CN106379482A - Biomimetic combination beam plate structure and boat - Google Patents

Biomimetic combination beam plate structure and boat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106379482A
CN106379482A CN201610970128.XA CN201610970128A CN106379482A CN 106379482 A CN106379482 A CN 106379482A CN 201610970128 A CN201610970128 A CN 201610970128A CN 106379482 A CN106379482 A CN 106379482A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
described
characterised
longitudinal
plate structure
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CN201610970128.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘跃平
刘恩平
刘迪佳
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刘跃平
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Priority to CN201610970128.XA priority Critical patent/CN106379482A/en
Publication of CN106379482A publication Critical patent/CN106379482A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B3/00Constructions of hulls
    • B63B3/14Hull parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B3/00Constructions of hulls
    • B63B3/14Hull parts
    • B63B3/26Frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B3/00Constructions of hulls
    • B63B3/14Hull parts
    • B63B3/48Decks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B3/00Constructions of hulls
    • B63B3/14Hull parts
    • B63B3/56Bulkheads; Bulkhead reinforcements

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of biomimetic industrial design, in particular to a biomimetic combination beam plate structure. The biomimetic combination beam plate structure comprises a plurality of mutually connected hexagonal prism-shaped honeycomb bodies, wherein the two adjacent honeycomb bodies are distributed in a way of sharing the side surfaces. The biomimetic combination beam plate structure has the characteristics of high intensity, high modulus, high specific stiffness, high toughness and light dead weight.

Description

Bionical composite beam plate structure and ship

Technical field

The present invention relates to bionical industrial design technical field, more particularly, to a kind of bionical composite beam plate structure and being imitated using this The ship of raw composite beam plate structure.

Background technology

Ocean is the cradle of the mankind, has directly or indirectly brought up more than 1/3rd population and 2/3rds in the world Above economy.And one of important node in its economic structure network is naval vessel.

It is light as far as possible that people always wish that in applied economics activity the platform own wt on naval vessel requires, and load capacity will Greatly.But ocean is a considerably complicated environment, wind and wave are at all times, and wind wave is clapped, and the scrambling of stormy waves, to naval vessel Produce longitudinal/horizontal bending moment, and huge longitudinal direction/cross torsion moment can be produced.Again because of the invasion and attack of wind with bounce, The factors such as mechanical movement, often cause the supporting construction on naval vessel to produce various frequency vibrations, are often subject to this for a long time Plant the various device fails that vibrations are easily caused naval vessel, even often sending person skilled that equipment is examined Look into it is also difficult to avoid device fails.

Platform stands longitudinal direction/transverse curvature moment for a long time, and particularly longitudinally/cross torsion moment and vibration are easily caused weldering There is crack in spotweld.Although relevant treatment can be carried out to its stress after the completion of welding more than Modern Shipbuilding weld seam solder joint, but also no Method accomplishes its pad residual stress is completely eliminated.Platform more than solder joint increases maintenance cost, also will lead to shorten naval vessel use Life-span.Therefore, high requirement is proposed to the structural strength of platform, specific stiffness also flexible etc..Only reach above-mentioned requirements Can take into account and preferably solve the problems, such as.

The problems such as current techniques and technique solve only intensity, or use non-ferrous metal aluminium alloy and precious metal in a large number Titanium alloy, to solve the problems, such as to mitigate own wt, but cannot take into account the desired physical considerations such as intensity, specific stiffness, modulus and vibration.

China is a time-honored country of shipbuilding, is that mankind's naval architecture history made great contribution, nowadays China is not only Shipbuilding big country, and positive shipbuilding power strides forward, and also has many technical problem difficulties to overcome on the road marching shipbuilding power Solve.Only constantly bring forth new ideas, New Technologies new method dare to be used, the difficulty in the middle of advancing and asking of existing could be solved Topic, with the progress of modern mechanical processing and welding equipment, such as large-scale 3D scanning and 3D printing technique are constantly ripe, for innovation The complicated difficult problem solving to exist provides favourable basic condition.

