CN106562795A - Mobile X-ray machine and flat panel detector and imaging control apparatus therefor - Google Patents

Mobile X-ray machine and flat panel detector and imaging control apparatus therefor Download PDF

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CN106562795A
CN106562795A CN201510659293.9A CN201510659293A CN106562795A CN 106562795 A CN106562795 A CN 106562795A CN 201510659293 A CN201510659293 A CN 201510659293A CN 106562795 A CN106562795 A CN 106562795A
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flat panel
head
ray
detector
panel detector
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CN201510659293.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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张赞超
徐涛
倪丕祥
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深圳迈瑞生物医疗电子股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201510659293.9A priority Critical patent/CN106562795A/en
Publication of CN106562795A publication Critical patent/CN106562795A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a control method for a mobile X-ray machine, and the mobile X-ray machine. The control method for the mobile X-ray machine comprises the steps of detecting position information of a machine head and a flat panel detector on the mobile X-ray machine to obtain posture detection data; obtaining a position relation between the machine head and the flat panel detector according to the posture detection data; and outputting operation prompting information related to the position relation according to the position relation. By adoption of the control method for the mobile X-ray machine, error in man-power positioning is lowered, and positioning accuracy is improved, so that the shot image quality is further improved.

Description

移动式X光机及其平板探测器和成像控制装置 Mobile X-ray machine and the flat panel detector and imaging control device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及X射线成像技术领域,特别是涉及一种移动式X光机及其平板探测器和成像控制装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a technical field of X-ray imaging, in particular, it relates to a mobile X-ray machine and the flat panel detector and the imaging control device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 移动式X光机(例如移动DR)在工作中一般包括:设备推行、病人登记、摆位、曝光以及收起设备等几个步骤。 [0002] Mobile X-ray machine (such as a mobile DR) in operation generally comprising: a device implementation, patient registration, placement, and the exposure steps away equipment. 平板探测器放置在病人身下,在曝光之前,通过拉动机头对移动式X光机进行摆位,,确保X光的入射方向与平板探测器垂直,X光的光野与平板探测器上的辐射野重合。 Flat panel detector is placed in the patient body, prior to exposure, for placement of the mobile X-ray machine by pulling the head ,, ensure that the X-ray incident direction perpendicular to the flat panel detector, X-ray flat panel detector and the light field radiation field coincidence. 由于移动式X光机的平板探测器没有固定的片盒,机头调节是手动,无法确保X光的入射角与平板探测器垂直。 Since the mobile X-ray flat panel detector unit is not fixed cassette, the head is manually adjusted, the angle of incidence can not be secured to the plate perpendicular to the X-ray detector. 若X光的入射方向与平板探测器不垂直,会使得采集到图像各个方向畸变不一致,影响图像质量。 If the incident direction of the X-ray flat panel detector is not perpendicular to the respective directions will be collected so inconsistent image distortion, affecting the image quality. 图像质量严重的还可能会导致重拍,使得病人吸收更多无意义辐射。 The image quality may also lead to serious remake, so that the patient absorbs more radiation meaningless. 若X光的光野与平板探测器的辐射野不重合,则会造成辐射剂量的浪费。 If the radiation field of X-ray flat panel detector and the light field does not coincide, the radiation dose will result in a waste. 传统的移动DR摆位过程中,医护人员完全是凭着个人经验来调整机头和平板探测器的位置,容易导致位置偏差,影响拍摄的图像质量。 DR conventional mobile placement process, relying entirely on personal experience medical personnel to adjust the position of the head and the flat panel detector, easily lead to positional deviation, affecting the quality of the captured image.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 基于此,有必要提供一种能提高图像质量的移动式X光机及其成像控制装置。 [0003] Based on this, it is necessary to provide a mobile X-ray imaging and a control device capable of improving image quality. 本发明还可提供一种便于用户实现准确摆位的平板探测器。 The present invention also provides a user-friendly for accurate placement of the flat panel detector.

[0004] 一种移动式X光机的控制方法,所述方法包括: [0004] A control method for a mobile X-ray machine, the method comprising:

[0005] 检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据; [0005] The flat panel detector detecting head space and the posture information, generates a posture detection and posture information data head posture information of the flat panel detector;

[0006] 根据所述姿态检测数据获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系; [0006] to obtain the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector according to the gesture detection data;

[0007] 根据所述位置关系,输出有关所述位置关系的操作提示信息。 [0007] According to the positional relationship, the output operation prompt information about positional relationship.

[0008] -种移动式X光机的成像控制装置,所述装置包括: [0008] - control means for moving the imaging species X-ray machine, the apparatus comprising:

[0009] 位置检测模块,用于检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,据此获得机头与平板探测器的姿态检测数据;其中所述位置检测模块分别检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据; [0009] The position detecting means for detecting position information on the mobile X-ray head and the flat panel detector, the posture detection data thus obtained to the head with the flat plate detector; wherein said head position detection module detects and posture detection data space posture information of the flat panel detector, generates a head posture information and posture information of the flat panel detector;

[0010] 关系获取模块,用于根据所述机头与平板探测器的姿态检测数据获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系,并判断所述位置关系是否满足移动式X光机成像的预设要求;以及 [0010] relationship obtaining module, for obtaining the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector according to the posture of the detection data of the detector head to the plate, and determining the positional relationship satisfies the mobile X-ray imaging preset requirements; and

[0011] 信息输出模块,用于在机头与平板探测器的位置关系未满足预设要求时,输出调整机头与平板探测器的操作提示信息。 [0011] The information output module for the position relationship between the head and the flat panel detector does not satisfy a predetermined requirement, the output adjustment operation prompt information of the head and the flat panel detector.

[0012] -种移动式X光机,用于获取受试体的X光图像,其特征在于,所述移动式X光机包括:机头组件、平板探测器、定位检测器、控制模块以及提示模块;所述机头组件包括机头和X线限束器;其中, [0012] - Mobile X-ray machine types, for acquiring X-ray images of a subject, wherein the mobile X-ray machine comprising: a head assembly, the flat panel detector, positioning the detector, and the control module prompt module; said head assembly comprises a head and X-ray collimator; wherein,

[0013] 所述机头,用于产生X光; [0013] The handpiece for generating X-rays;

[0014] 所述X线限束器,用于调节X光的光野; [0014] The light field of X-ray collimator for adjusting the X-ray;

[0015] 所述平板探测器,用于接收机头产生的X光以形成所述X光图像; [0015] The flat panel detector, an X-receiver head to form the light generated by the X-ray image;

[0016] 所述定位检测器,用于检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,并据此获得机头与平板探测器的姿态检测数据; [0016] The orientation detector for detecting the position information of the head and the flat panel detector on a mobile X-ray machine, and the detection data thus obtained to the posture of the head with the flat panel detector;

[0017] 所述控制模块,用于依据所述姿态检测数据,确定机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系所述提示模块,用于输出有关所述位置关系的操作提示信息。 [0017] The control module is configured according to the detected attitude data to determine the positional relationship between the head and the flat plate detector prompt module configured to output information related to the operation prompt positional relationship.

[0018] -种X射线平板探测器,包括: [0018] - X-ray flat panel detector types, comprising:

[0019] 外壳; [0019] a housing;

[0020] 封装在所述外壳内的多个探测单元,所述探测单元用于接收X射线且基于所接收的X射线产生X图像;以及 [0020] In packaging a plurality of detection units within the housing, the detection unit is configured to receive X-rays and generates X-ray image based on the received X; and

[0021] 通讯单元,用于向与所述平板探测器通信的成像工作站传送X图像; [0021] communication unit for transmitting image to the X plate and the imaging probe communication station;

[0022] 所述X射线平板探测器还包括封装在所述外壳内的姿态传感器,所述姿态传感器用于检测平板探测器的空间位置,并据此生成包含平板探测器的姿态检测数据;所述平板探测器还通过所述通讯单元向所述成像工作站传送姿态检测数据。 [0022] The X-ray flat panel detector further including a package in the posture sensor within the housing, a posture sensor for detecting the spatial position of the flat panel detector, and accordingly generates the posture detection data comprises a flat panel detector; the said flat panel detector further conveyance posture detected data to the image forming station through the communication unit.

[0023] 上述移动式X光机,可以获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系;并根据位置关系输出操作提示信息。 [0023] The positional relationship between the mobile X-ray machine, the head can be obtained with the flat panel detector; and operative in accordance with a positional relationship between an output message. 通过操作提示信息辅助医护人员在摆位过程中有针对性的对X光机进行操作,相比完全依靠个人经验进行摆位,上述移动式X光机的控制方法,降低了人工摆位的误差提高摆位的精准度,进而提高了拍摄的图像质量。 By operating paramedics message targeted for X-ray machine is operated entirely on personal experiences compared to placement in the placement process, the control method of the mobile X-ray machine, reducing the error of placement of artificial improve placement accuracy, thereby improving the image quality shot.

[0024] 上述X射线平板探测器配备有姿态传感器,可检测自身在重力场和地磁场内的姿态,成像工作站在获知平板探测器的空间姿态后,可辅助医护人员对X光机进行摆位。 [0024] the X-ray flat panel detector is equipped with attitude sensor, can detect its own posture in the gravitational field and magnetic field, an imaging station after learning the spatial attitude of a flat panel detector, X-ray may be paramedics placement machine .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 图1为一个实施例中移动式X光机的控制方法的流程示意图; [0025] Figure 1 is a flow control method according to the mobile X-ray machine in a schematic embodiment;

[0026] 图2为一个实施例中移动式X光机的结构不意图; [0026] FIG. 2 is a configuration example of a mobile X-ray machine is not intended embodiment;

[0027] 图3为另一个实施例中移动式X光机的控制方法的流程示意图; [0027] FIG. 3 is a flow control method according to the mobile X-ray machine is a schematic view of another embodiment;

[0028] 图4为一个实施例中移动式X光机控制装置的结构示意图; [0028] FIG. 4 is a structural view of a mobile X-ray apparatus according to an embodiment of the control;

[0029] 图5为另一个实施例中移动式X光机控制装置的结构示意图。 [0029] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the X-ray machine control apparatus further embodiment of a mobile embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0030] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0030] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0031] 如图1所示,在一个实施例中,提供了一种移动式X光机的控制方法,该方法应用在如图2所示的移动式X光机上,其中,移动式X光机包括车身10、机头组件20、平板探测器30,其中机头组件20包括机头201以及X线限束器202。 [0031] Figure 1, in one embodiment, there is provided a method of controlling a mobile X-ray machine, the method is applied on the mobile X-ray machine shown in FIG. 2, wherein the mobile X-ray machine includes a body 10, a head assembly 20, the flat panel detector 30, wherein the handpiece assembly 20 includes a handpiece 201 and the X-ray beam limiter 202. X光从机头201中发射出去后经过X线限束器202射向平板探测器30。 After the X-ray beam limiter after the X-ray 201 emitted from the handpiece 202 toward the flat panel detector 30. 为了提高X光的成像质量,需要调节机头201使得X光投射方向与平板探测器法线平行,需要调节X线限束器202使得X光的光野与平板探测器的表面重合。 In order to improve the quality of X-ray image, needs to be adjusted so that the X-ray head 201 is projected parallel to the normal direction of the flat panel detector, the X-ray beam limiter is necessary to adjust so that the surface 202 of the light field and the X-ray flat panel detector coincide.

[0032] 在一个实施例中,如图1所示提供了一种移动式X光机的控制方法,其包括如下步骤: [0032] In one embodiment, there is provided a control method of FIG Mobile X-ray machine 1, comprising the steps of:

[0033] 在步骤101中,检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,获得姿态检测数据。 [0033] In step 101, the detection position information on the mobile X-ray machine and the flat panel detector head, the posture detection data is obtained.

[0034] 本实施例中,机头组件和平板探测器中都安装了定位检测器,通过定位检测器检测机头与平板探测器的位置信息,并获得姿态检测数据。 [0034] In this embodiment, the head assembly and the flat panel detector are installed orientation detector, by positioning the detector detects head position information detector of the plate, and attitude detection to obtain data. 具体的,姿态检测数据包括:平板探测器在水平方向上的倾斜角度以及倾斜方向,机头在垂直方向上的偏移角度以及偏移方向等。 Specifically, the posture detection data comprising: a flat panel detector in the horizontal direction and the inclination angle of the inclined direction, the nose and the offset direction of the angular deviation in the vertical direction. 这里的位置信息包括机头与平板探测器的绝对空间姿态信息或相对位置信息。 Absolute position information here includes posture information or spatial information of the relative position of the head with the flat panel detector. 在重力场和地磁场限定的水平方向上,平板探测器围绕其法线旋转,可形成相对于其初始位置的偏离;在X光光野不变的情形下,该旋转可改变X光光野与平板探测器可成像范围的重叠比例。 In the gravitational field and the geomagnetic field is defined in the horizontal direction, the flat panel detector rotates about its normal, can be formed deviated with respect to its initial position; X in the case of the same wild bare, the bare field rotation may change the plate X imaging detectors may overlap ratio range. 平板探测器相对于水平方向翻转,可在水平方向上形成一定的倾斜角度;在X光投射方向不变时,该翻转可改变X光投射方向和平板探测器法线的夹角,也可同时改变X光光野与平板探测器可成像范围的重叠比例。 Plate detector with respect to the horizontal direction is switched, may form a certain inclination angle in the horizontal direction; at the same X-ray projection direction, which can be inverted to change the angle between the X-ray projection direction and the normal to the flat panel detector, can also X bare changing field overlapping the flat plate detector proportion imaging range.

[0035] 在一些实施例中,步骤101,检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息, 获得姿态检测数据包括:分别检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据。 [0035] In some embodiments, step 101, detecting position information on the mobile X-ray flat panel detector head and the obtained data comprises posture detection: detect spatial information of the posture detector head to the plate, generating machine comprising posture detection and posture information header information of the flat panel detector posture.

[0036] 本实施例中,空间姿态信息是指平板探测器以及机头在空间中所处的绝对位置, 生成的姿态检测数据也是绝对姿态数据。 [0036] In this embodiment, the spatial attitude information is absolute position and the flat panel detector is located in the head space, the posture detection data generated gesture data is absolute. 根据两者之间的姿态检测数据可以确定两者之间的相对位置关系。 It may be determined relative positional relationship therebetween according to the posture detection data therebetween.

[0037] 在一些实施例中,定位检测器为姿态传感器,平板探测器和机头中均安装了姿态传感器,包含姿态传感器的平板探测器能支持对自身空间姿态的检测。 [0037] In some embodiments, the positioning of the posture sensor detector, both the flat panel detector and an attitude sensor head is installed, the flat panel detector comprising an attitude sensor for detecting its own to support the spatial attitude. 姿态检测数据包括: 检测平板探测器各个边的倾斜角度以及倾斜方向的姿态数据,检测机头方位的姿态数据。 Attitude detection data comprises: attitude data detected inclination angle of each side plate and the inclination direction of the detector, the detection head orientation attitude data.

