CN106440364A - Air source overlapped heat pump crude oil heating device and use method - Google Patents

Air source overlapped heat pump crude oil heating device and use method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106440364A
CN106440364A CN201610932069.7A CN201610932069A CN106440364A CN 106440364 A CN106440364 A CN 106440364A CN 201610932069 A CN201610932069 A CN 201610932069A CN 106440364 A CN106440364 A CN 106440364A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat pump
air source
hot water
water
water tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610932069.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李钢
宗学花
程红
王惠坚
陈道才
韩连滨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Meilinda Renewable Energy Development Co Ltd
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Shandong Meilinda Renewable Energy Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Meilinda Renewable Energy Development Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Meilinda Renewable Energy Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610932069.7A priority Critical patent/CN106440364A/en
Publication of CN106440364A publication Critical patent/CN106440364A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H7/00Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which the energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release
    • F24H7/02Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which the energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates or heating means
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates or heating means for water heaters

Abstract

The invention relates to an air source overlapped heat pump crude oil heating device and a use method. An air source heat pump is communicated with an evaporation water tank through a water path internal circulating pipeline, and a circulating water pump A is arranged between the air source heat pump and the evaporation water tank. Tube shell design is adopted for the evaporation water tank, water cyclically flows outside a tube shell, the tube shell is communicated with the evaporation water tank, a high-temperature condensing unit is arranged in the tube shell and drives refrigerating fluid to flow, the tube shell is communicated with the high-temperature condensing unit through a refrigerating fluid pipeline, and a throttling valve is arranged on the refrigerating fluid pipeline. The output end of the high-temperature condensing unit is communicated with a hot water crude oil heat exchanger through a pipeline; a hot water pump B and an electric auxiliary heater are arranged at the water inlet end of the hot water crude oil heat exchanger, and crude oil produced fluid enters the hot water crude oil heat exchanger to be heated. The air source overlapped heat pump crude oil heating device and the use method have the advantages that the evaporation water tank is arranged, a low-temperature heat source is provided for the high-temperature condensing unit for producing high-temperature hot water, meanwhile, an energy storage function is achieved in the running process of an air source heat pump unit, frequent starting and stopping of the air source heat pump unit are avoided, and the stability of the system is improved.

