CN106617279A - Method and device for controlling frequencies - Google Patents

Method and device for controlling frequencies Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106617279A
CN106617279A CN201610891346A CN201610891346A CN106617279A CN 106617279 A CN106617279 A CN 106617279A CN 201610891346 A CN201610891346 A CN 201610891346A CN 201610891346 A CN201610891346 A CN 201610891346A CN 106617279 A CN106617279 A CN 106617279A
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China
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material
remaining
feed
end
stage
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CN201610891346A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106617279B (en
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马悦军
李晓堂
刘�东
刘玉斌
赵彬
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张家口卷烟厂有限责任公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24CMACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
    • A24C5/00Making cigarettes; Making tipping materials for, or attaching filters or mouthpieces to, cigars or cigarettes
    • A24C5/32Separating, ordering, counting, or examining cigarettes; Regulating the feeding of tobacco according to rod or cigarette condition

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a device for controlling frequencies. The method includes sequentially dividing materials in stem storage cabinets into head stages, middle stages and tail stages from discharge ends of the stem storage cabinets according to remaining discharge proportions of the stem storage cabinets; determining the stages of the materials according to the remaining discharge proportions when bottom belts in the stem storage cabinets move; adjusting the frequencies of the bottom belts by the aid of corresponding preset rules according to the stages of the materials. The method and the device have the advantages that flow output of electronic scales can be automatically tracked by change of the frequencies of the bottom belts, accordingly, great fluctuation of real-time flow of the electronic scales can be prevented, the materials can be stably supplied by quantitative pipes, and the stem storage cabinets are uniform in discharge flow.

Description

频率控制的方法及装置 The method and frequency control means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及卷烟自动化领域,特别是涉及一种频率控制的方法及装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of automated cigarette, particularly to a method and apparatus for frequency control.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 卷烟生产过程中,制梗丝包括投梗、一次润梗、储梗、二次润梗、切梗、梗丝膨胀、加香等工序。 [0002] cigarette production process, including cast stem made midribs, stems run time, storage stem, the secondary run stems, cut stems, midribs expansion, perfuming processes. 其中二次润梗是制梗丝过程中的重要工序,通过刮板回潮机将储梗后的烟梗再次加温加湿,提高烟梗的整体柔韧性。 Wherein the second stem is an important step of the production run midribs process, the squeegee resurgence machine stems stems again after a reservoir heated humidification to improve the overall flexibility of the stems. 储梗柜与电子秤、定量管等设备配合使用起到存放、均衡物料水分、稳定物料流量的作用。 Terrier storage cabinet and electronic scales, pipes and other equipment used in conjunction with a quantitative storage functions, the role of material moisture equilibrium, stable material flow.

[0003] 生产过程中,电子秤根据设定流量自动控制烟梗流量,定量管依据烟梗来料情况自动启停进料布带,电子秤的控制能力较强,满足卷烟工艺规范要求。 [0003] The production process, according to the setting of automatic control electronic scale flow rate flow stems, stem dispensing tube according to the automatic start and stop the incoming feed the tape, a strong ability to control the electronic scale, process specifications to meet the requirements of the cigarette. 但在日常生产中,会发生储梗柜出料流量不均匀,电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,定量管供料不足有时会出现断流等现象。 But in the daily production will occur unevenly storage cabinet stem the flow of material, electronic scales large fluctuations in real-time traffic, lack of quantitative feeding tube temporarily dried up and so on.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 基于此,有必要提供一种频率控制的方法及装置,对底带的频率自动调整,使定量管供料流量稳定。 [0004] Based on this, it is necessary to provide a method and apparatus for controlling the frequency, the frequency band is automatically adjusted end of the dispensing tube feed flow stability.

[0005] 一种频率控制的方法,包括: [0005] A frequency control method, comprising:

[0006] 根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段; [0006] The proportion of the remaining stem material storage cabinet in the storage cabinet stems turn divided material from the discharge end of the storage box with a stem head feed stage, the feed phase and the end phase material;

[0007] 在储梗柜中的底带移动时,根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料所在的阶段; [0007] In the bottom of the storage cabinet stems belt moves according to the residual material discharge ratio determination stage is located;

[0008] 根据物料所在的阶段采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率。 [0008] The adjustment of the frequency corresponding to a preset rule depending on the stage of the bottom band material is located.