[0038] 具体的,通过姿态传感器检测平板探测器以及机头的加速度矢量Ί、角速度矢量I?、.地磁场矢量数据W。 [0038] Specifically, the acceleration sensor for detecting the posture vector Ί handpiece and the flat panel detector, the angular velocity vector I?,. Geomagnetic vector data W. 根据加速度矢量、角速度矢量以及地磁场矢量进行计算可以获得机头和平板探测器分别在重力场、地磁力场的姿态,使用三个边的方向矢量f、F、I表示。 Calculation can be obtained respectively the head and the flat panel detector in a gravitational field, magnetic field-profile, three sides using a direction vector f, F, I denotes the acceleration vector, the angular velocity vector and the magnetic field vector. 例如,对于平板探测器来说,方向矢量戈和歹可视为垂直于平板探测器法线的平面的各边,方向矢量Z可视为平行于平板探测器法线的各边。 For example, the flat panel detector, the direction vector of each of Ge and can be considered bad in a plane perpendicular to the normal to the flat panel detector, Z may be considered as the direction vector parallel to the respective sides of the detector plate normal. 例如,对于机头而言,可定义机头具有一中心轴线,方向矢量f和F可视为垂直于中心轴线的方位,方向矢量f可视为平行于中心轴线的方位。 For example, the nose, the nose having a defined center axis, the direction of the vector f and F may be considered as the orientation perpendicular to the central axis, f can be regarded as the direction vector parallel to the central axis of orientation.

[0039] 其中,机头的姿态检测数据为f, U,平板探测器的姿态检测数据为: IJ, g,若表示机头与平板探测器处于垂直状态,即机头产生的X光垂直于平板探测器。 [0039] wherein, head pose detection data as f, U, the posture of the flat panel detector detection data: IJ, g, and if the head represented in a vertical state flat panel detector, X-ray generated in the vertical handpiece i.e. a flat panel detector. 若1¾¾]=], .引=1或qp _€卜1,表示机头产生X 光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面平行。 If 1¾¾] =],. = 1 or lead QP _ € BU 1, represents a plane surface of the light field and the flat plate detector head is parallel to the X-ray generation. 例如,姿态传感器为9轴姿态传感器,姿态传感器也可由重力传感器配合方向传感器实现。 For example, the attitude sensor is a 9-axis posture sensor, a gravity sensor attitude sensor may also be implemented with a direction sensor.

[0040] 在另一些实施例中,步骤101检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息, 获得姿态检测数据包括:检测平板探测器上多个点分别到机头之间的距离,生成包含机头与平板探测器之间距离检测结果的姿态检测数据。 [0040] In other embodiments, the detection position information on the mobile X-ray flat panel detector head and the obtained data comprises posture detection step 101: the plurality of points respectively on the flat panel detector to detect the distance between the head , generates a detection result of the posture detection data of distance between the head and the flat panel detector.

[0041] 本实施例中,定位检测器检测的是机头与平板探测器之间的相对位置信息。 [0041] In this embodiment, the positioning sensors for detecting the relative position information between the head and the flat panel detector. 具体的,定位检测器可以为射频定位器,射频定位器包含:射频发射器与射频接收器,其中平板探测器和机头中分别包含其中的一个。 Specifically, the orientation detector may be positioned a radio frequency, RF locator comprising: a radio frequency transmitter and radio frequency receiver, and wherein the flat panel detector comprising a handpiece which respectively. 射频定位器用来确定机头相对于平板探测器的相对位置。 RF head locator for determining the relative position of the flat panel detector.

[0042] 在一个实施例中,将射频发射器分别安装在平板探测器的四边,射频接收器安装在机头内。 [0042] In one embodiment, the RF transmitter are mounted on four sides of a flat panel detector, the RF receiver is mounted in the nose. 射频发射器用于向周围发送射频信号,射频接收器用于接收空气中传播过来的射频信号。 A radio frequency transmitter for transmitting radio frequency signals to the surroundings, a radio frequency receiver for receiving a radio frequency signal propagating through the air. 根据射频信号的接收功率与发射功率的差值得到损耗功率,进而根据预设功率与距离值之间的对应关系获取损耗功率对应的距离值,进一步的,根据射频发射器的安装位置以及射频发射器与射频接收器之间的距离值即可获得机头与平板探测器之间的姿态检测数据。 The resulting power loss difference between a reception power and transmission power of radio frequency signals, and thus acquiring a distance value corresponding to the power loss in accordance with a preset correspondence relationship between the power and distance value, further, according to the mounting position of the emission of radio frequency transmitter and a radio frequency with the distance value between the radio frequency receiver attitude detection data can be obtained between the head and the flat panel detector.

[0043] 在另一个实施例中,定位检测器可以为超声波定位器,超声波定位器包括超声波发射器与超声波接收器,其中平板探测器和机头中分别安装了其中的一个。 [0043] In another embodiment, the orientation detector may be an ultrasonic positioning, ultrasonic locator comprises an ultrasonic transmitter and ultrasonic receiver, and wherein the flat panel detector head, respectively, one of which is installed.

[0044] 超声波定位器用来确定机头相对于平板探测器的相对位置。 [0044] The ultrasonic head locator for determining the relative position of the flat panel detector. 超声波定位器包括超声波发射器和超声波接收器,其中,超声波发射器安装在平板探测器的四边,超声波接收器安装在机头内,超声波发射器向外发出超声波信号,超声波接收传感器接收超声波信号并计算两个相邻超声波信号接收的时间差,根据时间差计算超声波发射器与超声波接收器之间的相对距离,根据超声波发射器的安装位置以及两者之间的相对距离,进一步可以获得机头与平板探测器之间的姿态检测数据。 Positioning an ultrasonic transmitter and an ultrasonic device comprising an ultrasonic receiver, wherein, an ultrasonic transmitter mounted on the four sides of a flat panel detector, an ultrasonic receiver mounted in the handpiece, an ultrasonic transmitter emits an ultrasonic signal out, the ultrasonic sensor receives the ultrasonic signal and receiving It received ultrasonic signal time difference calculating two adjacent, the relative distance between the ultrasonic transmitter and the ultrasonic receiver is calculated by the difference, according to the relative distance between the mounting position of the ultrasonic transmitter and both heads can be obtained with plate further attitude detection data between the detectors.

[0045] 当然,上述实施例中仅仅只列举了有限的定位检测器的种类及其检测的实现方式,本发明不限于上述几种方式,还可以采用其他种类的定位检测器来实现机头与平板探测器的位置信息。 [0045] Of course, the above-described embodiments are merely lists only limited types and implementations of the detected orientation detector, the present invention is not limited to the above-described ways, can also be employed other types of detector positioning head is achieved with position information of the flat panel detector.

[0046] 在步骤103中,根据姿态检测数据获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系。 [0046] In step 103, the position relationship between the head and the flat panel detector according to the posture detection data.

[0047] 本实施例中,位置关系是指平板探测器与机头之间的相对位置。 [0047] In this embodiment, the positional relationship refers to the relative position between the head and the flat panel detector. 例如,机头与平板探测器的位置关系为垂直关系。 For example, the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector is a vertical relationship. 具体的可以是,机头产生的X光投射方向是否与平板探测器的表面是否垂直,机头产生的X光的光野平面是否与平板探测器的表面平行;和/或,机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野是否重合。 May be specific, whether the X-ray projection direction with the head surface of the flat panel detector generating whether vertical plane if the light field generated by the X-ray head parallel to the surface of the flat panel detector; and / or, X handpiece generated the light field and the radiation field light detector plate are coincident.

