CN106423595A - Cyclone separator - Google Patents

Cyclone separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106423595A
CN106423595A CN201611198016.3A CN201611198016A CN106423595A CN 106423595 A CN106423595 A CN 106423595A CN 201611198016 A CN201611198016 A CN 201611198016A CN 106423595 A CN106423595 A CN 106423595A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
separator
cone
pipe
overflow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611198016.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林纬
王计强
杨博文
喻九阳
郑小涛
徐建民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan Institute of Technology
Original Assignee
Wuhan Institute of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan Institute of Technology filed Critical Wuhan Institute of Technology
Priority to CN201611198016.3A priority Critical patent/CN106423595A/en
Publication of CN106423595A publication Critical patent/CN106423595A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/08Vortex chamber constructions
    • B04C5/085Vortex chamber constructions with wear-resisting arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/08Vortex chamber constructions
    • B04C5/103Bodies or members, e.g. bulkheads, guides, in the vortex chamber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/12Construction of the overflow ducting, e.g. diffusing or spiral exits

Abstract

The invention discloses a cyclone separator. The cyclone separator at least comprises a separator body, and a cone with a drainage tank; the cone with the drainage tank is arranged in the separator body; and when a mixture with internal cyclone upwards moves to reach the cone with the drainage tank, because of stop of the cone, one part of large-particle mixture is forced to guide to external cyclone through the drainage tank of the cone for reseparation, so that the content of large-particle substances in the separated mixture is reduced, and the separation efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of cyclone separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to segregation apparatuss technical field, more particularly, to a kind of cyclone separator.
Background technology
How while reducing cost, mixture is more efficiently separated, always oil, chemical industry, medicine, The industries such as smelting, coking plant problem of interest, the separation efficiency improving fine particle is always the problem of a lot of industry research. The separation of mixture mainly includes solid-liquid separation, gas solid separation, the gentle solid-liquor separation of gas-liquid separation, a kind of efficient separation of design Device has great significance for industries such as the energy, chemical industry and medicine.
Content of the invention
The present invention passes through to provide a kind of cyclone separator it is achieved that improving the technique effect of separation efficiency.
The invention provides a kind of cyclone separator, at least include:Separator body and the cone with drainage trough;Described band The cone of drainage trough is arranged on the inside of described separator body.
Further, described separator body at least includes:Whirl cylinder, cylinder, feed pipe and overflow pipe;Described separation Cylinder is arranged on the bottom of described whirl cylinder;Through hole is arranged at the bottom of described cylinder;Described overflow pipe is arranged on described whirl cylinder Top;Described feed pipe is passed through described whirl cylinder with the direction tangent with described whirl cylinder.
Further, also at least include:Threaded rod;The first end of described threaded rod is fixed on described overflow pipe, described Second end of threaded rod and described cone are threaded connection.
Further, also at least include:Connecting tube;
There is external screw thread in the end of described overflow pipe;There is female thread in the end of described connecting tube;Described overflow pipe and institute State connecting tube to be threaded connection;
Or,
There is female thread in the end of described overflow pipe;There is external screw thread in the end of described connecting tube;Described overflow pipe and institute State connecting tube to be threaded connection.
Further, the inwall in described whirl cylinder and/or described cylinder has drainage trough.
Further, the inwall in described whirl cylinder and/or described cylinder has wear-resistant ceramic layer.
Further, the described cone with drainage trough is cone.
The one or more technical schemes providing in the present invention, at least have the following technical effect that or advantage:
Cone with drainage trough is arranged on the inside of separator body, draws when the mixture of inward eddy moves upward to band When at the cone of chute, due to the stop of cone, the drainage trough guiding that partly oarse-grained mixture is forced through in cone is outer Eddy flow is separated again, thus decreasing the content of large particulate matter in the mixture isolated, and then improves separation effect Rate.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of cyclone separator provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the cone with drainage trough in Fig. 1;
Wherein, 1- overflow pipe, 2- whirl cylinder, 3- feed pipe, 4- cylinder, the cone with drainage trough for the 5-, 6- through hole, 7- spiral shell Rasp bar, 8- end cap, 9- connecting tube.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is passed through to provide a kind of cyclone separator it is achieved that improving the technique effect of separation efficiency.
Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem, and general thought is as follows:
Cone with drainage trough is arranged on the inside of separator body, draws when the mixture of inward eddy moves upward to band When at the cone of chute, due to the stop of cone, the drainage trough guiding that partly oarse-grained mixture is forced through in cone is outer Eddy flow is separated again, thus decreasing the content of large particulate matter in the mixture isolated, and then improves separation effect Rate.
In order to more fully understand technique scheme, below in conjunction with Figure of description and specific embodiment to upper State technical scheme to be described in detail.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, cyclone separator provided in an embodiment of the present invention, at least include:Separator body and band drain The cone 5 of groove;Cone 5 with drainage trough is arranged on the inside of separator body.
The structure of separator body is illustrated, separator body at least includes:Whirl cylinder 2, cylinder 4, feed pipe 3 And overflow pipe 1;Cylinder 4 is arranged on the bottom of whirl cylinder 2;Through hole 6 is arranged at the bottom of cylinder 4;Overflow pipe 1 is arranged on whirl cylinder 2 top;Feed pipe 3 is passed through whirl cylinder 2 with the direction tangent with whirl cylinder 2.
In the present embodiment, the top of whirl cylinder 2 is connected by flange with end cap 8;Overflow pipe 1 is fixed on end cap 8 Center, and be passed through whirl cylinder 2.Feed pipe 3 is arranged on the middle part of whirl cylinder 2.
Depth in order to overflow pipe 1 is passed through with whirl cylinder 2 is adjusted, and also at least includes:Connecting tube 9;
There is external screw thread in the end of overflow pipe 1;There is female thread in the end of connecting tube 9;Overflow pipe 1 is passed through with connecting tube 9 Threaded;