[0009] 在其中一个实施例中,所述料头阶段包括出料平滑端及与出料平滑端衔接的料头斜坡,所述料尾阶段包料尾斜坡,所述料中阶段包括料头斜坡与料尾斜坡的料中部分。 [0009] In one embodiment, the feed phase comprises a discharge head end and a smooth discharge of the smooth end adapter feedblock ramp, the package material feed stage tail end of the ramp, the feed phase comprises a feed head the material feed end of ramp portion of the ramp.

[0010] 在其中一个实施例中,当根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料头阶段时,所述采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率具体为: [0010] In one embodiment, when the material according to the ratio of the remaining material is determined during the first phase of the material, the use frequency corresponds to the predefined rules governing the bottom band is specifically:

[0011] 检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第一预设值; [0011] The current remaining ratio of the material is greater than a first predetermined value;

[0012] 若是,则设置底带的频率为预设的初始值; [0012] If, bottom frequency band is set to a preset initial value;

[0013] 检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第二预设值,所述第二预设值小于所述第一预设值; [0013] The current remaining ratio of the material is greater than a second predetermined value, said second predetermined value smaller than the first predetermined value;

[0014] 若是,则以预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积作为底带的频率。 [0014] If, places a preset initial value and the current remaining as the product of the proportions of the bottom frequency band.

[0015] 在其中一个实施例中,当根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料中阶段时,所述采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率具体为: [0015] In one embodiment, when the remaining material according to the determined ratio when the material feed stage, the use of a frequency corresponding to the predetermined rules governing the bottom band is specifically:

[0016] 设计底带的频率为预设频率值; Frequency [0016] Design of the bottom band is a predetermined frequency value;

[0017] 根据定量管的低位光电管的状态对所述预设频率值进行调整。 [0017] the adjustment of said predetermined frequency value in accordance with the state of the lower tube quantitative photocell.

[0018] 在其中一个实施例中,当根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料尾阶段时,所述采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率具体为: [0018] In one embodiment, when the material according to the ratio of the remaining material is determined at the end of stage material, the use frequency corresponds to the predefined rules governing the bottom band is specifically:

[0019] 设置底带的频率为所述预设的初始值减去所述预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积。 Frequency [0019] band is provided on the bottom of the preset initial value minus the preset initial value of the current remaining in the product of the proportions.

[0020]以上所述频率控制的方法根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段,在不同的阶段自动调整底带的频率,使底带频率的变化自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,防止电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,使定量管供料稳定,使储梗柜出料流量均匀。 [0020] The method according to the above frequency control of the ratio of the remaining stem material storage cabinet in the storage cabinet stems turn divided material from the discharge end of the storage box with a stem head feed stage, the feed phase and feed the end phase, automatically adjusting the frequency of different stages of the bottom band, so that the frequency changes automatically with the bottom trace output flow of electronic scales, electronic scales to prevent large fluctuations in real-time traffic, the dosing tube feeding stable, so that the storage cabinet stem uniform material flow.

[0021] —种频率控制的装置,包括: [0021] - means for controlling the frequency of species, comprising:

[0022] 划分模块,用于根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段; [0022] dividing module, according to the ratio of the remaining stem material storage cabinet cabinet Reserve stem material from the discharge end of the storage cabinet stem sequentially divided into first feed stage, the feed phase and the end phase material;

[0023] 确定模块,用于在储梗柜中的底带移动时,根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料所在的阶段; [0023] determining module, is used for the bottom of the storage cabinet with stem movement, the proportions determined according to the stage where the material remaining out;

[0024]调整模块,用于根据物料所在的阶段采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率。 [0024] The adjustment module configured to use the rule corresponding to a predetermined phase of the material is situated under the bottom of adjusting the frequency band.

[0025] 在其中一个实施例中,所述料头阶段包括出料平滑端及与出料平滑端衔接的料头斜坡,所述料尾阶段包料尾斜坡,所述料中阶段包括料头斜坡与料尾斜坡的料中部分。 [0025] In one embodiment, the feed phase comprises a discharge head end and a smooth discharge of the smooth end adapter feedblock ramp, the package material feed stage tail end of the ramp, the feed phase comprises a feed head the material feed end of ramp portion of the ramp.

[0026] 在其中一个实施例中,当所述确定模块根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料头阶段时,所述调整模块还用于检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第一预设值,若是,则设置底带的频率为预设的初始值,否则,检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第二预设值,所述第二预设值小于所述第一预设值,若是,则以预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积作为底带的频率。 [0026] In one embodiment, when the determining module determines the proportions of materials at the stage of feeding head, the adjustment module is further configured for detecting the residual feed ratio is greater than a first predetermined value according to the remaining out if yes, the bottom frequency band set to a preset initial value or the detected current remaining ratio of the material is greater than a second predetermined value, said second predetermined value smaller than the first predetermined value, if yes, It places a preset initial value and the current product of the proportions remaining the frequency band as a substrate.