Content of the invention

The primary and foremost purpose of the present invention aim to provide a kind of have high intensity, high-moduluss, high than rigidity, bionical group of high tenacity Close contignation.

Another object of the present invention is to providing a kind of ship using above-mentioned bionical composite beam plate structure, it has deadweight Gently, the feature that anti-strike capability is strong and loading capacity is big.

To achieve these goals, the present invention provides technical scheme below:

A kind of bionical composite beam plate structure, including the honeycomb ceramics of multiple interconnective hexa-prisms, adjacent each two Honeycomb ceramics side arrangement altogether.

Preferably, the plurality of honeycomb ceramics is arranged in array fashion, and each column honeycomb ceramics includes two longitudinal plates and located at two Multiple transverse plates between longitudinal plate, described longitudinal plate along its length by specific range be in left and right to bending in the way of staggered, and And the two adjacent level side angles that bending is formed are 120 °, the opposite rib protruding of two longitudinal plates is corresponding and described transverse plate respectively Two sides connect.

Preferably, described longitudinal plate and transverse plate are made by T profile, and described longitudinal plate includes starting stave and located at First flat board on one riser top, plate bending longitudinally in each forms two neighboring first flat board and is provided with its arrow in its joint and refers to To the v-notch contrary with the protrusion direction of the rib of longitudinal plate, described transverse plate includes the second riser and located at the second riser top Second flat board at end, it is most advanced and sophisticated that the two ends of described second flat board are provided with the arrow shaped that matches with v-notch, described transverse plate with vertical To plate connect when its arrow shaped tip also snap in v-notch.

Preferably, described longitudinal plate is welded by multistage longitudinal plate monomer.

Preferably, one of two sections of longitudinal plate monomers being welded to each other are provided with tongue-and-groove in its end, another monomer with tongue-and-groove Relative one end is provided with joint tongue, and the two is welded together in the way of Tenon cooperation.

A kind of ship, including floor, strake, described floor and strake limit cabin jointly, described floor And/or strake is built-in with above-mentioned bionical composite beam plate structure.

Preferably, described floor includes upper plate and lower shoe, is provided with therebetween described bionical composite beam plate structure, And correspondence is connected with the top of honeycomb ceramics and bottom respectively.

Further, the middle part of described honeycomb ceramics is provided with and is divided into two-part dividing plate up and down.

Preferably, strake includes interior plate, outer panel, is provided with therebetween described bionical composite beam plate structure.

Preferably, described floor, strake are formed by polylith plate welding, and on horizontal or vertical direction mutually Adjacent two pieces of flat boards dislocation of welding is placed.

Compared to existing technology, the solution of the present invention has advantages below:

The bionical composite beam plate structure of the present invention is by multiple hexa-prism honeycomb ceramics being total to side connection two-by-two, permissible The external force action breaks of all directions are become less active force, mitigates the impact to contignation for the external disturbance, there is deadweight Gently, high intensity, high-moduluss, the high feature bigger than rigidity and toughness.

The ship of the present invention adopts above-mentioned bionical composite beam plate structure, has stronger anti-strike capability and waterproof ability, makes Significantly it is extended with the life-span.

The aspect that the present invention adds and advantage will be set forth in part in the description, and these will become from the following description Obtain substantially, or recognized by the practice of the present invention.

Brief description

The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present invention and advantage will become from the following description of the accompanying drawings of embodiments Substantially and easy to understand, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of the bionical composite beam plate structure of one embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the axonometric chart of the bionical composite beam plate structure of another embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of the ship of one embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of the ship of another embodiment of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, wherein from start to finish The element that same or similar label represents same or similar element or has same or like function.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, is only used for explaining the present invention, and is not construed as limiting the claims.

Fig. 1 shows the bionical composite beam plate structure 100 of the present invention, and it can be used for the technology such as ship, bridge, building neck Domain, to provide the platform that a kind of deadweight is relatively light, intensity is high, stronger than rigidity, toughness is big, improves anti-external disturbance (such as wind-force band The laterally longitudinal torsion coming) ability, increase the service life.