Or,
There is female thread in the end of overflow pipe 1;There is external screw thread in the end of connecting tube 9;Overflow pipe 1 is passed through with connecting tube 9 Threaded.
The structure of the embodiment of the present invention is further described, also at least includes:Threaded rod 7;The first end of threaded rod 7 It is fixed on overflow pipe 1, the second end of threaded rod 7 is threaded connection with the cone 5 with drainage trough.By rotational band drainage trough Cone 5 its position in separator body can be adjusted.
The structure of the embodiment of the present invention is illustrated further, has in the inwall of whirl cylinder 2 and/or cylinder 4 and draw Chute.
In order to extend the service life of the embodiment of the present invention, there is wear-resistant ceramic in the inwall of whirl cylinder 2 and/or cylinder 4 Layer.
Need exist for illustrating, all parts in the embodiment of the present invention are all manufactured using anticorrosion material, so that The embodiment of the present invention can be steady in a long-term under the environment under high pressure containing etchant gas work.
In the present embodiment, whirl cylinder 2 is cylindrical structural, and cylinder 4 is conical structure, the cone 5 with drainage trough For cone, and the diameter of cone determines according to practical situation between the diameter of overflow pipe 1 is to the diameter of whirl cylinder 2.
The following is the operation principle of the embodiment of the present invention:
When carrying out detached job, it is downward that mixture enters whirl cylinder 2 through feed pipe 3 in tangential direction with certain speed For the helical movement, the big granule of density is thrown toward wall and moves downward by centrifugal inertial force effect and flows out from bottom through hole 6, little particle Solid, liquids and gases rise become internal layer eddy flow.When at internal layer eddy flow is up to the cone 5 with drainage trough, granule By the drainage trough on the conical surface, directed outwards carry out secondary separation to larger portion mixture again.
【Technique effect】
1st, the cone 5 with drainage trough is arranged on the inside of separator body, when the mixture of inward eddy moves upward to When at the cone 5 with drainage trough, due to the stop of cone, the drainage trough that partly oarse-grained mixture is forced through in cone is led Being separated again to contour stealth, thus decreasing the content of large particulate matter in the mixture isolated, and then being improve point From efficiency.
2nd, by threaded rod 7 using it is achieved that tune to the position of the cone 5 with drainage trough according to the actual requirements Whole, with the desired separated effect required for reaching, further increase the separation efficiency of the embodiment of the present invention.
3rd, by the use to connecting tube 9, actual according to demand the depth that overflow pipe 1 stretches into whirl cylinder 2 can be adjusted.
4th, the inwall in whirl cylinder 2 and/or cylinder 4 have drainage trough such that it is able to guiding entrance mixture more added with Effect ground, to bottom eddy flow, further improves the separation efficiency of the embodiment of the present invention.
5th, the inwall in whirl cylinder 2 and/or cylinder 4 has wear-resistant ceramic layer, thus extending making of the embodiment of the present invention Use the life-span.
Embodiment of the present invention structure is simple, both can improve the separation efficiency of finely ground particle substance, can be overflow by adjustment again The position of position in whirl cylinder 2 for flow tube 1 lower end and cone with the desired separated effect required for reaching, this structure for The separation efficiency of finely ground particle substance is significantly improved.Additionally, the embodiment of the present invention also has can improve solid-liquid, gas-solid, gas The advantage of the solid material separation efficiency of liquid, and can run steadily in the long term under high pressure operating mode and strong corrosive environment.
Although preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, but those skilled in the art once know basic creation Property concept, then can make other change and modification to these embodiments.So, claims are intended to be construed to including excellent Select embodiment and fall into being had altered and changing of the scope of the invention.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out the various changes and modification essence without deviating from the present invention to the present invention God and scope.So, if these modifications of the present invention and modification belong to the scope of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies Within, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these changes and modification.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cyclone separator is it is characterised in that at least include:Separator body and the cone with drainage trough;Described band draws The cone of chute is arranged on the inside of described separator body.
2. separator as claimed in claim 1 is it is characterised in that described separator body at least includes:Whirl cylinder, separation Cylinder, feed pipe and overflow pipe;Described cylinder is arranged on the bottom of described whirl cylinder;Through hole is arranged at the bottom of described cylinder;Institute State the top that overflow pipe is arranged on described whirl cylinder;Described feed pipe is passed through described eddy flow with the direction tangent with described whirl cylinder Cylinder.
3. separator as claimed in claim 2 is it is characterised in that also at least include:Threaded rod;The first end of described threaded rod It is fixed on described overflow pipe, the second end of described threaded rod and described cone are threaded connection.
4. separator as claimed in claim 3 is it is characterised in that also at least include:Connecting tube;
There is external screw thread in the end of described overflow pipe;There is female thread in the end of described connecting tube;Described overflow pipe and described company Adapter is threaded connection;
Or,
There is female thread in the end of described overflow pipe;There is external screw thread in the end of described connecting tube;Described overflow pipe and described company Adapter is threaded connection.
5. separator as claimed in claim 2 is it is characterised in that the inwall in described whirl cylinder and/or described cylinder has Drainage trough.
6. separator as claimed in claim 2 is it is characterised in that the inwall in described whirl cylinder and/or described cylinder has Wear-resistant ceramic layer.
7. the separator as any one of claim 1-6 is it is characterised in that the described cone with drainage trough is circular cone Body.
CN201611198016.3A 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Cyclone separator Pending CN106423595A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611198016.3A CN106423595A (en) 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Cyclone separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611198016.3A CN106423595A (en) 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Cyclone separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106423595A true CN106423595A (en) 2017-02-22