Description

A kind of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater and using method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of petroleum industry heater, particularly to a kind of air-source cascade type heat pump heating crude oil Device and using method.
Background technology
At present, during existing oil field produces, individual well heating system mostly is electric furnace or gas-fired heater, using electric energy or combustion Gas carries out the outer defeated heating of single-well crude oil, and efficiency of energy utilization is low, big to environmental disruption, there is certain operation potential safety hazard.Empty Air supply heat pump, with the improvement of every technology and development, its environmental protection, safe and efficient feature, has more and more been applied to life Traditional heating system is substituted in product, life.In crude oil heating system, because oil carrys out liquid complicated component, corrosivity is strong, needs plus Hot temperature is high, and operational reliability has high demands, and the application that regular air source heat pump system heats industry in individual well receives very big Limit.It is widely popularized under the major premise of air source heat pump application in today's society, air source heat pump heats in industry still in individual well Slowly fail to set foot in.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is aiming at the drawbacks described above of prior art presence, provides a kind of air-source cascade type heat pump former Oil heating unit and using method, this device passes through air source heat pump and high temperature condenses the cooperation of unit, and highest can provide 90 DEG C of hot water, meets the demand to high-temperature during heating crude oil, simultaneously it is also possible to individually in the case of meeting heating requirements Run air source heat pump heating mode, improve operational efficiency.
A kind of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater that the present invention mentions, including air source heat pump, evaporation water tank, High temperature condensation unit, hot water crude heat exchanger, air source heat pump passes through water route internal recycle pipeline connection evaporation water tank, air-source heat It is provided with water circulating pump A between pump and evaporation water tank;Evaporation water tank adopts shell to design, flow for water circulation outside shell and with steaming Shampoo case connection, shell is internal to drive cold-producing medium flowing for high temperature condensation unit, and by refrigerant tubing and high temperature freezing machine Group connection, described refrigerant tubing is provided with choke valve;The output end that high temperature condenses unit is changed by pipeline communication hot water crude oil Hot device;Hot water crude heat exchanger water inlet end sets heat-exchanger pump B and electric heating device, and crude oil Produced Liquid enters hot water crude heat exchanger Heated.
The water side of above-mentioned evaporation water tank is provided with motor-driven valve A.
The water side that above-mentioned high temperature condenses unit is provided with motor-driven valve B.
Above-mentioned heat-exchanger pump B is arranged on the water inlet end of hot water crude heat exchanger and high temperature condenses the electricity that unit water side is provided with Between dynamic valve B.
Above-mentioned electric heating device adopts duct type electric heating device.
A kind of using method of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater that the present invention mentions, can achieve two kinds of heating Pattern, is that air source heat pump runs heating mode and air source heat pump isolated operation heated mould with high temperature condensation unit overlapping respectively Formula:
Air source heat pump and high temperature condense unit overlapping and run the workflow of heating mode and is:Air source heat pump will evaporate water tank In hot water circulation heated, high temperature condensation unit from evaporation water tank energy absorption, produce 60~90 DEG C hot water enter hot water Crude heat exchanger, crude oil Produced Liquid is heated, and in running, the motor-driven valve A of evaporation tank outlet closes, and high temperature condenses The motor-driven valve B of machine set outlet opens;
The workflow of air source heat pump isolated operation heating mode is:Air source heat pump adds evaporating the hot water circuit in water tank To 50~60 DEG C, motor-driven valve A opens heat, and motor-driven valve B closes, and heat-exchanger pump B runs, and the hot water in evaporation water tank is pumped into hot water former Oil heat exchanger, crude oil Produced Liquid is heated;In running, high temperature condensation unit does not run.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The present invention is provided with evaporation water tank, is that high temperature condensation unit is produced high-temperature-hot-water and carried For low-temperature heat source, play energy storage effect in net for air-source heat pump units running, it is to avoid net for air-source heat pump units frequency simultaneously Numerous start-stop, improves the stability of system.By the switching to evaporation water tank, the motor-driven valve of high temperature condensation unit water side, can Individually heat operation, air source heat pump and high temperature condensation unit combined heat two kinds of heated moulds of operation to realize air source heat pump Formula.System passes through hot water preparing heating in crude oil in hot water crude heat exchanger.Compared with prior art, reasonable in design, have Safe and environment-friendly, energy-efficient, easy-maintaining feature.
Brief description
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Upper in figure:1st, air source heat pump, 2, evaporation water tank, 3, high temperature condensation unit, 4, hot water crude heat exchanger, 5, water circulating pump A, 6, heat-exchanger pump B, 7, electric heating device, 8, choke valve, 9, motor-driven valve A, 10, motor-driven valve B, 11, water route internal recycle pipeline, 12nd, refrigerant tubing, 13, outer circulation pipeline, 14, crude oil pipeline.
Specific embodiment
In conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
A kind of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater that the present invention mentions, including air source heat pump(1), evaporation water tank (2), high temperature condensation unit(3), hot water crude heat exchanger(4), air source heat pump(1)By water route internal recycle pipeline(11)Connection Evaporation water tank(2), air source heat pump(1)With evaporation water tank(2)Between be provided with water circulating pump A(5);Evaporation water tank(2)Using pipe Shell designs, outside shell for water circulation flowing and with evaporate water tank(2)Connection, shell is internal to drive refrigeration for high temperature condensation unit Agent is flowed, and passes through refrigerant tubing(12)Condense unit with high temperature(3)Connection, described refrigerant tubing(12)It is provided with throttling Valve(8);The output end that high temperature condenses unit passes through pipeline communication hot water crude heat exchanger(4);Hot water crude heat exchanger water inlet end If heat-exchanger pump B(6)And electric heating device(7), crude oil Produced Liquid entrance hot water crude heat exchanger(4)Heated.