[0027] 在其中一个实施例中,当所述确定模块根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料中阶段时,所述调整模块还用于设计底带的频率为预设频率值,根据定量管的低位光电管的状态对所述预设频率值进行调整。 [0027] In one embodiment, when the module is determined based on the ratio of the remaining discharge time of the material in the feed stage is determined, said frequency adjustment module is further designed for the bottom frequency band is a predetermined value, according to the quantitative state photocell lower tube of the predetermined frequency adjustment value.

[0028] 在其中一个实施例中,当所述确定模块根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料尾阶段时,所述调整模块还用于设置底带的频率为所述预设的初始值减去所述预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积。 [0028] In one embodiment, when the determining module determines the proportions of materials at the feed end of the stage, the adjustment module is further configured to set the initial value for the frequency band to the bottom in accordance with the preset remaining out subtracting the initial preset value and the current remaining in the product of the proportions.

[0029]以上所述频率控制的装置根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段,在不同的阶段自动调整底带的频率,使底带频率的变化自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,防止电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,使定量管供料稳定,使储梗柜出料流量均匀。 [0029] The above-described frequency control device according to the remaining proportion of the stem material storage cabinet in the storage cabinet stems turn divided material from the discharge end of the storage box with a stem head feed stage, the feed phase and feed the end phase, automatically adjusting the frequency of different stages of the bottom band, so that the frequency changes automatically with the bottom trace output flow of electronic scales, electronic scales to prevent large fluctuations in real-time traffic, the dosing tube feeding stable, so that the storage cabinet stem uniform material flow.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030]图1为储梗柜物料模型的划分示意图; [0030] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of dividing stem storage cabinet model material;

[0031]图2为流量监控示意图; [0031] FIG. 2 is a schematic flow monitoring;

[0032]图3为一实施例的频率控制方法的流程示意图; [0032] FIG. 3 is a frequency control method according to the flow schematic embodiment;

[0033]图4为一实施例的频率控制装置的结构示意图。 [0033] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a frequency control device configuration.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0034] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0034] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0035]如图1所示,本实施例根据储梗柜的结构特点,对储梗柜的物料模块进行了划分,将其划分为三个阶段,如图1中所示,依次为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段。 [0035] 1, the structural characteristics of the present embodiment of the storage cabinet stem, the stem of the storage cabinet module has been divided material, which is divided into three stages, as shown in FIG. 1, the order of the first material phase, phase and compound phase material tail.

[0036] 根据储梗柜的结构特点,分配行车布料后,储梗柜内物料呈现一定坡度,因此储梗柜出料时,底带频率应该相应的调整,保证定量管供料流量的稳定性。 When [0036] The structural characteristics of the storage cabinet stems, after allocating traffic cloth, storage cabinet stem material exhibits a certain slope, and therefore the material storage cabinet stem, bottom band frequency should be adjusted to ensure the stability of flow feed dispensing tube .

[0037]目前,通用梗的生产过程中,操作工需要结合生产经验人为设定底带频率,出料时,底带初始频率调整为50Hz,随着储梗柜出料端烟梗的增多,频率调整为30-35HZ。 [0037] Currently, common stalk production process, the operator needs to manually set the end of production experience combined with frequency, while the material, the bottom with an initial frequency adjustment is 50Hz, stem storage cabinet with the discharge end of the stem increases, adjust the frequency 30-35HZ. 但生产前定量管预铺料时间短,生产过程中由于人为设定的频率值、更改频率时间节点不准确,储梗柜中底带频率的变化不能自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,导致定量管不同程度出现供料不足的现象,如图2所示,料头阶段及料尾阶段时流量波动十分明显,由于供料流量不稳定,会造成设备频繁启停,存在堵料、断流隐患问题。 However, the production of pre-coated material prior to dispensing tube short time, the production process due frequency value set manually, the frequency change time node is not accurate, change stems storage cabinet bottom frequency band does not flow automatically track the output electronic scales, leading to the dispensing tube the phenomenon of varying degrees of lack of supply, as shown, when the first phase of material and material flow fluctuations End stage 2 is very obvious, since the feed flow instability will cause the device to start and stop frequently, there is a blocking material, drying up hidden problems .

[0038] 为此,如图3所示,一实施例的频率控制方法包括步骤S120至步骤S160。 For this purpose, as shown in Figure [0038] 3, a frequency control method embodiment includes the step S120 to step S160.

