CN106283740B - A kind of reactive printing composite paste material and its preparation method and application - Google Patents

A kind of reactive printing composite paste material and its preparation method and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106283740B
CN106283740B CN201610832210.6A CN201610832210A CN106283740B CN 106283740 B CN106283740 B CN 106283740B CN 201610832210 A CN201610832210 A CN 201610832210A CN 106283740 B CN106283740 B CN 106283740B
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composite paste
reactive printing
printing composite
thickener
weight
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CN106283740A (en
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姬海涛
李正雄
莫志伟
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Shanghai Ya Yun New Materials Co Ltd
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Shanghai Ya Yun New Materials Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/673Inorganic compounds
    • D06P1/67383Inorganic compounds containing silicon
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/38General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/46General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders using compositions containing natural macromolecular substances or derivatives thereof
    • D06P1/48Derivatives of carbohydrates
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/46General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders using compositions containing natural macromolecular substances or derivatives thereof
    • D06P1/48Derivatives of carbohydrates
    • D06P1/50Derivatives of cellulose
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/52General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders using compositions containing synthetic macromolecular substances
    • D06P1/5207Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions involving only carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06P1/525Polymers of unsaturated carboxylic acids or functional derivatives thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/60General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders using compositions containing polyethers
    • D06P1/613Polyethers without nitrogen
    • D06P1/6138Polymerisation products of glycols, e.g. Carbowax, Pluronics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/58Material containing hydroxyl groups
    • D06P3/60Natural or regenerated cellulose
    • D06P3/66Natural or regenerated cellulose using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/82Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres
    • D06P3/8204Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature
    • D06P3/828Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature mixtures of fibres containing hydroxyl groups

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of reactive printing composite paste materials and its preparation method and application.The reactive printing composite paste material includes following component: 15~45 weight ﹪ inorganic thickening agents, 15~40 weight ﹪ synthesize macromolecule thickener, 25~55 weight ﹪ cellulose ether thickeners, 0~5 poly- C of weight ﹪2-3Pure and mild 0~2 weight ﹪ dispersing agent of alkane two, with the total weight of the reactive printing composite paste material.Stamp depth of the present invention is high, at low cost, good hand touch, easy to process.Sodium alginate is free of in composite paste material of the present invention, comprehensive printing effect and sodium alginate are close, can replace sodium alginate.

Description

A kind of reactive printing composite paste material and its preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of reactive printing composite paste materials and its preparation method and application.It is primarily adapted for use in cotton, fiber crops and The printing with reactive dye of its blended fabric.
Background technique
In reactive printing gum, sodium alginate is traditional and important printing gum ingredient, the intimate Newtonian liquid of rheological characteristic Body, has well a net, stamp depth and de- paste rate thoroughly, but its own the shortcomings that also can not be ignored, be such as easy mildew, print Fine chemical wastewater clarity processed is not high, the paste producing time is longer, price is higher etc..
Complex printing gum is mainly the compound of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and sodium alginate in the market, such is compound The more independent sodium alginate thickener of object reduces costs to a certain extent, while improving CMC thickener and taking off the low disadvantage of paste rate.But Such thickener reduces costs, but does not reach the printing effect of sodium alginate.
If publication number CN 103741509A discloses a kind of reactive printing gum and its method of production, to the effect that will Sodium alginate is mixed with inorganic salts, carboxymethyl cellulose class thickener, although the invention maintains seaweed to a certain extent The advantages of sour sodium, moreover it is possible to reduce cost using the additive amount of inorganic salts, but cannot guarantee simultaneously printing clearness, stamp depth, Feel is printed, resultant performance enhancements are unobvious.Include as disclosed a kind of reactive printing gum in publication number CN 103924456A Carboxymethyl starch, sodium alginate, hydroxypropyl guar gum, nano silica, albumen slurry are auxiliary agent.Thickener used in the invention, Type is more, preparation process is complicated, and the de- paste rate of modified starch is not high to directly affect feel, and hydroxypropyl guar gum alkali resistance is not Height influences stamp depth, and comprehensive printing effect is compared with alginic acid sodium error.
