixed mechanism;The vertical fixed mechanism includes upper fixed mechanism and lower fixed mechanism;Wherein,
Fixed mechanism includes lever cylinder and the compression leg being engaged with the lever cylinder;The lever cylinder includes piston cylinder, work Stopper rod, briquetting and a block;One end of the piston rod is arranged at piston cylinder inside and with piston end plate, the piston end plate with The inner wall sealing of piston cylinder is connected, and piston cylinder inner chamber is divided into into lock sealing chamber and annular seal space is unclamped, and the locking is close Envelope chamber and release annular seal space are connected respectively by pipeline with the sealing of hydraulic pressure input structure;The other end of the piston rod runs through piston Cylinder is simultaneously extended outside piston cylinder, and is hinged with one end of the briquetting of strip, the middle part of the briquetting length direction with One end of described block of strip is hinged, and the other end of described block is connected to and is fixedly connected on connecting seat;The pressure The other end of block is to compress end;Outer end on the compression leg away from bearing block side is cramping end, and the cramping end is pointed to described Compress end, and the cramping end and compress the flange of minimum clearance between end and the upside of the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off Thickness matches;
The lever cylinder and compression leg are corresponding with the upper flange of piston/cylinder halfbody in the horizontal spaced at least two Group;
The lower fixed mechanism is integrally located at the lower section of fixed mechanism, and the lower fixed mechanism includes what is be horizontally arranged at interval At least two support columns;The support column is vertically fixed on bearing block side, and the upper surface of the support column is for level The bearing-surface for holding cylinder body halfbody and putting off for the cylinder body halfbody;
The lateral ends fixed mechanism includes side block bar, and the side block bar holds to be vertically fixed on bearing block side and being distributed in Pouring weight side transverse ends, and for offset at least two of end face of cylinder body halfbody.
Compared with the existing technology can not only come to piston cylinder on vertical compared with the setting of, above-mentioned cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism Body halfbody carries out double team clamping, additionally it is possible to double team is carried out to piston/cylinder halfbody by horizontal fixed mechanism spacing, so that Obtaining piston/cylinder halfbody can be clamped fixation in peripheral direction, so as to obtain more firm clamping effect, beneficial to realization The Milling Process of more preferable precision.
Above-mentioned cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism is when in use:First, by the both ends of the surface in cylinder body halfbody lateral length direction along side block Bar is entered, and after cylinder body halfbody is in directly over the support bar of lower fixed mechanism, slow decentralization cylinder body halfbody is to lower fixed mechanism Support bar on, so as to realize cylinder body halfbody putting off on clamping mechanism, and the two ends in the lateral length direction of cylinder body halfbody It is able to spacing.Subsequently, adjust the flange of the upside of cylinder body halfbody and it is in cramping end and is compressed the position between end;Most Afterwards, start hydraulic pressure input structure and feed hydraulic pressure to the lock sealing chamber of piston cylinder so that clamp end and hold cylinder body halfbody with compressing Upside flange clamp, complete the clamping positioning of cylinder body halfbody.
After cylinder body halfbody is machined, hydraulic pressure is fed to the release annular seal space of piston cylinder by hydraulic pressure input structure, and So that in the lock sealing chamber of piston cylinder liquid backflow, and cause clamp end and compress end between away from and unclamp;Subsequently i.e. Cylinder body halfbody can be taken out from clamping mechanism.
Preferably, the lower fixed mechanism also includes the lever cylinder and the compression leg;The cramping end with compress end Between minimum clearance match with the downside thickness of flange of the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off;The lever cylinder and compression leg are Corresponding with the lower side flange of the piston/cylinder halfbody of traverse in the horizontal spaced at least two groups.
The setting of lever cylinder and compression leg in above-mentioned lower fixed mechanism, under the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off can be clamped Side flange so that piston/cylinder halfbody it is clamping more firm.