[0039] 步骤S120,根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段; [0039] In step S120, the remaining proportion of the material according to the storage of the storage cabinet stem stems from the cabinet in the material discharge end of the storage cabinet stem sequentially divided into first feed stage, the feed phase and the end phase material;

[0040] 步骤S140,在储梗柜中的底带移动时,根据剩余出料比例确定物料所在的阶段; [0040] step S140, the storage time of the end of the stem with a mobile cabinet, according to the proportion of the remaining material is determined where the feed stage;

[0041] 步骤S160,根据物料所在的阶段采用对应预设的规则调整底带的频率。 [0041] step S160, the using frequency adjustment corresponding to a preset rule depending on the stage of the bottom material strip is located.

[0042]以上所述频率控制的方法根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段,在不同的阶段自动调整底带的频率,使底带频率的变化自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,防止电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,使定量管供料稳定,使储梗柜出料流量均匀。 [0042] The method according to the above frequency control of the ratio of the remaining stem material storage cabinet in the storage cabinet stems turn divided material from the discharge end of the storage box with a stem head feed stage, the feed phase and feed the end phase, automatically adjusting the frequency of different stages of the bottom band, so that the frequency changes automatically with the bottom trace output flow of electronic scales, electronic scales to prevent large fluctuations in real-time traffic, the dosing tube feeding stable, so that the storage cabinet stem uniform material flow.

[0043] 其中,料头阶段包括出料平滑端及与出料平滑端衔接的料头斜坡,料尾阶段包料尾斜坡,料中阶段包括料头斜坡与料尾斜坡的料中部分。 [0043] wherein the first phase comprises a material feed end and a smooth discharge of the smooth end adapter feedblock ramp, feed and materials tail end of the ramp phase, the feed phase comprises a material feed head and the tail ramp of the ramp portion compound. 明显的,料中部分为为两个斜坡连接的平滑的一段。 Obviously, part of the compound as a smooth section of two slopes connected. 其中,如图1所示,剩余出料比例以整体物料的长度作为100%,出料平滑端与料头斜坡连接处的剩余出料比例为mo %,料头斜坡与料中部分连接处的剩余出料比例为mi%,料尾斜坡与料中部分连接处的剩余出料比例为m2%。 Wherein, as shown in FIG. 1, the remaining proportion of the overall length of the feed material as 100%, the ratio of the discharge end of the runner smoothly connected to the ramp at the discharge of the remaining Mo% feedblock ramp is connected at a feed portion the remaining material was the proportion mi%, the remaining proportion of the material feed to the feed end of the ramp portion of the junction m2%.

[0044] 其中,当根据剩余出料比例确定物料在料头阶段时,即如图1所示,当前的剩余出料比例大于m %时,采用对应预设的规则调整底带的频率具体为: [0044] wherein, when the material is determined at the first stage the material, i.e., 1, the remaining discharge current ratio is greater than m% based on the remaining proportion of the material, using the adjustment rule corresponding to a predetermined frequency band specific to bottom :

[0045] 检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第一预设值; [0045] The current remaining ratio of the material is greater than a first predetermined value;

[0046] 若是,则设置底带的频率为预设的初始值; [0046] If, bottom frequency band is set to a preset initial value;

[0047] 检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第二预设值,所述第二预设值小于所述第一预设值; [0047] The current remaining ratio of the material is greater than a second predetermined value, said second predetermined value smaller than the first predetermined value;

[0048] 若是,则以预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积作为底带的频率。 [0048] If, places a preset initial value and the current remaining as the product of the proportions of the bottom frequency band.

[0049]由于出料是按照料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段依次进行,因此,首先为料头阶段,若当前剩余出料比例大于第一预设值mQ%,则表示为出料平滑端,此时,底带的频率f通常为预设的初始值50Hz,;若当前剩余出料比例小于第一预设值且大于第二预设值则表示为料头阶段,则底带的频率f设置为预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积,即f = 50¾%。 [0049] Since the discharge is sequentially performed in accordance with the first phase material, and the material feed end of the stage the stage, and therefore, for the first stage of the first material, the residual material if the current ratio is greater than a first predetermined value mQ%, expressed as the discharge smooth end, this time, with the end of the frequency f is generally a preset initial value, if the current remaining 50Hz ,; the feed ratio is less than a first predetermined value and greater than a second predetermined value as said first stage material, the bottom with the frequency f is set to a preset initial value and the current remaining ratio of the product material, i.e., f = 50¾%.

[0050] 其中,当根据剩余出料比例确定物料在料中阶段时,即如图1所示,当前的剩余出料比例大于m2%且小于mi %时,采用对应预设的规则调整底带的频率具体为: [0050] wherein, when it is determined at the material feed stage, i.e. 1, the discharge current remaining ratio is greater than and less than m2% mi% based on the remaining proportion of the material, corresponding to a preset rule employed with the bottom adjustment specifically frequency:

[0051] 设计底带的频率为预设频率值; Frequency [0051] Design of the bottom band is a predetermined frequency value;

[0052] 根据定量管的低位光电管的状态对预设频率值进行调整。 [0052] adjusted according to the state of a preset frequency value of the lower photocell of the dispensing tube.

[0053] 本实施例中,预设频率值为理论频率fi,并可以通过定量管中的低位光电的状态调整预设频率值。 [0053] In this embodiment, theoretical frequency value preset frequency Fi, and may be adjusted lower by a preset frequency value of the quantitative state photoelectric tube. 优选的,当光电管的状态为低光无料时,每间隔时间t秒增加Af (Hz) ,Af可以是一个固定的数值,具体可以依据实际应用进行数据确定选择。 Preferably, when the state of the photocell light when no material is low, the increase per time interval t seconds Af (Hz), Af may be a fixed value, the specific data can be determined based on actual application selection. 当光电管的状态为低光有料时,底带频率不需要变化。 When the state of the photocells have a low light material, the bottom frequency band does not need to change. 当光电管的状态为低光有料2秒时,则每间隔时间t秒减少A f (Hz)。 When the state of the photocells have a low light feed 2 seconds, the time is decreased every t seconds interval A f (Hz). 当光电管的状态为中光有料2秒,则调整底带频率为O。 When the state of the light photocell with a feed 2 seconds, the adjustment of the bottom band frequency is O.

[0054]可以知道的是,在卷烟设备中,储梗柜与电子秤、定量管等设备配合使用,定时管中设置有低位光电管用于对物料进行检测,均为常规应用,本实施例不再具体说明。 [0054] could be known, cigarette apparatus, storage cabinets and electronic scales stems, and other equipment used in conjunction with the dispensing tube, the tube is provided with a timer lower photocell for detecting materials, are routinely used, the present example embodiment is not more specific instructions.

[0055] 其中,当根据剩余出料比例确定物料在料尾阶段时,即如图1所示,当前的剩余出料比例小于m2%时,采用对应预设的规则调整底带的频率具体为: [0055] wherein, when it is determined at the material feed end of the stage, i.e., 1, the current remaining ratio of the material is less than m2% based on the remaining proportion of the material, using the adjustment rule corresponding to a predetermined frequency band specific to bottom :

[0056] 设置底带的频率为预设的初始值减去预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积。 Frequency [0056] provided with the bottom is the product of a preset initial value minus the preset initial value of the discharge current remaining ratio.

[0057] 即当物料在料尾阶段时,底带的频率f = 50-50¾% =50 (lm%)。 [0057] That is, when the material at the feed end of the stage, the end of the frequency band f = 50-50¾% = 50 (lm%).

[0058]明显的,通过对以上三个阶段对应底带频率的调整,可以避免坡度对出料时的影响,使底带频率的变化自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,防止电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,使定量管供料稳定,使储梗柜出料流量均匀。 [0058] Obviously, by adjusting the frequency band corresponding to the bottom of the above three phases, the influence can be avoided when the discharge slope of the frequency change with automatic bottom trace output flow of electronic scales, electronic scales to prevent substantial real-time traffic fluctuation, the dosing tube feeding stable, so that the storage cabinet stem uniform material flow.

[0059] 如图4所示,一实施例的频率控制的装置包括划分模块120、确定模块140和调整模块160。 [0059] As shown in FIG 4, a frequency control device of an embodiment comprises dividing module 120, a determining module 140 and the adjusting module 160.

[0060] 划分模块120用于根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段; [0060] The module 120 is divided according to the ratio of the remaining stem material storage cabinet cabinet Reserve stem material from the discharge end of the storage cabinet stem sequentially divided into first feed stage, the feed phase and the end phase material;

[0061] 确定模块140用于在储梗柜中的底带移动时,根据剩余出料比例确定物料所在的阶段; [0061] The determining module 140 for storing a bottom cabinet belt moving stem, the proportion of the remaining material is determined according to the stage where the material;

[0062]调整模块160用于根据物料所在的阶段采用对应预设的规则调整底带的频率。 [0062] The use of the adjustment module 160 for adjusting the frequency corresponding to a preset rule depending on the stage of the bottom material strip is located.