Family

ID=58215135

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611198016.3A Pending CN106423595A (en) 2016-12-22 2016-12-22 Cyclone separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106423595A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109488262A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-03-19 常州大学 A kind of exploitation of gas hydrates silt cyclone separator

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1870947A (en) * 1930-11-07 1932-08-09 A Neher Van Dust collector
JPS50150875U (en) * 1974-05-31 1975-12-15
CN200942363Y (en) * 2006-09-01 2007-09-05 辽宁金协机械制造有限公司 Hydrocyclone
CN101590451A (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-12-02 太原理工大学 Coal slime rotational flow reselecting column
CN201809458U (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-04-27 肇庆市飞南金属有限公司 Adjustable overflow device
CN102350405A (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-02-15 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 Universal type cyclone separator
CN202893541U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-04-24 中交上海航道勘察设计研究院有限公司 Cyclone separator of tapered overflowing pipe
CN204093815U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-14 西安科技大学 Colliery dust collecting
CN204134754U (en) * 2014-08-20 2015-02-04 宿迁嵘锦信息科技有限公司 Accelerate cyclone separator
CN204746640U (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-11-11 揭阳市绿源环保处理有限公司 Organic matter hydrocyclone separation device
CN205392781U (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-27 山东科技大学 Easily adjust depth of extended overflow pipe's swirler

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1870947A (en) * 1930-11-07 1932-08-09 A Neher Van Dust collector
JPS50150875U (en) * 1974-05-31 1975-12-15
CN200942363Y (en) * 2006-09-01 2007-09-05 辽宁金协机械制造有限公司 Hydrocyclone
CN101590451A (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-12-02 太原理工大学 Coal slime rotational flow reselecting column
CN201809458U (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-04-27 肇庆市飞南金属有限公司 Adjustable overflow device
CN102350405A (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-02-15 中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院 Universal type cyclone separator
CN202893541U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-04-24 中交上海航道勘察设计研究院有限公司 Cyclone separator of tapered overflowing pipe
CN204134754U (en) * 2014-08-20 2015-02-04 宿迁嵘锦信息科技有限公司 Accelerate cyclone separator
CN204093815U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-14 西安科技大学 Colliery dust collecting
CN204746640U (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-11-11 揭阳市绿源环保处理有限公司 Organic matter hydrocyclone separation device
CN205392781U (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-27 山东科技大学 Easily adjust depth of extended overflow pipe's swirler

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109488262A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-03-19 常州大学 A kind of exploitation of gas hydrates silt cyclone separator

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Application publication date: 20170222

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication