CN106351117B - A kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron and its damping method - Google Patents

A kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron and its damping method Download PDF

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CN106351117B
CN106351117B CN201610900741.4A CN201610900741A CN106351117B CN 106351117 B CN106351117 B CN 106351117B CN 201610900741 A CN201610900741 A CN 201610900741A CN 106351117 B CN106351117 B CN 106351117B
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component
damping
damping element
unilateral
elastoplasticity
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CN106351117A (en
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张小锋
刘军
夏俊勇
宁响亮
李文斌
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Zhuzhou Times New Material Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/04Bearings; Hinges

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Vibration Prevention Devices (AREA)
  • Bridges Or Land Bridges (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron and its damping methods.Unilateral side damping elastoplasticity bridle iron includes middle seat board, balance block assembly, horizontal steel damping element, longitudinal steel damping element, piston component, downslide movable plate component, bottom basin component, upper sliding plate component, upper wearing plate, spherical surface wearing plate, planar lasting board, lower wearing plate;By the way that longitudinal steel damping element is arranged using unilateral double damping force, longitudinal steel damping element, opposite side setting balance block assembly are connected in the one side of bottom basin component with downslide movable plate component, so as to achieve the purpose that damping energy consumption and meet the small space installation requirement of Medium and small span bridge.The present invention is in addition to the various functions for possessing traditional elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat, moreover it is possible to be completely adapted to the installation requirement in small space, realize the shock-absorbing function of Medium and small span bridge.

Description

A kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron and its damping method
Technical field
The present invention relates to bridge and building cushion technique fields.
Background technology
From the seventies in last century, since New Zealand scholar works out elastoplasticity steel, elastoplasticity steel is in bridge and building field Extensive development.Elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat be it is a kind of be composed of elastoplasticity steel damping element and common bearing it is new Type shock-absorbing bridge support.Its operation principle is that under normal circumstances, bearing plays the function of common bridge pad, earthquake conditions Undersetting elastoplasticity steel damping element is plastically deformed dissipation seismic energy to reduce seismic energy input repeatedly, reduces earthquake to bridge The destruction of beam, such bearing had both had the function of common bearing but also with damping energy consumption function.
Traditional secondary arrangement of elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat damping is with the double damping arrangements of bearing bilateral unfolding wing type in the same direction Structure, the type arrangement, since damping element spademan is exposed, cause the more common bearing of bearing demand installation space big It is more.Such is arranged in long-span continuous beam bridge installation, and there is no problem, but at present bridge construction beam using Medium and small span bridge as Main, Medium and small span bridge installation space is smaller, especially bridge end bay, is fitted without space substantially, therefore, in the same direction with bearing Bilateral unfolding wing type arrangement mode is no longer desirable for Medium and small span bridge.In addition, according to newest issue《Earthquake In China moves Parameter zoning map》It is required that domestic each department, which are required to seismic behavior, improves level-one, therefore develop a kind of suitable for Medium and small span The damping energy dissipating support of bridge is very necessary.
In the prior art, the Chinese invention of Application No. 201410375820.9 discloses a kind of steel damping composite slide-plate rubber Glue bearing and its damping method, steel damping composite slide-plate rubber support include:Bearing upper plate, bearing lower plate and slide plate rubber branch Seat, slide plate rubber support middle part between bearing upper plate, bearing lower plate, longitudinal damping element and horizontal steel damping element both ends Interval is connected to bearing upper plate and bearing lower plate, and the horizontal centrosymmetric both ends of steel damping element are placed in bearing by sliding bolt In horizontal concrete chute on upper plate, other ends of longitudinal steel damping element and horizontal steel damping element are fixed by fixing bolt. Since larger load being subject to act on elastic-plastic deformation occurs for additional vertical and horizontal steel damping element, change in this way Shape provides certain drag, and consumes a part of seismic energy, achievees the purpose that damping.Application No. 201520553379.9 Chinese utility model discloses a kind of anti-pulling elastoplasticity steel damping pot bearing, including downslide movable plate component, bottom basin component, copper Ring, rubber block, planar lasting board, piston component, upper sliding plate component, buffer rubber gasket, anti-pulling plate, steel damping element, limit Position block, shear pin, connection bolt, connection axis pin, upper Horizontal limiting block, upper horizontal shear pin.The more than prior art, seat structure Damping element arrangement is using traditional double damping structure arrangements of same bearing bilateral unfolding wing type in the same direction, it is impossible to meet Medium and small span The small space installation requirement of bridge.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron and its damping methods, can possess now While there are elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat various functions, meet the small space installation requirement of Medium and small span bridge, reach middle or small The purpose of across footpath Bridge Seismic energy consumption.