[0063]以上所述频率控制的装置根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段,在不同的阶段自动调整底带的频率,使底带频率的变化自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,防止电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,使定量管供料稳定,使储梗柜出料流量均匀。 [0063] The above-described frequency control device according to the remaining proportion of the stem material storage cabinet in the storage cabinet stems turn divided material from the discharge end of the storage box with a stem head feed stage, the feed phase and feed the end phase, automatically adjusting the frequency of different stages of the bottom band, so that the frequency changes automatically with the bottom trace output flow of electronic scales, electronic scales to prevent large fluctuations in real-time traffic, the dosing tube feeding stable, so that the storage cabinet stem uniform material flow.

[0064] 其中,料头阶段包括出料平滑端及与出料平滑端衔接的料头斜坡,料尾阶段包料尾斜坡,料中阶段包括料头斜坡与料尾斜坡的料中部分。 [0064] wherein the first phase comprises a material feed end and a smooth discharge of the smooth end adapter feedblock ramp, feed and materials tail end of the ramp phase, the feed phase comprises a material feed head and the tail ramp of the ramp portion compound. 明显的,料中部分为为两个斜坡连接的平滑的一段。 Obviously, part of the compound as a smooth section of two slopes connected. 其中,如图1所示,剩余出料比例以整体物料的长度作为100%,出料平滑端与料头斜坡连接处的剩余出料比例为mo %,料头斜坡与料中部分连接处的剩余出料比例为mi%,料尾斜坡与料中部分连接处的剩余出料比例为m2%。 Wherein, as shown in FIG. 1, the remaining proportion of the overall length of the feed material as 100%, the ratio of the discharge end of the runner smoothly connected to the ramp at the discharge of the remaining Mo% feedblock ramp is connected at a feed portion the remaining material was the proportion mi%, the remaining proportion of the material feed to the feed end of the ramp portion of the junction m2%.

[0065] 其中,当确定模块根据剩余出料比例确定物料在料头阶段时,即如图1所示,当前的剩余出料比例大于血^时,调整模块还用于检测当前剩余出料比例是否小于第一预设值,若是,则设置底带的频率为预设的初始值,否则,检测当前剩余出料比例是否小于第二预设值,若是,则以预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积作为底带的频率。 [0065] wherein, when a module is determined according to the proportion of the remaining material is determined while the material feeding head stage, i.e. 1, the current ratio is greater than the material remaining blood ^, adjustment module is further for detecting a residual current discharge ratio is smaller than a first predetermined value, if the frequency band is set to the end of the preset initial value, otherwise, the discharge current remaining ratio detected is smaller than a second predetermined value, and if so, places a preset initial value and the current the product of the proportions remaining the frequency band as a substrate.

[0066]由于出料是按照料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段依次进行,因此,首先为料头阶段,若当前剩余出料比例大于第一预设值mQ%,则表示为出料平滑端,此时,底带的频率f通常为预设的初始值50Hz,;若当前剩余出料比例小于第一预设值且大于第二预设值m%,则表示为料头阶段,则底带的频率f设置为预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积,即f = 50¾%。 [0066] Since the discharge is sequentially performed in accordance with the first phase material, and the material feed end of the stage the stage, and therefore, for the first stage of the first material, the residual material if the current ratio is greater than a first predetermined value mQ%, expressed as the discharge smooth end, this time, with the end of the frequency f is generally a preset initial value if the current 50Hz ,; discharge residual proportion is less than first predetermined value and greater than a second predetermined value m%, expressed as the material first stage, the bottom with frequency f to a preset initial set value and the current remaining ratio of the product material, i.e., f = 50¾%.

[0067] 其中,当确定模块根据剩余出料比例确定物料在料中阶段时,即如图1所示,当前的剩余出料比例大于m2%且小于血^时,调整模块还用于设计底带的频率为预设频率值,根据定量管的低位光电管的状态对预设频率值进行调整。 [0067] wherein, when the determining module determines when the material feed stage, i.e. 1, the discharge current remaining ratio is greater than and less than m2% ^ The residual blood ratio of the material, the adjustment module is further used to design the bottom frequency band is a predetermined frequency value, to adjust the predetermined low frequency value depending on the state of the photocell dispensing tube.