Preferably, above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture also includes being arranged between fixed mechanism and lower fixed mechanism The jacking mechanism of position, the jacking mechanism includes being vertically fixed on the top hydraulic jack of bearing block side, the top hydraulic oil The outer end of the piston rod of cylinder be on the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off for compressing just to perpendicular push against end;It is described Top hydraulic jack is in the horizontal spaced at least one.
The setting of above-mentioned jacking mechanism, can be by causing to push against end ejection so that push against to feed flow in the hydraulic jack of top End can be engaged further locked in bearing block side surface direction with the end that compresses of briquetting, so as to overcome because of piston Cylinder body halfbody causes the not high defect of machining accuracy in milling process in the shake in bearing block side surface direction, enters one Step guarantees machining accuracy.
Preferably, the hydraulic pressure input structure includes bearing block, the bearing block is obtained for metal thick plate material, and The fluid path to be formed is worn inside bearing block;One end of the fluid path is the entrance positioned at the bearing block top end face End, the other end of the hydraulic path is the output end being connected with hydraulic cylinder sealing in cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism.
Fluid path in above-mentioned hydraulic pressure input structure is formed by processing perforation in bearing block, compared to existing skill For art is conveyed using metal tube to liquid, first, it is empty that this hydraulic pressure input structure can not only reduce bearing block outside Between occupancy so that self structure is more compact, and reduces overall volume.Secondly, fluid path and bearing block are also enabled It is adequately isolated between outside cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism, prevents fluid path from causing to hinder and shadow to the clamping process of cylinder body halfbody Ring so that cylinder body halfbody putting off on fixture is relatively sharp to be understood.Finally, led to by wearing the liquid to be formed in bearing block Road can not only save making material, and can also carry out block protection to fluid path using bearing block self structure so that The structure of fluid path is more reliable.
Preferably, above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture also includes being fixedly connected on the jacking block at heavy piece of top, it is described The surrounding of jacking block at the top of screw and bearing block by being fixedly linked;The upper surface vertical seal of the jacking block is fixedly installed liquid Body input pipe, and the outer end of the liquid input tube has flange terminal pad;The jacking block in the liquid input tube Upper surface be provided with liquid input hole, the lower surface of the jacking block is provided with liquid delivery outlet corresponding with the arrival end, The inside of the jacking block wears and is formed with the fluid path for connecting the liquid input hole with the liquid delivery outlet.
The setting of above-mentioned jacking block, not only can be consolidated between liquid input adapter by flange terminal pad and be connected;Upper State the effect of setting fluid path in jacking block identical with the effect that fluid path is arranged in bearing block.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be prior art in notification number be CN204366548U, entitled " hydraulic engine cylinder body milling bottom surface fixture " Patent structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the front view of oil cylinder halfbody.
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram watched by rear direction of oil cylinder halfbody.
Fig. 4 is the automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of the present invention(It is clamping to have oil cylinder halfbody)Dimensional structure diagram.
Fig. 5 is the automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of the present invention(It is clamping to have oil cylinder halfbody)Side view.
Fig. 6 is the automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of the present invention(It is not clamping to have oil cylinder halfbody)Dimensional structure diagram.
Fig. 7 is the automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of the present invention(It is not clamping to have oil cylinder halfbody)Side view.
Fig. 8 is A-A sectional views in Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of the present invention(It is not clamping to have oil cylinder halfbody)Explosive view.
It is labeled as in Fig. 2 to Fig. 9:
1 base;
2 bearing blocks, 21 install panel, 22 side plates, 23 jacking blocks;
3 cylinder body halfbodies, 31 composition surfaces, 32 flanges;
41 lever cylinders, 42 compression legs, 43 cramping ends, 44 briquettings, 45 compress end, 46 support columns, 47 side block bars, 48 top hydraulic jacks;
51 arrival ends, 52 fluid paths, 53 liquid input tubes, 54 plugs.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail.Wherein, for description using it is such as upper and lower, left, The exemplary term such as right, it is therefore intended that help reader to understand, and be not intended to be limited.