Reactive printing gum research in recent years rests on the reducing in cost of sodium alginate always, and modified cellulose ethers There are also larger gaps compared with sodium alginate for the printing effect of class or modified starch series thickener.Although printing clarity improves, But stamp depth is inadequate or de- paste rate is not high, i.e., does not reach the unification of stamp depth and feel, comprehensive printing effect It is undesirable.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the above deficiencies in the existing technologies, and provide a kind of stamp depth it is high, at This low, good hand touch, reactive printing composite paste material easy to process and its preparation method and application.
One aspect of the present invention provides a kind of reactive printing composite paste material, it includes following component:
With the total weight of the reactive printing composite paste material.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned reactive printing composite paste material, it includes:
By inorganic thickening agent with synthesis macromolecule thickener mix, then with cellulose ether thickener, poly- C2-3Two pure and mild points of alkane Powder is uniformly mixed.
Another aspect of the present invention also provides above-mentioned reactive printing composite paste material in the activity of cotton, fiber crops and its blended fabric Application on dye printing.
Specific embodiment
In one preferred embodiment, the present invention provides reactive printing composite paste material, it is characterised in that: it includes such as Lower component:
With the total weight of the reactive printing composite paste material.
In one preferred embodiment, inorganic thickening agent used in the present invention includes diatomite, attapulgite, sodium One or more of base bentonite, calcium-base bentonite, organobentonite mixture.
In one preferred embodiment, the synthesis macromolecule thickener used in the present invention is polyacrylate Thickener.
In a preferred embodiment, the weight average molecular weight model of polyacrylic ester thickener used in the present invention Enclose is 5.0 × 106~3.0 × 107, electrolyte resistance is 40-70% (viscosity retention ratio).
In one preferred embodiment, cellulose ether thickener used in the present invention includes carboxymethyl cellulose Sodium, sodium carboxymethyl starch or their mixture.
In a preferred embodiment, the weight average molecular weight of cellulose ether thickener used in the present invention is 12000-35000, preferably 15000-30000.
In a preferred embodiment, the degree of substitution of cellulose ether thickener used in the present invention is generally higher than 0.5, preferably greater than 0.8, more preferably greater than 1.0.For example, the degree of substitution of sodium carboxymethylcellulose used in the present invention is generally big In 0.8, preferably greater than 1.0, the sodium carboxymethyl starch degree of substitution is generally higher than 0.6, preferably greater than 0.8.
In one preferred embodiment, the poly- C used in the present invention2-3Alkane glycol includes polyethylene glycol, poly- third Glycol or their mixture.Poly- C2-3The average molecular weight of alkane glycol is generally 1500-3500 ten thousand, preferably 1800-3200 Ten thousand.Poly- C2-3The specific example of alkane glycol includes or mixtures thereof polypropylene glycol 2000, polypropylene glycol 3000.
In one preferred embodiment, dispersing agent used in the present invention includes salt resistance dispersing agent, as salt resistance disperses Agent SEMEN TEKS 93.
Although being not desired to be bound by any theory, the association in cellulose ether thickener and synthesis macromolecule thickener is thought Under same-action, during stamp, dye molecule is carried out " package " as an aqueous solution by inorganic thickening agent, drying and steaming procedure In, the moisture evaporation of " package " in clay makes dye molecule discharge and combine in steaming procedure with fiber, can reach and mentions High stamp depth purpose.Synthesis macromolecule thickener used of the invention is preferably acrylic acid (ester) and passes through inverse emulsion polymerization technique And obtain, such thickener has the characteristics that non-stimulated smell, thickening effect are good, molecular weight is high, good salt tolerance, stamp obtain color depth, Dispersing agent used has the function of salt tolerant, dispersion, wetting, infiltration etc., it is ensured that product stability and raising stamp depth.This The composite paste material that invention obtains has many advantages, such as that Gao get Se, low cost, good hand touch, performance are stable, easy to use.
It is characteristic of the invention that composite paste material is free of sodium alginate, and sodium alginate can be replaced.