Described bionical composite beam plate structure 100 includes multiple honeycomb ceramics 50 in hexa-prism, adjacent each two honeycomb Body 50 side setting altogether.

By by the coplanar setting two-by-two of the honeycomb ceramics 50 of multiple hexa-prisms, being subject to the external force of all directions to act at it When, all external force progressively can be decomposed, thus reducing the impact to contignation 100 for this external force, it is to avoid contignation 100 is outer at this It is deformed under power effect.That is, the contignation 100 of the present invention has larger intensity, modulus, specific stiffness and toughness, can With the vibration caused by reduction external force.

Because this contignation 100 can distinguish external force effect, structural strength is big, need not adopt special material system Make it is not required that being reinforced by other structures, thus can significantly mitigate the weight of contignation 100.

Preferably, the plurality of honeycomb ceramics 50 is arranged in array fashion, and each column honeycomb ceramics 50 includes two longitudinal plates 1 and sets Multiple transverse plates 2 between two longitudinal plates 1.

As shown in Fig. 2 in one embodiment, in this embodiment, described longitudinal plate 1 and transverse plate 2 all adopt Flat board is made.Described longitudinal plate 1 is in left and right to bending in the way of staggered by specific range along its length, and bending is formed Two adjacent level side angles are 120 °, two ribs that two longitudinal plates 1 are protruded in opposite directions corresponding two sides with described transverse plate 2 respectively Side connects.

By with upper type, complete every two neighboring longitudinal plate 1 and its between being connected with each other of transverse plate 2, organize cost The contignation 100 of multiple row honeycomb ceramics 50 shape of invention.Referring to Fig. 3, adjacent two row honeycomb ceramics 50 dislocation arrangement.

Thus, by being welded to each other in the manner described above using the longitudinal plate 1 of preprocessing and transverse plate 2, you can form battle array The contignation 100 of row arrangement, welding processing process is simple, convenient, is conducive to raising efficiency and yields.

In another embodiment, described longitudinal plate 1 and transverse plate 2 are all made using T profile.Described longitudinal plate 1 is wrapped Include starting stave 11 and the first flat board 12 crossing at starting stave 11 top, and the first flat board 12 offers at certain intervals V-notch 121, the setting in opposite direction of two neighboring v-notch 121.Described starting stave 11 is along the summit of v-notch 121 Bent, and the protrusion direction of rib that is bent to form of starting stave 11 and v-notch 121 point to contrary.

The second flat board 22 that described transverse plate 2 includes the second riser 21 and crosses at described second riser 21 top, described The two ends of the second flat board 22 are provided with the arrow shaped tip 211 matching with described v-notch 121.Described transverse plate 2 and longitudinal plate During 1 connection, two sides of the second riser 21 are corresponding with two ribs that two longitudinal plates 1 are protruded in opposite directions to be connected, and described arrow shaped is most advanced and sophisticated 211 snap in described v-notch 121.

Snap in the cooperation in v-notch 121 by arranging the second flat board 22 and the first flat board 12 by arrow shaped tip 211 Setting, further enhancing the intensity of contignation 100 and the capacity of resisting disturbance of the present invention.

Wherein, when described stringer board being processed using T profile, described first flat board 12 opens up the first v-notch, and the The both sides of each incision site of one flat board 12 all offer a pair relative described first v-notch, described first v-notch two The angle of side is 60 °, and then when making T profile bending form described longitudinal plate 1, the angle of v-notch 121 is 120 °.Institute The arrow shaped most advanced and sophisticated 211 stated on transverse plate 2 is the tip of hexagonal angle.

Preferably, described longitudinal plate 1 is welded using multistage longitudinal plate 1 monomer.Specifically, two sections being welded to each other are indulged It is provided with the joint tongue 30 cooperating and tongue-and-groove (non-label) to one end of plate 1 single phase pair, (i.e. concavo-convex to join by mortise-tenon joint Close) mode be attached, with reduce longitudinal plate 1 welding residual stress, thus avoiding welding residual stress to longitudinal plate 1 Or even (to contignation 100) produces harmful effect, the cracking of such as weld seam, deformation of longitudinal plate 1 etc..