As shown in Fig. 2 to Fig. 9:
Embodiment one:
Automobile engine cylinder-body fixture, including fulcrum bearing, cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and hydraulic pressure input structure;The cylinder body halfbody Clamping mechanism and hydraulic pressure input structure are fixedly mounted in the fulcrum bearing, and the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is hydraulic-driven folder Gu mechanism, and the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is connected with the hydraulic pressure input structure;The fulcrum bearing includes base 1 and load-bearing Block 2, the top surface of the base 1 has horizontal mounting surface, and load-bearing has been stated in overall vertical convex formation on the horizontal mounting surface Block 2, on the bearing block 2 have back to two sides, and the surface area of described two sides more than the cylinder body halfbody folder Gu the area that mechanism is surrounded in the projection in the side surface direction, is installed with respectively a set of on described two sides The cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism.
Above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture, because being vertically installed with the bearing block 2, the load-bearing on base 1 It is installed with a set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism on above-mentioned two side on block 2 respectively, therefore the automotive engine cylinder Body fixture disposably can be clamped to two halfbodies of cylinder body, and can be once when transport is moved and arranged with in-site installation Property complete, therefore Lifting Convey move with in-site installation arrangement efficiency.At the same time, the collection of above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture Into Du Genggao, structure is more compact, can more save floor space and space.
During enforcement, those skilled in the art should know:The clamping of cylinder body halfbody 3 can be placed for horizontal cross, and by cylinder So it is easy to process cylinder body halfbody 3 using milling machine towards front in the composition surface 31 of body halfbody 3.
Wherein, the bearing block 2 includes installing panel 21, side plate 22 and jacking block 23;The installation panel 21 is vertical solid Dingan County is mounted on base 1 and overall rectangular thick plate-like structure, and the installation panel 21 is spaced two pieces side by side, and two Block is installed and is installed with a set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism on two surfaces mutually deviated from panel 21 respectively, two pieces of installations The side plate 22 is fixedly connected between the lateral side end of panel 21;The installation panel 21 is fixedly connected with the top of side plate 22 There is the jacking block 23;The installation panel 21, enclose between side plate 22 and jacking block 23 and be formed with hollow structure.
In the structure of above-mentioned bearing block 2, install and cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is installed with panel 21, therefore need to pass through Panel 21 is installed to support cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and cylinder body halfbody 3, therefore the fixed reliability of panel 21 is installed Being related to can be to cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and the clamping effect of cylinder body halfbody 3.The lateral side end of panel 21 is installed two pieces to fix The side plate 22 of connection, can strengthen the securement strength of two pieces of installation panels 21.And the top of two pieces of installation panels 21 and side plate 22 It is fixedly linked with jacking block 23, further improves the stable degree for installing panel 21, two pieces of installation panels 21 of lifting and side plate 22 Top and the integral firmness of jacking block 23.
At the same time, and panel 21 is installed, is enclosed between side plate 22 and jacking block 23 and is formed with hollow structure, peace can ensured While the securement strength of dress panel 21, the weight of the entirety of bearing block 2 is reduced, beneficial to the efficiency for lifting transfer and install.
Wherein, the bottom face for installing panel 21 is provided with screwed hole, and the screwed hole is at the bottom for installing panel 21 End face length direction is spaced multiple;The through hole corresponding with the screwed hole is provided through on the base 1;It is described In through hole and screwed hole screw is connected with so that installation panel 21 is fixedly linked with base 1.
Attachment structure between above-mentioned installation panel 21 and base 1, by install the bottom thread mill drilling of panel 21, with And drill on base 1, afterwards structure with bolts is relatively simple;It is more convenient for that panel 21 is installed and base 1 is first given birth to alone Postpartum is being assembled together, and beneficial to being lifted efficiency is produced and processed.