[0048] 此外,这个位置关系还可以包括:机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面之间的夹角信息;机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的法线之间的夹角信息;机头产生的X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面之间的位置关系信息;和,机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器的表面之间的覆盖位置关系信息等之中的一种或两种以上的组合。 [0048] Further, this positional relationship may further comprise: information on an angle between the projection direction of the X-ray flat panel detector head surface generated; head between the normal line X of generated light projection direction of the flat panel detector covering the positional relationship between the information and the surface of the X-ray head and the light field generated by the flat panel detector; angle information; positional relationship between a plane surface of the light field and the X-ray flat panel detector information generated handpiece one kind or in combination of two or more of the like.

[0049] 在步骤106中,根据位置关系,输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息。 [0049] In step 106, based on the position relation, output operation prompt information about positional relationship.

[0050] 机头和平板探测器都是可以通过人工调节来改变位置或者通过远程遥控器来调节机头和平板探测器的位置,一般情况下,由于平板探测器位于病人的身下不易改变位置, 通常通过移动机头使得机头与平板探测器满足预设位置关系。 [0050] The head and the flat panel detector can be changed is by manually adjusting the position or adjusting the position of the head and the flat panel detector through the remote control unit, in general, since the flat panel detector is located at the patient's not easy to change the position of the body , typically by moving the handpiece and the handpiece such that the flat panel detector satisfies a predetermined positional relationship. 本实施例中,操作提示信息是指用来指导医护人员如何移动机头来使得机头与平板探测器处于有利于X光扫描成像的位置状态。 In this embodiment, the operation message is how to guide the medical staff so that the mobile head to head with the flat panel detector is a position state conducive to the X-ray scan imaging.

[0051] 如图3所示,在一个实施例中,在步骤106根据位置关系,输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息之前,该方法还包括如下步骤: [0051] As shown in Figure 3, in one embodiment, in step 106 the positional relationship, before the prompt information about the positional relationship of the operation, the method further comprising the steps of:

[0052] 步骤104,依据姿态检测数据,获得用以表征机头与平板探测器之间位置关系的空间相对位置信息。 [0052] Step 104, according to the attitude detection data obtained to characterize the spatial relationship between the head and the relative position information of the flat panel detector.

[0053] 步骤105,根据空间相对位置信息,判断机头产生的X光与平板探测器是否满足预设要求。 [0053] Step 105, based on the relative spatial position information, and determines the X-ray flat panel detector head produced meets a preset requirements. 若否,则进入步骤106,根据位置关系,输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息。 If not, the process proceeds to step 106, in accordance with the positional relationship, the output operation prompt information about positional relationship. 若是, 则结束。 If so, then the end.

[0054] 这里的预设要求用于判定机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野的一致性是否满足要求。 [0054] Default claims herein for determining the consistency of the radiation field and the light field of X-ray flat panel detector head produced meets the requirements. 比如,通常预设要求可以包括:X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面垂直; 和/或,X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面平行且X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野重合。 For example, typically the preset requirements may include: X-ray projection direction perpendicular to the surface of the flat panel detector; and / or, parallel and superposed radiation field of X-ray flat panel detector of the light field and the surface of the light field of X-ray flat panel detector plane .

[0055] 此外,对于判断机头产生的X光与平板探测器是否满足预设要求的过程包括执行以下步骤中的一种或两种以上的组合: [0055] In addition, for the determination of the X-ray generating head and the flat plate detector meets a predetermined requirement process comprising the following steps of one or two or more in combination:

[0056] 判断机头产生的X光投射方向是否与平板探测器的表面是否垂直; Whether the light projection direction X [0056] It is determined whether a generated perpendicular to the head surface of the flat panel detector;

[0057] 判断机头产生的X光的光野平面是否与平板探测器的表面平行; [0057] determines whether the plane of the light field generated by X-ray head parallel to the surface of the flat panel detector;

[0058] 判断机头产生的X光投射方向是否与平板探测器的表面是否垂直;以及, [0058] X handpiece light projection direction is determined whether the generated if the surface perpendicular to the flat panel detector; and,

[0059] 判断机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野是否重合。 The light field and the X-ray flat panel detector [0059] It is determined whether the head coincides with the generated radiation field.

[0060] 当上述一种判断步骤的结果为是时,或两种以上的判断步骤的结果为是时,则满足预设条件。 [0060] When one of the above determination result is YES in step, or two or more determination result is YES in step, the preset condition is satisfied.

[0061] 机头产生成的X光若能垂直射向平板探测器,即平板探测器与X光投射方向垂直, 保证了平板探测器采集到的图像不会引起畸变提高了图像质量。 [0061] The head produced as if X-ray flat panel detector is directed vertically, i.e. perpendicular to the X-ray flat panel detector projection direction, the flat panel detector to ensure that the captured image does not cause distortion of image quality is improved. 光野是指X光照射的范围,光野大小通过机头组件的X线限束器进行调节,X光从机头发出后经过X线限束器的约束,部分X光被阻挡,而只保留投射向特定区域的X光。 Light field refers to the range of light irradiation of X, the light field sizes by the X-ray head assembly of the collimator is adjusted, X-ray through the X-ray limiting constraint beam after emitted from the handpiece, portion X light is blocked, leaving only the projection X-ray to a specific area.

[0062] 本实施例中,光野照射在平板探测器上呈矩形状,由于矩形外的X光被X线限束器屏蔽平板探测器无法接收,因此会造成移动式X光机产生的辐射没有被充分利用来成像。 [0062] In this embodiment, the light field irradiating a rectangular shape in the flat panel detector, since the light outside of the rectangle X is X-ray flat panel detector collimator mask can not be received, it will cause the mobile X-ray radiation is not produced imaging to be fully utilized. 为了提高X光的辐射利用率,在本发明的其中一些实施例中,在判断机头产生的X光与平板探测器是否满足预设要求的过程时,通过判断机头产生的X光的光野平面是否与平板探测器的表面平行,和判断机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野是否重合,当两者均为是时,表示满足预设条件,从而提高X光的辐射利用率。 In order to improve the utilization of X-ray radiation, which in some embodiments of the present invention, and determined the X-ray flat panel detector during the handpiece produced meets predefined requirements, the light field generated by the X-ray head Analyzing whether a plane parallel to the surface of the flat panel detector, the light field and the radiation of X-ray flat panel detector head and determining whether the generated field coincide when both are yes, showing preset condition is satisfied, thereby improving the radiation of X-rays utilization. 上述移动式X光机的控制方法, 可以获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系;并根据位置关系输出操作提示信息。 The control method of a mobile X-ray machine, the positional relationship can be obtained between the head and the flat panel detector; and a positional relationship information output operation prompt. 通过操作提示信息辅助医护人员在摆位过程中有针对性的对X光机进行操作,相比完全依靠个人经验进行摆位,上述移动式X光机的控制方法,降低了人工摆位的误差提高摆位的精准度, 进而提高了拍摄的图像质量。 By operating paramedics message targeted for X-ray machine is operated entirely on personal experiences compared to placement in the placement process, the control method of the mobile X-ray machine, reducing the error of placement of artificial improve placement accuracy, thereby improving the image quality shot.