Sum it up, the present invention provides a kind of high intensity, high-moduluss, high specific stiffness, toughness big and bionical group of light weight Close contignation 100, the interference that various external force and vibration produce to it can be reduced, service life is ensured.

The invention still further relates to a kind of ship 1000 using above-mentioned bionical composite beam plate structure 100, have anti-strike ability strong, The big feature of load-carrying.

It is well known that ship includes hull bottom, ship side, cabin, and these structures are by base plate 700, side plate 600, Os Draconis 200 (including middle line keelson, side keelson and plate keel), rib 300, floor 900, bilge bracket 400, bilge strake 500 and other companies Fitting, support member are formed by connecting jointly.Because Ship Structure is known to the public, here does not repeat for this reason.

As shown in figure 3, in one embodiment, described ship 1000 is the ship of unichassis, is made using T profile.Institute State base plate and be provided with connected bionical composite beam plate structure 100 together, in order to strengthen the intensity of this ship and to mitigate ship 1000 deadweight, thus improve capacity of resisting disturbance and lifting capacity.

As shown in figure 4, in another embodiment, described ship 1000 is the ship of such as three layers of multilayer bottom plate.Described many Layer base plate 700 includes upper plate 71 and lower shoe 70, is equipped with therebetween above-mentioned bionical composite beam plate structure 100, and this beam The two is coupled together by hardened structure 100.The side plate of this ship, that is, strake 600 include outer panel 60 and interior plate 61, therebetween It is provided with the contignation 100 connecting.Thus, enhance the anti-Beating Strength of this ship and survival ability and mitigate ship Deadweight, improves capacity of resisting disturbance and lifting capacity.

Honeycomb ceramics 50 due to the present invention has higher intensity, can be hollow structure, thus can fill out toward inner space Fill fresh water, fuel oil or other liquid or solid article, reduce the space utilization to other positions of hull for these article.Due to bionical The deadweight of composite beam plate structure 100 is lighter, and the weight that can be reduced is used for the delivery of above article, improves lifting capacity.

There is between due to biside plate above-mentioned contignation 100, can reduce by when horizontal force or torsion to ship Impact (such as prevents from deforming), meanwhile, when outer panel or interior plate are destroyed, will not integrally cause serious shadow to hull Ring.

Preferably, described contignation 100 has been horizontally set with the middle part of each honeycomb ceramics 50 and has been divided into upper and lower two parts Dividing plate 800.Thus, described upper plate, lower shoe and dividing plate collectively constitute three layers of floor of this hull, upper plate or under Base plate is impacted or other active forces are destroyed when breach, and due to the stop of dividing plate, external water source will not be from described breach Enter hull, preventing water leakage performance is stronger, has stronger anticollision ability.

Usually, hull amass larger, that is, laterally, longitudinal direction and vertical dimension all larger, the deck of boat (includes floor and shipboard Plate) formed by polylith plate welding.It should be appreciated that bilge strake can be formed by flat board bending certain radian.

Preferably, during deck of boat welding, adjacent two pieces of flat boards dislocation that horizontal or vertical direction is welded to each other is placed, to subtract The residual stress that canoe plate weld completes, and then extend the service life of ship.

This ship 1000 has a multideck structure, and every layer of upper deck structure all includes above-mentioned contignation 100 and corresponding Upper strata transverse plate 25 and upper strata longitudinal plate 15.

It should be appreciated that the present invention passes through, the 26S Proteasome Structure and Function of bionical composite beam plate structure 100 to be carried out taking ship as a example Illustrate, but do not mean that above-mentioned contignation 100 is only applicable to ship, it can be additionally used in the building such as bridge (or viaduct), house In field, also it is not excluded for its application in other field.