Wherein, multiple spiral shells spaced along the top end face length direction are provided with the top end face for installing panel 21 Pit;It is provided with the jacking block 23 and is bored a hole correspondingly with the multiple screwed holes on the top end face for installing panel 21;It is described In perforation and screwed hole screw is connected with so that installation panel 21 is fixedly linked with jacking block 23.
Attachment structure between above-mentioned installation panel 21 and jacking block 23, by install the top thread mill drilling of panel 21, And drill on jacking block 23, afterwards structure with bolts is relatively simple;It is easily installed panel 21 and jacking block 23 alone Production, and follow-up assembling, beneficial to being lifted efficiency is produced and processed.
Wherein, it is fixedly linked by screw between the top end face of the side plate 22 and the jacking block 23;The side plate 22 It is fixedly connected by screw between bottom face and base 1.
Attachment structure between above-mentioned side and jacking block 23 and base 1 is relatively simple, is easy to process and assembles.
Wherein, the part being exposed at outside jacking block 23 is connected on the screw between the top of the side plate 22 and the jacking block 23 It is fixedly connected with a suspension ring.
The setting of above-mentioned suspension ring so that automobile engine cylinder-body fixture is integrally more convenient for using suspender come handling and live cloth Put, lift transfer and arrange efficiency.
Wherein, the cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism includes being fixedly mounted on the vertical fixed mechanism of the side of bearing block 2 and laterally Fixed mechanism;The vertical fixed mechanism includes upper fixed mechanism and lower fixed mechanism;Wherein,
Fixed mechanism includes lever cylinder 41 and the compression leg 42 being engaged with the lever cylinder 41;The lever cylinder 41 includes living Plug cylinder, piston rod, briquetting 44 and a block;One end of the piston rod is arranged at piston cylinder inside and with piston end plate, described Piston end plate is connected with the inner wall sealing of piston cylinder, and piston cylinder inner chamber is divided into into lock sealing chamber and annular seal space is unclamped, The lock sealing chamber and release annular seal space are connected respectively by pipeline with the sealing of hydraulic pressure input structure;The piston rod it is another End is through piston cylinder and extends outside piston cylinder, and is hinged with one end of the briquetting 44 of strip, and the briquetting 44 is grown The middle part in degree direction is hinged with one end of described block of strip, and the other end of described block is connected to the company of being fixedly connected on On joint chair;The other end of the briquetting 44 is to compress end 45;Outer end on the compression leg 42 away from the side of bearing block 2 is cramping end 43, the cramping end 43 point to it is described compress end 45, and the cramping end 43 and compress minimum clearance between end 45 with it is horizontal The thickness of flange 32 of the upside of the piston/cylinder halfbody 3 for putting off matches;
The lever cylinder 41 and compression leg 42 are corresponding spaced with the upper flange 32 of piston/cylinder halfbody 3 in the horizontal At least two groups;
The lower fixed mechanism is integrally located at the lower section of fixed mechanism, and the lower fixed mechanism includes what is be horizontally arranged at interval At least two support columns 46;The support column 46 is vertically fixed on the side of bearing block 2, and the upper surface of the support column 46 be for Horizontal supporting cylinder body halfbody 3 and the bearing-surface put off for the cylinder body halfbody 3;
The lateral ends fixed mechanism includes side block bar 47, and the side block bar 47 is to be vertically fixed on the side of bearing block 2 and divide Cloth in the side transverse ends of bearing block 2, and for offset at least two of end face of cylinder body halfbody 3.
Compared with the existing technology can not only come to piston cylinder on vertical compared with the setting of, above-mentioned cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism Body halfbody 3 carries out double team clamping, additionally it is possible to double team is carried out to piston/cylinder halfbody 3 by horizontal fixed mechanism spacing, so as to So that piston/cylinder halfbody 3 can be clamped fixation in peripheral direction, so as to obtain more firm clamping effect, beneficial to reality The existing Milling Process of more preferable precision.