[0063] 输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息,包括通过输出提示音、提示光效和/或提示图像的方式来实现。 [0063] The output operation prompt information about positional relationship, including by way of an output tone, prompt efficacy and / or the tips of the image is achieved. 例如在一个实施例中,步骤106包括:在机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系不满足X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面垂直时,输出提示音、提示光效和/或提示图像。 For example, in one embodiment, step 106 includes: when the positional relationship between the head and the surface of the flat panel detector is not satisfied with the projection direction perpendicular to the X-ray flat panel detector, the output tone, prompt efficacy and / or image tips .

[0064] 提示音可以是具体调整机头的操作指令,例如,移动式X光机具有语音播报功能, 通过语音播报机头上下左右移动的操作指令。 [0064] The tone adjustment operation instruction may be a particular head, for example, a mobile X-ray machine with voice broadcast function, broadcast voice operation command to move the head up and down. 提示音也可以仅仅是提示音效。 Tone can only be prompt sound. 例如,当医护人员对机头的调节方向有利于垂直操作时,移动式X光机则发出频率低的滴滴声,若不利于垂直操作,则发出频率较高的滴滴声。 For example, when the medical staff for adjusting the vertical direction of the head facilitates operation, the mobile X-ray machine is a low frequency beeps emitted, if not facilitate vertical operation, a higher frequency beeps is issued. 提示图像是指显示屏将以图像的方式显示当前机头与平行探测器之间的位置关系,通过图像中展示的位置关系指引医护人员对机头的调To Refers to the display will prompt the image displayed image positional relationship between the head and parallel to the current detector, the image displayed by the positional relationship between the guidance of medical handpiece To tune

[0065] 提示光效可以是通过LED灯等发光闪烁来显示具体调整机头的操作指令,比如, 当医护人员对机头的调节方向有利于垂直操作时,移动式X光机则提示LED灯亮,若不利于垂直操作,则使LED灯显示高频闪烁状。 [0065] The luminous efficiency may be prompted by a LED lamp or the like emitting display operation instructing specific adjustments to the head flashing, for example, when adjusting the direction of the medical handpiece facilitates vertical operation, the mobile X-ray warning LED lights , if not conducive to vertical operation, the high-frequency blinking the LED lamp display shape.

[0066] 又例如,在另一个实施例中,步骤106包括:在机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系不满足X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面平行且X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野重合时,输出提不首、提不光效和/或提不图像。 [0066] As another example, in another embodiment, step 106 includes: a surface light field of X-ray flat panel detector plane and the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector is not satisfied, and the X-rays in parallel with the light field plate when the radiation field coincidence detector, not to mention the first output, to mention only effective and / or do not provide an image.

[0067] 本实施例中,提示音可以是具体调节X线限束器的操作指令,例如,通过语音播报X线限束器左右旋转的操作指令。 [0067] In this embodiment, the tone may be a particular X-conditioning operation of the beam limiter, for example, the X-ray beam limiting rotation about an operation instruction by voice broadcast. 提示音也可以仅仅是提示音效,例如,当医护人员对X线限束器的旋转方向有利于光野与平板探测器的辐射野重合时,则发出频率低的滴滴声,若不利于重合操作时,则发出频率较高的滴滴声。 Beep sound may simply prompt, for example, when the direction of rotation of the medical X-ray beam limiter facilitates radiation field and the light field coincides flat panel detector, a low frequency beeps is issued, facilitate overlap operation if , the higher frequency beeps is issued. 提示光效同上述实施例,当然还可以在医护人员对机头的调节方向有利于满足预设条件时,点亮LED灯,或使LED灯显示高频闪烁状。 When prompted with the above-described embodiment, the luminous efficiency, of course, also possible to adjust the direction of the nose meets the preset condition facilitates medical staff, the LED lamp is lit, the LED lamp or a high-frequency blinking display state.

[0068] 上述有关提不首、提不光效和/或提不图像可以在机头上,或者在机身的任何一个位置上设置提示模块来实现,或者还可以是将提示模块设置在用于远程遥控移动式X光机的遥控器上。 [0068] For the above mention first, to mention only efficiency, and / or the image may not mention the handpiece, or the prompting module disposed at any position on the body to achieve, or may also be provided for the prompting module on the remote control the mobile X-ray machine remote control. 这里的提示模块可以是:LED灯报警控制模块、喇叭及其驱动电路模块、或者显不屏及其控制电路t旲块等等。 Here prompt module may be: LED light alarm control module, a speaker and a drive circuit module, and a control panel are not significant or t Dae circuit blocks and the like.

[0069] 在其中一个实施例中,步骤106,根据位置关系,输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息的步骤中,通过显示屏显示上述空间相对位置信息。 [0069] In one embodiment, step 106, according to the position relationship, the steps relating to the positional relationship between the presentation information output by the display shows the relative position information of the space.

[0070] 本实施例中,在机头上设置一个小的显示屏,通过显示屏来显示机头与平板探测器之间的空间位置关系,医护人员通过观看显示屏就能清楚的知道应该如何调节机头。 [0070] In this embodiment, a small display screen provided on the machine head, to show the spatial relationship between the head and the flat panel detector through the display, the display can be viewed by the medical staff know exactly how adjust the nose. 通过显示屏的显示辅助医护人员操作使得操作更加有针对性,提高了摆位的工作效率。 By displaying the display paramedics operation makes the operation more targeted, improve the efficiency of the placement.

[0071] 具体的,显示屏中显示的信息包括但不限于以下至少一种:通过文字、示意图和图像中之一展示空间相对位置信息。 [0071] Specifically, the information displayed on the monitor include but are not limited to at least one of: text by one, and a schematic image display spatial information of the relative position. 将机头与平板探测器的空间相位置用文字、示意图以及图像进行展示,可以方便用户更加形象的了解到两者之间的位置偏差,快速实现对机头的调节,提高了摆位的工作效率。 The spatial phase position of the head with the flat panel detector is a text display, and a schematic image, the user can more easily understand the image of the positional deviation between the two, to achieve rapid regulation of the nose to improve the placement of the work effectiveness.

[0072] 当然在本发明的具体实施方式中,显示屏开可以设置在机身的任何一个位置,或者设置在用于远程遥控移动式X光机的遥控器上。 [0072] Of course, in embodiments of the present invention, the display may be arranged at any open position of a body, or on a remote controller for remote control of the mobile X-ray machine. 本文中提到的显示屏可以是LCD显示屏、 液晶显示屏、触摸屏、LED电子显示屏等等。 It referred to herein may be an LCD display screen, LCD screen, touch screen, LED electronic display and the like.

[0073] 如图4所示,在一个实施例中,提供的一种移动式X光机的成像控制装置,该装置包括: , The imaging control device [0073] 4 In one embodiment, there is provided a mobile X-ray machine, the apparatus comprising:

[0074] 位置检测模块40,用于检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,获得姿态检测数据; [0074] The position detection module 40 for detecting the position information on the mobile X-ray head and the flat panel detector, the posture detection data is obtained;

[0075] 关系获取模块42,用于根据姿态检测数据获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系; [0075] The relationship obtaining module 42, configured to obtain the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector according to the posture detection data;

[0076] 信息输出模块46,根据位置关系,输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息。 [0076] The information output module 46, according to the position relation, output operation prompt information about positional relationship.

[0077] 本实施例的移动式X光机的成像控制装置用于实现前述的移动式X光机的控制方法,因此移动式X光机的控制装置中的具体实施可参见前文中的移动式X光机的控制方法, 例如,位置检测模块40、关系获取模块42、信息输出模块46分别用于实现上述移动式X光机的控制方法中步骤101、103以及106,所以,其具体实现方式可参照前文中有关步骤101、 103以及106的各个实施例的描述。 Imaging control means for moving the X-ray machine [0077] The present embodiment is a control method for a mobile X-ray machine to achieve the foregoing, the control means for moving the X-ray machine in a particular embodiment can be found in mobile hereinbefore in X-ray machine control method, for example, the position detector module 40, the relationship obtaining module 42, an information output module 46 are used to implement the control method of the mobile X-ray machine in a step 101, 103 and 106, so that the specific implementation description of various embodiments 101, 103, and 106 can refer to the former related step.