The object of the invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron, including middle seat board, puts down Weigh block assembly, horizontal steel damping element, longitudinal steel damping element, piston component, downslide movable plate component, mounted on downslide movable plate group Bottom basin component above part, the upper sliding plate component above piston component, the transverse direction steel damping element connect sliding Movable plate component and piston component;Longitudinal steel damping element connection bottom basin component and downslide movable plate component;The middle seat board is mounted on Above bottom basin component, piston component is mounted on above middle seat board;The longitudinal direction steel damping element uses single-sided arrangement:Bottom basin component Longitudinal steel damping element is connected with the one side of downslide movable plate component, opposite side sets balance block assembly.
Described unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron further include wearing plate, spherical surface wearing plate, planar lasting board, under it is wear-resisting Plate;The upper wearing plate is arranged between upper sliding plate component and piston component, and upper wearing plate is embedded on piston component;Spherical surface Wearing plate is arranged between piston component and middle seat board, and spherical surface wearing plate is embedded on piston component;Planar lasting board is arranged on Between middle seat board and bottom basin component, planar lasting board is embedded on middle seat board;Lower wearing plate is arranged on bottom basin component and lower slider Between plate component, lower wearing plate is embedded on bottom basin component;The longitudinal direction steel damping element is using unilateral double damping force arrangement.
The both ends of the transverse direction steel damping element are connected by axis pin three with upper sliding plate component, it is intermediate by axis pin four and Piston component is connected;The both ends of longitudinal steel damping element are connected by axis pin one, fixed block with downslide movable plate component, longitudinal steel resistance The centre of Buddhist nun's element is connected by axis pin two with bottom basin component.
The bottom basin component lower part is equipped with lower guideway component, and downslide movable plate component top is equipped with and is engaged with lower guideway component Lower guideway slot, lower guideway component is located in lower guideway slot and can be moved in lower guideway slot;Piston component top is equipped with and above leads Rail assembly, upper sliding plate component lower part is equipped with is located at upper rail with the matched upper rail slot of upper rail component, upper rail component It can move in slot and in upper rail slot.
To the equal chromium plating in each surface that rubs or minute surface is pasted with upper wearing plate, spherical surface wearing plate, planar lasting board, lower wearing plate Stainless steel plate;Between the lower guideway component and lower guideway slot, between upper rail component and upper rail slot, balance block assembly is with putting down Friction pair and lubricant medium are both provided between weighing apparatus block sliding slot.
It is both provided with to limit horizontal steel damping element just in upper sliding plate component and piston component direction across bridge both ends The horizontal safety device of movement is not involved under normal state;Bridge, which is indulged, in downslide movable plate component and bottom basin component is both provided with use to both ends Longitudinal safety device of movement is not involved in normal state in the longitudinal steel damping element of limitation.
The balance weight sliding slot to match with balance block assembly, the balance block assembly are provided on the downslide movable plate component It can slide in balance weight sliding slot and in balance weight sliding slot.
A kind of damping method using above-mentioned unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron, by longitudinal steel damping element using unilateral Double damping force arrangement connects longitudinal steel damping element in the one side of bottom basin component with downslide movable plate component, opposite side sets and puts down Weighing apparatus block assembly reduces vertical bridge to installation space, is wanted so as to reach damping energy consumption and meet the small space installation of Medium and small span bridge The purpose asked.
Upper rail component protruding upward is set on piston component top, is provided below and upper rail in upper sliding plate component The matched upper rail slot of component, upper rail component coordinate with upper rail slot, realize the cross-bridges of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron To stress and guide function;Downwardly projecting lower guideway component in bottom basin component lower part is set, is set on downslide movable plate component It puts and coordinates with the matched lower guideway slot of lower guideway component, lower guideway component with lower guideway slot, realize unilateral damping elastoplasticity steel The vertical bridge of bearing is to stress and guide function;Block assembly is balanced by setting, carries out stress balance, prevents lower guideway component under Guide groove is stuck;By setting balance weight sliding slot on the downslide movable plate component of vacant side, ensure that balance block assembly equals stress During weighing apparatus, unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron slip and rotating property are not influenced.
It is respectively provided with to limit horizontal steel damping element normal in upper sliding plate component and piston component direction across bridge both ends In the case of be not involved in movement horizontal safety device;Bridge is indulged in downslide movable plate component with bottom basin component to be respectively provided with to limit to both ends The longitudinal steel damping element of system is not involved in longitudinal safety device of movement under normal circumstances;Under normal circumstances, unilateral damping bullet modeling Property bridle iron limits longitudinal steel damping element respectively by longitudinal safety device, horizontal safety device, horizontal steel damping element is transported It is dynamic, pass through the slip opposite with lower wearing plate of downslide movable plate component, bottom basin component and the opposite slip of planar lasting board, middle seat board and ball Face wearing plate relative rotation, the slip opposite with upper wearing plate of upper sliding plate component and upper rail component, lower guideway component, are realized Vertically carrying, horizontal force and guiding, sliding, the rotating function of unilateral side damping elastoplasticity bridle iron;It is horizontal under abnormal condition It is cut to safety device, horizontal steel damping element participates in movement, damping energy dissipation, and longitudinal safety device is cut, longitudinal steel damping member Part participates in movement, damping energy dissipation.
The present invention is a kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron for being applicable in Medium and small span bridge, by vertical bridge to using single The double damping force in side is set, and is reduced vertical bridge to installation space, is achieved the purpose that consume energy suitable for Medium and small span Bridge Seismic.This Invention is a kind of elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat ad hoc for Medium and small span bridge.Such structural bearings, which removes, possesses traditional bullet modeling Property steel damping supporting seat various functions outside, moreover it is possible to be completely adapted to the installation requirement in small space, realize subtracting for Medium and small span bridge Shake function.Such seat structure clear principle, function are reliable, and installation is easy, and low engineering cost, service life is long, particularly suitable It is a kind of highly practical, at low cost and that there is damping energy consumption branch in the medium and small bridge in the high earthquake region such as railway, highway Seat and device.Under normal circumstances, since the restriction effect of safety device, vertical, horizontal steel damping element are not involved in moving, bearing is only Play common bearing, after the earthquake, safety device is cut, and vertical, horizontal steel damping element participates in movement, passes through damping element Dissipation seismic energy is plastically deformed repeatedly to reduce seismic energy input, is reached the destruction for reducing earthquake to bridge, is protected pier With the purpose of structure.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overlooking the structure diagram of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-sectional view of the line A-A along Fig. 1(Vertical bridge to);
Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-sectional view of the line B-B along Fig. 2(Direction across bridge);
In figure:1st, upper sliding plate component, 2, spherical surface wearing plate, 3, bottom basin component, 4, middle seat board, 5, downslide movable plate component, 6th, lower wearing plate, 7, lower guideway component, 8, balance block assembly, 9, upper rail component, 10, upper wearing plate, 11, piston component, 12, Planar lasting board, 13, lower guideway bolt, 14, longitudinal safety device, 15, fixed block bolt, 16, fixed block, 17, axis pin one, 18th, longitudinal steel damping element, 19, axis pin two, 20, axis pin three, 21, horizontal steel damping element, 22, axis pin four, 23, laterally insurance Device.