The preparation method of reactive printing composite paste material of the present invention is for example including following steps:
Inorganic thickening agent is added in new mixture bar, is stirred, synthesis macromolecule thickener is added, continues to stir 45min~60min, one or both of addition sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium carboxymethyl starch compound, stirring 30min~ After 60min, polypropylene glycol is added, continues to stir 30min, is eventually adding dispersing agent, stirs evenly to get composite paste material.
Compared with prior art, the present invention having the following advantages that and effect: stamp depth height, PRINTED FABRIC good hand touch, at This is lower.
Embodiment
Reactive printing composite paste material obtained and comparison composite paste material printing performance pass through following in various embodiments of the present invention Verification experimental verification
Printing tests
1. fabric: people cotton (commercially available)
2. formula:
Raw material Ratio
Composite paste material X%
Sodium bicarbonate 3%
Reservehao S 1%
Urea 10%
Reactive dye 3%
Water Y%
It is total 100%
3. printing technology:
Stamp → drying → decatize (105 DEG C × 8min) → cold water wash → warm water washes (80 DEG C) → soap (95 DEG C, SW Conc., 2g/L) → warm water washes → and cold water washes → cold water is washed → dries.
4. performance test
4.1 viscosity test
Using Brookfield DV-II+Pro viscosimeter, 6# rotor, revolving speed 20rpm is measured under the conditions of 25 DEG C.
4.2 stamp viscosity index (VI)s (PVI value)
Two shear rates differ the ratio of 10 times of apparent viscosity.PVI value=η (60)/η (6).
4.3 apparent stamp depth (K/S value)
Use the color strength of 400 colour photometer of Datacolor measurement PRINTED FABRIC.K/S value is bigger, illustrates apparent obtain Colo(u)r specification is higher.
4.4 printing contour sharpness and lines fineness
Range estimation.
4.5 de- paste rates
De- paste rate=(W1-W2)/(W1-W0) × 100%
W0, W1, W2 respectively indicate before stamp after dry fabric weight, stamp dry fabric weight after dry fabric weight, de- paste in formula.
4.6 feel
Hand palpating manipulation.5 one group of people touch PRINTED FABRIC respectively, evaluate flexibility, 5 grades preferably, and 1 grade worst.The average level of 5 people Number is evaluation result.
Embodiment 1:
Formula used by the present embodiment includes following raw material:
The reactive printing composite paste material of the present embodiment is prepared as follows:
20 parts by weight diatomite (being purchased from Lingshou County megalith mineral products processing factory) are added in new mixture bar, are stirred, 29 parts by weight of acrylic acid ester thickener 400R (purchased from gloomy Chinese flocculant Co., Ltd is liked) is added, continues to stir 45min, be added After stirring 30min, 0.5 parts by weight polypropylene glycol 2000 is added in 50 parts by weight sodium carboxymethylcelluloses, continues to stir 30min, most After 0.5 parts by weight salt resistance dispersing agent SEMEN TEKS 93 (purchased from German Miller chemistry) is added, stir evenly to get composite paste Material.
Embodiment 2:
Formula used by the present embodiment includes following raw material:
The present embodiment reactive printing composite paste material is prepared as follows:
30 parts by weight attapulgites (being purchased from Lingshou County megalith mineral products processing factory) are added in new mixture bar, are stirred It mixes, 35 parts by weight of polypropylene acid esters thickener KG-4201 (being purchased from Changshu Irradiation Technology Application Factory) is added, continues to stir 30 parts by weight sodium carboxymethylcelluloses are added in 50min, after stirring 45min, 4 parts by weight polypropylene glycols 3000 are added, continue to stir 30min is eventually adding 1 parts by weight salt resistance dispersing agent SEMEN TEKS 93 (purchased from German Miller chemistry), stir evenly to get Composite paste material.
Embodiment 3:
Formula used by the present embodiment includes raw material below:
The reactive printing composite paste material of the present embodiment is prepared as follows:
40 parts by weight sodium bentonites are added in new mixture bar, are stirred, 20 parts by weight of polypropylene acid esters are added and increase Thick dose of EM-620 (Foshan Yi Mei Chemical Co., Ltd.) continues to stir 60min, and 36 parts by weight sodium carboxymethyl starches, stirring is added After 50min, 2 parts by weight polypropylene glycols 2000 are added, continues to stir 30min, is eventually adding 2 parts by weight salt resistance dispersing agent SEMEN TEKS 93 (German Miller chemistry), stirs evenly to get composite paste material.