Wherein, evaporate water tank(2)Water side be provided with motor-driven valve A(9);Above-mentioned high temperature condensation unit(3)Water side It is provided with motor-driven valve B(10);Above-mentioned heat-exchanger pump B(6)It is arranged on the water inlet end of hot water crude heat exchanger and high temperature condenses unit(3) The motor-driven valve B that water side is provided with(10)Between.
In addition, electric heating device(7)Using duct type electric heating device.
A kind of using method of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater that the present invention mentions, can achieve two kinds of heating Pattern, is that air source heat pump runs heating mode and air source heat pump isolated operation heated mould with high temperature condensation unit overlapping respectively Formula:
Air source heat pump and high temperature condense unit overlapping and run the workflow of heating mode and is:Air source heat pump(1)To evaporate Water tank(2)In hot water circulation heated, high temperature condense unit(3)From evaporation water tank(2)Middle energy absorption, produces 60~90 DEG C Hot water enters hot water crude heat exchanger(4), crude oil Produced Liquid is heated, in running, is evaporated water tank(2)The electricity of outlet Dynamic valve A(9)Close, high temperature condenses unit(3)The motor-driven valve B of outlet(10)Open;
The workflow of air source heat pump isolated operation heating mode is:Air source heat pump(1)Water tank will be evaporated(2)In hot water Circulating-heating to 50~60 DEG C, motor-driven valve A(9)Open, motor-driven valve B(10)Close, heat-exchanger pump B(6)Run, water will be evaporated Case(2)In hot water pump into hot water crude heat exchanger(4), crude oil Produced Liquid is heated;In running, high temperature freezing machine Group(3)Do not run.
The present invention is provided with evaporation water tank, and producing high-temperature-hot-water for high temperature condensation unit provides low-temperature heat source, simultaneously in sky Play energy storage effect in air supply heat pump unit running process, it is to avoid net for air-source heat pump units frequent start-stop, improve system Stability.By the switching to evaporation water tank, the motor-driven valve of high temperature condensation unit water side, it is possible to achieve air source heat pump is independent Heating runs, air source heat pump and high temperature condensation unit combined heat run two kinds of heating modes.System is existed by hot water preparing Heating in crude oil in hot water crude heat exchanger.Compared with prior art, reasonable in design, have safe and environment-friendly, energy-efficient, easy The feature of maintenance.
The above, be only the part preferred embodiment of the present invention, and any those of ordinary skill in the art all may profit Changed with the technical scheme of above-mentioned elaboration or be revised as equivalent technical scheme.Therefore, according to the technology of the present invention Any simple modification or substitute equivalents that scheme is carried out, belong to the greatest extent the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater, is characterized in that:Including air source heat pump(1), evaporation water tank (2), high temperature condensation unit(3), hot water crude heat exchanger(4), air source heat pump(1)By water route internal recycle pipeline(11)Connection Evaporation water tank(2), air source heat pump(1)With evaporation water tank(2)Between be provided with water circulating pump A(5);Evaporation water tank(2)Using pipe Shell designs, outside shell for water circulation flowing and with evaporate water tank(2)Connection, shell is internal to drive refrigeration for high temperature condensation unit Agent is flowed, and passes through refrigerant tubing(12)Condense unit with high temperature(3)Connection, described refrigerant tubing(12)It is provided with throttling Valve(8);The output end that high temperature condenses unit passes through pipeline communication hot water crude heat exchanger(4);Hot water crude heat exchanger water inlet end If heat-exchanger pump B(6)And electric heating device(7), crude oil Produced Liquid entrance hot water crude heat exchanger(4)Heated.
2. air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Described evaporation water tank (2)Water side be provided with motor-driven valve A(9).
3. air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Described high temperature condensation Unit(3)Water side be provided with motor-driven valve B(10).
4. air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Described heat-exchanger pump B (6)It is arranged on the water inlet end of hot water crude heat exchanger and high temperature condenses unit(3)The motor-driven valve B that water side is provided with(10)Between.
5. air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Described electricity auxiliary adds Hot device(7)Using duct type electric heating device.
6. a kind of using method of the air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater as any one of claim 1-5, It is characterized in that:Can achieve two kinds of heating modes, be air source heat pump respectively with high temperature condensation unit overlapping run heating mode and Air source heat pump isolated operation heating mode:
Air source heat pump and high temperature condense unit overlapping and run the workflow of heating mode and is:Air source heat pump(1)To evaporate Water tank(2)In hot water circulation heated, high temperature condense unit(3)From evaporation water tank(2)Middle energy absorption, produces 60~90 DEG C Hot water enters hot water crude heat exchanger(4), crude oil Produced Liquid is heated, in running, is evaporated water tank(2)The electricity of outlet Dynamic valve A(9)Close, high temperature condenses unit(3)The motor-driven valve B of outlet(10)Open;
The workflow of air source heat pump isolated operation heating mode is:Air source heat pump(1)Water tank will be evaporated(2)In hot water Circulating-heating to 50~60 DEG C, motor-driven valve A(9)Open, motor-driven valve B(10)Close, heat-exchanger pump B(6)Run, water will be evaporated Case(2)In hot water pump into hot water crude heat exchanger(4), crude oil Produced Liquid is heated;In running, high temperature freezing machine Group(3)Do not run.
CN201610932069.7A 2016-10-24 2016-10-24 Air source overlapped heat pump crude oil heating device and use method Pending CN106440364A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109579298A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-05 西安奥德石油工程技术有限责任公司 Heating crude oil air energy thermal pumping system
CN110243100A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-09-17 山东美琳达再生能源开发有限公司 Hydronic carbon dioxide heat pump device can be achieved in one kind