Above-mentioned cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism is when in use:First, by the both ends of the surface in the lateral length direction of cylinder body halfbody 3 along side block Bar 47 is entered, and after cylinder body halfbody 3 is in directly over the support bar of lower fixed mechanism, slow decentralization cylinder body halfbody 3 is to lower fixation On the support bar of mechanism, so as to realize the putting off on clamping mechanism of cylinder body halfbody 3, and the lateral length direction of cylinder body halfbody 3 Two ends be able to it is spacing.Subsequently, adjust the upside of cylinder body halfbody 3 flange 32 and make its be in cramping end 43 with compress end 45 it Between position;Finally, start hydraulic pressure input structure and feed hydraulic pressure to the lock sealing chamber of piston cylinder so that clamp end 43 and compress End 45 clamps the flange 32 of the upside of cylinder body halfbody 3, completes the clamping positioning of cylinder body halfbody 3.
After cylinder body halfbody 3 is machined, hydraulic pressure is fed to the release annular seal space of piston cylinder by hydraulic pressure input structure, and So that in the lock sealing chamber of piston cylinder liquid backflow, and cause clamp end 43 and compress end 45 between away from and unclamp;With Cylinder body halfbody 3 can be taken out from clamping mechanism afterwards.
Wherein, the lower fixed mechanism also includes the lever cylinder 41 and the compression leg 42;The cramping end 43 with compress Minimum clearance between end 45 matches with the thickness of lower side flange 32 of the piston/cylinder halfbody 3 for laterally putting off;The lever cylinder 41 and compression leg 42 be in the horizontal corresponding with the lower side flange 32 of the piston/cylinder halfbody 3 of traverse spaced at least two Group.
The setting of lever cylinder 41 and compression leg 42 in above-mentioned lower fixed mechanism, can clamp the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off 3 lower side flange 32 so that piston/cylinder halfbody 3 it is clamping more firm.
Wherein, above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture also includes being arranged at position between fixed mechanism and lower fixed mechanism Jacking mechanism, the jacking mechanism includes being vertically fixed on the top hydraulic jack 48 of the side of bearing block 2, the top hydraulic jack The outer end of 48 piston rod be on the piston/cylinder halfbody 3 for laterally putting off for compressing just to perpendicular push against end;Institute Top hydraulic jack 48 is stated in the horizontal spaced at least one.
The setting of above-mentioned jacking mechanism, can be by causing to push against end ejection so that support to feed flow in the hydraulic jack 48 of top Tight end can be engaged come further locking in the side surface direction of bearing block 2 with the end 45 that compresses of briquetting 44, so as to gram Clothes cause machining accuracy not high in milling process because of piston/cylinder halfbody 3 in the shake in the side surface direction of bearing block 2 Defect, further ensure that machining accuracy.
Wherein, the hydraulic pressure input structure includes bearing block 2, and the bearing block 2 is obtained for metal thick plate material, and is holding The fluid path 52 to be formed is worn inside pouring weight 2;One end of the fluid path 52 is entering positioned at the top end face of the bearing block 2 Mouth end 51, the other end of the hydraulic path is the output end being connected with hydraulic cylinder sealing in cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism.
Fluid path 52 in above-mentioned hydraulic pressure input structure is formed by processing perforation in bearing block 2, compared to existing For having technology liquid is conveyed using metal tube, first, this hydraulic pressure input structure can not only be reduced outside bearing block 2 The occupancy in portion space so that self structure is more compact, and reduce overall volume.Secondly, also enable fluid path 52 with It is adequately isolated between cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism outside bearing block 2, prevents fluid path 52 from making to the clamping process of cylinder body halfbody 3 Into hindering and affect so that the putting off on fixture of cylinder body halfbody 3 is relatively sharp to be understood.Finally, by wearing in bearing block 2 The fluid path 52 of formation can not only save making material, and can also be using the self structure of bearing block 2 come to fluid path 52 Carry out block protection so that the structure of fluid path 52 is more reliable.