[0068] 本实施例中,预设频率值为理论频率f I,并可以通过定量管中的低位光电的状态调整预设频率值。 [0068] In this embodiment, the predetermined theoretical frequency value of the frequency f I, and may be adjusted lower by a preset frequency value of the quantitative state photoelectric tube. 优选的,当光电管的状态为低光无料时,每间隔时间t秒增加Af (Hz) ,Af可以是一个固定的数值,具体可以依据实际应用进行数据确定选择。 Preferably, when the state of the photocell light when no material is low, the increase per time interval t seconds Af (Hz), Af may be a fixed value, the specific data can be determined based on actual application selection. 当光电管的状态为低光有料时,底带频率不需要变化。 When the state of the photocells have a low light material, the bottom frequency band does not need to change. 当光电管的状态为低光有料2秒时,则每间隔时间t秒减少A f (Hz)。 When the state of the photocells have a low light feed 2 seconds, the time is decreased every t seconds interval A f (Hz). 当光电管的状态为中光有料2秒,则调整底带频率为O。 When the state of the light photocell with a feed 2 seconds, the adjustment of the bottom band frequency is O.

[0069]可以知道的是,在卷烟设备中,储梗柜与电子秤、定量管等设备配合使用,定时管中设置有低位光电管用于对物料进行检测,均为常规应用,本实施例不再具体说明。 [0069] could be known, cigarette apparatus, storage cabinets and electronic scales stems, and other equipment used in conjunction with the dispensing tube, the tube is provided with a timer lower photocell for detecting materials, are routinely used, the present example embodiment is not more specific instructions.

[0070] 其中,当确定模块根据剩余出料比例确定物料在料尾阶段时,即如图1所示,当前的剩余出料比例小于m2%时,调整模块还用于设置底带的频率为预设的初始值减去预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积。 [0070] wherein, when it is determined that the remaining proportion of the material when the material is determined in the end phase of the material, i.e., module 1 according to the current ratio of the remaining material is less than m2%, a frequency adjustment module is further provided with a bottom is preset initial value minus the preset initial value of the current remaining in the product of the proportions.

[0071] 即当物料在料尾阶段时,底带的频率f = 50-50¾% =50 (lm%)。 [0071] That is, when the material at the feed end of the stage, the end of the frequency band f = 50-50¾% = 50 (lm%).

[0072]明显的,通过对以上三个阶段对应底带频率的调整,可以避免坡度对出料时的影响,使底带频率的变化自动跟踪电子秤流量的输出,防止电子秤实时流量大幅度波动,使定量管供料稳定,使储梗柜出料流量均匀。 [0072] Obviously, by adjusting the frequency band corresponding to the bottom of the above three phases, the influence can be avoided when the discharge slope of the frequency change with automatic bottom trace output flow of electronic scales, electronic scales to prevent substantial real-time traffic fluctuation, the dosing tube feeding stable, so that the storage cabinet stem uniform material flow.

[0073]以上所述实施例的各技术特征可以进行任意的组合,为使描述简洁,未对上述实施例中的各个技术特征所有可能的组合都进行描述,然而,只要这些技术特征的组合不存在矛盾,都应当认为是本说明书记载的范围。 [0073] each of the above embodiments of the technical features of any combination can be, for the brevity, not each of the technical features of the embodiments described above are all the possible combinations will be described, however, as long as the combination of these features is not contradiction, they are to be considered in the scope described in this specification.