Embodiment 4:
Formula used by the present embodiment includes raw material below:
The reactive printing composite paste material of the present embodiment is prepared as follows:
20 parts by weight calcium-base bentonites and 18 parts by weight organobentonites are added in new mixture bar, are stirred, are added 20 parts by weight of polypropylene acid esters thickener 400R (the gloomy Chinese flocculant Co., Ltd of love), continue to stir 60min, 40 weight are added Part sodium carboxymethyl starch after stirring 50min, is added 1 parts by weight polypropylene glycol 2000 and 0.5 parts by weight polypropylene glycol is added 3000, continue to stir 30min, is eventually adding 0.5 parts by weight salt resistance dispersing agent SEMEN TEKS 93 (German Miller chemistry), stirs It mixes uniformly to get composite paste material.
1 is shown in Table by complex printing gum printing effect of embodiment.(test data for increasing embodiment 2-4)
The different thickener printing qualities of table 1 compare
Find out from 1 result of table, composite paste material stamp depth of the present invention is apparently higher than sodium alginate and CMC, comprehensive printing effect Fruit is significantly more than sodium alginate and CMC.
It is any ripe although the present invention is disclosed as above with embodiment, its protection scope being not intended to limit the invention The technical staff for knowing this technology changes and retouches made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, should belong to this The protection scope of invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of reactive printing composite paste material, it includes following component:
With the poidometer of the reactive printing composite paste material, the reactive printing composite paste material is free of sodium alginate, the nothing Machine thickener is the mixing of one or more of diatomite, attapulgite, sodium bentonite, calcium-base bentonite, organobentonite Object, the synthesis macromolecule thickener are polyacrylic ester thickener.
2. reactive printing composite paste material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the phase of the polyacrylic ester thickener It is 5.0 × 10 to molecular mass6~3.0 × 107, electrolyte resistance is 40-70% (viscosity retention ratio).
3. reactive printing composite paste material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cellulose ether thickener includes carboxylic Sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce, sodium carboxymethyl starch or their mixture.
4. reactive printing composite paste material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the poly- C2-3Alkane glycol includes poly- second Glycol, polypropylene glycol or their mixture.
5. reactive printing composite paste material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the dispersing agent includes salt resistance dispersion Agent.
6. a kind of preparation method of reactive printing composite paste material described in claim 1, it includes:
By inorganic thickening agent with synthesis macromolecule thickener mix, then with cellulose ether thickener, poly- C2-3The pure and mild dispersing agent of alkane two It is uniformly mixed.
7. reactive printing composite paste material according to any one of claims 1 to 5 is in the activity dye of cotton, fiber crops and its blended fabric Expect the application on stamp.
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CN106978738A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-25 山东轻工职业学院 A kind of Dyeing with Disperse/Reactive Graft versus host disease composite paste material and its printing technology
CN108677561A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-10-19 海宁市盛祥线业有限公司 The printing method of the Chinese fiber crops blended yarn weaved fabric of improvement
CN107904993A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the printing and dyeing assistant of textile printing
CN107904989A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-13 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 A kind of printing and dyeing assistant of textile printing
CN107956152A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-24 苏州润弘贸易有限公司 Environment-friendly type dyeing paste
CN108201278A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-26 南通梦琦锐数码纺织有限公司 A kind of preparation method of bamboo fibre summer sleeping mat
CN109355945A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-02-19 佛山市森昂生物科技有限公司 A kind of printing thickening agent
CN111676714A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-18 广州明诺新材料科技有限公司 Digital printing dot imitating white adhesive cement and preparation method thereof

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CN105803828B (en) * 2016-04-22 2018-02-13 浙江嘉欣丝绸股份有限公司 Scattered/active Graft versus host disease dyestuff of one kind and its printing technology

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