During enforcement, those skilled in the art should know that the fluid path 52 being connected with single hydraulic cylinder is two, therefore The quantity for drawing fluid path 52 can directly be calculated according to the quantity of hydraulic cylinder.
Wherein, above-mentioned automobile engine cylinder-body fixture also includes being fixedly connected on the jacking block 23 at heavy piece of top, the top The surrounding of block 23 is fixedly linked by screw with the top of bearing block 2;The upper surface vertical seal of the jacking block 23 is fixedly installed There is liquid input tube 53, and the outer end of the liquid input tube 53 has flange terminal pad;In the liquid input tube 53 The upper surface of the jacking block 23 be provided with liquid input hole, the lower surface of the jacking block 23 is provided with and the arrival end 51 pairs The liquid delivery outlet answered, the inside of the jacking block 23 wears to be formed with and connects the liquid input hole with the liquid delivery outlet Fluid path 52.
The setting of above-mentioned jacking block 23, not only can be consolidated between liquid input adapter by flange terminal pad and be connected; The effect that fluid path 52 is arranged in above-mentioned jacking block 23 is identical with the effect that fluid path 52 is arranged in bearing block 2.
Wherein, the horizontal end face of the bearing block 2 is provided with what is be connected with the fluid path 52 inside bearing block 2 Discharge orifice, blocking at the aperture of the discharge orifice is provided with plug 54.
So, you can the liquid of heavy piece of inside is easily released by discharge orifice.
Embodiment two(Not shown in figure):
The present embodiment is with the difference of embodiment one:The cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism includes lower supporting plate, jacking block, hydraulic pressure Cylinder, push pedal and compressor arm, the lower supporting plate and jacking block are in integrally horizontal platy structure, and entirety is vertically connected on fulcrum bearing The side on;The base plate and jacking block are the short transverse interval setting in the side, and the lower supporting plate is upper Surface is the bearing-surface put off for horizontal supporting cylinder body halfbody and for the cylinder body halfbody;Vertically it is installed with the jacking block The hydraulic cylinder, the push rod of the hydraulic cylinder vertically extends down and after the jacking block position between jacking block and lower supporting plate Put;The lower end of the push rod is vertically fixedly connected with the overall push pedal in the horizontal tabular of bar shaped, the length side of the push pedal To parallel with the length direction for putting off the cylinder body halfbody on lower supporting plate;The downside fixed vertical fixed installation of the push pedal There is a compressor arm, the compressor arm is and many compressor arms spaced many along the push pedal length direction Lower surface is the seal face for abutting against with the upper horizontal face for putting off the cylinder body halfbody on lower supporting plate.
Cylinder body halfbody is first placed horizontally at lower supporting plate by above-mentioned cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism when cylinder body halfbody is clamped On;Subsequently, starting hydraulic cylinder can cause the push rod of the hydraulic cylinder to promote push pedal and compressor arm to put off in lower supporting plate to compress On cylinder body halfbody, realize the clamping of cylinder body halfbody.Therefore the employing of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism, the clamping of cylinder body halfbody can be caused Operation is more convenient.
Wherein, the base is in integrally tabular, and the upper surface of the base is the horizontal mounting surface;The bearing block Handle is installed with the upper lateral surface between described two sides.
The simple structure of above-mentioned base, is easy to make and arranges bearing block;The setting of above-mentioned bearing block up knob, it is right to be easy to Fixture is integrally rotated or is shifted, so as to improve the service efficiency of fixture.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, need to point out be, for those skilled in the art are without departing from this skill On the premise of art scheme, some deformations and improvement can also be made, above-mentioned deformation and improved technical scheme equally should be considered as Enter this application claims scope.