[0074]以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对发明专利范围的限制。 [0074] Expression of the above-described embodiments are only several embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood to limit the scope of the invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1.一种频率控制的方法,其特征在于,包括: 根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段; 在储梗柜中的底带移动时,根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料所在的阶段; 根据物料所在的阶段采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率。 1. A method of frequency control characterized by comprising: the ratio of the remaining stem material storage cabinet cabinet Reserve stem material from the discharge end of the storage cabinet stem sequentially divided into first feed stage and the feed stage End feed stage; at the bottom of the storage cabinet stems belt moves according to the residual material discharge ratio determination stage located; using a corresponding predetermined rule depending on the stage where the adjustment of the material of the bottom frequency band.
2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述料头阶段包括出料平滑端及与出料平滑端衔接的料头斜坡,所述料尾阶段包料尾斜坡,所述料中阶段包括料头斜坡与料尾斜坡的料中部分。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said first phase comprises a material feed end and a smooth material feeding head ramp engagement with the smooth end, the package material feed stage tail end of the ramp, the material in stage comprises a feed head and feed partial stream of the tail ramp of the ramp.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,当根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料头阶段时,所述采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率具体为: 检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第一预设值; 若是,则设置底带的频率为预设的初始值; 检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第二预设值,所述第二预设值小于所述第一预设值; 若是,则以预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积作为底带的频率。 3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein, when the material according to the ratio of the remaining material is determined during the first phase of the material, corresponding to a preset rule to adjust the frequency of said bottom with the use of specific : detecting the discharge current remaining ratio is greater than a first predetermined value; if the frequency band is set to the end of the preset initial value; detecting the discharge current remaining ratio is greater than a second predetermined value, the second predetermined value is less than the first predetermined value; if so, places the current preset initial value remaining as the product of the proportions of the bottom frequency band.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,当根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料中阶段时,所述采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率具体为: 设计底带的频率为预设频率值; 根据定量管的低位光电管的状态对所述预设频率值进行调整。 4. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein, when the material according to the ratio of the remaining material is determined when the feed phase, using the adjustment rule corresponding to the predetermined frequency band specific to bottom : design of the bottom frequency band is a predetermined frequency value; adjusting the predetermined frequency value in accordance with the state of the lower photocell quantitative pipe.
5.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,当根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料尾阶段时,所述采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率具体为: 设置底带的频率为所述预设的初始值减去所述预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积。 5. The method according to claim 3, wherein, when the material according to the ratio of the remaining material is determined at the end of stage material, the use frequency corresponds to the predefined rules governing the bottom band is specifically: Set end of the frequency band of the preset initial value minus the preset initial value of the current remaining in the product of the proportions.
6.一种频率控制的装置,其特征在于,包括: 划分模块,用于根据储梗柜的剩余出料比例将储梗柜中的物料从储梗柜的出料端依次划分为料头阶段、料中阶段和料尾阶段; 确定模块,用于在储梗柜中的底带移动时,根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料所在的阶段; 调整模块,用于根据物料所在的阶段采用对应预设的规则调整所述底带的频率。 A frequency control apparatus, characterized by comprising: a dividing module, according to the ratio of the remaining stem material storage cabinet cabinet Reserve stem material from the discharge end of the storage cabinet stem sequentially divided into first feed stage , compound feed stage and stage tail; determining module for storing stems cabinet bottom belt moves, the proportions determined according to the stage where the residual material out; adjusting module for employing the corresponding materials according to the stage where adjusting the preset rule bottom frequency band.
7.根据权利要求6所述的装置,其特征在于,所述料头阶段包括出料平滑端及与出料平滑端衔接的料头斜坡,所述料尾阶段包料尾斜坡,所述料中阶段包括料头斜坡与料尾斜坡料中部分。 7. The device according to claim 6, wherein said first phase comprises a material feed end and a smooth material feeding head ramp engagement with the smooth end, the package material feed stage tail end of the ramp, the material in stage comprises feeding head feed ramp and the ramp portion of the end compound.
8.根据权利要求6或7所述的装置,其特征在于,当所述确定模块根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料头阶段时,所述调整模块还用于检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第一预设值,若是,则设置底带的频率为预设的初始值,否则,检测当前剩余出料比例是否大于第二预设值,所述第二预设值小于所述第一预设值,若是,则以预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积作为底带的频率。 8. The apparatus of claim 6 or claim 7, wherein the material when the proportions determined at the first stage material, the adjustment module is further configured to detect a current remaining ratio of the material according to the determination module out of the remaining is greater than a first predetermined value, if the frequency band is set to the end of the preset initial value, otherwise, the detected current is greater than the proportions remaining the second preset value, said second predetermined value smaller than the first a predetermined value, and if so, places a preset initial value and the current product of the proportions remaining the frequency band as a substrate.
9.根据权利要求6或7所述的装置,其特征在于,当所述确定模块根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料中阶段时,所述调整模块还用于设计底带的频率为预设频率值,根据定量管的低位光电管的状态对所述预设频率值进行调整。 9. The apparatus of claim 6 or claim 7, wherein, when said module is determined based on the ratio of the remaining discharge time of the material in the feed stage is determined, said frequency adjustment module is further used for the design of the bottom band preset frequency value, adjusting the predetermined frequency value in accordance with the state of the lower photocell quantitative pipe.
10.根据权利要求8所述的装置,其特征在于,当所述确定模块根据所述剩余出料比例确定物料在料尾阶段时,所述调整模块还用于设置底带的频率为所述预设的初始值减去所述预设的初始值与当前剩余出料比例的乘积。 10. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein, when said module is determined based on the ratio of the remaining discharge time of the material is determined in the end phase of the material, the adjustment module is further configured to set the frequency band to the bottom preset initial value minus the preset initial value of the current remaining in the product of the proportions.
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CN205540236U (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-31 红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司 Throwing workshop is with storing up cabinet ejection of compact intelligence control system

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