[0078] 在一个实施例中,位置检测模块40还用于分别检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据;或者,还检测平板探测器上多个点分别到机头之间的距离,生成包含机头与平板探测器之间距离检测结果的姿态检测数据。 [0078] In one embodiment, the position detection module 40 is further configured to detect spatial information of the posture detector head to the plate, the posture detection data generates a head posture information and posture information of the flat panel detector; or, also detects a plurality of points on the flat panel detector to the distance between the head, respectively, generates a posture between the head and the detection data from the detection result of the flat panel detector.

[0079] 如图4所示,在一个实施例中,移动式X光机的成像控制装置还包括:信息获取模块43,用于依据姿态检测数据,获得用以表征机头与平板探测器之间位置关系的空间相对位置信息。 [0079] As shown in FIG. 4, in one embodiment, the imaging control means for moving the X-ray machine further comprising: an information acquisition module 43, for detecting data based on the attitude, obtained with the flat panel detector used to characterize the handpiece spatial relationship between the relative position information.

[0080] 判断模块45,用于根据空间相对位置信息,判断机头产生的X光与平板探测器是否满足预设要求。 [0080] The determining module 45, according to the relative spatial position information, and determines the X-ray flat panel detector head produced meets a preset requirements.

[0081] 在一个实施例中,判断模块45还用于判断机头产生的X光投射方向是否与平板探测器的表面是否垂直。 [0081] In one embodiment, the module 45 further determines whether the light projection direction X is determined with the head surface of the plate produced if the vertical detector.

[0082] 在一个实施例中,判断模块45还用于判断机头产生的X光的光野平面是否与平板探测器的表面平行。 [0082] In one embodiment, the module 45 further determines whether the light field of X-ray determination plane parallel to the surface of the handpiece produced a flat panel detector.

[0083] 在一个实施例中,判断模块45还用于判断机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野是否重合。 [0083] In one embodiment, the determination module 45 is further configured on the light field and the X-ray flat panel detector determines the radiation field generated by the handpiece are coincident.

[0084] 在一个实施例中,用以表征机头与平板探测器之间位置关系的空间相对位置信息至少包括以下信息之一:机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面之间的夹角信息; 机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的法线之间的夹角信息;机头产生的X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面之间的位置关系;和,机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器的表面之间的覆盖位置关系。 [0084] In one embodiment, used to characterize the spatial relationship between the head position and relative position information of the flat panel detector comprises at least one of the following: light projection direction X between the surface of the flat panel detector head generated angle information; information about the angle between the projection direction normal to the X-ray flat panel detector head produced; positional relationship between a plane surface of the light field and the X-ray flat panel detector handpiece generated; and, covering the surface of the positional relationship between the light field and the X-ray flat panel detector handpiece generated.

[0085] 在一个实施例中,信息输出模块46还用于在机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系不满足X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面垂直时,输出提示音、提示光效和/或提示图像; 信息输出模块46还用于在机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系不满足X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面平行且X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野重合时,输出提示音、提示光效和/或提示图像。 Positional relationship [0085] In one embodiment, the information output module is further configured between the head 46 and the surface of the flat panel detector is not satisfied with the projection direction perpendicular to the X-ray flat panel detector, the output tone, prompt luminous efficiency and / or presentation image; information output module 46 is further configured on the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel X-ray detector does not satisfy the surface of the light field and the plane parallel plate detector and X-ray flat panel detector of the light field and the radiation when wild coincidence, output tone, prompt efficacy and / or presentation images.

[0086] 在一个实施例中,信息输出模块46还用于通过显示屏显示空间相对位置信息。 [0086] In one embodiment, the information output module 46 is further configured to display the relative position information display space.

[0087] 在一个实施例中,移动式X光机的控制装置中,至少通过文字、示意图和图像中之一展示空间相对位置信息。 [0087] In one embodiment, the mobile X-ray machine control means, at least through the text, one of the schematic image display space and the relative position information.

[0088] 通过以上的实施方式的描述,本领域的技术人员可以清楚地了解到上述实施例方法可借助软件加必需的通用硬件平台的方式来实现,当然也可以通过硬件,但很多情况下前者是更佳的实施方式。 [0088] By the above described embodiments, those skilled in the art may clearly understand that the preceding embodiments may be implemented by software plus a necessary universal hardware platform, also be implemented by hardware, but in most cases the former It is a better implementation. 基于这样的理解,本发明的技术方案本质上或者说对现有技术做出贡献的部分可以以软件产品的形式体现出来,该计算机软件产品承载在一个非易失性计算机可读存储载体(如R0M、磁碟、光盘、服务器云空间)中,包括若干指令用以使得一台终端设备(可以是手机,计算机,服务器,或者网络设备等)执行本发明各个实施例的系统结构和方法。 Based on such understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention in essence or the part contributing to the prior art may be embodied in a software product out of the computer software product carried in a non-volatile computer-readable storage carrier (e.g. R0M, a magnetic disk, an optical disk, the server cloud space), and includes several instructions that enable a computer device (may be a cell phone, computer, server, or network device) to execute the system structure and method according to various embodiments of the present invention.

[0089] 此外,在本发明的其中一个实施例中,提供了一种移动式X光机,其中移动式X光机包括:机头组件、平板探测器、定位检测器、控制模块以及提示模块;机头组件包括机头和X线限束器;其中,机头,用于产生X光;X线限束器,用于调节X光的光野;平板探测器, 用于接收机头产生的X光,获取X光扫描信息以生成X光图像,平板探测器包括外壳和封装在外壳内的多个探测单元,该多个探测单元用于基于接收的X光(也称为X射线)生成X 光图像,平板探测器呈平板状;定位检测器,用于检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,获得姿态检测数据;控制模块,用于依据姿态检测数据,获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系;提示模块,用于根据位置关系,输出有关位置关系的操作提示信息。 [0089] Further, in one embodiment of the present invention which embodiment, there is provided a mobile X-ray machine, wherein the mobile X-ray machine comprising: a head assembly, the flat panel detector, positioning the detector, the control module and prompt module ; head assembly comprising a head and X-ray collimator; wherein the handpiece, for generating X-rays; X-ray beam limiting device for adjusting the light field of X-rays; flat panel detector, for generating a first receiver X-ray, X-ray scanning acquired information to generate X-ray images, and a flat panel detector comprising a housing encapsulating the plurality of detection units within the housing, the plurality of detection means for generating based on the received X-rays (also referred to as X-ray) X-ray images, a flat plate shape flat panel detector; positioning a detector for detecting the position information of the mobile X-ray head and the flat panel detector, the posture detection data is obtained; control means for detecting data based on the attitude, the machine is obtained the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector; prompt module according to the positional relationship, the output operation prompt information about positional relationship.

[0090] 定位检测器用于实现上述移动式X光机的控制方法的步骤101 ;控制模块用于实现上述移动式X光机的控制方法的步骤103,提示模块用于实现上述移动式X光机的控制方法的步骤106,因此,定位检测器、控制模块、提示模块可参照前文中有关步骤101、103、106 的各个实施例的描述。 Step [0090] Location detector for implementing the above method of controlling a mobile X-ray machine 101; step control module for implementing control method of the mobile X-ray machine 103, prompting module for realizing the moving X-ray machine the control method of step 106, thus positioning the detector, the control module, the module may prompt the relevant step hereinbefore described various embodiments with reference to 101,103,106.