Claims (10)

1. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture, including fulcrum bearing, cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism and hydraulic pressure input structure;The cylinder body half Body clamping mechanism and hydraulic pressure input structure are fixedly mounted in the fulcrum bearing, and the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is hydraulic-driven Clamping mechanism, and the cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism is connected with the hydraulic pressure input structure;It is characterized in that:The fulcrum bearing bag Base and bearing block are included, the top surface of the base has horizontal mounting surface, overall vertical convex formation on the horizontal mounting surface Have the bearing block, on the bearing block have back to two sides, and the surface area of described two sides be more than the cylinder The area that body halfbody clamping mechanism is surrounded in the projection in the side surface direction, it is fixed respectively on described two sides to pacify Equipped with a set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism.
2. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism bag Lower supporting plate, jacking block, hydraulic cylinder, push pedal and compressor arm are included, the lower supporting plate and jacking block are in integrally horizontal platy structure, and Entirety is vertically connected on the side of fulcrum bearing;The base plate and jacking block are to set at the short transverse interval of the side Put, and the upper surface of the lower supporting plate is the bearing-surface put off for horizontal supporting cylinder body halfbody and for the cylinder body halfbody;Institute State and be vertically installed with jacking block the hydraulic cylinder, the push rod of the hydraulic cylinder is vertically extended down and after the jacking block Position between jacking block and lower supporting plate;The lower end of the push rod is vertically fixedly connected with overall described in the horizontal tabular of bar shaped Push pedal, the length direction of the push pedal is parallel with the length direction for putting off the cylinder body halfbody on lower supporting plate;The push pedal Downside fixed vertical is installed with the compressor arm, and the compressor arm is spaced many along the push pedal length direction Root, and the lower surface of many compressor arms is for offseting with the upper horizontal face for putting off the cylinder body halfbody on lower supporting plate The seal face for connecing.
3. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bearing block includes mounting surface Plate, side plate and jacking block;The installation panel is vertically to be fixedly mounted on base and overall rectangular thick plate-like structure, and described Panel is installed for spaced two pieces side by side, is installed for two pieces and is installed with respectively on two surfaces mutually deviated from panel A set of cylinder body halfbody clamping mechanism, between the lateral side end of two pieces of installation panels the side plate is fixedly connected with;The mounting surface The top of plate and side plate is fixedly connected with the jacking block;The installation panel, enclose between side plate and jacking block and be formed with hollow structure.
4. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The bottom face for installing panel sets Screwed hole is equipped with, and the screwed hole is spaced multiple in the bottom face length direction for installing panel;Pass through on the base Wear and be equipped with the through hole corresponding with the screwed hole;It is connected with screw in the through hole and screwed hole to cause that panel and bottom are installed Seat is fixedly linked.
5. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:On the top end face for installing panel It is provided with multiple screwed holes spaced along the top end face length direction;The top for being provided with the jacking block and installing panel Multiple screwed holes on face are bored a hole correspondingly;It is connected with screw in the perforation and screwed hole to cause that panel and jacking block are installed It is fixedly linked.
6. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cylinder halfbody clamping mechanism includes It is fixedly mounted on the vertical fixed mechanism and horizontal fixed mechanism of bearing block side;The vertical fixed mechanism includes upper fixed machine Structure and lower fixed mechanism;Wherein,
Fixed mechanism includes lever cylinder and the compression leg being engaged with the lever cylinder;The lever cylinder includes piston cylinder, work Stopper rod, briquetting and a block;One end of the piston rod is arranged at piston cylinder inside and with piston end plate, the piston end plate with The inner wall sealing of piston cylinder is connected, and piston cylinder inner chamber is divided into into lock sealing chamber and annular seal space is unclamped, and the locking is close Envelope chamber and release annular seal space are connected respectively by pipeline with the sealing of hydraulic pressure input structure;The other end of the piston rod runs through piston Cylinder is simultaneously extended outside piston cylinder, and is hinged with one end of the briquetting of strip, the middle part of the briquetting length direction with One end of described block of strip is hinged, and the other end of described block is connected to and is fixedly connected on connecting seat;The pressure The other end of block is to compress end;Outer end on the compression leg away from bearing block side is cramping end, and the cramping end is pointed to described Compress end, and the cramping end and compress the flange of minimum clearance between end and the upside of the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off Thickness matches;
The lever cylinder and compression leg are corresponding with the upper flange of piston/cylinder halfbody in the horizontal spaced at least two Group;
The lower fixed mechanism is integrally located at the lower section of fixed mechanism, and the lower fixed mechanism includes what is be horizontally arranged at interval At least two support columns;The support column is vertically fixed on bearing block side, and the upper surface of the support column is for level The bearing-surface for holding cylinder body halfbody and putting off for the cylinder body halfbody;
The lateral ends fixed mechanism includes side block bar, and the side block bar holds to be vertically fixed on bearing block side and being distributed in Pouring weight side transverse ends, and for offset at least two of end face of cylinder body halfbody.
7. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The lower fixed mechanism also includes institute State lever cylinder and the compression leg;The cramping end and compress end between minimum clearance and the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off Downside thickness of flange matches;The lever cylinder and compression leg be in the horizontal with the lower side flange phase of the piston/cylinder halfbody of traverse Correspondence is spaced at least two groups.
8. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Also include being arranged at fixed mechanism The jacking mechanism of position and lower fixed mechanism between, the jacking mechanism includes being vertically fixed on the top hydraulic oil of bearing block side Cylinder, the outer end of the piston rod of the top hydraulic jack be on the piston/cylinder halfbody for laterally putting off for compressing just to it is vertical Plane pushes against end;The top hydraulic jack is in the horizontal spaced at least one.
9. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hydraulic pressure input structure includes holding Pouring weight, the bearing block is obtained for metal thick plate material, and the fluid path to be formed is worn inside bearing block;The liquid leads to The one end on road is the arrival end positioned at the bearing block top end face, and the other end of the hydraulic path is and the clamping machine of cylinder body halfbody The connected output end of hydraulic cylinder sealing in structure.
10. automobile engine cylinder-body fixture according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:It is also heavy including being fixedly connected on Jacking block at the top of block, the surrounding of the jacking block at the top of screw and bearing block by being fixedly linked;Hang down the upper surface of the jacking block Straight sealing is fixedly installed liquid input tube, and the outer end of the liquid input tube has flange terminal pad;Positioned at the liquid The upper surface of the jacking block in input pipe is provided with liquid input hole, and the lower surface of the jacking block is provided with and the arrival end Corresponding liquid delivery outlet, the inside of the jacking block wears to be formed with and connects the liquid input hole with the liquid delivery outlet Fluid path.
CN201610918496.XA 2016-10-21 2016-10-21 Automobile engine cylinder body clamp Pending CN106624910A (en)

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CN107282514A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-10-24 无锡翔隆机电股份有限公司 Engine cylinder-body cylinder cap rotary drum washer
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CN117340657A (en) * 2023-12-06 2024-01-05 潍柴动力股份有限公司 Positioning tool and cylinder cover machining positioning method

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CN107282514A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-10-24 无锡翔隆机电股份有限公司 Engine cylinder-body cylinder cap rotary drum washer
CN107914155A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-04-17 苏州臻嘉辰精密机械有限公司 A kind of rotary table component of knuckle
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CN110076597A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-08-02 芜湖永裕汽车工业股份有限公司 Engine cylinder cap oil sealing hole and camshaft hole fixture for processing and processing method
CN113909954A (en) * 2021-09-07 2022-01-11 上海诺倬力机电科技有限公司 Non-standard clamp device of clamp body and inlay processing device
CN117340657A (en) * 2023-12-06 2024-01-05 潍柴动力股份有限公司 Positioning tool and cylinder cover machining positioning method

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