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201462405U (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-05-12 华东理工大学 Crude oil heating and delivering system of solar-combined heat pump
CN202709456U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-01-30 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Crude oil heating system of air source heat pump
CN202757259U (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-02-27 朱鑫伟 Crude oil centralized heat preservation system
CN202853112U (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-04-03 朱鑫伟 Well mouth crude oil heating system
JP2013119954A (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-17 Panasonic Corp Heat pump hot water heater
CN104676972A (en) * 2015-03-12 2015-06-03 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Soil source-air source wind energy heat pump system and control method thereof
CN204987462U (en) * 2015-08-17 2016-01-20 鸿大工程有限公司 Supplementary solar energy vapor compression parallel air source heat pump hot -water heating system
CN105928200A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 湖南科技大学 Air source heat pump high-temperature water heating system suitable for low-temperature environment
CN206235018U (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-06-09 山东美琳达再生能源开发有限公司 A kind of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201462405U (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-05-12 华东理工大学 Crude oil heating and delivering system of solar-combined heat pump
JP2013119954A (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-17 Panasonic Corp Heat pump hot water heater
CN202757259U (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-02-27 朱鑫伟 Crude oil centralized heat preservation system
CN202853112U (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-04-03 朱鑫伟 Well mouth crude oil heating system
CN202709456U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-01-30 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Crude oil heating system of air source heat pump
CN104676972A (en) * 2015-03-12 2015-06-03 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Soil source-air source wind energy heat pump system and control method thereof
CN204987462U (en) * 2015-08-17 2016-01-20 鸿大工程有限公司 Supplementary solar energy vapor compression parallel air source heat pump hot -water heating system
CN105928200A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 湖南科技大学 Air source heat pump high-temperature water heating system suitable for low-temperature environment
CN206235018U (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-06-09 山东美琳达再生能源开发有限公司 A kind of air-source cascade type heat pump raw oil heater

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109579298A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-05 西安奥德石油工程技术有限责任公司 Heating crude oil air energy thermal pumping system
CN110243100A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-09-17 山东美琳达再生能源开发有限公司 Hydronic carbon dioxide heat pump device can be achieved in one kind

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Application publication date: 20170222