Specific embodiment
It please refers to Fig.1 to Fig. 3, the unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron in the present invention is a kind of for Medium and small span bridge Ad hoc elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat structure.Unilateral side damping elastoplasticity bridle iron include upper sliding plate component 1, upper wearing plate 10, Piston component 11, upper rail component 9, horizontal steel damping element 21, spherical surface wearing plate 2, middle seat board 4, planar lasting board 12, bottom basin Component 3, lower wearing plate 6, downslide movable plate component 5, lower guideway component 7, lower guideway bolt 13, longitudinal steel damping element 18, balance Block assembly 8, longitudinal safety device 14, horizontal safety device 23.Longitudinal steel damping element is subtracted using unilateral double damping force arrangement Small vertical bridge achievees the purpose that consume energy suitable for Medium and small span Bridge Seismic to requirements of installation space.Upper wearing plate 10 is arranged on Between sliding panel component 1 and piston component 11, upper wearing plate, which is inlayed, to be fixedly arranged on piston component 11.Spherical surface wearing plate 2 is arranged on Between piston component 11 and middle seat board 4, spherical surface wearing plate, which is inlayed, to be fixedly arranged on piston component 11.During planar lasting board 12 is arranged on Between seat board 4 and bottom basin component 3, planar lasting board, which is inlayed, to be fixedly arranged on middle seat board 4.Lower wearing plate 6 be arranged on bottom basin component 3 with Between downslide movable plate component 5, lower wearing plate, which is inlayed, to be fixedly arranged on bottom basin component 3.With each wearing plate to the equal chromium plating in surface that rubs or Paste mirror face stainless steel plate.Horizontal steel damping element 21 is arranged on upper sliding plate component 1 and on piston component 11, horizontal steel damps The both ends of element are connected by axis pin 3 20 with upper sliding plate component 1, centre is connected by axis pin 4 22 with piston component 11.It is vertical Bottom basin component 3 is arranged on to steel damping element 18 and on downslide movable plate component 5, the both ends of longitudinal steel damping element pass through axis pin one 17th, fixed block 16, fixed block bolt 15 are connected with downslide movable plate component 5, and the centre of longitudinal steel damping element passes through axis pin 2 19 It is connected with bottom basin component 3.
The present invention is arranged by longitudinal steel damping element using unilateral double damping force, in bottom basin component and downslide movable plate group The longitudinal steel damping element of one side connection, the opposite side of part set balance block assembly, reduce vertical bridge to requirements of installation space, so as to reach To damping energy consumption and meet the purpose of the small space installation requirement of Medium and small span bridge.Longitudinal steel damping element 18 is using unilateral Double damping force arrangement, longitudinal steel damping element are positioned only at the one side of bottom basin component and downslide movable plate component, bottom basin component and The opposite side of downslide movable plate component(Vacant side)Longitudinal steel damping element is not set, improves product Installation Flexibility.Vacant side is set Block assembly 8 is balanced, ensures product stress equalization.Set what is matched with balance block assembly on the downslide movable plate component 5 of vacant side Balance weight sliding slot when ensureing reconciliation of inventory block assembly 8 to stress balance, does not influence product slip and rotating property.In upper slip Plate component 1 is respectively provided with horizontal safety device 23 with 11 direction across bridge both ends of piston component, can limit horizontal steel damping element 21 It is not involved in moving in normal state, under geological process, after horizontal safety device 23 is cut, participates in movement, damping energy dissipation. Downslide movable plate component 5 indulges bridge with bottom basin component 3 and is respectively provided with longitudinal safety device 14 to both ends, can limit longitudinal steel damping member Part 18 is not involved in moving in normal state, under geological process, after longitudinal safety device 14 is cut, participates in movement, damping consumption Energy.
11 top of piston component is provided with upper rail component 9 protruding upward, between the upper rail slot of upper sliding plate component 1 Gap coordinates, and realizes the direction across bridge stress and guide function of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron.3 lower part of bottom basin component is provided with downwards The lower guideway component 7 of protrusion, the lower guideway slot clearance fit with downslide movable plate component 5 realize unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron Vertical bridge to stress and guide function.
Under normal circumstances, unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron passes through longitudinal safety device, horizontal safety device limitation longitudinal direction Steel damping element, horizontal steel damping element movement, are slided, bottom basin component 3 by the way that downslide movable plate component 5 and lower wearing plate 6 are opposite Opposite with planar lasting board 12 to slide, middle seat board 4 is relatively rotated with spherical surface wearing plate 2, upper sliding plate component 1 and upper wearing plate 10 It is opposite slide and guide rail structure function can realize vertical carrying, horizontal force and the guiding of conventional ball type bearing, sliding, turn It is dynamic to wait repertoires.After the earthquake, it is broken by longitudinal safety device, horizontal safety device, the longitudinal steel damping element of release, Horizontal steel damping element makes it participate in movement, is plastically deformed dissipation seismic energy repeatedly by damping element to reduce seismic energy Amount input reaches the destruction for reducing earthquake to bridge, protects the purpose of pier and structure.
To avoid unilateral longitudinal steel damping element 18 during the motion since unilateral stress causes lower guideway component 7 under The lower guideway slot of sliding panel component 5 is stuck, sets balance block assembly 8, carries out stress balance, prevents because lower guideway component 7 is under Sliding panel component 5 is stuck, influences properties of product.By between the lower guideway slot of lower guideway component 7 and downslide movable plate component 5, Between upper rail component 9 and the upper rail slot of upper sliding plate component 1, balance block assembly 8 and the setting of 5 vacant side of downslide movable plate component Friction pair and lubricant medium, to reduce sliding-frictional resistance.