The above is only some embodiments of the present invention it is noted that ordinary skill people for the art For member, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of bionical composite beam plate structure is it is characterised in that including the honeycomb ceramics of multiple interconnective hexa-prisms, adjacent The altogether side arrangement of each two honeycomb ceramics.
2. bionical composite beam plate structure according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the plurality of honeycomb ceramics is with the side of array Formula is arranged, and each column honeycomb ceramics includes two longitudinal plates and the multiple transverse plates located between two longitudinal plates, and described longitudinal plate is along length side To by specific range be in left and right to bending in the way of staggered, and the two adjacent level side angles that bending is formed are 120 °, and two indulge To the opposite rib protruding of plate, correspondence is connected with two sides of described transverse plate respectively.
3. bionical composite beam plate structure according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that described longitudinal plate and transverse plate are by T Section bar is made, and described longitudinal plate includes starting stave and the first flat board located at starting stave top, plate bending shape longitudinally in each Become two neighboring first flat board to be provided with its arrow sensing V-type contrary with the protrusion direction of the rib of longitudinal plate in its joint to cut Mouthful, described transverse plate includes the second riser and the second flat board located at the second riser top, and the two ends of described second flat board are provided with The arrow shaped matching with v-notch is most advanced and sophisticated, and when described transverse plate is connected with longitudinal plate, its arrow shaped tip also snaps in v-notch Interior.
4. the bionical composite beam plate structure according to Claims 2 or 3 is it is characterised in that described longitudinal plate is longitudinal by multistage Plate monomer is welded.
5. bionical composite beam plate structure according to claim 4 is it is characterised in that two sections of longitudinal plate monomers being welded to each other One of be provided with tongue-and-groove in its end, another monomer is provided with joint tongue in one end relative with tongue-and-groove, the two by Tenon cooperation in the way of Weld together.
6. a kind of ship, including floor, strake, described floor and strake jointly limits cabin it is characterised in that institute State floor and/or strake is built-in with the bionical composite beam plate structure described in claim 1 to 5 any one.
7. ship according to claim 6 is it is characterised in that described floor includes upper plate and lower shoe, therebetween It is provided with described bionical composite beam plate structure, and correspondence is connected with the top of honeycomb ceramics and bottom respectively.
8. ship according to claim 7 is divided into upper and lower two it is characterised in that the middle part of described honeycomb ceramics is provided with The dividing plate dividing.
9. ship according to claim 6, it is characterised in that strake includes interior plate, outer panel, is provided with therebetween institute State bionical composite beam plate structure.
10. ship according to claim 6 is it is characterised in that described floor, strake are by polylith plate welding Become, and the adjacent two pieces of flat boards dislocation being welded to each other on horizontal or vertical direction is placed.
CN201610970128.XA 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 Biomimetic combination beam plate structure and boat CN106379482A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4879152A (en) * 1989-02-15 1989-11-07 Green Patrick H Composite panel structure
US5037498A (en) * 1988-12-28 1991-08-06 Jamco Corporation Continuous honeycomb panel molding method
CN1141866A (en) * 1995-06-08 1997-02-05 国家宇航公司 Method for production of plate with structural and acoustical characteristics and plate thereof
CN1657275A (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-08-24 冷鹭浩 Rectangular plastic plate with cellular sandwich
CN202163050U (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-03-14 常州中吴勤丰金属材料有限公司 Novel metal plate composite board

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5037498A (en) * 1988-12-28 1991-08-06 Jamco Corporation Continuous honeycomb panel molding method
US4879152A (en) * 1989-02-15 1989-11-07 Green Patrick H Composite panel structure
CN1141866A (en) * 1995-06-08 1997-02-05 国家宇航公司 Method for production of plate with structural and acoustical characteristics and plate thereof
CN1657275A (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-08-24 冷鹭浩 Rectangular plastic plate with cellular sandwich
CN202163050U (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-03-14 常州中吴勤丰金属材料有限公司 Novel metal plate composite board

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李治彬: "《海洋工程结构》", 31 March 2002 *

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