[0091] 在一些实施例中,移动式X光机中的定位检测器为姿态传感器;姿态传感器分别安装在机头以及平板探测器中。 [0091] In some embodiments, a mobile X-ray detector is positioned in a posture sensor; attitude sensor are mounted in the head and a flat detector.

[0092] 在一些实施例中,移动式X光机中的定位检测器为射频定位器,射频定位器包括: 射频发射器以及射频接收器;射频发射器以及射频接收器分别安装在机头和平板探测器中。 [0092] In some embodiments, a mobile X-ray detector is positioned in a location RF, RF locator comprising: a radio frequency transmitter and radio frequency receiver; a radio frequency transmitter and radio frequency receiver are mounted in the nose and plate detector. 或者,射频接收器以及射频发射器分别安装在机头和平板探测器中。 Alternatively, the RF receiver and the RF transmitter are mounted in the head and the flat panel detector.

[0093] 在一些实施例中,移动式X光机中的定位检测器为超声波定位器,超声波定位器包括:超声波发射器以及超声波接收器;其中,超声波发射器以及超声波接收器分别安装在机头和平板探测器中,或者超声波接收器以及超声波发射器分别安装在机头和平板探测器中。 [0093] In some embodiments, a mobile X-ray machine in the orientation detector is an ultrasonic positioning, ultrasonic positioning device comprising: an ultrasonic transmitter and the ultrasonic receiver; wherein the ultrasonic transmitter and the ultrasonic receiver are mounted in the machine and flat panel detector head, or ultrasonic receiver and the ultrasonic transmitter are mounted in the head and the flat panel detector.

[0094] 在一些实施例中,上述提示模块可以是:LED灯报警控制模块、喇叭及其驱动电路丰旲块、或者显不屏及其控制电路t旲块等等中的一种或两种以上的组合。 [0094] In some embodiments, these tips may be a module: LED light alarm control module, a speaker and a drive circuit block Dae abundance, or one screen is not significant and the control circuit t Dae block or two etc. combinations of the above. 提不t旲块在移动式X光机的任意位置上设置,例如可以在机头上,或者在机身的任何一个位置上设置提示模块来实现。 Mention t Dae block at an arbitrary position of the mobile X-ray machine is provided on, for example, on the machine head, or the prompting module disposed at any position on the body is achieved. 此外,还可以是将提示模块设置在用于远程遥控移动式X光机的遥控器上。 In addition, the module may be a prompt provided on the remote controller for remote control of the mobile X-ray machine.

[0095] 以上实施例的各技术特征可以进行任意的组合,为使描述简洁,未对上述实施例中的各个技术特征所有可能的组合都进行描述,然而,只要这些技术特征的组合不存在矛盾,都应当认为是本说明书记载的范围。 Technical characteristics [0095] The above embodiments may be any combination, for the brevity, not on the various technical features of the above embodiments, all the possible combinations will be described, however, as long as the combination of these features is no contradiction , they are to be considered in the scope described in this specification.

[0096] 以上实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对发明专利范围的限制。 [0096] Expression of the above embodiments are only several embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood to limit the scope of the invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (16)