Below by way of compared with the prior art, the difference of the present invention and the prior art are described further.
In the prior art, seat structure damping element arrangement is mostly using traditional bilateral unfolding wing type arrangement, bearing installation The more general bearing of demand space will be big it is more, seat structure reduces requirements of installation space in the present invention, Installation Flexibility height, more It can be suitably used for Medium and small span bridge.Compared with prior art, the main following points of difference of the invention:1st, this hair Bright use longitudinally, laterally is respectively arranged longitudinal safety device, horizontal safety device, ensures that product plays common branch under normal circumstances Seat effect in the case of seismic events, it is defeated to reduce seismic energy to be plastically deformed dissipation seismic energy repeatedly by damping element energy consumption Enter, reduce destruction of the earthquake to bridge;2, for the present invention using unilateral double damping force structure arrangement, vacant one side reduces vertical bridge To requirements of installation space, product Installation Flexibility is improved;3rd, the present invention balances block assembly by setting, and carries out stress balance, prevents Only because lower guideway component and downslide movable plate component are stuck, properties of product are influenced;4th, the present invention passes through the downslide movable plate in vacant side Balance weight sliding slot on component is set, forms friction pair with balance block assembly, when ensureing reconciliation of inventory block assembly to stress balance, no Influence product slip and rotating property.In short, compared with prior art, with the above arrangement, making the unilateral resistance of meaning of the invention Buddhist nun's elastoplasticity bridle iron is in addition to the various functions for possessing traditional elastoplasticity steel damping supporting seat, moreover it is possible to be completely adapted to the peace in small space Reload request realizes the function of seismic resistance of Medium and small span bridge.
In the present invention, to critical component damping element(Horizontal steel damping element, longitudinal steel damping element), fractionation can be used Or change shape;Block assembly is balanced to critical component, the method that parts fractionation can be used is split again;It can be to key structure Block assembly is balanced to change with connection mode used in downslide movable plate component friction pair.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., be all contained within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron, including horizontal steel damping element, longitudinal steel damping element, piston component, under Sliding panel component, the bottom basin component above downslide movable plate component, the upper sliding plate component above piston component, The transverse direction steel damping element connection upper sliding plate component and piston component;Longitudinal steel damping element connection bottom basin component and downslide Movable plate component;It is characterized in that further include middle seat board and balance block assembly;The middle seat board is mounted on above bottom basin component, piston Component is mounted on above middle seat board;The longitudinal direction steel damping element uses single-sided arrangement:Bottom basin component and downslide movable plate component The longitudinal steel damping element of one side connection, opposite side set balance block assembly;
It is both provided with to limit horizontal steel damping element in normal shape in upper sliding plate component and piston component direction across bridge both ends The horizontal safety device of movement is not involved under state;Bridge is indulged in downslide movable plate component with bottom basin component to be both provided with to limit to both ends The longitudinal steel damping element of system is not involved in longitudinal safety device of movement in normal state;
The balance weight sliding slot to match with balance block assembly is provided on the downslide movable plate component, the balance block assembly is located at It can slide in balance weight sliding slot and in balance weight sliding slot.
2. unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it is resistance to further include wearing plate, spherical surface Nog plate, planar lasting board, lower wearing plate;The upper wearing plate is arranged between upper sliding plate component and piston component, upper wear-resisting Plate is embedded on piston component;Spherical surface wearing plate is arranged between piston component and middle seat board, and spherical surface wearing plate is embedded in piston On component;Planar lasting board is arranged between middle seat board and bottom basin component, and planar lasting board is embedded on middle seat board;Lower wearing plate It is arranged between bottom basin component and downslide movable plate component, lower wearing plate is embedded on bottom basin component;The longitudinal direction steel damping element It is arranged using unilateral double damping force.
3. unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the two of the transverse direction steel damping element End is connected by axis pin three with upper sliding plate component, centre is connected by axis pin four with piston component;Longitudinal steel damping element Both ends are connected by axis pin one, fixed block with downslide movable plate component, and the centre of longitudinal steel damping element passes through axis pin two and bottom basin Component is connected.
4. unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the bottom basin component lower part is equipped with down Guide assembly, downslide movable plate component top is equipped with leads with the matched lower guideway slot of lower guideway component, lower guideway component under being located at It can move in track slot and in lower guideway slot;Piston component top be equipped with upper rail component, upper sliding plate component lower part be equipped with The matched upper rail slot of upper rail component, upper rail component are located in upper rail slot and can be moved in upper rail slot.
5. unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, with upper wearing plate, spherical surface wearing plate, Planar lasting board, lower wearing plate to the equal chromium plating in each surface that rubs or paste mirror face stainless steel plate;The lower guideway component is led under Between track slot, between upper rail component and upper rail slot, balance be both provided between block assembly and balance weight sliding slot friction it is secondary and Lubricant medium.
6. a kind of damping method using unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, pass through longitudinal steel Damping element connects longitudinal steel damping member in the one side of bottom basin component with downslide movable plate component using unilateral double damping force arrangement Part, opposite side set balance block assembly, reduce vertical bridge to installation space, so as to reach damping energy consumption and meet Medium and small span bridge The purpose of the small space installation requirement of beam;
Upper rail component protruding upward on piston component top is set, is provided below and upper rail component in upper sliding plate component Matched upper rail slot, upper rail component and upper rail slot coordinate, realize the direction across bridge of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron by Power and guide function;In bottom basin component lower part, downwardly projecting lower guideway component is set, set on downslide movable plate component with The matched lower guideway slot of lower guideway component, lower guideway component coordinate with lower guideway slot, realize unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron Vertical bridge to stress and guide function;
Block assembly is balanced by setting, stress balance is carried out, prevents that lower guideway component and lower guideway slot are stuck;By in vacant side Downslide movable plate component on balance weight sliding slot is set, when ensureing balance block assembly to stress balance, do not influence unilateral damping bullet modeling Property bridle iron slide and rotating property;
It is respectively provided with to limit horizontal steel damping element in normal condition in upper sliding plate component and piston component direction across bridge both ends Under be not involved in movement horizontal safety device;Downslide movable plate component and bottom basin component indulge bridge to both ends be respectively provided with to limit it is vertical It is not involved in longitudinal safety device of movement under normal circumstances to steel damping element;
Under normal circumstances, unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron limits longitudinal direction respectively by longitudinal safety device, horizontal safety device Steel damping element, horizontal steel damping element movement, by the slip opposite with lower wearing plate of downslide movable plate component, bottom basin component with putting down Face wearing plate is opposite to be slided, middle seat board is relatively rotated with spherical surface wearing plate, upper sliding plate component it is opposite with upper wearing plate slide with And upper rail component, lower guideway component, realize unilateral vertical carrying, horizontal force and guiding, the cunning for damping elastoplasticity bridle iron It moves, rotating function;
Under abnormal condition, horizontal safety device is cut, and horizontal steel damping element participates in movement, damping energy dissipation, and longitudinal direction is insured Device is cut, and longitudinal steel damping element participates in movement, damping energy dissipation.
CN201610900741.4A 2016-10-17 2016-10-17 A kind of unilateral damping elastoplasticity bridle iron and its damping method Active CN106351117B (en)

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CN102409609A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-04-11 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Method capable of dissipating effect of horizontal earthquake force during earthquake and bridge bearing
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CN202989767U (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-06-12 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Speed locking supporting seat with anti-drawing function
CN203654163U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-06-18 安徽尚德科技有限公司 Wavy elastic-plastic steel damping spherical bearing capable of sliding bi-directionally
CN204000584U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-12-10 武汉鑫拓力工程技术有限公司 A kind of damping supporting seat for damping

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201261859Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-06-24 武汉艾尔格桥梁新技术开发有限公司 E profiled bar damp support
CN102409609A (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-04-11 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Method capable of dissipating effect of horizontal earthquake force during earthquake and bridge bearing
CN202688868U (en) * 2012-08-22 2013-01-23 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Movable elastic-plastic damping bridge support
CN202989767U (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-06-12 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Speed locking supporting seat with anti-drawing function
CN203654163U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-06-18 安徽尚德科技有限公司 Wavy elastic-plastic steel damping spherical bearing capable of sliding bi-directionally
CN204000584U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-12-10 武汉鑫拓力工程技术有限公司 A kind of damping supporting seat for damping

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