1. 一种移动式X光机,用于获取受试体的X光图像,其特征在于,所述移动式X光机包括:机头组件、平板探测器、定位检测器、控制模块以及提示模块;所述机头组件包括机头和X线限束器;其中, 所述机头,用于产生X光; 所述X线限束器,用于调节X光的光野; 所述平板探测器,用于接收机头产生的X光以形成所述X光图像; 所述定位检测器,用于检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,并据此获得机头与平板探测器的姿态检测数据; 所述控制模块,用于依据所述姿态检测数据,确定机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系; 所述提示模块,用于输出有关所述位置关系的操作提示信息。 A mobile X-ray machine, for acquiring X-ray images of a subject, wherein the mobile X-ray machine comprising: a head assembly, the flat panel detector, positioning the detector, and prompts the control module module; a head assembly comprising a head and X-ray collimator; wherein said handpiece for generating X-rays; the X-ray beam limiting device for adjusting the light field of X-rays; said detection plate is for X receiver head to form the light generated by the X-ray image; the locating detector for detecting the position information of the mobile X-ray flat panel detector and the head, and the head accordingly obtained with attitude detection data flat panel detector; and a control module for detecting data based on the gesture, determines the positional relationship between the head and the flat plate detector; the prompt module configured to output operation related to the positional relationship message.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述定位检测器为姿态传感器; 所述姿态传感器分别安装在机头以及平板探测器中。 The mobile X-ray machine according to claim 1, wherein said detector is a gesture sensor is positioned; the gesture sensor are mounted in the head and the flat panel detector.
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述定位检测器分别检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据。 The mobile X-ray machine of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said spatial orientation detector detect head posture information and the flat plate detector, generates a flat panel detector head posture information and attitude attitude detection data information.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述位置检测模块还用于检测平板探测器上多个点分别到机头之间的距离,生成包含机头与平板探测器之间距离检测结果的姿态检测数据。 The mobile X-ray machine according to claim 1, wherein said position detection module is further configured to detect a plurality of points on the flat panel detector to the distance between the head, respectively, and generates a head plate data from the detection result of the posture detected between the detector.
5. 根据权利要求1或4所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述定位检测器为射频定位器,所述射频定位器包括:射频发射器以及射频接收器;其中, 所述射频发射器以及射频接收器分别安装在所述机头和所述平板探测器中,或者,所述射频接收器以及射频发射器分别安装在所述机头和所述平板探测器中。 The mobile X-ray machine of claim 1 or claim 4, wherein said detector is a radio frequency positioning locator, the locator radio comprising: a radio frequency transmitter and radio frequency receiver; wherein said RF transmitter and RF receiver are mounted on said head and said flat panel detector, or the radio frequency receiver and a radio frequency transmitter are mounted in the head and the plate detector.
6. 根据权利要求1或4所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述定位检测器为超声波定位器,所述超声波定位器包括:超声波发射器以及超声波接收器;其中, 所述超声波发射器以及超声波接收器分别安装在所述机头和所述平板探测器中,或者,所述超声波接收器以及超声波发射器分别安装在所述机头和所述平板探测器中。 The mobile X-ray machine of claim 1 or claim 4, wherein said detector is an ultrasonic positioning locator, the locator ultrasound comprising: an ultrasonic transmitter and the ultrasonic receiver; wherein said ultrasonic transmitter and ultrasonic receiver are mounted on said head and said flat panel detector, or the ultrasonic receiver and the ultrasonic transmitter are mounted in the head and the plate detector.
7. 根据权利要求1-6中任一项所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述控制模块还用于依据姿态检测数据,获得用以表征所述机头与平板探测器之间位置关系的空间相对位置信息;所述控制模块还包括判断单元,其用于根据所述机头与平板探测器的空间相对位置信息,判断机头产生的X光与平板探测器是否满足预设要求。 The mobile X-ray machine as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the control module is further configured to pose based on the detected data, for obtaining and characterizing the head of the flat panel detector the relative positional relationship between the spatial position of the information; and the control module further comprises determining means for the spatial information of the relative position of the head with the flat panel detector, X-ray flat panel detector determines the nose meets pre-generated reset request.
8. 根据权利要求7所述的装置,其特征在于,所述判断单元至少用于执行以下步骤之判断机头产生的X光的投射方向是否与平板探测器的表面是否垂直; 判断机头产生的X光的光野平面是否与平板探测器的表面平行;和, 判断机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野是否重合。 8. The apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the projection direction is determined whether at least X-ray unit for performing the steps of determining the head generated by the detector whether the vertical surface of the plate; Analyzing generating head whether the X-ray light field plane parallel to the surface of the flat panel detector; and determining the light field and the radiation of X-ray flat panel detector handpiece whether the generated field coincide.
9. 根据权利要求7所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述用以表征机头与平板探测器之间位置关系的空间相对位置信息至少包括以下信息之一: 机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面之间的夹角信息; 机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的法线之间的夹角信息; 机头产生的X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面之间的位置关系信息;和, 机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器的表面之间的覆盖位置关系信息。 According to claim mobile X-ray machine of claim 7, wherein said means for characterizing the spatial relationship between the head and the relative position information of the flat panel detector comprises at least one of the following information: the handpiece generated the angle between the surface of the information of the X-ray projection direction with a flat panel detector; information included angle between the projection direction normal to the X-ray flat panel detector head produced; flat plane of the light field of X-rays generated by the handpiece the positional relationship between the information surface of the detector; and, covering the positional relationship between the head surface of X-ray generated by the light field and the flat panel detector information.
10. 根据权利要求1-9任一项所述的移动式X光机,其特征在于,所述提示模块包括: LED灯报警控制模块、喇叭及其驱动电路模块、和/或显示屏及其控制电路模块,所述提示模块在移动式X光机的任意位置上设置,或者将提示模块设置在用于远程遥控移动式X光机的遥控器上。 Claim 10. The mobile X-ray machine of any one of claims 1-9, characterized in that the prompting module comprising: LED light alarm control module, a speaker and a driving circuit module and / or display and the control circuit module, the prompt module disposed at an arbitrary position of the mobile X-ray machine, the prompting module or provided on a remote controller for remote control of the mobile X-ray machine.
11. 一种移动式X光机的成像控制装置,其特征在于,所述装置包括: 位置检测模块,用于检测移动式X光机上机头与平板探测器的位置信息,据此获得机头与平板探测器的姿态检测数据;其中所述位置检测模块分别检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据; 关系获取模块,用于根据所述机头与平板探测器的姿态检测数据获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系,并判断所述位置关系是否满足移动式X光机成像的预设要求;以及信息输出模块,用于在机头与平板探测器的位置关系未满足预设要求时,输出调整机头与平板探测器的操作提示信息。 11. An imaging control means for moving the X-ray machine, characterized in that said apparatus comprises: position detecting means for detecting position information on the mobile X-ray flat panel detector and the head, whereby the head is obtained attitude detection data with the flat plate detector; wherein said spatial location detection module detects the head posture information of the flat panel detector, the posture detection data generates a head posture information and posture information of the flat panel detector; relationship obtaining module, with to obtain the positional relationship between the head and the flat panel detector according to the posture of the detection data of the detector head to the plate, and determining the positional relationship meets a preset requirements for mobile imaging X-ray machine; and an information output module when the positional relationship for the handpiece with the flat panel detector does not satisfy a predetermined requirement, the output of the handpiece and the adjustment operation prompt information of the flat panel detector.
12. 根据权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述关系获取单元判断机头产生的X光投射方向是否与平板探测器的表面是否垂直,并输出机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面之间的夹角信息、和/或机头产生的X光投射方向与平板探测器的法线之间的夹角信息;和/或所述关系获取单元判断机头产生的X光的光野平面是否与平板探测器的表面平行,并输出机头产生的X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面之间的位置关系信息;和/或所述关系获取单元判断机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野是否重合,并输出机头产生的X光的光野与平板探测器的表面之间的覆盖位置关系信息。 12. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein, if said relationship obtaining means determines the X-ray head projecting direction generated by the detector whether the vertical surface of the plate, and outputting X-ray projection direction generated by the heads information included angle between the surface of the flat panel detector, and / X handpiece generated light projection direction or angle between the normal to the information of the flat panel detector; and / or said relationship obtaining means determines that the head generated if the light field plane parallel to the surface of the X-ray flat panel detector, the positional relationship between the surface plane of the light field of X-rays generated by the handpiece and outputs information of the flat panel detector; and / or said relationship obtaining means determines generating head the light field and the X-ray flat panel detector of the radiation field are coincident, covering the surface of the positional relationship between the X-ray information and outputs the generated light field and the handpiece flat panel detector.
13. 根据权利要求12所述的装置,其特征在于,所述信息输出模块还用于在机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系不满足X光投射方向与平板探测器的表面垂直时,输出提示音、 提示光效和/或提示图像;和/或, 所述信息输出模块还用于在机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系不满足X光的光野平面与平板探测器的表面平行且X光的光野与平板探测器上辐射野重合时,输出提示音、提示光效和/或提示图像。 13. The apparatus as claimed in claim 12, wherein the information output module is further configured to, when the positional relationship between the head and the surface of the flat panel detector is not satisfied with the projection direction perpendicular to the X-ray flat panel detector, tone output, suggesting efficacy and / or presentation image; and a positional relationship / or, the information output module is further configured between the head and the flat plate X-ray detector does not satisfy a field plane of the plate surface of the light detector and parallel X-ray flat panel detector of the light field and the radiation field coincidence, the output tone, prompt efficacy and / or presentation images.
14. 一种移动式X光机的控制方法,所述方法包括: 检测机头与平板探测器的空间姿态信息,生成包含机头姿态信息和平板探测器姿态信息的姿态检测数据,; 根据所述姿态检测数据获得机头与平板探测器之间的位置关系; 根据所述位置关系,输出有关所述位置关系的操作提示信息。 A method of controlling a mobile X-ray machine, the method comprising: detecting head and the flat panel detector spatial posture information, generates a posture detection and posture information data head posture information of the flat panel detector,; based on the said posture detecting the positional relationship between the obtained data and the flat panel detector head; according to the positional relationship, the output operation prompt information about positional relationship.
15. -种X射线平板探测器,包括: 外壳; 封装在所述外壳内的多个探测单元,所述探测单元用于接收X射线且基于所接收的X 射线产生X光图像;以及通讯单元,用于向与所述平板探测器通信的成像工作站传送X光图像; 其特征在于,所述X射线平板探测器还包括封装在所述外壳内的姿态传感器,所述姿态传感器用于检测平板探测器的空间位置,并据此生成包含平板探测器的姿态检测数据; 所述平板探测器还通过所述通讯单元向所述成像工作站传送姿态检测数据。 15. - kind of flat panel X-ray detector, comprising: a housing; a plurality of detection units in the package within the housing, the detection unit is configured to receive X-rays and generates X-ray light image based on the received X; and a communication unit for transmitting to the image forming station X-ray detector in communication said plate; wherein said X-ray flat panel detector further including a package in the posture sensor within the housing, a posture sensor for detecting plate the spatial position of the probe, and accordingly generates the posture detection data comprises a flat panel detector; and the flat panel detector through the communication unit to transmit data to the imaging attitude detection station.
16.根据权利要求15所述的X射线平板探测器,其特征在于,所述平板探测器呈平板状;所述平板探测器的姿态检测数据包括平板探测器在水平方向上的倾斜角度和倾斜方向。 16. The flat panel X-ray detector as claimed in claim 15, wherein said flat plate shape detector; attitude detection data of the detector plate comprises a flat panel detector inclination angle in the horizontal direction and inclination direction.
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